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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 9, 1944, Abilene, Texas FIRST IN WEST TEXAS MOHIIMG VOL. LXIII, KO, 266 A TEXAS 2-U, WITHOUT OR WITH.OFFENSE TO.FRIENDS OK FOES WE SKtTCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ion ABILENE. TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, MARCH 9, 1944 -TWELVE PAGES Associated Frets UP) Vnlltd IV.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Rest for Berlin, Hit Soviets in Suburbs Of Major Nazi Base LONDON, Mar. Gregory K. Zhukov's rsl Ukrainian army battled its way into the suburbs of the big strategic German base of Staro-Konstantinov today and 30 miles to the southeast captured the district center of Cher- ni-Ostrov on the important Odessa-Lwoiy rail line, Moscow winounced tonight. More than 100 localities were captured in (he day's ad- vances, said (he Moscow communique, recorded by the So- viet monitor. Staro Konstantinov, mid way on the rail line (hat con- Shepetovka with the Odessa-Lwow line, has been held strongly by the Germans as a main prop for its entire line in this area, a formidable .stion around which the ussian advance which be- gan Saturday flowed both to the southeast and to the southwest. The Germans still hold the rail line south of ftaro'-Konstantinov as an es- cape route. t "Our troops have reached the toTvn and are fighting in its out- the Russians said. Gains reported Tuesday had put the Rus- at points less than ten miles away on the north, east and south- east. ..-The Soviet capture of Cherni- Ostrov menaced the southern escape .corridor from ..fcr it was hut eight miles west of cRe junction of the Shepetovka rail- ivay with the Odessa-Lwow line. V Cherni-Ostrov is'58 miles east of and Its possession gave tile'. Russians a hold on the-Odes- t railway runing. 30. miles 'ci trie oil Polish bo PodvoloohisV.; l trie oil Polish border Ration PodvoloohisV.; Dl station ruaivJWHJiss.; ui Cherni-Ostrov represented 'in' advance, of about 14 miles Irom Noltovlse. The Russian communique no further mention German counter-attacks aiaimt (his Soviet salient, reported by Moscow to have bfjun yester- day. Nevertheless (he number of communities captured in this thickly-populated area 'I'the. last 21 hours Indicated ilowine in the speed of the So-. Tiet advance which had .been sweeping up several hundred localities a day, f. Other Red army troops in the So- Tiet salient were slugging toward the Junction city of Tarnopol against hitter and growing resist- ance of German forces and against the miring niandicap of thick Uk- rainian mud, J Although- liie desperate German defense and sticky terrain slowed the Soviet advance, the Russians were within 60 miles nf Rumania, and thousands of Rumanians were reported fleeing from their eastern cities. Tne Rumanians were crowding railway stations despite government orders banning travel, said a Buda- pest dispatch to Basel. With a long stretch of tile im- portant Odessa-Warsaw railway al- 15 nit mperalarci p.m., mf Silt liit ihlt merntnr, Ualian Workers Still on Strike AT THE ITALIAN-SWISS BOR- DER. 8 deadline fised bv the Fascists for the re- turn of strihijig Nortli Italian work- ers lo their Jobs pn.wrt todsv b'lt neither the Fascists nor in the occupied area that threatened reprisals hud start- ed. The Rome radio yesterday poo- poohed the strike as an "obvloiu failure" and said only sort- ers went out for a brief period. No reference to the walkout was made by Radio Rome today. iThe Cairo radio. quotinR a re- port reaching the Swiss frontier, said the general strltc In bardy continued unabated dwpile (he German army threal.s lo in- flict ,-evere reprisals on the popu- lace.) REA Continued WASHINGTON. I The House. In adoptlnz the Acrl- rullurc authoriwtion bill yester- day, authorized conlinuatioti of tile Rural Electrification administra- tion for an Indefinite Rep, Pace von Ilic chani- and scld !hr barrow .it auction to the Tajior i.ur- slock Commlvion company tor cctils per pound. The barrnw scaled 21i pounds. Olrn Criibrn. of won the reserve n heavyweighi. Duroc. The barrnw so'.rt lo the Abilene Livestock company for 30 cents per pound. Buddy Winter. Trent FFA boy, won the grand championfiiln in tiie lambrliow with a 110-prmnri South- down sold to the V.'r.