Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - July 20, 1944, Abilene, Texas
fojo's Entire Cabinet Resigns; Apologizes for Meager Showing of Japanese WAR BOND BOX SCORE Overall Quota Aeries E Quota Scries E Sales to Dale Abilene Jtojorter- "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES.'.'-Byron SEE STORY COL. 4 LXrV, NO. 33 A TEXAS 2-U, NKWSPWIB ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, JULY 20, 1944 PAGES Associated Prta (AP) Vnlted Frew (V.P.i >'RICE FIVE CENTS ussians Cross 1941 Frontier Breach in German Line Doubled Allies Near Toward Paris ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Thursday, July Gen. Sir Bernard L. Mont- gomery's British and Canadian forces more than doubled their Breach in the German's east- ern Normandy line Wednes- day and in the second day of a roaring offensive drove their armor inland almost to Vi- feont, eight miles southeast o! Caen on the main road to Paris. British armor by infantry battled'its way into iie outskirts of Troarn seven miles due eastward from Caen, but in the thrust toward Vimont, 112 miles from Paris, the Nazis erected a .strong rereen 9! anti-tank, guns to Slerrpthe Allied tide, Associat- Greei'icstrepbrted -'from the front early' today. After _..- original breakthrough on ij front of slightly less than three GENERAL MONTGOMERY'S HEADQUARTERS IN FRANCE July tm Sir Ber- nard L. in his most optimistic mood since D- JDa.r, estimated today lliat 000 Germans had been "writ- ten off" in the invasion cam- paign thus captur- ed and buried by Allied troops in Normandy, and the rest killed or wounded "on the side" of the lines. "It is reasonable to sup- the British commander in chief told a press confer- ence, "That there arc another dead on the other side, that of the enemy has been killed." TEXANS HUDDLE AT Morrow Houston, and George Butler Houston, seemed in ab- sorbed discussion with Chairman Dan Moody (right) of Aus- tin when this picture was made as the Texas delegation held its caucus at Chicago. Morrow introduced a resolution at the meeting of representatives, from Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, 'South Carolina, Texas nnd Virginia. (AP SPEECHES, START SWING TO TRUMAN CHICAGO STADIUM, July munlcatcd to National Chairman Fall of Guam lo Americans Appears Near By the Associated Press Resignation of Premier Gen- eral Hideki Tojo's streamlined war cabinet, admittedly at a, time when the grave stage of the war "is causing the em- peror much was an- nounced today, Japanese time. The announcement, trans- mitted through Domei news agency, came on the heels of Nippon's loss of Saipan and the impending loss of Guam. Because of the emperor's con- cern "the present cabinet Is filled with trepidation" nnd Its resigna- tion amounts to "apologizing for the government's meager power to the men on the fighting front and he one hundred million people ol who continue to work toward certain victory The-announcement followed close upon: WHERE ALLIES CAPTURE MAJOR ITALIAN Arrows indicate Allied advances toward the German Gothic line defenses in Italy including the capture of Livorno by Americans following the capture of Ancona on the opposite coast by Poles. Between these major gains flic British ad- vanced beyond the Arno river north of Arczzo. (AP Wire- fteshuffliriK of Japanese nd Navy posts. Army ALLIES CAPTURE MAJOR PORT CITIES OF ITALY miles, launched from the wedge Bcross the Orne river north of Caen and Vauceiies, the second day's bat- widened the breach to six miles. The towns overrun included these 11 in a- sweeping arc east and southeast of Caen, Banneville Bannervillp, Touffrevllle, Giberville Demouville, Colombelles, Faubourg Vancelles, Cuverville, Cagny am Grenthevllle. Clearing up pockets of resist- ance left in the first day's sur- prise thrusts, the British second army won command of both "sides of the River Orne on at [case a 13-mile front running from the sea lo the vicinity of louvigny and Flcury stir Orne. The weight of Montgomery's of- was directed to the south LONDON, .Tuly lin radio announced today that Major BurmhsJler, one nf tlit leading German fighter aces with kills, and of the. Rfcltthofcti squadron, hart been shot down and killed ovc.r Normandy by a British pilot. and southeast from the bridgehead across the Orne, and the first day's tJnn on Tuesday against the surpris- ed Germans ran up to five miles, headquarters disclosed today. The Germans on the afternoon of this first day mounted a strcn; counterattack, but the effort was [Ashed. wfoday furious tank battles were swirling around Cagny and near Grentheville us the Gevmans tried to halt the Allied plunge toward Prtri.s along Highway 1.1 Berlin's announcements on the fighting, ari- ijfcting thr. lass ot Cagily, stressed (he Allied progress along this main route to the French capital. Allied warships and landing craft engaged enemy batteries Mn the eastern flank In support (lie hard-driving