Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 2, 1954, Abilene, Texas
MUCH COLDERMORNING"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
VOL. LXXIII, No. 259Auociated Pre$i (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, MARCH 2, 1954—EIGHTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOc
Bentley Given 50-50 Chance
Burleson in Midst Of Raining Bullets
For Related Stories, See Pg. 5-A
By LESLIE CARPENTER Reporter-News Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON, March 1 — Rep.
Omar Burleson of Anson behaved like a former FBI man — which he is — immediately after the gunfire ended in the House chamber today.
Burle.son was directly behind Rep. Clifford Davis iD - Tenn.) who was shot in the leg. With only two rows of seats between them.
On the same row with Burleson, some 15 feet away, was Rep. Kenneth Roberts (D-.Ala.), wno also was .«hot in the leg.
Burleson rushed to Roberts to try to be of help, but several other congressmen were there first.
Burleson picked up the bullet which had gone through Roberts’ leg and put it in his pocket to save for the police.
Burleson looked for other injured congressmen and saw they were all being cared for, and then he noticed that one congressman was sticking his finger in a hole pierced by a bullet in back of a seat.
Burleson w ent to the House cloakroom to get some tape to place over all bullet holes so that the police could examine them before they wore further damaged by curious congressmen.
A congressional aide assisted Burleson in taping the holes and
Low of 15 Due Here Tonight
March entered Abilene area like a lion — a lion with a variable nature.
The U. S. Weather Bureau at Municipal Airport has predicted temperatures of 15-20 degrees will cool off the Abilene area Tuesday night.
The weatherman said Monday night that a weak cold front was to pass through this area shortly before midnight, to be follow-ed by M strong cold front.
Amarillo and other points in the Panhandle were getting snow shortly before 10 p.m. The strong cold front was just south of Amarillo at that time. Lubbock and Alidland expected snow, the weatherman said.
When March first arrived, the lion kicked up a dust storm which lowered visibility here to two miles at mid - morning. The dust was whipped by winds up to 52 miles an hour.
The Associated Press said Monday night that winds up to 50 miles an hour were whipping snow
in the upper Texas Panhandle. A Panhandle and South Plains; continued snowstorm piled drifts over a wide i cold with a few snow flurrle* Wednesday, area of Ohio, Kentucky and Ten-| temperati bes
iiessce and took at least five lives.
The Abilene weatherman saw little likelihood of snow for this area. His forecast called for clear .skies Tuesday and Wednesday. He i.ssued a “cold wave warning for Abilene.”
Winds here Tuesday will be from the north around 25 miles an hour, he said. The winds may exceed 30 miles an hour.
Rainfall of .13 in Febioiary boosted the total for the year to 1.06 inches, the weatherman said.
This compares to a total of .66 for the first two months of 1953.
putting handwritten “Please don’t touch” sign by them.
“We plugged five holes,” Burleson said Burleson was standing when the shooting started the House speaker had just called for a standing vote of those in favor of the “Rule” for the New Mexican labor bill. Passage of the rule meant the House could take up the bill. The speaker was on the verge j of calling for those opposed to the ' rule to stand.
“I looked up in the gallery when I heard the first shot,” Burleson said. ‘T saw those guns and thought they w'ere all aimed directly at me.” I didn’t believe they were shooting live ammunition. I i thought they were shooting blanks or I would have already been hit. ! I could see the powder flashes as t the guns fired. Then. I saw Cliff ' Davis hit. Then I heard the hard thud of one bullet as it hit an empty chair just to the left of me. By that time it was over. I was just ready to dive for the floor when I saw a fellow grab one of the men with a gun.”
Mahon Thought It Joke
Burleson added: “I wasn’t terrified until it was over, I didn’t have time to be scared before.”
“I had just said to Homer that we might as well sit down, and he said maybe we had better keep on standing as he was not sure we had been counted as voting for the rule on the Mexican labor bill,” Mahon said.
“Then, as soon as he said it, I heard all the poise. I thought it was some kidf in the gallery with some firecrackers. We couldn’t see the guns from where we were sitting on the side. I thought It was just a joke. When I saw some members fall. I realized it was something serious, so 1 went over to the door where I was standing when it ended.”
Mahon described the whole experience as “unbelievable.”
After the shooting, Rep. W. R.
