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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 13, 1938, Abilene, Texas $ CZECHOSLOVAKIA'S FATE IN BALANCE— British Ponder Possible By The Associated Press LONDON, March 12.—Adolf Hitler’* bold nazi seizure of Austria today thrust the fate of Czechoslovakia squarely before Oreat Britain and Prance. The British cabinet in an emergency session weighed possibility of armed aid to Prance in event the independence of the war-created republic was threatened by Germany. Prance, with definite commitments to protect this third democracy against invasion wanted Britain to Join her in a warning to Reichsfuehrer Hitler to keep “hands off.” The cabinet apparently hesitated at taking the momentous decision on what to do. Opposition Leaders Clement Attlee, laborite, and Sir Archibald Sinclair, liberal, were summoned to Whitehall in what was believed to be a government effort to unite all parties and the public behind the fateful steps in the grave crisis. The cabinet arranged to meet again Monday after which Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain was expected to state his position in the house of commons. In some quarters there was a suggestion Chamberlain might be planning a snap general election to seek endorsement for a stronger British foreign policy, possibly including a promise of armed aid for Czechoslovakia. But most informed sources indicated the prime minister might sign his own political “death warrant” if he faced the country before public opinion might swing around sharply from the present isolationist stand. The hands of German and Italian troops stretched across the Brenner pass on the Austro-Italian frontier in clasps of friendship demonstrated forcibly to France and Britain they could not look to Premier Benito Mussolini for help to stop the nazi sweep in central Europe. Steps To Curb Hitler’s European Sweep A communique issued after the cabinet meeting made it evident any Anglo-German agreement now was out of the question. Presence of German troops at the Brenner pass and their meeting with the Italian frontier garrison also symbolized to many Britons prospective failure of Chamberlain’s month-old attempt to bring the fascist nation into a friendly agreement. France, where Premier-Designate Leon Blum wrestled to form a cabinet, was represented as convinced that only a strong and open Anglo-French stand would save Czechoslovakia from being Germany’s next objective. The French are obligated by treaty to aid Czechoslovakia in event of attack. In Berlin it was expected Hitler soon would turn toward that democratic neighbor of his adhere there are 3,500,000 Germans in whom he already has proclaimed his interest. Nazi scorn at Anglo-French representations over Austria was cited here as evidence mere protests were vain in dealing with Germany. Hungary, Switzerland, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia closed their Austrian borders, Hungary strengthened her guards along her frontier with Austria. Czechoslovakia barred the entrance of refugees but admitted the widow of Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss of Austria, assassinated in 1934, and her two children. Yugoslavia announced Austrian Jews who crossed into her territory Friday night probably would be ejected. The free city of Danzig which is under nazi domination was gay over Hitler's Austrian action. Soviet Russia, where the great treason trial of 21 confessed plotters drew to an end. withheld official reaction. Wt)e Abilene Reporter “WITHOUT,OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES,"-Byron VOL LYM, NO. 295. AiwdhUj Prat < API ABILENE, TEXAS. SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 13, 1938 THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS. Cnlttt Praia (CT) PRICE 5 CENTSHITLER IN AUSTRIA, DARES RETALIATION Meeting At Sweetwater- Oil Belt Teachers Merge With Northern Body By FINIS MATHERSHEAD SWEETWATER, March 12.— Five hundred independent and rural school district teachers met here today for the last annual convention of the Oil Belt Education association. At the close of their session the school men and women voted to merge their organization with the Farm Pelt Teachers association of Northwest Texas. Combination of the two districts in the Texas State Teachers association was approved at the teachers* final session this afternoon. They elevated W. T. Walton, superintendent oi Ranger schools, to presidency of their organization. 