Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 3, 1944, Abilene, Texas
WAR BOND SCORE Over-all quota Total E quota E MORNING VOL. LXIIT, NO. 260 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OK FOES WE SKUTCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, MORNING, MARCH 3, 1944 -.TWENTY 'PAGES Associated Prta (AP) Untied Prai PRICE FIVF, CENTS Texans Get Island Assistance Regain Lost Ground on Beachhead tANK-LED GERMANS TURN WIIH HEAVY LOSSES ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, March 2 Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark, visiting the Allied beachhead below Worae today.after a powerful two-day attack by three tank- led German'divisions, brought out word tonight that the offensive had been repulsed, that ground lost to the enemy had been regained and that the beachhead situation was Industry pf Nazis Hit Anew .LONDON, March A strong force of American Flying Fortresses and Liberators attacked Industrial targets in Southwest Germany ta- lay "with- the help of possibly tilt largest armada 'of lighters ever dis- patched and. another groiip'ot the h'ea'vy bombers 'blast- ed an. airfield at Chartresi 50 miles sputhweif, :of .j j Mustangs along with' Spitfires of the. RAF escorted "the'bombfrB.ipre- Renting inierceptors rose to fe'w German challenge. Mi- Eighteen German .fighters ..Ttre shot down by tht Allied escort, while the bombers1- toll .was not immediately.announced. From -the day's operations 11 bombers and three fighters were 'missing, the American'Air Coiiri- f mand announced tonight. -.The strong assault was. the sec ond phase of (he one-two punch technique developed by the Allied air forces. Exact targcls were not announced immediately, but ths was (he same as that in whicl the RAF last night made a 600- bomber assault on Stuttgart with a record low loss of only four bomb- ers. 'Counting cross-channel assaulis -during the day It was estimated that Jbetwcen lo Allied planes of all types had been flown against German targets since the RAF set out for Stuttgart list nlghl. Returning American filers slid _ thai, as 'an Tuesday's Ions (rip r .to Brunsnirk, today's thrssl failtd to coax up the battered German fighter forcf, and anti- aircraft fire was their only hind- rance. The great force of escorting Al filed fighters completely .bosetl in the bomber formations, so that some bomber crews said they made the whole round trip without seeing a single enemy plane. German bombers attacked Britain I last night, but only a dozen were reported lo have reached the Lon- don area and live were shot down. Hundreds of Allied planes in tlK late afternoon crossed the channel In an operation which appeared to English coastal observers to be an 3 all-out attack on targets on the French coast. ,'London Avenger' Returns, Blasted A U. S. BOMBER BASE IN BRIT- AIM, Flylnf Avenger." turn- Local Nurse Killed well in hand. Ground troops, artillery and heavy bombers rolled back !he third strong German at- tack in the 40 days since the landings. The Allies threw the Germans back ivitli heavy casualties after they had penetrated lor 1.500 yards nearly a mile. into trie heart of the Anzio beachhead defenses with the big offensive launched early Tuesday. The battle raged through Wednesday. Oeii. Clark spent nearly all of to- day with his troops In the fteld going far forward, in one instance a German shell hit the road harm- lessly behind the general'i party on- ly 30 seconds after the officers wheeled by. Upon his return (o.Fifth Army headquarters' Clark said he was convinced thai Allied control of (he brideihead Is now firmly established, and he was enthusiastic orer (he manner In which his men turned back Jhr. attacking fot and then it-nun the last ground. .told British troops' on1 the jad that could theTfatis'jriight np> )adnch.''and