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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 8, 1944, Abilene, Texas FIRST IN WEST TEXAS VOL. LXIII, NO, 265' A TEXAS NEWSPAPER WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SJcffttl VQUK WORLD EXACTLY AS IT MORNING Yank Torts' Strike Hard ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, March 1 heav ar.d medium bombers based in Italy slruck powerful Wows at the Ger- mans both In Italy and Southern France today as ground fighting on thViairman, Stewart again express- .cd his thanks to Will Watson. Wai- fly Akin, Jimmie Skinner, Dick Dea- kins, R. M. Fielder, Elam Lillius Brig. Gen. Roy' C. Heflcboiver, JfRTC commandant, Col. Victor B. Wales, ramp Barkclcy commander, ar.d all other civilian and military Denonnel who assisted In planning f.nd slaging Ihc Red Cross down- town parade Monday afternoon. bolts attacked Na2i-held airfields and railway installations near Rome. Mitchells and Marauders bombed 5On.S, and the Littorio, and railway clubs pledged their im- yards In Rome on the main route medlaffl an" of German supplies to the battle areas' in southern Italy. It was the sixth raid on the eternal city. Tlie rain-soaked ground still al- lowed no major.military'operations but sharp clashes were reported a! Cassino and along, the Aralo beachhead battle line. Crews reluming from the di- versified attacks reported good results and said JS'ui opposi- tion generally was weak. Heavy anti-aircraft fire was encoun- over Tuulon.- The bombers, blasting thc yards on the outskirts of "Rome, destroy- ed1 railway tracks nnd rolling stock LI. Earl S. Johnson, Denver Colo., said the Littoro yards "look- ed pretiy well burned out by pre- vious attacks, >ut there were still some ears.on Ihe tracks. We wen( right across the yard with three patterns of bombs." Fliers returning from the Toulon raid said number of. ships in the harbor were hit and one medium size vessel was seen Io explode. Lightnings escorting the Fortresses drove off about 15 German fight- ers which attempted to Intercept the bombers. Hits were" reported on'submarine pens, storage areas, piers and waterfront installations. Liberators with their escort of speedy Thunderbolts blasted' Ger- man fighter plane bases at Orvieto, Fabric a Di Roma and Vlterbo. American troops made several jabs at German positions inside the Battered town of Cassino and drew intense fire from the defend- ers. Cassino, fhe key to fhe entire remains, as hard a. nut, as ever to Allied soldiers there' parody "Today we occupies a hYujg; room and two bedrooms and sent a patrol into Ihe kitchen. The .latter was forced to with- draw, after a fierce encounter with the enemy." While this was written as a Joke, it.comes' close to being the bitter truth about the lighting hi "CAS wrote; the iollowirig Birthday Parties Net Almost A total of 59.670.89 was cleared on the President's birthday celebra- iion.-! in Abilene and reported to the Xalional Foundation of Infantile Paralysis it was announced at a meeting of the Taylor County In- fantile Paralysis committee Tuesday night In the clinic building. Half of this amount will be kept iere for use in the county, Wilmer Sims, committee chairman, said The committee voted thanks to Wally Akin, celebration chairman ind to the Junior chamber of com- merce for handling ticket sales, Sims reported. Tlie grcup discussed sending ocal nurse for six-months spccia- izcd training course iq the treat Turkey Wonts to Preserve Alliance ANKARA, March 6 (Delayed! Tuikifh Foreign Minister Nu- man Mencmencioglu told Turkish editors today lhat Turkey plans to do everything in her power to pre- serve her alliance with Great Brit- 4in, which now is marred by a Tur- quarrel. iLcndon disclosed last week that British government arms and goods shipments to Turkey had been halt- ed because the British government was dissatisfied with Turkish help the war against the Axis.) uca training course in 11 nent of infantile parr.lysU definite rlccisioji was' made.' The committee is composed of some 25 representatives of civic or ganizations in Abilene. Will Minte is treasurer, the Rev. Willis p. Ger hart. chairman of investigating com mittee and Mrs. Edith secre- tary. Mickey Rooney 1-A anra.-B.-B today., ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNlNcyMAHCH 8. 