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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - June 2, 1944, Abilene, Texas BACK THE ATTACK Buy More Than Before P In Fifth War loan Drive! Overall Qua fa Series E Quota Abilene Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT COES.'-Bvron VOL. LX1II, NO. 350 A TEXAS NEWSPAPLH ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 2, 1944-EIGHTEEN PAGES Associated Press (AP) UrtifM Fiea PRICE FIVE CENT3 AMERICANS IN SIGHT OF ROME Puppet Regime Takes Control of Bulgaria Yanks Sneak Past Defense LONDON, June apparently has been taken over by the Germans through a puppet regime In the same manner that they assumed control of Hungary last March. A transocean dispatch broadcast tonight by (he Berlin radio an- nounced the formation of a new Sofia government headed by Ivan Bagrlannv, 53-year-old former minister of agriculture and one-time adjutant of the late King Boris, as premier and foreign minister. Bagrlanov, one of the most pro-Avis of Bulgaria's politicians, visited both Germany and Italy as minister'of agriculture in 1941 and returned with a proposal that the Bulgar farm economy be placed completely under state control, as In Germany. Rejection by Bogdan Phllov's cabinet of his Ideas of reform along Fascist lines led to his resignation Feb. 4, 1941. and he had since been out of the government. The transocean announcement lifted a silence which had cloaked Bulgaria since the resignation of Premier Dobrl Bojilov's cabinet under pressure from Berlin to Increase Us war contribution and from Moscow to get out of the conflict or suffer the consequences. Since Rojitov's fall last week neutral reports have said the Germans poured troops into the country and took over command of the Bulgarian army to Integrate It Into defense against the anticipated new1 Russian offensive. Dfsslrlcnl army leaders were reported to hare fled. Cain Pacific WASHINGTON, June Wake, Truk and Ponape isiands, now in Japanese hands, have been bombed by United States planes, the Navy reported tonight. The attack on Guam was made by Army planes on May 28. In the assault on Truk atoll on May 30, one fire was caused which was visible for 150 miles. The Army also made the attack on Wake island, By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor A resurgence of Allied advances against by-passed Japa- nese in the southern Pacific was reported today by Gen. Douglas MacArlhur a few hours after amphibious Japanese troops swept across lake in a growing central 9 China offensive. Reinforcements poured onto Biak island in the Schouten group where American infantrymen were hailed temporarily by fixed enemy defenses. Two hundred miles eastward on New Guinea's coast infantry patrols ran the number of Japa- nese dead in the Wake-Sarmi sector up to Far to the southeast Aus- USDA Reports Rains Damage Jexas Sections AUSTIN, In the week ended May 29 broke drought conditions in the low roll- Ing plains, the. south half of the high plains and the Rio Grande plains fctit delayed field work and caused damage in other sections, the U. S. department of agriculture reported today. The department presented this crop by crop review; Wheat: Prospects Improved In the principal producing counties of northwest Te-.xas, the ncrthern counties of the low rolling plains, the cross timber area ?nd the black- lands. Corn: Generally did not make good progress although rain saved or improved many fields in the ex- treme south. Some central counties had a good althcugh late crop. Grain Sorghums: Prospects in the west and northwest improved al- though there was some interruption In planting caused by rain. Peanuts: Benefited by rains In the south but planting was delayed In northern and eastern areas. Cotton: Conditions mostly favor- able. Planting was delayed in south central, central and eastern areas and the planted portion was becom- ing grabs'. Moisture conditions im- proved In the dry areas of north- wes; Texas. Early cotton in soulh Texas ranged from half grown bolls In the valley to blooms in the coas- tal bend. Flea hoppers were caus- ing damage In the early counties kalians, pressing up Alexi- shafen, closed tighter a vise on thousands of isloated Japa- nese. The Aussies advancec to Guru, midway between Alexishafen and the enemj slrpngrjoint at Hansa bay. 