Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - June 17, 1938, Abilene, Texas
“ WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES,"-Enon
VOL LVi 11, NO. 20.
ABILENE, TEXAS. FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 17, 1938.-SIXTEEN PAGES
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PRICE 5 CENTS
WITH FILIBUSTER BALKING MINTON—Congress Wrangles To Close Of Stormy Session
LINDBERGH'S ROBOT HEART 'LEARNS' HOW TO BREATHE
By JOHN LEAR
NEW YORK, June 18.—HP>-The mechanical heart Col. Charles A Lindbergh built to keep organs alive outside the body has “learned'’ to breathe.
That development toward artificial life was reported today by Dr Richard Bing, of the department of surgery of Columbia university college of physicians and surgeons.
Up to now. Dr. Bing wrote in the current issue of the magazine Science, the Lindbergh heart—‘perfusion pump” is its technical name—had to be fed dissolved oxygen instead of as
similating the oxygen from the blood as body tissues do.
Now, he added, an assimilation method has been developed.
This breathing ability J? Important to the famous flier's invention in keeping alive vital organs like kidneys, pancreas nerve tissue, which require large amounts of oxygen for survival.
The breathing of the Lindbergh heart as Dr. Bing describes it is a simplified version of the human breathing system. Our bodies take in oxygen through the lungs, where it la
taken into the blood, and combined with other substances to form hemoglobin, hemocyanin and other pigments which color the blood stream. The blood vessels carry these substances through the body until they reach the tissues, where the oxygen is taken out and used.
In the mechanical heart, the lung function is eliminated. At first. Lindbergh and his collaborator in the development of the heart, Dr. Alexia Carrel, tried to introduce oxygen through red cells. This, Dr. Bing said, did not work because the cells produced methemoglo-
bin "after six or eight hours, making perfusion for several days impossible.”
When perfusion stopped, the artificial life process stopped. So Dr. Bing set out to find another way. Instead of hemoglobin, he tried hemocyanin as the carrier.
It, he reported today, eliminates the trouble. Not only does it supply more oxygen than the present method, he said, but it is “superior for perfusion over long periods.” And the organs which are being kept alive arctically can breathe it.
KING GUSTAV 80
FOLLOWING STREAM'S SUDDEN RISE—
Five Believed Dead In Plains Flood
ILLNESS FOLLOWS ON HEELS OF STORM ORPHAN'S ESCAPE
Sturdy Donald Rutledge Loses Round Cheeks, Cries Fretfully In His Bed
By MAURINE CASTUS ROE
June 16 aas most unhappy for little Donald Rutledge It aas his third birthday, a day he could not share with mother and daddy, for they were among Clyde’s 14 tornado victims.
But more than that—Donald was a sick little boy His illness had nothing to do with the catastrophe he and baby brother Daryl survived last Friday night while the tom bodies of his parents were tossed down in a field a half mile away.
Monday he develooed a severe diarrhea. He has since grown weaker, -*-, his condition complicated by hem-
Forger Admits Cheating Banks
LC8 ANGELES, June IC—LPV-F? Wa! Bure. • *f Invest!'*- pf*
agents announced today the arrest and confession of a “master forger” here, which they said, cleaned up a two-man combine that has robbed between 400 and 500 banks of several hundred thousand dollars.
Clarence E. Mahaffey, 33. son Of a Knoxville, Tenn. minister, was arrested in a Hollywood bungalow last night, after a nationwide search since March I, 1937. January 3 Mahaffey s partner, Edward Leo Davis, was captured at Wautoma, Wis.
John H Hanson, astern in charge of the FBI office here, said the swindle of the Albuquerque, N. M,
National Trust and Savings bank on March I. IPP.T. was typical of successful operations of the pair extending over several years.
Hanson said Davis, using an alias, presented a check drawn on an Albuquerque attorney. The teller telephoned to the attorney's office and was advised the rhrck was genuine. It later developed that Mahaffey, under an alias, had made an appointment for the attorney to be out of town, and was in the attorney's office and had telephoned that the check was good.
