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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 12, 1938, Abilene, Texas VOL. 294. OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE .SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 12, 1938. -TEN PAGES PRICE 5 CENTS AUSTRIA YIELDS TO NAZI ULTIMATUM TVA Chairman Tactless In Defying FD At Quiz Morgan Evades Query Replies Asks President Not To Interrupt His Testimony WASHINGTON, March Arthur E. Morgan, chairman of TVA. bluntly defied President Roosevelt trday and declared himself not c participant in a hearing called by the chief execu- tive to determine "the Jacls" be- hind TVA'a bitter Internal row. Face-to-face with the president and In the presence of his oppon- ents on tht TVA Chairman Harcourt A. Morgan and Director David E. the ehairan criticized the inquiry as nn athged process of fact find- ing" ami repeated his plea for an "impartial, comprehensive and complete" Investigation by con- gress. ACCUSES PARTIALITY He accused the president of withholding full cooperation in correcting v, hat he considered grave conditions within TVA, as- serted the other dtretcors were given advance information of what today's hearing would Sn- volve. while he was not. and once he asked the president to stop in- terrupting him. Emphatically, he declined to answer Roosevelt's questions as to what factual basis he might have for tho charges of bad faith and malfeasance he has hurled at Har- court A. Morgan and Ltiienthsl.-He referred the chief executive to a brief prepared statement asking for a congressional inquiry. On the other hand, Harcourt Morgan and Ltlienthal were ready with a long series of documentary exhibits ana oral -testimony which they contended exonerated them of the "dishonesty" charges of .the chalrmsn. ASKS COOPERATION Just before the hearing adjourn- ed at 6 p. m., the president ad- monished all three directors 1'nat they "owed it to the country not to continue longer to jeopardize the public welfare by personal dif- ferences." He said those who could "not find [he way clear" to work In harmony "should resist-" At Clnriman Morgan's request, lire thrctt are to meet the presi- dent again next Friday so that he, and they if they choose, may pre- sent written statements. Other- wise, a White House aide said, the hearing was over so far- as Roosevelt was concerned. The fight which has split the TVA for two years was brought to dramatic climax in the office .of the president. DEMANDS EVIDENCE Roosevelt noted that Chairman Morgan had referred to the claim o[ Senator George Berry of 'Ten- nessee for compensation for marble lands assertcdiy flooded by Morris dsm as an instance of "the difficul- ty" of obtaining "honesty, open- ness, decency and fairness In gov- ernment." "I must, Roosevelt continued, "ask you what evidence o( dishonesty or malfeasance on the part of your colleagues you have In regard to the so-called Berry marble case." "During a long period." Morgan replied, "I have repeatedly but 11 successfully endeavored io secure the president's adequate considera- tion of grave conditions within the TVA. The most recent occasion was last fall x x x when I personally presented to the president a draft of a letter which I asked him to sent to TVA board. "This letter requested the board to make available to me the data and assistance necessary for me to make a report to the president con- See MORGAN, Pg. 6, Col. 7 Beer Voted Back By Howard County Suds Favored By Majority Of 679 BIO SPRING, March Howard county voters today decreed a return for legalized sale of beer, the wcls rolling up a margin of 679 votes In a coiuitywidc referendum. The complete unofficial count stood: for beer, against 1.871. The tolel was 4.421. compar- ed to Ihp rinnty's ballot strength of nearly 7.000. All Big Spring precincls were heavily wet. the beer margin In Ihc city being 1.056. Beer advocates car- ried the Porsan box but all other rliral precincts were dry by sizeable mnrghvs. Beer was voted out last December, alonq with nil other liquors, after havlnp been sold legally itnce 1933 Today's election was on beer and wines of le.-.