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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 1, 1962, Abilene, Texas 'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT -wHor 81ST YEAR, NO. 257 ABILENE, TEXAS. THURSDAY MORNING, MARCH 1, >AGES IN THREE SECTIONS 3103 9908 Associated Prett PAGE ONE [By Katharyn Duff] If you ate new to Texas nnd to the basic reasons for Texans' pride or if you wonder at (he touchiness of Texans over certain remarks by thej Attor- ney General on a certain war, XJ. S, vs. Mexico consider this brief lesson in Texas his- tory. The weather US years ago at the village of Washinglon-on- the Brazos was, history says, about as Ihe weather earlier this week in West Texas, damp and cold. No quarters suitable for an august occasion were available so the fellows' met in an un- finished building one whose rent, incidentally, went unpaid. Forty four delegates were there opening day. March 1, and by the time the meeting broke up in a hurry on March 17 a total of 59 shown up. One of them, Sam Houston, left early to take over a job of army-commanding. Mexico was the third country whose, flag ,waved over Texas. The Anglo, settlement of this land came about at the inspira- tion of Moses Austin and, after his death, under the leadership .'of his son, Stephen F., who brought the first colonists here in 1821. The colonists and Mexico got along pretty well at first and then conflicts began to develop. The situation' deteriorated and when Santa Anna became dic- tator of Mexico things got im- possible. Armed clashes be- tween the Texans (Anglos and Mexican) and Mexican troops popping.. ._. v 1 -i In fiovefnfeV IsafeTiSxahs .set up for themselves a provision- al government got in- volved in arguments within it- ami in December J835 Ben jjlilam led a group of Texans irt "capturing" San Antonio. Some Texans thought that set- tlejl things. "ShMi Santa Anna decided to take' command in the field to squelch the upstart Texans. lie marched on San Antonio. The handful of Texas defenders (ell bfifck. to an abandoned mission called the Alamo. Santa Anna laid siege to the Alamo on Feb. 24. In the meantime Ihe pro- visional government, over the governor's veto, had called for an election of delegates to a convention al Washington-on- the-Brazos, March 1, With the Alamo under siege nnd Gen. Urrea moving on Go- liad, the delegates met, organ- ized and named a committee to draft a declaration. The panel reported back March 2 with the Declaration of Independence. Fast work one George Ch.il- drcss was named lo the draft- ing committee and ru- mor has it be had such a docu- ment already written and ready in his pocket. So the delegates signed Ihe declaration on March 2, 1830. They organized a new govern- ment, sent Houston off lo com- mand the army, drew up a Con- stitution for the Republic of Texas. The Alamo fell, its men fight- ing to death, on March 6. Santa Anna's victorious armies began sweeping Texas. The Washington convention broke up in a hurry on March 17 and its delegates scampered. Sanla Anna roara! 01. The Texans were defeated ,H Rcfu- gio. The Texans were massa- cred in Ihe horror of Gotind. Houston retreated. But finally ho ended his retreat and, six weeks after the Declarnlion of Independence, on April 21, 1836, the Texas Army attacked Santa Anna's force. The declaration became a fact on the battlefield of San Jncinlo. And, as Hie Attorney General has lately been advised, a dec- ade later Ihe Republic of Texas joined Ihe Union of Slates and the War with Mexico was forced. NEWS INDEX New 200-Bed Hospital Need Seen Abilene acutely needs a new, centrally-located 200-beil hospital, E, M, Collier, Hcn- drick Memorial Hospital ad- ministrator, told Abilene Kiwanis Club members Wed- nesday. This is -in addition (o the new 84-bcd building at Hen- driok, he said, for which bids were open- ed Tuesday. "Abilene is not now pre- pared (o cope with a disaster or major epidemic." lie said. "The hospital crisis is so Acute we cannot hope to at- tract