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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - June 25, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND BOX SCORE ^Overall Quota .......$3,805,000.00 Overall Sales ........ 3,612,677.50 Series E Quota  1,255,000.00 Series E Sales................484,505.75®lje Allene Reporter-DtchMi‘■WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH TOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES.’’-Rvron SUNDAY VOL. LXIV, NO. 9 A TEXAS 2mU, NEWSPAPERABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 25, 1944 -THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated rreu (AD United rte** (U P., PRICE FIVE CENTS Americans Closing In For Kill Five More Nipponese Ships Sunk TfOODS W3tdl NdZiS n.. trip i'Diriftff>v    riistanrp    from    (hp    task    fnrrp    and    all    six    werp    destroyed.    ■ Wreck Cherbourg Thunders on France Bv HENRY B. JAMESON SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sunday, June 25-(AP)-RAF heavy bombers thundered out over the southeast coast of England early today in the fifth large-scale Allied aerial mission in 24 hours with the Germans’ flying-bomb ramps in northern France their apparent objective. fisher County .Woman Killed, Daughter Hurt * ROTAN. June 24—Pauline Casey, 16. who was seriously injured Saturday when the automobile her hear(j jrom calais and Dunker-mother was driving crashed into a arpas .mall culvert five miles south of A. 4 0.dock thLs morning the Ger. Roby, was still in a critical coKdj- man ra(ji0 said there were no enemy tion late tonight, attendants at a1- p]anes over the ReiCh but earlier Van hospital here said Saturday1F night. The RAF attack was made as the robot bombs fell again on Britain after a 15-hour lull. Numerous formations filled the night air, taking three-quarters of an hour to pass over a coastal town, as they opened a new week of aerial assault, combining support for the invasion and defense against Hitler’s rocket weapon. Soon after the planes had passed out of sight heavy gunfire was Bv LEIF ERICKSON U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS. Pearl Harbor. June 24-(/Pt—The sinking of five additional Japanese ships and destruction of 72 enemy planes by American carrier bombers and fighters was reported today by Adm. Chester W. Nimitz. The admiral s communique said a speedy Yank task force sent its planes against Japanese island strongholds within 800 miles of Tokyo In a series of aerial smashes de igned to neutralize Nippon air power within easy range of American-invaded Saipan. The planes were from the powerful task force that earlier In the week ranged far westward to beat strong Japanese fleet units. The latest reported aerial strikes carried American sky fighters over Iwo island, in the Kazan group south of the Bonins, and over Tinian, Pagan and Rota in the Marianas. The Yanks lost five fighters. Added to the toll of ships previously taken by the carrier task force were five Japanese cargo vessels, four small and one medium. A dozen Japanese planes filtered through the Yank sky screen to find the carrier task force but all were shot down by fighters. A twin engine bomber with five Zero escorts was intercepted some distance from the task force and all six were destroyed. None of the American surface ships was damaged Airfields on Tinian island were bombed and shelled by naval guns Japanese coastal guns on that island, only seven miles from Saipan intermittently have shelled ships at anchor off the invasion beachhead Two Nippon planes spotted just off Saipan were downed by Yank fighters. Pagan and Rota Islands were hit Thursday. At Pagan four small cargo ships were sunk and four grounded planes destroyed. A wharf and fuel dump were blasted as were airfield runway* and buildings. An aerial torpedo sank a medium Japanese cargo ship during the raid on Rota where the airstrip and buildings were bombed On Saipan island U. S. Marines and soldiers were pushing forward slowly. They made new gains along the northern shore of Magicienne bay. Land mines and booby traps planted by the retreating Japanese made the going very tough. Navy Venturas hit Shumushu. in the Kuriles. and carried out neutralization raids in the Carolines and the Marshalls. Mrs. Clyde Casey. 40, her mother, was killed instantly. Funeral for Mrs. Casey was held at the Rotan Baptist church at 4:30 p. rn. Saturday. Burial was in Sweetwater "^cemetery. Pauline Casey's attending physician said Saturday it would be three or four dajs before she could undergo X-ray examination, even if she should survive. She suffered ^injuries on the forehead, chest, a broken leg and possible internal hurts. The two were enroute to their LONDON, June 24 —(/Pi- The U. S. Eastern Strategic Air Force announced tonight that German planes raided two airdromes in Russia which are being used by American shuttle bombers, killing three persons and destroying several planes. it told of "nuisance raiders” leaving the Rhine, Hannover and Brunswick areas. Both U. S. and RAF heavies made attacks