8. E. Pass, principal of College Heights school in Abilene, was reelected secretary of the association by acclamation. Offices of vice-president and treasurer were left open. They will be filled by vote of the Wichita Falls district teachers’ group in Its anni a1 meeting in late October or early November. SID PASS Association Secretary L. E. Dudley, superintendent of Abilene schools, was chosen as a member of the executive committee of the state teachers association. Other officers named were IO representatives to the house of delegates in the state body: Ross S. Covey, Sweetwater superintendent: Gordon R. Bennett, Hamlin school principal; Nat Williams (retiring president), Baird superintendent; C. S Eldridge, Eastland county superintendent; Tommie Clack, Abilene teacher; Everrett Beaver, Caddo superintendent; C. B. Breedlove, Haskell superintendent; N. S. Holland, Breckenridge superintendent; Hybernia Grace. Anson teacher; and Connor Robinson, Merkel superintendent. Earlier in the day the Oil Belt teachers had adopted resolutions urging the state board of education to fix the present $22 per capita apportionment as a minimum; commending the Texas legislature for passage of the teacher retirement act; endorsing the Har- I Sh TEACHERS. Pi. It. Col. < JUBILANT NAZIS STRAIN POLICE LINES IN VIENNA COTTON QUOTA FAVORED BY Civic Music's OVERWHELMING MAJORITY Artists Chosen With Ballots Half Tabulated, Count Stands 1,019,499 For, 77,872 Against WASHINGTON. March 12.—(A*)—The AAA's proposals to apply marketing quotas to restrict sales of 1938 cotton appeared to have won an overwhelming victory in a farmer referendum today. Unofficial tabulations from 658 of the nation's 1.500 cotton counties gave 1.019.499 voters for the quotas and 77,872 against. More than 2,000,-000 farmers were eligible to vote. Under the new AAA act. a two-thirds majority of those voting makes the quotas apply to all cotton farmers. Those who sell beyond their quotas are subject to stiff penalty taxes. The incomplete returns gave the , -—    ■    -...... quotas 93 per cent of the votes. STRONGEST IN SOUTH Sentiment for the cotton quota system ran highest generally in the old south, while in Texas and Oklahoma, the nation's newest cotton area, the system encountered COLLEGE STATION, March 12—(AP)—Bandera county in southwest Texas is against the cotton surplus plan. Of the three eligible voter*, one voted against today’s proposal and the other two didn't cast their ballots. stronger opposition. However, in no state did the affirmative vote go below the two-thirds level. Agriculture department officials had expected heavy opposition votes in the southwest. They had received reports many growers in this region, which exports the bulk of its cotton, were opposing the control system because they feared it might result in lass of foreign markets. Texans Vote 82,515 For, I 1,995 Against COLLEGE STATION, March 12. —(ZP)—Eligible Texas cotton farmers tonight piled up a vast vote favoring a marketing quota for the 1938 crop. Eighty reporting counties had amassed an affirmative vote of 82,-515, while only 11,995 dissented. Only one Texas county voted against the control plan—Bandera. Two communities of Falls county —High Bank and Eddy—voted solidly for the plan, 115 and 80 votes being dropped in the box in the two polling places. Dallas county's 1,433 affirmative vote was the heaviest received. Only 184 voted against the plan. A half million farmers in 235 counties were eligible voters.Eastland Favors Return Of Beer EASTLAND, March 12.—(Spl)— Returns from 18 boxes late tonight showed 2,399 Eastland county voters had balloted for return of the legalized sale of four percent beer, and 2,101 were against the return. Nine rural boxes with a voting strength of 315 were still out, but election officials were of opinion the margin piled up by “wets” would not offset. The county has been dry following a court hearing several weeks ago. Previously the •ala of beer was held legal.Favor Control 6 To 11n Tayloi Taylor county cotton farmers stood almast undivided yesterday in telling the national government how they felt about compulsory crcp control. By a 6 to I vote they favored setting of cotton marketing quotas, in an election called by the agricultural adjustment administration under authority vested in it by the 1938 farm bill. The vote from IO of ll balloting places in the county showed 1,037 voting for marketing quotas, 168 against. Only returns from Butman were unavailable last night 1,198-284 FOR JONES Elsewhere in central West Texas the vote showed similar proportions. Jones county, which in 1932 led the state in amount of cotton produced, voted 1.198 for to 284 against the proposed quotas. Knox