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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 5, 1954, Abilene, Texas LIGHT RAIN OR SNOW®Î)e Mene toortcr-i0etitó MORNING VOL. LXXIII, No. 262 'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 5, 1954—TWENTY-SIX PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c I Wilson Swings Into McCarthy Probe Row RIGHT DISH, WRONG SEASON—Freddie Lee Watkins, of 420 Washington St. likes his watermelon, even if Abilene did have snow Thursday. The summer delicacy was on sale at a downtown eating place Thursday and Freddie Lee got the last piece, with the cooperation of Staff Photographer David Barros, who traded the melon for a picture. .05 Recorded; More Snow, Rain Sighted Secretary Denies 'Coddling' of Reds WASHINGTON, March 4 (/P)—Secretary of Defense Wilson entered the row over Senator McCarthy’s methods today by declaring: “The idea that the Army is coddling Communists is just damn tommyrot.” McCarthy, Wisconsin Republican, rapped back that “cer-train individuals” in the Army have been “protecting, promoting, covering up and honorablv discharging known Communists.” Swinging into the fray which has blown up a major political storm, Wilson also declared that “too much footsie” has been played with the Communists under past adminstrations. The defense chief said that dur-------- ing World War II, when he was president of General Motors, *‘I wanted to throw some Communists out of the plant, but the Pentagon wanted to make peace.” i .    •* Wilson declined to say who in the Pentagon sought to dissuade him from ousting the Reds. ‘‘I kicked them out and the government was trying to make me Occasional light rain or snow Is forecast for the Abilene area for Friday morning. The U. S. Weather Bureau at Municipal Airport made this prediction Thursday night after snow, totaling .05 of an inch of moisture at the airport here, blanketed much of W'est Texas earlier in the day. The Thursday morning snow was the first to fall here so late in the spring since March 11, 1951, the weatherman said. The moisture boosted the total well ahead of the total for a similar time last year, but not above the normal moistufe total. The wet spell probably will cease sometime Friday, the weatherman said. His belief was based on a cold high pressure area here apparently moving eastward and a low pre.s-sure area to the west losing its punch. The two areas helped bring moist air northward from the Gulf to trigger the snow, he said. The weatherman saw a good possibility that Thursday morning’s snowfall may duplicate itself in quantity here Friday morning. Little chance existed that the mercury would drop below 28 or 29 Thursday night, he said. The heaviest reported snow in this area was at Blackwell, Winters, Coleman and Sweetwater, where two to three inches covered A heavy snow was reported Thursday morning at the W. A. Howe farm, seven miles north of Roscoe, Ballinger had one inch of snow. Bronte had only one-half inch. A spokesman for the Texas and Pacific Railway Co. said snow fell The total of .05 of an inch of moisture here boosted the total for the year to 1.11, compared with a normal total of 1.79 for the first two months of the year. January brought .93 and February, .13. The 1954 total was well ahead of Thursday from El Paso to Fort i the .66 of an inch of moisture re-W’orth in about the same amount! copied in the first two months of as at Abilene. A bus driver said ' 1953. sleet was falling when he left Waco at 3:15 p.m. Two inches of snow feU along the highway from Jonesboro to Comanche, the driver said. Midland recorded .05 of an inch of moisture, which fell as snow and rain. In Abilene, the wet snow began falling at 7:30 a.m. and continued until a few minutes past noon, the weatherman said. The highest temperature during the day was 35 degrees recorded a little after midnight. A light freeze continued most of the time after sunup. WEATHER TAKES TOLL Slate Patrolman Killed Near Lubbock on Snowy Overpass By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A highway patrolman was killed and five persons hurt late Thurs- pass was ice-slick. Sleet and freezing rain was falling. The patrolmen parked on the day in a weird pileup of seven overpass. Posey directed Murphy cars on a snow covered    overpass}    and Cornelius to go to a "safety near Lubbock.    1    island” in the center of the over- _________________ ITie deadly auto jam came as | pass and direct    traffic    by    the the ground. In some places, such j snow, sleet and cold rain plastered scene. as    Breckenridge,    the    snow melted | Texas.    