1944 -TWELVE PAGES' Youths Gel Pledge of Early Aid A campaign to secure recre- ational facilities for young people of Abilene through a yputh welfare association got a good start Tuesday night when approximately 100. per- sons representing civic and mediate and enthusiastic sup- port of such a program. "Recreational facilities tor our youth will be made possible soon. we can almost guarantee, but I am not at liberty at the moment to divulge definite said R. M. Fielder, thus bringing to a climax dlscusiior, ol such a projram by. a scow of persons. A steering committee composed AUSTIN, March' limihary plans for a youth center to be operated on a schedule "by vol- unteer workers, were made, at a youth welfare meeting here last night. of about 32 persons was appointed. on suggestion of Fielder. It will meet Wednesday night at 8 o'clock In the Woolen hotel ballroom to map a final program for the yoijtli organization and name committees necessary to its functioning. Field- er was named temporary chairman of (he steering committee. Introduced by Bert Fines, presi- dent of the Junior Chamber of Commerce, who directed fhe meet- ing, were five representatives oJ Abilene high school and the Stu- dent Council, Ed Yatcs, James Har- old Wright, Patty Perkins, Helen Jean Bond and Sara Bedford. "I am introducing these students to you -because it- fe 'time that we got acquainted with these young people to find out what it Is they want, what is in then- Fineg said. Speaking for the. young people ol his age, James Harold Wright said "We you 'to look at (he world from the- view point of .the .high sthool student Iwliy. We are supportinr "We Press (AP) Unitct Preu fVP.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Advance on N Land a Rf P OFFENSIVE NEARS RUMANIA The old. Polish bordt Irovifsa, 32 miles across' Finland Awaits Russian Reply STOCKHOLM, March Finland's answer to 'Russian peace terms has been sent to Moscow' am a reply is expected momentarily, the Helsinki correspondent of the Stockholm newspaper reported today. Syon >a vlfe to -wi. lend- to lit USOr: 'war-lime orcanlia-" tioni Bill we 'would 'like little support ourselves) fWlth the' advent of rnUIUrjr personnel Abilene, recrea- tional ficilMics .which once were" availible.lo vistd iiow bi strficeDM'n. Marie houses, bowl- Inf alleys, all these ire We merely want i'pUce we can call our own, to to when we free eteninjs. We want ntfull supervision tut no. planned en- terlalnment. We. Io our own." Expressing their appreciation to the Young Women's Christian as- sociation for the use of their build- ing on Friday and Saturday nights, the other students voiced the hope that "a larger building may be made available for the wish to come." many who will Asserting that the need for a youth program is urgent, Maj Da- vid Evnns of the MRTC, reprcscnt- See YOUTHS, Pg. 7, Col. Coal Miners Strike in England LONDON. March [housand coal miners and 60 pit's were idle as a walkout in Mon ,.u lolAWUfc III .MUI1- but no mouthshire and South Wales fields expanded tonight. Minister of Fuel Gwilm Lloyd George was expected to treat the situation as an emergency at a meeting tomorrow with the national negotiating committee, originally scheduled to meet only for prc- iminary discussion on.wage differ- ences. The stoppage U costing Britain about tons of coal dally Among the pits newly affected was he Abcrgorkl mines, which had -.1 Jack at the mast- head lor 10 consecutive weeks in recognition of exceeding quotas Particulars of the Finnish replj were not made known immediately The Finnish diet met at 2 p. m. for an h'qur's session, -'-but there was no indication whether It had receiv- ed new word from Moscow, (Informed persons iii London speculated that Finland's message to the Kremlin was more likelv to have asked clarification' of certain phases of Russia's six-point peace program than to have -contained outright acceptance' or rejection of oviet terms.) Pcdvolochisk and the hamlet of frontier and 11 miles north of Tarnopol were taken in advances on the fourth day of Marshall Gregory K. Zhukov's advance, the Russians said. More than Nazi dead were counted and "large numbers of smashed enemy equipment was left on ihc battlefield." said thc late Moscow bulletin, recorded by the Soviet Monitor from a "broadcast. "War mnterinl was captured and many prisoners taken." On Ihc eastern side of the new salient thc Russians said they cap Stara- miles southeast of distance Yank Troops Gain Control At Los Negros By LEONARD MlLLlnUN Associated Press War Editor American Marines, using i leap frog tactics, have ad- vanced on (ho northern shores of New Britain to within 170 Aftonbladet a- v pondent was passed by the Finnish censorship; This was the first direct word 'from