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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - June 4, 1944, Abilene, Texas BACK THE ATTACK Buy More Than Before * In Fifth War Loan Drive! Overall Quota    $3,805,000 Series E Quota    1,255,000flit Abilene Reporter -Betag SUNDAY‘WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKI CII YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS COES. -Byron • VOL. LXIII, NO. 352. A TEXAS SmLb, NEWSPAPERABILENE/TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 4, 1944 THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS **satiated rte** (AP) United Pre is ,u.r.) PRICE FIVE CENTS^ Rome’s Fall Matter .Allied Landings .Made on 3 Islands By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor American and Australian amphibious troops invaded three ^rnore islands off the New Guinea coast Friday, Gen. Douglas MacArthur announced today. All three landings were unopposed. The three-fold operation, flanking ground action on Biak and New Guinea, was carried out while Japanese armies were being driven southward in Burma and southwest China, ®\ind themselves made another big stride in their sweep - __   through central China Soviets Repulse German Attacks .North of Iasi FOUR JAP TARGETS Japan's main industrial centers are fairly closely concentrated, centering in four areas: (I) Tokyo-Yokohama; (2) Nagoya; (3) Osaka-Kobe; and (4) the northern part of Kyushu Island. Japan has made great efforts to decentralize war industries, distributing some among home workers in households; dispersing others into Manchuria and along China coast at Tientsin, Tsingtoo, Shanghai and other places. LONDON, Sunday. June 4—(/Pi— German forces fighting a bloody battle for a strategic hill position ^near Stanca, north of Iasi in Ro-Pmania, brought up reinforcements and attacked incessantly yesterday for the fifth consecutive day. but were repulsed in every thrust, Moscow said early today. The broadcast midnight supple-^ment to the Russian communique ^declared that Soviet troops "bv powerful fire from all types of amas” checked the enemy and inflicted heavy damage. In the day’s savage fighting the Russians "wiped out up to a regiment of German infantry and burned out and disabled 17 enemy tanks and self-propelled guns as well as eight armored troop carriers and three armored cars," Moscow stated. Continuous air battles were fought in the Iasi area in support of the struggle on the ground, the supplement said. Berlin said the hill feature, "enabling the Germans to overlook the entire Soviet assembly area,” was captured and held despite repeated Russian counterattacks, while Moscow said repeated German tank and infantry assaults had failed to take the hill. The Stanca region rises above the marshland between the rivers Jipia and Prut, and has been bitterly I fought for ever since the beginning of the German offensive five days ago.    _ Shackelford Turns § Down Beer A9ain 9 ALBANY, June 3— (SpD-Shark-elford county vot^d against legalizing the sale of boer Saturday. Four of the lo county boxes had reported, with a total of 996 votes —361 for legalizing the sale and P 636 against, Tire other six boxes will contain only 160 to 175 votes An election in September voted out legalized beer. Koshi OKOHAMA The Weather v S. DEPARTMENT OF TOMMERCI i WEATHER HI REM ABILENE AND A M INITY — Tirtlv j rlnuch Sunday and Monday. Frrnh wind*. WEST TINAS—lifiierally fair Sunday and Monday. Not nulU ac warm In Panhandle and South Plains Sunday, j Fresh lo occasionally strong winds. FAST TENAS—Partly cloudy Sunday ; and Monday. Not quite so warm in extreme northwest portion Monday. Fresh winds. TEMPERATE RES Sat. • Frl. MOI R ... I ....... AM. 71 - 73 71 - 7'J 72 - 7i» 72 - NII 72 - «S 72 - IIH 73 - KH 75 - 71 71 - 73 SO - 73 S2 - 77 so - sn Sat. - Frl. P.M. SS - SI HI) • SI B2 • sn sn • sn so - sr, st - st St • S2 . SI . 79 ,79-77 - 7A . 73 74 High and low temperature* to 9 p.m. S! and 71. High and low tame date last sear: ION and 75. Sunset last night:    8:4*. Sunrise this morning:    dill. Sunset tonight:    8:13. U. S. Sixth Army troops splashed ashore on Wi and Owendi islets, both within artillery range of the Japanese positions on Biak, major island of the Schouten group. On Biak other Sixth Army troops drove Nipponese from open ground north of Bosnek. the American base. One hundred Japanese suicides were found after one counterattack was repulsed. Seven of 15 raiding Japanese planes were shot down over Biak. The Australians landing was on Karkar, 35 miles northeast of Ma-dang and offshore from their ad-) Vance up the coast toward bypassed enemy garrisons. Only last ' night Tokyo radio announced Lt. Gen. Shigeru Katagiri, commander of the Madang garrison, was killed in action two months ago. That was before the Aussies took I the town. In one of the most sensational sorties over Japan's Caroline inlands a solitary Liberator was credited with inflicting 500 Japanese casualties in a surprise raid on VYoleai. Truk and Puluwat were again hit in daily Carolines strikes while other bombers swept deep into the Dutch Indies. Rocket-firing Allied planes and the "grim courage and determination” of Chinese infantrymen forced Japanese troops southward in the battle for the Burma Road, dispatches from the Orient said I yesterday. The first use of flying rocket batteries bv fighters and bombers in the Asiatic theater broke up Nipponese attempts to relieve beleagur-ed garrisons in North Burma. The airborne bazookas blasted trains and rivercraft headed for Myitkyina and Mogaung. Much Japanese ammunition and equipment was captured by Americans inching forward inside Myitkyina, while other columns drove on it from the north an northeast. Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell, directing the fight for the Burma road, credited Chinese "courage and determination” for gains in mountainous southwest China. They drove into the outskirts of one town, pressed toward another and repulsed a counterattack at a third, all north of the Burma road in Yunnan province. One column of a three-pronged Japanese drive down the Hankow-Canton railway drove to 35 miles northeast of Changsha representing a gain of 12 miles. Another was stopped 40 miles to the north. A third successful amphibious landing across Lake Tungting was reported 80 miles east of Changsha. A lone American naval pilot dominated the Pacific aerial picture with a daring low-level attack on once mighty Truk. He blew up an ammunition dump, probably sank one ship, left two others in flames, and started fires on two islands. Three air strikes were made in the Kuriles on the northern approaches to Tokyo. As Allied forces continue their inexorable hop-skip-and-jump progress in the Pacific, Jap press and radio expresses worry of Tojo and Co., over possible Allied attacks on their homeland. One reason for Nips’ jitters can be seen in map above, which shows how enemy's main production centers are concentrated in four areas, all within a short bombing run.    _ _____________ In Opening Salvage Campaign Downtown- COURTHOUSE CONTRIBUTES TWO TONS OF PAPER Nearly two tons of salvage — enough paper to make individual containers for 2.000 75mm. shells to be sent overseas — were contributed by offices at the county courthouse Saturday. Army trucks picked up the load as a part of the ciry-wide salvage campaign W'hich began Saturday morning in the business district, continuing in the residential sections today. All county offices, Including those in the Taylor county agri culture building, contributed to the campaign. Most of the paper, however, came from surplus stored in the basement from the office of the county clerk. Vivian Fryar, and the county tax collector and assessor, Pat Patterson • • • ; Included were chattel mortage* dated a* far back as 1804 and up to 11930. The mortgages must be kept I six vears or longer. E’ertion mater- SALE OF MILLION DOLLARS IN BONDS GOAL HERE THIS WEEK A million dollars in bonds next week is the purchase goal set for Abilenians in the pre-Fifth War Loan campaign in preparation for the formal opening of the drive June 12. City Federated club women Monday will open the first of three downtown sales booths and will Join banks and postoffice in issuing to each purchaser tickets for the Abilene Army Air base show which will launch the new drive June 12 at the Paramount theater. Purchases of series E, F and G bonds during the pre-drive will count toward the county’s overall quota of $3,805,000, C. M. Caldwell. 84 Finnish Firms Put on Blacklist WASHINGTON. June 3. (ZH-The United States, seeking to force Finland to break its alliance with Germany, tonight blacklisted 84 Finnish firms including two headed by members of the Helsinki cabinet. The action, the most drastic taken against Finland in many months, means the Finns will suffer economic penalties after ac well as during the war under the new policy of continuing the blacklist in operation in the postwar period. The 84 firms are the first to be placed on the American blacklist. The two cabinet officers involved in the blacklisting operation are the foreign minister, Henric Ramsay, and the minister of defense, Gen. Rudolf Walden. county chairman, said yesterday-These sales since June I already total $137,375. An additional $10 -OOO in shor: term bonds has been pledged by the Abilene city commission. • • • Two steering committees for the Fifth War Loan campaign were named Sat', rday by Caldwell George i Barron, Bd Stewart and Roscoe; Blankenshi) are assigned to the city and Tttn Eplen and Elmo Cook to the reminder of the county The two crmmittees will select sub-committeenen and allot work to be done. 'These nen will be doing a lot of hard, free work,” Caldwell declared, "and ever man and woman shot rally armed them and help this drive over quickly and cheerfully. "Local ssuing agencies are in dead na mist about this and report splendid ooperation already from our citizen who indicate thrv are ready to my early and liberally * * * First o the clubwoman’s three bond bootis will be in the lobby of the Went Texas Utilities building. Mrs. L. E Dudley, president of the city fedeation, announced. Two others wil be opened in downtown locations soon. Special bond delivery service will be off ere* purchasers who will call the bootl, Mrs. Dudley said. No ho tse-to-iouse sales project is planned n this drive. “We ar appealing to the women to buy a1 the bonds they can before the drive opens," Mrs. Dud- See B<WD DRIVE, p*. 