1    The pair had hardly stepped onto as    fast as it hit    the    ground,    but j Killed in the smashup    10    miles    the island when the unidentified j clung to bushes    and    grass.    ;    north of Lubbock on the    4-lane'    (jj-jyrpi. of an approaching car slam-! The amount of moisture in the    highway to Amarillo was patrol- j    on his brakes,    his car    swerved •now apparently varied. Colorado    man Felix Murphy, 22. Patrolman j a,skidded broadside across    the City iKid one inch of snow and got .17 of an inch of moisture out of It. Abilene had about as much snow, but got only .05 of an inch of moisture. Sleet which began falling at Seymour at 7 p.m.. had turned to •now two hours later. Bert Cornelius, about 26, was hoS' pitalized. This happened: The two patrolmen and two others. including Capt. E. L. Posey, arrived to investigate a minor collision of two cars on the overpass, which spans a railroad. The over- 'FAIR PLAY FOR ALL' Ike Nominates Chicago Negro As Assislanl Labor Secrelary WASHINGTON. March 4    | President Eisenhower today nom-| Inated J. Ernest Wilkins, Chicago j Negro attorney, as assistant secretary of labor m charge of international affairs, succeeding Spen-; cer Miller Jr.    ' Wilkins, 60. a Republican, told i a news conference he considered his apimintment not so much a i personal honor but one ‘‘to the race 1 represent.” First Time For U. S. Wliite House Press Secretary James C. Hagerty said: ‘‘This is! the first time, so far as we know. | that a Negro has been appointed to a Cabinet or sub-Cabinet post.” However, Justice Department records show that a Massachusetts Negro, William H. 1-ewis, once held a comparable position when he served as an assistant attorney general in 1911-13 under President William Howard Taft. "I consider my appointment an •loquent answer to those who say the American government is not fair to all of its citizens,” said Wilkins, who will represent this country at international labor con-lererces. Secretary of Labor James P. island, hitting both patrolmen. Murphy was killed instantly. Cornelius was tossed into a parked car. His body smiashed into the hood and fender. Before the other two patrolmen could reach the victims, the out-of-control car collided with one coming up the overpass from the See PATROLMAN, Pg. 2-A, Col. 4 THE WEATHER Mitchell praised Wilkins' recent work as vice chairman of the Government Contracts Compliance Committee, established by Eisenhower to en^Trce nondiscrimination rules in hiring workers on government projects. Mitchell, at the same time, dis- j closed that Miller, whom Wilkins is replacing, had been fired. Mit-, chell said he reque.sted Miller’s' resignation. When asked w’hy, Mitchell replied he merely exercised a right to select his own assistants. Miller was named assistant sec-1 retary when former Secretary | Martin P. Durkin headed the department. It w’as reliably reported that Miller, once associated with the AFL and more recently a New; Jersey state highway commissioner, had annoyed the administra- J tion by several speeches abroad. In a speech in the Far East Mil-, ler was reported to have said that Chinese Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek was in a position to gain! a foothold on the Communist-held Chinese mainland from Formosa. The administration reportedly felt this was a foreign policy subject properly within the province of the i State Department.    j V. a. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER Bl'RlAC ABILENE AND VICINITY:    Moitly cloudy with occasional light rain or snow Friday morning, becoming partly cloudy Friday afternoon, Friday night and Saturday: temperatures will continue rather cold Friday and Friday night, but warmer Saturday; high Friday near tow Friday night pear 35; high Saturday In SOa NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS; Cloudy with occasional rain Friday and In southeast Saturday: rising temperatures WEST TEXAS: Cloudy with occasional rain and rl.slng temperatures Friday; Saturday cloudV to partly cloudy and mild EAST TEXAS; Cloudy with occasional rain and rising temperatures Friday and Saturday; moderate to fre.sh east winds on the coast, becoming southeasterly 8at- '^’sOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Cloudy with occasional rain Friday and In east Saturday; rls'ng temperatures, .noderate to fresh mostly east winds on the coast, becoming *o:itheast by Saturday. TEMPFRATCRF8 Thura. A M, 35 ...... 35    .... 35 ....... 35 ...... 35 ....... 35 ....... 35 ....... 32 ....... 28 ....... 28  ...... 39 ....... 