SEIZED AFTER HOUSE GALLERY SHOOTING—Capitol police hold three persons in custody after a shooting from the House gallery that wounded five Congressmen. The woman seized identified herself as Lolita Lebrón. “I want freedom for my country. My country is Puerto Rico,” she shouted. Two congressmen were seriously hurt. They were Alvin M. Bentley (R-Mich) and Ben Jensen, (R-Iowa). Less seriously wounded were Clifford Davis (D-tenn), Kenneth Roberts, (D-Ala) and George Fallon (D-Md.). Rafael Mar-anda, 25 and Andres Cordero, 29, also were held by officers. (AP Wirephoto)
McCarthy, Stevens Meeting Scheduled
See OMAR Pg. 3-A, Col. 5
U. s. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY: Much colder and clear Tuesday. Tuesday night and Wednesday, cold wave warning for Abilene; high Tuesday about 40; low Tuesday night 15-30; high Wednesday 50.
NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Cold wave warning, temperatures falling to 12-22 Tuesday night; much colder Tuesday with a few snow flurries In North; continued cold with a few snow flurries Wednesday.
WEST TEXAS: Cold wave warning, temperatures falling zero to 10 degrees Panhandle and upper South Plains and 10-25 elsewhere Tuesday night; much colder Tuesday with snow flurries In
By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL
WASIHNGTON, March 1 Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) announced today that he and Secretary of the Army Stevens will hold their postponed face-to-face meeting to discuss the Army’s handling of alleged Communists.
But it is expected to be a closed session instead of the ballyhooed and televised meeting which was scheduled and then called off suddenly last week in the midst of a heated wrangle over the issue.
.McCarthy and Stevens’ office both said the Army secretary had agreed to appear before the Senate Investigations subcommittee either
Thursday or next Monday.
The session, when held, McCarthy said, will be a closed door affair unless Stevens prefers to open it to the public. Stevens’ office said the secretary understood the meeting would be closed.
The committee didn’t suggest the meeting, McCarthy .said. He said John Adams, Army counsel, had volunteered a suggestion that Stevens appear to discuss Army policy in the handling of alleged Reds.
‘ Principally,” McCarthy told reporters, “I’m concerned with their three different ways of handling cases.”
Mon. A.M. 41
Mon. P M »6
72 71 67 61 61 60
2 30 .......
6 30 .......
6 30 .......
.......9 30 .......
------13 30 .........
High und low temppratures for 24 hours endfd at 6:30: 72 and 37.
High and low temperatures same date last year: 71 and 53.
Sunset last night 6:37 p m. Sunrise today 7:06 a.m. Sunset tonight 6:37 p m. Barometer reading at 9:30 pm. 37.77 Relative humidity at 9 30 p.m. 19%.
40 45 49 54 00 63
Wild Firing Changed Scene Very Quickly
By HARRY P. SNYDER
WASHINGTON, March 1 (^It’s amazing how quickly a scene can be changed by the wild firing of bullets.
There I was in the House press gallery, awaiting the outcome of a prosaic standing vote on a nile to open the way for two hours of debate.
Speaker Joseph Martin Jr. (R-Mass), standing behind his desk, had ju.st completed a count of members who favored the consideration of a Mexican farm laborer recruitment bill.
Then there was a hurst of gunfire from a corner of the chamber about 80 feet to my left.
It sounded just like firecrackers. Maybe it's blanks, I thought.
Loud Voices At the same time there were loud voices, one definitely that of a woman. It sounded like they cried “Viva la Mexico.”
I stood up, as did many members of the House on the floor be-By DON NORRIS [The board met at 7 p. m, in the Then I saw some congress-
The City Zoning and Planning high school before attending the dive behind their seats
...........’ nL'in rS!‘: «'»er» streamed along the aisles.
tion adopted Monday night, asked,,if* considermlon be given the follow-1*' "«■
Sch(x>l Zoning Debate Lingers
Commission was deliberating late Monday night a policy for future zoning recommendations near Abilene Public schools.
Taking part in the discussion, besides the zoning panel, were the
1. That the school should serve
entire School Board and several residential areas—commercial and local developers whose property j industrial areas districts should be stands to he affected if such a! avoided.
policy is decided upon. i 2. That planning .schools along
The board had reached no deci-, heavily trafficked areas be avoid-sion late .Monday night. It under-|ed.
took the discu.ssion of the general 3. That the school should en-school-area zoning policy oiUy aft- hance the city plan and fit into er conducting its regular business. ] the zoning program.
Introduced at the meeting was a 1 The board’s resolution urged the resolution adopted Monday night in zoning panel to adopt a policy in an unannounced meeting of the regard to zoning of areas adjoin-School Board before the board' ¡og school propt*rties which would
It took only an instant to take this in. I scooted off my stool, down to the floor, safe behind a de.sk to my rear and far out of the line of fire—I concluded later.
2 Men, Woman h<eid After Shooting Attack in Congress
WASHINGTON, March 1 (AP)—Four fanatics seated in the House gallery today suddenly shouted, "Free Puerto Rico!," waved their flag, and then fired at least 20 wild pistol shots that wounded five congressmen.
