Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 1, 1954, Abilene, Texas
COOLíííje Sbílene porter MORNING
VOL. LXXIII, No. 258
'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
Aisociated Presê (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY MORNING, MARCH 1, 1954—FOURTEEN PAGES
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
QUEEN AND CHIEF JUSTICE—Chief Justice Earl Warren escorts pretty Jo Ann Elder, queen of the Louisiana Mardi Gras ball, to the royal throne to open the pagentry in this annual affair in Washington, D. C. Walking in foreground, bearing the queen’s scepter, is Stedman Prescott, III. The ball was sponsored by the Louisiana State Society and boasted a score of beauty queens from Louisiana.
AFTER JOINT REPORT
Split Over Farm Program Likely on Capitol Hill
W'ASHINGTON, Feb. 28 A i mittee urged delay in any change
iplit between the White House and many members of Congress over the administration's farm program was emphasied today by Capitol Hill reaction to the report of the joint Senate-House Economic Committee.
In a statement Friday, the com-
Rebels Claim Total Vidory In Torn Syria
DAMASCUS, Syria, Feb. 28 (i¥C-Anti-Shishekly forces claimed complete victory in j-evolt-torn Syria today and proclaimed the aged former President Hachem Bey El Attassi as chief of state.
Syria’s army chief of stcff. Col. Shawkat Shkeir, broadcast the proclamation over Damascu.s radio after acting I’resident Maah-moun Kuzbari announced he was resigning the post he assumed when Adib Shishekly fled into exile in Saudi Arabia. Kuzbari .said Shishekly's Cabinet also had agreed to quit for the sake of national unity.
Shkeir said Attassi, whose former regime collapsed when Shishekly seized power Dec. 2, 1951, already had begun consultations to form a Cabinet.
of present farm laws. It questioned whether the administration proposal to switch from rigid to flexible price supports would, contribute to stability at a time of economic uncertainty.
Farm state members of Congress voiced general agreement in a sampling of opinion.
Hep. Cooley of North Carolina, senior Democrat on the House Agriculture Committee, said the economic report "pulled the rug out from under Secretary (of Agriculture) Benson and Mr. Allan Kline, president of the American Farm Bureau Federation, and all their cohorts who have advocated the "sliding scale.’"
Cooley said the "sliding scale," or flexible support program, "would definitely slide the farmers of the nation into bankruptcy.” Cooley last month introduced a bill w’hich w'ould make continuation of 90 per cent price supports mandatory througn 1957.
Rep. Andresen (R-Minn) declared in a separate interview the "economic repercussions to lower support levels would be terrific," and added:
"Maintenance of price supports at 90 per cent of parity is a cheap price for the country to pay to avoid a recc.'>sion,"
Parity is the price determined by law to give the farmer a fair return on what he sells in relation to the cost of what he buys.
Rep. Poage (D-Texas), a ranking member of the House Agriculture Committee, called the committee report "the most encouraging thing since the Eisenhower administration took over.”
Aimy Regime Makes Order With Gunlire
CAIRO. Egypt, Feb. 28 (.T»—Police gunfire wounded 12 rioters in Cairo today. The rifle shots backed up with force the appeal of Egypt’s shaken military regime for order and unity after three days of crisis over removal and restoration of Gen. Mohamed Naguib.
Steel-helmeted police opened fire when unruly pro-Naguib university students tried to march through Cairo’s Garden City district, site of the British and American embassies and the swank Semiramis Hotel.
The display of force curbed wild demonstrations which broke out ail over the city last night and resumed this morning after the ruling Revolutionary Council restored the popular general to the presidency from which they dropped him Thursday.
Other shouting processions of demonstrators streamed all morning into Republican Square outside the presidential office where Naguib appeared on the balcony, smiling and waving. He appealed to his supporters for "moderation and forgiveness."