30 Tiiurs 1 30 3    30 3:30 4    30 5    30 6    30 7:30 8    30 9    30 10    30 n 30 13 30 P M, 30 31 33 33 33 33 33 31 31 High and low temperatures for 14 houra nded at 6:30 pm ; 35 and 17. High and low temperatures same daU last year: 83 and 30. Sunset last night « 39 pm SunrUe today 7:03 am Sunset tonight 8 40 pm. Barometer reading at 9:30 pm. 38 41. ReUtlv* humidity at 9;30 p m. Dulles (alls For Unlly AgalnsI Reds CARACAS, Venezuela, March 4 UPi—Secretary of State Dulles today called on the nations of the Americas to unite in a "hands off” warning to Moscow against Communist infiltration of this hemisphere. Dulles made the plea before the 10th Inter-American Conference in which 20 Western Hemisphere nations are taking part. In his 3,000-w'ord major policy speech, the U. S. diplomat also spelled out W’ashington’s economic policy toward Latin America. He said private capital—both foreign and domestic should play a major role in economic development. ‘Not Immun« From Reds’ Dulles called on his colleagues to consider Communist intervention as dangerous as an enemy battleship and indicated that strong Red infiltration in any Western Hemispher» country should prompt emergency measures by Its neighbors. Dulles told the delegates: “We here in the Americas are not immune from that threat of Soviet communism. There is not a single country in this hemisphere which has not been penetrated by the apparatus of international communism acting under orders from Moscow. "Because our position has not been made clear, the danger mounts. 1 believe that it is time to make it clear with finality that we see alien despotism is hostile 10 our ideals, that we unitedly deny it the right to prey upon our hemisphere, and that if it does not heed our warning and keep away, we shall deal with it as a situation that might endanger tlie peace of America.” Reds Haven’t Changed Dulles, recently returned from verbal duels with Russia’s V. M. Molotov at the Berlin Big Four parley, said Soviet communism "stands for the liquidation of the values upon which our fraternal association” in America is based. ‘‘It denies the very existence of justice and a moral law. It l>e-lieves that peace is not founded on righteousness but on power. It believes . . . that law is the means whereby those in power liquidate their enemies.” The death of Stalin, Duties asserted, "has brought no basic change in Soviet policy. It remains expansive, not merely out of greed, but because it fears freedom. That was the most distressing aspect of the Berlin conference." The Communists, he asserted “feel that they will not be safe until they have liquidated freedom as a major force in world affairs.” Duties touched on the postwar exposure of Communist plotting in Canada and said that "in the United States there has been a succession of exposures and judicial convictions which prove that international communism plots against our form of government.” Asked if he did put them back, Wilson replied. "No.” Good Healthy Fight On Capitol Hill, McCarthy got word of W’iLson’s “tommyrol” statement just as he had finished giving newsmen a statement saying that the whole uproar amounted only to "a good healthy fight that cleared the air.” He predicted it would not result In a lasting split in the GOP. McCarthy’s first comment, after ^ reading Wilson’s statement, was: j "I’m through with statements j on this matter."    | Minutes later, he declared:    | "No one has ever claimed that the Army as such is coddling Com-' munists.    ! "However, it has been established beyond any possibility of a doubt, by sworn testimony, that certain individuals in the Army have been protecting, promoting, covering up and honorablv discharging known Communists. "I’m sure Charlie W/'ilson will not disagree with that,” he added. Still later McCarthy telephoned reporters and dictated this addition to hi* comment: "I certainly hope that Charlie Wilson and I don’t have to waste time arguing at)out these fifth amendment Communists.” McCarthy said he referred to Maj. Irving Peress, now a New York dentist, whose honorable discharge from the Army has been a focal point in the current hubbub, and several other cases, Wilson, who had been on vacation during most of the red-hot feud between McCarthy and Army Secretary Robert T. Stevens, spoke out on the controversy at his news conference. Bluntest McCarthy Jab His comment represented one of the bluntest jabs at McCarthy by a high administration official to date, but Wilson tempered it somewhat by saying; "1 think the McCarthy committee is bringing to the attention of the country the fact that we do have this (Communist) problem. “If there are any of the main devils left. I would like to see them caught—rather than just the little people,” he continued. “I never had any use for Communists. I not only hate Communists but communism.” WHAT WAS THE TOPIC?