-t Trxas Cotlonoil company for M per pound. James Bartlctt. Merkcl 5TA hoy. won reserve championship tn the lamb division o-ith a 103-pound Rambouilltt. The lamb sold to Thornton's Department store lor 40 cents per pound. Guy Caldwcll, Albany ranchman bought the grand champion capon shown by Lloyd Kellh, Abilene FFA boy. for per pound. Tlie e.ipon welshed a 1-2 pounds. Wilson ft Co.. paid 90 cents per pound for the re- serve champion capon, shown by Keith. The bird weighed 7 1-2 pounds. Both capons were Cornish Games. Piggly-Wiggly Grocery store ol Abilene boueht (he two champion calves of the Taylor county show, paying 28 cents per pound for the champion ot the show, exhibited by Melvln McCoy. Merkcl FFA boy. and 22 1-2 cents per pound lor the reserve champion, shown by Bob- by Itay Willcliuon. Ovalo <-H. Name Fiefder Recreation Plan Leader R. M. Fielder was elecled permanent chairman of the steering committee named to organize a youth welfare as- sociation, by approximately 32 representatives of civic, serv- ice and social clubs at the close of a three-hour meeting Wednesday night at the Woo- ten hotel. Bach of the various organizations represented at the meeting is ex- pected to select one member of the group to act as a permanent member of the steering commuter. Next meeting the connnitiec will be Thursday night 8 in (he Woolen hotel. Tills action followed discussions by more than a scovc of persons representing various activities wlui placed before the group vital needs of the community. Opening the discussions, Helder named the1 purpose of the ing: "Vie are meeting lonlrht Is before the public (he prob- lem the solution of a jouth program. The U jtn- known accepted. The solution is our concern now." Lacy Byrd, executive officer In Civil Air Patrol" with headquarters at Stamford, addressed the group on behalf of the GAP- "The 'Civil Air Patrol is recruit- Ing and tralnlrn youngsters todav who will be eligible the air corps in a few years. -.Over .fill the cadet We T.nrto'fc-if pan of your yoii h program. We believe there is for" Armada Totals t Good LONDON, Mar. 8- -U. S. Flying Fortresses and Liberators with a Ircmcudous fighter escort, which made up an aimadii estimated at between and planes, struek at Berlin today for .the third time in five days with what a conservatively-worded American communique called "good results." Out of the huge fleet 38 bombers and 16 fighters were lost, hut (lie escorting planes alone knocked down enemy aircraft; gunners aboard the bombers destroyed ofhcrs ve't iintahiilaled. The communique named the Erkncr ball-bearing factory in an Eastern Berlin suburb as one of the primary targets for "a concentrated attack by divisions of B-17 Flying Fort- resses and B-2-1 Liberators of the Eighth Air Force" and said that other industrial and military targets in the capital area also were bombed. Believe Men Take Part In.BerlinRaid CAP needs the coopera- tion and Intern! of business- men of Ablfene who 'will spend I les.sf four hours month with the group who meel each Monday night to jtudr reading. the like OfTtn.a eonccpi of flvlng. these x.TOunk AkllcnhiK will" make our town in air center of Wwl if jrou tlllt (he long-rangt .Describing work of their or- ganizations to (lie group weie Thomas E. Roberts and W. D Bond. First Baptist, church has attempted to stage several parties for the teen-age youngsters We have not been altogether successful due to the fact that (he entertain- mcnt has been held on Thursday night. We believe that -if we can use our soldier center for the en- tertainment of the youngsters on Friday night, we ill be successful said Jioberls, chairman of the board of deacons, Mrs. w. D. Bond, representing the 'arcnt-Tcachcn' association of high school, reported: PTA will sponsor 'Sadie Hawkiny nfehf In the high school gymnasium Friday night. There will be square dancing and games to See VOOTII. Pajt 5, Col. 1 Goree Airman Is Missing in Action GOPF.E. Mairh Rpn B. Hunt Jr. -.on of Mr. jr.rt Mr.