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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - July 17, 1938, Abilene, Texas Rural Voters Key To O’Daniel’s Success Or Failure EDITOR'S NOTE: Thin la the last »f titre* survey* on the governor'* race printed by thin and ll other Teas newspaper* cooperating in this poll. We lay no claim to Infallibility but do believe Ibl* survey present* aa Interesting and unbiased preview of the gnbernator. ' campaign which takes place next S.- turday. By RAYMOND BROOKS Copyright, 1938 AUSTIN,, July 16.—Rural Texas will say next Saturday whether it will afford the state's mort astounding upset and nominate an unknown newcomer to politics as governor over ll candidates in the first primary. A survey of cities in Hie class under 100,000 shows that, so far as these cities are concerned, there will be a runoff, with Lee O’Daniel getting 37 per cent of the expected 1,000,-000 votes. But the rural sections have the answer whether their enthusiasm for O’Daniel, highly vocal the past four weeks, will harvest votes enough to shove him across the 50-per cent line. And if not .the cities will say who is in the run-off. O’Daniel climbed dizzily from a dubious third place four weeks ago to a definite first place two weeks ago. and lengthened his lead for first place In a statewide, non-partisan poll of voters, conducted by cooperating newspapers, the results of which are here tabulated. Both William McCraw and Ernest Thompson showed moderate losses in their indicated vote dur ing the past two weeks, while O’Danlel advanced 75,000. Tom Hunter picked up votes; the number of undecided voter replies to the poll was greatly reduced; and, as was to be expected, a scattering of voles increased the total for Hunter, Karl Crowley, P. D Ren-frd, Clarence Parmer and others on the ballot. Extremely s I g - z a g and “streaky” returns made O’Dau-iel’s actual vote difficult to estimate. O'Daniel ranged all the way from fifth place, rounding the cities it included, and none in the rest of the state. It covered reports on an actual estimated vote of 197,200 persons in the primary. On a prospective 1,000,000 primary votes, it was computed to a basis of one per cent of the primary vote. Data, secured by postal card poll of persons on the poll lists, supplemented by direct interviews by staff members of the various newspapers of voters in their areas, was taken through Wednesday of the past week. It does not take into WHAT THE SURVEY SHOWS IN BRIEF I.    A cross-sectlun of    approximately 200.000 voters    In towns of    less    thaa I OO,<N>0    gives l.ee O'Dnnlel    87 per cent of the toUI vote. I.    ’i he big city vote    pin* the rural vote will oame    Hie runner-up candids!*-. There will be a ruo-off unless voeal rural strength Mollifies to give (mantel an overwhelming majority, 3. Met raw. In second place, has tS-plus percent and Thompson In Ihlrd pla*e ha* climbed to IO per cent.    _    ,    .... *.    Htint-r ha* shown    a revival of Intercet although he is still    far    behind lh* top three candidates. Comparative figures In the three poll* have been: Julv 17    *    June lit (mantel .............................. 309.SOO    204.SOO    134.200 Met raw ............................... 230.1 OU    IO*.SIS    IS I, JOO Thompson .............................. IM.IOO    I18.70U    10(1.400 Hunter ................................  70.000    (olheri    (oilier! Undecided, and other randldate# ........    118,000    120,000    428.000 fourth place and third place in the list in some of the reporting areas, to 51 per cent In some of the populous counties, and as high as 72 per cent of the total vote in some counties. This poll was conducted In the middle-size cities, such as Abilene, Austin, Waco, Port Arthur, San Angelo. Laredo, Paris, Marshall, Orange, Corpus Christi. Brenham, Amarillo. It Included none of the larger cities. It had but a small •element of the rural vote sur- account any shifting from then on in the support of any candidate— neither the possibilities of a rural landslide that theoretically might give O'Daniel ovei 500.000 votes; nor the wide discussion that "He's slipping here.” But as it stands, if this one per cent base proves correct for the entire state, O'Daniel has in prospect 37 per cent of all votes cast; McCraw 23 per cent plus; Thompson about 21 per cent; Tom Hunter, 7 per cent; all others, including Crowley, Renfro and Farmer, less than 6 per cent; and the “undecided” vote that must reach a decision within five days, about S' 1-2 per cent. The poll, conducted by the same areas, as those of June 19 and July 3, at least reflects accurately the voter trends between the three dates. This table tells the story indicated by the one per cent survey, as of the three dates: July 17 July 3 June 19 O’Daniel ..369,800 294,800 154,200 McCraw ..238,100 266,525 251,200 Thompson 203,100 218,700    166.400 Hunter ... 70,000 (other) (other) Undecided,    # and other cand!