In a public display of unity, Naguib sat in a Cabinet meeting beside Lt, Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser, the 3&-ycar-old revolutionary leader who was mainly responsible for the attempt to drop the general from the presidency because he said Naguib w’anted to be a dictator.
Nasser, chief of the "free officers” who drove King Farouk from his throne emerged from the three-day crisis as prime Minister and chairman of the Revolutionary Council, Egypt’s ruling body.
Before Thursday, Naguib held all three titles—president of the republic, prime minister and chairman of the revolutionary council.
Together, Naguib and Nasser went to the hospital to visit wounded demonstrators. In a hospital ward, Nasser was kissed by demonstrators who a few hours before the shooting were shouting "down with Nasser."
It was apparent that Naguib and Nasser were anxious to calm down the populace, which was excited by anti-regime demonstrations for the finst time since the young officers seized power 19 months ago from Farouk.
In processions of pro-Naguib demonstrators, underground Communists and members of the outlawed Moslem Brotherhood were active. Both Communists and reactionary Moslem Brotherhood agitators were seizing the opportunity for the first time to stage public demonstrations.
Concern over these activities was reflected in a joint statement issued by the Cabinet and the Revolutionary Council saying: "Some vicious elements and opportunists tried to exploit this national jubilance (over Naguib’s restoration) in achieving tlieir vicious aims that have been blocked by the revolution since it started. They made an attempt to swing a small group of the innocent youth from the right path to destroy the beauty of this national rejoicing."
In suppressing today’s riots, the authorities w'cre obviously fearful of a repetition of the violence of January, 26, 1952.
McCarthy Dissatisfied With Army's Report
SUNDAY AT THE SIlOW—Three youthful exhibitors at the Abilene Fat Stock Show read the comics Sunday while maintaining a vigil over the bull they are using as a head rest. From left to right are David Petree, owner of the animal, and Bobby Whisenhunt, both of View, and D. Hopkins of Caps. Judging in the district show starts at 9 a.m. Tuesday. (Staff Photo by David Barros)
Lamb Entries As Fat Stock
Set Record Show Opens
Stevens to Receive 'Friendly Letter'
NEW YORK, Feb. 28 (/I’)—Sen. Jo.seph McCarthy (R-Wls) said today that Friday’s Pentagon report on the discharge of an Army dentist was in direct conflict with testimony given bo* tore his committee by Brig. Gen. Ralph Zwicker.
McCarthy’s questioning of Zwicker precipitated a controversy between the senator and Army Secretary Stevens, and has since led to talk of changing the rules for all congressional investigations.
Referring to the Pentagon statement detailing how the dentist was given an honorable discharge following an .Army .security investigation, and giving the Army’s reasons for it's action, McCarthy said:
“This is in direct conflict with General Zwicker’s sworn testimony.”
IN CARACAS, VENEZUELA
Security Measures Taken For Inter-American Meet
CARACAS. Venezuela, Feb. 28 IP—A high barbed wire fence surrounded nearby University City today, and scores of plainclothesmen •warmed Its buildings as tight security measures were taken for the opening of the 10th Inter-American Conference tomorrow.
With foreign ministers and other high officials from 20 of the 21 American republics converging on Caracas. Venezuelan authorities
took firm steps to prevent any recurrence of the wild rioting which marred the last Inter-American Conference 't Bogota, Colombia, in April 1948. U. S. aulhoritlc? blamed intc’-national communism for the outbreak of street violence and fires in Bogota which claimed about 1,500 lives.
U. S. Secretary of Stale John Foster Dulles and his top advisers on Latin American affairs flew in
Ike Says U.S. Must Lead World via UN
WASHINGTON. Feb. 28 OP — President Eisenhower said tonight United States responsibility for world leadership "can be admirably exercised in the United Nations, an organization having as Its prime purpose the preservation of mankind from (he scourge of war."