One congressman, Alvin M. Bentley (R-Mich), was so seriously wounded that he was given only an even chance of survival.
Dr. Charles White, who helped operate on Bentley said:
"The operation was a success. Bentley has a 50-50 chance. He is now in the hands of the Lord." '
Another congressman had a shoulder wound, and three were hit in the leg.
Two gunmen and their woman companion, Puerto Ricans from New York City, were seized on the spot. Police Chief Robert V. Murray said tonight thot they have confessed the shooting, and have implicated a fourth.
The wounded congressmen;
Bentley, 35, hit in the left side below the heart. The bullet went on through, and came out the right side.
Ben F. Jensen (R-Iowa), 61, struck in the left shoulder.
Clifford Davis (D-Tenn), 56, shot through the upper calf of his right leg.
Kenneth A. Roberts (D-Ala), 41, bullet struck left leg while he was seated. It entered above the knee and came out below.
George II. Fallon (D-Md.),
51, shot in the hip.
Police identified the Puerto Ricans a.s members of the Nationalist party of Puerto Rico. Two other members of the party tried to assassinate President Truman in 1950,
Police Chief Murray .said these three had admitted the shooting;
Mrs. Lolita Lebrón, 34. of 315 W.
94th St., New York City. Murray said she has just been divorced.
Rafael Concel Miranda, 25. of 120 S. 1st St., New York CJy.
Andres Figueroa Cordero. 29. of 108 E. I03rd St., New York City.
Edgar E. Scott, deputy chief detectives, said that Mrs, Lebroif had said Irving Flores, 27, of 108 E. 103rd St.. New York City, also was a member of the gtxiup. But .Scott said Flores had not admitted he was present at the shooting.
“Flores ducked out in the confusion.” Scott said, “but we have a witness (Mrs. Lebrón) to his par-ticipaUon.”
Murray talked for a long time with Ivolita Lebrón. He said he’s convinced the four are from the same group which tried to assassinate Truman.
“They’re a dangerou.s group of people,” Murray said. “They are fanatics and it’s going to be a hard situation to deal with.”
Murray said Mrs, Lebrón said they had no special targets that “they were just shooting at random to attract attention to their cause.”
Tom Kennamer, House doorkeeper, said Mrs. Lebron's purse had been taken from her, and in it she had a note on which she had scribbled:
“I take responsible for all.”
On the other side, she had written:
“Before God and the world my blood claims for the independence of Puerto Rico. My life I give for
the freedom of my country. This 1100.000 to cover charges of fel
WO.MAN SEIZED L\ HOUSE SlfOOTI.\G—A woman who identified herself as Lolita Lebrón of VV'^ashington is hustled through a crowd at the capito! shortly after she was seized in the House chamber shooting. She said she was a Puerto Rican. ‘‘1 want freedom for my country,” she shouted.
4 Charged In Assault
WASHINGTON, March 1 OP _ Four Puerto Ricans who fired wildly into the House of Representa-Uve.s today were held in $100.000 bond tonight on charges of felonious assault with intent to kill.
The four, three men and a woman, were arraigned lH*fore Cyril S. I.^wrence, United States commissioner for the District of Columbia.
Lawrence .set bond at a total of
is a cry for victory in our struggle for Independence which for more
Sa* FANATIC, Pg. 3-A, Col. 3
members attended the meeting.
Higher Court Rules in Favor Of lleed Center
resolution that the modern community involves homes, business, government, indu.stry, commerce, recreation, education, and many other inter-related elemenLs, none of which would be properly developed without relating it to all the rest.
... ... , , The School Board divided good
11 I ordinance which would school planning into three areas: allow the building of ^ ' Co-operative planning between par-
center in northwest Abilene by Ca- interested cltlzen.s and
leb Heecl and apociates has been, people: planning for com-
declared valid by the 11th Court munity facilities for use by the
cause all areas taken into the city,
and w-ithin three blocks or l,m Louis H. Evans has an-
feet of any school building, to he “What of Tomorrow”
zoned as residential, under “B ^ the first topic he will dls-
Zone (multi - family residenUal). I cuss at the Ninth Annual Willson The board had pointed out in its Lectures which begins at 8:15
McMurry Lectures Open Here Tonight
p.m., today, in the auditorium of Radford Memorial Student Life Center, at .McMurry College. Dr. Evans, who is .Minister - at-Large for the Presbyterian Board of National .Missions, will deliver six lectures in all, ending at 11 a.m., Friday.
Topics for the Denison I.«c-tures, being held at McMurry this week in conjunction with the Willson Ijectures, have not been announced. according to Dr. Harold G. Cooke. .Mc.Murry president.