-. Ben B. Hunt, who live on a fa.-m near here, has been officially llMed as missing by the War department, according lo'a Wednesday release through the Uniifd PrrK. His jisrer.f'; nv-rr informed Feb. 23. that ;on. a lail on a Flvlnc had Iwrn mK-.ing In th" central Pacific am sir.cc 74. A b'.irirty of the s'iiiurr wrote Ihe thai Ili'lr had gone nn a ml.wioii Jan u: 'lie place of nnotncr Runner sr.rt Hie .'hip dirt nol return. Nn other de- tails have been learned. Sergeant Hunt hnd been over- seas some seven months. Prior (o (nleilng service three year.! apn. he was engaged in farminc with his parents. He wis a graduate o! Ihe Goree high school. A brother. George Hunt, Is sta- tioned in New Orleans. Foreign Oil Plon Hit by Independent ST LOUIS. March 8 T. Zook. president ol the Independ- ent Association of America, today criticized governmental attempts lo obtain oil In foreign countries while ignoring efforts to Increase produ lion at home. "Thousands ol miles of potential oil-producing letritory in the Unit- ed States has never been touch- ed by an oil bit." Zoolc declared at a pre.vi conference. "And for the past two and one-half years, the federal ngciiclrs have done nothing hut hamper industry's atlrmpls to increase home production." LONDON, March 8 Per- haps men were involved oh both sides of lodny's great Ameri- can bombing of ncrlln placing the operation definitely In the bai- lle" class. Figuring the attacking force con- servatively at 800 heavy bombers and the same number of fighters would put American personnel aloft at a minimum of 8800, Ground crews nnrt administrative staffs re- sixnuiblc for getting this fleet Into the sky, numbered at least Air'experts In London estimated llul.thr attack drew into action In Germany at least SOO.OW) defen- sive personnel including airmen, ground crews, anti-aircraft batter- ies and many thousands of air raid wardens and rescue squads in Berlin unri along the 600-mile route of the attackers. Veteran Raiders Say Job Softest A U. S. FIGHTER BASE IN BRIT- AIN. March 8 American tighter pilots stationed here who have made four trips lo Berlin said todny's tins the softest yef for them The loughcSt part of it all, they said, wns silting six hours cramped In single-seated Mustangs. Other fighter groups, however, met stiffer resistance. Fifty" who pioiectcd the second irave of a. S. bombers which struck the German capital agreed they saw m most only dozen Ger- man fighters. Ten thousand high explo- sive bombs and incen- diaries were cascaded down upon the ruined capital, the communique disclosed, and this devastating load was e's- t i m a I e d at approximately tons. In plunging 600 miles into heart of the Reich again, the Amer- ican nlr fleet proved Its ability lo bound back within two days from Ihe savage battle it fought along Calls for Prayers For Rome's Sparing BOSTON. March 3 MV-William Cardinal O'Couriell. dean of the Roman Catholic hierarchy In Amer- ica tonight railed lor prayers tint "Rome, the center of Christianity and Ihe See of Peter, may be spared from desecration and TJic cardinal aho asked for prayers "for the welfftrc of our be- loved Holy .Father" 'Pope Plus XIIi hi a ps-Moral letter, made public tonight. The letter will be read In all I churches of ;hc archdiocese Sun- day, the fifth anniversary of the election of the llicn Cardinal Pa- celli as pope. LONDON, .March Jean Faquls, commentator on the German-controlled farU radio, laid lonlcht: "This it the list week of jears of patient wallinj, Neil Wednesday, unless Churchill rhanjcrs his plans, Ihe Anrlo- Americam will have landed In the nest. The great Anglo- American offensive hire begun." Sees Huge Debt NEW YORK. March ,ri-Capt. Edward V. Rickenhackrr predicted