—It was oil, of course. Texas Railroad Commissioner OHn Culberson, left, amuses his hearers with a hilarious story Thursday night at a Ballinger banquet. Others in the picture are, left to right, Frank B. Markle, vice president of Union Sulphur Company of Houston, Glenn Morrish, field superintendent for Union Sulphur Co., and Elmer Simpson, Railroad Commission supervisor for District 7-C, san Angeio. (Staff Photo by David Barros)    _ Reds vs. Christ: That's Africa Battle Within five years Africa will have chosen cither Christianity or communism, Dr. Ix>ui8 H. Evans told 8(K) persons at McMurry College last night at the ne*t-to-la»t session of the ninth annual Willson Lectures and the second annual Denison Lectures. The lectures end at noon Friday. The Communists, Dr. Evans saicf, are sending men by the hundreds and thousands into all parts of Africa; men who are dedicated to an ideal, which, though it may be wrong« is more attractive to the African native than no ideal at all. "For their own salvation,” he declared, "we owe Africa a demonstration of the power of Christ, and a manifestation of a Christian partnership in which we look upon the African as an equal and not as a stupid little brother. They measure our fatherhood of God by our brotherhood of man.” Dr. Evans pointed out that unless we recruit hundreds of young missionaries who are willing to give their lives to spreading the word of God to black and white alike, the Africans will have little choice in their selection of an Ideal, and they will chose Communism. “We can get personnel for war, and pay $40,(X)0 per man to kill his fellow man, but we can’t even tind anyone who is willing to give $2,5(X) to send a missionary to God’s batUefront to prevent a war.. Sea related story, page 2-A "I’m afraid of the Communists,” Evans declared, "because they out-purse us and out-passlon us. They’re dedicated to a cause and they’ll fight to the death for it. "Let's give our young people the flag bearing the Cros.s of Christ, lest they take up the guns of war!” Dr. Evans concluded. Earlier. Bishop Hazen G. Werner. resident bishop for the Ohio area of the .Methodist Church, spoke on "Redemption in the Church.” Werner said that Jesus never fails, but the church can fall if the pastor does not present a warm-hearted, vital mc.ssage. "It seems to me our failure lies in the point of our belief." he declared, "a belief that is apparently very vague, and sometimes not very strong.” He pointed out that there are people all about us today who are confused and disappointed because they do not know what they believe. If a church is to be a redemptive one. the Bishop said, it must be united within itself, warm hearted, and open to all who wish to enter its doors. "How can you make your religion attractive if they aren’t attracted to your religion?” he said. 144,462 READERS ARE WAITING FOR YOUR WANT AD! 144,462 daily readers of the Reporter-News give you quick, profitable results on your Wont Ad! These results art yours for as little 08 41c per day on our weekly rate. You don't hove to guess about Wont Ad results! ApproKimotely 20,000 persons ore using Wont Ads to odvon-toge each month. Don't keep your wont o secret. Dial 2-7841 and piece your Want Ad now! Weekdoy word od closing time ts 4 P. M. Sunday word ods must be received by 12:00 Soturdoy. Sunday spoce ods must be received by noon Frl-doy. League Lists C andidates, Refuses New Nominees By H. DON RODGERS I tive of the people of a city of 60,- form of • motion. The weather was cold, and the qoq people,” he said.    Btnion    told Cosby that he could tempers hot at Fair Park auditori-j    p,.hous    to    know who drew *1°^ accept such a motion, where- um Thursday night as the Abilene    upon    Cosby    jumped    to    his    feet,    de- Good Goveriiment League pre.ent- ; “P those by - laws, and when Ihey ed Its caiKlldales for the forthcom-i were voted upon I was a the ina cltv election    meeUngs    last    year, and I don t re- V    tfv.    I,.    soy    such    action being taken.” Less than 100 shivering persons j    *’    „    „ D-r-.