ground for- ces, and although bad weather prevented n continuation of aerial support such r.s fhat which accompanied the opening of tlic. offensive. Tuesday. Nor- ftnaiuty-hnftfil craft were a Me (o mnJnlflln a over the roaring battlefield. An old-fashioned party row, with President Roosevelt and a host of vice-presidential hopefuls at the center of it, enRUlfed the first, war- time Democratic convention in 80 years in timultuous discord to- light. The storm broke while delegates crammed Chicago's big brick sta- dium to hear Gov. Robert S. Kerr of Oklahoma che keynoter -start a whooping, stamping ri- ng demonstration by declaring the war is being won by some "tired old including the sixty-two year old Roosevelt. It reached its intensity after the chief executive, purportedly com- Texas Without Convention Voice CHICAGO. July 19 MV The Democratic convention got under- way today without a showdown on whether it would fail nn anti- Roosevelt group of delegates Irom Texas or a delegation of pro-Roose- velt lighters from the state's rump i Party leaders tried to deal Wallace convention. out. too. While both factions achieved! BUI the vice president firmly de- some measure of recognition, nc-il- tually Texas thus far hns had no j voice in the convention proceedings i becausc of the" bitter imra-party Robert E. Hannegan word that aft- er Vice President Wallace, he fav- ored Senator Harry Truman of Missouri or Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas for a, running An clamor broke out in IhR Wallace ramp. It de- manded tn know what was pci- injr on, whether Hannepan had some new ivord frnm ihc chief executive, and, if he did. that it lie made public property. The squabbling wasn't limited to the vice presidential situation eith- er. drafters were finding it tough to write a satisfactory plank on the racial issue. And Tenn- essee's delegation, touchy on the subject like the rest of the south, reported it had voted to rescind endorsement of the president him- Other political stories, includ- ing die ke.vnoie address, u'ill br found on Paces three and five. self, pending disclosure of the plank. In the vice presidential scramble. War Mobilization Direclor James P. Byrnes long since had been thumb- ed out of the race by the, president. Enemy broadcasts that present I 'ar developments offer Nippon nu ause for optimism. The closing: of theaters throughout unhappy Japan In mourning over (he loss of Sai- pan where the Japanese com- mander of central Pacific opera- tions was among Ihc slain, The merciless bombardment of Guam was carried inlo its JSth consecutive day, the Navy announc- ed yesterday an hour after reporl- ing American submarines had sunk 14 more Japanese ships. On New Guinea's battlcfronU Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported Japanese have been killed this month in the conquest of Noemfoor Bland and the attempt of trapped Nipponese to escape from ROME, .i-jly 19 h-oops, who have slashed their way 250 miles northward In Italy in just over two months, drove the Nazis out of the big port of Livor- ..o today a few hours after Polish infantry had seized Ancona on the Adriatic coast. Capture of the two ports gave the Allies valuable supply bases for their forthcoming onslaught against 100 Temperature Sf ill Hangs On While Abilenians scanned the skies for rain Wednesday the tlicr-1 momctcr grinned and Flirt up to 30o degrees for the third straight day, marking that high at 2 and 3 p.m. the Aitape sector. The Aitnpe, Jap- I The relief the weatherman prom- anese lost 871 men in latest clashes ised never came and at 9 p.m. 'towns- I information showed the enemy was the enemy's heavily-fortified Goth- ic line. Engineers moved in swift- ly to bepin reconstruction ed dock facilities while infantry and armor pressed on. Use of the. Livorno 'port ivljl bfi restricted, however, until the Nnals have been driven off Mt. Plsnno, which rises immediately northeast of Pisn. The Germans have install- ed mnny biff Runs there, lo shell Ijlvorno's harbor from R distance of about 12 miles. The Nazis pulled out hurriedly las1, nlfiht after nn American flank- ing column had driven to Ponte- dern on the south hank of (he Ar- no river between Pisa and Flor- ence. No attempt was made to de- fend the city street by street. Peacetime r.fvorno, f (aly's third largest nort, was capable of handling n.Jiftf) Inns of ship- ping- daily, hut tlcmnlftfnn squads left Us rlnchs. Its 35 power cranes ami 21 huec ware- houses a mass nf wreckage. A headquarters officer said recent CHICAGO, July Roosevelt Texas delegates, still hoping to be designated official Dcmocrnlio convention dele- gates, took their fifiht Infnr- nially to 111c convention floor to- night by circling the jammed stadium floor. They carried placards reading "Throw the Judascs "We. Want and "Help Us Clean House in Texas." strife that has split its Democrats into two sharply-diffcrlne units. The vociferous