highly-skilled physicians here. Neither will business or industry employing a great number of people locate here." Collier's speech to an esti- mated 125 Kiwanians was the second public announcement since Jan. i of Abilene's hos- pital needs. On Jan. 12 J. D. Perry Jr., chairman of Ihe Chamber of Commerce Hospital Commit- tee, informed chamber board members that Abilene needs another hospital o! "at least IM-bcd size." Projecting Abilene's future needs, Perry said the city would require 472 beds by 19C5 and 510 by 1970. Current facilities of Ihe three hospitals flendrick, St. Ann and 285 beds, Perry said. Collier concluded Wed- nesday that: 1. The next hospital con- struction should not lie at lieu- drick (after the new Anderson Building is 2, That Abilene probably will have to put up the money for a new hospital, either through fund raising or tax- ation, or both. 3. The new hospital should take priority over any other facility in Abilene. Collier, Kcndrick adminis- trator since IKS. said the medical center concept should be followed: "Its policy on admissions should be determined before construction. It should have an open medical staff and should accept patients without regard to race, creed or col- he said. It also should operate a ma- ternity department and an emergency service, lie said. Abilene, he said, has chang- ed greatly in the past 10 years but has given little thought to the condition of its hospitals. "You can't wait until trag- edy he said, ''You have to build ahead." To build future facilities at Hendrick (excluding Ihe 84- bed Anderson Building! would create in the minds of our peo- ple "that we have a mo- he explained. Kvtn so, he continued, the new hospital should not be on Abilene's fringes. Physicians would have to fight the traffic proniem iu luuui iU location, lie pointed out. 'To Hie sick or injured man, hospitals are paramount to schools, water supply, lire department, public library, parks, football fields, sta- diums or street he said. ''All of these are worthy causes and must not be neg- he said, "but the lack of hospital facilities is a men- ace to the health of the com- munity." Aside from the acute mcdi- cnl need, hospitals are good business, he out, He indiciiled that a hospital similar to the size of Hcndrirk would bring in 25 specialists, employ 50f) persons for a pay- roll of SI.5 million and utilize a budget of million. "Abilene has Ihe people lo do it 'construct a new hospi- he said. "But we need to start talking to them about it." E. M. COI.L1KR .sees hospital ne Timetable For Glenn's NY Visit NEW YORK 'API Schedule 'for LI. Col, .John It. Glenn Jr. Tnursday in New York City (all (times Eastern al LaGusr- jdia Airport. leaves I.aCuartfia .for Bowiing Green in Manhattan. p parade starts from Bowlin; Green to City Hall. at City Hall ceremonies. Iraves City Hall for Waldotf-Astoria Ho- tel. arrives at hole! for luncheon. ions SICTION A 6 10, 11 OH 13 SICTION Wmwt'i iwirf 2, 3 Ctmltl 9 10 M HWU-TV 14 TV 14 him 15 WALKER NEWS CONFERENCE Gubernatorial candidate Edwin A. Walker (center) is shown during a news conference at Austin airport Wednesday. The con- ference ended m a disturbance over Walker's repeated protest of news photog- raphers taking pictures during the conference. (AP Wirephoto) CAB Hears Plea For Air Routes BV NKD CURRAN Rriioi-lcr-Nen-s Cnnltnl Bureau WASHINGTON, D. C. With a plea for Die preservation and lip- dating of local airline service ring- ing in its ears, the Civil Aero- nautics Board Wednesday went on to hear principal argue for expanded routes, chiefly in West Texas and Oklahoma. The two local lines Central Airlines Inc. and Trans-Texas Air- ways, Inc. headed a parade of witnesses as two days of hearings began in the Southwestern Area local service case one of the Board's attempts lo revise region- al service throughout Ihe coun- try Cold Snap To Sf ay Iwo More Days Another two days of chilling weather are predicted for Ibis area, although temperature read- ings are expected to be slightly