-    * dates ...118,900 220,000 428.000 The actual “undecided” vote this week stood at 59,950 as compared I with 130,000 two weeks ago. This left 58,950 possible votes for Parmer, Former Mayor Renfro. Former Solicitor Crowley. James A. Ferguson, Marvin McCoy, Joseph King, Thomas Self and S. T. Brogdon. The summary shows that O’Daniel picked up 144.000 votes in the first two-week Interval; while he gained 75,000 more in the past I fortnight. He moved from third | to first in the first interval, and held It In the second. It shows that McCraw picked up 15.300 Indicated votes in the first test period, during which he was dropping from first place to sec- See STRAW VOTE. Pg. 9, Col. 3 Here's a typical scene In the circus-like campaign W. Lee O’Daniel is waging for the governorship of Texas. While a crowd in Rosenburg presses close to his sound truck, O'Daniel tells the voters that his platform is the Ten Command ments and that he will pay $30 monthly to every Texan over 65 lf he is elected. Next to the would-be governor is his son Mike, 18. a member of O'Dan-lels hillbilly band. O'Daniel also croons and takes up collections. ' FILM STAR CROWNS GODDESS The winner receives a week's free trip to Galveston as does Joyce Whaley, 17-year-old red-haired girl, who was named Miss Sweetwater, Friday night. (Reporter-News Photo) George O'Brien, western movie star, is shown crowning the Goddess of West Texas. 17-year-old Wynona Keller of Snyder, in the fourth annual water carnival and bathing beauty revue at Sweetwater Friday night. WEST TEXAS11 OWN WWSMPCRHPfje Abilene Reporter -fMus"WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKT. ICH \OVR WORLD EXACTLY AS l l GOES,"—Byron VOL. LYU I, NO. 49. Auoelmte* Cress (Ar> ABILENE, TEXAS. SUNDAY MORNING, JULY 17, 1938 THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS. 0...- Cress (ITI PRICE 5 CENTS Heavier Income Tax Proposed ! On Small Fry Morgenthau Off, Leaving Experts To Make Study By IRVING PERLMETER WASHINGTON, July 16 — iThe Treasury Intends to malce an intensive study this summer of the feasibility of levying heavier income taxes on the “little fellow.” No decision hasbeenmade as to whether the administration will! sponsor any change in the low income tax brackets, but a study of the subject was one of the items of ’•homework” that Secretary of the Treasury Morgenthau assigned his experts before leaving Friday for France. MIGHT LIFT EXCISES Although more taxes for the “little fellow'' are believed by some administration advisors to be politically Inexpedient, Secretary Morgenthau has hinted at a process which might ease the sting of such a change. He indicated osme of the excise taxes now paid by the “little fellow” on theater admissions, cosmetics and the like might be repealed to lessen the burden of Increased income taxes. A few of the smaller excises, in-cludmg those on toothpaste and chewing gum, were repealed by the last congress. Treasury experts will prepare stacks of statistics and reports on many tax proposals during the summer, but Morgenthau has said no policy decisions would be made until he and the president returned from their vacations and had a chance to dLscusa the problem. LEADING TO PEACE OVERTURES— Labor s Civil War Election Threat To FDR LUBBOCK INFANT'S RIGHT EYE REMOVED TO CHECK GLIOMA DALLAS, July 16.—(JP—The right eye of seven-year-old Clinton Walter Coker was removed today in an effort to stop the progress of glioma. dread disease of the nerves and retina of the eye which frequently causes death. His parents, Mr, and Mrs. O. M Coker of Lubbock, brought the child to Dallas yesterday and specialists diag nosed the case. They informed the parents an operation was imperative; that the disease probably would bring death if the eye were not removed, and that there were symptoms the other eye posi-bly was infected. Unlike the parents in a similar case in Chicago recently, who submitted the case to a Jury which voted for an opera tion, the Cokers told the doctors to perform the operation. “We were convinced the child couldn’t live without removing the eye.” Mrs. Coker said. “What else could we do? Besides, the child in Chicago had lived. Why not our own baby?” So this morning Dr. L. F. Bland. Dallas surgeon, removed the eye. Two tiny pins of radium were inserted in the socket, to allay the march of cancerous growth. X-ray therapy and radium treatment was started to arrest the ailment of the other eye. In 36 hours the pins will be removed and an examination made. A the hospital, where the tot has won the affection of the nursing staff, it was reported he was “resting well.” Attendants said the child likely would live. bet™ saw Lewis Reveals THIS FOR NEXT island cruise CIO S Blacklist, Political Rallies All This Week EVENTS TO COME IN WEST TEXAS The Weather ARII,RNE and * trinity:    Partly    cloudy today. WEST TEXAS: Partly cloudv today and Monday, local thundershower* In Panhandle tod*'. EAST TEXAS: Partly cloud*. scattered thundershower* near upper coa*t today and Monday and In north portion tonight or Monday, NEW MEXICO! I .oral thundershowers today and probably Monday; little changa in temperature OKLAHOMA: Local thundershower* today:    Monday partly cloudy, probably scattered showers In east portion. A political rally is