county cotton farmers favored quotas 725 to 112. Callahan county showed a closer vote of 371 for, 151 against. Two-thirds majority must be obtained throughout the whole south if quotas are to be set. If set, they will apply to all cotton farms, regardless of the vote in the parsec TAYLOR COUNTY Fg 16 Col 3Violinist, Tenor, Duo Piano Number For First Season The Abilene Civic Music association yesterday announced the artists its members will hear In Abilene nevt season. They are: Nathan Milstein.. Russian violinist, who in 13 years has risen to a place among the elect and a career of sensational success and International resocnition. Luboshutz and Nemenoff, in a recital for two pianos—the foremost duo-piano pair of the country. Attllo Baggiore. tenor, whose popularity in grand opera, light opera, and concert appearance has spread from his native America, through sensational successes to Rome. London and Paris and back to the United States. Mrs. R. A. Maddox, civic music's president, announced the concerts will be held in the high school auditorium. Dates will be announced later. She also announced membership cards would be mailed late In the summer. Genuinely pleased at the interest of the people of the city in this, the first attempt to bring civic music to Abilene, officials of the association likewise expressed satis- Se© ARTISTS. Pf. 16, Col. 2 Mounted police are shown here in Vienna, struggling to hold back detachments of over enthusiastic nazis when news that Schuschnigg capitulated to Germany's demand was an nounced. -Acme Radio TelephotoRecommend Coleman C.C.R.A. Project WASHINGTON. March 12.—<*»>— Tile national resources committee recommended to congress developments on Texas waterways during the next six years with an approximate total cost of $36,000,000. Program for irrigation included: Coleman, central Colorado river authority project, three small reservoirs for domestic, stock and irrigation purposes. $57.0fl0 for first years work, no estimate given for balance. Prowler At Abilene Home Shot In Foot, Then Fed, Given 2 Bucks, And Sent On Way Friday afternoon a 20-year-old hitch-hiker, tired and hungry, stopped at a house about one and a half miles west of Abilene. No one was home, so he went In and helped himself to some crackers and three bananas. Just as he was emerging from the house, the owner drove up. Seeing a man coming from his home In a somewhat suspicious manner, the owner reached back into his car and got his shotgun, and shot at the fleeing figure. The youth fell. As the homeowner approached the boy begged for mercy. The man bandaged the boy's foot where he was shot and listened as the boy told a pitiful story of wan dering over the country trying to get work. Then he took the boy in the house, fed him and gave him two dollars to help him as he went limping on his way. Friday night, Sweetwater police picked the boy up and booked hi® for investigation, because of the gunshot wound. They wired Abilene police and said they were holding him if he was wanted. After conferring with the homeowner, local officers 'phoned back that there would be no charge filed here and the boy could be released. Today the youth is free to limp about hunting a job and is happy with two dollars in his pocket—or what is left of it.    ®    .Soviet Decrees Death For 18 3 Sent To Prison; Others Have Only Five Days To Live MOSCOW, March 13—(Sunday) — (A*i—Eighteen of the 21 defendants were sentenced to death today in Moscow's greatest treason trial. Those whose lives were spared, were: Christian Rakovsky, former ambassador to France who was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment; S. A. Bessonoff, former member of the soviet trade delegation to Berlin; 15 years, and D. D. Plet-nyeff, heart specialist. 25 years. These who must die — former high-ranking bolshevists accused of treason and murder at the behest of foreign powers—will have at most five days to live. However, if precedent is followed, the condemned men will be executed within 24 hours. Appeals for clemency, usually made immediately, heretofore have been rejected immediately in cases of such prominence as this, with a former premier and five former commissars or cabinet members among the condemned. If they are permitted the maximum five days to live, three days will be given them for the judges to weigh their appeals and two more days must elapse before they are placed before the firing squad. Among those sentenced to death was Nikolai Bucharin, chronicler of the red revolution who electrified the last session of the long trial with a spell-binding defense. Among the other one-time high ranking soviet leaders to be shot are Genrikh G. Yakoda. former chief of the dreaded secret police; Alexis I. Rykoff, premier of the Soviet union for IO years who succeeded Lenin: and N. N. Krestinsky, former first asdasttnt foreign commissar. The three judges returned to the courtroom six and a half hours after taking the case under consideration. Frantically Happy— GERMANS CHEER 'ONE REICH, ONE LANGUAGE, ONE FUEHRER' BERLIN. Mar. 12.