higher. Wednesday morning the mer- cury dropped to 13 degrees for Ihe low of the day, the second lowest Feb. 28 reading since Weather Bureau records were slhrled in 1805. flip lowest Feb. 20 temperature was 10 in 1022. At Swcclwater a 0 degree low was reported, while at Nolnn the mercury plunged tcr 5 degrees, Thursday morning's low rend- ing is expected to IMS between 15 and 20, while the low Thursday lil'ht will Ite about 25. Predicted ilgh Thursday will lie in the low 40s nix! Friday it will be near 50. Temperatures here hsroly got ibovc the trcw.lnf mark Weilncs- Ijiy, rising lo 33 during Iho after- noon, (icnorally fair weather, which prevailed Wednesday, is 'orccnsl through Friday, Walker Shuts Down His News Meet Five other Con- tinental, Telia, Eastern and Fron- as intervenors in the case, involving a six-state air network linking 06 cities. Chamber ot Commerce and city jfficials from Colora- do, Louisiana, New Mexico, Okla- homa and Texas will have their turn Thursday. Sen IJalph Yar- borough and Reps. Omar Burleson of Anson and George Mahon of Lubhodc will be the day's fii'sl wilncsses. It was Wednesday's first wit- ness, Sen. A. S. Mike Monroncy (D-Okla.) wiio urged Ihe board to re-examine its basic policy on local .service. He said the board should en- courage development of lighter aircraft specifically for local serv- ice, direct more frequent flights, recommend bypassing airports when there are no passengers and think about putting government subsidies to feeder airlines on Iho basis of routes flown. Monroncy also was joined by Mouse Majority leader Car! Al- bert (K-Okla.) in protesting the withdrawal of Central from three cities in southern Oklahoma. Basically the two days of argu mcnts arc a direct appeal to the board to overrule rccommcnda lions of CAB Examiner Herbert K. Bryam, who denied Central any extended routes into West Texas and gave Trans-Texas onlj' limited routes in the same area. The other airlines, mostly larger trunk lines, are seeking to protect their routes from competition. Central applied for a network of routes thai would link Abilene with Big Spring and Midland-Odes- sa; Lubbock; Oklabnrr.i" City via Wichita Falls; Fort Worth-Dallas; and Houston via Austin. Trnrs-Texas was granted by tfio examiner n Dnllnc-tO' New Mexico route through Abilene, but denied I.ublxick-to-Dcnvcr nnd Uibbock-lo-Tiilsn roiiles. Both cities therefore (ace only n IIKARINC, Pf. VA, Cri. 1 AUSTIN to Hast Ceniiany lo make ''lcc of easier for I'lhncht to receive so luir- firm that Westerners some unpleasant As seen by certain diplomats here, Ihe news was that Khrush- chev might have to make some concessions to the West to gel nn. agreement on Berlin. There! w.is not .1 word in (lie communique to indicate such a decision. Hut the grant of credit considered certain to have been made not only to ease the serious food situation in Kast jhnve fell Klinishfhev niisht have to give w.iy a niHch or two from his earlier st.'uid. lie in 195S Hut tilt- West sign a peace treaty wilti Kasl Germany under circum- stances that would wrest control of West Herliii from West- ern hands. But he repeatedly has any deadline. lin and blocked Ihe escape routo (if Ea.st Germans fleeing Commu- nist cull in? ni'( tin- drain and talented of Kasl Jho irall made the (lermans al last ttiey wevc a camp cut off from escape. I Western quarters Ions have felt that th'.1 V- divisions kept in Kast Gorui.iny were there in l.'irge iiH'.'isiire to asstiro uvuiqtnl- ily in the population. The country fins had a series of bad The .stonily Iji.st tearing most farmers away (rom the private holdings to work un- iier control coop- farms brought no immediate benefit. 11 wjis susptv'ted among diplo- mals that the grant of credit wns made to Kast Germany largely to buy food. Hussln itself has had Diplomals here lllbricht, three imor crops in n row and Is lias been silting on a powder keg! in no position to ship food llcrmany but to pacify Ulbrichl. in East Germany ever sines the1 Germany. ;