pro-Roosevelt dele- tion, mostly wearing alternate indues, (onk seats on ihe convention floor and whooped it up loudly every ,ime the President's name was men- .loned. The regular delegation, which has decided to throw most of its weight the movement, hacking Sen. Harry P. Byrd of Virginia for presl- icnt, kept ils hands in iVs pockets. Decision nf the credentials ccmi- nittcc not to meet until tomorrow nornlng was taken hy several of he pro-Roosevelt delegates us a good sign that the pai'cy leadership reluctant to let the fight come o a head, and to keep It. off the onventlon floor if possible. Meanwhile, the regular delegation vns seated provisionally, without irojudicc the rump delegates. National Chairman Robert Han- iesnn was quoted at the pro-Roose- Mt. caucus f.s having said lhat hlle tlie regulars will he .vented linvp ,'lxerl Ibcmselvo.i for life 'Ith the Democratic party." "I ish." in (his to the fin- And. he rushed sway from the convention's night session to repeat the avowal in a statement on a broadcast and to add that "the dele- Kales thrmsdves will determine the future action of this convention.' as they turned from futile frontal assaults in an attempt to break through on the American flank be- tween swampy jungles nnd pre- cipitous mountains. The fourth heavily laden freight- er was sunk within a week off Hal- inahera, a potential stepping stone from New Guinea to the Philip- pines. Tokyo's forces were (aklne a heating in the Orient, Inn, with Nipponese, reverses reported in every battle area on the con- tinent, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz virtually announced that U. S. Naval and air forces were paving the way for an amphibious invasion of Guam men were trying to relax In 84- ricgree temperature. As for today, the weatherman is both conservative and when forcing from 15.000 to Ital- ian laborers to help construct strong positions through the northern Apennines. e predicted h won par ly i More lay. the East Frl Texas city of Pale-sUne knocking the mercury for a loop from a high of 101 degrees. "Palestine assuredly is the prom- ised punned Beaumont, re- porting H high of 102 degrees on the day of a heat, spell there. Less than two inches of rain have fallen in the Beaumont area during that period. Rice crops are requiring an unusual amount of irrigation. lnrcc quantifies of war malcriai Fight on Soil Nazis Seized From Poland LONDON, Thursday, July troops smashed 15 miles across the 1941 German-Soviet frontier on the Bug river north of by-passed Lwow yesterday, and for the firs.1 time in three years ot war were attacking on soil which Germany seized in (lie conquest of Poland. Opening a new offensive along the Latvian border the Russians also hurled back the enemy 25 miles on a 43- mile front in two days, Moscow announced last night. The Bug river, from which the Germans attacked Russia June 22, 1941, was crossed on nearly a 10-rnile front north and south of Sokal, 45 miles north of outflanked Lwow, by Marshal .Ivan S. Konev's first Ukraine army on the fourth day of fts offensive aimed straight at the heart of Germany. Prusinov, 10 miles west of Abilene Soldier Cpl. William R. Newberry 25. only son of Mr. and Mrs. Charlie New.- berry, Kirby Lake, has been listed as missing in action since June 1C somewhere in Franco where he was fighting with the Infantry. Corporal Newberry enlisted in the 1941, and received his CPL. W. H. NEWHERRY .raining at Camp. Roberts, Caltr., and" Camp Bulner. N. C., before caving the Stoics Jn Mn.v, 1943, for overseas duty. Fro was graduated frnm Wilf.v liph school nml employed by the I. F. Brooks Oil company. Munich Center nnl fight for Ancona. Two German divisions which had resisted the Poles doggedly fnr 75 miles up the east coast tinallv were forced to abandon (he pnri when fhrir lines nlrl LONDON. -July stronghold. Ini; 3fi hours nf thn most lerriblr. To the north Krystynopol on the Bug river border, was captured by Ko- nev's troops, who were sup- ported by perhaps the biggest air coverage yet attained on the eastern front. Krystyno- pol itself and Sokal, 10 miles to the north, another river city, fell to the Russians. Bor- atyn, five miles west of So- kal, and Ostrov, eight miles southwest of Sokal, also were taken in the leap across the Bug. The historic crossing was an- nounced casually In the daily broadcast communique recorded by the Soviet monitor, and was not roade an occasion for a special an- It came three years nnd 28 rfays utter Adolf Hitler's Ic- jrlnns broke the Gcrman-Bus- non-affgresslfm pact by Rttacklnc the Soviet union. Imperilled LTTOTT iraj nlsn being attacked fronlally whllo part of KOIIRV'S troops by-pass- cd H nn the Hnrlh, Fa rt her north another German commander, U. Gen. Oshsner, commander or the 31st Nazi in- fantry division, surrendered, the communique said. Seven powerful ftusslnn armies now were hfttinfc the reeling Ger- mans on a 700-mile front in the greatest combined