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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 6, 1944, Abilene, Texas m=a die Abilene Reporter -Beton even™ FIRST IN WEST TEXAS    ~    -    ^     *----- ---------- -WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE STEICH YOUR WO RLD EXACTLY VS IT GOES’-Bvron VOL. LXIII, NO. 263. A TEXAS 2-^ NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 6, 1944 —T£N PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press (U.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Doughboys Go in Action on Burma Front PEO CROSS WORKERS TOE MARK FOR GUN IN FUNDS-RAISING RACE Business transactions for the Taylor county Red Cross drive were to be transferred from temporary headquarters in the Abilene chamber of commerce building to the WAC shack on the federal lawn today, and contributions were to be received at the windows at 4 p. rn. as a preliminary part of the campaign officially opening in Abilene tomorrow Workers are “geared to the limit and ready to launch the drive in high” Tuesday morning. County Chairman Ed S. Stewart said here today. Quotas were to be marked up late this afternoon on the chart set up bv the shack, with first contri butions to be posted Wednesday. Already two communities in Taylor county have surpassed their quota and Stewart expressed his opinion that Abilene should begin its part of the campaign with great enthusiasm, following the opening parade today with Army and civilian personnel participating. View community yesterday reported it had already topped its <300 quota for 1944 and was still going for more money Trent surpassed its goal on Saturday. * * * The parade, the inaugural feature of th“ entire campaign, was to start at 5 p. rn. and was expected to last for an hour. Stewart said he expected 50,-000 persons to see the three-mile procession which was hailed as one of biggest ever to be staged here. Visitors were believed coming from every community in Taylor county and from neighboring counties. Will Watson, general chairman of the parade, said the units would form at Fifth and Chestnut, passing over many blocks of the downtown area in a procession that will take at least an hour to pass any given point. In the parade will be an elephant, with a Red Cross nurse riding on its head, a truck of monkeys and trees, several battalions of white and negro soldiers from Camp Barkelev, IO bands and corps, tanks, jeeps, peeps and other equipment from the 12th Armored division, and hundreds of Red Crass flags. Hardin-Simmons university's six white horses with girl riders and 40 members of the sheriff's posse will make up the only mounted portion of the parade. Virgil Waldrop, chief of police, said traffic officers early in the afternoon will clear all parked vehicles from streets over which the parade will pass and no autos will be permitted to travel on the streets during the parade hour. He asked cooperation of car owners in carrying out the objective. The parade will move from Fifth street north on Chestnut through the underpass, north on Pine to Fifth, west to Cypress, south to North First, and west to Hickory. Iii charge at all times in the WAC shack to take contributions will be Mrs Andy Zelenack and several volunteer assistants. On hand also bill br B. R. Blankenship, vice-chairman of the Taylor county campaign. Both chairman are confident that the quota of $69,000 for the county w ill be reached, but Stewart said yesterday "it isn’t going to be easy unless every person participates as he should.” Berlin Gets Hard TURKEY LEAVES DOOR OPEN TO ALLIED ACCORD Vpru StFOnG Yank ANKARA, Turkov. March 6 — < J>. j Suspension of British-Turkish Tanin declared that “Turkey will *    \/■ I ^  - ■ «       1    _    n    ii.    -    I    _.ills h.mm    IA    n fiirnv Knnf ta ni'ncciiro ’*    I    * Forces Pound City ANKARA, Turkey. March 6.— P) -Two Istanbul newspapers left the impression today that a new Turkish understanding with Britain still is possible despite an announcement that shipment of lease-lcnd and war supplies from England and the United States has been stopped "The policy of the democracies is our policy,” said Vatan. "It is not true that the .