- 14 per cent alco- holic content. GERMAN MOVE ON AUSTRIA ROME-BERLIN AXIS Tiber City Watches Closely; Duce Must Choose Between 2 Nations ROME, March turbulent situation in Austria pal the Rome-Berlin axis under heavy strain tonight as Italy's fascist grand council reconvened. An official announcement acknowledged that Rome was in contact with Berlin, keeping close watch on the rapidly changing picture. The ministry of popular culture, however, declared the contact merely was normal diplomatic intercourse. House Passes New Tax Bill Administration Twice Loser In Deadline Tests WASHINGTON, March Wj administration suffered two clear-cut defeats In the house to- day before the chamber passed the tax revision till by a vote of 294 to 98. President Roosevelt told report- ers 'this morning a proposed tax on close-held and family-owned corporations was not punitive and that it was designed to erase spe- cial privileges existing under the tax laws. Two hours later, the house flatly declined to put this levy in the tax bill. Secretary Hull critizcd an excise tax on imported pork on the grounds It would be disastrous to the American corn hog indus- tnW, Ho intirr.iited it-would result by other countries. PORK TAX KEPT The house refused, 201 to 182, to eliminate the pork tariff-tax from Its bill. There was no angry debate in the that had been left behind yesterday. Before the lop-sided vote for passage, members refused to take out an amendment to raise the" tax on hard liquor from to 25 a gallon. Balloting along almost rigid par- ty lines, they scuttled a Republi- can motion to return the bill to the ways and means a motion intended to obtain com- plete repeal of the undistributed flat 12 1-2 pei cent tax on capital profits tax and Imposition of a gains Instead of the graduated levy the bill provides. Whether the administration would continue in the senate its fight for th> levy on corpoations and against the pork tax remained to be seen. Big Spring To Ask 1939 WTCC Parley WICHITA FALLS, March Big Spring today tossed its com- munity hat into the ring for the 1939 West Texas Chamber of Com- merce convention. Directors of the Big Spring Chamber of Commerce voted "to secure the convention for '39, when [he twentieth annual convention is held in Wichita Falls, April 25. 26 and 27." Dig Spring was the host city in Two Boys Born A son was bom last night to Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Gray, 1242 Pecan, at the Hcnrtrick Memorial hospi- tal. Mr. am! Mrs. R, A. McDaniel 1830 South 14th. announce the birth of a earlier In the day. NAZI SWASTIKA OVER VIENNA SHADES OTHER MATTERS The arrival of German troops in Austria towered over other matetrs on the council's agenda. Foreign circles saw Italy on the horns of dilemma and herself In a precarious diplomatic, position be- cause of the Austrian situation. Until ties between Italian and German foreign policy grew close, the preservation of Austria's now- imperilled independence had been a major point of Italian llplomacy. But since development of the Rome-Berlin axis, diplomatic sources pointed out, any appearance of Italian intervention on behalf of Austria would antagonize Hitler; Premier Benito Mussolini would be forced to abandon either Austria or Germany. Italy, not having concluded her peace-making negotiations with Great Britain and having few other European ties, therefore would face the peril of isolation should the axis break now, these quarters said. STOPPED NAZIS IN 1934 Italian protection cf Austria in 1934 Impelled her to rush troops to the Brenner pass as a warning against any Nazi coup after the assassination of Austria's Chancellor Englebert Dollfuss. Massing of Itajian troops at the frontier._tiow, however, .was consid- ered "most improbable." Babe Dies Shortly After Father Buried Tiny Hester Darlene Lee died last night at Hendrick Memorial hos- pital only a few hours after burial of her father at Colorado. The child, 13 months old. suc- cumbed ot o'clock to com- plications which developed from an attack of influenza. Burial ar- rangements will be made by Laughter Funeral home. Her father, Don Lee, died Thurs- day afternoon at his home in Colo- rado. He was the son of the late Dr. R. E. Lee. Mrs. Lee is the only immediate survivor. Lee also is survived by a former wife. Mrs. Minnie Kldd Lee and her daughter. Donna, 7 years old; and two brothers and a sister. Deadline Tuesday For Income Taxes Only three more days for filing Income lax returns, warned Will H. Talbot, deputy internal revenue collector, at the close of business Friday. The earlier the belter, however, still is a good motto for those subject to filing, he observed. The deadline falls Tuesday. Tal- bot is !o be in his office. 