he; said'-the' outcoinV'of" We''battle Tuesday and Wednesday if as'I-set- back for the German army. American heavy, medium and dfve bombers in-'full foVce. took advan- tage ol (he .favorable weather to pound German fr'oop concentrations, tanks and gun positions all alorig the batle front from Corroceto to Cis- lerna. Many tons of fragmentation bombs were- -dropped by the waves of attacking aircraft. Amid a relative calm that fol- lowed two days-and nights of sav- age fighting, heavy American Lib- erators and Flying Fortresses swung over (tie battlefield today in clear weather and poured thousands of fragmentation bombs on concentra- tions of weary Nazi troops and on the enemy's gun-positions ringing the beachhead. Trie German! struck this time wllh only abeot half the force they employed In their costly offensive dovrn the. Carro- celo-Aniio highway two weeks ago. With Nail Infantry rldinj on the broad riccks of 60-ton Tiger" tanks, Gfn. E. Bernard Von Mackenscn's forces jam- med their way forward at dawn Tuesday along i 1.000-yard front in the center-of the 10-mile." stretch between C'arroceto and Cislerna. Before the American troops and their curtain of artillery fire suc- ceeded in stemming the Nazi power drive, official reports indicated the enemy overran an important road Junction and was showing flown a highway toward the village of Campo Morto, which is only seven miles from the vital Allied supply port, of Nettuno. The American counterattack, launched at 7 p. m. Tuesday, regained the road Junction. Lavcrne flarquhar, 28. of Abi- lene, was killed on the Italian front on Feb. 10, according to a War de- partment message Thursday to her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Far- quhar of Sidney. Word of her death was telephon- ed by the parents to Dr. and Mrs. W. R. Snow last night. Lieutenant Fnrquhar, prior to entering the ser- vice, had been employed for five years as a nurse at the Snow clinic. No details of the death had been learned, but Lieutenant Farquhar's Abilene friends believed that it was possible Hut she was killed ft the' beachhead when four Ger- man shells hit a carefully marked American field hospital killing tro nurses on the date the War depart- ment gave for her death. She had been prahed In earlier press dispatches as one of five sur- gical nurses with a forward platoon on the Italian fronl. A graduate of King's Daughters hospital at Temple, she' served as night supervisor at Hie Gorman hospital before moving to Abilene. She entered the service in January, 1912, receiving her training at Camp Berkeley and was stationed here until she sailed for North Africa in March. 1943. Survivors, in addition to her par- ents, are lour brothers and a sis- ter. The brothers arc Bill, with the Navy In the South Pacific; Tommy, in the Army; Hubert, M, and Tuf- ty, 12. at Sidney. The. sister is Mrs. Jess Browning of Fluvonna. Board Renames School Heads Principals of all Abilene public schools nere reelected last night at the monthly meeling 'of the city school board. Reflected were Joe Humphrey, as- sistant high school; S. E. Pass, North; Junior high; Holmes Webb, Soujh Junior higli; Ike W. Jay, Alta Vista; John R. Hulto, Americaniza- lion: w. D. Gulledge. Central: Jim O. Balleiv, College Heights; J. M. Anthony, Fair Park; Frank H. Etter, Lamar. M. M. Sheffield. Locust; Mrs'. L. .H. Harrison. Travis; J. P. Borcn, Valley View, and R. W. Staf- ford, negro. L. E. Dudley, superintendent, and Fatherree, high school princi- pal, were reelwted lasl year for idded to the Miss Winifred: the Amer- icanization school. staff 'last 'night, Abilene Officer Wounded Twice 'Second Lt. William S. Pye, 36. son of Mrs. Augusta Pye, 450 1-2 Peacli, was wounded in action, for Ihe second lime, Feb. 9, his mother learned this weet. 