The President expressed faith in the U.N. in a message to a conference on U. S. Responsibility for W’orld Leadership, sponsored by
the American Assn. for the United of other peoples.
not only our desire for peace and for the preservation of our way of life, but also our hope that many millions in the world may come to know, in their lands, both the benefits which we enjoy today In the United .States and the promise which the future holds for our people.” I
Eisenhower stressed anew his, often-stated stand that this country must recognize "the need for gaining the trust and confidence
The President described the U.N. ai the type of forum in which •*thf kind of leadership we seek to give can find expression, and the cooperation of our friends can be most effective." He went on to »ay:
"It is because of this faith in the role of this organization that 1 determined to deliver before the United Natltxis this nation's pro-
ral for the pea'-eful use of atom-energy—a proposal embodying
"To use coercion, to indulge ourselves in selfish, willful actions, would not only fail to attract that confidence—it w’ould clearly and inevitably destroy it," he said.
"But to w'ork in a manner consistent with the traditions of liberty, with au those who with us struggle for the cause of liberty, is to gain their trust and, in the end. to win the struggle.”
The American Assn. for the United Nations is headed by Dr. Charles Msyo of Rocheiter, Minn.
from Washington today. One of Dulles’ main tasks will be to convince the Latin Americans that communism is menacing the Western hemisphere and that a stronger anti-jCommunist program Is necessary.
John Moors Cabot, outgoing assistant secretary of state for inter-American affairs and newly designated U. S. ambassador to Sweden Is a member of Dulles’ party. Cabot recently expressed the fear that Latin American countries are not sufficiently worried about communism "to want to take a strong stand regarding the situation”
One tough problem in which the conference is likely to get entangled concerns Guatemala, whose leftist government, U. S. officials believe, has become deeply impregnated with communism. The U. S. delegation had hoped to make this a clear-cut Issue, but a sampling of opinion among other states apparently convinced the Washington policy makers they oould not win support for an outright condemnation of the Guatemalan government.
Several delcKation heads, including Foreign Ministers Geronimo Remorino of Argentina and Vicente Rao of Brazil, have made it clear they do not intend to consider communism in specific countries but rather as a hemispheric problem.
Guatemalan Foreign Minister Guillermo Toriello said hi.s country does not intend to "take a seat on the bench of the accused’ during the conference. He appeared confident other Latin American countries will heed Guatemala’s warning that any declaration against that country would
Stt CARACAS, Pag« §*A, Col. I
By BOB COOKE Reporter-New» Farm Editor
It isn’t exactly an exaggeration to say that fat steers, iambs, •swine, poultry, and rabbits poured into Abilene most of Sunday to be ready for the opening Monday morning of the annual Abilene Fat Stock Show.
The animals and poultry began arriving by car, truck and trailer loads early Sunday at Fair Park and the Abilene Livestock Auction Commission and continued throughout the early part of the
Kerrville Man, 54, Dies on Bus
A 54-year-old Kerrville Latin-American died on a Mid-Continent Trailways bus between Coleman and Abilene between 5-6 p. m. Sunday.
Arturo Lapez was discovered dead when the bus stopped at the Greyhound Bus Terminal here by driver M. O. James of Abilene.
He had been working as a laborer for Groves Construction Co. here. Deputy Sheriff Claude Herring said.
Herring said an examining physician attributed Lapez’ death either to a heart attack or a blood clot. The bus left Coleman about 5 p. in.
The body is at Elliott's Funeral Home here and Herring said Suti-day night an ambulance was en route here from Kemllle to return the body there.
V. s. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BL'KEAC
ABILENE AND VICINITY - Oener»Uy fair Monday and Tuesday. Low Monday inurnlnK about 35, high Monday afternoon about «5.
NORTH CEN'iRAL TEXAS; Increatlng cIoudinei>.s, windy and warmer Monday. Tuesday parUy cloudy and colder.
WEST TEXAS; Generally fair, windy and warmer Monday, except mostly cloudy atxl turning colder In the Panhandle Monday afternoon Tuesday partly cloudy and colder; snow flurrleh likely in the Panhandle Monday nl«ht.