15, Col * ial such as ballots and other old records was also included in the amount. Loose paper was packed Into 28 bales, and with boxes and bonks of many kinds, was tossed into the collection. No figures from th** remainder of the business district pickup were available. Capt. Norman Turnbull, chief of salvage at Camp Barkery, in charge of the city campaign, last night urged residents to put today’s drive over "with a bang." Sixty Army trucks were to begin pickups at 8 I rn., continuing throughout town until all districts are served. • « • Captain Turnbull cited that each person must salvage seven pounds of paper each month if the United States is to fill its quota of 8.000,000 tons of scrap paper. Almost every one of the 700.000 different iteim of material to be packed for going overseas must he whapped in paper. as explained in this week's Life magazine, he pointed out. Six hundred mills are operating iii the Itnited Staten to reprocess waste paper, turning it into pulp for the finished paper hoard. Urgent need for reprocessed paper is evidenced in the requirement for 1,069 square feet of paper to wrap a P-51 in parts for shipment overseas. according to Life, Captain Turnbull said. Solons See No Need For Manpower Law ; WASHINGTON. June 3 --UT' Chairman Paul V. McNutt explained to three dozen legislators today the War Manpower commission’s order putting industrial hiring under control of tile federal employment servive and Democratic sena-\ tors said afterward they believed the plan would make manpower legislation unnecessary. All male workers outside agricul-: tore will be subject to the order, effective July i. as a means of re-| lieving labor shortages. Employers will be able to hire male heln, except for farm jobs, oniv with the approval of the U. S. Employment Service, and a system of priorities will be set up to channel workers first, into the more important war I industries. I Nazis Dispoil Land, Pillage Homes in Flight BY EDWARD KENNEDY WITH THE FIFTH ARMY SOUTH OF ROME. June 3—(ZP! -The Germans were in retreat south of Rome tonight and the skyline of the eternal citv—crowned bv the dome of St. Peter’s — stood out clearly despite the smoke and dust of battle. The German defenses were crumbling under the blows of the Fifth Armv and American armor and the enemy fell back, despoiling the countryside and pillaging homes in his retreat. As I advanced with the forward troops there still were many German Dockets of resistance behind us and they raked the road with machine gun and shell fire. These pockets were being mopped un. German resistance, though fierce in places, was limited to delaying stands to cover withdrawal of major formations and artillery batteries. The Casilian Way was littered with wrecked German guns, tanks and trucks and strewn with the bodies of Germans so recently killed that they looked like men sleeping by the roadside. In the countryside between the Appian and Casilian Ways American infantry units were pushing ahead, racing with one another to lead the chase. German opposition came in spurts as pockets opened up on advancing tanks with anti-tank guns, and ; small arms fire until wined out. One large pocket which delayed American armor for some time finally was annihilated when six batteries of artillery were turned on it. The Germans also left many snipers behind. Some were concealed in trees, others in corn fields. The country folk cheered the Americans in the newly liberated territory bul they had suffered loo much in recent days to be very happy. Germans had entered the farm houses and carried out wine. food, furniture .beds and even trinkets and had destroyed much of what they could not cart away, peasants reported. “They came in with pistols and took everything, even my razor," said one man. "They have been stealing everywhere There is nothing left to eat in all this countryside.” He offered soldiers a bottle of wine which hr said he had hidden from the Germans by burying it and he asked for food. 8TH, 5IH MEET~ AT HOLE IN ROAD WITH TMF EIGHTH ARMY ON HIGHWAY SIX. Italy, June 3 ■ iZPi An American came booming down Highway Six in a Jeep shortly before noon today, pulled up sharply at a deep hole in the road about IO miles east of Valmontone and there a more or less official meeting with the Eighth and Fifth armies took place. Except for holes blown by Germans, Highway Six now Is open from the Eighth army to Valmontone The American was Warrant Officer George Mitra, attached to a U. S artillery unit with the French units of the Fifth army. He told an t ic lith Army reconnaissance unit which greeted him that he was from Penn. Sylvania and all members assumed that was a very important place and didn't inquire what part of Pennsylvania. Mitra said he was making a little reconnan alice of his own looking for transport, but while there was plenty of transport in this area his artillery unit was on the wrong side of a hole Which tile Germans had blown In the road at a point where a culvert drams a gully. Hours Americans Racing In From Two Directions By SII) FEDER ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, June 5—(AD— American troops raced through Home s outer approaches from the south aud southeast tonight under orders to destroy th© retreating Gorman armies, five of whose 18 divisions already have been practically annihilated and whose defensive lines have been blasted apart. With the city’s skyline in easy view of the advancing American armor and infantry, it appeared that within a natter of hours Rome might become the first European capital to he liberated from the Nazis. Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark, commander of the Fifth Army, instructed his subordinates, however, that the immediate task was to pursue and destroy as much as possible of the German 10th and 14th armies and that entry into Rome Coast Bombings Continue; Single Fighter Missing would come afterwards The belief grew, however,! that the Allied forces closing in on a pocket in the northern , edge of the Sacco valley still held by the enemy could hope to trap only a relatively small. proportion of the German units which earlier had been reported there. This was supported by front-line accounts tonight showing that, de- J spite its apparent speed, the Ger-! man retreat was not a rout Present distances of the Allies from Rome were not disclosed, but front dispatches indicated clearly that they were short and growing shorter The Americans were thrusting up both the Appian and Casilinian way* and across open country, while other Allied troops converged on routes leading up to the city. The British Eighth Army, which had pushed up through ‘he Llrl and Sacco valleys, made » junction with the Americans An the Via Gasilina IO miles east of Valmontone shortly before noon Saturday and continued towards Rome on that route. The Berlin radio broadcast that Rome now was "free of armed forces," indicating the possibility that the c'ty might not be defended. Allied headquarter* already had announced that if the Germans chose to fighht for Rome, the Allies "will be obliged to take appropriate military measures to eject them." Tonight the Allied command broadcast, over the free Italian radio at N ipies to Italian Partisan forces inside Rome, declaring "Rome’s liberation is at hand” and apprising them gf their duty to locate mines Rec ITALY, Page 15. Col. * TANDON, June 3—iA*)--Thr ramparts of Europe—under vast new aerial pressure of shuttle raids by American planes using Russian bases—were blasted on the we** twice today by U. S. Fortresses and Liberators without the loss of a single bomber. Both the assaults by U. S heavie* were directed against the Nazis’ invasion coast of northern France and out of a total force of perhaps 1.000 bombers and fighters taking part in the double operation, only one fighter failed to return. The Pas de Calais region also was hit Friday by Fortresses and I Liberators without loss. Thus the cost of three attacks on Hitler s I vaunted west wall by nearly 2,000 plrr.es dropping an estimated 4.500 j tons of explosives has been one single-engined plane. This means that only one man is missing from a total of nearly 16.000 airmen flying against Pas de Calais in the last two davs— an example of the way in which air units are paving the xvay for che landing of ground forces at a , minimum loss of life. While the heavy bombers were hitting the coastal fortifications, hundreds of fighters and fighter -bombers of both the American and British sections of the Allied Expeditionary Air Force ranged back and forth across France and the low i countries in a series of attacks on (the enemy’s transport and communications. Berlin Says Rome Free of Troops ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples. June 3, (AV-With It* armies nearing Rome, the Allied command today placed upon the Nazi military the responsibility for making ♦ lie city a bloody battle held or withdrawing and sparing It further ravages of war, and the Germans countered quickly with a claim that Rome "(an be regarded as a city frer from armed forces.” Issuing a special communique, one day after Poi* Pius expressed hope that Rome "at all costs may be saved from becoming a theater of war,” the Allied command said the United Nations forces "have only taken and will only take military action against Rome insofar as the Germans use the cl’y, its railways and roads for military purposes." Promptly the Gemi ni propaganda agency Transocean countered with what it called an official statement bv s German foreign office spokes man r erning the pontiff’s plea, I* said: On the German side, everything has been done for months to present Rome from such fate. Rom* today t an be regarded as a city flee of armed forces." Thp Allied communique declaeec* ti;,’ United Nations forces to be interest only in "the destruction and elimination of German forces’* in Italy, adding that every pos-I sible precaution had been and will . be taken "to spare innocent civilians and cultural and religious monuments of permanent value to civilization.” “If the Germans choose to defend Rome," the communique said, I "the Allies will be obliged to take appropriate military measures to eject them. It is therefore the sin -i cern hope of his majesty's govern-j ment and the United States government that the enemy will not i make this ill-considered choice.”Girl Teletype Operator Causes Erroneous Announcement of Invasion NEW YORK. June 3— (ZP) —A ung British girl teletype operator iployed in the London bureau of