'Serving with the Division in Italy. Lieutenant Pye was wound- ed slightly in Ihc knee and is in an Italian hospital, he wrote his mother. For his wounds received Dec. 1; he was awarded Ihc Purple Heart which' he has sent to Mrs. Pye. The first time he was wounded in the arm and leg. His brother. LI. Malcolm L. Pye, 24. is serving with the Army Air forces as communication offi- cer in Australia, according to Mrs. Pye's latest information. Both officers are graduates ol Abilene high school and Lt. Mal- colm Pye was graduated from Har- dln-Sinunons university. He has been overseas since last September. Lt. William Pye. in service nearly two years, has been across since last June. No li troops in nertft tofctinrcrntdfor rtmtindfro (my vould at tndof mrli- ry operotfani r Saves Lepke's Life For 6th Time ALBANY, K. March 2 iovernor TJiomas E. Dewy to- ilghl stayed the execution nl (Lcpkc) Buclialter for the sixth time pending a last-ditch tpprnl of the chief o( "Murder, Inc." lo the United States supreme couvt. Charles D. Breitel, foilnsf) lo Die governor, released stalcniem at p. m. which said: "Counsel lor Louis Buclialter lins advised me (hat he has arranged to make application (o the supreme court of the United Stales for'nrit of cerliorari to be submitted al noon oi> Saturday, March 4. "Accordinsly I have requested WHAT FINNS FACE-Probahle basic provisos' for a Soviet Finnish armistice are indicated on map above, according to London reports. In addition, problems of demobilization o (he Finnish army and questions of war damage would'be settled later by Moscow and Helsinki. 'NO NEW DEVELOPMENTS' Two o! the plane's T.olors quit before reaching Ihe target. Lt, Robert E. Walter of Bryan Athyn, Fa, the pilot, kept going and his bombardier, Lt. George Boyer of fBeevllle, Texas, dropped Ihe plane's bombs smack on the target. Then anti-aircraft shells tore holes as big as your hand out of Hie ning near the fuselage and a piece. British Army Set For The invasion LONDON. March 2-W) -Bri- tain's army, fully equipped and re- i organized for maximum striking force. Is now ready lo invade air- ope. War Secretary Sir James Grigg Is not bcir.g neglected. Grlgg dis- closed that a special British mis- sion had recently visited the U. S.. Australia. N'ew Zealand, New Guin- ea, the Solomns. India and Burma to study the requirements of the offensive against (he Japs. The army in Britain Is now fully mobilized. reported. Equip- ment is adequate to the task, and tore through the Wilh the two remaining engines j smoke the plane straggled along across Germany righting off at one lime Ihc at lack 5 of II Ger- man fighters. Includes potent secret weapons re- developed. Hoover Uninterested MIAMI. Fla., Merch mer Prcsideul Herbert Hoover said today that he was "not interested" In forthcoming elections. Arriving by Pan American clip- per MUY a Bahamas fishing trip, he said he was "only interested now In the lucmslul conclusion of tht May Ask Increase WASHINGTON. March 2 The Treasury may ask empress i soon to increase the national debt liquidation by 50 billion dollars cover tlie mounting deficit caused by war expenditures, legislative leaders heard today. Chairman George iD-Ga) of the Senate finance committee predicted that an Increase from the present limit of 210 billions to 260 billions be sufficient to meet (inartc-- Ing needs In the next Argentine Foreign Policy Unchanged BUENOS AIRES. March Gen. EcMmiro Farrell, acting pres- ident ot Argentina, declared today that Argentine foreign policy would not be mortified and lhat close co- operation with the other American republics was an aim of his tem- porary regime. In an Interview at the govern- ment house General Facrcll, who took over the executive power from President Gen. Pedro Ramirez a week ago in a bloodless coup, indi- cated he intended to prepare the counlry for elections In the shortest