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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 4, 1944, Abilene, Texas it~a=m ®be Abilene Reporter-Bel fljg EVENING _ FIRST IN WEST TEXAS    ^    ^    FINAL - WITHOUT    OR    WITH    OFFENSE    7    O    FRIFX    HS    OR    FORS    VVR    SKK'/    OH    VHI    ?R    WOR!    D    FXACTIY    VS    I    I'    C.OF.S’—R\    mn--WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE IO FRIESDS OR FOES WE SKE I CII YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS 11’ GOES"-B\Ton VOL. LXIII, NO. 261 A TEXAS A-** NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, MARCH 4, 1944 -EIGHT PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press (U.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTSYanks Bomb Berlin First Time =Reds Smash Jo Pskov on "Third Front SHE S FOR DRAFTING OVER-AGE SINGLES, ALL 4 F's LONDON, March 4.—(AP) WASHINGTON, March 4 — (ZP)— Undaunted by the sidetracking of a similar bill and impatient because of “too much talking and too little action,’’ Rep. Clare Boothe Luce <R-Conn), offered a new solution to the manpower problem today, i She introduced legislation to in- I duct into the Army, for limited |    service in essential war activities, «... I A JIN IM,IN    ivian-n    ■+_,    «r,    between 500°0 »nd 200.000 men, J T ^    ’    ,    ,    who would be non-fathers between —Russian troops have smash- the tges of 38 and 45 or 4Ps br_ I ed their way into the out------ skirts of the Baltic gateway j city of Pskov from the East, Moscow announced today, anc! ^'unofficial Soviet reports said the    Germans    have    put    the torch to the ancient Estonian fortress town of Narva as the | Soviets lunge nearer. Red army units now hold pos-^ itions in the environs of Pskov j from two directions even before yesterday’s advance they had plunged to within six miles of the city from the north. Seventeen miles southeast of wa Pskov Soviet spearheads fought * 'their way to within six miles of the Pskov-Warsaw railway, one of two last escape rail routes open to the Pskov garrison, the Moscow bulletin said, and were closing in on the rail town of Ostrov. •J On the Narova river bridgehead j south of Narva, Gen. Leonid A. Govorov’S troops pressed westward against stubborn Nazi resistance and succeeded in enlarging their j foothold on the west bank, killing Elmore than 2,300 Germans within the past 48 hours, Moscow reported Govorod’s troops had previously reached Auvere, nine miles west of Narva, cutting the railway leading to Reval, practically isolating the « Narva garrison. Berlin admitted Russian gains in the Narva area, described the fighting as “exceptionally embittered" and said “the enemy continues to attack without interruption." V) Indicative of the fight the Germans were prepared to put up to hold Psku\, key to what k*left of their communications and supply eystern in northern Russia, Moscow said that “the enemy has transformed ail populated places situated ■ on the approaches to Pskov into 'powerful centers of defense ana is putting up strong artillery resistance.” eYouth Dead in Trador Mishap ^ HAMLIN, March 4—(Spl>— Claude Faulkenberry Jr., 16, was instantly killed here yesterday when the tractor he was driving turned over, pinning him beneath it. A brother, Leroy, 9. was on the trac-tor. and jumped clear. Young Faulkenberry was driving down a country road    when the front wheel of die tractor struck a hole in the road and overturned. Funeral arrangements, to be di-reded by Barrow funeral home, are ^    incomplete, pending    arrival    of Claude's brother Pvt. J. W. Faulkenberry, stationed in California. Other survivors are his parents, Mr. and Mrs. C. R. Faulkenberry, of route one. and two sisters, one ^ of whom is Mrs. Clifford Kinsey    of *    Albany, and other who    resides    in Washington. tween 18 and 38. Tile men, inducted through the regular selective service setup, would be assigned to the Army, receive regular Army pay and wear Army uniforms. They would be used for harvesting, mining, logging, tanning, and other seasonal activities, and in essential war and war-supporting jobs, whenever and wherever needed. “It's time to stop talking and do something.” Mrs. Luce said in an interview’. "So far, all congress has done on the manpower problem is to state what cannot be done." Mrs. Luce said she did not believe congress was in the mood to enact a national service law nor did she think the house military committee. of which she is the only woman member, had an intention of considering a bill she introduced some time ago to create a non-uniformed emergency work corps through the wholesale induction of draft-age non-fathers not already in uniform. The matter of pay for the men inducted and assigned to work under her bill would be left to the Army to work out. but presumably the difference between the Army compensation paid to the soldier-workcr and the prevailing wage rate for the job he does would go to the treasury. Nazis Report Day Raid by U. S. Heavies Turks Blame Deadlock on Arms Allies Refuse Tanks, Planes W # - dlK .. A zt FLAMETHROWER MAKES HIM A “GOOD” JAP—Fire from an American flamethrower swirls around the head and shoulders of a Japanese soldit. \vh». popped out of a hole on Engcdi Island. Eniwetok Atoll, ready to throw a grenade at invading Americans. Flames ended his life. (AP Wirephoto). AMARILLO PAIR SINGS ON FELON IN HUNT SLAYINGS ANKARA, March 3.