Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - July 30, 1944, Abilene, Texas
WAR BOND BOX SCORE
Overall quota ........$3,805,000.00
Series E Quota....... 1,255,000.00
Series E Sales........ 1,221,383.00
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OL. LXIV, NO. 43
A TEXAS 2mJAf NEWSPAPitt
“WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE ICH VOIR WORED EXAC: I LY AS IT GOES. Byron
A RIT .FNF. TF.XAS. SUNDAY MORNING. JULY 30, 1944 -THIRTY-TWO PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS
Associated Frees (AP) United Frees fV.F.t PRICE FIVE CENTS
By WES GALLAGHER
« CAN IS Y, France, July* 29—(TP)
^ —Captured Germans told a senior Americjui staff officer today that Field Marshal Erwin Rommel had been criticallv wounded in an Allied air strafing attack, and a French Red Cross worker lf said they told her he later had
By the Associated Press
Capture of Guam’s Orote peninsula, guarding the southern end of prized Port Apra, was announced by Adm. Chester W. Nimitz last night shortly after new gaps in Japan’s precious steel industry and vanishing shipping were reported.
Nimitz said organized resistance of Japanese forces on Orote ceased late Friday afternoon, after elements of the first provisional marine brigade had advanced beyond the wreckage of the former U. S. marine barracks.
-—:j — Other American units 01
Army Transport From Scotland Missing at Sea
The staff officer said captives told him the German commander was wounded near Lisieux, on the British front, two weeks a ago when Allied planes ehot up his car and wrecked it in a ditch. He said a German captain told him Rommel had been unconscious for six hours and still was in a critical condition — in a hospital.
W The Red Cross worker, who was with the Germans only day before yesterday, said they told her Rommel was wounded in a bombing near Falaise on the British front and died later in a JI hospital at Ber nay.
^ This we nan, a^'Ut ii ye-rs old and carrying credentials from the Vichy war ministry for dealing with French prisoners held by the Germans, said the reports of Rommel’s death were *9 widespread and accepted as fact by the German troops, many of whom were greatly grieved.
Afled fliers repeatedly have reported shooting up German staff cars on the Normandy front, and Rommel Is widely % known as a general who stays $lose to the front lines.
If Rommel actually has been killed or even seriously hurt, Adolf Hitler has suffered a critical blow, for Rommel is a field _ commander of acknowledged • brilliance and loyalty to the Nazi regime and a man whose feats as the "Desert Fox” of North Africa have become legends among the German soldiery.
WASHINGTON. July 29 —(/PF The Office cf Price Administration tonight ordered canned corn back Ai the ration list, and made grape jam, tomato preserves and tomato marmalades ration-free, effective at 12:01 a. rn., Sunday.
^Temperature to IOO
Temperatures skidded a bit Saturday in Abilene, the maximum reaching only IOO late in the afternoon. The foremost for today is cloudy and not quite so hot.
WASHINGTON, July 29 — MV-Loss of an Army transport plane with 26 persons aboard including 18 patients, while en route from Scotland to Mitchell Field, New York, was announced today by the War department.
The plane, a C-54 transport, presumably went down Wednesday morning between Iceland and Newfoundland, the department said. It was last heard from about 1:00 a. rn. Wednesday and "would have exhausted its gasoline that morning,” the announcement declared. An intensive seach is still under way.
Aboard the plane were 15 Army and three Navy stretcher cases.
The eight other persons aboard included a civilian crew of five and an Army flight nurse.
More than 150 planes of the air transport command a,.d the Royal Canadian air force have joined in the search, together with surface craft of the Navy, coast guard and other services.
"This is the first casualty of its kind,'’ the department announcement said, "since the beginning of the Army’s world-wide evacuation program soon after the United States entered the war. Since that time. 250.000 sick and wounded have been evacuated by air.”
The four-engine plane was flown by a transcontinental and western air crew.’ under contract to the war department.
Aboard the plane were Included following patients:
Fit. Officer Frank L. Cotopia, Hearne, Tex., Pvt. Camilo Gonzales, Kenedy. Tex., - nd Lt. Charles F. Cohl, jr., Las Vegas, N. Mex.
Pvt. Arthur L. Pounds, Elida, N. Mex.
The flight nurse on the plane was 2nd Lt. Catharine R. Price, North Liberty. Ind.
The War department said the majority of the patients aboard the plane were war wounded.