loniRht that the nntion wo'.ild face a "debt of between MOO.000.000.000 siul when thlf wsr is nvrr .ind only Gnd knows when that will he." the sathc route Mo'nday, 'ihe'u i record of 68 U. S. bombevs were lost and a record of 179 enemy aircraft were shot down. The fact that- today's losses were reduced almost bombm out a force of prci- uhly 800 tn Indicated IhB ilraln that tlie repeated Allied attacks have placed oh Ger- many's air defenses. Flying through light clouds most of Ihe way, (he American arnmda found clear wenther over their tar- gets as some planes streaked to ths heart of the capital and others at- tacked the city's southwestc-n edge. As on Monday, the Nazis threw up the best of ctielr air firce. He- turning crews reported the enemy again seemed lo concentrate on bomber group at a lime, allowing others to reach the targets almost unscathed. One Berlin broadcast asserted that more than 80 Amer- ican planes were shot down in to- day's attack. Berlin was surrounded with ft n.isMiij rtnf of flak inside of which were numerous Daminjf explosions. Flrlds of tire with mushroomhif pillars of smoke visible 100 milrs awiy altcsled In the accuracy of the big llcflccl. Today's lighter esgort appeared to have been larger than that which went out Monday. Then a record 68 bombers were shot down from a foicc estimated fit 850. First reports on the opposition met Indicated 11 was as fierce as Srr. AH.MADA. Pate S, Col. Strike Neor End LOMUON, March 8 MaJ. Gwtljm Lloyd George, minister of fuel, removed one of the chief ob- stacles to selllemriit of a strike of 80.000 Welsh coal miners tonight by accepting an agreement between tile miners ar.d the operators per- mitting extra pay for those work- ins In excessive diift and wat- er. RANGER BATTALIONS IN 'LAST STAND' By RICHARD MASSOCK NAPLES, March B grim secret kept locked in the hearts of Allied troops In Italy lor over a month now has been placed in the record of heroic but hopeless "last stands." Tills new chapter concerned two lost battalions Rar-sers who out on what for them was p. 1011- line avsignrr.ent lo "ralsr hell" In Cistcrna di Littovla at 1 a.m. on Jan. -30 and by noon of that day lisd been Into oblivion. Ren all that U known of their fate is the fragmentary pic- ture framed by the few who re- lumed and a- German announce- ment at the time thai some 350 had hern taken prisoner. The said about 100 were killed and many more nomidcd. The two battalions of Rangers werr Ihe spearhead ot an atlacl; on CUUmi H time Vhen the Allied troops on Ihe brachhcad still were jwhme fornaM with opposition. Thr? to Infiltrate behind Ihe Grrm.in lir.r.s in the dark of night and a ruction in Clstrrna at dawn when forces of Infantry on rn.-h side would move In the toan ar.rt Join them. The infntiiry ntirr ariivcd. how- ever. Tne Cirjmacs. ion. hsd been on Hie nifnc ihe night, I Reinforcements liad been brought! up in front of Cinema. The Raii- were trapped. TBO nf ihe handful who fe.-apcd. Cpl. Ren W, Moiicr of Ashtabula. O. and B. Kergen of Pjrkston. S. D.. later told o! the iierce. futile battle that followed. "When it so! Hsht." Mid Mosfer. "ac saw big building ahead and Irtc.s f'.l Behind us there w-ns a tank ?nd wlien we saw It we chffifd. though'. It was supucrttn? uj. Then, III Aliened up asaiiwt us and we knex it was." Soon after, also began firine on the Rancers and man infantry closed in, but "the lan'ts hurt us the most." said Fer- gen. 'They caught in a field and scsen in firing siih rvcr.vthing had." At S cVIrvle both re- ported by radio that they were sunnundcd. Tlir commsnder ol one Iwd been killed, the comman- der of the other w-ouudcd, !t WT; fight tu thr end againc-t Jiel.iilng odd.s. The Rangers became scattered and one by one guns and ammunition gave out. At noon the tadto of one battalion, the first, went dead. A few- min- utes Liter Ihe sergeant major of the other battalion. Ihe third, called that he was destroying Ms radio because Jnp command post no longer could defend Itself. After that ;