time possible, saying it was only the desire of Argentina's present military leaders lhat Ihc people should not commit an error when the elections were held. Clad in civilian clolhing. General Farrell said. "I am occupying the presidency only temporarily, fulfii- Imj a mission which I accepted sK months ago when i was mad vice president." At the outset he emphatically re- jected the Idea lhat his govcnimcnl intended lo change the country's foreign policy, which Includes a re IN FINN CON: STOCKHOLM. JJarch The Finnish cabinet is giving tl peace dilemma "major consider? a Finnish foreign offi the Red army captured, 30 communities to- 35 the great tp while northwlfd'. around' the Estonian stronghold oi Narva Ihe Russians improved their bridgehead snd flung the Germans from several strongpolnts. .The .drive Oslror a flanking attack by the missions cut- ting south of. (he Nail bastion and aiming at tile second of Ihree rail- ways by' Which the Germans might retreat. The first was cut Wednes- day when the Pskov-Idrltsa-Polotsk line was crossed at several points. .Moscow dispatches said Ihe Red army might not wait for mopping up operations In Pskov and Narva but instead might by-pass these towns and plunge ahead toward He- val and Riga, capitals of Estonia and Latvia. The Moscow communique, record- ed by the Soviet monitor, made no mention of the fighting In the Vite- bsk sector of While Russia where yesterday it reported the capture of 30 localities. Dispatches from Russia, however, said Ihc Vitebsk operations carried gical power and the offensive was still to reach Its climax. The Ger- mans' first lines, protecting Ihe al- Jiiosl iurroumlcd clly, were report- ed breached Wednesday. Japs Get Surprise; Los Negros Occupied By MILLIMAN Associated I'ri'ss War Editor Heavy reinforcements came to the aid of outnumbered Texas cavalrymen in Ihc Admiralty islands, and together they began moving forward lo drive the Japanese garrison off Los Negros island, Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported today. The dismounted cavalrymen, who were landed only as reconnaissance troops, were subjected lo night-long mor- lar fire and fought oft continued infiltrations Wednesday night by Hie Japanese. MacArllmr disclosed (hat (he Texans "so completely surprised and outinaneiivercd" the superior Japanese force that "the reconnaissance immediately developed x x x into complete occupation." Reinforcements landed Thurs- day. Scabccs worked behind the firing line pulling Momote Texans Win High Praise For Advance Commissioner Lyons Uoliii A. aij'dronic inlo shape for Am- Lyons, head of ihc correction de- erican warplancs which are parlinenl) to postpone tlie execu- tions of Louis Bach.iltcr, Emanucl Weiss and Louis Capone until lat- er In Ihls week. Under, the circum- stances llicrc is no need (or a re- spite by the governor at this time." At Ossining. Sing Sing Warden W. E. Snyder said tlic reprieve w.is good only until !1 p. m. Saturday night. James Lawson, Dies Here Jame AMI. James S. 86, rcslden! of _ T bilcne since 1908, at p. (OKA SflVS i. Thursday in Hcndrick Mnr.rdal I JUJJ morning papers after a day's de- lay in comment, declaring that-the Soviet terms were unacceptable. The foreign oflice spokesman. asked for official comment, salri there were "No new He denied lhal a Finnish peace delegation was journeying to Mos- cow. .Tlie Finnish afternoon newspaper Ilia Sanomat said Hie published terms were "not suitable as a ba- sis for final negotiations" and arid- crl. "H Russia really wants peace with us it seems lhat Ihcsc terms couldn't be final." Svenska Prc.-ien. which long has been favoring negotiations with Mos- cow, labeled the terms "frighten- ing" and s "bad sign." hospital, following a stroke a Lkr ago. He had been seriously ill ihc jUIUUli past week. Funeral services will be cor.dii'tcd at 3 p. m. today in Laughter cii'pcl by Dr. J. H. Hamblen. pastor of the First Methodist church. Burial sill be in Ced-ir Hill cemetery. Mr. Law.sons family Li 899 Cedar. Bom Oct. 23. 