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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - July 18, 1970, Abilene, Texas Wait AbileneReporter IHiUllWl!"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron SOTH YEAR, NO. 32 PHONE 673-4271 ABILENE, TEXAS, 79604, SATURDAY MORNING, JULY 18, 1970 -THIRTY-TWO PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS 10c DAILY—20c SUNDAY A»sociated    P) Up    from the muddy shallow These five Abilene youngsters and Snoopy, the dog. flipped this 15-pound catfish out of four inches of mud at Elm Creek near the intersection of S. 7th and Leggett Friday afternoon using only “big sticks.” Standing left to right are Karen Benson, 12, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Benson; Joe Allen, 9, son of Mr. and Mrs. Joe W. Allen; and Sam and Francisco Cortez, ll and 13, sons of Mr. and Mrs. Francisco Cortez. Kneeling is Danny Benson, IO, Karen’s brother. They all live in the Elmwood Manor Apartments on S. 7th. (Staff Photo) The Fish Flap at Elm Creek By IIM DUBLIN Repnrter-News Staff Writer Hey, better grab the nearest big stick and hurry on down to Elm Creek because the 1970 fish-flipptng season opened Friday, and you're missing out on all the action. The season opened when five Abilene youngsters and a cocker spaniel named Snoopy became Abilene's first successful fish flippers. Their catch, or rather, flip, was a 15-pound "catfish which, according to the flippermen, put up quite a battle. Those distinguishing themselves in the melee were Karen and Danny Benson, ages 12 and IO, the children of Mr. and Mrs. Walter Benson; Francisco and Sam Cortes, ages 13 and ll, sons of Mr. and Mrs. Francisco Cortes; Joe Allen, 9, son of Mr. and Mrs. Joe Allen; and Snoopy. The whole crew lives at the Elmwood Manor Apartments on S. 7th St. They had armed themselves with what were described as “big sticks” by a spokesman — Sam — and had proceeded to the fish flipping mud in Elm Creek behind the Enco station at the intersection of S. 7th and Leggett. Ostensibly, they were looking for crayfish (crawdads), but they were probably just trying to get an early start on the season. Anyway, it was about 2:30 p.m. when Karen notified the group that she had found a suitable specimen for flipping. She used that time-honored female method of indicating excitement — she screamed. Hurrying over with their big sticks, the boys questioned Karen. “I turned around and saw this big tail moving in the mud,” she said. Armed with this information they turned as one and, lo, there in the mud lay a very unhappy 15-pound catfish. Using their weapons expertly, they first of all beat the unsuspecting fish many times about the head and pectoral fins. After subduing the monster, they landed it by slipping Turn to THERE, Pg. 3-A Texas Official Indignant, Denies Migrant Conditions AUSTIN (AP) - A Texas official indignantly denied Friday a doctors’ report charging that migrant farm workers in Texas and Florida are exploited in dangerous working conditions. “It’s definitely exaggerated,” said Conley C. Kemper, coordinator of migrant labor in Texas’ Good Neighbor Commission. “I don’t know what they’re trying to get at.” The doctors, part of a Field Foundation team that shocked the nation three years ago with its report on hunger and malnutrition in Mississippi, told in a preliminary report to a Senate subcommittee of “thousands of our fellow citizens manipulated and managed in such a way as 1mm ESSA WEATHER BUW MI ABILENE    little    change    in ♦fm^ratur# Saturday through Sunday. TO. Southerly wind* IO TEMPERATURES^ pm Fri. ».m.    90 76 ............. TJX    ••      92 ..    93 ... 93 .. 94 '    ..93 93 ... 91 86 81 75 74 74 73 70 70 74 78 83 85 88 1:00 2:00 3:00 4 00 5 00 ....... 6 .00 ....... 7:00 8 on ....... 9:00 10 OO 11 OO .......... “ 12.00    ••    ~ High and low tor 24-hours ending 9 p.m : Highland low seme data last yr: 98 and Smet list night: 8:46, aunrls# today: 6 44; sunset tonight; 8.46^    .    , Barometer reading «t 9 o rrv^2A - »- #8wmidltv «t 9 p.m.: 30 per cent, Related story, Pg. 6-A to reduce them to sub-human status.” “There is no manipulation,” Kemper countered. “Crew leaders have to ‘manipulate’ people in their crews—someone has to be in charge. Migrant farm workers are educationally starved. They are not sufficiently educated to ... be sure they got their pay.” The doctors reported they found medieval living quarters, dangerous working conditions and a death rate for mothers and infants up to one-third above the national average. In Texas, they said, “intestinal parasitism was a striking finding....Rickets, scurvy, pellagra, ariboflavinosis, vitamin A deficiency, and protein malnutrition were prominent.” Dr. Henry S. Lipscomb of the Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, said three recent, deaths from polio were “a strong indication of the lack of basic medical service and inoculations in this area.” Kemper conceded that it is “safe to say” that the migrant worker in the Lower Valley doesn t get the same medical and nutritional attention the anglo does. But he added: “They are not used to eating protein. Some of them may pick carrots all day and there is no reason why they couldn t take some home....