Finland 'supporting re- pom, that the Finns had acknowl- edged Russia's peace proposal "One therefore Is walling with in creased interest the second phase of the Hanlsh-Russian 'question the -dispatch- concluded. "That Is the Finnish government reply to .oscov and-the 'expected'answer" (Tuesday's Finnish military com- munique reported that 25 Russian dive-bombers attacked the port of Kotkn in southern Finland Monday afternoon, causing'somc-damage and casualties.) At 'the same time, thc Helsinki correspondent- of the Stockholm newspaper Dagais Nyhelcr wrote that "peace machinery Is In move- ment among higher officials." (A British broadcast heard In New York quoted a neutral correspondent in Berlin as declaring that "Hit- ler has personally intervened" In the Russian-Finnish situation." ad- ding -that "the Germans say lhat further decisions can only be taken In absolute agreement with Ber- The Weather DEPJBTMOT Ol ro.HB UCAT1IER Bl'KEAU 5 AND "'CI.VITV: ontinued cool Wedr.csiay. p cloudj- and colcitr Thursday. AM Hi Tar r, H.... 13 ,..51 M ....H :.R and low temperjU and 33. .High and same date last ytat- I and 17. Sunsft tut nighi: Ihu mornlnt: Sunset lonlxhl: ae e This advance was moving --onsantinov railroad nnd was Hearing Gcr- base of Slaro-KonstantinoV on site ziwbchc. miles to point in'this ai- >ancc was Sharzliifitsy, 54 nillcs Southeast of Shepctovka and si miles sou hwest of Derdichev, thus w 111 first Ukrainian front long held Berclicn points to the west as well as HID area cast of Vinnitsa a'SO llil" n Monday's capture of Volocliisk icht "T" eight nllK Mst Tlic- lite bulletin said the Ger- mans were bringing heavy air mtorcemcnts to the north where (he Red army was battling to enlarge r 1" oni onm -live German planes In the south the Germans were also counter-attacking will, forces of tanks 'and infantry but rc beaten back "with heavy IOK- ln manpower and cciulpmcnt" Weather on Nazis' Side at 2 Fronts WASHINGTON. March _ forced such a condition of stale- mate in the fighting Italv that II can bread enemy lines and effeclively thc Pending some such development was expressed her tui iu i (i IIS in both Italy and Russia arc working to thc advantage of thc Germaas Dispatches told of heavy rains Wving streams out of banks in the Italian batllc areas ar.d reducing ngntlng to minor actions. This en- awes the Germans to obtain a maxi- mum delay In Allied progrew at a minimum of military expenditure From Russia have come reports of early thaws softening (he ground This raises Ihe possibility lhat Jn irlng (he usual spring lull on't'h Russian front. 0 100 SUTUTf UVONGA) Sea LONG CAPE RABAUL NEW BRITAIN miles of Rabaul, General Douglas MacArthur an- nounced today. Marines from Cape Gloucester landed near Talaesa on mountain- ous VYIllsuimcz Peninsula, and quick- ly overpowered light opposition. This represented an advance o! lio miles and tightened the Allied squeeze on Rabaul. New Zeahuders are firmly -established on tile Green Islands, 120 miles the other slile of Rabaul. In a coordinated move array troops advanced 20 miles east of Arawe on the southern shores of New Britain. This opened the possi- bility of another leapfrog advance to Gasmata, directly beUw Talatea, and a subsequent junction of the two forces across the island, (o cut New Britain in two. This would re- peat the lactic followed on (be western end New Britain by the same forces. About 300 miles northwest of Talasea the reinforced dismounted First Cavalry established firm con- tiol over Los Negros Island In the Admiralty group. The Momotc air- drome, the best In the Admiralties, is ready for ujf, said. -'On riorli.isjsl Nefc'c.ulnea.troop's which marie an amphibious landing yesterday 20 miles of Jap- an's Bogadjim fortress, advanced both east and west to cnpturc the villages of Blbi nnd Ganglau. While MacArtbur's ground forces were strengthening their grip on all shores surrounding (he Bismarck sea, American admirals nnd Tokyo radio ngrced that Unllcd siatM submarines and planes nrc shaping the war In the Pacific where the bulk of America's 300 fighting ships arc in control. DOOLIITLE AND ALBANY GENERA! HAVE'CLOSE CALL' A U. S. BOMBER RASH IN ENG- LAND. March An accident involving Gen. James H. Doo- llttic nnd other high ranking offi- cers wns narrowly averted by the miiek action of LI. Frederick J. Sommcr, fortress pilot from Dnvid- sonville, Md.. upon yesterday's tri- umphant return from Berlin. DoolHtlc ami Brig. Gen. Robert B. William'; of Albany. Tex., com- mnnder of a fortress division. R-crc in n