scheduled each night this week for Taylor county candidates. Monday night all candidates have been invited to speak in a rally sponsored by J. C. Shipman, can- J didate for 104th district attorney. He will supply loudspeaking equip-ment on the federal la tat). Tuesday night a community rally will be held at Bradshaw, and Wednesday night candidates will go to Tye. Thursday night all other activities at the Abilene state park will be stopped while candidates speak. Those planning to visit the park that night should prepare themselves for a session of listening. Friday night the traditional allcandidates rally will be held on the Abilene federal lawn, with everybody speaking. And Saturday night the work will be over, for a while, and the weeping starting. Auto Kills Newsy SAN ANTONIO. July 16—/Pi— Alvin Mahan, 14-year-old newspaper carrier boy. died today of injuries received when struck by an automobile Thursday. LUEDERS: Annual Baptist encampment, July 18-29. SEYMOUR:    Cowboys*    and    Old Settlers Reutnon, July 20-21. SANTA ANNA: Ground breaking: ceremony for new city wading pool. Tuesday morning with Dr. R R Lovelady as master of ceremonies.. BALLINGER:    Annual    4-H    club encampment at city park. July 21-22. WINTERS: Work to begin on remodeling of postoffice, July 20. STANTON:    Vote on proposed $27,500 bond issue to repair grade school, add to high school and build gymnasium, July 23 DICKENS: Old Settlers Picnic and Reunion at the Dickens camp grounds, Julv 21-22. STAMFORD: Annual four-day in- | vitatlon golf tournament at Stam- • ford country club. Julv 21-24 CALLAHAN COUNTY; Eula and ; Enterprise communities vote on equalization of school taxes, July 21. SAN ANGELO: Directors of Texas Production Credit associations In Coleman, Marfa, Stamford. Sweetwater and Wichita Falls districts to hold fourth annual meeting, Monday, July 18. I ROARING SPRINGS:    Directors of Motley-Dickens Old Settlers Reunion meet Monday. July 18. to discuss plans for the annual reunion celebration. August 25-26. SAN ANGELO: First annual Texas Sheep Show and Sale, July 19-21. American Jews Seek Protection In Palestine JERUSALEM, July 16— Pi—American-Jewish settlers beseeched the United States consulate In Jerusalem today to aid them in gaining protection as a terroristic campaign went unchecked despite efforts of British troops. Arabs and Jews each blamed the other for the outrages which have resulted in the slaving of 66 Arabs and 30 Jews and the wounding of at least 179 Arabs and 101 Jews since July 5. Former United States citizens asked America to use her influence in obtaining additional security for their scattered orange grove colonies. George Wadsworth, the American consul, was understood to have brought the situation to the attention of the State department at Washington. The plight of the isolated homesteaders was grimly illustrated by appeals {rom Aln Hashophet, settled mostly by American emigres, who said they twice had repulsed attacks of khaki-uniformed Arabs, IOO strong. In the last attack on Friday night, they said, they beat off the raiders wh o almost reached the town stockade, and inflicted “undetermined Arab casualties.” More than 500 shots were fired. An earlier attack came Thursday. Stressing their need for greater protection, they said they had only 37 rifles and seven special constables. President Sails On Fishing Trip SAN DIEGO. Calif., July 16 — P —President Roosevelt sailed aboard the naval cruiser Houston late today on an extended fishing trip after endorsing U. S. Sen. William O. McAdoo* re-election campaign in a Los Angeles talk and alluding cordially to him in another speech here. As President Roosevelt lunched at San Clemente state park en route here, Sheriff Logan Jackson of Orange county and secret service agents arrested a man they said was carrying a pistol near the president and a partially empty whisky bottle in his brief case A few hours later. Sheriff Jackson and secret service men released the man, whom they identified as William N. Bond, secretary of the chamber of commerce at Altadena, near Los Angeles. Suburb To Ask City Of Abilene To Pay Debts Question Raised On North Park's Bonds By State North Park schol district will ask the city of Abilene to make “adjustments” on debts allegedly owed that • suburb. County Supt. Tom McGehee said Saturday. The school district will ask the city to assume a share of Its bonded indebtedness as of June 1924 and as of June 1928 STATE RAISES QUESTION There is no record, said McGehee, that the city took its share of North Parks indebtedness in 1924, when University Place was taken from the district into Abilene, or in 1924. when Abilene Heights and Abilene Christian college were annexed. McGehee also said the county board would be asked to redefine boundaries of the North Park school district. Last official definition of the district was made by the board in 1924. seemingly earlier in that! year than the annexation of University Place. This issue was brought to light by questions propounded by the attorney general's de- j partment when North Park sought to have $9,000 in bonds approved. Tile attorney-general wanted to know what the official bounds of the district are, and whether or not the city of Abilene had settled lls obligation to the district after annexing a part of Its territory. SEVEN FAULTS FOUND In refusing to approve the district's $9,000 bond issue, the attorney general pointed out at least seven defects in the transcript given him: I. There were irregularities in the draftsmanship of tile map of the See DEBT REQUEST, Pg. 14, Col. 4 1 See PIDGIN ENGLISH, Pg 14 Col 4 See LABOR PEACE. Pg. 14, Col. 4 By ROI G. BLANCK WASHINGTON, July 16.