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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - July 27, 1944, Abilene, Texas t^AR BOND BOX SCORE Overall quota ....... $3,805,000.00 Series E Quota ....... 1,255,000.00 Series E. Sales ....... 1,124,875.00 # Abilene Reporter “WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR PQES WE SKL! CH YOUR MOULD EXACTLY AS IT OOFS-—Byron EVENING FINAL VOL. LXIV, NO. 40 A TEXAS SmJOf NEW SP AP Eh ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING, JULY 27, 1944 —TWEL\ L PAGES Associated Preta (AP) United Preus (U P.) PRICE FIVE CENTS |N SQUEEZE FROM EAST ANttWEST— Yanks Gain .Reds Cross Vistula w  --—— General McNair Is Killed Nazis Line t __ Tanks Split nerves ragged - hitler Russians in Brest Enemy Fire Claims Life tfear Front Berlin Fears Wideopen Italo Landing LONDON, .lulv 27—</P)—In Mark rommrnt on rani Joseph Goebbels’ assertion that total mobilisation would relieve the receding German front. Hitler’s own newspaper said today we openly dot are that never since the beginning of the war have our nerves and lear s been exposed to heavier trials.    . The comment in the Voelkischer Boebachter, BerUn Organ of th* Nazi party, appeared beside a report of the speech pf v    ■    * pointed "Reich plenii>otentiary for total mobilization. Litovsk,. Bialystok LONDON, July* 27.— (AP) Russian troops surged across SUPREME HEADQUAR- The propaganda minister, also gauleiter of Berlin, asserted that Ger- Vistula river southeast of Warsaw todav captured Bialy | Force, July 27.—(AP)—An American armored force split German central defenses wide open today in the biggest LONDON, July 27— <P)—Masses of Allied warships, transports and breakthrough of the Norman-landing craft were reported by the Berlin radio tonight to be coneen- . jnVagjon trated with several divisions of troops in the coastal area of the Tyrrhen-    J oi______ ian sea for an imminent new landing in northern Italy around La Spezia man reserve would bo moved to the flshtina front, from the horn' arm' TFRS Al Hod Exooditionarv now commanded bv me aestapo chief Heinrich H.mmler and that result ILKS, Allied L\p    would begin to show "next month    , •The situation, especially in the Last, will soon change in fa or of Germany" he said as the Russians charged to within ltt mile* of German Silesia and stood within easy striking distance of East the Junkers general have their great estates stok. HO miles northeast of the Polish capital, and were reported bv the Moscow radio to have stormed into the streets of Brest Litovsk. Premier Stalin announced the capture of Bialystok in an order of the day. The announcement from the Moscow radio followed by WASHINGTON. July 27.-™AP)—Lt. Gen. Lesley J. Mc- and Genoa.    * Nail' former commanding    The ships and troops were said to have been massed during the I fib    ffrmtnrl    week.    There was no Allied confirmation of the enemy declaration. general of the army ground    La Spf,7ia is on the Italian west coast 40 miles above Pisa, the south- forces, has been krllea in Nor- prn sprtjon of which is held by the Fifth army. Genoa, Italy's leading mandv.    port.    is 90 miles up the coast from Pisa. #A War department announcement    Landing on La Spezia or Genoa would flank the Gothic line and    hitterlv-rie Tore said    pose    an entrapment threat for the survivors    of tun German armies who to the northwest    utterly    de "The War department has been have been pushed 200 miles northwestward from C assino through Rome. • fended German Dftfe_a^r notified of the death of Lt. Gen. Sherman tanks and doughboys, gaining nine miles in two days, fanned out east and west, rutting the highway from St. Lo to Avranches, at the southern base of Normandy, and spearing down the road to Loutancos. Aa va need patrols reached Periers PrHiUer’.r niomiT?*"ionfd"rreVplacing Reichsmarshal Herman Ooering (    ---- -------- .    .. and Goebbels in charge ordered total mobilization not only of Germans. sov,raj hours a German broadcast statement thai the Cit. but of all occupied tcrritories-France. Western ^»jd. Hungary. Czecbo-    Q    ^    bQcn cvacuated Stalin ordered 20 salvos from ‘Slovakia Norway the Baltic states, Belgium. Holland. Yugoslavia, uretic. Bu?ga"Un8ot    ‘J    ‘' | ~ Both the Russians and Germans said the Vistula, last Goebbels conjured up the old Shibboleth of secret weapons^again. Leslrv J. McNair. General McNair was killed by enemy fire while observing the action of our front line wlnit* in the recent offensive.” On July 14, the army announced that McNair had been given an important overseas assignment, the I Air Battles Raging; 193 Planes Downed ROME. July 27—(A5)—Air battles, fines, guns, ammunition, machine such as cost the German air force a GENERAL MCNAIR nature af which was not disclosed, and that Lt. Gen. Lear had succeeded him in command of the army ground forces. McNair, 61, w as responsible for the training of the ground forces now in action overseas, and was regarded as one of the Army s most brilliant officers. Gen. ^ George C. Marsnall, chief of W staff, once tailed him "the brains of the army.'’ He was chief of staff of general headquarters in Washington when the army was reorganized in 1942, and became commanding general of the ground forces, one of the three record loss of 193 planes in the past three days, raged again today when medium forces of Mediterranean heavy bombers attacked the Manfred Weiss steel works in Budapest, Hungary. First reports from up to MIO bombers participating said the bomber gunners as well as Lightning and Mustang pilots scored a number of victories to boost the total of 193 tallied in the last three days, a top mark for this theater. One of the hardest knocks yet received by the Germans in this area was delivered yesterday when Allied airmen krocked down 78 enemy flanked by the armored drive toward Countances. On the east end of the blazing, 40-mile U. S. front other troops gained two miles and won two towns. The armored offensive crashing through the German center picked up three miles in six hours of battle today. Fanning out eastward from St. Gilles and Canisy, they began closing a trap on Germans in a bend of the Vire river below St. Lo, capturing Le Mesnil Herman, six miles south of St. Lo and nine miles from their jumpoff point. tools and other war essentials.    Twin    tank    drives speared a_ea • Liberator and Fortress crewmen One captured Canisy two mile. unsaid this target was well hit envel- low St. Gibes on the S . o- , ta noes road. Another to the west asserting that for a minute his heart "stopped beating ^en he saw the most modern German weapons. Robot bombs such a* those hurl rd against London are "nothing hut a mere preamble, he said. THREE GENERALS— Nazi Plotters Named LONDON July 27—(ZP)—The Qer- general "up to then had been gcrlm on a historic invasion man radio asserted today that in- I prominent only for sabotaging    rQute u is 140 miles from the Olbricht, Col. Gen. e£,*p°bbplsn said a certain colonel border of German Silesia. natural barrier to German Silesia. 140 miles to the west, had been spanned. Warsaw already could hear the first sounds of approaching battle, the Moscow newspaper Izvestia said, quoting advices from the underground. The crossing of the 600-foot wide \ istula was in the Deb-Ii lin-Pulawi region 57 miles southeast of the greatest Polish city (which had a peacetime population of 1,265,700). The surge across the stream posed an outflanking threat to the city. The area of the penetra-1~ tion is 355 airline miles from Sabang Wrecked fantry Gen.    . Ludwig Beck and Col Gen. Erich Hoepner took part in the bomb plot against Hitler, OlbriRht was ‘•hot after a court martial, the broadcast said. Beck was said to have committed suicide when arrested. Hoepner was reported under arrest awaiting trial. general "had hysterical breakdowns Russian Caracks, tanks, infan- Dwk|-jl|n| (-AITA and that another colonel general    tr, and cannon    reached    the east    r\W |\j f] V AI I ll IC conducted a "cowardly retreat” on    bang 0[ the river    yesterday on a JO-    I*    J    w the Russian front.    mile front, driving before them the How Olbricht. Beck and Hoepner    tattered and haggard    Germans tallied with the propagandist's de-    Nazi rearguard.s    fled to    the west scrlptions was not immediately made known." oped by smoke. Simultaneously, it was announced that lightning and Mustang fighters of the 15th ll. S. air force have returned to their Italian bases after a shuttle operation to Russia in which they shot down 64 enemy planes over Romania and Poland and destroyed many more on the ground. The Berlin account said these jtxsl^lwe**'that "strategic lateral MIMI*    ^    ^ highway.    •    “-*-*—• planes. The Manfred Weiss works Is one Y^iflpc in Rplnium of the largest Industrial plants in >lTieS in belgium Hungary and produces aircraft en Four more German generals have ,,,„ ,hr_ m’etUionecf by plop- been added to the sternly length-mile south OI Marigny, were    rmpe,ul Jostph Ooeb- coing list of Nail command casual- ties in 24 hours The propaganda minister, with-*    ,    .    