302 fed- eral building, today, Monday and Tuesday from a. m. to 4 p. m. to give alrt In filling out returns. "Chances are there'll be such a crush Tuesday that the help I can give any one person will be very sketchy.'1 he said. Probe License Sale AUSTIN, March 11 The highway department insisting counties must not sell automobile license plates to nonresidents, to- day announced an investigation of registrations was under way in virtually all counties. BANQUET School Leaders Hear McCraw; Stanford Prof To Talk Today SWECTWATER, March day's session of the Oil Belt Educational association was high- lighted tonight with the anual ban- quet of .superinlemlenls, principals and teachers. Principal speaker for the dinner was Attorney General William Mc- Craw. other speakers were Joe Humphrey of Abilene on "The Effect of World Conditions on Public Schools of America.'and B. B. cobb. secretary of the speech teachers as- sociation, speaking on "Effective English for Texas Teachers." Yesterday's program of the meet- ing was confined lo superintendents and principals of the association. About 20 Ablleno teachers were among those present. With President Nat Williams of Balrd In charge, the convcnltou opened wllh a number from the choral club from Swcetwater high school. L. E. Dudley, superintendent of Abilene schools, talked on "Group Discussion Projects." W. B. Irvin of Lubbock spoke on the "Single Sal- ary Schedule." A proper program of visual and sound education was outlined for schools by Superintendent R S Covey of Swcctwatcr. Saturday the general session for all teachers will open at 9 H m with a 20 minute concert by the Swcetwaler high school band. As one of the featured speakers. Dean B. r. Plttlnger of the Univer- sity of Texas win Discuss "Teaching in Modem Schools." Dr. J. Paul Leonard of Leland Slanford univer- sity In California, will address Ihc group on "What Are Our Children Thinking BloodlessRevolutionEnds Resistance To Herr Hitler Schuschnigg Resigns In Face Of Threat Of Invasion; New. Government Set Up As Per DictatesOf Der Fuehrer With Seyi-lnquart Chancellor; Miklas Retained As President By The Ass ociated Press VIENNA, March has capitulated to Adolf Hitler in a bloodless revolution which converted this nation into a nazi state. Faced by a German ultimatum threatenin g; armed invasion unless the governm-nt were reorganized as Hitler wished, the government gave up its five-year fight against the German Fuehrer. The bloodless revolution came after two days of violence throughout Austria. Swept out of office by Germany's demands was Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg, who had fought to preserve Auitrian independence in the old course of Chancellor Englebert Dollfuss who was assassinated in a nazi putsch July 25, 1 Succeeding him as chancellor and Austria's man of the hour was Austria's nazi leader Arthur Beyjz-Inquart, political friend of Hitler. Seysz-Inquart immediately formed a iiew cabinet, all but two of whom were nazis Apparently Wilhelm Miklas still was pres ident, The government radio told Vienna and o ther Austrian nazis went wild in jubilant Seysz-Inquart had been appointed by Miklas. But the president, who through his years in office had supported Schuschnigg made no announcement to the Austrian people. Also swept out of office was another lea der of the old Richard Schmitz of Vienna. In recent months the Ger- man nazi propaganda bureau, as its part In the putsch to- wijrd flooded Aus- tria with -such postcards as that reproduced above which shows the Austrian parliament house in Vienna surmounted by a tiaming swastika. Yes- terday's swift developments, however, lefl nothing to the imagination and made this