Hanson said he had been told the
two men operated In every state but Maine. Delaware, Vermont and New Hampshire ”
Hanson said the two men conceived their scheme while inmates of the New Hampshire state prison seven years ago
“Mahaffey has been residing in Las Angeles since the fall of 1937. during which time he would travel to adjoining states to engage in criminal activities, his most recent activities having taken place at Amarillo Tex and Reno. Nev.”
Garner Checks Out
WASHINGTON. June 16. —— Vice President Garner didn’t wait for the adjournment of congress tonight. He boarded a train for Texas at 6:45 p rn. leaving the reins of the senate in the hands of Senator Pittman tD-Nev) the president pro tem.
Many of the visitors vino railed yesterday at the home of his grandparents in Clyde, where ‘he little orphans of the storm are being cared for, were turned away at the door of the bedroom where Donald was suffering.
Many of them bore gifts in the hope of making the day happier; there was 124 in moray which had been contributed through the Reporter-News at the suggestion of someone who sent in ti as a birthday gif’ and signed only “A Child Lover;” there was even a birthday rake None of these could cheer a sick little boy.
MY TI MMY HURTS’
The few visitors who saw him found their hearts toucned anew with tears. He had changed from the round-faced youngster who faced callers and the Reporter-News camera with a bewildered smile last Saturday morning. His face was thinner, and so were his arms and legs, which were quite sturdy six days ago. His brow was hot to the hand late yesterday. He cried and cried even when Mrs. R. J. Johnson. his maternal grandmother, gathered him in her arms and slowly walked back and forth across the room, trying to ease his discomfort.
Nor was his pa: amal grandmother, Mrs. E. F. Rutledge, who also lives at Clyde, any more successful In quieting him. The also was In attendance at hts bedside.
Eased for a few momen s, the little boy lay tense on the bcd “My tummy hurts, he mumbled over and over. His eyelids half closed over clouded blue eyes.
CAKE PIT AWAY
Three representatives from the Reporter-News went to Clyde yesterday afternoon to take the gifts which had been sent to the newspaper for Donald
They couldn't cheer him even with Si gay striped sunsuit which Flo Harper. PBX operator, had carried as a gift Daryl, however gurgled and smiled over a string of blun and white wooden beads winch Flo had thoughtfully brought along.
The grandparents, with wan but appreciative smiles, spoke their gratitude for the gifts which were Donald^ yesterday. Besides the $24 in money, there had been clothing and fruit sent from Merkel, toys which ordinarily would have
See BIRTHDAY, Tg. 3, Col. 6.
Train Hurtles Into Red River
Brakeman, Chest Crushed, Swims Out Of Torrent
By The Associated Press
Streams surging upward on swift rises cauked by torrential downpours in the eastern Texas Panhandle Thursday were feared to have claimed five lives.
Highway bridges were washed I out, railway lines carried away, and roads badly rinmaced in heavy scattered downpours along the Texas-Oklahoma border of the Panhandle. FIND FIREMAN’S BODY
A family of 'bree identified as Mr. and Mrs. Bert Freeman and I three-year-old son of Wichita Falls apparently were swept to death from a bridge over treacherous east Lelia Lake creek near Clarendon. Their flood-hammereff automobile. s pair of shoes and a pair of trousers were all searchers had been able to find.
Swift current of the usually-dry 8alt Fork of the Red river near Wellington balked rescue workers seeking M V. Griggs, engineer of a Fort Worth and Denver freight train which dropped 60 feet into the stream through a washed-out bridge at 3:30 o’clock Thursday morning.
The bodv of C. F Burton, fireman on the train, was found late Thursday half submerged on a sand bar in the Salt Fork 13 miles northeast of Hollis, Okla.
J. W. Bradshaw of Brownwood who went to Hollis thinking the body might be that of Griggs, his father-in-law made the identification.
BRAKEMAN III PT BADEY
The body was found 26 miles I downstream from the wreck. Must of the clothing had been torn from it by the current's force.
After an extensive search, high-: way department workers and volunteers considered remote the pos-■ sibility that three automobiles, re-! ported seen heading for a washed out bridge between Wellington and Shamrock, had plunged through into the flood waters.