Tinian island, 130 miles north ward, were compressing the defenders in the southern enc of the islet. The Americans held approximately two thirds
of Tinian Friday.
The Navy previously announced
that 17 Nipponese ships were sunk by submarines, for a total of 63 enemy vessels which the Allies reported destroyed in the last three day*.
Superfortresses bombed the steel center at Anshan, Manchuria, 60 miles from Mukden, in their first blow at the "arsenal of greater east Asia.” Other B-29s over northern China hit Tangku, port of Tientsin, and the strategic Chen-ghsien railway yards.
Nimitz* communique did not confirm a Tokyo radio report that 400 U. S. carrier planes on Friday renewed the attack on the Palau islands, guarding the eastern approaches to the Philippines.
The victorious Marines on Orote captured a large quantity of booty, including 32 tanks, 72 field pieces and coastal guns. This artillery had supported a force originally estimated as 2,000 Japanese holding out on the peninsula.
Light American fleet units were patrolling Apra harbor and preventing the surviving Japanese from escaping. Elsewhere on Guam the front remained unchanged, although American patrols were ranging a mile ahead of the main forces in some places.
Official figures and unofficial estimates indicated the Japanese already have lost 50,000 *men on Guam, Tinian, Saipan and sea and air fighting related to the Marianas operation.
On Oriental battlefronts Brit-out of India were nine miles from the Burma border, Americans and Chinese inched forward a few more yards in the enemy’s north Burma base of Myitkyina, Chinese repulsed ten Japanese counterattacks on Hengyang in southeast China but lost Pingsiang, 95 miles to the northeast.
Other Units Surge Ahead
LONDON, Sunday, July 30—(AP)—Russian troops yesterday fought within sight of Warsaw, bombarded half-way mark in the offensive rolling along the road to Berlin, while in the north other Soviet units surged across the southern Latvian border in their swift drive against the almost-encircled Nazi armies of the Baltic.
Warsaw’s east hank suburbs were under Soviet artillery attack.
Berlin said the Russians in the north were only 20 miles from the Gulf of Riga, fighting fiercely in the Jelgava area in their effort ta complete a trap on 200.000 to 300,000 Germans, under Col. Georg I.inde-mann.
Jelgava, a strategic rail junction and Riga. Latvian capital-port on the Baltic, both were hammered heavily by Sox let bombers Friday night, "Several enemy troop trains were smashed or burned out.” the communique said, indicating that the Germans already were trying to flea Estonia and Latvia.
Gen. Ivan Bagramian’s first Baltic armies captured more than 200 villages in this push toward the Baltic coast. Including Zagare, on the Lithuanian-Latvian border 42 miles south of the gulf, Moscow said. Farther south other units closing in on Kaunas, former Lithuanian capital, captured Karmelava, less than 40 miles northeast of Kaunas, which is a German bastion protecting the road to German East Prussia.
Tho fall of Kaunas was regarded as near.
The Moscow communique announced the capture of a total of 1,320 towns ani! villages during the day, and said the Russians attacking below Warsaw had completely cleared the enemy from a 60-mile section of the east bank of the Vistula river—last Axis defense line before Germany Itself.
The cleared area was between Deblin and where the San empties into the Vistula, IOO miles southeast of Warsaw.
This indicated that Marshal Konstantin K. Rokossovsky’s first White Russian forces were getting ready to leap the Vistula for a flanking move on Warsaw from the south and also perhaps drive straight westward toward Germany.
In southern Poland Marshal Ivan S. Lonev’s first Ukraine armies had hurdled the San river on a broad front in the area below the cleared sector of the Vistula river. Striking west of Przemysl, fortress city taken Friday, the Russians rolled on through Jawomikpolski. 22 miles beyond Prezemysl and 103 miles from Krakow on the main invasion route ta German Silesia.
The Russians also captured IOO localities southwest and south of Lwow, and 20 more west of Stanislawow in the Carpathean foothills.
R UP RE ME HEADQUARTERS I aion front even while the enemy i column was well beyond La Tilan-
ALI IEO EXP ED IT IO V * RT wa, m.kin, d'.pr»t' cmnLr-.t- | dme. and patrols war, reported atm
?OR*T iSSfWon the Amarin »,t flank farther forward.