1657 in Tenn' Mr. Law.son was married to the former Dona Alice Jarrett in Ycll- ville. Ark. in I860. They can.- to Texas in 1893. .'cttlins in Com; cent r.iplnre ot relations with Ihe i county nrsr DcLeon. whcrr 'hey More Trailers WASHINGTON. March 2-W Production of house trailers In the nest four months was auth- orized today by the War Produc- tion board to provide dwellings for pipeline workers, bulldhi? crews, mining prospectors and other essen- tial migratory workers. About 100 companies shsrt I the production proitam. made their home unlll moviut here in 1908. Mrs. tiled May 31. 192B. Survivors include four foitt, E. of Richmond, Calif.. E. frA R. D. Lawon. both of Abilene n. R. Lawjon of San Diego; two tcrr, MLw Pearl Lawson of A ilcue and C. o. Atabrook ol Gor- man ar.d one brother. J. W. Lawson of Wichita Falls. Pallbeorcrs will br Arthur Hay. Thomas T.. Hayricn. W. p. Br--.mdJ. J. E Stowf. Virgil and Homer Norman. RANGER. March The Texas Declaration of Independence comnlained (hat Mexico had r.ot provided public schools In Texas and today, said Gov, Coke R. Stevenson here. Texas has more state-support- ed institutions ol higher learning than anv other state In the union. docs ;iot inclt.'dc Ihe lunior college.- and high schools. Steven- son rxplalned. The governor, snr.ilelns on an In- drniMidrncr Day riiocram at Ranprr hl2h fchool. ftaud lhal Ihro-.tgh all i his tttntt! in reri-ice .'tale cxjirnv.1 and balance ihr budget, the tunrts fnr schools, fnr ihr and i the aefri. had not been made an appeal for' suoport of Ihe current Red Cross drive. He was Introduced by Dr. G. C. Bovioll. superintendent of schools! and prc.'lrftnt ol Ranger Junior col- lege. In the evening a banquet was ten- rftrer] thr sovrrr.or Die First Me- thodiit church. 1 36th Initiates New Amusement, Washers WITH THE FfFfH ARMY IN ITALY, March _A game known as is being play- Icrymen ol the 36lh "Texas" divi- sion between fire missions on the Italian fronl. The same was initialed In Ihls area by Staff Sciscant Julias A. Goufal of Temple. Texas, to break the monotony nf the "sweating- out" periods. "Washers" is a com- bination of golf and liorsc-shoc pitching. Melal washers off the ends ol rmply ammunition crates and two lids off ot cardboard shell cases.are the only equipment needed for the game. The case are buried in the ground in golf links, hole-fash- ion, approximately 30 feet apart. Two. ivn-inan le.mis. .11 In horse- shoe.-, play ihc game, each plleh- me Inc washers ?t the lids. R'.ilcs call for a game score of 21 "holcs-in-mir" cmnying five points oach and Ihc closest wash- ers one point. expected lo be using it. before the week is nut. Destroyers moved along the FOU- liern lip nml northeastern shores of New Ireland to shell cape St. ieorge anrt Borpon nncl Xamitansi airstrips. They silenced shore bat- teries and left buildings In flames. Fighters and medium bombers raided defenseless Rabaul on New Britain while In Ihe Central Pacific. Adm. Chester W. N'lmllz reported American bombers hit four useless nemy airfields In the Eastern Mar- shalls. Weak nnU-airnaft fire greeted all altacks. February was (he costliest month o[ the war (or Japanese shipping. Durinj Ihe jhorlfsl monlh of the year 111 Nipponese intf- lord tri sunk IJT can nuriil disclosed today In tlon of Allied represents of mure than six i riay. Destruction of Japanese has been steadily climbing. Tlie January total 128, and Decem- ber 19. Even the number of bargc.i wrecked wfls a record. The Feb- ruary figure wns 223 barucs, Jan- uary 215 and December 206. In February, too, at least 36 enemy craft, Including seven Ing .shins, were damaged. This