Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - June 26, 1954, Abilene, Texas
PARTLY CLOUDYWITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES
VOL. LXIII, NO. 372
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10cABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY MORNING, JUNE 26, 1954—SIXTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
BILLS, DEBTS PAID
Spann Fund Up
SUNDAY HEADLINERS IN REPORTER-NEWS
Big doings are abroad in the land 'these days. There's war in Central America—and in Texas politics. Western leaders huddle in Washington and Asians in India.
Every day has its crop of news—good, bad and indifferent. Only your newspaper gives you the complete, unbiased picture of events of the day.
Your Sunday Reporter-News will be a big paper, bringing you the full report. Following the “all work and no play" theory, the Sunday paper will have stories in the lighter vein. too. For example, have you heard about Palmetto polo? Some Florida folk designed the game, but Texans are taking it over. The Sunday Reporter-News will tell you about it. There’ll be a picture story, too, of a scrap of paper about which our whole banking system revolves—a check.
Sports, farm, oil news, all sorts of news of interest to West Texans will be included in your Sunday paper. You can reserve extra copies at 10 cents each with your agent or at the nearest newsstand.
WASHINGTON, June 25 i*-Th« Senate, acting against the background of civil war in Guatemala, adopted 69-1 today a resolution warning “international communism’’ away from the Americas.
Senators generally regarded it as “a modern interpretation of the Monroe Doctrine,” proclaimed in 1823 when an alliance of European powers proposed to overthrow democratic governments erected from former colonies of Spain in the Western Hemisphere.
Once the resolution is adopted by the House—and prospects for speedy action there look good—it will serve to express the sense of Congress that “interference in Western Hemisphere affairs by the international Communist movement” is intolerable.
The resolution has no force in law, but it could strengthen the administration's hand in whatever moves it makes to halt the Red infiltration of Guatemala or Communist advances elsewhere in Latin America.
The Senate acted within hours after its Foreign Relations Com-j mittee gave a unanimous endorsement to the resoluUon. introduced i by the Senate's Democratic leader. Sen. Lyndon Johnson of Texas.
Sen. Knowland of California, the Republican leader, asked for unanimous adoption by the Senate, but on a roll call vote Sen. Langer 1( R-NDt voted “no.” Langer gave ! no reason for his vote.
Johnson told the Senate in a brief speech the resolution is an “unmistakable warning that we are determined to keep communism out of the Western Hemisphere.” The resolution says:
”... It is the sense of Congress that the United States should reaffirm its support of the Caracas declaration of March 13, 1954, which is designed to prevent interference in Western Hemisphere affairs by the international Communist movement, and take all necessary and proper steps to support the Organization of American States in taking appropriate action to prevent any interference by the international Communist movement in the affairs of the states of the Western Hemisphere.”
CHURCHILL GREETED AT WHITE HOUSE—Sir Winston Churchill, British prime
minister, in Washington, D.C.. for talks to better U.S.-British relations, is greeted on arrival at the White House by President Eisenhower. Mrs. Eisenhower is at center and Anthony Eden, British foreign Secretary, is at right
Atomic Energy, Germany First Conference Topics
Rebels Announce New Capital City
the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
But the assurances to Mendes* France apparently mean that the United States is not prepared to discuss alternatives with Churchill now. in the hope that France will finally ratify an acceptable version of EDC,
The White House, in a terse announcement of what Eisenhower and Churchill discussed today, mentioned only atomic information and the EDC. Informed officials reported they also briefly touched on Russia's policies and intentions throughout the world.
Secretary of State Dulles and Britain.« Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, who have been openly critical of each other s foreign policy decisions, joined in a 2li-hour afternoon meeting in the President's second floor White House study.
The so-called Eisenhower-Church-ill “harmony conference“ got under way shortly before noon, less than two hours after Churchill arrived by special plane with a plea for continued Anglo-American partnership in coping with the threat ol Red expansion.