The greatest V. 8. Army offensive near ressy-Sur-Vlre
since the World War smashed de- forces pu led out "fthe
counter-attacks front facing the British
termined German in at least IOO duels with huge Tiger tanks and thrust ll miles below captured Coutances and 13
"From all appearances, Lt. Gen.j Omar Bradley’s carefully-planned1 ‘precision offensive’ has broken!
beyond St. Lo yesterday in drives clear tiir0Ugh the German Seventh
which threatened to enevelop the enemy’s western defenses and were costing him dearly in manpower.
The American assault had pro
Farther west another tank column sped down that road through St. Denis Le Cast, Ia*n-gronne and Hambye to points less than four miles from Bre-hal, through which German troops were trying to escape southward.
Behind the advance, American
army,” said Wes Gallagher, Associated Press front-line reporter with the American forces. tanks, self-propelled guns and harn-
“It may well be that the Amer- slogging doughboys cleaned out
pressed 21 miles since it began icans are fighting and winning one pocket after pocket of madly resist- Zealanders of the Eighth Tuesday, and was continuing the greatest decisive battles of ing Germans who had been bv- i drove to a point, ju.it mc rn •* against stiffening but unsuccessful the war » he wrote "If Hitler is passed in the first rush. The cap-Nazi resistance. unable to stop the American offen- lives, now totalling more than 6,000
Twin thrusts below Coutances to- ; sjve SOon. it may have done irrepar- and increasing steadily, included tile ward Brehal threatened to snare ahie damage to the morale and elements of seven German divisions at least some of the Nazis who so strength of the Wehmacht in German dead littered nearly every narrowly escaped from the Cou-1 France.” field and lane.
tances pocket Thursday and Friday ! in the southernmost penetration The tally of enemy tanks destroy-The Brehal road junction already of the fifth day of the offensive, ed mounted to 250 claimed by was under American artillery fire the Americans sent an armored American fighter-bombers alone,
The German radio began to spearhead across che Tessy-Brehal and the tremendous aerial support talk of the necessity of a whole-1 road to within about a mile of the of the American drive continued sale withdrawal along the entire big town of Percy, midway between without a lefc-up despite unfavorable 40-milc western wing of tile inva- i the Vire river and the sea. This weather.
Allies Only 5 Miles Of Historic Florence
ROME July 29 —-IAP— The final i low the historic city and the Ger-phase of the battle for Florence mans quickly countered every Allied opened violently in the roiling hills thrust with strong forces of Tiger to the south today as veteran New tanks.
The German army south of the Amo river wa , compressed into a
Kin of Abilenians Is Reported Missing
Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Petitfils, 3004 Hickory, have been notified that their nephew, S. £gt. Carter Gill Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs. Carter Gill, Dallas, has been missing in action over Germany since July 16. Sergeant Gill was a top gunner on a Flying Fortress based in England.
Japanese broadcasts said six Superfortresses participated in the Anshan raid. Nippon propagandists minimized damage but pilots returning to their western China bases said black smoke covered the area, site of the Showa steel works,
Japan’s second largest iron and steel plant.
“Observed bombing results were good,” the U. S. communique said.
"against moderate enemy fighter i of triumphs with adoption of a reso
PRO-FDR FORCES VICTORS IN TAYLOR'S CONVENTION
Turkey Nearing Break with Axis
ROAD TO BERLIN
By The Associated Press.
1——Russian front — 33o miles (measured from near Kilbieli.
2—Normandy front — 630 miles (measured from Troarn).
3—Italian front — 605 miles (measured from SenigaHia).
Wylie Approves School Addition
A $19,000 bond issue to construct
IN RUN-OFF FOR DISTRICT ATTORNEY
and anti-aircraft opposition.
» ipanese broadcasts said smaller flights of B-29s raided the Dairen area and Penhsihu, coal and cement center.
Tokyo reported the evacuation of unnecessary civilians from Formosa had been speeded up
LONDON, July 29—(ZP)—Turkey
Pro-Roosevelt faction was victo- t was split, 3 7-11 for McMahon and1 teetered on the verge of an open rious from start to finish of the1 I 4-11 for Scarborough. Tho other Germany and Bulgaria I an addition to the school was ap-
Taylor county Democratic conven- two, Cedar street and Orange J ' . d n8 t0 37 by residents of the
tion Saturday, climaxing its series street with six votes each, went looked for a wav out from hr! . . . , «mecial
of a shaky satellite tonight as new Wylie school district in a special
cracks opened in the Nazis' military eif(.tjon Saturday
lution endorsing all Democratic nominees from justice of the peace
Reports from other Texas conventions are found on Page 12.
and economic armor.
Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell announced yesterday.
The 17 ships mentioned as the latest victims of U. S. submarines included one escort vessel, a tanker, a transport, four cargo-tran-sports and ten freighters. The preceding day the British admiralty announced 31 Japanese vessels had been sunk by their submarines. Destruction of twelve other vessels was reported Friday and Saturday iii Pacific communiques.
to president of the United States. First victory for the pros came OBB UUU. DTH. .wucu u,,. selection of Dallas Scarbor-
China-based liberators sank hree ^ ^ convention chairman over Japanese ships, including a nava ^ ^ McMahon by a vote of 50 42-vessel, in renewed China coa,-, laids, | ^ ^ 13-55. After this show of
strength, opposition forces withdrew from active combat and the meeting settled down to routine acceptance of reports from pro-dominated committees.
County Chairman James P. Stinson presided over the first portion of the convention, said by party veterans to have the largest attendance of any In the county’s history. The district courtroom was crowded to capacity with the overflow standing out in the halLs. Every precinct except Trent was represented.
Scarborough was nominated by C. R. Pennington and W. R. Ely seconded it.
"The issue of this convention,'" Pennington said in hts nomination speech, "is whether two big
Two suburban boxes were split.
Veterans clubhouse nave one vote. Reports reached Istanbul that the to each and McMurry lining sta- Bul,£rlan government had asked tion box went I 3-5 for McMahon Gprmany to evacuate all German and I 2-5 for Scarborough. armed forces from Bulgaria, point-
Evory other box in the county ing out that there ere now less voted solidly with the pros. i than two Nazi divisions in the
Scarborough, in his acceptance country, that th^v are no help to speech, made but one direct refer- Bulgaria—when they draw Allied ence to the opposition Pennington bombing attacks, had referred to as “two corpora-; According to this report Ger-tions.” After the convention had many so far has refused the revoted to make his election unanl- quest on the ground that other mous, Scarborough jokingly de- satellites might make the same
dared "when the city builds Its demand and because German presown utilities plants it will need: invo’ved-
some good employes and give you
CARL P. HULSEY THOMAS E. HAYDEN
^ One of the most spirited run-off races for a public office in this region will be that for district attorney of the 42d judicial district, between Carl P. Hulsey and Thomas E. Hayden of Abilene.
Official results in the three counties of the district, announced yesterday bv the county Democratic executive committees, showed the 'allowing totals of votes oolled by the three candidates in the first pi unary.
m Carl P. Hulsey .............................4,858
Thomas E. Hayden .........................
W. E. Martin ...............................1 -775,
This shows Hulsey’s lead in the first primary was 186 votes.
The results by counties:
Callahan: Hulsey, 672; Hayden, 975; Martin, 539.
„ Shackelford: Hulsey, 290; Hayden, 721; Martin -64.
^ Taylor; Hulsey, 3,896; Hayden, 2,976, Martui, JiO.
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BURE AL'
ABILENE AXD VICINITY AND EAST TEXAS — Partly cloudy Sunday and Monday. Scattered afternoon thundershowers extreme north portion Monday.
WEST TEXAS — Partly Houri y with widely scattered afternoon thundershowers Sunday and Monday.
Sat. - Tri. Sat. - Fri.
A.M. HOI R P M,
87 - HH ......... I ....... #1 * 9S
2 ....... 93 - 9H
Using his acceptance speech as a keynote address, the chairman declared, “The greatest principle of government Is to gi ve the majority the right to rule. Any man who would accept the position as an elector and then not cast his electoral vote in accordance with the conviction of the people is an embezzler of power."
Meanwhile the Bulgarians are granting Soviet demands for consulates In the country’s leading towns and pork.
Usually well-informed American quarters in London said that Bulgaria again wos putting out peace feelers, but there was some skepticism of the success of such ventures in view of the breakdown of previous efforts along this line.
Plans for the work are being prepared by Hughes and Olds and bids will be accepted between Aug. 15 and 20, Olds said last night.
The building will contain three class rooms, a study hall, library, offices and rest rooms.
School officials said present facilities are inadequate, with enrollment Increased greatly since military families moved in. The bond issue will provide $16,000 for the school and $3,000 for equipment. The FWA, a government agency, will provide an additional $15,250.
front only 30 miles long which threatened to give way along its entire western end and pave the way for the fall of Florence.