*’ies can do nothing in the Balkans bccalse we will not move. The truth iv that we will not move because we will not move. The to land In the Balkans." Suspension of British-Turkish military talks was disclosed Feb. IO Tanin reported that aviators and technicians sent to Turkey by the British and American armies were preparing to leave. He said that, while the flow of military supplies from Allied sources had been halted, shipments of rubber and tin would continue. • Aw (In London, the Daily Mail quoted the Morocco radio as saying it understood a Turkish military mission would leave Ankara soon for London* Tanin declared that “Turkey will never bow to pressure.” Likewise, the Ankara radio deplored what it called bitter comment of the British press on the turn in Turkish-Bri *■ relations and declare that any attempt to bring pressure on Turkey “would bring exactly the opposite effect.” ("It would add to the seriousness of the situation which at first was only a small the broadcast said ogical mistakes may have disastrous consequences.”) * Anzio Hun loll to 24,000 BEACH BAHLE DISRUPTS NAZI INVASION DEFENSES ANZIO BEACHHEAD. Italy,, trout with second class troops and March 6- V -The Germans have Iwere moving such unite-like the , „„„„„    ...    ,    *.    !    114th division—into the line, it was suffered 24.000 casualties rn three learned abortive efforts to wipe out the Al- j *    ' , lied beachhead below Rome and , The-V Planned to move more crack the hard fighting of the past month I    amon8 them the Hermann has disrupted enemy plans for meet- LONDON, March 6.—(IT)—A mighty armada of Aliter* ......... ican warplanes assaulted Berlin today in the first mass day- misunderstanding.” night raid of the war on the German capital, and tile Nazis said one of the greatest air battles in history was raging over all northwest and central Germany. The first official reports, based on radio advices from the big bombers of a “very strong” fleet, indicated that the American raiders—thwarted by weather only Saturday in an attempt to deluge Berlin with bombs—had scored a great success today. Stunned bv the impact of the onslaught, Nazi propagandists were silent until United States headquarters had announced tilt) historic operation. Then they burst into a frenzy of claims that German defenders had swarmed to tile defense of their capital with everything at their command. , Heavv fighter escort & accompanied today > fmmwliyns on the round trip of more than 1.100 miles from British bases. Thus Berlin, already seared by massive RAF night assaults, was brought under destructive hammer blows failing by day and night.    *    . The heavv bombers raced to Berlin as Allied medium and fighter-fcombers attacked northern France—where Prime Minister Churchill said the Germans were^preparing rocket mg > and robot-plane installations    ^ —for the fifth successive day.    Alt' Last night RAF Mosquitos at-    All    DQ    I    I    IC tacked w es t e r n Germany WITH AMERICAN FORCES IN BURMA. March 5.— (UP) — (DeLaved) — American veterans of the Solomons and New Guinea campaigns, go- ; ing into action un the Burma front for the first time. have smashed a Japanese force in the Naga hills sector after a 200-mile forced march through the northern Burma jungles, it was disclosed today. The surprise thrust trapped a force of some 2,00ft Japanese between the American column and Chinese troops striking eastward through the Kukawng river valley and a major battle was believed imminent. Sweeping wide around the Japanese flank, the Americans slashed I their way IO miles behind the en-| emy lines and seized the village of I Wilawbum after a brief clash with the Japanese garrison. The surprised enemy defenders suffered relatively heavy casualties. American losses were described officially as very light. The main Japanese force bottled up between the American and Chinese columns, however, was putting up incrrasingly-stiff resistance in an effort to break clear of the trap. Tile Americans, commanded by Brig-Gen. Frank Merril, struck directly across the Naga hills from the Indian frontier, presumably following the new Lerio road being built across northern Burma under WAR AT A GLANCE By the Associated Tress GERMANY—American heavy bombers hit Berlin district for second time. ITALY—Allied troops repulse small attack against beachhead. PACIFIC — 14th air force bombers bag 30 to 50 enemy planes on Hainan island raid. RUSSIA—New Red drive into Ukraine routs 12 Nazi divisions. A HTH I . S. AIR FORCE FORWARD BASE IN INDIA, March I — (Delayed) — (AP) — The Japanese have organized a hand of gunmen to kill American officers, especially fliers, offering a bonus of 700,000 t hi-nese dollars ($35,000 in American exchange) for the assassination of a colonel or officer of higher rank, Chinese military authorities have warned air force personnel.    , the protection of Ll Gen Joseph W. Stilwell* American-trained and equipped Chinese forces. (The dispatch indicated the troops were arm) units, describing them only as "U. S. infantrymen" who had participated in the New Guinea and Solomon islands light ing tho expected spring invasion across the English channel, an authoritative source said today. More important even than the heavy manpower losses from a strategic point of view is the fart that crack divisions which had been • earmarked to mret Gen. Eisenhower’s invasion are tied up in Italy. The Germans had decided that because of natural advantage^ of terrain thev could hold the Italian Reds Cut Vital Nazi Rail Line % MOSCOW. March 6 — .fl*)—The Firsi Ukrainian army, rolling southwest in a new offensive under Marshal Gregory K Zhukov, appeared today to have cat the Odessa-Lwow railroad, last important German line of communication out of southern Russia. In the third day of their power drive, the Russians were fighting their way into Voloch-isk, railway junction just east of Tarnopol, Soviet dispatches said. With that railway line neutralized, the Germans would be forced to divert their southern rail traffic through Rumania. Twenty .salvos from 224 guns thundered in Mascow in celebration of the new victories, announced by Premier Marshal Jaseph Stalin in a special order of the da> and by two Souet communiques. Stalin disclosed Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov was commanding the First Ukrainian army in the drive, replacing Gen. Nikolai K Vatutin, who was reported ill. The announcements said at least 6.000 Nazis already hair bern slain in the push, which cracked German defenses on a 112-miles front and surged forward up to 31 miles. The German communique yesterday admitted breakthroughs and a Berlin broadcast said the Russians were atta) king with at least 12 to 14 rifle divisions and three tank corps-more than 200.000 men. The Soviet bulletin also announced that far to the north, where the Red army has established a bridgehead across the Narova river in Estonia. the Russians improved their positions. The communique made no mention of the fighting at Pskov, gateway to the Baltics, where the Russians last were reported five miles north and east of the rail hub. Goering division, the 26th panzer di-1 vision, the 15th and 29th panzer j grenadiers and the 90th light ‘infantry, to the channel coast. The j I Goering division was in fact already aboard trains when the unexpected landing at Anzio compelled the Germans to retain all such di- j visions in Italy and bring in more s troops from northern Italy, Yugo-1 slavia, France and Germany. The Italian campaign is engaging I 19 German divisions, of which IO, arc around the beachhead and re- I quiring big replacements to make up for looses in killed, captured and wounded.    * * * * Fewer German divisions are now in the Balkans. A considerable part of this force is being engaged by Marshal Tito’.s Partisan army while general unrest In the region makes t heavy garrisoning of other coun-( tries necessary. j Some divisions are held in north-I em Italy to k* ep order. Another I sizeable force is tied up in .southern I Fiance to meet the threat of an invasion of the Riviera. Throughout I France many troops are required to keep resistance fighters from gaining control. Bad weather is holding up present Italian operations. I he defense of the C assino area now is mainly in the hands of parachute troops and the Germans are further strength- See IT ALV, f*g. 7, Col. 6 The Weather I’.S.DEPARTMENT OI COMMISCE W I ATIK K III Kl SI ABILENE and Vicinity: Partly cloudy and colder todaj; fair and colder tonight: temperature near freezing fre«h to strong winds today. EAST TEXAS Partly cloudy this artemon except cloud' with thundershower* in extreme east portion this afternoon. Cooler in interior, generals fair I and colder tonight, lowest temperatures j near freezing in northwest portion and in Red Rever valley. Tuesday generally fair cooler south and east portions. WEST TEXAS- Fair this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday colder this after noon and tonight lowest temperatures 22 26 degrees in Panhandle and South Plains. 