(but) they are just not used to eating fresh vegetables, and they just won’t.” Dr. Ray Wheeler said one Florida camp on the edge of a swamp “was. I am certain, the closest equivalent to slave quarters that could exist in what we consider to be a free society.” He said housing units had been hauled on trucks and set up off the ground on concrete blocks. Dr. Allan C. Mermann compared the living quarters at one camp near Homestead, Fla., with the prisons of the Spanish Inquisition. He said long, cinder-block sheds were divided into single rooms without heat, and contained a single electric outlet. Feds Begin To Enforce Voting Law By MARK BROWN Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - The Justice Department, beginning what it said will be a full and vigorous defense of the 18-year-old voting age law, filed its initial response Friday in a suit calculated to bring a swift Supreme Court ruling on the new Voting Rights Act. Justice Department sources said they hope the case will be ready for the high court when it opens its fall term Oct. 5. The suit, now before a three-judge federal panel in the District of Columbia, was filed against Atty. Gen. John N. Mitchell June 23, one day after President Nixon signed the bill into law. Papers filed on Mitchell’s behalf Friday set the stage for arguments, expected to begin in early August, on the merits of the now law. But the papers give little indication of what his strategy will be. The response to a motion In the case seeks to assure proponents of the lower voting age that Mitchell “is prepared to defend fully and vigorously the validity of (the new act.)” It asked the court to deny permission for a group calling itself the W.M.C.A. Vote at Eighteen Club to intervene in the suit on Mitchell’s side. The group contended the attorney general would not truly represent their interests. Mitchell shares the reservations about the constitutionality of lowering the voting age through an act of Congress rather than a constitutional amendment that President Nixon expressed when signing the bill. Nixon Gives Okay or Cambodia Aid WASHINGTON (AP) - President Nixon bas formally approved another $1 million in U.S. aims aid to Cambodia, bringing the total so far to nearly $9 million, the State Department disclosed Friday. The State Department also: —Officially punctured reports from New Delhi that the Soviets had proposed a new conference aimed at settling the Indochina conflict. Press Officer Carl Bartch said the U.S. embassy there advised “there is nothing to substantiate the reports con- WELLS TELLS BOARD No Tax Hike Seen For Teacher Raise By MERLE WATSON Reporter-News Staff Writer The Abilene Board of Education examined at a budget hearing Friday a proposed teacher and principal pay scale which, if adopted, would give Abilene teachers salary increases varying from $708 to $1,423 and principal salary increases varying from $514 to $1,500 for the 1970-71 school year. I^ast week the board requested that administration prepare a pay scale using the 1970-71 state pay scale as a base plus $700. Superintendent A. E. Wells told board members that the proposed pay scales could be supported without any increase in taxes. He said the reason for this is that most of the salary increases would come from slate sources. He also explained that teachers will be going from a nine month to a ten month program this next school year. Now that a tentative salary schedule has been proposed (a big budget item), board members have requested that administration present the proposed budget as a whole for their consideration. Even though at this point the budget expenditures appear to be within the expected budget revenues, there may be enrichment programs or other items the board may include in the budget before final adoption. The state salary schedule for teachers with bachelor degrees is $6,000 for the beginning Turn to TEACHER, Tg.3 A NEWS INDEX Amusements ...... 12,    13 A Astrology ............. 5    A Bridge ............... 8A Church Newt ........    SB Classified.......... I    I -15 B Comic* ............ 6,    7B Editorials ............ 10B Farm .............. 15A Markets    ........... 8, 9B Obituaries ............ 4A Oil ................ 12A Sports ............. 9-11A TV Log ............... 9B TV Scout ........... 15B Women's    News ...... 2, 3B cerning the peace initiative or whatever” which had been carried in the local press while Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Nokolai P. Firyubin was visiting Prime Minister Indira Ghandi. —Made plain that it does not expect any progress soon on the Vietnam peace negotiating fronl. Undersecretary of State U. Alexis Johnson said the enemy's position in Southeast Asia “has greatly deteriorated in the last year or so,” and it might be willing to negotiate a settlement. Rut “I frankly do not see any signs at the present time of the other side being willing to negotiate the peace,” he said. —Installed a new chief of the U.S. aid mission to Vietnam. Taking the Saigon post will be John R. Mossier, 46, former U.S. aid chief in Indonesia. He succeeds Donald G. MacDonald, who is returning to Washington to handle Near East and South Asian programs for the Agency for International Development. Nixon’s decision on more aid for Cambodia was communicated to Congress July 15 under the U.S. aid law requirement for presidential notification of such actions, Bartch said. The President originally allotted $7.9 million for shipment to Cambodia of such items as small arms. ammunition, radios, trucks, trailers and parts for T —28 training planes. That presidential action dated May 21 was stated at the time to have used up all the remaining funds available in the U.S. military assistance program for the fiscal year ended last June 30. However, administration officials subsequently found an additional $1 million still unspent in the fiscal 1969-70 program and this is what Nixon allocated in his latest effort to help Cambodia. Scores of U.S. Planes Rain Bombs Over Viet Positions SAIGON (AP) - Nearly 7,000 South Vietnamese