E:ABT and 8i)UTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Increaeini! cloudlnese and warmer Monday. Tuesday partly cloudy and colder. Gentle to moderate variable wtndt on the eoast. baromtnE fresh to locally strong southerly Tuesday and ahlfUng to north-
afternoon. Deadline for all entries was 4 p. m. .Sunday.
Show’ officials were hardest pressed to take care of the record number of lambs entered in the show, in which the judging begins at 9 a. m. Monday.
600 Lambs Entered
The bulk of the more than 600 lambs entered in the show arrived Sunday. In numbers, the lamb division of the Abilene show places it second in volume to the San Angelo F'at Stock Show last w'cek, W’hich had more than 900 lambs to make it the biggest sheep show in this part of West Texas,
Abilene's show officials were shy of one building that was available at Fair Park last year for the over flow of lambs in the annual show’. Sunday they were doubling, and even quadrupling, the number of lambs going into the pens in order to lake care of the large number of sheep.
Steer Barn Full
The steer barn was rapidly filling Sunday morning and early Sunday afternoon, and several early arrivals for the district show turned the steer bam into a display of potential T-bones, rounds and sirloins.
There were a number of major county show champions already on hand.
In addition to petite Brenda Whlteaker’s Taylor County champion of Saturday’s show, there was the .Mitchell County champion of Billy Bridgford, the Callahan County champion of WInford Gardner’s, the Jones County champion of Ixiuella Brigham, the Runnels County and San Angelo reserve champion of Mark Campbell, already on hand, and more to come.
Bob McDaniel, co-owner and manager of the Abilene Livestock
Auction Commission, where the swine show and sale of all animals and poultry will be held Wednesday, said pens at the commission company on F^ast North Seventh St. were filling fast with swine.
Full Crew Busy
R. C. Fry. general superintendent of the show’, had a full corps of workers at Fair Park Sunday assisting in the weighing-in and tagging of the out-of-county entries arriving for the show.
Most of the members of the Agriculture and Livestock Committee of the Chamber of Commerce, sponsor of the show', were on hand throughout most of Sunday to assist in the handling of the entries.
Bob Rankin and his assistants were busy taking care of the sheep; Curly Hays and his group handled the calves; T. W. Colby and assistants were taking care of the pigs; Don Brown and his group were looking after the poultry; and Byron Wilson and aides were checking in the rabbits.
The schedule of the district show follows:
7;30 a. m., Monday, livestock sifting.
9 a. m., Monday, Iamb judging.
1 p. p.. Monday, swine judging.
9 a. m.. Tuesday, capon and broiler judging.
1 p. m., Tuesday, rabbit judging.
1 p. m., Monday, swine judging.
1 p. m., Wednesday, auction sale.
Dr. W. M. Warren of the animal husbandry department. Texas AScM, will judge the swine and steers. James A. Gray of San Angelo, Extension Service animal husbandman, will judge the sheep; W. J. Moore of Bryan will judge the poultry; and Johnny Houtz, Dallas, will judge the rabbits.
He then said he thought Zwicker should be brought back for more questioning before McCarthy’s Permanent Investigations subcommittee.
McCarthy said Gen. Zwicker might have been "honestly mistaken" in giving his original version of the affair.
He then added that Zwicker is "neither mistaken or guilty of perjury."
‘Friendly Letter’ to Stevens
McCarthy, questioned by newsmen as he left for Washington, said he was going to send a "friendly letter” to Army Secretary Stevens about the Pentagon report.
He said he wanted to call the Pentagon report to Stevens’ attention and "shed a little light" on the matter.
Pentagon sources said there would be no immediate comment.
McCarthy said he thought it was unfair tu Stevens that, according to the Army rejKirt, the discharge was given to the dentist. Maj. Irving I’eress, a few hours before Stevens returned from a trip abroau.