His black cigar jutting from his jaw. Churchill said he was here to- clear aw ay any British-Ameri-can misunderstandings, and he reminded a welcoming throng that the Communist world undoubtedly was having troubles of its own.
low the President to give an allied nation or regional defense organization information on:
1 The development of atomic defense plans.
2. Training military personnel to use atomic weapons and defend against them.
3 The “evaluation of the capa-bUities of potential enemies in the employment of atomic weapons.’’ Eisenhower and Churchill also reviewed prospects for speeding up the formation of a six-nation European army, of which German troop« would be a part. This program is now stalled because the French ha\e delayed ratifying it. in large part because of fear of a rearmed Germany.
French Premier Mendes-France was reimrted today to have assured the United States that he intends to obtain a vote in the National Assembly on a modified version of this European Defense Community treaty in a reasonably short time.
In turn. .American officials were said to have told Mendes-France that they are not exploring any alternative means for bringing Western German forces into a common defense setup. There had been reports that Churchill, in his talks with EiM-nhower. might press for some alternative plan. One such plan, for example, would be to bring a rearmed Germany into
WASHINGTON June 25 * -President Eisenhower and Prime Minster Churchill today began a round of momentous conferences aimed at ending a grave American British split on the best way to cope with aggressive communism.
But before getting down to the touchy subject of Red expansion in Southeast Asia, the two leaders talked over plans to exchange atomic information and add German manpower to European defenses against communism They apparently decided to delay until tomorrow any detailed discussions of their sharply conflicting Far Eastern policies The United States wants a united front against communism there and looks with grave misgivings at a British plan to approach the problem by signing a nonaggression pact with the Red.v
Talk About Atams For more than three hours, Churchill and Eisenhower sat down in the White House and turned their first attention to their joint dc>ire for a greater sharing of atomic secrets The wartime American-Brittsh plan of cooperation on atomic matters has long since lapsed, but Eisenhower has proposed legislation to give certain information on the military use of atomic weapons to allies for common defense purposes.
The Senate House Atomic Energy Committee late today unanimously endorsed the principle of the proposal but left undecided the question just how far the government could go in divulging information.
Broadlv speaking the bill a« endorsed by the committee would al-
TEGUCIGALPA. Honduras, June 25 .ft—The creation of a provisional government by the anti-Communist Guatemalans, with headquarters at newly captured Chiquimula, 20 miles from the Honduran border, was announced officially by the "Liberation army” in a communique tonight.
The new government is headed by the leader of the revolution,
Col. Carlos Castillo Armas.
The sixth communique put out by the rebel leaders said Chiquimula w as seized this morning and “hundreds of citizens presented themselves to enlarge the ranks of our army'* there.
It added that “the triumph of our forces was jubilantly celebrate by the civilian population which was happy to see themselves free of the Red claw.”
Chiquimula, a town of 8,848 people. straddles the branch railway
which links El Salvador with the main line connecting the east and west coasts by way of Guatemala City, the capital.
The makeup of the Cabinet will be announced probably tomorrow, it was said.
Eight Americans, including a Boston newspaperman who reached the Mexican border from Guatemala City, agreed in a statement that the anti-Communist force* had I leftist President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman's regime “on the run“ after eight days of sporadic clashes and political maneuvers of a nerve war.
The Boston reporter said he had seen 400 wounded government soldiers en route to the capital.
Authoritative invasion sources said rebel planes bombed Ft. Ma-, tamoras in Guatemala City, and scored a direct hit on an ammunition dump at Z a c a p a which j “knocked out” the garrison of that town.
“The cold war is getting hot,”! the informants said.
Informants here could supply few details of the attacks, but Guatemalan diplomats at the U.N. and in Mexico City said three planes took part in the attack on the capital about 3:30 p m. La Merced Church in the center of the city was reported destroyed. The diplomats also reported the bombing of Zacapa and Chiquimula with man}' fires and some casualties at; both places and strafing runs over one or two trains in which seven persons were killed
Associated Press Correspondent Jack Rutledge said in a dispatch j from Guatemala City that ap-1 parently one plane first attacked the city about 2pm, and another shortly after.
Vaughan Sentenced To Life for Killing
LORDSBURG. N. M , June 25 * — Marvin Vaughan, 33. today was
found guilty of murder by a jury of six men and six women in the Feb. 13 slaying of Arizona Lumberjack Amos Burgess The jury recommended a life sentence.