and American troops have launched one of their biggest operations in two years in northern South Vietnam in an effort to destroy an enemy buildup, the U.S. command said Saturday. Waves of U.S. B52 bombers rained tons of explosives in Laos and the border area, leading to speculation that South Vietnamese forces may be preparing for a push into Laos against the North Vietnamese supply network. Some 1,500 American Marines joined 5,000 government troops in one of two massive sweeps southwest of Da Nang, U.S. headquarters said. The big operation into the jungled foothills and mountains kicked off Thursday but information was withheld for two days for security reasons. The Marine-South Vietnamese operation was aimed at destroying two major North Vietnamese base camps between TO BADMOUTH EAGLE You Werent First, Anne WASHINGTON (AP) - Princess Anne, you’re not the first to badmouth the American Eagle. Benjamin Franklin, too, thought it was a bad choice for the national bird. He would have preferred the turkey. When you and your brother, Charles, asked House Minority Leader Gerald R. Ford about the eagle Friday, he didn’t know why it was chosen. Neither did a Capitol guide. You commented it seemed “rather a bad choice.” Benjamin Franklin agreed, a long time ago. “I wish the Bald Eagle had not been chosen as the Representative of our Country,” he wrote to Sarah Bache on Jan. 26. 1784. “He is a bird of bad moral character; like those among men who live by sharping and robbing. He is generally poor and often very lousy. “'Die turkey is a muc h more respectable bird, and withal a true original native of America.” Army heraldic experts credit George Washington with plugging for the eagle, not an unusual move for a military man. The eagle has been associated with power, courage, freedom and immortality as far back as the stone ages. It’s been the military embLm and symbol of strength for centuries. It probably first appeared as a symbol on a Massachusetts cuppier cent corned in 1776. In 1787 it was on a New York copper and two new coppers of Massachusetts. One of the first acts of the Continental Congress, after the Declaration of Independence was signed July 4, 1776, was to recognize the need for a national seal. Franklin was on the original three-member commission “to ig in a device for a seal for United States of America ” The committee did—but in the nature of committees then and nothing was done about it. A second commission tackled project in 1780 with the same result. A third committee in 1782 came up with a design by William Barton of Philadel- Turn to ANNE, Pg. 3-A brin* the now. the the coastal lowlands and the Laotian border. The Marines reported killing five enemy soldiers and capturing two Friday after spotting a Viet Cong squad and calling in helicopter gunships. There were no Marine casualties, a spokesman said. A short time later and three miles away other units of the 7th Marine Regiment uncovered a large enemy arms cache. U.S. officers have been saying the North Vietnames might launch a major attack in the northern provinces of South Vietnam. The Enemy bases across tho border in Laos were untouched while allied force were tearing up North Vietnamese and Viet Cong camps and supply points in Cambodia this spring. There are two sweeps in the allied operation, 23 miles apart. They would take the South Vietnamese units to within striking distance of Laos wnere North Vietnamese reinforcements were reported on Lie move. As part of one of the sweeps, U.S. support troops of the Amer-ical Division were rebuilding the abandoned Kham Due Special Forces camp as a forward base for the South Vietnamese only 13 miles from Lios, informed sources reported. Knam Due could be a jumping off spot for thrusts into Laos if that is what the South Vietnamese have in mind. The camp, 54 miles southwest of Da Nang, was abandoned rn May 1968 under heavy pressure by troops of the North Vietnamese 2nd Division. Kham Due lies astride Route 14, a major North Vietnamese infiltration corridor running from north to south and funneling into the populous coastal lowlands to the east. The South Vietnamese sweep operations are aimed at smashing base camps of the North Vietnamese 2nd Division used big for staging attacks into population centers. Neither operation has encountered any significant contact since the first one was launched last Sunday. On the political front, the leaders of South Vietnam and Cambodia appealed to other nations to rush aid to Cambodia to stem the advance of the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong. The call emerged from a meeting in Cambodia of President Nguyen Van Thieu and Cambodia’s premier, Lon Nol— both of them generals turned politicians. Coleman Man Vie! Casualty COLEMAN (RNS) - First Lt. Nelson T. Tuttle, 24, son of Mrs. Kula Tuttle of Brownwood, was killed in action July 15 in Vietnam while on a military mission. According to a telegram received by Mrs. Tuttle, the lieutenant was killed when a hostile force was encountered. He was attached to Co. C, 1st Battalion, 27th Inf., 25th Inf. Div. Funeral is pending at Stevens Funeral Home in Coleman. Lt. Tuttle was a Coleman native and had been rn Vietnam eight months. He was a graduate of Coleman High School and a 1968 graduate of Hardin-Simmons University with a bachelor of science degree. He served five years in the ROTC at Hardin-Simmons and went into the Army as a second lieutenant Nov. 15, 1968. Lt. Tuttle trained at Ft. Benning, Ga., and Fort Polk, La. He was promoted to First Lieutenant when he arrived in Vietnam. Besides his mother, survivors Include his grandmother, Mrs. N. T. Tuttle of Sweetwater. ;