Eighth Army Units crowding In on this western segment were able to maintain only minor contact with the enemy, who was forced to flee as the New Zealanders, hammering northeastward from Cerbaia to the point five miles below Florence, threatened to Isolate Nazi troops remaining in an elght-mile-wide wedge between the mouth of the Elsa river and Monte-lupo to the east.
The New Zealanders, prepared fot battle In the summer heat by their previous victorious fighting in the deserts of Africa, cut into the last mountain line below Florence. They sprang from a small bridgehead they had established over the Tiny Pesa river near Cerbaia.
Other Eighth Army troops drove to within two miles of Empoli, 15 miles west of Florence on the south of the Amo. and still other units closed In on Florence from the southeast. South Africans crossed the Greve river seven miles south of Florence below Impruneta and still other Eighth Army forces won mountain positions nine miles southeast of the city.
The final stage of the battle for Florence was set up by the New Zealanders' stab from Cerbaia made yesterday and announced by headquarters today.
During the night. Associated Press correspondent Lynn Heinzerling wrote from the Florence battlefield, Germans holding the last ridge between the New Zealanders and the city itself lashed out with two counter-attacks each of company strength
Despite heavy Eighth Army artillery fire the enemy put two dents
Anti-Roosevelts Call for Support
96 - 102
98 - 104
99 - 194 99 102
95 - 191 91 - 94
87 - 91
High md low temperature 1 to 9 p.m. 199 and 78. High and low same date last year: 85 and 67.
Sunset last night: » IJH
Sunrise this morning: 9:53.
Sunset tonight: 8:38.
Scarborough paid tribute to the min nm Tavlor rount.v rural district when the test vote. or whet her the people through their for chairman showed their fend MONTAGUE. July 29-(/P>-The
votes will make the decisions. This “After all.” he said, "you can’t fool American Democratic committee of
I- not a matter of personalities We the warmer.” Montague county Saturday called
want our local party to be straight- am against the third or fourth 0n “all those who love the Demo.
lbrward and above board—no back- term for any president,” he con- cit* party and America
bit™*and underhand work as there | tinned. "The only reason .or one
has been before." I n°w U L,he
n G Bowers nominated M^-1 charge General Marshall. Nimitz.
Mahon, but no speeches were made; Eisenhower? Then why would you
in his behalf. discharge the commander-ln-chief?
"The test of democracy will be our ability to return to normalcy after the war. If we are not si.iart enough to do so we do not deserve self-govern-
Vote for the two turned lively into a contest between Abilene and the rest of the county. Three of the city boxes, Butternut and Fairj Park with nine votes each, and, Shelton-Webb with seven votes,; were for McMahon. Court house*
See DEMOCRATS, Page 4, Col. 5
to assemble at every courthouse in the state within 30 days to elect delegates to an all-south convention to name a man to support for president.
The committee met after the regular county Democratic convention had voted to send delegates to the state convention in Dallas September 12 instructed to vote for electors pledged to President Roosevelt for a fourth term.
Nazis Tighten Up Squeeze on Rebels
hSSW Ai ‘SrSS 1 in ^
have taken steps to repress lnsur- st. Michele and La Romola aiea..
gents and to squeeze out the last rolling them back 600 yards. _
ounce of energy in their last ditch —
mobilization, reports from the con- JeXOS bUrpOSSCS
tinent said today. C-.:-. P Ountn
Tile German army purge ap- ^eriCS C y^UOTQ
parently was continuing. with Co . j 29—</F>—1Texas to-
Gen. Lindemann and Field Ma DA LL AS, J my
shal Gen Von Busch on the east- day became the first ct tne
disfavor!1 " S^iesTquotffor the Fifth War
Underground reports to Czech loam already had exceeded.
rn a ns^ were ^takim? 0aV able bodied with millions to spare record high mans were ta« ,, i.^t«id»ai mmtns
Bohemia and Moravia over-all and individual quotas. Bonenna or Chainnan Nathan Adams of the
Reich ^antiaircraft units or Todt Texas War Finance comnwee an
nounced that in topping this im-
Authoritative uuwn ;** port*JJt percent mark ta
London said all of occupied Net^_ F‘ gales as 0f july 29, with
,... a nu m. cur- series £. sales as ut __
lewto^effunr^st1 af ti! a number j purchases ^'rising U>% °f
of patriots were shot for "sabo tage and terrorism.”
100.1 per cent of the $125 million E goal.