attack ever launched In the east. German radio broadcasts nc- knmvledpcd the crossing of (he BUR, and said the Germans sup- ported by heavy tank formations were striking back fiercely in an effort to keep the Russian horde the Polish plains leading to German Silesia, 2-iTi miles west of Sokal. Sokal, 45 mll'v; north of was captured In the onrush In which Soviet airplanes held un- tli.spiited sky mastery, Moscow said. IAVOW, one of the greatest rail hubs in Europr, also was Imperil- led by Soviet, .spearheads which overran Remennv, only eipht and one-half miles northeast of that other Russian American armies were fighting Just a few were broken on the inland side. mtfilinf: 3.000 pianos cnnverp- miles outside of Brest Litovsk. HO A field dispatch frnm Sid Fedpr. I ed on Germany loilay from Britain miles east nf Warsaw, after cut- Associated Press correspondent who accompanied Yank troops inlo vornn, snld nboul a third of the i snnelnus cltv had been smashed by At lave field. Dallas, ;he Allied ofr bombs and Nazi demo- and Italy and brnuqht the attack Sting the railway leading north to to r. crurhfnfr cw.scrnrto af. Munich.) Bialystok at Kleshchelf. n reported a hish of 101. Un official reports from downtown Tn the convention a fight almost I out interruption from .July who usually when he said "our battleships, I Dallas listed 104 is high. In any cruisers, and dwtroyers laid down event, city an intense barrage: against defen- sive positions on (he Islnml." Carrier-based pianrs have struck the former u. S. Naval .stalion w litions. Livorno's anricnt. cathedral, restored in IBM, was "blasted wide open." Fedor reported, and ihe Hly has wlthfjut flrr.rricity or adc- wear their coats while; they are in ouate water for many days, session, shed their coals yesterday.- shrine of Nazism, where they con- celibated thetr assault on chemical and aircraft, factories. Th'- American planes dropped 5.000 tons of pxnio'Mves on numer- ous taiT.ets in ihr Rfich in (heir second straight day'of coordinated Bias! Known Dead, Missing Now 315 broke out in (lie Texas delegation when a member nf the pro-Roose veil group tried (o grab the state's banner to carry it to the platform. The "Regulars." generally opposed to fought to retain it. L. L. James of Tyler, one of the held firmly to the standard and the dispute broke lip police rushing lo the scene. .Some pn.ssfnfr from Oklahoma and North Carolina shouted "Get them a Dowry The demonstration during which this took place, lasted a lull 12 minutes before thr delegates settled down and the by dint of his pavel, had an opportunity (o complete his lipeecli. Polllicos from the Metropoli- tan organizations set up as their Koal a first ballot nomination of Senator Harry Truman of Missouri for second place on tin- 1044 slate, Wallace had a chance lo predict, his own rennmlnnMon at, his "in' H i the fight lo slay" news ;JJ but he didn't take II. A reporter shot (his onr at Sec Fg. f, Col. 1 Tuesday. Tlie Naval bombsrclnien'. has been continuous for the last five das's of that pcriofl. Battleships I have stood off the island for four' days, turning their big guns on key defense poinf.s. The total weight of bombs and shells poured on Guam may have set a new Pacific record. Air Base Officer illed in Crash miles and captured Montevarchi, 15 miles west of Arcw.o. The Weather Second Lt. Charles MaHory Chambliss Jr., 21, stationed at the Abilene Army Air Rase, was killed Wednesday at 5 p.m. when the P-47 he was flying crashed average gross crude I blows riiainst frertnaiw by tile U. central sector British (S. Ei'jhih and I5fh Air Forces, and RAN FRANCISCO, .July j troops of the Kichlh Army widened I bronchi to abou' inus Ihe to-i iptriiic explosion nf'fwo am- Ihelr hrldcchoad across Ihc Arno tal bomb-weight loosed the mlmition ships at Port. Chicago re- sulted in at least 31fi men known dead or nnrl millions ot dollars in property the Navy announced today. The cause nf the explosion -Mon- day night probably never will be known. Navy and civilian workers were blts.i' digging out the debris in the nation's worst wartime blast which shook 14 counties and was river northwest of Arnwn to six; coniincni since d.iwn more than half nf it on the Ger- man homeland. Some Liberators and For- tresses roared from the north and south atralnM. Germany, accompan- ied by about 1.300 fighters. They .slammed explosives on plane plants, air fields, a ballbearing factory, railroads, ordnance depots and Daily Production Of Crude Highest NEW YORK. July miles west of (tic base, ile on a combat training flight. Lientenant Chamhliss was il nroducllon Qnilec sru.-s ii-iched q i" the increasing 23 from life I" K.'hweiufurt r. s. JJWAH-J MI, AND clMuly TlMirvrtav j WEST TEXAS: son of Mr. and Mrs. M. Cham-1 week before lo compared oc Kafl Mri Street, Seattle, i with barn-Is n vwir ago, (lie Wasn- American Petroleum Institute re. I'Arllv rln'nrfv ARKANSAS Tirtly Clourtv atlrrnn Vallry.