Saturday afternoon and night against the launching ramps farm home in the Barron View com-1 of the Nazi flying bombs, follow-munity nine miles south of Roby j ing up earlier attacks on the same when the accident occurred. Front targets by medium bombers. Vf the car was rammed into the | body, crushing Mrs. Casey to death (ring Besides Tier husband, Cl.vde Casey, who is a mechanic at Avenger field, Mrs. Casey is survived by her mother. Mrs. W. B. Denton of Ro-%tan, three brothers, John, Jim and Willard Denton of Rotan, and Pauline Casey, her only child. Ciscoan Injured in . ^Rail Wreck Improved A B Cloud, a Cisco railroad man, who was injured in a train collision at Bastrop Friday, was reported improved and “yelling for something to eat” lave last night at Camp Swift hospital V He was one of several injured when an empty troop train collided with another train. One was killed. First reports was that Cloud suffered a severe leg injury. Some .Situ.titles end damage in southern England was reported caused by the attacks of the flying bombs early today. Before one crashed, gunfire was heard and explosion and fire followed. The weather was unfavorable during most of the day, somewhat hampering operations, but the big planes jammed the skyways at sun- ^Rain at Electra ELECTRA. June 24— (2D- Rain I ranging from light showers here to. one inch in nearby communities fell today. The Weather WASHINGTON, June 24 —(2P> — A number of American planes were destroyed on a recent German air road on two Russian airdromes used by the American Air Force in shuttle bombing operations over Europe, the War department announced tonight. Three crewmen also were lost as a result of thr attack on the fields, apparently those used by Italian-based and Britain-based bombers in the shuttle flights over Axis targets. While the type of the destroyed planes was not specified, they presumably were flying fortresses or othrr heavy bombers. Further details were not available. I', S. lUPARTMINT OI COMMERCE WEATHER RI REA!' ~ ARII I NI VNO VK IN ITE; l»ir Slided*' and Monday. WEST TEXAS:    Partly cloudy with widely ^altered thunder shower* Sundae Monday fair to partly cloudy, thunder shower* El Paso area. TI MrrRATl RES Sat. - Tri. HOER ... I.... tai - frl. AM Si - SI I Si - so SI - IS 79 - 77 is - to lf - TV 77 - *4 so - so si - sa si. - si; l> S‘l - S'l (i i - O I r,M 04 • 0.1 os - OI OO - OO 05 - 97 OS - 07 00 - RO 01 . os OI - OI SS - KH - SO - SS - SI High and low temperature* to 9 p m. O' and 77. High and low same date last 'ear: '*7 and 74. Sunaet la*! night S IO. Sunrise this morning: 6:34. Sunset tonight:    0:40. set for their tenth attack on the mysterious, camouflaged rocket ramps around Calais. They also hit a number of railway switching stations around boulogne. RAF Lancasters and Halifaxes also struck the rocket ramps during the late afternoon in what the air minister called a "well concentrated” bombing. After a 15-hour lull in which no flying bombs attacked Britain a pilotless plane was heard to land in southern England shortly after midnight. Fighters and medium bombers ranged far and wide over France, blasting trains, truck convoys, bridges and airfields, and dealing precision attacks on German gun positions in Cherbourg. ’anzio possessions dropped {ROM TRAIN FOUND, RETURNED Mrs. Lou Moore, 1930 North First, a happy woman now. Friday night ie was sorrowful with all her moth-rly heart. It was her son, Elvis, enroute to William Beaumont hospital. El Paso, ■om Anzio beachhead, Italy, who topped his prized battlefront hel-iet and his field jacket out of the ■ain window when it passed irough Thursday night. Elvis had informed his mother p would come through here at ll rn. Thursday. Her home faces ie railway track. She was on the wit porch, the light burning, to ave to him. He saw her, too. and pved. To be certain she would see im he held his helmet and jacket i his hand. He dropped them out of the win- DW. Friday evening he telephoned her om El Paso, to ask if she saw him rop the things. She had not, but they were not by the track side. A Reporter-News story of the incident in Saturday morning’s paper served to bring return of the two articles, made valuable by their use by Moore, a medical soldier, in seven months combit service. A man, whose name Chief of Police Virgil Waldrop did not get. came to the police station yesterday morning and reported he saw a T&P section crew stop momentarily Thursday afternoon while a Mexican member ran back and picked up something beside the track that looked khaki. Waldrop went to Tye and checked with two section crews. There he learned a member of another crew found the articles. He sent a man to a section house east of town and found both helmet and jacket. They were returned to Mrs. Moore. 