'On the long quiet Solomons fron' Allied a'mphiblous troops made an other landing on Bougainville Islanc seven miles southeast, of Torokina iver in a sudden expansion of thel Empress Augusta bay beachhead. The Japanese amphibious actlo in the continent carried them int he heart of central China's ric bowl and threatened the stronghol if Changsha from a third side, The operation by-passed Chang eh, scene of the bloodiest, fightin n last fall's rice bowl battle. The Weather The lineup of oilier ministers as announced from Berlin: Interior: Prof. Alexander Stanlschtv. H. Gen. Russi Russev la holdover, which indicates he yielded to German military Finance: Dimltar Savov. Agriculture: Prof. Douche Koslov. Trade: Clirisio Vassilev. Education: Prof. Michael Arnaudov. Transport and Public Works: Boris Kolchev. (A Hungarian news agency broadcast recorded by U. S. government monitors said that various decrees the organization of Indus- trial production" were prepared and "shopping hours were Ilxcd for Jews" by Doeinc Sztojay's Hungarian cabinet BIG BOMB CRATER IN LONDON German air raid left this hig bomb crater in a street just outside St. James Palace (not shown) in London. (AP Finnish Firms Go On Blacklist Of U.S. Today WASHINGTON, June United Stales is expected to take another step tomorrow showing displeasure over Finland's cooperation with the Nazis. It will be the inclusion for the first time of Finnish firms on the blacklist. Although companies in all the neutral and sonic- nations associated with the Allies have been put on the list already, no Finnish firms have previously been prescribed. Americans are forbidden to trade with firms the list. Because wartime barriers have cut off trade between this country and Finland, black-listing of Fin- nish concerns would have mainly postwar implications. Both the L'nlted States and Bri- tain have made it clear that com- panies on their blacklists during the war cannot expect, once the shooting stops, to put back on equal footing with those which did not aid the enemy. Finland and the United States are not at war although Britain and Russia are nt war with Finland RetKiiST" King Peter Urges Unity Of Factions Additional Poundin n y LONDON, June formations of medium bombers and fighters struck out across the English channel toward the French invasion coast late this afternoon after a 35 mile advance forj heavy RAF night assault on three strategic French trans- ilumn of the massive C. 5. nr.PARTMENT OV COMMERCE ivr.ATiir.ii m'RF.Au Anil.F.SF AND VICIN1TV: Partly elnaflv Trlday ind palariUT. PAST TFAAS AND WEST TEXAS: rarllj- rlnuilj- Friday and Saturday. TF.Mrr.RATI.Rt 5 Than. Wed. Thnrj. Kit. A.M. P.M. M "J I......... fn M SI M it t' ti in si :j Kith !U and tail >ra I Irmj-rrat-j Illlh in.l It, 51 ar.d 13. represented a .he western col :hree-pronged drive southward. It )rought the three spearheads on an even line along'a 100 mile front. lesser gains were made by the main central force and the eastern flank. women anrl children fled from Changsha yesterday before the threat of advancing Japanese armies which are tak- ing control of more territory in central China than they are losing lo Hie Allies In southeast Asia and New Guinea. However. American and Chinese infr-.nlrymen. slogging through the muddy Mogaung valley in north Burma, wiped out the Japanese garrison at Malakawang. U. S. Sixth Army troops who fell back earlier in the week on Biak Island, off northwest New Guinea, in Ihe face of a Japanese ambush and tank attacks, turned to wiping out sniper nests and consolidating their positions preparatory to re- suming their advance. Chinese field dispatches reported that with the Japanese 40 miles from Cliangsha, the town had been evacuated by unnecessary Civilians, shops closed and newspapers sus- pended. Changsha Is the principal obstacle in the Japanese march clown Ihe Hankow-Canton railway, directing southern China. Ameri- can air bases would be cut off by a successful enemy campaign there. American airmen were active over all Oriental wartronts. They ruled the air over Honan province, where motorized Japanc.se columns con- trolled the land. Over the Pacific. United States bombers wound tip May with the llth strike of the month against the Kurlle Islands, hitting Shumushu. northernmost ot 1 this chain leading from the Aleu- 1 Hans lo Japan. LAST OFFICER OF SOUTH DIES SHREVEPORT, La.. June 1 stilled '.cday the fighting heart Gen. O. R. Gellette. 59. reputedly las', sur- vivins commissioned officer of the Confederate Army, who during his life refused o.Uh of allegiance to the United States because he considered the war between the states unfinished. "We never lost." the white- niustachcd veteran exphined. "The north outnumbered us. We whipped Ihe hell out of those damned Yankees, f don't care whnf the books say." Death came to him qulelly today as he sat in the American Legion service office oi Cadiio Parish co'.irthouse. A heart at- tack was blamed. 