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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - June 1, 1944, Abilene, Texas BOND BOX SCORE Since Peorl Harbor Moy Quota Mey So lei _ VOL. LXIII, NO. 349 totlent Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OK FOES WH SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT A TEXAS 2-U, NIWSPAm ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, JUNE 1, PACKS Associated Prni UP) United Frm PRICE FIVE CENTS Outer Defenses Near Rome Hammered Coast Given -Biggest Blow Nazis Force Refugee Ship LONDON, Thursday, June Following up a tre- jnendous daylight aerial assault on Hitler's Europe from 'the Wvesl and south by possibly Allied planes, RAF night raiders smashed at the French coast from Calais to Cape Gris Ncz early today with its heaviest bombing of the war. The mightiest blows yet struck at the Nazis' vaunted west wall reverberated across the channel like an earthquake, through the night with great, repeated blasts. The targets appeared to be he German long-range guns which often have shelled the Dover district. The moon and the stars shone over the channel as the fleet of British bombers thundered across :he little 'strip of water, seemingly flying lower than usual. Flares were dropped soon after the planes had passed from -sight and as the unnatural glare showed on the horizon German ack-ack gmf fire sounded. The noise of this barrage seemed o die as the bombs dropped, touching off great blobs of tire one after another. The attack, like the four which preceded It in the same region, was as short as it was sharp and a 111- :le more than 15 minutes after the blasting began the planes began streaming back to their bases. Although (here was scarcely a breeie over the channel the backfire from (he blasts miles away at times felt like (riant puffs of warm wind upon the faces of observers. The newest nifht assault on (he Germans' anti-Invasion of- fenses rave the Nazis an omin- ous introduction to a new month's aerial campaign with- in a matter of hours after the Allies hid completed a record- breading sustained air attack in' which soriles were flown. The climax lo the Slay opera- tions was another combined ma- May 31 (AP) Fully-lighted refu- ship carrying 385 passen- was halted off Bermuda German submarine last Friday, the Navy disclosed to- day, and the U-boat aban- doned preparations to torpedo the ship only after wireless orders from Berlin. The Germans seized two Ameri- can citizens, the Navy said, Jn the dead of all the passengers adrift In lifeboats for 5 1-2 lo 9 hours. Three persons, including a 16 Bjonths old baby, lost their lives in the transfer to the boats. The ship was the Portuguese Scr- tya Pinta, which docked here secret- ly last night. Those who died were Beatrice Trapuruki, infant daughter of a .Polish couple; Antonio yerreira Machado. ship's who fell the Eca (rcrn a.Jacob's ladder; the cook, Hermano Antonio, struck in the head by a swinging block of lifeboat tackle. The American citizens captured by the Germans were Pin- lo, S2, Waterbury, Conn., and Vir- ''and fdlio Magina. Mass. 22, New Bedford. A British subject, Camilo Grande Perez 24, native of Canada, also was taken aboard the submarine but was released. The incident occurred 600 miles and slightly north of Bermuda the Navy said. Near Drownings Mark Transfers PHILADELPHIA, May Mrs. Maria A. Chaves, 35. of Fall River, Mass., mother of three young sons, told today how she, almosl drowned when a German subma- rine ordered Ihe Portuguese Liner Pinto abandoned. Still shaken from her experience, and nursing a badly bruised arm, she came ashore here today with other refugees, "When the submarine came up morning. I was greatly "I was born In Fall River, and lived most of my life in Portugal, but I was very anxlofls to join my husband who works in a factory in Fall River When we were told we would be adrift, I was afraid I would never see him again. "When the lifeboat came along- side the ship, I passed my three soas down Ihe Jacob's ladder lo men in Ihe lifeboat, then I took a couple of steps myself. ''The lifeboat lurched and I fell into ihc sea between Ihc boat and Ihc side of the ship. My arm was bruised and I slruck my head on something. "I swam around for several