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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - March 1, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE Over-al! quota Total Sales Series E quota Series E Sales $3,245,000.00 4.148.069.50 1,303,000.00 1.409.962.50 ®fje gHrilme Reporter -Betes EVENING FINAL WITHOUT OK WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE FCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY .VS 11' GOES -Biron VOL. LXI1I, NO. 258 A TEXAS 2^uu, NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH I, 1944 TWELVE PAGES ‘Associated Press (AP) United Press (U.P.) PRICE FIVE CENTSU. S. Knifes Deep Into Jap Defenses With Landing on Admirals Breaks Nazi Thrust Revolt Thwarted GERMAN BOMB KILLS TRUCKLOAD OF GERMAN PRISONERS—An Allied truck, loaded with German prisoners, burns with its human cargo after being hit by a German Jiomb during an attack by enemy planes in Cerasuolo area of Italy. Allied soldiers at left ^attempt to smother fire in clothing of soldier at their feet who was pulled from the truck. (AP Wirephoto from Signal Corps). Stevenson Plan lo Erase State 'Deficit Upheld AUSTIN, March I—(UP' — Gov. Coke R. Stevenson's plan to reduce ■pr wipe out the state general re\-enue fund deficit by transferring to its unused money in various spacial treasury funds was hold valid today by the third court of civil appeals here. Hie decision overrules a previous ruling of the attorney general’s department and an Austin district court decision that the legislative act to car-^ ry out the governor's plan was invalid, and dissolves injunctions issued by the district court against such transfers. Balances in the 17 funds as of J'u J a amounted to $1 697.8H >. wvhs’.e he general revenue fund deficit as of the same elate was $15.-797.685. state treasury records showed. Bulgaria May Join 'Out-of-War' Move LONDON, March I.—< UP (—Potential crackups at both ends of the Nazi satellite front in Europe were indicated today by reports that Finland might be out of the war within a month and that Bulgaria was asking the United States and Britain for armistice terms. .Moscow’s confirmation of preliminary moves toward a settlement with Finland, together with a summary of what would be expected of the Finns, led diplomatic quarters to the Britain Agrees To Finn Offer a Soviet-I in -might be ar- LONDON, March I - .Pi- Britain has agreed to the peace terms sub-• * •    nutted    to Finland by -the Soviet Tile funds and balances were: gas union, official quarters reported to-|itilities,    $126,049:    securities    aet.    day. 129,425;    ’liquefied petroleum    gas.    i Britain's agreement was given    af- $12,270;    real estate licenses,    $31.-    ter consultations with Russia. 521; recording agents. $10,904;    vend-    :    As to whether Britain still w'ould ing machine tax, $502; vital statistics, $15,846; special game, $163,-847; >ancT. shell and gravel, $478.-^115; fish propagation and protection, $109,062; board of cosmetology, $380,475; motor vehicle insurance. $111,892; fire insurance, $175,256; insurance examination, $2,887; in- ; surance agents' license, $21,586; mu- I - assessment Insurance, $5,221; j ■Insurance fee.', $22,780. * • • Tile court held also that all of the J accumulation of $779,026 in the drivers’ license fund 'Of the safety j department was transferable with f xception of an operating balance tis. nan be a’ war with Finland if the terms were accepted, an authoritative source who cannot be further identified said that under the terms of the Anglo-Soviet treaty "a separate peace cannot be negotiated.” This informant explained that under the treaty one of the signatories cannot negotiate peace without consulting the other. He called Russian terms thus far published a "press description” rather than the actual, formal terms. Wins Promotion WASHINGTON, March l.—.T-f $75,000.    The War department yesterday an- Stevenson viewed the decision as nounced tile following temporary helping the effort to take the state promotions of Texas officers: general fund out of the red with- 2nd Ll. to 1st Lt. out Issuing bonos for the purpose    Midland—Phillip    Maurice King. as has been proposed.    