20 Auto Accidents In City During May A total of 20 auto accidents two injuries and one death was in- cluded on the Abilene traffic rec- ords for May. as with 19 wreck'. Iv.o injuries and no deaths In April, Capt. C. A. Veteto an- only porlation centers. The daylight raiders roared out in the direction of Bou- logne and Dieppe, but the Ninth Tactical Air Force an- nounced only that Marauders, escorted by Thunderbolts, at- tacked military objectives "in northern France." Operations of the British Second Tactical Air Force were on a re- duced scale, but a number of of- fensive patrols were flown by fight- ers and in one a German plane was shot down by long-range Mustangs off the German Island of Borkum. RAF night raiders apparently maintained the offensive. Long af- ier dusk the Berlin radio warned that nuisance raiders are ap- proaching western Germany. Murky uealher over the channel held the Allied daylight forces lund-baunu during the early part of the day but clear- ed in lime for a series of flights against Hie Nazis' already ivell- battcrrd lactleal targets. The RAP opened (he month of June wilh an attack which made it clear that the of the railroads" had not ended. A strong LONDON, June ing Peter of Yugoslavia taked his crown on a post- var plebiscite in appealing to lis people today for unity vhile within the country Mar- tial Tito ordered his inde- pendent Partisan forces to trike at the enemy on the eve of the big Allied blow at iermany. In a last-minute effort lo heal he factional cleavage Inside Yugo- lavia, the young monarch Is send- ng the vc-teran Dr. Ivan Subaslc, whom he commissioned to form a new government, lo Bari, Italy, to hp.cct representatives of TIlo and icn. Draja, Mihallovlc, commander of yugosl.iv armies in the govern- ment headed by Dr. Bczldar Purlc. Peter's appeal today mentioned leither Tito nor Mihallovlc, Nomin- ally the latter still Is commander of the Yugoslav army, but Britain and Russia have flatly announced 'hey recognized Tito as the chief military leader. The 20-year-old Peter said Su- basic would not name his new gov- ernment until he met all resistance elements. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, June American troops in a spectacular, danger-fraught night timt advance have pierced the Germans' powerful defense line before Rome, encircling the enemy stronghold of Velletri and capturing a towering ridge of the Alban hills from which' they could see the dome of St. Peter's. Without specific detail, a field dispatch fileti at p.m. said "American troops fighting in the Velletri sector of Alban hills have made new gains tonight." The original penetration was Wednesday night. A htter dispatch from Asso- ciated Press Correspondent Daniel de Luce with the Fifth Army said tonight that Vel- letri is "practically surround- ed" and that the Fifth Army forces are pressing toward other objectives closer to Rome on highway 7. Kcnuclh Dlxon, Associated Press field correspondent who accompan wresp Yanl I LONDON, Friday, June j The Red Army, launching success- ful counter-attacks yesterday against the German drive north o: lasi in the Moldavian province o Romania, killed 800 Nazi soldiers and knocked out IB tanks. Moscov. announced early today as the bat tie went into Us fourth day. The broadcast Russian commu nlque. recorded by the Soviet mon- itor, indicated that the action was en a smaller scale than In the two previous days, saying that 18 Ger- man tanks and 15 planes were des- troved during the day. This contrasted with what Ihn communique called "precise data" of the fiEhtins May 30 and 31. .n which 148 German lanks were de- clared disabled or destroyed and 197 planes shot down. Berlin itself told in the German high command communique of "tough enemy resistance and fierce counter thrusts." A German propa- Farm Loan Assrn Directors Named ganda broadcast also acknowledged that Soviet resistance had "stiffen- ed considerably and said the Red was counter-.ittnckinp nl some points to regain lost terri- tory." Russian dispatches from the front BUFFALO GAP, June Four directors of the Abilene Na- tional Farm Loan association re-elected at the annual stockhold- ers meeting today. The meeting, held at the Prcsbytcjlan Encamp- ment grounds, was attended by ap- proximately 175 persons. Directors renamed were C. D. Varnrll of Potobl, Henry James, T. O. Massc-y and Emmctt Chandler of Abilene. Ehr.o S. Jones of Tus- cola was n hold-over member, hav- ing served only two of his three- year term. Tile directors will meet in Abilene next Tuesday to elect officers for another year. In his annual report. V. B. Caro- thcrs. secretary-treasurer, told ol the payment of 151 loans, totaling In full since the last regu- lar meeting 20 months ago. During that lime. 