Stevens, although conceding that the Army could have handled the Peress case differently, has charged that McCarthy "abused” Zwicker during the questioning.
Stevens at first ordered officers not to appear before McCarthy’s committee but later reached a "memorandum of agreement" with McCarthy, agreeing to permit officers to testify.
When this was widely Interpreted as a "surrender” to McCarthy,
Slight Warmup Due For Abilene Area
A slight warmup is in store for Abilene and vicinity .Monday with the high temperature forecast as near 65 and a low of 35. Sunday the high was 56, the low 32.
There is a possibility of slightly cooler temperatures for Tuesday, weathermen report. A weak cool front hovering over the northern part of the nation may move thl>-way by late Tuesday,
At present the front is showing little activity, but possibly might increase its movement and bring a slight drop of temperature to the area.
Stevens, with White House approval. issued a statement saying he would not countenance abusive
See McCarthy, Pg. 6-A, Cols. 7-1
Ranger Man Dies in (rash Near Thurber
RA.NGER, Feb. 28. (RNS)~ George Edward Harper, 45, nativ« of Ranger, was killed instantly Saturday night in a highway crash at Thurber.
The collision of his car and a truck occurred about 8:30 o’clock on State Highway 108 near its Intersection with U. S. 80.
Harper was alone in the car.
He was traveling south on Highway 108 in a 1953 Ford sedan. The otber vehicle was a northbound two-ton truck occupied by three men from Vernon, whose names w’ere unavailable here. They were unhurt.
Harper's car was demolished and the truck was badly damaged.
Harper was district repairman for the Lone Star Producing Co., which had employed him 20 years.
He was born Dec. 11. 1908, at Ranger. He was married Nov. 27, 1928, in Ranger to Annie Klmmel. He was a member of the First Baptist Church and the Elks Lodge.
Survivors ate his wife, four sons, Billy E. of College Station, Robert E. of Sweetwater, Fred R. of Crane and Tommy J. of Odessa; two daughters, Mrs. Gene Boney of Eastland and Barbara Jane of Ranger, his mother, Mrs. De.ssie Harper of Abilene; three brothers, C. E. and Joe B. of Ranger and Truman T. of Abilene; and two sisters, Mrs. Odie Allen and .Mrs. Pete Donham, both of Premont, Tex.
Funeral W’lll be at 2:30 p. m. Monday at the First Baptist Church. The Rev. Ralph Perkins, pastor, will officiate. Burial will be in Evergreen Cemetery here under direction of Killingsw orth Funeral Home.
Pallbearers will be Homer Land-troop of Bronte, and the following Ranger men: L. J. Burnett, W. J. Van Bibber Archie Robinson, N. E. Iwinders and J. A. Bates.
'WANTS TO BE ALONE'
Texas Violent Deaths Hit 19 Over Week End
Batchelor Rejoins Family in Kermit
34 , , . j4 ...
34 .. 34 ... 33 .. .33 .. 41 . 4.S
.. S3 ..54 . . 65 55 . 55 53 . 30 . 45 43
I 30 .......
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_____1:50 ... ....
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Hi«h and low t*mprr»tur*i> for 34 hc¡wfi •ndfd ot 4:30 p m M end 33.
Htsh end low temperstures •«ntjr dote lut y*«r 73 end 43. ^ ■
Sunict Ust nwht «;3« pm. Sunrise today 7'07 a m iuiutt toiUght S.37. Barometer readtni at «:30 p m. 3« U Ralauva bumkltty at 130 p m. 3» per aeat.
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Traffic accidents were the big killer a.s violent deaths for the week-end in Texas mounted to 19 Sunday.
Twelve death.s were in traffic .smashups. Three were fatal Dallas shootings.
Clarence E, Jones, Wichita, Kan., airport operator who had moved to Corpus Christ! only six months ago, was found dead Sunday in the burned wreckage of his private plane seven miles east of Elgin in south Central Texas. Jones crashed during a duststorm Saturday enroule from Ardmore. Okla., to Corpus Christi.