The bridge, a $100,000 structuie, collapsed when flood waters undermined piling about midnight.
Oldtimers at Wellington said it was the most sudden and damaging rise in 35 years. Two other bridges in addition to the one at Wellington went out when the pounding driftwood drove the pilings from under th, em.
Dick Brown, brakeman on the wrecked train, went down into the driving current of the river with the locomotive but struggled to safety, half swimming and clinging to a log. five miles downstream.
He dragged himself from the river and made his way to the farm home of Andy Bell, who summoned an ambulance which carried Brown to a Shamrock hospital. He had a
See FLOOD. Pg. 3. Col. 5.
PULCHRITUDE IN ABSENTIA— CITY'S IN JAM
Abilene’s pretty girls should make themselves knowrn at the chamber of commerce office.
Manager T. N. Carswell frankly admitted Thursday that he was facing a shortage of beauties to supply demands for Abilene sponsors at various celebrations in West Texas this summer.
He didn t mean to Insinuate that Abilene doesn’t have plenty girls of the good-looking variety. But the chamber of commerce needs to know just who they are.
A bathing beauty Is needed right away—in fact today, tomorrow and Sunday—to enter the beauty contest at Fort Stockton's annual summer water eamlval, sponsored by that city's chamber of commerce.
A week later—June 24. 25
and 28—a sponsor is needed to represent Abilene’s pulchritude at the summer rodeo and celebration at Electra. Invitation hss been extended by Glen Clark manager of the Electra chamber of commerce.
July 13, 14, 15 and 16. Coleman will stage a big celebration and rodeo. It Is expecting a sponsor from Abilene.
Then there is the Texas Cowboy Reunion at Stamford for three days including July 4, It Is imperative that Abilene be represented at this event.
STOCKHOLM. June 16.—
—Sweden gave a tumultuous ovation today to tall, benign King Gustav V., the world’s oldest ruling monarch, In celebration of his 80th birthday.
Tears came to hts eyes when his people presented to him a check for 5,000,000 kroner (|1,» 250,000*. a gift to help the nation’s fight on infantile paralysis. The check was in a chest Inlaid with gleaming sapphires, gold and silver.
Cactus Prick Fatal To Dunn Resident
COLORADO, June 16—1 Spl)— A cactus prick which she received in her finger Sunday afternoon proved fatal to Mrs. V. M. Elliott 47. of near Dunn at 1:45 Thursday morning. Mrs. Elliott was brought to the Colorado hospital a few hours before her death.
Bood poisoning was given as the caus? of death.
Survivors include the husband and three children, William Reid, 19, Virgil, and Onie Sue.
The funeral will be held Friday at 3 pm at tho First Methodist church here. It is to be conducted by the Rev. C. E. Jameson, pastor.
Heiress Weds Clerk, Defying Her Parents
ROCHESTER. N. Y., June 16.— (JE)—Love conquered riches In a storybook romance today when pretty, socially prominent Rosemary Webster gave up a mlllioi -dollar inheritance to marry a $il a week clerk in a county welfare home.
Miss Webster, 21-year-old debutante daughter of Dr. and Mrs. David H Webster of New York and Stamford, Conn., defied her parents to Marry Paul Gilson. 23. son of a Canton. N. Y.. tailor. Tile wed-: ding culminated a four-months I college romance
Wylie Captains M'Murry Drive
Methodist leaders of Abilene named Robert B. Wylie Thursday as chairman for a $50,000 McMurry college endowment drive in the Abilene Methodist district
Procedure to be followed and date of launching of the campaign will be decided by Monday. Wylie said. The local drive is a part of a $300,000 endowment campaign officially launched Sunday in all churches In the Northwest Texas Methodist conference.
Methodists of the Abilene district will raise $150 000. but $100 000 of that has been conditionally pledged by five Abilene men, leaving but $50,000 to be raised.
Remainder of the Northwest Texas conference is allotted the remaining $150,000.