picture realistic In every sense of the word. HE HAD TOO Father Of Seven Sons Remembers Names Of Only Six When He Makeslax Report Pain of submitting Income tax reports frequently is light- ened for; Abilenians by the bantering, icmarks flung by Will H.; Talbot between his a collector of Internal revenue, holds forth on the third floor of the fed- eral Scores of persons have beat a path to his dooi in the past 1Q days, filing reports due March 15. One man appeared yesterday lo claim exemptions for seven sons. He was chaffed good-' naturedly throughout the In- terview by Taibot, 'likewise father ut a sizeable family. Demand Death For 19 Soviets Prosecutor Asks That 2 Be Spared Maximum Penalty By RICHARD G. MASSOCK MOSCOW, March II. Death for 19 of the 21 defendanls in Russia's greatest blood purge trial was remanded today by pros- ecutor Andrei Q. Vishinsky at. the climax of a furious summation of treason and murder charges. For five aiio a half hours the prosecutor u.v.-ked in details of the prisoner'., ccnfesscd plots. He called them "human scum" when his v.-ords burned hot nnct "heroes" when he painted their treachery with sarcasm. CALLED FOREIGN' TOOLS He called them unscrupulous tools of foreign intelligence serv- ices, hammering insistently on their foreign ties, and demanded that be shot to protect world peace, democracy and civilization. Tills was Ihc burden or his whole, ileiallcd the Soviet exists within ring of ene- mies the plotters sought to hand over to them the keys to Russia's Jroutkrs. The only two spared the death demand were dignified, old Chris- tian Rakovsky, once an esteemed Soviet diplomat, and 5. A. Bcssa- noff, former Russian trade dele- gate. Most of Vishlnsky's fury was heaped nn Xtkolal nucharip, chronicler of the red revolution on whom fell most of the blame for the confessed "rightist-Trotskytst" plots. He also demandcr the "head'1 of Genrlkh O. Ytgoda. once the chief of the secret police and the most feared man in Russia, whom he compared !0 A'. Canone. "We c.uir.ot leave such people alive." he cried. "They can do so In America wilh Al Capones who VIII and kidnap people they want to cet out o! the way. But Russia, thank Ood. is not America." State Aid School Money Received Tay'or county common rehnol dis- tricts Friday received S5.362 from th state, a per capita apportionment on 2.6PI scholastics in the districts. Tho nllolmeni brings lo a total of the per capita payments receiv- ed this year. A total of tor Uic 1937-33 term was voted. v At length the revenue col- lector 'asked his visitor to list his sons. The father named six, scratched, his head In em- barrassment. Talbot suggested .that his caller take a stroll.'down "the hall and come back when his 'memory was refreshed. In a few minutes, his face alight, the father returned. Triumph- antly he tclu Talbot the name of his secntn son. "My wife would kill me if she knew I forgot that boy's he leughed. "She should have killed you a long time Jibbed Tal- bot. Suspect Leaves Bond Unsigned Tel Is Police He's Ft. Worth Bound On Business Deal Harry J. Mallen, arrested here Wednesday at request of Colorado authorities on confidence game and larceny charges, left town yester- day hours ahead of schedule. After putting up appearance, security Thursday afternoon, Mallen was to have met police at a local attorney's office at 10 o'clock yester- day morning to sign a per- sonal bond. The desk sergeant re- porlcd that at about 5 a. m. a man who said he was Mallen telephoned police headquarters, saying he had to leave at once for Fort Worth to close an Impotrant deal. Before the desk sergeant could answer, he had hung up. LEFT AUTO BEHIND When officers got to tho Woolen hotel a few minutes later, Mallen was gone. He left a mailing address In Oklahoma City with the desk clerk. One of his cars, a 1937 Cadll- las. was still in the hotel garage. Developments yesterday evening were: Police had one unsigned bone for Mallen's attorney was threatening to sue for SM for un- coUccied fees: an automobile finance corporation was preparing to fore- close on the car, for it charged was due on it; and the desk clerk at the Woolen had a mailing ad- dress of Oklahoma City for