docs not Include ships hit In the China sea and Indian ocean, M the other totals do. Amonjr sunk In Febru- ary were 25 units of Ihe im- perial fleel. Xaval authorities in IVasbinjInn Mtlmafed yes- Irriiay thai a third of pre-Fenrl flret now Is on Ihe bnllon) the ocean. Earlier in lite ttrrk Secretary nf the Knnt reported Tokyo's shifipiitir losses werr close In half nf her pre-war shipplnic tannage. The Rrltish announced yesterday Iheir stibinarlr.es had p.obably stink a small enemy aircraft carrier, hit a cruiser and sunk Iwo Final! Mip- plv shins off (he Malay peninsula. In the air. too. Japanese losses were heavy In Fclinmry. A tabula- tion of official reports .showed 753 Nipponese planes were definitely dc.strovccl in the Central ami South- west Pacific. By the Associated ITeM Texas horsemen on boali stormed ashore on Los Negros Island, look Hit Japanese-held Momote airfield within hour and half, and the commendation of commanding officer. "Big, braVjlrij cavalrymen, train- ed on the rough ana tumble Texas wrote Olen Clem- enls, READY TO PAY Subicribcn to The Re- porter-News hove been very cooperative in hav- ing the money r e o dy when the carrier boy or ogcnt calls to collect. Subscribers who pay promptly cnoblc the cor- ricrj and agents to make their profit and pay Iheir poper bill on time, move wth .negligible Knonn Japanese casualties In the first tpw hours were 13 dead." At least one boatload of the .at- lackers wnl Into the fray to the tune ol boogie-woogie music played on a harmonica, wrote ClemenU. Tit first assault boat, from a destroyer, disgorged Its cavalrymen on (he beach and (hey peppered cocoaniit trees with (heir rapM-fira guns to clear Oilt snipers, "The second nive started In" aalil tilt correspondent "The mfn wrre laughing Joking. Almost four years Ihey hid btfn Irainlnj for this moment and hcrt It nol so bad tier all. "One of them pulled out a har- monica and played a boogie-woogie I'li'.e briefly. Someone said jome- thin? about their last words and Phil North of Fort Worth. said. 'My last trordu probably will be: 'Quick somebody get I've been hit.' "A fetv minutes later the gunner in North's boat was de- doctflr' Navy 500 Nazis Slain IX3NDON. March 'i Mar- shal Bror tTito' rcpsrtrri in a communique tonight that his Yuto- slnv had wiped out 500 and de.ilt the Nazis heavy blows on other fronts. The Weather ni RI X I.Viri: ftub jnd rnftrtlgrfi Irf- trttpl rvnltr rcldt anil In I ivrth capitated by a shell from shore. coxswain turned the boat around nncl went back to the ship, unloaded tlie body, picked up an- other gunner and dashed (o the beach." Clements was aboard a destroyer, the llaifsliiD of tlie task force. Miirlin Spencer, who saw the In- vasion of the Admiralty islands from the bridge of an (icorllrx warship, reported that General Douglas MacArthur went ashore on I.os Negroes a few minutes after heavy firing ceased. MacArthur asked who wa.s the first man ;horc. Lt. Frank Hcr.shaw of Alice. Texas, Brig. Gen. William told MacArthur. Maj. Gen. Innis P. Swift. El Paso. Texas, commander of the first cavalry dtnston. commended Ihe Texas-trained trooris on the Wand. "On Ihr Wlh annivm.irr of the fifth rciimenl. I'. S. caval- ry, lltf first cavalry ditbion Is proud nf oldest reicunent. Your victorious ronqufst of Ihc Japanese-held airfield adds a lumin- ous page lo Ihe regimental his- tory. "God bless you." concluded Swill. Trie first cavalry division, from Fort Bliss, which was motorized a TIMTI RMIKI.fi Abilene Officers Given Promotions Promotion of Lnrscnt Chisfaln Thompson. 1301 Voscl. to the rank u of captain In Ihc lield artillery, and I Wilson Arnle Gilmore, 3001 South li nth. to first lieutenant in the air corps announced last night by ,K, Ihe War Department. Charles Eu- gene Washbum of Ssn Anscto also advanced to lieutenant ui air corps.