gig. C. Rt. I conclusion that lush armistice ranged soon. Usually reliable sources said they had received    advices    from neutral capitals    in die aunt that    Bulgaria was in    the    process    of    soliciting America    and    Britain    for    armistice terms. Details of the roportcd Sofia move toward peace were lacking as was a specific indication of how far it had progressed. However, responsible quarters said ’’startling developments" might be expected at any time in connection with Sofia plans to present the bulgarian case to the Allies. Bulgarians credited with impor-; tam political connections were reported in or on the way to Turkey. I One of them was described as an Bulgarian court, who, after acting as political factotum of King Boris now is playing the same role for Prince Regent Cyril. Sevov was reported without confirmation to have made contact with unidentified Turkish quarters anc! to have been trying to communicate with Allied sources. The Times of London reported J from Ankara that a former Bulgarian minister of commerce was expected in Turkey. Editorially the Times said that the Bulgarians, j "having signed on a pirate ship w?hich is beginning to founder, still are discussing chances of saving their plunder and their skins.” Tho Finish parliament in secret session last night tacitly voted full confidence in the government, perhaps even authorized it to accept Moscow's invitation to send a mission to Moscow to negotiate separate peace. The favorable action followed a lengthy, debate of an unspecified statement—presumably relating to Farrell Puts Ramirez Aide Under Arrest Bv the Associated Press MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay, March I.—The Argentine government announced today it had quelled a revolt by an army colonel and his infantry regiment seeking to oust Gen. Edelmiro Farrell from the presidency he assumed ast week in a palace coup engineered by the country’s j strongly nationalistic e I e -1 ments. Lt.-Col. Tomas Duco, a close friend of Gen, Pedro Ramirez who delegated his presidential powers to Farrell last Thursday, massed his! Third infantry regiment on the outskirts of Buenos Aires, but failed to move on the capital. Instead, he entered the city himself on a government invitation for a conference with Farrell and War Minister Juan I’eron, known as the man behind the throne in Argentina* turbulent politics. The conference was held in the war ministry. Duco was arrested and held at headquarters of another regiment, a dispatch direct from Buenas Aires said late this morning, and his regiment was returning to its head- Radio Tanks Full of INT Lead Altack ll S. concerned. See page 2. quarters under command of officers loyal to Farrells government HER SCORE; 21 HUNS— Pretty Vera Krizman, lf), looks little like an army “top kick” as she poses beside a picture of her commander, General Tito, but according to OWL which released the photo in Washington, she is a leader of Yugoslav Partisans with a record of having killed 21 Germans in battle. Sgt. Krizman is now at Bari. Italy, training women veterans of guerrilla fighting. W o in e n make lip 15 percent of Tito’s army and fight on equal terms vs ith men on the battlefield. (AP Wirephoto from i OWI). Local Teachers Elect Delegates Representatives to go to the house ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples. March I.— (UP)—Allied infantrymen and tho flaming guns of the 5th army shattered a double-barreled German armored at-1 tack on the Anzio front todav, halting a drive that had threatened to develop into a full-scale offensive to wipe out the embattled beachhead. Torrential rains lashed the hattle front throughout the morning and the German armored columns, slowed down by the treacherous mud and raked incessantly by the deadly-accurate Allied shellfire, found the going too tough. German long-range cannon, which had literally smothered the battlefield under one of the heaviest barrages of the campaign, slackened their fire as the ground assault faltered and broke. The Nazis, equipped with a secret weapon now revealed as radio-controlled robot tanks loaded to the turrets with high explosives, still were attacking at several points on the Allied perimeter but the sting appeared to have been taken from their blqw*. Artillery duels thundered, and front dispatches last night said the I enemy had pounded the beachhead I with the heaviest bombardment since the initial landings. INVADERS SWEEP JAPANESE ASIDE ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Southwest Pacific, March I,—(AP)—American troops of tho Sixth army have pushed far into Japan’s South Pacific defenses with a bold landing on the Admiralty islands under the personal supervision of Gen. Douglas MacArthur, who announced the invasion today. Dismounted units of the First cavalry division hit the beach at Los Negros island in the northeast corner of the Admiralty and quickly captured Moniote airdrome, in one of those perfectly coordinated army-navy-air thrusts which caught the Japanese completely unaware. Not a single enemy plane or ship disputed the operation. Destroyers of the* Seventh fleet, commanded by Vice Adm. Thomas C. Kinkaid of Philadelphia carried the troopers to the island through the Bismarck sea, which a year ago was almost wholly enemy domain. The invasion, MacArthur said, makes the end of the Bismarck campaign “clearly in sight.’ and “in addition to troops trapped rn the Solomons some 50.000 of the enemy, largely in New Britain and at Rabaul. are now inclosed.” The soldiers swept aside enemy resistance and soon Brig. Gen. William C. Chase of Providence. R. I., on-the-spot commander of the drive, reported that Momotc airdrome, one of the best the enemy possessed in the south Pacific, had been seized. The airstrip still was in excellent condition. MacArthur watched the invasion from the bridge of one of Kinkaid’s warships, It was the second time hr had been perSbnaUv present when his troops went into battle, the first occasion being a paratroop operation in New Guinea. Often has MacArthur indicated his interest in returning to the Philippines, where he first met the Japanese fighting strength, and his communique announcement of the landing  I  pointedly remarked that the WHAT WE GAIN There were no details on the thrust against the eastern half of the beachhead between Carroccio and Cisterna, but if it develope into a major offensive, it would be the The regiment camped this morn- of delegates meeting of the Oil Belt third attempt to wipe out the ing at Lomas de Zamora, 20 miles Teachers association in Graham from Buenos Aires. Apparently the attempted revolt did not extend beyond Du-co’s own unit, but the Argentine navy was reported to have demanded that power be returned to Ramirez, who resigned ostensibly because of his health, or to the supreme court. The communique announcing the "unsuccessful'' revolt was read over the official Buenos Aires radio at 6;lo a. rn., an hour atter a previous communique that quiet prevailed in Argentina. There was a strict censorship in Buenos Aires. Last night’s confused events there followed close upon a day of extreme tension during which elements of the Argentine navy, long displeased with the chaos existing in the government, demanded either that Ramirez be permitted to resume full presidential powers, or resign his powers to the supreme court instead of to Faired, These proposals were reported to be still before the Argentine ruling faction when Duco decided to march his troops from the arsenal in the city. It appeared he acted either without the cooperation of the navy, or at least before the navy was prepared to move. March 4 were elected by the Abilene unit of the Texas State Teachers association Tuesday afternoon. Superintendent L. E. Dudley, Miss Willie Mar Floyd. Mr. and Mrs. Ike Jay, Holmes Webb and Mrs. W H. Haney will represent the local city schools at the session. A general session of the Oil Belt Teachers association will be held in Abilene March 17 at 8 p. rn. in the high school auditorium, it was announced. Dr. J. G. Flowers, president of Southwest Texas State Teachers college, will lie guest speaker. A panel discussion. Are We Teaching Democracy, was led at the Tuesday meeting by Pansy Gardner, high school speech tea ( lier with Joe Humphrey, assistant principal taking the affirmative and Holmes Webb, South junior high principal, the negative. Mrs. Gene Cantion directed the toilette band from Lamar school in the musical part of the program. Burgess Clifton was band announcer. Mrs. L. H. Harrison. Travis principal, is president of the local group. Sue Campbell. Travis teal lier, was in charge of the program. See SATELLITES I’g. 12, Col, 2 Banks Close, Little Fuss— Hie Weather FDR, Military Chiefs Confer Pension Checks Up AUSTIN. Mar. I—(UP*—Checks to 177,423 Tex a old age pensioners for March will average six cent.-, more than during February, the State Public Welfare department announced today. strongly-held Allied sector. Allied artillery and bombers lashed back, with I. S. planes hammering Nazi troop-, and tanks massed in the C isterna area. The Germans were probing the ; beachhead linos, apparently irking a solt spot, and Nazi tanks I appeared in increasing numbers. Allied artillery and mortars broke up a small but determined attack on British positions in the ravine- LONDON March I— (IPI — A German communique said today that a "fairly large” Allied battle group has been encircled on the Anzio beachhead, in the area southwest of ( isterna. cut Molctta (lea southwest of Car. roceto, where close fighting continued. Tills 'as the third attack there in thre<- days of skirmishing in which roo Nazi tanks were • knocked out. The Germans heavily shelled American positions southeast of Car roceto Monday night and then I two strong enemy patrols pressed forward, but were thrown back, i Allied shells scored hits on what seemed to be two enemy ammunition dumps Tin beachie id battle was detel-oping in cloudy weather with showers. By the Associated Press Here, at a glance, are significant facts about the invasion of Hie Admiralty islands by Gen. Douglas MacArthur’! forces: It projects the Allies into the Bismarck sea bevond the long pfefell' * t» -trier of New RH’.tin and New Ireland. *    * It by passes ltubaul. 