67 new loans, tol.illne were made. The associa- tion now has K9 loans in Taylor county, totaling No loan is. delinquent. The association re- cently paid Its borrowers a five per led the Yanks In a moonlit "sneak" onto 3.000-fool heights behind the Nazis' main defenses, said in a loyed dispatch: "All day long soldiers have been dclouslng these heights, cleaning out snipers, machine-gunners and lluld enemy patrols which already arc frantically trying to light their way out of the trap. Already hundreds of prisoners have been taken ar.c it looks from here like encircled Velletri Is soon due to fall to Fifth Army troops." The German radio Indicated today that Velletri already had been abandoned, but there was no official Allied confirmation. The bitterly-resisting garrison o Vellelrl was caught between the doughboy raiders holding Monti Arlemlslo, two miles north and northwest of the town, and the main Allied striking force lighting Its wa Into the tottering bastion from th south and east. Between Velletri and Valmonlonc another principal bulwark of th ienemy's defense wall before th Eternal City, American Iroonj lia almost1 twovmlles up tli volcanic slopes find 'seized a poln on Mount Peschii ridge, hlghcs feature of the Alhan hills. Dot Yank spearheads were within i miles of Rome's ancient city wall. The noclurn.il slab through the Nazis' elaborate, possibly the decisive "break" In what had threatened to become a protracted struggle for tbc Alfoan accomplished without a shot being tired. Sev- eral hundred American Infan- trymen ciaivlcd and scrambled In ghostlike stealth up almost jtcriiciulicular slopes through tbr German linrs, anil at dawn they were tlujf In In conifliandlny positions. Allied troops tonight were rcpor ed moving steadily through tr- breach In the Nazi wall, consolida Ing (heir positions despite vtolci opposition from enemy 11am throwers, artillery and tanks. A lied headquarters described tl gains us -limited but important: emphasized the ferocity of Ihe Nazi I cent dividend, and made a 25 per attempts to throw back the Red Increase In surplus, bringing army from positions which might 'he surplus nnd reserve to be used for the expected offensive Carolher.i reported. That compares Inward the Danube and Ploesll oil .with surplus ol only S6.000 In 1934. fields. Capital stock totals Russian military commenlators Carnthers reported that the ssso- faid (hat even through Ihe light- elation has purchased In war St. Louis Strikers Made 1-A ST. LOUIS, June t-WV- Acting within tliree hours alt- er a mass meeting: of striking but and street car broke up without settling the transportation strike, fight draft boards tonight began re- the men who walk- ed off their Jobs today. John J. Griffin, chairman of (he associated draft boards of St. Louis. In a letter to Maj. F. C. Richmond, acting director of the Missouri selective service system, said men on unatfi Oiorlml strikes who hold oc- cupational deferments "should he Immediately considered having null the jobs essential to the war effort and should be reclassKlcd Into A-l and Into the armed forces regardless of arc." .By. transportation IS ihree 'cities yesterday. Several hundred thousand resi- dents of St. Louis were forced.ta .ravel by private automobiles, .rucks and bicycles or on foot In :he wake.of a surprise of 3.500 AFL bus and streetcar-oper- ators. Two I'.Uiidred rmnlrvyes of East St. Louis (III.) bus lines also .eft their posts. Approximately 175 conductors, shopmen, and linemen stayed away fiom work In Tampa, Fla., der mandlng a signed contract. All but nine of the ICO street cars were out of service. extra bus runs handled of the normal trolley load. The last major strike In war- busy Detroit was terminated when workers who encaged In nine-day strike nt Parke, Davis and Company, producer of medical sup- plies, voted to resume their taskj after hearing appeals of CIO union loaders. The lumber and logging Industry In the Pacific northwest went bade into partial production, although It was indicated a minority ot about; 15.000 men stiii were away from their Jobs. At Danville. Va, textile workers were Idle. A small percenl- Gouldbusk Gunner Prisoner of War COLEMAN. June Mr. Mrs. E, S. McClr'.lnn of GouW- husk have been Informed by the war department that llielr son. S- I age of them were out at the river- Sgt. Pat McClellan. 