—(AP —German nazis were frantic with joy tonight as they grasped the lull import of Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler’s proclamation on the Austrian coup. "I have now decided to extend the aid of the Reich to the millions of Germans in Austria,” Der Fuehrer proclaimed. Even as the proclamation was read over all German radio stations by Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Gobbels, Hitler himself haft crossed the Austrian frontier. The immediate destiny of the 74,-000.000 Germans and Austrian* seemed to be—one Reich, one language, one Fuehrer, but Tor tne present two chancellors — Arthur Soysz-Inquart in Austria and Fleiu Marshal Hermann Wilhelm Goer-ing, named acting chancellor in Germany during Hitler’s absence Der Fuehrer's steamroller tactics soon may be expected to turn toward Czechoslovakia, where there are 3,500.000 Germans In wmom Hitler has proclaimed his interest. He is known to have profound contempt for the protests of western democracies against his “politics by force.” The union of all Germans is something which every German at heart desires, no matter how critical he may be of national socialism. That Hitler has managed w bring another 6.500 000 persons into the German fold appeared to comifland the respect even of his enemies. EVENTS TO COME    HOT OII ISSUE IN IN WEST TEXAS    GOVERNOR S RACELauds FSA Program DALLAS, March 12.— (ZP) —The federal governmei t’s farm purchase program for tenants was declared today by Senator Tom Connallv as one of the most sanely progressive step* this country has taken. SPUR—The Dickens county FFA livestock show wil be held in Spur March 19. RULE.—Mission Institute of the Haskell Baptist association will mmeet in Rule Wednesday. COLORADO—A doy-long institute of the Mitchell county federation of women's clubs will be held March 29. BIG SPRING —First convention of the West Texas Chamber of Commerce Managers association will be held in Big Spring March 18-19. BRADY.—District 16 Baptist convention will be held in Brady Monday and Tuesday. COLEMAN. — Coleman county Bapitsist workers' conference wull meet at the Coleman Junction church Thursday. BURKETT.—Junior boys and girls will stage playground ball tournament at Burkett Saturday. Junior boys will hold their track meet the same day. SNYDER.—District 8 Baptist conjon will be held, in Snyder Thursday and Friday. ODESSA.—Annual Ector County Livestock show will be held March 24, 25 and 26. AUSTIN, March 12 —4>—Administration of the hot oil confiscation law by Attorney General William McCraw became an issue today in the governor's race. Railroad Commissioner Ernest O. Thompson, opponent of McCraw in the gubernatorial derby, criticised the attorney general's department for assertedly selling 83,-963 barrels of confiscated oil a week ago at Longview for 20 1-2 cents a barrel. He voiced the opinion “this confiscation racket should be stopped" and said he did not intend to sign a tender permitting movement of the oil “unless compelled to do so by court proceedings ” The other big political development of the day was withdrawal of Former State Senator Walter C. Woodward of Coleman from the lieutenant governo'-'s contest.French Tighten Border DefenseOfficials View European Crisis As Deeply Grave PARIS. March 12—LF)—'Troops manning the powerful Maginot line defenses facing the German border tonight were held to their post* as France took an increasingly grave view of the European crusts. The Maginot line of steel and concrete fortifications faces the German frontier along almast the whole distance from Switzerland to Belgium. French officials meanwhile sought to convince Great Britain it was necessary for mutual safety to take a joint stand to discourage any German encroachment on Czechoslovakia. CZECHS GRAVE PROBLEM They considered the war-created democracy on the Reich's border the real powder barrel because of alliances with France and Soviet Russia. Premier-Designate Leon Blum at the same time gave up attempts to form a national union government of all parties and sought desperately to recreate a people's front cabinet to give the country a ministry- France