380 milos to the southeast. It puts the Allies within 250 miles of Kaueng. It gives the Allies an airdrome from which to constantly blast all shipping moving from Truk to Ka ba ul by w a y of Kavieng. It severs the vital supply line from Truk to Wewak, New guinea, w hich is '125 miles southwest of the Admiralty islands. It helps open the sea lanes toward the Philippines. 1,300 miles from the Admiralty*. On the main Cassino front to the east, British troop- threw back a Nazi attack near Mt. Gnu to in the lower Garigliano river bend, and Allied gun., successfully shelled Her ITALY Pg. 13 Col. 5 I— ZP JHURSDAY IS TEXAS SACRED DAY To All Non-Texans; Tomorrow, pardner, is a sacred , day to us Texans and we'll be pretty busy doctoring otu- patriotic fever and feeling mighty proud of our ^ghtin' anre .tor.' and our boys w ho are carrin" on with the same ole battle veil. adopted the declaration of independence. Then the fireworks started. Four days later 183 men defended the Alamo against overwhelming odd* and pretty soon the Mexicans killed off all our men and things looked pretty bad for Texas They even Nobody however, is gonna come J captured our General Fannin and down with the fever ceptin' the a lot of his men and killed them, banks and they're gonna close Tile i That's when Sam Houston took st of us will be up and runnin* over active command of the Army. around a* usual For March 7. pardner, is Texas Independence Day, tile only holiday of Its kind recognized in the union. Seems like at one time or anoth-% Texa belonged to Mexico and the people got tired of the way they wuz runnin’ things so on March 2, 1836, a convention as sam retreated before Santa Anna j until he reached San Jacinto river and then he let ‘em have both barrels. That was on April 21 and it goes without saving that we won. J Other countries recognized our; independence in 1837, and then in j December. 1845, we joined up with the union. So you see that’s the way it Is, > U I Al MI ll BURI XI ABILENE and Vicinity Partly rloud\ and warmer today; mostly cloudy and warmer tonight and Thursday. Scattered rains Thursday with fresh winds tonight and Thursday. EAST TEXAS Considerable cloudiness and warmer this afternoon, tonight and Thursday: light rain or drizzle in southwest and extreme south portions late ton-ehi scattered • light rains in west and central portions Thursdav WEST TEXAS—Mostly clouds, except partly cloudy in the El Paso area and Big Bend country this afternoon, tonight and Thursday warmer tis, afternoon and tonight; light rain or drizzle in Del Rio-Eagle Pass area and east of the Pecos river tonight and Thursday fresh to strong w-inds in the Panhandle and South Plains, Highest temperature for last 24 hours: 45 Lowest temperature for last 24 houis: 56. TI Mi : RAI I RI -4 Wed-Tue Tue-Mon sembled in an ole blacksmith shop pardner, and we thought wed bet-in the town of Washington on the ter warn vou about them banks frails river and drew up and being closed.    1 A KA l f *., I »■ p for VICTORY1 40 44 I — r . • 42 46 rtk BLY 4i) 38 43 — 2— 4J 48 33 48— 3— 44 NTH) TgM it»Tf I 37 41 — 4— 44 ,1* 38 40— &*— 43 36 DAVINCI 38 40— (j—— 44 54 ; /I 38 40— 7— 44 33 I J W ANO 38 39— a— 42 48 <&£ W\*TA MPS 39 40— 9— 41 46 i 41 40— to— 40 44 44 41 — 11— 40 42 46 41 — 12— 40 42 WASHINGTON. March Back from a week’s re t away from Washington, President Roosevelt began a series of conferences today which emphasized military affairs. On his engagement list were Chairman Vinson <D-Ga) of the house naval committee; Maj. Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer. deputy chief of staff to Adm. Lout Mountbat- j ten in the Southeast Asia theater: and members of the high command of the United States Army and Navy. The American chiefs of staff, - scheduled for an afternoon appointment, were Gen. George C. Marshall, Gen. II. II. Arnold, Adm. Ernest J. King and Adm. William I). Leahy. Tile White House requested that j there be no mention of the retreat where Mr. Roosevelt rested since ITALY TOME l^Penne, >. Pescara ■ j - I ) Vv Gunid'dgiele/ J rjf British j Vt „ A vezzano t '    •    —    L    *    i* .* • M am no - t labileo er n a Coke to Ranger 0 American I \ bt AUSTIN, March I— fP>—Govern-r Coke R. Stevenson spends to-lorrow, Texas Independence Day, ,t( M'j; Ponape Takes Steady Beating U. S. PACIFIC FLETT lfEAD-QUARTERO, Pearl Harbor, March I—ijpi — Ponapc, called Japan’s Gibraltar because of the fortified rock guarding its fine harbor. Is taking a daily pounding by Seventh army airforce Liberators. In a new press release, Adm. Chester IV. Nimitz announced that the big four-engined bombers spread fires and explosions Sunday with 3ft tons of explosives at that eastern Carolines base, Ponape underwent Its first raid i of the war Fob. 14 when 55 tons I of bombs were dropped. Then the Liberators went back on Fob. 17, I 21. 