Attending the meeting Thursday, at which Wylie was elected, were Sterling Wooten named secretary of the campaign: Dr. T. W. Brabham. president of McMurry; J. Arite Garner. Mrs. L. M Touchstone. Presiding Elder C A Bickley, the Rev C. A Long, the Rev. J. H. Hamblen, the Rev, C. A. Williams, E R. McDaniel, S. M. Jay, Victor Womack. O. P Thrane, C. E Hicks and Wylie
India Counts 15,000 Dead From Cholera
LUCKNOW, India, June 16- JP— Forty-four out of 48 districts In the united provinces were rrpnr'rd tonight to have been affected by one of the worst cholera epidemics in recent years.
Yesterday’s estimate of 12.000 deaths in the seven-weeks-old outbreak was raised to 15.000 out of 30.000 cases. Entire villages have been wiped out as the disease spread through the united provinces.
Thinned Ranks Of Ex-Rangers At Convention
Only 18 Register For First Day Of Coleman Session
COLEMAN. June 18— (Bpi ‘—Thin ranks of the Texas Ex-Ranger’s association arrived in Coleman Thursday for opening of their annual convention.
Only 18 fo the picturesque officers who belonged to the most respected law organization the Southwest has ever knowrn registered today. The convention is being held at the replica of the famous Camp Colorado, and will continue through Friday and Saturday.
Major George B. Black, Comanche, presided at the meeting S. W. Cooper, secretary of the Coleman chamber of commerce made the address of welcome and Major Black gave the response.
Mrs. R C. Gay of Santa Anna Introduced all ex-rangers present and C. H. Hufford, Coleman school superintendent, offered a toast to the Rangers.
Judge J. K. Baker, Coleman attorney’. paid tribute to the ex-Ran-gers and Col. M. L. Crimmlns of San Antonio delivered an address on old Camp Colorado. He told of the visits of Fitzhugh Lee, Gen. Robert E Lee and Capt. Jack Hayes, to the old fort.
During the evening the former Rangers heard a concert by the Coleman high school band, a negro quartet, an orchestra, and a floor show arranged by Elen Beck of Coleman.
Committee appointments include: nominations—Hadley Roberts of Albany, Noah Armstrong of Coleman and S. N. Sparks of Milburn. Oklahoma; memorial—C. M. Grady of Brownwood, Tom Dunagan of Dallas and J. Allen Newton af Galveston, re, lotions—Luk I, v” of Del Rio, P B. Carmichael of Abilene and John F. Oliver of Dallas.
Others registered were J. E Tucker of Sunset, A. T Mitchell of Lampasas. W. H. Roberta of Llano, John Mengus of Slaton, T. J Wood af Brady, J. J. Or pen of Spur, M, R. Cheatham of Rockwood, Capt. John R Hughes of S Paso and Lee Knight of Lometa.
Senators Applaud Fight On Arms Race
WASHINGTON, June 18.—(J*'— Several prominent senators indicated today they would favor some move to halt the “mad armament race.”
However, there was no Indication the administration considers the time ripe for such an attempt. Secretary of State Hull, commenting after the question was discussed in the British house of commons today. Informed reporters the United States government had not approached any other nation on the subject.
WAGE-HOUR, CROP CONTROL, SPENDING RESULTS HAILED
Burke Charges Designs On Freedom Of Press In Opposing Lobby Funds
WASHINGTON, June 16—(ZP)—The 75th congree, which came In like a lamb in January. 1937, went out something like a lion tonight, with Roasevelt friends and Roosevelt foes quarreling to the last.
Before the senate knocked off work for the year at 7:28 p. rn . Central Standard time, an angry filibuster defeated an attempt Dy Senator Minton <D-Ind), administration supporter, to obtain $12,500 more .or his senate lobby committee, a center of furious controversy.
The house, too was the scene of much hard feeling almost until the final gavel. But members there did manage to put on something of a “love feast” at the very last.
Chairman O’Connor <D-NY> of the house rules committee arose to praise Representative Snell (R-NY>, the minority leader Srifll praised Speaker Bankhead. Bankhead praised Snell, and then broad
ened his remarks to take in the whole house.