minutes until I could grasp Ihc side ot Ihc toat. But I was loo weak lo climb in. Some men and my sons helped pull me aboard, After that, 1 was so dazed t don't know ivhal hap- pened." ft- Mrs. Chaves hasn't seen her hus- band for seven years. She spoke Portugese, which was Interpreted by David Ribeiro. skipper of a fishing schooner, the Mildred Sil- ver of Gloucester, Mnss. Ribeiro came here to meet his -Brother, Tony, a fisherman who Is going into business with him. who was accompanied by Nazi Mass Killings Hit Patriots LONDON, May Gfimin Gestapo pressed a fero- cious new wave of terror In Prance, Holland and Belgium today with mass shootings and arrests ot the palrlols.on whom Gen Dwloht D Elsenhower has called to assist his coming liberation armies. This ruthless Wood-letting, reported by the French press service, in London, offered new evidence of possible Jitters within the armed fortress of Europe and contrasted stitrply with the calm confidence evidenced In this Invasion base.-The British press gave prominent headlines to the WPB report that thf United States was producing a plane every five minutes and to NaVy Secretary Forrestal's announce- ment that there now were enough landing craft to carry the entire invasion army over the waters to Hitler's Europe. Both articles were significantly noted by the public. The French underground repotted (he "complete ravaging" of the Wordofne department when (he Xiiii surrounded (he town of Ilibcrac and "plied Into trucks 100 Frenchmen Into whom iiolhhir more has been heard." j "All Inhabitants found on the road leading; to lltberac were shot on Ihe the report said, "and (he Germans sel fire to a forest where ma.iy people were gilhcrhif wood. They biirntd The same day. the account continued, 26 hostages were shot at Brantome and the bodies were left In the public square 24 hours. At St. Quentln 27 persons were slain In reprisal for shoaling the collabo- rationist mayor. In Berlin'20 were slain for an attempt on the lives of two Walloon quislings, the Belgium news agency reported. The number of Dutch patriots executed by German authorities in occupied Holland in the last week reached n total of 18 today with the reported execution ot two more persons for "sabotage." The liafflc jam on England's narrow winding roads was reflected in a highway casually report which showed n more than 10 per cent increase of persons killed and injured in April over the same month in 19-13, which itself was 10 per cent above the las', pre- war April. Casualties for April totalled which were more than April, 1543. PARAMUSHIRol? MAKANRU neuyer In which bombers -from Britain hit German railway cen- ters while planes from Italy struck again at the" Ploesti oil fields "of Romania. The skies virtually clear of the enemy and at a cost of one bomber and four fighters, from ISO to 000 American heavyweights from Britain pounded crowded railway yards at Hamm, Osnahruck, Schw- erte and centers just Inside Germany which feed the coastal defense, zones. For Ihe fourth consecutive day more than fighters flew es- cort but finding no opposition in the air they swooped down nnd shol more than 35 locomotives inc aircraft parked on airdromes. I.ate In the day Thunderbolt anc Lightning fighter-bombers attack- ing two western German airdrome, struck the first sizeable fighter op position, 30 FW-190's, and sho down five without loss to them- selves. There were indications that Brit Ish night bombers were following up the daylight attacks bolh from Britain and from Italy. In Hunjary Ihe Budapest radio Itfl the ana alerts were sounded al Ejer and Stcsetl as well as in the capital. (Tht Nazi controlled radios at Calais and Luxembourg sus- pendtd "owing to the ipprojch of enemy ihe Federal Communications commission Smoke clouds visible for miles rolled up from Ihe Ploesti fields after upward of 750 Fortresses ind Liberator: from Italy dropped Ihelr cargoes of destruction. Wain- at least one major -refinery, it the tnlrd straight dav of big bomb- er attack on central Europe from the south. While the air raiders met enemy fighters and heavy flak. Ihe blows from Britain caught the German air force with its guard down snd met little on- position from thc ground air Some planes flcw through great cloud banks and had