23. top turret I side division of the Riverside and grimier on a u-ll Flying Fortress. I Unn River Cotton mills, whera Is a war prisoner following a flight i white spinners engaged In a wild- over Europe on May 21. He had cat Jrike to display opposition to Ing was violent. II WKS difficult lo fit the action into any large strate- rdc pattern, one adding that, in view of the enemy's looses, force of about 500 nlsh't bombers dropped probably more than 2.200 I'' tons ol bombs of freight yards In! Trappes. Tcrgnier and Saumur, I .French centers vital to the Germans for routing supplies to their coas- nour.ced Thursday. The death in May was that of Tom Virdon. Tn May traffic fines amounted tn 'a' armies. j t-HO. ,1 decrease fro.-n the S459.S3.' In another nlfthl operation the collected In April. j Allied Mediterranean Air Forces] An Increase of S10.5i> made sent out Liberators which bombed; In parkin; me'.er collecticns in May I the railroad tow tracks alongside oh- [icult lo surmise." The Moscow communique stated that there were no essential chang- es on other sectors of the front. Marine Charged EIj PASO. June i Rrunisma. U. S. Ma- today Kas charted uiih mur- bondi find announced that worth additiornl bonds would be purchased In Hie current drive. Representatives of various agri- culture! In the coun- ty were including County Agent Elmo V. Cook, L. F. Lnwhon, Sfiil Conservation service: Mrs. Eirys Lar.ince. home demonstration agent: Clarence Symes, Farm Se- curity administration supervisor; Kincannon. FSA home supervisor: and Clyde Oldham, Cnlfmar. Production Credit associa- tion llclriman. AI.co making brief (Mks were been stationed In England. The parents were their son was not injured nm! employi. ent of negro operatives, that i The others slood by at various tex- 11 _ In good health and In good care. A brother. T-Sgl. Don McCMlan. Is also in the army air forces and Is stationed in Italy. He is a waist gunner on a B-24. tile plants because the supply of yarn was exhausted. Approximately 2CO office workers at the McCloskey and company shipyard in Tampa. Fla., left in an unauthorized walkout. with the total amount, j the Danube river's Iron gale canal j tier In conn re I ion witii the death' Claude Strickland of compaiod with S2.3I2.60 for April.'on the Romanian-Yugoslav barrier. of Deputy Shcnd Joe 68. .'tertiary of thi- na- tional farm association with WOUNDED TEXANS, OKLAHOMANS ARRIVE M'CLOSKEY HOSPITAL TEOTI.F. Jur.c 1- -Sisly- four casualties, mostly Tcxans and Oklahnmans, arrived nn a hospi- tal train at McCloskey General hospital here today from Stark General hospital, Charleston, S.C. It was the first such train here have abroad a Red Cross train wnrkrr. The' worker was Alice W. Mil- ton, formerly of Washington, D.C. She is a number of R new Red Cross Service Corps organized pole- ly to provide comforts to casual- ties on trains. These work- ers assist mrdiral corps orderlies In any way needed and provide ccld drinks, candy, writin? nw.ter- lals and numerous other things'or the men. Most of ths taw from the 36th and 45th Divisions. Capf. Kdjar Ford, ,16th Divi- sion officer from Rusk, wound- ed Jan. 21, salrl "Salerno was a picnic comparer! wllh the Ra- pido river crossing. "We had Just put one of nur units across and I was coming wit to cross. I was 300 yards from the about llirce-qiurters of a mile, tn an aid station. I hid very liltc pain and received thebot medical attention. I would rather be here at McCIoskey so IflnK as I have In be hospital- ircd, but I sure would lifce tn march into Berlin with my outfit." The minute he reached his hos- rlver, going down along a trail. hrr, hc mct Capl when I was hit R sl o( Bonito ;d The shell hit Ford In the rlgh MmA hadn.t SMn slnce N leg and he came home fn a cast from the hip An artillery shell hit the half- "Lt. Shona K. Akridgc of track scout in which he was Xorlli Carolina went bick and riding in 36th Oivisicn action got Maj. Robert SIchaffcy of above ar.d Pvt. Juan Brcdienrldge, Texas, and the Ramirez of Penltas, Texas, was two officers carried me out, badly burned about the hands. Ramirez was a German caji'.lve for five days. At the end of the fifth day a formation of Bntish fighters attacked the German po- sition, dc.stroyinB .'.cveral Nazi ve- hicles and creating er.r.uch coiifu- islon for Ramirez to slip down a I mountainside ar.rt escape. Pit. Jose of San Re- jnito, also of the 36th. qot slirap- r.el wounds in the head and eye I in the- attack the Monastery i December 23. Another man mlsMne In action ifor six da.vs was rfc. Matt B. Davis of Browus'oro. He was on a patrol. J "I was (old the hill we irfre 1 crossing was cleared nf snlp- i ers, but it Mayn't. I {ol cut off and manager! In jtct tn anfilhrr hallallon in nur nut- fit, r was bark three rtavs when I was Injured. I was hit timrs hrltrrrn Ihe hnrr and hip at t'airn, near V.'as- slnn. I ehruary 12. hy nf "7 mm. Orrman tank fire. Tbxt tank firrtl nine rnmiris j before one of our ItVVs it. i Pfc. Oeorg'1 A. Fnx Jr..