FOR PRAISES RESULTS
“You cannot find anywhere in America a finer cross section of patriotism, intelligence, devotion to duty and high character than you will find in the house of representatives,” he said,
A cheer went up, and a short time later the chamber adjourned, at 8:06 p. rn.
Previously President Roosevelt had sent a message saying that the session had “resulted In much constructive legislation for the benefit of the people.”
“Definitely,” he said. “we are making progress in meeting the many new problems which confront us.”
He apparently referred, among other things, to passage of wage-hour legislation, crop control and a renewal of the administration's spending - lending program, for which congress voted $3,753,000,000 today.
CRITICS CITE GAINS
On the other hand, critics of the administration pointed to their accomplishments, Including crushing defeat of the government reorganization bill, and elimination of all but a fragment of the tax on undistributed profits of corporations.
The senate’s filibuster was conducted upon the frank and im us us I basis of being just that. Its leader was Senator Burke tD-Neb)# who contended Minton wanted to violate freedom the press by using the ’•* <v' study certain ne”- japers.
“We have heard some ta.* about 1 filibusters today/’ Burke said. “The time has come for s practical example of a filibuster/’
Minton defended his course with an assertion the press had given un- J fair treatment to the adminlstra-
Texans Take Leading Roles
Congress' Affairs Handled Ably By Lone Star Solons
WASHINGTON, June 18—.^— Eyes of the nation, as well as Texas, were on the Lone Star state’s congressional delegation and on Its No. I citizen—John Nance Gamer —while the 75th congress was in session.
Few vice presidents have wielded as great an influence on the affairs of the nation as did the ruddy, white - haired statesman from Uvalde as president of the senate. Gamer was a silent but powerful figure In determining senate policies.
JONES AIDS FARMERS
I In the hou?e of representative?. a little, bald man from Northeast Texas guided matters. He was bam Rayburn, a bachelor from Bonham. As majority leader he guided controversial administration measures ; there.
It was the work of a quiet in-agsummg Panhandle lawyer that contributed largely to the passage
i bf tm n J farm act. As Jiairman of the house agricultr* .% -rmlttee. Marvin Jones of Amarillo presided over hearings that lasted months J to consider the important legislation.
He fought for its passage on the , . . . floor. Later he Introduced amend-
lion. He contended that an lnquirj men Is to the relief bill which wrere into its methods would “not invade adopted, providing that farmers the freedom of the press. need not necessarily be on relief
Burke had thmgs all his way, to work on the WFA during their and finally Minton decided not to slack seasons.
push his resolution. I Hatton W. Summers of Dallas,
FARM POMER EMPHASIZED chairman of the house judiciary The adjournment tonight shifted committee, was one of the most
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to the croas-roads hamlets and crowded cities of the nation a battle between Ute Roosevelt administration and the conservatives of the nation for control of the direction of government.
All the seats in the house and third of those in the senate will be at stake in next falls elections, campaigns which find administration officials opposing many senators and house members, including democrats who have opposed administration policies.
The final day of the session served among other things, to emphasize again the strength of farm influence in Washington. Congress enacted, over the president’s veto, a bill to continue cut-rate interest on loans to farmers by the federal land banks.
One of the last barriers to adjournment was cleared a little later in the day by the negotiation of a compromise on a $289 000,000 deficiency appropriation bill. LAST-MINUTE RUSH
Nearness of the hour brought virtually the entire senate membership to the floor and crowded the galleries. Many sena tors sought the floor In last-minute efforts to obtain passage of cherished bills, or to set their record straight on a variety of issues.
In this setting, the senate approved a final compromise cm the $3,-
influentlal figures in congress.
Chairman of the house rivers and harbors committee, which successfully pushed through authorization of $37,000,000 worth of waterway improvements throughout the nation, was Representative Mansfield of Columbus.
Fiery Maury Maverick from San Antonio was one of the most colorful figures In the congress.
Both Texas senators. Sheppard and Connally, were among the most influential members in their body. By reason of having served more consecutive years in the capitol (house and senate) than anyone living, Sheppard was known as the “dean of congress.”