—(Delayed)— (UP)— Authoritative Turkish sources said today that Turkey asked the Allies at the Cairo conference for 500 tanks and 300 planes as the sole condition of her entry into the war, and that failure to deliver them is the only reason the Turks are not now fighting. Turkey has maintained a consistent policy throughout the war, and her attitude remains unchanged, through she has been subjected to considerable unofficial pressure, responsible quarters reported. They said the Turks arc convinced that the present deadlock over . Barkcley, spent a year of serv WOUNDED IN ACTION — Second Lt. Ray A. Harris, whose wife, Mrs. Katheryn Bybee Harris lives at 1818 North lith, was seriously wounded in action with the loth division in Italy Jan 27. Lieutenant Harris was trained with the 45th at Camp British Advance 9ln Akyab Drive NEW DELHI, March 4 — (#)— British troops captured Japanese positions north and northeast of Buthedaung in their drive on Ak-# yab, 50 miles to the south, in Burma yesterday and held them against strong counterat tacks, today’s southeast Asia communique announced. Strategic and tactical air forces combined in an attack on Fort OWhite in northern Burma yesterday while tactical fighters and dive-bombers struck enemy positions in the Kaladan, Arakan and Mayu areas. The Weather 1.5. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BURE AC ABILENE and Vicinity—Fair and cooler today; colder tonight and Sunday partly cloudy and warmer with fresh t winds EAST TEXAS—Fair tonight and partly cloudy in southern portion; considerably cooler in north; cooler in south j portion today. Fair tonight colder in north, cooler in south portion Sunda\. Partis cloudy in west and extreme south portion this afternoon fresh winds. WEST TEXAS Fair, not quite so cold «in Panhandle and south portion tonight ••Sunday fair. warmer. Highest temperature for 24 hours- -74 Lowest temperature for 24 hours—ap TEMPER ATI RES Sat-Fri Fri Thur A M Hour P M. AMARILLO, March 4—bP)—-Officers believed today they had an important lead in the slaying of Dr. and Mrs. Roy Hunt of Littlefield, Texas, after an Amarillo man had admitted lending his automobile to the convict held in the slaying. Sheriff Bill Adams and Ranger Capt. Maney Gault said last night that the man madea written statement which said the convict visited Twister Strikes Hugo; Five Hurt HUGO. Okla., March 4—(JP)—A tornado which struck the southeast section of Hugo about 8:30 p. rn. last night injured five persons, damaged about 2 homes, wrecked two buildings at the Goodland Indian school near here and left total damages estimated at $75,000, state highway patipl trooper I. W. Manley reported. One of the Indian school structures destroyed was the old Choctaw nations governor's mansion, -a historic state landmark. None of the five reported injured was believed seriously hurt. The officer said the storm, accompanied by heavy rain, destroyed about half the 25 homes in the section hardest hit. Later Manley said he had received a report from the management of the Al G. Kelly circus which has its winter quarters three miles east of Hugo, that a twister—apparently the same as that which struck the city--damaged circus equipment and that practically all the circus animals had escaped, none were wild nature, however. Circus officials reported seven trucks and trailers destroyed. "victory BUY UNHID It A » I I WAI •AVINO! 56 47 43 42 41 39 39 38 39 40 42 Sunrise this morning ^Sunset tonight .... sa— I— 7o 58— 2— 72 60— 3 — 72 61—    74 61— 5— 74 60—— 6 - 72 60— 7— 70 61— a— 62 62— 9— 58 65—IO— 60 66-11— 50 70—12— 58 Italians Call off Protest Walkout NAPLES, March 4— ...Ty-'The Allied control commission has announced that a proposed 10-minute strike of Italian workers in protest against Prime Minister Churchill's recent statements in support of Premier Marshal Badoglio’s government has been cancelled. Leaders of the action, Socialist and Communist parties said that instead of a strike, which had been planned for today, a mass meeting would be held in Naples next Sun-58 day when plans would be made to 33 j circulate a petition. This presumably again would call for the abdication of King Vittorio Emanuele and him before and after the physician and his wife were killed last Oct. 26. The man wa« quoted as saying he tossed a pistol into the Canadian river. The course of the water was being changed. yesterday as officers attempted to retrieve the pistol. The Amarillo man said in his statement that he and another man drove to the river and threw the pistol into the stream. The second man also signed a statement in which he told of going to the river to throw the pistol away. Sheriff Adams said that the convict, who was arrested in Galveston soon after the Littlefield slayings in October, had been held since that time in custody and has been questioned frequently. Dr. Hunt was shot to death and Mrs. Hunt was fatally beaten at