Judge A. W Marshall was to sentence Vaughan tonight.
The jury took tbe case at 3 p m. this afternoon after final arguments.
Dist. Atty. Thomas C. Foy of Silver City asked the jury for a death sentence verdict as he wound up the State’s case.
Security Council Postpones Talks
UNITED NATIONS. N.Y., June ! 25 ie—Despite Russian cries that Guatemala City was being bombed while diplomats talked, the U N. Security Council today put off turther discussion of the Guatemalan conflict until the Organization of American States can take action.
Four members of the Council voted to adopt an agenda listing the Guatemalan complaint of “aggression“ for debate. Five members voted against it and two abstained Seven affirmative votes were needed to approve this procedural motion.
The Soviet Union fought a losing battle to have a debate in the Security Council as asked by Guatemala. Russia voted with Lebanon. New Zealand and Denmark to put the issue on the agenda.
The United States. Brazil, Colombia. Turkey and Nationalist China voted against it.
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ABILENE AND VICINITY - Tutly ctoudy SmturtUv and Sunday »ith a «light cSaic* fnr Saturday artwiKwo show *r> High VHft days 95. Th« km Saturday right *0 NORTH CENTRAL TEWS — Partly dowdy to «toady «itl acaltered »ho» era Saturday and Sunday , not so hot Saturday
WEST TEX VS — Partly cloudy "tth widely acaUered afternoon ami evening tNundershotrera Saturday and Sunday. rxctpt ah 1» era and th und» r show era ta IV) Rio • I a*le Paaa area Saturday. no import an? trmperature change«,
V. VST TEX vs - Partly ctoudy and warm Saturday and Sunday »ith widely teat tered afternoon thundcrahower*
SOUTH CENTRAL TEX VS Cloudy with »howera and thundershower* Saturday becoming widely scattered Sunday Tt VIPER VTl RE«
Fri A M Eri.*r VI
T9 t <a **
Lynch testitied that Stephens suggested that he apply for a G1 loan on another house, telling him that if he wouia do so he would sell him the house Lynch wanted with only a $125 down payment.
Lynch applied for the G1 loan on a house at 2557 Beech St. and Stephens later sold the house to Ralph G. Miller. .
Had Helped Veteran
Judge Davidson pointed out that although Stephens was guilty of a technical violation he had helped a veteran who needed help and the lender who financed the purchase of the other house got a good note and nobody im oh ed had been hurt.
"We believe >ou were motivated by wanting to promote your business but also by wanting to hvlp a veteran, so we feel as if we are punishing you for doing good," Judge Davidson said.
Tom Eplen was attorney tor S<e-phe ns.
Clyde A Harris loan guaranty officer with the VA regioucl of-
See FRAUD, Page 3-A, lot. 2
BY EL PASO FIRM
$2.5 Million Bid For Bose Hospital
Police Chief Named
HOUSTON, June 25 J»~A ed-eral indictment returned against an osteopath today alleged that a quantity of narcotics had been dispensed to Chief of Police L.D. Morrison.
High a mi tow tcinrwatum* Aw it fceur* rtu:«U il i M i m 97 and 7*.
Htgh and tow temperature« «am« date ta*t ywai 193 »ml t*
,sun»«n laat n-ithi t i* pm Sunn»« today > M a.«n Sunne! ton Ubi Ito pm. Barometer reading at f to p m N il Relative humidity at * JO fa. It por cent,
Changes in other postoftices, if contemplated, are not known here. The Post Office Department makes no announcement until it announces resignations Burleson said he had heard of no other changea, although he is not usually informed of any since the positions are handled by patronage which is the hands of the party 10 power.
Wimm i R«w« Spam ,
letton«!« .. Comic« Cl«»»iti«d Foret, Morktti Rodio. TV ,
Oil MW| , , .
ready to operate when the contractor turns it over to the Air Force. (Drawing courtesy Lt. Col. Jack Brown, Eighth Air Force liaison officer)
NEW HOSPITAL—This is a preliminary archiect’s drawing of the proposed hospital at the Abilene Air Force Base. Contract calls for the builder to furnish some equipment and for the Air Force to furnish the balance. The builder will install all equipment and the hospital will be