'Spy' Squad Chief Convicted In Bombing
LOS ANGELES. June IS.—(£»>— Capt. Earle E. Kynette, former police “spy” squad chief, was convicted today of attempting to kill Har-adjournment ry Raymond, a private detective, with a bomb.
He and two fellow officers. Lieuts. Roy J Allen and Fred A. Browne, were tried on four charges, and Browne was acquitted on all of them.
Kynette and Allen were convicted of malicious use of explosives, which caries a possible penalty of
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753.000,000 lending-spending bill by one year to life in prison. Kvnette which President Roosevelt hopes to also was convicted of assault w.;h promote economy recovery; over- intent to commit murder, which rode the presidential veto; adopted carries a prison term of one to 14
years, and attempted murder, not See CONGRESS, Fg. I* Col. 7. more than 20 years.Fights With President Help 75th Congress W rite Political History; D emos Split On Supreme Court
Bv The AP Feature Service
WASHINGTON. The story of the 75th Congress is an obituary | with a moral. The moral is that you can’t tell by looking at a baby what kind of a man he will become.
Born January 3. 1937, the 75th congress looked for all the world like a dullard. Deceased June 16, 1938. it has w’ritten into the books perhaps more political history than any other congress since the Civil war.
STF. AM ROLLER DIDNT ROLL
When the 75th congress met for its first regular session, the democrats ruled house and senate by better than 75 per cent majorities. And Franklin D. Roosevelt, just re-elected by the most votes ever given a candidate for president, sat in the driver s seat of the new deal steamroller.
But the steamroller didn't roll, very far.
For one month all went well. The president, in his message to con-
TWO VIEWS ON THE BIG CONTROVERSY
“Th* Administration Has a Short ,
Memory’’—Lewis in Milwaukee Jour- 1 Moving Spirti — \introux
cal. Charleston Gatette.
gress at the beginning of the ses- , sion, credited the new deal with having licked the depression. He outlined a modest legislative program for continuing his * olicies There was every indication congress would give him what he wanted and get , out of town before hot weather.
Then, on February 5, Roosevelt himself tossed the first monkey wrench—the proposal for enlargement of the supreme court. Things * in Washington haven’t been the same since, and echoes of the court fight reverberate wherever people talk politics.
FIGHT OF THE C ENTURY
The president asked for an over- : hauling of federal court procedure and personnel, specifically for authority to appoint one additional j supreme court justice for every one more than 70 years old who refused to retire.
From February to August congress battled w ith increasing bit- I terness. The nation Joined ti ie “leg- |
Vt*,** vmctoKj* o*m
N, OLO WAX
“Planned Agriculture Detroit Ne**.
•» — Thomas in
Islative fight of the century” with “the fate of the nation at stake.” Joe Robinson died on the firing line. The senate refused to tinker with the supreme court. And the president defeated, settled for a few reforms to speed up federal litigation and a law permitting supreme court Justices to retire on full pay at 70.
Meanwhile, congress had done little of the work the president had planned for it.
Besides passing the two lesser
judiciary bills, it authorized a federal count of the unemployed, adopted a new housing act, provided money to help farm tenants buy land, closed some loopholes in the income tax laws, applied the neutrality act to the Spanish war, worked out a new scheme to aid the soft coal industry, set up a system of sugar quotas.
MATTERS LEFT HANGING
But left danging when congress adjourned August 21 were these:
wage and hour legislation, a comprehensive farm program, government reorganization, anti-lynching legislation, expansion of tile TVA idea into a nation-wide system of regional planning.
To clean up the left-overs and, possibly, to revise anti-monoply legislation, the president called congress back for a short special session November 15. All that meeting got done was to appropriate a half-billion dollars for housing.
That brings our obituary of the 75th congress up to the session now ending—the second regular session, which began January 3, 1938. By then there were new complications;
1. The new depression.
2, Var scares.
The court fight already had weakened the president's control
ju's^5SSf'^ OUT his democratic majority. Now \ ’ffiTv.'r- also he was on the defensive against
Spending And Taxing
; charges that the new deal was re-Sp** CONFLICT. Pg. 3. Col. 8