a man who was supposed to be going to Fort Worth. Heart Disease Tops State Death Causes AUSTIN. March Death, lost ground In Texas last year but heart diseass continued its lead- Ing role, claiming 9.416 persons out of 65.373 who succumbed to disease and accidents. PO For New London WASHINGTON, March at Ivr Sanders (D-Tes) said lodny the post office depart- ment would establish a post office nt New London, Texas. Sanders sail thousands of let- ters havj been addressed to New London Mnce the si-hool house ex- plosion tiiere Isst spring, but that the community was served out of Ovcrton, QUITS TO SAVE BLOOD Schuschnigg himself, who yester- day called out reserves and gardsmen to supplement his regular army of In the face of German" troop mobilization, told Austria of Germany's ultimatum. In an address last night he de- clared that "we are not minded at any price to shed German blood" and ordered his troops to withdraw "In the case of invasion" by Ger- man forces. The ultimatum set a time limit In which the president had to ap- point a chancellor and government "according to the dictates ol the German It said that unless this were done within a few hours, German troops would charge across the border. VIENNA ANXIOUS A There was concern In throughout the night over'-reports German troops cTn Austrian soil. Defeat of Schuschnlgg's, dream of an independent Austria was fore- shadowed yesterday afternoon, when Schuschnigg postponed In- definitely the plebiscite he had or- dered for Sunday to register Aus- tria's opinion on independence or submission to nazi demands. It was Schuschnlgg'i-sudden an- nouncement Wednesday the pleb- iscite would be held which precip- itated two days and nights'of tur- moil throughout Austria. Nazis assailed It as violation of Schuschnlgg's agreement with Hitler at Berchtesgaden February 12. The tension finally precipitated yesterday's street clashes and mobilization. OFFICIAL ACCOUNT This was the way chancellory sources pictured the march of the bloodless revolution In Its critical hours: In the early afternoon yester- day, Wilnelm Keppler, German state secretary, arrived by air- plane, going immediately to the chancellery and demanded that Schuschntgg's proposed plebiscite be postpaned. Miklas refiiied to yield to the ultimatum, saying he was an elect- ed official and that he could sub- mit to no such treats. Then Keppler telephoned to Ber- Sw AUSTRIA, PIT. S, Col. 7 Merkel Couple's Baby Son Dead Jerry Stevens Owens. 17-months- old son of Mr. and Mrs. s O. Owens of Merkel. died list night at the Hendrick Memorial hospital about 10 o'clock. The child enter- ed the hospital only yesterday after- noon. Doctors attributed his death to the after effects of pneumonia, of which the child had been ill for the last two weeks. Funeral arrangements are in charge of the Barrow funeral home of Merkel. OSTENSIBLY FREE AUSTRIA BECOMES'LITTLE GERMANY' 'Riech Of AM The Germans' Adds Persons To Be Nazified BERLIN, March Adolf Hitler sent, German troops Into Austria during the night to make good the new nazi government he. established yesterday. A source which usually has proved reliable said pll members of the new Austrian cabinet except Chancellor Arthur n-f "nauart were closeted with Hitler at a in the night. Seysz-Inquart was in Vienna as the sole. government representative while his ministers were away. It was announced Hitler would Issue a proclamation Saturday which Informed sources said would give. pa picture of happenings hi Austria to the change In govem- be read over all r.tatlohS (5 a. m. C. S. T.) by Pro- paganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels.' By his moves der Fuehrer virtually expanded his "Reich of ell the Ger- mans" by square miles and opened the way for naziflcation of of the Germans outside the Reich which he men- tioned in his February 20 Reich- stag-speech. NAZIS JUBLILANT Interference by outside nations In the Aiistro-German affair was cate- gorically denied. British Ambassador Sir Neville Henderson vilsted tho foreign office Friday cording to unconfirmable rumors aa spokesman for both Britain and had no effect upon the drama unfolding Itself in Austria. Theer was jubilation