5th War Loan Taylor county staged the greatest war bond-buying spree of World War II last week, but of $1,146,617.50 bought only $172,322.25 each of Series E bonds. The second week of the Fifth War Loan drive ended with a total of $3,612,677.50 bought, only $182,- 322.50 less than the total quota, but Series E purchases had reached only $484,505.75 on a Series E quota of $1,255,000 This left $770,494.25 of Series E bonds to be bought and there were only 14 me re business days before the end of the Fifth War Loan drive period—July 12. While it appeared the total quota would he exceeded in a couple of days OY so, it will be nece4fcary to sell an average of $55,035 each day.    * Average daily purchases of Series F. bonds last week was only $28,720. In the second week of the campaign total purchases were $1,146.- 617.50 and Series E sales $172,322.25. Callahan Initial County to Go Over BAIRD, June 24 — Callahan county became the first in this 29-county region to exceed its Fifth War Loan overall and Series E quotas as Baird townspeople bought more than $185,000 worth cf bonds at a public rally tcnight. The county’s overall quota of $320,000 has been exceeded by approximately $20,000 and the Series F, quota of $145,000 has been topped by more than $5,000 worth of purchases. Lockett Shelton, assistant regional manager, State W.-,r Finance Committee, said Callahan was the first of vast area under his supervision to report passing both quotas. Tonight’s rally was marked by the presence of two w'fir veterans wounded in Italian fighting. They were Sgt. Manahan and Pvt, Holliday, who came to Baird from McCloskey General hospital, Temple, to take part in week-long rallies. J. R. Black of Abilene, who has six sens in service, was another speaker.    i Maj. David Evans. Army Service Forces Training center special service officer, and the ASFTC band j took part in the pogram. Movie Stars to Aid Sales of Series E A special effort to hike the E bond sales quickly will be made this week in connection with a visit Thursday to the Abilene Army Air base by Stars Over Texas, one of the troupes of motion picture stars now touring the country to help promote the drive. The movie actors, headed b. Peggy O'Neil, now under contract to MGM, and "Big Boy” Williams, the Texan, will be at the base from ll a.m. to I p.m. Thursday. A meeting has been called for Monday at 2 p. rn. of 20 men, each of whom will be asked to buy. or sell, a $1,000 Series E bond. A ticket will be given each $1,000 Series E bond buyer to a luncheon at the base in honor of the movie folk and the fliers stationed there. A musical program will be presented also. However, it was announced by the committee, that any person who buys a $1,000 Series E bond on or after Monday to Thursday morning will be given a ticket to Hie luncheon by the sa Irs agency where he makes his purchase. 8,000 Gather, Clyde And Eula Over Top CLYDE, June 24- (SpD-Eight thousand people attended the joint bond rally for Clyde and the Eula community held here this afternoon and raised $46,725 in bonds to go over the top for both Clyde See AREA, rage 8, Cols 1-2 By GLADWIN HILL SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sunday, June 25—(AP)—American shock troops closing in for the kill last ni^ht drove to within 1.000 yards of Cherbourg's southern city limits, and were so close that observers could see the Germans destroying installations inside the city, which also was torii by the explosion of ammunition dumps. A dispatch direct from the field by Don Whitehead, Associated Press front correspondent, said Cherbourg was almost blotted from view by a black smoke pall as the Americans steadily expanded their deep wedge in cracked German lines despite fierce resistance. The new American penetration occurred early last night, said Whitehead's dispatch which was filed at 8 pm. (I p.m., Central War Time). There also were some signs of enemy demoralization, he had said in an earlier reoort. Headquarters communique No 38 isued at ll 30 p. rn . told of steady progress on a semi-circular front around the city and said "each link In the chain of defenses Is being systematically destroyed" Tile Bulletin said the Americans were less than two miles from the heart of the city, but this version : was outdated by late reports direct from the field. Invasion Plans Studied Since IMO, Altered Bv GLADWIN HILL SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, June 24—(IP)—Plans for an invasion of France were being studied as early as 1940, when tho Germans still were plotting to overrun England, it was disclosed tonight, and at one time the British decided that a single division would suffice to capture the Cherbourg peninsula. Only a short time after the Dunkerque deliverance in June, 1940, Prime Minister Churchill was turning from his pep talks ta the British people to attend secret confer-The    Yank    infantrymen    were    ®nces with tile thru h**d cl com- fighting    through    a    mazp    oi ravine1    operations, Admiral S r and 40ff - foot plateaus where the A French civilian who reached American line* said Cherbourg'* remaining civilian* had hidden wine and champagne with which to celebrate the Americans’ expected entry soon Into the city. r riu&'i' ‘WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERK?’