r,    jf    out mentioning names, said one But on the British-Canadian | ou>    | 1 flank in Normandy the Germans hit with tanks, artillery and mortar fire. They recaptured Esquay, sev-! en miles southwest of Caen, and blood-soaked hills 112 and 113, Twenty of yesterdays victims headquarters andI field reports said. were claimed by these Lightning Due south o. C , Vprnprcs and Mustang formations reurning j Second army held on ’    ’ from the three-day shuttle.    Tt^n.'S B°"s "meri- I    ^    relief    . Liberators Batter    iSSwlSd to’To rnuS!' Doughboys from Sizing temper|itureS. which    thl.    stockholm    Mot - - —czssn srrs»rr„ ”.*».» - “sirs.ss- Sizzling Heat Due Long Run The Russians announced the capture of Lt. Gen. Moser-llill* man. commandant of fallen Lublin. He was their 26th captured general of the summer offensive. Lt. Gen. Wilhelm Grimm with a fatal accident.” probably at Munich, the Berlin radio said last night. American bombs cratered that Nazi shrine ritv last week. Col. Gen Freiherr ©eyer von Schweppenburg. commander of a division in Normandy, Bl LLFTIN LONDON, July 27—1 Pl—The First army of the Ukraine has raptured Stanislawnw, stronghold commanding the lower tip of old Poland and the approaches to Czechoslovakia. Premier Josef Stalin announced tonight. bank soon afterwards and were enveloped in a cacophony of massed met artillery and mortar fire. "Polish troops are advancing beside the victorious Red army,” Izvestia said. "Beblin is liberated alrcadv and the capital of Warsaw listens to the remote detonation of artillery." There were no indications that the Germans had been able to de By J. B. Krueger Associated Press War Editor Allied warships and planes, suddenly reappearing in the Indian ocean, have demolished the harbor works at Sabang. key Japanese fortress guarding the rich stolen islands ot the Dutch East Indies and Singapore. Southeast Asia headquarters disclosed today. Adm. Lord Louis Mounlbat-len, confirming yesterday’s Tokyo broadcast, said a 33-minute attack Tuesday by battleships, cruisers, destroyers and carrier airrraft silenced shore batteries, sunk a freighter, wrecked two Jetties, wrecked workshops and wharves and left the target area aflame. The Japanese had claimed little damage. • • • In China the U. S. 14th air force stroy the permanent bridges at Deb- sttiriR the Japanese trying to take Un and Pulawy before tailing back Hengyang, downing or damaging 14 Probe Death of Houston Sailor Tip commanders under the chief of staff. In April, 1943. during an inspection tour of the Tunisian front, he was wounded by shell fragments. and lashed out near caumon .    thU    morning    when    he    th()    Hl(lpr    bomb    plot,    the    same    acr0iS.s    the    river    If    Marshal    Hon-    planPS    in    a    battle over Yoe how. A 1    in    all    at    Ie J15vU-    forecast fair weather ana continued    intl    ^    ,tanlm    K    Rokussovsky's cavalry    hope began to glimmer in Chung- ,    Montrabot. In all at    least is u    afternoon    temperatures.    p    moved    fast    enough-** it did at the    king ttories that the enemy might LONDON, July 27—i/P)—American Liberators attacked Belgian military i »»■»■««.    —    —    —    ,    .    .    bJoh targets in the Brussels and Ghent    and    towns    ha\e    been    j    »    thermometer    soared    to    S    Death areas today and Berlin said other 48 hours. U. S. bomber formations from Italy j    ~    ~ made a "terror attack” on the ! . Front dispatches said tanks bear- Hungarian capital of Budapest *nK sharpshooting amid great air battles 0McNair was one of the early advocates of building up a method of anti-tank defenses, particularly the highly mobile self-propelled, hardhitting guns that came to be known as tank destroyers. _ Commenting on the general’s w death. General Marshall said "the American army has sustained a great loss in the death of General McNair.” "Had he had the choice,” said Marshall, "he would probably have ^sleeted to die as he did. in the forefront of the attack. His presence Civilian and military authorities here this morning were investigating the death of Leon Fields, seaman second class of Houston, who died early Wednesday shortly after being struck by an automobile driven by Morris G. Spencer, Dallas. The accident occurred near Tye about 4 a. rn. Fields died while en route to the Camp Barkeley regional hospital. Spencer voluntarily remained in Abilene Wednesday to make a detailed statement. He was absolved of any criminal intent in and Acting Co. Atty. Dan Abbott said no charges will be filed against him. Papers on Fields’ body showed  t0 be on 15-day *eave ffcnt the on the firing line with the leading I naval base at Coronado. Calif Next element in the great assault which I of is his father. J. P. Fields of has just been launched on the Houston.    _____ _____ _____ American front in Normandy, was;    In bis    statement    to Abbott    ancl    |    Givors-Baden    last    night indicative of his aggressive and    |    Maj. W.    H. Eanes,    Camp Barkeley    j    ccncentrated attack    pressed into a ^•arless spirit and should be an in-    investigating officer, Spencer    said    qUar^er hour. •mirins exam Die to the forces of our    he saw    an object,    which he    pie-    ;       ----- Lowered clouds and squalls limited tactical aerial operations in Normandy. During the night, British heavies bombed the rail center of Givors-Baden, 12 miles south of Lyon in southeast France. Mosquitos kept Hamburg awake, bombed other German targets for the fourth night running and harassed troop movements in Normandy. I p to 250 Liberators, with an equal escort of fighters, struck in Belgium in the same general area where Thunderbolts late yesterday hurled high explosives and incendiaries on dozens of rail targets. Brussels and Ghent both are rail bottlenecks leading from Germany to Normandy. A single bomber and one fight- infantrymen— snipers who cut dow n German rocket gunners—had advanced beyond Canisy, four miles southwest I moved ___..    , Pug river—it was possible that the bf forced to abandon his offensive 104 degrees at 5 p. m. bere yes- JUi ivjv.i n j    '    '    I bridges were rn Russian hand; i to seize all the Hankow-Canton terday equalling the high read- I J Gestapo    Meanwhile    rapture    of    the    EM    on-    milway Hengyang teetered on the ing of July ll. Sweltering tem- i    tan (.lty of Narva and neighboring verge of capture, but its doughty perature held on even after LONDON. July 21—(/Pl—The Al- towna on tbe south shore of the defenders and General Chennault s night with the minimum for    giprs radio quoted a Stockholm dis- f;ulf of Flnland vpip the north Bal-    fliers were making the price high. the period. 74 degrees, not com-    tfh    todav    as    saying    that Dr. U(. {rQnt wide oppn iind additional In the Yochow bauk bo Americans ing until 7:30 a. rn. today.    ' Hjalmar Schacht. Reich minister    wprp    gained in the Stan- were lost. *      —    -    •    ■      nv    sm"    i    British    inflicted    more    lo*- °W other U. S. tank spearhead Ablle'n'e’. ileal jrn    I    wKhiuI portfoTto. had been shot by    Ko^yV    sectors    on    the of Mofionf a-Qv. hattHn'f onlv eight war far short of the state . g i the gestapo.    routes    to    Czechoslovakia. In all, the miles from the dentins' supply Uvalde. Te“S'hoUest city    Reports    of    Sehachfs    de_ath    have    M„,cow    ^.mnunlque    announced    the road running north from Coutances fla> to the battle front at Perter*. These armored fists had scored the deepest inland penetration of the invasion—about 30 miles from the coast. The Allied spearhead which Laredo with 108. thrust into Canisy, two miles south ------- Pvnte in of St. Gilles, threatened to cut -las weather bul -    ‘ . the Germans who have been hold- West lexas,    degrees ing out in the Vire river bend west anQt^llCtPmp8eratures: San Antonio of St. Lo since the Americans pene- ,    the' latter exper iencing its hottest day of the year llo, registered 100-plus tempera- | croppCd up previously and have tures for the 20th consecutive day npvpr bren verified German broad-with a high reading of 111.    casts made no mention today of tire Right behind Uvalde were Eagle German financier. Pass, Del Rio and San Angelo, each - with 109-degrre temperatures, and aiedo with 108    ihr£6 jtonGWQii Next in line, according to the Dal- The ses on the Japanese fleeing India and C'hinese-American troops inched deeper into Myitkyina. trated the city IO days ago. For miles on either side of the , Dallas 102; Impressive St. Lo push the Ameri- ] Phur Springs 99: Houston and Cor cr were lost to flak today: no . impressive or. .nu pusu mw    i    1 fighters rose to challenge.    ;    cans    were    also    on    the move.    1)US    Chris    i. Fighters swooped low to strafe Two spearheads pressed in on ground targets such as locomotives ppries, 15 miles west of St. Lo, one, and freight cars. Great fires were left hiking at in the Distance Shortens spiring example to the forces of our great ground army wfhich he organized and trained.” U. S. Casualties Cxceed 311,000 WASHINGTON, July 27—(/Pi-Fierce fighting in two hemispheres has pushed the battle casualties of the United States past the 311,000 Aiark, with more than 63.000 dead. * The cost in men in this war now far exceeds the 278,828 total for World War I. Ihe Weather « LM. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER Bl REAL ABILENE AND VICINITY—Fair this afternoon, tonight and Friday. Contin- j ued high afternoon temperatures. EAST TEXAS—Fair to partly cloudy Jfejs afternoon, tonight, and Friday. "VEST TEXAS — Generally fair this afternoon, tonight and Friday. Maximum temperature last 24 hours, 104 Minimum temperature last 12 hours. 74. TEMPERATCRES Thu-Wed Wed-Tue _ M Hour P M (P> 7tv I 04    92 77 7ft— 2 — 9tl 90 77    74— 3- HH) 99 7H 72— 4—101    99 75    71— 5— 104    99 80 70— 6—101    99 70    70— 7— 99    98 R2 77— R— 94    95 •0 R2— 9— «4 «4 b 86—10— 82 81 92    90—ll— 83    77 96    92- 12— HO 77 Sunrise this morning Sunset tonight  ........   0    w sumed to be clothing, in the highway from a distance of about 40 feet. As he neared it and saw it was a body he swerved to avoid it. He had slowed his car as he neared the intersection of the Tye-Abilene Air base highway as he was to let out four Barkeley solders he had picked up near Merkel. He estimated his speed at the time he struck Fields to be 25 miles an hour. Fields was unconscious when Spencer and the .soldiers reached him. Two naval pharmacist mates are here from Dallas to join army authorities and officials of the sheriff’s department in the investigation to determine whether death resulted from injuries recived w-hen struck by the car or from other causes. French Patriots Wipe Out Convoy SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, July 27.—(/Pl—French patriots have! defeated German tank attacks in ambushes and are continuing successful warfare against the foe, the Supreme command said today in a communique from an advanced command post.    IN    FRANCE Patriot forces annihilated a Ger- as man convoy of 116 trucks in the Tuesday morning, the races I o r sheriff, county judge and commissioner precinct 3 of Stonewall county were not decided finally in Saturday’s primary. What happened was that run-off . I    races were set-up by results of the driving southwest down the road    _    .    a4).,rrillv democratic primary, from Carentan, firmly regained the NEW YORK, July 27—(ZP) A -    candidates    for the town of raids which has changed BBC broadcast said today that [Ju^*    . offires who will go into the hands repeatedly in the last fort- sian troops in one sector air 3    nrimarv next month and miles from Warsaw.    run-ott gantry ne See FRANCE, Pg. 3, Col. 3    !_____ —    -    the number of votes elf en pollen the first primary follow: For county judge: H. H. Shadle, 547 Warren W. Frazier, 326 For sheriff: Dan Hill. 457; Ross Turner, 389. For county commissioner of precinct 3: J. M. Metcalf, 111; N. L. Winter, 129. capture of mere than 500 towns. If the German shift south of Warsaw in an attempt to hold hack the Red army from cross ing the Vistula. Stalin may hurl a frontal assault from the cast. Gen. Ivan Bagramian’s quick lo!- _________ low up of his latest breakthrough    in    wilaon,    superintendent of the    city the central Baltic Soviet republics j garbage    department.    Wilson    said has separated German forces    in    hP did    not know the    cause of    the I Estonia and Latvia from those    in    trouble. Contrary to a report published Lithuania. XI Garbage Men Strike HOUSTON, July 27—(ZP) — Sixty-one of Houston’s 97 garbage truck workers refused to make their regular runs today, announced W. G. Races Undecided Seymour Candidate Aooointcd Attorney AUSTIN, July S7—(UP>    Gov Coke R. Stevenson today announced appointment of I horn as F. Glover of Seymour to be district tv— w „ I attorney In the district comprising J Baylor, Cottle, King and Knox counties. I I Glover succeeds Charles Bloun* of Paducah, who resigned and withdrew from a race for renomination. Glover was successful didate for the place In the July 22 Democratic primary^_ Poland's Premier Goes to Moscow LONDON, July 27—(ZP)— Premier Stanislaw Mikoljczyk of the Polish government in exile left for Moscow today. His departure came after the cabinet of the Polish government had approved a plan to send him to the Soviet capita5 to i confer with Premier Stalin in an streaming *    American    tanks    aud    infantrymen    tore    a    gap    in    German    lines    west of St. Lo ^  ........... ....... they raptured Marignv and St. Giles. Other limited raids were reported in the Lessay apparpnt pf{ort to effect a a and south of Carentan. Below Carn British and Canadian troops were reported con- promrP with the rival Polish eom- fac- 6 51 SS'™deFartmem'thC “""^dating their new positions. (AP Wirephoto). (tion in Moscow. IN POLAND—Russian infantrymen today were ref streaming across the Wisla (Vistula) ruer southeast < Vt saw. poising a flanking threat lo Hie Polish capital. Open a rows indicate the thrce-prong Russian threat to the cf .. ( ;