25 and 27. This enemy base Is 435 miles east { of Truk and a like distance west of the newly-won American air | base at Eniw’etok in the western Marshalls. Admiral Nihil/’ pre.xs release yes-; tcrday also told of Sunday; raid- b^ Army Liberators, Mitchells, Dauntless divebombrrs and Warhawks and ! Navy Venturas on seven undcsig-j nated Marshall atolls and a Sat-I urdav strike by Navy search planes at. Kusaie in the eastern Carolines. Loncrgan Juror Yet to Be Seated Admiraltvs are “almost due south of Guam and 1,300 miles from the Philippines.” The islands, he said, stand at the "northern entrance to the Bismarck -‘ea" and the invasion tightens the blockade of the enemy’s remaining bases in that arca. • * • reports mentioned onl“ In* ' a af ion of Loa Negros    which lies off the northeastern up of Manus island, the largest in the I group. Lorengau. on the northeast tip j of Manas, may be tho next objec-- Mve of the Americans. It is on Readier harbor, a 55-mile waterway I formed by a lagoon which could accommodate a large fleet. The Admiraltvs, former German possession and an Australian mandate under th*' Versailles treaty, were occupied by the Japanese in January, 1942. The enemy has been using them as a refueling stop on the line from Truk, 750 statute miles northeast, to New Guinea. The enemy base at Kavieng, New Ireland, which American destroyers have bombed three times in recent days, lies 250 miles to the ca ' of tile Admiral! s; 350 miles to the southeast is Rabaul, heavily bombed Japanese base in northeastern New Britain. Wewak. enemy troop and supply center on the northeastern coast of New Guinea, is 275 milt* southwest. I Rabaul s Lukunai and Vunapope I airdromes and installations were hit with 161 tons of explosives Sun-{ day in another of the heavy daily raids there by Solomom-based air-! craft. It was the eighth consecutive attack in which Japanese I planes had failed to come up and fight the Allied planes, i Other Allied bomber squadrons i smashed the supply area at Hansa bay. on the New Guinea coast, with 123 tons of explosives, and 53 tons were dropped on supply dumps at Boram, near Wewak. The first cavalary division which supplied units for the Admiraltys invasion is commanded by Maj. Gen. Innis P. Swift of El Paso, Tex., and be- - si ^ Caste a ■ Ax* ‘di Sang Nvy,,4i0T Frosinone i L; ^ I ef e Cassino Caste forte*/. . V the h y ’ -J ^4 im aw Sun. ISP-Sunset this morning tonight ... .8:00 . .7 J7 es. WHERE ALLIES OPPOSE (.EUMANS—Labels identify sectors of the Italian fronts where Allied military forces are active against German troops. (AP Wirephoto). bee PACIFIC Pg. 12 Col. 4 MacArthur Ashore, Pins DSC on texan ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, March I—t/in—Gen. Douglas MacArthur has gone ashore at Los Negros island in the Admiralty group where American forces es-, tablished a beachhead yesterday and I has inspected the quickly-captured Momote airdrome. MacArthur, who directed the nm-; phibious operation from the bridge of a warship, was accompanied by Vice Adm. Thomas C. Kincaid and other high-ranking Allied officers. Only 20 minutes before MacArthur arrived. Japanese snipers had been killed on the edge of the important airstrip. MacArthur immediately presented the Distinguished Service I loss to First Ct Frank llen-shaw. Alice, Texas, who was the first man ashore In the landing assault. The supreme Allied commander in the Southw est Pacific walked the government’s proposed Arabian through the debris caused by th< pipeline as an “unjustified venture terrific naval and air bombardment in bureaucracy," and called for the which preceded the landing anc resignation of Petroleum Adminis- congratulated officers and men oj frater Harold L. Ickes on the the First cavalry division on theii grounds of “wasteful spending.'’ I performance before he left the area NEW YORK, March I— T> — With the first Juror still to be seated, rival attorneys tackled again today the job of choosing 12 persons to decide the fate of ROAF Cadet WaMie Lonergan. charged With slaying his 22-year-old wife, Patricia. heiress to millions. The resumption brought no indication of a truce between Assistant District Attom y Jacob Grumet and Defense Attorney Edward V. Broderi k. whOM frequent clashes i have highlighted the case. Pipeline Assailed NEW YORK. March J.—(AA— ! James A Moffett former executive j vice president of the Standard Oil i Co. of New Jersey, today assailed , % ;