e Associated Press punched out strip of practice tape tonight and [thin a matter of moments was re-onsible for transmission through-it the United States and Latin nftrica of an erroneous announce-ent that the Allies had landed in ance. Through almost incredible cir-imstances, the error slipped irough the most elaborate system safeguards and censorship ever tablished both by the Associated cess and Allied authorities. The girl, Joan Ellis, had been ■acticing on a disconnected maline. and in violation of instructs included in her exercise this •gent message: “Flash Eisenhower’s headquarters announce Allied land ings France.” At 3:39 p. rn., Central War Time, the flash appeared on the iZPi’s direct London printer in New York and was relayed immediately throughout the I’nited States and to Latin America. Less than two minutes later came a message. “Bust that flash,” and word was sent out at once to editors to withhold publication. At 3:44 p. rn. another london message directed that the flash be “killed,” and this was done. In the two-minute interlude between the erroneous flash and the withhold order, however, the incorrect news had been announced over many radio stations in America and at some baseball parks. In New York's Polo Grounds the crowd observed one minute of si lence after the word was given over the loudspeaker system. In Ciudad Trujillo, capital of the Dominican Republic, newspaper sirens were sounded and crowds gathered, only to exclaim in disappointment when the error was announced. The error was caught quickly enough so that it did not appear anywhere in print. In New York and elsewhere newspaper and radio station switchboards were almost instantly swamped with inquiries from persons who had heard the original and incorrect flash but not the “kill.” The London bureau of the Associated Press cabled this explanation: "The flash erroneously stating Eisenhower had announced Allied lands in France was transmitted by a ne! teletype operator in a wholly ^Authorized test of a perforator. "It mtAed without authority of censors Ad without knowledge of the editorial staff, which had no such cop' on hand "Experaiced operators saw the flash on thf printer and immediately noified New York and the editors, tio sent a ’kill.’ "Both tutorial and traffic staffs were uider strict instructions neither ti prepare nor to practice with any such kind of copy, against the possitflity of precisely such an incident. "Joai EM* the young operator win err' d, said she had been practicing on a disconnected machin* and thought she had torn up all that tape and thrown It away” “However, before transmitting the first ‘take’ of the Russian communique she said she Inadvertently ran through part of the tape that she thought she had destroyed. "TI e wholly mechanical error occurred in one of the busiest periods of the evening, which the tearful operator said probably accounted for the fact she did not notice her mistake at once. "The censors were entirely unaware of the transmission." “The girl was one of several operators authorized to transmit on the direct facilities and fully and individually instructed to send only material passed by. the censor and .<*0 stamped. Each operate has signed a secrecy form affirming he or she understood his full responsibility. “In this instance, however, no copy such as that wrongly transmitted had parsed through the regular guarded editorial and censorship channels The censors are not concerns! with traffic routine nor physically able to keep tab on practicing operators. Nevertheless censorship also is taking added precautions. "Mis., Ellis 22 and has been with the Associated Press since January, 1S44 Prior to that she had four years experience as a teleprinter operator in    the WAAF (Women's Auxiliary Airforce.)’’ The Tensors in London work from the typed copy prepared bv reporters and editors, not from teletype perforator tape. Since in this case there was no 'copy,* they did no! know about (he erroneous flash until . , It had been transmitted. The teletype system operates with a roll of narrow paper tape in which holes are punched as the operator manipulates a keyboard. When the tape Is then run through a transmitting machine, each of these series of holes causes a different electrical Impulse which causes the printers at the receiv-! ing end to print the different letters and characters. The sending operator also has a printer at hand for "record copy” purposes. Thus it is possible, as occurred in this almost unheard of instance, for the tape, with its code-like rows of holes—unreadable except by the highly-experienced — to be run through a transmitting ma-! chine hours or even days after it I was actually perforated. The big American radio chains, NBC, CBS, Blue Network and Mutual, all interrupted programs to carry tho erroneous flash, and again to announce the correction, which they repeated at intervals during the evening. By coincidence the Britts Broadcasting Company at thet was broadcasting a dramatic enactment of the Dunkerque e, of four years ago. The BBC not receive the false flash, but anyone tuned in on its pn the impression might easily been gained that invasion w progress.    J The German radio late J evening broadcast a I count of th* error. lady ;