TOP SOUTHDOWN—Bobby Penny, Winters FFA, had the first place Southdown or Southdown cross, in the district lamb show Monday. The lamb was bred by Edward Brede-meyer of Winters. Bobby, 17, is son of Mr. and Mrs. R. P. Penny and a sophomore in Winters High School. This is his first year to feed lambs. (See more about livestock show on page 7-B) (Staff Photo) ,
of Civil Api^als at Eastland. | é"7¡;.7 cÓmmümtyr'.nd" pfannini 'Iran.™«
The appeals court upheld the ml-! ,„r edueatlonal faeUitles as to what ing of Judge J. R. Black of 42d ij, how it taucht and airlve in AbUene
District Court in a civil action ,,,, environment needed to ’teach ,?e°Ls Tult 'cómnletrt'í
brought by James Skinner asalnst effectively determined by what the i /r,.^ce! in Teias In*
Reed and others. Skinner had chal- nppH« and wants series ol appearances in lexaa, in-
lenged the legality of the AbUene !w n u f h c ^«8 o"«-* trinity University,
ordinance I ^ ollowing its definition of school San Antonio.
Reed nlans to out un the half school panel said the; At 11 a.m.. Wednesday. Dr. Ev-
miJlion dollar shoDuing center on a i **^8 lour Items should char-jans’ topic will be “How Do You
tTict of land^ ' acterize to the greatest possible Feel?” At 8;15 p.m., Wednesday,
and Grape Sts. and between North environment of every
12th and North 14th Sts.
Considerable discussion had sur-1 L Safe and healthful conditions rounded the proposed development students, teachers, patrons,
due to its location near North Jun- 2. Freedom from disturbing
ior High School. noises.
•4t the lime the city passed the 3. Freedom from obnoxious
ordinance, Ret*d and associates odors.
executed a re.stricted covenant i 4. Freedom from a topography
which has been filed with the coun- that will not create a feeling of
ty clerk prohibiting entrances to' pride, happiness and contentment, the shopping center on the Mer- Jay Jameson, zoning panel chatr-
his talk wUl be on “Why Marry and Whom?” The series of lectures will be continued at 11 a.m., Thursday, with a lecture by Dr. Evans enliUed “What Do You Mean — Christian“*”
"Africa Speaks” will be the subject of discussion at 8;15 Thursday night, at which time Dr. Evans will show a motion picture of Africa.
His final lecture will be given at 11 a.m.. Friday, on “What Will You Do With Your Uves?”
Dr. Joe J. .Mickle, president of Centenaiy College In Louisiana, and a featured speaker for the Willson I.*ctures, will discuss “Christian Higher Education, 1960,” at 2:30 p m., Wednesday, in Radford Auditorium. His talk will he followed by a discussion forum. !
onious assault with intent to kill against the five congressmen Injured in the shooting.
The charges were brought by U.S. Atty. liCO ,S. Hover who told the commissioner he was asking for the $100,000 bond because there was a pos.sibility the 'Puerto Ricans might face a murder charge.
Rover told Ijiwrcnee that two of the five congres.4men are certainly in a very serious condition
and that there was a grave i»oa-sibility that one and maybe both might die.
“Those people,” Rover declared, “came here for the avowed purpose for what they did. They have no roots here.”
“They may be facing — I hope not — a possible murder charge,’* he added. Rover .said he was asking for a bond of SIOO.UOO, $20,000 on each of the five charges.
l.,awrence said that under the circumstances this was a very fair bond and commented that the government certainly could have asked for a higher amount.
The charge of assault with intent to kill carries a maximum sentence of up to 15 years in jail.
The Puerto Ricans were specifically charged with assault witb intent to )^!1 against Congressmen George H. Fallon, Kenneth C. Roberts. Alvin Bentley. Bennett f, Jensen and Clifford Davis.
Subjects of lectures to be dellv ered by Dr. Herbert E. Stotts, pro- | fessor of Sociology at the Iliff ; School of Theology, Denver, Colo., and a second featured lecturer for : the Willson Lectures, have not yet been announced. He will speak at 2.30 p.m., Thursday.
McM LECTURESHIP PROGRAM
Stf COURT, Pg. 3-A, Cot. I
Set SCHOOL, Pg. 3-A, Coi. I
10 a.m.—.Meeting of McMurry College Board of Trustees, Faculty Lounge, Radford Student Building. 7:15 p.m.—Bishop Hazen G. Werner, Denison Lecturer. 8:15 p.m.—Dr. Louis H. Evans, Willson Lecturer, *‘Wliat of Tomorrow?”
WOUNDED ( ONCiREvSS.MAN CARRIED OUT—Rep. Kenneth Roberts (D-Ala.) is carried from the capitol on a stretcher after a shooting spree by terrorists in the House of Representatives. The face of Roberts is visible at the arrow. (AP Wirephoto) ^