Alford William Thedford. 40. Dal-las, was .shot to death early Sunday in a Dallas tavern. Police held the 27 year old operator of the tavern, who said his pistol discharged while he was attempting to eject 'Thedford.
G E. Harper. 45 year old employe 0Í the Looe Sur Ciai Co. at Haa-
ger, was killed in a highway accident at Thurber east of Eastland Satui'day night. His car smashed j into the lear of a truck loaded with hay.
The iMKiy of I.«hter O. Bu.sh Jr., San .\ntonlo employe of the Missouri Pacific Railroad, was recovered Sunday from Lake McQueeney near Seguin where he drowned late Saturday. Hush fell from a boat into the choppy waters during a sandstorm.
Frank H. Garcia, 34, San Antonio, was killed Saturday night when his car failed to make a curve and overturned on Highway 90 west of San Antonio. He was Bexar County’s 16th traffic death of 1954,
Pfc. Ralph F. Ellington, 21. Columbus, Ga.. and attached to Fort Hood, was killed at midnight Saturday in an auto collision on the outskirts of Belton.
W’erner Karl Gmohling, 19. a
See VIOLENT« Page S-A« Coi 4
KERMIT, Feb. 28 Cpl. Claude I Batchelor rejoined hl.s We.st Texas' famlJy today and declared "I am ' happy.” !
"Everyone is just as friendly as they can be," declared the former: "pro" in a North Korean prison camp who later quit the Reds.
"But 1 guess I should admit I haven’t had much chance yet to i talk to the folks here in Kermit. | Sor^ of my old friends have come around to say ‘hello’ already, though "
'I'he 23-year-old soldier arrived in El Pa.so early today via commercial airliner from the west coast. , After a mix-up which thwarted an airport reunion there with his family, he joined them for the trip home by car. Kermit is about 250 miles east of El l‘aso.
Newsmen Given Slip
Batchelor apparently deliberately gave reporters the slip at the KI Paso airport, where about 20 newsmen and photographers waited with his family.
The airliner arrived a few minutes early and "I just walked on ■ by and no one noticed me.” Batchelor explained. While his father, O.L. Batchelor, called over a loudspeaker for his son to join the i family at the airport, Batchelor was riding in an airport limousine to an E! Paso hotel.
The soldier who once described himself as the leader of the 21 Americans who chose to stay with the Communists had his reunion, with his family in an El Paso hotel room.
Only hit 3-yeir-old brother. Mike, was not at El Paso for the reunion. Mike stayed home with the meas
les and a babysitter. On hand were his father, mother, two of his brothers and one sister.
The corporal said he is not due (o report at Brooke .Army Medical Center. San Antonio, until Wednesday. "I plan to catch a plane out of El Paso Wednesday afternoon for San Antonio," he said. ^ "Right now I want to relax, maybe go fishing. And, after Brooke. I’ll hav'e a Sci-day furlough. I hope to spend it here in Kermit”
No More Publicity Mr-. Batchelor began to crv when her son did not appear at the El Paso airport. Her husband, an oil field worker, comforted her. as did their daughter, Dorothy. 16, and sons David. 13. and Oliver, 20. Oliver is a student at Texas Western Cobege in KI Paso.
"Please try and unders’itnd him..” the sobbing mother told a reporter. He told us that he wanted no more publicity. He dtw’sn’t want people to think he is trying to make a hero of himself. He just wants to be alone."
Asked how people in Kermit felt about her brother. Dorothy said, "they just figure he had a hard time. They are going to wait and see how he acts now."
In Kermit later, the corporal appeared convinced he was welcome in his old home town. Asked if he had seen any evidence of bad feeling. he replied "no."
"What I’m hoping for now is that Kyoko can come here," said Batchelor with feeling.
Kyoko Arak! is his Japamrse wife, whose letters he has credited with wooing him away from • pro-Red prison camp in Keren.