26-32 degrees in upper Pecos valley and near freezing in El Paso area and Big Bend country. Highest temperature in last 24 hours: *h Lowest temperature in last 24 hours 44 TI MPI KATI RTS Army Holds Up Race Pamphlet WASHINGTON, March 6 - JP)- The house military committee clos ed the books today on a secret investigation of army plans to distribute 55,000 copies of a pamphlet on racial equality, but kept an eye on a government warehouse to make certain that the books stay there. Titled “The Races of Mankind,” the pamphlet was published by the Public Affairs Committee, Inc., of New York City and was prepared by Prof. Ruth Benedict and Dr Gene Weltfish. identified on the title page as associated with the department of anthropology of Columbia university. * * * Chairman May (K-Ky> said the War department abandoned plans to distribute the book in connection with its orientation courses after , the committee threatened to "ex I pose the motives behind this book. The purpose of the pamphlet, he declared, was to teach racial equality, especially the equality of white men and negroes. What irked May and other committee members was what the Kenturkian said was a claim in the book that surveys indicated the average negro in New York, Connecticut and Massachusetts was the intellectual equal of the average white res-resident of Kentucky, Arkansas and Mississippi. Because some of the material was found inadequate, the army said, the book was not distributed and the 55,000 copies were stored in a warehouse. The decision to hold up distribution, spokesmen added, was made before the committee investigated. without loss. In London, Dingle M. Foot, parliamentary secretary of the Ministry of Economic Warfare, told a luncheon that when resistance in the air is overwhelmed "the destruction of German war industry will follow on a far greater scalr than achieved in the last few weeks.” Last Wednesday was the only 1 time in the last eight days that American heav\ bombers have not gone out. Successively, they bombed the Pas de Calais area. Brunswick, southwest and northwest Germany, and yesterday hit nazi air bases in southern France. The bombers and fighters yesterday knocked down 27 enemy planes. Despite the Nazis’ reports of the great battle they put up the first group of escorting Mustangs to come back reported encountering only about 50 German fighters -about one-twelfth the size of some forces the Germans have put up -and said the Germans refused to engage them. "So we wrnt after them,” recounted LL Col. George R. Bickeil, of Nutley, N. J., who led the group. “I think we shot at least eight down.” "We made our rendezvous with El the bombers on schedule,” said Bick-ell. “The flak was fairly heavy but we managed to dodge it. I got one ME-109 ion the outskirts of Berlin* on the way in " Reported by Foe LONDON. March 6--H P) — The German DNB news agency said today that one of the greatest air battles of the war began at 11:30 a. rn. (Berlin time) over the whole of northwestern and central Germany. The radio said the air raid alarm sounded In Berlin just before I p. rn. (7 a. in . t VV l l The Americans took a direct course to Berlin, the Germans said, and "during their incursion were continually pressed by the strongest forces of German fighter and destroyer aircraft, and were forced to use fresh evasive maneuvers by the fire of hundreds of anti-aircraft batteries.” “The attack had been expected by German anti-aircraft defenses after the first two American daylight thrusts had failed.’’ the Berlin radio continued. The Nazi radio admitted that “a major part of the enemy formations were able to reach the capital” half an hour afler issuing a tentative propaganda rlaim that the American bombers “were scattered in several groups and driven off to the south when they reached the outskirts of greater T-rlin.” Meanwhile, a New Delhi communique said ground fighting subsided in the Arakan and Kaladan valley .sectors of western Burma where the British 14th imperial army was striking southward toward the port of Akyab. British patrols thrust into the J Japanese lines on the coastal plain south of Maungdaw, inflicting casualties, while Japanese ai tillery opened up on British forces drawn j up before their main positions around Buthidaung. RAP and American bombers struck repeat dly at enemy targets throughout the Burmese front, with I tile American planes attacking troop concentrations, supply lines and airfields in the north Three^ Allied planes were lost in the wide-j spread attacks. Labor Spat Closes Bridges Over Falls NIAGARA FALLS. N. Y . Mardi I 7__,/P)—Traffic across rainbow bridge at Niagara Falls and the International span of Thousand Island bridge at Alexandria bay was resumed last midnight when border I patrols withdrew and customs inspectors returned to tile city, Tile spans were closed \ esterday for the second consecutive Sunday as bridge owners remained firm in their determination not to pay customs inspectors overtime for Sunday work as requested by tile U. S treasury department following a U. S. supreme court ruling that they were entitled to such pay. CURTAIN RISES ON NEW WAR THEATER—American troops have put in a surprise appearance as the Allies raise the curtain on a new war theater in Burma. The Yanks were disclosed to have struck through the northern Burmese jungles to trap a Jap column in the Naga hills. Disposition of British and Japanese forces are indicated bv their flags. Hainan Raiders 50 Japanese ap CHUNGKING, March American Mitchells of the force, c.scorted by fighters rd from 30 to 50 enemy aircraft in the air and on the ground in a raid on Kingshan airdrome in the northern part of Hainan island Saturday, a communique from Lt. Gen. Joseph w, Stilwell* headquarters said today. 14th air drome at destn 10,515 Countian Clear Poll Taxes Taylor county's poll tax payments for the 1944 voting year reached 10.-525, Pat Patterson, tax collector, officially reported to the Democratic executive committee today. In addition tilt re were 285 permanent and 154 temporary exemption certificates issued. Permanent exemption certificates are Issued persons becoming 61 prior to Jan. I of the voting year. They are required oui' in cities of 10.000 or more population and a“e valid permanently. Temporary exemption are issued in the 21-year age range. The Mitchells also struck the air-Chengmai in northern Thailand today and destroyed eight twin-er .nee! and one single-en-gined aircraft on the ground. l ighter pilots of the t hinese-—• American Ming claimed 13 Japanese planes definitely shot down in the raid on Hainan island while American pilots were credited with four, besides a number damaged. Other Mitchells on a Lightning-escorted sweep up the Yangtze river scnk a river freighter and a tanker and shot down four more Japanese fighters. Japane.se airmen bombed an advanced American airdrome near Suiehuan, the communijue said. One Allied plane was lost in all the operations. tit NEW YORK, March 8— V —The Tokvo radio announced today that 20 Allied bombers and fighters had attacked the port of Holhow- on Hainan Island off the South China coast Saturday. i The bren-least, recorded by U. S. government monitors, said Japanese naval planes had intercepted the raiders and asserted that only minor damage was done to ground instal-I lations. Business Is Slow Yesterday* American operations was executed by strongly-escorted forces of Liberators which struck into southwestern France to bomb the German air base at Cognac and other targets in the vicinity of Bergerac. A communique last night said good results were achieved. Taylor county ( curt got off a slow start this morning with no caser, called by Judge Carl P. Hulsey. Tile Judge ordered the jury recalled for 1:30 this afternoon when he will complete setting the docket. Winds on Gulf Patterson county* p< was estima Tile paid p tion certif ii the known and the ta &t»-rs hold ii HOUSTON. March 6.