to use over- cast bombing technique. Soest and Schworlc were new targets for American bombers, al- tnousiht the former was struck 33 times by thc Royal Air Force be- fore It left off iu allacks In No- vember u the way from .Val- ontone to the An Allied eoR.qmjiqyt "It Is noir clear "IP .ntniy In- tends' to hold this aj[ costs." Edward Kennedy of the ie, soclalcd Tress wrote from Ihi llghtlns front at tonight thai ihe Germans were "rtelaj1- Iny ihe Allies as long as pos- sible and mnkiiif idem pay rtearly for every Inch gained in Italy." In today's fighting, Kennedy said, American troops broke into Nazi positions between Vtilelrl and which slaHe'd Tuesday aft- er', a six-weeks lull on (he'matn easl- ern front, Moscow reported knock- ng' out 122 German tanks and shooting down 164 enemy planes In two days of fighting. The full meaning of thc assault which broke a six-weeks lull 01 :he main eastern front, rcmainet obscure. Associated Press Corres pondent Eddy Gllmore in a dis jatch from Moscow said the Sovle iress and radio had carried m stories from the front lines anc gave no elaboration on thc com munlque. A Berlin broadcast declared the aim of Ihe German attacks was te improve the German Romanian positions In the area and this ob- viously attested to Ihc enemy's in- tention of making every effort to hold the high Plocstl and Danu- blan oil fields against an impend- ing Russian drive. Berlin called the attacks a "large- scale operation" fully supported by bombers and planes and said the Russians had been driven back from strong fortifications onto the river plain. The Germans did not Identify the river by nnme. The Soviet communique last night declared that 21 German tanks and 58 plnnes had been destroyed dur- ing the second day of thc battle and increased the Russian count ot the damage inflicted Tuesday to 95 tanks and 106 planes. The Ruwlan bulletin said there were no changes on o'.her sectors of the front. Ship Grounded; Over Saved SAN FRANCISCO, May than Navy men were rescued from a stricken transport and surrounding waters today after the Henry Bergh crashed aground In rain and heavy fog on the Farallon Islands 30 miles wcsl c! the Golden Gale. The li'th naval district .said there were no reports of casualties. The Liberty fhip was In-bound from Pacific war theaters whtnp it ran aground before i dawn. The Navy said tonight the'. ship was- badly ho'.cd and was breaking Into pieces rapidly. Hundreds of men took to thc tcr In life jackets and on I v others made the rocky shorrs of the small islands visible form Golden Gate bridge on a clear day JH.Wnd sr MCSl Ot in lift jackets wcrr Vinhmolr j pick'd up within an hour. Destroy- ers and patrol boats under the wcs- i Frill's ftituttt tern sea frontier were busy picking up rails all day. By late afternoon, most ol thc "more than 1000' aboard were at the Navy's receiving station on Treasure Island In San Francisco bay. current Allied offensive for the simple reason thai the local.mo- guls of Mussolini's Fascist "repub- lic" are going northward well ahead of the German army. If the conduct of these digni- taries runs true to form, not many will be found In Rome when tha Allies enter, U Is not thai they are afraid of what the occupying army mliht do (o (hem, but rather thai In these mountain towns they have, been more worried over Ihe possible In- bclwecn (he departure the' Germans and the ar- bclt 'support. With Indiana's selections, the delegate roster for the national convention will be complete except for six to te chosen by Nevada on June 10 and two each lo be named for Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Eleven district caucuses, picking two delegates each, will name 22 of Indiana's delegation tonight. Seven deles at es-at-lnrgc are to be chosen by the stole convention Friday. Developments on the political front 5'esterday included a demand by Senator Butler iR-Ncb) for a Senate Investigation of the CIO po- itlcal action committee. Virtually complete returns from two Alabama run-off Democratic primaries showed Rep. John New- some, opposed by thc CIO, was de- feated by Former Rep. Luther Pa- trlck. Rep. Carter Manasco, also reportedly opposed by the CIO, had a slim margin over J. H. Deoson. A legal fight over the right of negroes lo vote