—After the Allies secure Cherbourg, what? Map above shows several possible strategic drives. Those aimed at the Brittany peninsula would have as their objective great ocean ports through which Allied Expeditionary Forres could he poured into France. 2 New Breaks in White Russia Line Reported; Stalin Joyful BY TOM YARBROUGH LONDON, Saturday, June 25—(A’> —Two mighty Red Armies are closing pincers from the north and south on Vitebsk in White Russia and the German-fortified town already is threatened with encirclement. Moscow said early today. More than 7,500 Germans were killed in this area as Soviet infantry fought its way forward with the ma ssed support of artillery and aircraft. the Russians asserted. In closing in around the Nazi fortress. Hitler's closest rem;ming outposts to Moscow, Red troops made two new break-throngtis in Nazi defenses to the south, advanced forward up to 25 miles in the (north and lengthened the whole ! central fighting front to approximately 150 miles. More than 900 places were liberated in fighting on all fronts yesterday, including more than 290 which had been held by the Finns in the lake region to the north. The early morning supplement to the Russian communique said the Germans were rushing reinforcements into the battle for Vitebsk by forced march from the south. The last remaining railway into the town from the Germans' rear wa* cut Friday on the first day of the offensive on the main eastern NAZIS HURL FRESH ARMOR, AIR FORCE INTO CAMPAIGN BV GEORGE TUCKER ROME. June 24—(/Ti -The Germans hurled fresh armor and (heir air force into the battle of Italy today, but French elemerts of the Fifth Army thrust on through the mountains to the south bank of the Ombione river at a point about 115 miles northwest of Rome. In this advance, the Fifth Army overran Roccastrada, which is about 70 miles southeast of Pisa, near w'hich the Germans are preparing a stand, and the strong resistance apnarentlv was a bid for more time The point reached on the Om-brone was six miles northeast of Roccastrada. The French had to fight through the heaviest enemy artillery fire of the week and thread through heavy minefields to reach it. West of Roccastrada on the coast another column of Allied infantry and tanks was fighting at the outskirts of Pallonica, which straddles the coastal highway leading north to Pisa. Bad weather, which has given the Germans some respite from tactical air attack, did not keep a force of from 250 to 500 U. S. Liberators from blasting the Ploesti oil fields of Romania today for the second straight day, and attacking a rail bridge over the Oltul river on a main line from Ploesti to central Europe. Fires blazed in the harbor and storage area of Giurgiu, 40 miles south of Bucharest, which was bombed yesterday despite strong aerial resistance which (fist the enemy 31 aircraft, a communique announced. Ten Allied hrav bombers and right liber planes are missing from Fridays operations,' in which Mediterranean Air Force planes made 1,500 individual flights in spite of unfavorable weather. On land, the Germans registered one of their few successes since the big Alii. I push began by recapturing ChiUM, nine miles southwest of Lake Trasimeno on the center of the front. The British Eighth Army beat off counterattacks north of Perugia, which lies east of the lake, captured the village of Corciano and cleared the enemy from Monte Gioga, three miles north of Perugia. front. Fighting grew In ferocity, but the supplement said Red troops were hitting relentlessly at disorganized Nazi formations and were moving ahead on both sides of Vitebsk On the northwestern flank of the town more than 2,000 Germans were killed and huge quantities of equipment destroyed or captured Southward toward the rail junctions or Orsha and Mogilev, where the new break-throughs occurred, the supplement said approximately 3.500 German soldiers were slain in bitter battles. Six hundred dead were counted in one small sector, Moscow added. Premier Stalin announced in special orders of the day that the t.wo-day old 'offensives northwest and southeast of Vitebsk had been expanded to 50 miles on each side of the town and in addition new break-throughs farther south in the direction of Orsha and Mogilev were revealed. The momentous Soviet successes on all active fronts were recounted in a series of three special order* of the day bv Stalin and the regular nightly communique, which said a total of nearly a thousand places had been liberated in the wide-spread fighting. Announcing gains of 70 to 25 miles northwest of Vitebsk and 15 1-2 miles southeast of that Nazi-fortified town in the first two davs of the new offensive on the main eastern front, the pirmier said that another break-tlnough had been accomplished In the direction of Orsha, an important railway junction approximately 50 miles south of Vitebsk. This new puncture in the German lines in White Russia was made to a depth up to 9 1-2 miles on a front 12 1-2 miles wide Stalin devoted a special order to each of three battle zones—the Finnish front, the wedge northwest of Vitebsk and the fighting to