—i7P>—Wind gusts up to 30 and 35 miles an hour rn Abilem are expected today from Browns- j llene will Ville to Port Eads, La , the United 2.000. pointed out Taylor item nil voting strength rd to be at least 13.000. ill taxes and the exemp ates for this year runs total to around 11,000 x collector expects old-ig permanent certificates and those outside of Ab-KJo.st the figure another States bureau reported. Illinois Officer Killed in Crash ARMY LIEUTENANT RUNS WILD WITH GUN, SLAYS I, WOUNDS2 In 1942 ti: es paid aiu were issued were 9,088 poll tax-1940 8,688 receipts Colder Weather Forecast Tonight Finn Peace Envoy To Go to Moscow Mon Sun A M. Hour PM STOCKHOLM. March 6.— ZP -The Stockholm Morgontidningen in dicated today that Juho Paasikivi, , be shipped to Berwin today. J Second Lt. John Frank Holub of | RIVERSIDE Calif., March 6 JI 1 Berwin, 111., was killed Sunday aft- j — At least one person was killed and | ernoon when his P-47 plane crashed two critically wounded when an ,in the Laney ranch pasture three army officer from nearby Camp miles east of Merkel. His body will Anza ran wild with a .45 caliber sunrise this morning Sunset tonight 65 62 52 4 a 4*i 45 44 43 47 49 49 SI 45— I 45— 2 46— 3 45 - 4 44    5    - 77 47 — 6-    73 16    7—    73 46— 8— 69 48— 9— 66 54—10— 64 58—11— 64 62—12— 67 r up m*1 former Finnish prime minister who so; negotiated the 1940 peace, would go in 221 directly to Moscow to discuss Rus- Ast 1 7o 5« sian armistice demands. 57 56 Elliott* funeral home here charge of local arrangements. Lieutenant Holub* mother is Mrs. Katherine Holub, now of South Gate, Calif. The Iller was reported to have been on a combat training mission The newspaper Dagens Ny he ter suggested editorially that Paasikivi 3i | might win the Finnish govern- ment’s authority    to negotiate the    in his Thunderbolt    ship    when the 45    peace because he    is personally in    accident occurred    The    plane **    good favor with    the Soviets and    plunged into the ground    and    burn- 7 40'    might be able to    get better terms,    ed. pistol last night, police reported early today, Army authorities (lamped a censorship on the whole affair, but Police < (lief Nestor Brule said he had reports that two additional persons had been killed inside the army ramp. The army officer, not fully identified, Is reported to have shot and killed a Riverside policeman named Simpson, after having previously se riously wounded Ray Schiegcl Riverside, w hose car the arm' man is said to have attempted to commandeer. The army officer, a lieutenant, then was shot and critically wounded by Policeman E. S. Colp, Simpson* partner. • * • Riverside police said the army officer, after the asserted .shooting affray inside the camp, took a staff ear and fled from the past, later forcing 8-chUegel off the highway and attempting to seize his automobile. Military authorities took over the Investigation and would make no .statement. We kl Weather f< vicinity pre coming tonii ture near fr Livestock it was too good to last! this island. Sooner Sniper Sets - High Score on Japs (The fold wing story, distributed by the United Press, was written by Sgt. Charles R. Vandergrift, Cincinnati, O., a Marine corps combat correspondent. ( NAMUR. Ku a ii loin Atoll, Marshall Islands (Delayed'—Firing from the protective “V” of a shell-bisect- rd tree. Marine Sgt Frank A. Tucker, of Hugo, Okla.. is believed to have set the sharp-shooting record in the eradication of rhe enemy on ture predict! recast for Abilene and diets colder weather hi with the tempera- ■eztng. warnings were issued Texas, with tempera-d near freezing for to night lr lev. the upper Red River val- Texas Girl Killed DALLAS. March 6. Merrill At least 37” Japs are credited to Tucker by friends who viewed the heap of bodies after the Oklahoma '•harpshooter cleaned out the Japanese trench from a deadly range of 45 yards. Gunnery Sergeant tv. B. Russell, after viewing the recently departed enemy, said he was sure there were 35 to 40. Others, more enthusiastic. claimed the number would run as high as 57. Sgt. Tucker spoke modestly of his France; El well. 23, daughter of Mr experience, and declined to make and Mrs O. W. ElweU of Pittsburg, a statement on his toll. except to Tex , was killed and three other say “I fired 60 rounds, and tried to persons injured yesterday when an make every shot count. * automobile struck a bridge on the He wasn't wounded, but three en-Garland road near here    cmy    bullets    came    plenty    close. \ ;