conirol tower watching the big bombers conic in. Also present were the highcs'. officers of thc conditions In bomber group based at C.is slation. With one engine gone. Ills plane full of holes and four wounded men aboard. Sommcr brought Ills four- cngined giant, -dragon lady." glid- ing In on the final approach. Sommcr was anxious to get down because his wounded mates need- ed attention. Officers directing the landing were equally desirous of r> y.1 S> Marauders a I113I1V firm still i- many fires still Lonches lies 75 miles south of Dieppe bringing In thc same reason. fortress for the Consequently Sommcr came In i Brings Word of Home Town Boys Fighting in New Britain- 'MISSING' ABILENIAN IS FIRST HOME FROM ARAWE Stigler Takes Lead In Oklahoma Ballot OKLAHOMA C.TY March G. Sllgicr, former state! Ennator and one lime state com-! rr.andcr of the American Legion, i into a wide lead In today's i special primary election to choose the pemocratlc nominee for con- j Jressman frort Oklahoma's second' district. Tlie unofficial count from 183 out of 331 i- thc elghi counties gave Stlglcr votes RgafRsl for Fred p. Branson, former chief justice of the, state su- ffeme, court, who was second. LI. J, T. BELu By HELEN' DUFF ,Lt. J. T. Bell of the 112th Cav- alry, who was reported missing In notion in the Arawe landing In mid- December, is the first Abilenian from this Texas group to return to the Slates. One of the biggest surprises he gave his buddies, many of whom I declared they had seen him killed. RS.S when he walked, in- 13 the personnel office in Stv Bri- tain, after a destroyer Irip to New Gulncf. and a round-about Journey i back to the front. i Lieutenant Bell arriied In Abi- lene Sunday on a convalescent leave from a hospital In Topeka, Kans He Is visiting his wife, the former Mary Non-ell, 1318 Elm, his year- old son, Dennis, whom he Is seeing for Ihe first time and his molher, Mrs. E. E Carr, 931 1-2 South Sixth. A The young officer, who received his commission overseas Oct. 21, ass reported missing In ac- tion whsn he went with ihs first landing party on Arawe. A telegram came to his mother Jan. 8. saying he had been missing since Dec. 15 With all bul two of their landing craft destroyed by the Japanese, the spearhead group was fired on with rifles, machine guns and lowered anti-aircraft while about 30 yards off slicre. A bunch of 12. Includin; two wounded men, forced back into thc water, were picked up by a destroy- er and carried to a in New Guinea. From there they worked their way across to New Britain and back into the combat zone. Lieutenant Bell, machine gun platoon leader, did no1, know he was posted as "missing" until he returned. Hts buddies, who saw him mortally wounded, were to fay the least, surprised, he remembered. While on the deslroyer. however, he had written hk wife not to worry ?ud thc letter was dated Dec. 16. day after Ihe time he was supcued to have been lojl. Siie received the letter before the War department arrived. Lieutenant Bell, In his second Arawc, walked into a and for a cd Jail ahead and ran into Its prop- wash as his wheels ncarert the ground. For a mrmlcnl he coiilrol and Ihe big ship almost Then (lie took hold and the for- Ire-is careened off Use straight for thc control tower. But Sommcr gave her the gun and fought (he plane into the air, barely clearing the control tower where the commander of thc en- tire eighth air force stood. Witnesses said Coollttlc look vir- tually no notice of his narrow es. cape, but congratulated the return- ing was the object of his visit. landing on mortar concentration ycek was the victim of amnesia According to what one of Jits cor porals told him. he fell in'.o s liol. stocd up and when a assured his men he was r.oi r _ "The first thim! r knew, i Denver Race in Injury was diagr, >s cere- DENVKR. March 7 un- a iioir. if hurt. Wuertele Leads in r> conclusion. Although lie said or.c Ice I count of lime up at the front he esunwicd he was up there three days before being Injured. "Up at (rent, you are plenty scared." Lieutenant Bell cmphajiz- ed. "You arc Ihlr.sty, but rot hun- You don't get much fleep as the Japs are moving around at nieht in your own area and arc apt to climb right In your fox hole. "At (Irsl I was excited, going in See ABILENIAN, pf, 7, Col. 3 returns received from nearly Uie city's precincts. Msj Carl E. Wucrtcle. bcmcdallcti Demo-, cratic candidate, tonight held 700, YORK. March Parley Set for Oil Troubles WASHINGTON. March An Anglo-American conference on world oil problems Is scheduled