definitely is committed by treaty to aid Czechoslovakia In event of aggression; Britain’s hands are free. The foreign office pointed out however there were no Juridical grounds on which to base a charge on violation of a neutral state’s territory in the case of Germany's nazification of Austria.Describes Union Of Nations His 'Divine’ MissionSoldiers Occupy Land As Fuehrer 'Returns Home' By The Associated Press VIENNA, March 12 —Adoli Hitler joined Austria and 0«r< many tonight and defied thi world to part them. He proclaimed this new Pan. German union from a Ling balcony to cheering thousands. As Hitler spoke nasi forces, tanka and planes swept through tiny Austria to re make thi map of Europe and rouse ne* fears of European war. "Any other attempt to pari this people will be in vain,’ * tin triumphant Puehrer toll! throngs massed to welcome hi) return to his native land anc fulfillment of the long-dream ed union of Germany and hei southern neighbor. Declaring it his •’divine" mi*-slon to return Austria to the German fatherland, bare-headed Hitler in an army overcoat told th* crowd “your presence is testimony it Is not tile wish only of a few to found this Pan-Germany but Ii the will of the German people itself. TREATY ANNULLED “It woald be fine also if some of our well known international seekers after truth could not only see the truth here but also recognize it.” The new nazi chancellor of Austria, Arthur Seysz-Inquart, greeted Hitler by proclaiming annulment of the treaty of St. Germain which forbade union of Germany and Austria, Diplomatic circles expressed belief the presence of so many German troops wa.*- not intended primarily to intimidate Austria so much as Czechoslovakia. They pointed out that German troops, encircling half of Czechoslovakia, form a powerfud threat to a pinrer-like action to that country, in whose 3.500,000 Germans Hitler has expressed an interest. TROOPS TO BRENNER PASS Hitler backed his dramatic union of the two German-speaking peoples with the Reich’s military might thrusting its gray ranks into every part of Austria and bringing German troops face to face with Italy at the Brenner pass. The Fuehrer saved for tomor-row a triumphal entry into Vienna. AH Austria went nazi. Federal, provincial ana municipal governments were taken over by nazis. Austrian army troops not only stood by, but also fraternized with the invading legions. A wave of arrests struck fear to thousands of Austrians—Catholics, Jews, socialists, and former Austrian government chieftains alike. Austria's frontiers were closed quickly to prevent a mass exodus See HITLER, Pg. 16, CoL 2 The WeatherHeads Teachers DENTON, March 12.—(ZP)—F. E. Norton of Woodrow Wilson high school of Dallas was elected president of the North Texas district of the state teachers’ association at the closing session of the meeting here today.Two More Days For Filing Tax Reports With only two more days to file income tax returns before the deadline, deputy internal revenue collectors W. H Talbot and E. D. Priest were preparing for capacity crowds at room 304 Feberal building Monday and Tuesday. The deputy collectors made a final appeal to persons wanting help with their income tax blanks to come to the office as soon as passible. The office will open at 8 30 in the morning abd remain open until 4 p. rn. ABILENE":    AND VICINITY:    Partly cloud- and ox der Sunday. WEST TEXAS: Fair sunday and Monday ; rooter In north and eeetral pnrtlioaa Sunday and Iii -outheaat portion o.Mnday. EAST TEXAS: Partly cloudy sunday and Monday, cooler Monday and in mirth portion Sunay afternoon. Freah ti* strong southerly windy on the roust, 'hitting to w clerk and and northerly Sunday night. OKLAHOMA: Partly cloudy Sunday and Monday; cooler Sunday and In mat and south portion- Monday. NEW MEXICO: I nae!tied Sunday and Monday, probably rain or -now north and rain aouth portion Sunday; colder aaa! portion Sunday. Range of temperature yesterday: HOCK    P.    M* I ............. 78 St ............. 79 S ............. S3 4 ............. 84 5 ............. SS « ............. St 7 ............. 78 8 ............. 74 8 ............. 78 10 ............. 11 ............. Midnight ...... SI Hlghe-t and lowest tem;ieraturea to I p. rn. ye-terday, 84-58 ;»ame date a yea* ago. 76-56. Sun-at yesterday, 8:44; auitrlse today, 8:52; run aet today, 8:41. A. M 80 ............ 80 ............ • I ............ as ............ 58 ............ I 58 ............ 58 ............ SI ............ 85 ............ 67 ............ 75 ............ Noon    .    75 ;

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