in Georgia Demo- cratic primary was shaping up. Democratic leaders In Columbus, Ga., agreed with negro leaders that negroes should make a "token lorl" to vo'.e In the primary July 4 lo lay the basis for a court con- Valmontonc nnd occupied threatening .Vellelrl.. points All lour key strong-nomls In the tfellctrl, Lanu'vio and been under fierce assault lor several days and fasl are being lurnert Into smoking lnclr "vl1 of (lie Americans, jiving a brict "I" sclilc Fascist offl- rt y n find important ruins by massed Allied artillery. Allied officers believe the Ger- mans are prepared to retreat well north of Rome If their present de- fense line Is broken. Lt. Gen. Sir Oliver Leese's Eighth they were Fascists they had to be Fascists" Tlie hilltop' town of Corl' offers one of the most problems In this area. U was. the center of considerable German mttUary activity, and .was there- fore bombed eight times-by the Army pushed up steadily from the Alllcs nnd wrecked. Its own southeast along the Via Caslllnn which fled to the coun- and broke into the outskirts of the to Ilve ln has MRS. MARIAN ETC, REMEMBERS SOME DETROIT, Xfay auburn-haired dress designer Is held litre on a fed- eral charge of fradulenl re- ceiving servicemen dependent on account of lour husbanris, but FBI agents said today her mari'.al adventures were much more extensive, than that. In fact, if she u-'cd the namps of all thc husbanris she remem- bers her name be; Mrs. Marian I.abyatt Hop- kins Coftcy Sperrow Fitzc Bar- ker S'.ormanns Neumann Pat- cnctt Zc-rkh WiJbelm Osworth Horn Galvln StanV.owlch. That's 15 husbands since 1926. The Weather irorlnclal capital o( Fioslnone. >'el returned. increased enemy resistance in that! But the Ar- zonc showed the Germans still arcl Vtllclrl arcas' vcre determined lo hold, off their Is raging, arc in Corl. They pursuers until Nazi troops could I by Ihc AMO today-each be extricated from dilllcult posl- and drlcd nca wlth 'canned milk for the children un- der seven. They baked a sort of pancake and made soup on camp- fires along the streets of the town. Most of them are sleeping In tha streets on bundles of rags. For- tunalely, the weather Is mild. Tomorrow a bakery will be operating In Cori and Ihe rcf- scl bread Instead of flnur. Advanced warehouses alrraily arc established to sup- ply such communities of new- areas food, Dill 'n Corl and other towns there Is Debt Raising Bill of cvldcncc how thc dcpart. Passed Unanimously llnB Ocrmans fed about itati population. Thc Gcrrm WASHINGTON, May I dicrs took everything they could bill raking thc national debt limit olt ant! destroyed much of from to they left. was passed without rtlwnt I The furniture _of many humble by thc Senate today, .ilong Is thrown about the streets nn-.cndmcnl reducing thc lederal a'ter being axed. All wine Is Gone cabaret tax from 30 to 20 percent i and Ihc livestock has been de- flnd exempting men and women of'pleted. lions south of the Via Cnsilina. Frtnch troops surged past Ceccano, five miles south nf Krosinonc. leaving armor to njop up the loivn, ami Moroc- can goums, speeding across thc l.rpiiii hills far out In front of ollifr Allied forces, siMiril (he loivn of C.urilnclo, 1.1 miles almost due west of Fros- Sce 1T.W.V, 7, Col. 1 c depart- the man sol-{ thr armed forces from paying IT. 'The Germans didn't like a 'Ihe meas'.iro now Roes to thr townsman said. "They say we Ho'.i5c. which has voted to raise [he j stabbed them in thc back." HB dch; ceiilnff of looked very miserable as he spoke. s. nrrvRTMFNT OF ro NCATftrp. m BF.M' AHII.I NT. AM> Vl[ INITV: A.M. 71 JIO1 R r.M. Distress slgnnls from the I U Set PACII1C WAR, Col. were first al 7 a. m CUT niu! I fhoie-basert craft were lo thc fcent- Immediately. The J'sip- per and a skeleton remained aboard Ihc ship. salrl the -i.t, order obeyed In orderly (s.'h- Ml. THIHTJETH YEAR OF ARMY )m SOlh year of Army service, M. Sgt. Brairmrrl Booth was tmitcil with his son, Aviation Student Uwight K. Booth, for the first lime in Army uniform. Sergeant Booth, chief clerk 'in the special service department at the AAF training com- maud's basic pilot school at Knirl, Okla., Army air lieW. im- i mediately became thc "proud father'' when his son arrived (at the nir field for his basic training, (N'EA ;