for Washington soon, it n-ss disclosed here and In London today. Tills second in the series of dis- cussions between the two nations on various problems of post-war eco- nomic policy was announced by Acl- iig Secretary of Stnte Edward R Currency questions already have uccn discussed and conferences with Britain mui cilicr United Nations on Monetary matters, trade avia- tion nnrl shipping are in various stages of preparation. Secretary of Stnte Hull Ls to head he committee of sis American policy makers named to conduct the petroleum talks for this country n'ilh petroleum administrator Har- old L. Ickes as vice chairman While StettlnliLs said all petro- leum questions of mutual Interest to Ihe United States and Britain could be brought up ai the talks it is, expected that thc rich fields of the near east, where both British and An-.crlc.in firms have conces- sions, will form thc major topic. There have been reports of Brlifeh opposition (o Hie projected Ameri- can pipeline from tlic Persian gulf to ihc Mediterranean since the 1250 mile lir.r would offer competition to the nritlfii line running from Kirkuk In Iraq io Haifa in Pales- llr.c. The American petroleum Induslrv war council has bitleriy condemned i wi .nil i indicated it was the 'mans who considered that they had encountered a catas- t'-ophe, but the British infor- mation ministry's counter pro- paganda division confirmed tnc expanded quotations The Marauders hopped the chan- nels "rocket gun const" ln the wafcc of night fleels that smashed targets at Trappes. 15 mlK of Paris, serving the the pipeline plan is an opening wedge for government Intrusion Into thc oil business. It has been an open secret for or over a month that Ihe Anglo Ameri- can confercr.ee would be held short- ly and tilth sources- have said an attempt KouJd be to reach a common policy on Ihe orderlv de- velopment of the Arabian fields. Tokyo Reports Two Raids on Bangkok vote lead over his Republican busl- r.ewnian opponent. Dean M. Gilles- pie, In the Denver special congres- sional election. Seventy-nine precincts out of <0fl gave Wutrleie 7.646 votes and Gll- T- 1 r-, nil- Tokyo Domel psmcy satd today In an overseas wireless dispatch that "formations of nwmy aircraft" had carried out two raids On Bangkok, capital of occupied Thailand, dur- ing the night, causing "slight dam- age." The le-sptc As additional returns were to- uted. Wuoitclc ovcrc-imc a Klllll. ,mrac up by Gillcspic in Die cirly dhtcly rrpiils.fl by Japanese fight counting. tr piancs anti-aircraft fire. ralderr. whose nationality Icsdj na.s not Klven. were declared imme- Schweinfurt and Regensburg i ina main line route to fortifications at defenses were "Shi and laken by surprise-not a single bomber was lost. But thc success of tlic first attack by U. S. bombers against Berlin-proving (hat the Eighth Air Force could lilt Germany's best defended target by 'daylight- overshadowed today., operations. Tlic mission look a record toll of four-cnglned bombers, plus n fighters, but American sharpshoot- cr airmen bagged 176 German planes-83 falling to gunners abwrd the Mg Liberators and Fly. Ing Fortresses, and 83 to ercort pilots. Tlie only higher pre- vlous single day's bag was the 301 Germans downed last Aug. 15 on the Scl attacks, The bombers-estimated at 850 strong-plunged about tons of bombs on the German capital. Tills was on lop of the tons dropped by thc RAF in 15 missive nifht- blows since November 18. By tonight, the German radio nad reluctantly admitted that "sev- eral hundred" of (he fO'.ir-engincd craft had reached Berlin through tht walls ol flak clouds of de- fending fighters, and the Germans chimed as many as 140 raiders downed, including 118 b'.g bombers. The ability of the day bombers to reach the capital and do a thor- ough Job of bombing cheered the British man In the street, who Is r.ware that a new phase of the air war-perhaps the final de- veloping as Ihc Allies reach farth- er and farther Into Germany by day and British newspapers were enthu- siastic about the success of Ihe Mid. Neutral countries were im- pressed. The German radio said the Americans dropped leallets telling of the disaster to tlic 10 German divisions wrecked in the Korsun trap In Russia. Eye-witnesses arriving In Stock- TOlm said a great many fires sllll burned furiously in the German capital In the wase of the daylight air bombardment. Returned "trav- elers y.-M thc city was under at- :ack for 90 mlnir.es during 'the. iwo-hoar alarm, four waves of Ameiican bombers arriving at in- ervals of 10 to 15 ;