coupled with a feeling of relief wherever nazis met. Wtlh Schuschnigg s resignation the Austrian chapter may be con- sidered closed as far as further nazi .worry about It is concerned. Nazlficatton of the little state will proceed now according to schedule, for the police are in nazi hands with Austrian storm troops ready to assist as the German storm troops assist- ed during the first months of the nazi revolution In Germany. The army, ft was felt here, will obsy tlie new chancellor automati- cally. It was emphasized in Nazi circles that Hitler has no desire to have. Austria made a part of Germany. The state Is to remain Independent In the same sense that the free city of Danzig Is independent of tho Reich, they said. But, in form of government, world, outlook and international organiza- tion 11 will be a miniature Germany taking Its orders in the last analy- sis from the would-be "leader of all France Helpless Without Gov't Leon Blum Speeds Efforts To Form Coalition Cabinet PARIS, March without a government and re- buffed by Italy on a proposal for Joint efforts to save Austria's in- dependence, stood helpless tonight as Nazi Germany proceeded to take power in Vienna. Foreign office officials announc- ed the French and British am- bassadors In Berlin had made a joint protest to the German gov- ernment over nazi steps in Austria. At the same time, Premier-Des- ignate Leon Blum, confronted with a threat to the peace of- Europe, let It be knOT7n he was confident of forming a national union gov- all parties from com- munist to the extreme right. Sources close to the socialist leader slid the cabinet would be organized by early tomorrow and wouM be ready to deal with events In Austria. Blum hurried consultations with Sw FRANCE Tf. S, Col 6 Loraine Child Drowns In Tank LORAINE. March Jimmlc Walker, two-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Vergil Walker who live one mile northeast of Loraine, drowned In a water tank at the farm home about 9 o'clock this morning. Burial will be In the local ceme- tery Saturday, but final arrange- ments are pending arrival of B grandmother from Dallas. OPEN BIDS City Authorizes Issuance Of Last Half Of Reservoir Bonds With more Fort Phantom Hill re- servoir bonds advertised for sale next Wednesday, the Abilene city commission In regular meeting yes- today authorized the Issuance of the series B. second half of the bands voted last March 6. It was in a fpcclal meeting last Wednesday afternoon that the coun- cil voted to ask for bids on the bonds. Bidders arc asfced to submit scaled offers for blocks of and also on the whole series The ordinance passed yesterday provided for 4 per cent bonds, as were the first MOO.OOO of screis A. The first bonds In series B will mature In 1939. with the last to inalure In 1965. Each block of bonds Is apportioned over the maturity period. The bids will be opened at 3 p. m. Wednesday. The cily the right to reject any or all bids. COW ORDINANCE An ordinance to regulate the keep- Ing of cows in the city limits was passed on first reading yesterday by the commission. It provides that each person keep- Ing a cow must secure a permit from the city, and that for each cow over one owners must pay a fee of 50 cents. Tlie santlary Inspector may refuse permits where condtions will be such as to create a nulsanlc or menace to health. Appeals will be heard by the city commission. The ordinance also provides that several persons will not be allowed to keep cows In the same lot, If a nuisance Is created. The ordlnano yet to be passed on Its second and final reading. It Is to become effective May I. the Germans" styled. as Hitler often Is Pioneer Banker Dies DALLAS, March Leven Jester, 8T, prominent In banking circles for more than half a century, died at his home here today. Founder of banks at Corslcana, Tyler, and Dallas, ester was brought by hli parents from Il- linois in 1855 to Texas, where tho Indians still roamed and buffalo hides were one of the principal Hems of trade. The Weather AND YICINITV: Mlc rlnnjj-. 1KXAS: Parity rtmirlv Satpnlsv cixilrr In north pmtlfln Jia rfnti urtclhcriy nln.N on trV MV.XICO: Mlnnlajr of Itmptr.Uurr MOMt I 13 cs r.lAy, Ri II; ;