their home. Neighbors went to the home when six-year-old Jo Ann Hunt emerged from a closet into which she had been shoved and told them that her parents had been killed. No charges have been filed against the convict, but the Lamb county grand jury at Olton has been investigating the crime recently, but recessed without making a report on its findings. Chile Accepts Farrell Regime BUENOS AIRES, March 4—<7P>— An announcement by Clue accepting the Argentine government o f Gen. Edelmiro Farrell as a continuation of the Ramirez regime with no question of recognition involved was received with satisfaction today in Argentina's official circles. The Chilean action, the first by any American government in connection with last weeks events in Argentina, was announced over the Argentine state radio as soon as ; the news was received. 57 57 8 03 7:39 Solons Shy at Axis Court Trial Pledge WASHINGTON, March 4— r-Wary of disrupting congress with another bitter debate on international collaboration, influential senators today shied away from a resolution which would pledge the United States to participate in the trial and punishment of war criminals. The resolution, Introduced by Senator Pepper <D-Fla)—an ardent advocate of international cooperation—calls upon the United Nations to set up machinery now for punishing enemy leaders and commits the United States to "a full part" the British delivery of war materials to Turkey is surmountable. The non-delivery of the requested tanks and planes is the immediate cause of the deadlock, informants said, adding that Turkey considered such a price small for throwing in her lot with the Allies. • « * The request was made at the Cairo conference among President Is-met Inonu, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Roosevelt, the authoritative sources reported. At that time Turkey was said to have informed Britain that she would enter the war actively when the deliveries of the 560 tanks and 300 planes were made, regardless of other requests for materials which, if delay were unavoidable, could be delivered after the war. If Turkey enters the war at all, informants said, she wants to do so on an offensive—not defensive— basis. They added that British insistence on Turkish bases from which the Royal Air Force could operate was tantamount to offering Turkey an "unconditional condition" which Turkey feels should not be the 'attitude of an ally. * • • Behind an apparent Turkish conviction that the deadlock over the delivery of war materials is surmountable w’as an attitude that the Anglo-Turkish alliance is the fruit of natural, political and strategical factors, and not of an artificial situation. 2 Repatriate Trains Cross Spanish Line IRUN, Spain, March 4.—CAP)— The first two of three trains bringing 366 North Americans out of Germany crossed the Spanish border shortly before midnight enroute to Lisbon and were due in the Portuguese capital this afternoon. The first train to arrive at Irun carried 108 passengers, the second 153. The third has 105. Some had been residents of Europe so long they spoke little or no English. Born in the United .States many had returned soon afterwards to the countries of their parents’ origin in Europe. Members of the repatriated group generally reported that they hrd been transferred from the internment camp to another since their original detention but most sa d they had been reasonably well-treated by the Germans. (The first group of 800 repatriated Americans arrived in Lisbon Feb 25. Thirty seven wounded U. 3, soldiers among them were to be taken aboard the exchange ship Gripsholm today, while the others, including those now enroute to Li.-bon will go aboard tomorrow.) i#c in* Panama and was then returned to the United Sta^s as a bayonet and machine g^n instructor at Camp Howzc and and Ft. Benning, Cia. Last June he went hack with the 45th overseas. reorganization of the government, in preparing for prosecution*, War Chest Moves AUSTIN. March 4 _ f/p>—The central office of the United War Chest of Texas moves from Houston to Austin next week, an action approved by the board of directors in meeting yesterday when Ben F. Powell of Austin was elected president to succeed George A. Butler of Houston. Murder Master Hopes for Stay WASHINGTON, March 4— (AP) —Louis <Lepkc> Buchalter, onetime ma ter of a Brooklyn murder%mob blamed for as many as 80 killings, hopes to win an extension on life today from a court that not so long ago turned him down flatly. Counsel for the condemned gangster was slated to ask the supreme court to save him from going to Sing Sing prison’s electric chair at ll o'clock tonight, but Burton A. Turkus, the assistant district attorney who obtained the conviction against Buchalter. said he would be on hand to enter "rigorous opposition.’’ By unanimous action last June I, the high tribunal refused to set asiae first degree murder convictions of Lepke, and two of his murder, Inc., henchmen — Emanuel <Mendy) Weiss and Louis Capone. The victim in this case was Joseph Ro; en, Brooklyn store keeper slam eight years ago. • • * The trio was saved from execution for the Rosen killing last Thursday night when Gov. Thomas E Dewey asked postponement until "later in this week." The governor acted to give Lepke's attorney time to prepare and file before the supreme 'court today a petition for a writ of certiorari in behalf of the three. The writ was asked on the ground that federal authorities had no legal right to turn Lepke over to the state tor execution at a time when he was under federal .sentence He had been serving a 14-year term on a narcotics conviction when Attorney General Biddle surrendered him to the New York authorities U. S. Air Ace With 18 Victories Killed LONDON. March 4 -(ZP) — A single burst from a German antiaircraft gunner brought down Maj. Walter Carl Beckham, leading U. S. fighter ace in the European war theater, who has been officially listed as missing in action. Beckham. 2 -year-old Thunderbolt pilot from De Funiak Spring, Fla., had 18 victories to his credit. Finns Hold Out STOCKHOLM, March 4.—(IP)— The Stockholm newspaper Dagens Nyheter said today the Finnish parliament had endorsed the government’s position of rejecting Russia’s armistice demands for internment of German troops now in Finland and restoration of the 1940 boundaries. Bv the Assoria ted Press U. S. heavy timbers hurled bombs on Berlin for the first time today, the German radio declared, bringing the shattered Nazi capital under day-and-night American and RAK assaults. U. S. headquarters announced only that the four-engined planes had struck powerfully at undisclosed targets in Germany. The Germans asserted that only a small proportion of the big bombers succeeded in battling their way through to Berlin against stiff opposition, and declared many had 1 been forced to jettison their explosives. U. S. fighters—which paved the way by an offensive sweep over the capital yesterday— escorted the bombers on the flight to the heart city of Germany. The American bombers swept out In such huge force that one American airman declared the “whole Eighth air force was up there today." They flew with powerful escorts. Earlier today Allied bombers pounded the coast of northern France without loss. • * • Berlin has been a goal for American fliers ever since they began operations in the European theater but this was the first time they had an opportunity to take part in the destruction of the capital begun— and almost finished—by the RAF The daylight operation against the German capital had awaited development of P-38 and P-51 long-j range fighters necessary to protect j the bombers along the heavily-de-! fended course to the target, at least 1 575 miles from British bases The bombers plowed through bitterly cold skies at temperatures as low as 45 degrees below zero in their daylight blow at the Reich. “It w’as plenty cold.” reported Lt. L. R. Morgan of Worland, Wyo., a pilot. “The supercharger and the ballturret tailgun froze up." • + « Tile American announcement said that the four-rngined craft thundering into Germany for the third straight day were powerfully escorted by fighters. The big bombers crossed the channel in a tremendous procession and headed toward Germany in See AIR WAR, Pg. 8, Col. 4 • • • Texan Leds First Raiders to Berlin Fifth Blunts Three Weak Nazi Attacks ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples. March 4 (API—Three small German attacks against the beachhead below Rome were smashed yesterday and Thursday as the Naris continued to stab weakly at the Allied lines after the failure of their latest all-out offensive, headquarters announced toda*. A dusk assault against American troops along the Cisterna-Montello road Thursday was beaten hack bv artillery fire and three tanks were destroyed. Two strong enemy patrols probing British positions around t arroceto were dispersed and infiltration attempts in the Moletta river area also failed. I nfavorahle weather curtailed ground operations on all the fronts, a communique said, with action in the < assinn area limited -1 to “normal patrolling and ex- Services Sunday For Slain Nurse Memorial service for Lt. Laverne Farquhar, former Abilene nurse who was killed on the Italian front Feb. IO, will be held Sunday at 3 p. rn. in the First Baptist church at Sydney, it was announced this morning. Chaplain W. G. Ferguson of Camp Barkelcy will be the principal speaker and music will be arranged by Army personnel. Lieutenant Farquhar, 28, was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Farquhar of Sydney. She was a graduate of King's Daughters hospital at Temple and was nurse for five years at the Snow clinic in Abilene prior to entering service. • • • Details of her death are not known, although it is believed she was killed at the Anzlo beachhead when German shells hit a carefully marked American field hospital, killing two nurses on the date the War department gave for her death. All available nurses an<} doctors at Gorman hospital where si*'twas formerly night supervisor Mwvifl ax a delegation of Abilenians plan to attend the memorial service. LONDON. March 4.