the southeast of that place—and directed a salute of 20 rounds from See RUSSIANS, Pg. 8, Col. 2 Germans were dug in with guns 1 sn moiitlfed as to ii? dotti a murderous cross-fire. They also had cracked a formidable concrete barrier in tile city’s southern outskirts, finding only four bomb-dazed Germans alive in a nile of dead. British naval forces thwarted a German tea escape attempt early Saturday morning, sinking possibly five small German ships, as the Americans ashore battered their way toward Cherbourg from the south, east and southwest. The Americans had the support of Allied artillery firing at point-blank range Air supnort also was thr cio*e*i vet, so close that American officers had to withdraw their forward patrols early yesterday a* hundreds of IL S. Marauder medium bombers blasted the German pillbox positions with 250 tons of explosives. American airmen were only a few minutes flying time from Cherbourg, using nrwlv-rreated Normandy land ing fields. Information reaching headquarters was hours old, and It was considered possible that American patrols might already have entered Cherbourg (German broadcasts acknowledged American break-throughs at four points around Cherbourg termed the city a "fire-spitting hell" and said its thousands of defenders were retreating into the city only after firing their last builet. Berlin again declared that the port was being shelled by Allied warships, but there was no Allied eon firma tic in > The first German attempt to flee by sea from the doomed city was smashed bv British light coastal forces, headquarters disclosed "Two enemy vessels were destroyed and three more believed sunk." out of an escorted convoy of seven small ships, the communique said The *hips presumably were See INVASION, Pf. 8. Col. 5 Roger Keyes, said r source which must not be identified. This source described the plan* as having taken this course: By the time the commandos had returned from their Norwegian forays in December, 1941, the British army staff college was working on the specific problem of recapturing the Cherbourg peninsula. The experts agreed that a single division could do it but that the invaders probably could not get much farther than the peninsula. They figured that the Germans wrouid open thr tidal floodgates in the lowlands at the base of the peninsula—just as was fruitlessly done in meeting the present lateral attack—and thus seal off the invading force. In July, 1942, the United States army chief of staff, Gen. George C. Marsh (Ll, \lsited England secretly, and it finally was decided to attack North Africa first. In that connection, it was said that the rumor that the choice lay between a British and an American "second front" plan was untrue. Both plans were laid by mixed teams of American and British officers. The Dieppe raid of August, 1942, showed the planners that a big continental landing would be a dubious success without heavy air and sea bombardment in advance. Tile final plan for the Invasion of France was begun during the Sicilian campaign last summer, and the Sicilian lessons were learned well. Abilene Stores To Close July 4 July 4 Is one of the regular holidays for firms that are members of tin Abilene Retail Merchants association and they will be closed all Tuesday cf next week, C. R Pennington, manager, said yesterday. Pennington said that there had been some talk of stores closing both Monday and Tuesday but that a poll of member firms indicated they did not wish to do this, but to close Tuesday. July 4, only. FRENCH HOSTAGES KILLED BY NAZIS IN GROUPS OF 10 PORT BOU, Spain, June 24 —(AP) : _ In a bloody attempt to halt sabotage, the Germans were reported today to be shooting French hostages in groups of IO in several villages and towns between Toulouse ! and Borgeaux as saboteurs severed both rail and canal communications I between thr Mediterranean and At-1 lantic in southern France, At the same time another report reaching here said the Germans ■ nad scored a victory over French Maquis, cr guerrilla forces, in one Jura mountain town but that the J battle was but one of many ranging ; I between the Nazis and southern1 I Frenchmen. Approximately IOO Frenchmen , have been shot in southern France | I by German firing squads since Wed-I nesday, a report said, relating that J several weeks ago the German com-1 mander of the Tarnetgaronne department ordered all mayors of ; towns and villages along railroad 1 and canal routes of the area to keep day and night guard against sabotage. The Saturday following D-Dnv, the report said, both canal and railroad routes were cut. The next night the Midi canal locks were dynamited. Last Thursday morning, a W it lies.* said, a force of 200 Germans t armed at the little town of Gren-; adc. north of Toulouse, and selected IO Frenchmen at random. The hostages were machinegunned in front of the populace which had been as-I sembled by the Nazis Similar executions took place the I same days at several other towns in the district. The report said a number of German soldiers had been slain recently by snipers. ;