—w were present in the chilled audl-j    Motion    Refuted torium as the candidates were i Cosby contended that nomina-presented, and the atmosphere tions should be allowed from the | daring that the meeting was out or order. J. J. Milam, one - time unsuccessful candidate for a City Commission post and a current member of the 45-man advisory panel was as chill as the night air. President James Binion spoke briefly as the "mass meeting” got underway, explaining that the purpose of the gathering was to present the candidates that had been selected by the procurement committee, and not to nominate candidates from the floor. Binion read from the by - laws of the Good Government League. Had Been in Error He then stated tnat he was in error when he had told some mem-l)er8 of the group there, individually, (at an earlier date) that nominations could L)e made from the floor at Thursday night’s meeting. "I’m willing to be chastised for It.” Binion said, "but I was in error in making such a statement before I had thoroughly read the constitution and by-laws of this organization." Hugh Cosby, self - styled spokesman for “a good number of people” at the meeting, was the first! to question Blnion’s decision to present only the candidates selected by the League’s procurement committee. "I don’t feel that only nine men (the number of men on the procurement committee) should pick out tha candidates as representa- floor and then put the request in; See LEAGUE, Pg. 2-A, Col. 5 HERE'S GOOD GOVERNMENT LEAGUE CANDIDATE SLATE The Good Government League named five candidates Thursday nig.it for offices to be filled at April 6 city election. The list was read to the mass meeting at Fair Park Auditorium by 0. J. Hamilton, chairman of the League’s procurement committee. They are: School Board Place 1, Morgan Jones, Jr., (re-election). Place 2, W. Lee Bvrd. Place 3. Mrs. Thomas E. Roberts, (re-election). Cltv Commission North Side—Dr. W. D. Rich, Hardin-Simmons University professor South Side—E. A. Hooper, building contractor and resident of Abilene for 24 years. Previously, two other persons had filed for place 2 on the School Board, incumbent Ollie McMinn (who changed his mind and decided to run again after telling the League he w’ould not be a candidate), and W. A. Dicken- son. Culberson Warns AgalnsI OH Imports BALLINGER. March 4. (RNS)— A crowd of 200 persons here Thursday rdght heard Olln Culberson, Texas railroad commissioner, warn against continued imports of foreign oil. He was speaking at the annual Texa.s Day Dinner in Hotel Central here, sponsored by the Ballinger Shakespeare Club, an organization that began In 1896. Theme of the annual banquet wa.s a salute to the oil industry of Runnels County. Mrs. Dorsey Reed served as toastmistress and program chalrv man. Mayor Charles Hambrick intro duced Culberson, who gave a brief hi.storv of the organization of the Railroad Commission, under the leadership of Gov. James Stephen Hogg in 1890. and the services which It rendered to the peopl* of Texas in the regulation of railroad rates. He pointed out that the legislature placed the regulation of oil and gas under the RRC in 1920, and followed that by giving it authority over domestic gas rates, as well as »rucks and buses, In 1926. “That was to be followed by supervision of the ONE industry of the state," Culberson said, ”.\nd that, of course, was oil." "1136 search for oil is a hard one,” Culberson said. "A new disco vei>, or the so-called wildcat wells, are successful In only one in nine holes. "Chances of finding even a ‘very small’ field are one in 16 tries; for a ‘small’ field, one in 53 tries; while chances for hitting a major oil field are one in 991. •The latter field would produce over 100 million barrels of oil in its life. "When we consider the cost of an average wildcat well, including all of the exploratory costs, and the necessary overhead, we find it to be approximately $90.000; while some cost $500.000 and up to $l million. One then can realize the tremendous investment that has been made in Runnels County by thi -;e who have discovered the total of 1,155 oil wells, and the 13 gas wells which are now in this county. "The U. S. faces a most serious threat to prosperity by reason of the increa sing volumes of imports, that are ever mounting to higher and higher figures. "If we are to provide for our national sc-t urity. and maintain our nation’s economy, we cannot afford to permit the effects of foreign oil import:    to destroy our healthy and vigorous domestic oil and gas prcnlucing industry. "While all importing companies have by word profe.'ised that they do not and will not import oil beyond that which will supplement the domestic production, they have not. in fact, put such a policy into effect," t'ulberson charged. NEWS INDEX SiCTION A Wemen't new»    4-5 Oil news    12-13 SECTION B Sgortt       2-3 Editeriels ........... 4 Comics ........  7 Perm news ......... 11 Rodio 4 TV log.........12 ;