—«UP)—The first American planes to fly over Berlin—a group of twin-tailed P-38 Lightnings—flew around the city limits of the German capital yesterday without seeing a single enemy fighter or encountering a single burst of flak. “We didn't fly directly over the city," said Lt. ( ol. Jack S. Jenkins of I^vclland, Tex., leader of the group. "We penetrated a little way over the southeast part of Berlin where a hole in the clouds let us soc the capital and then turned hark and skirted the east side of the rity before turning hack south again.” He reported that clouds covered most of Berlin and that that probably was th reason for the absence of anti-aircraft fire. “Tile lack of opposition was almost unbelievable. We caught sonic flak from the other cities we passed over. but none from the big town and we did not get a slnglr fighter scrap going or coming After leaving Berlin we drove on south Retiring TB Head To Chicago Meet Lena Wilson, retiring executive secretary of the Taylor county Tuberculosis association, will speak at the annual meeting of the organization to be held in Chicago, May 9-12. The session has been devoted to Christmas seals and Miss Wilson is asked to use as her subject, We Sold Christmas Seals to the Armed Forces. The invitation came from the chairman of the Public Health section. Miss Wilson’s resignation from the TB association here is ^effective March 31, and although she will no longer be acting as secretary, she is invited by the national organization to appear in behalf to the past seal sale which was termed “very successful" by the association. changes of fire.” The Eighth army repulsed a small Nail thrust in the mountains. Allied officers estiamte that at least five Nazi divisions were used in the recent costly offensive against the beachhead. Three German divisions had previously been identified in the assault, but the Allied command later learned the crack Hermann Goerlng panzer division and the 715th infantry also were employed. The latter outfit suffered heavy casualties in both of th® last two offensives. Since the British and Americans landed below Rome Jan. 22 they have taken more than 3.500 prisoners, a spokesman said. • • • The Allied airforces yesterday struck slashing blows at German communications in northern Italy and in Rome, blasting railways, destroying a number of locomotive! and cannonading shipping and dock areas. Eleven German planes wen destroyed for a loss of IO Allied craft. Spitfires again blasted the Yugoslav coast, smashing two locomotives and machine-gunning trains and Wellington night bombers followed up the blows with a smash at Zara last night. Bomb strike photo* showed that about 2.OOO pieces of rolling stock were In the heavily-hit Lottorio yards, about five miles north of the center of Rome. Two minor explosions and fires, appearing to be I" a munitions dump, were observed at the Tiburtina yards.......... Headquarters declared that can was used to avoid religious and cultural monuments in the EtemaJ City “as in previous attacks.” Tracks were rom up in the Tiburtina yards and bombs set fire tc storage depots and hit nearby warehouses, damaging two industrial plants nearby. About 30 German fighters challenged the Flying Fortresses over the Rome area. The bomber gunners shot down five and escorting thunderbolts destroyed six. French Officers to Lead Invasion Units WASHINGTON. March 4—«T — French officers, trained in military government schools in the United States, may lead French troops in the invasion of Europe and rule liberated areas when Allied military authorities relinquish direct control. That such a plan is being considered, and that tile French officers have been receiving theta* training In this country, was disclosed by the French military mission today. Rioters Convicted Leipzig, made a circle of the to* ii and came on home. DETROIT, Mardi 4 T -Aaron Fox. l8-\ear-old negro, was convicted of second degree murder late to last night by a recorder’* court jury in a case growing out of Detroit's June, 1943. race riots. Vichyife Banks On Giraud Aid ALGIERS. March 4.——Former Vichy minister of the Interior Pierre Pucheu, opening his dftfense against charges of treason, told a special ^French military tribunal that he came to North Africa at Gen. Henri Girauds osm invitation. He called upon the French comma ndr r-in-chief, who had been summoned as a defense witness, to verify him. Gen. Giraud, who received word yesterday of his daughter's death in Germany was not present. Pucheu accused the French Committee of National Liberation of putting Vichy on trial, and then asserted that Vichy prevented German occupation of North Africa and preserved it for the Allies. The former minister said he reached an understanding with Giraud in Frame, October. 1942, whereby Pucheu would come to North Africa, not for a political post, but to join a fighting unit. Giraud Is expected to appear before the court later to substantiate or deny this. MARITAL MIXUP—Sgt. Walter Wr. Barr (left), regular army man on foreign service, returned home to Indianapolis, Ind., on furlough and found his wife (center), who had received a war department report that he had divorced her and was missing in action, had married Robert E. Utley (right). A court annulled the Utley marriage and Utley returned to his former status of hoarder in the Barr home. Mrs. Barr is with Utle>‘s daughter, Martha Belle. (AP Wirephoto). ;