—^) —The Carnegie institution is preserving pidgin-Engllsh for posterity. Breezy, like a grass skirt, and racy as the native hula-hula is this “rude, vivid picturesque trade-speech of chips and fragments.’’ The jargon leveloped out of the South sea islanders’ first contacts with white sailors. And. says the Carnegie report. the reckless sailor Influence is manifest in the vocabulary. It is recorded that a grass-skirted native damsel, rejecting a Hollywood movie contract because of her dread of seasickness, explained her refusal by saying: “Belly belong me walk about too much.” Any odor, whether pleasant or unpleasant, Is “stink.” Thus, perfume is “water belong stink.” and an onion is “apple belong stink.” “Grass” is a word for practically anything that grows. Leaves, therefore, are “grass stop along tree;” feathers, “grass stop along pigeon:” and of a bald-headed man It is said:    “Coconut belong him grass no stop.” Both men and women are re-referred to as “him,” although the word for woman is “Mary.” Hence: “This fellow Mary he no good.” Here are some more ae lections from the vocabulary: Accordion—Small fellow box you shove him he cry, you pull him he cry. Sleepy—Eye belong me heavy. Startled—Jump Inside. Piano—Big fellow box you fight him in teeth he cry. Cannibal meat—Long pig. Angel—One fellow marrier To Be Opposed | Stormy Laborite Puts Five Texans Among His Foes By JOHN LEAR NEW YORK. July 16.—<>P>— Friends of President Roosevelt arb trying to end the civil war in American labor before November elections. I Unless they succeed, they fear troublesome effect on the President's plans for the campaign. LISTS ANTI-LABOR' SOLONS i Up to today, they were worried chiefly by one thing— William Green's pronouncement the American Federation of Labor would oppose, as a matter of principle, any candidate endorsed bv John L. Lewis and his commute# for Industrial Organization. This meant that no candidate could be sure of the support of both the warring groups. It meant at least the threat of a split in the vote in every stat# where labor Is powerful. Today Lewis made It more than a threat by announcing the list of “anti-labor” members of congress he said the C. I. O. would oppose: A list that included the names of men the A. F. of L. has endorsed, men like Senator Adams (D-Col), Senator Lonergan (D-Conn I, Representative Sumners (D-Tex), and Representative Lam-neck (D-Ohio). Also on the blacklist were Representatives Dies, Mansfield. Lanham and West of Texas. — The president’s friends say he cannot risk continuance of such a split in an election in which he personally has taken the stump. The hope of these is that sometime between his return from his BUSY DAY FOR SECRETARY—The registration line never faltered Friday as pioneers stopped for their badges. Thirty who came to Taylor county 60 years or more ago registered at the booth, shaded by huge trees. Mingling about the grounds were 165 veterans who lived here 5C years ago and 1,148 who qualified as old-timera. The above picture was made at the registration booth operated by the association's secretary, Fred Jones of Tuscola, left,, and Mrs. Fred Jones, shown pinning an “old-timers” badge on Mrs; E. E. Presswood. who lives four miles north of Abilene. She has lived in the county since 1889. At right and in the foreground Is Mr. Presswood. Mr. and Mrs. Jones were elected last year to serve a life-time, he as secretary-treasurer and Mrs. Jones as assistant. This picture shows, however who does the work. AND THEY FIDDLED ALL DAY—Center of attraction during the first day was the old-timer’s fiddling contest and square dancing. The hotter the sun. the faster the men jigged and longer the musicians played. Shown here is a representative scene of what the thousands of visitors saw. Louis Honea is shown with the fiddle and at his left Is Floyd Pingleton of Lawn, who spent a busy afternoon “seconding” on the guitar. At right Is Sheriff Will Watson of Abilene., announcer for the reunion. During the afternoon a group of veteran square dancers, headed by Henry Collins of Bitter Creek, mounted the platform to demonstrate popular steps of dancing In the early days of Taylor county. Bob Sumerall did the calling, j Making a hit on this program was Frank Roberson, singer with the Abilene high school band.    I 96 YEARS OLD—The oldest veteran at the reunion was J. R. Clark of Coleman, above, who will be 96 his next birthday, September 24. He has lived in Coleman county only four or five years but has been around in West Texas for more than half a century. VICE PRESIDENT — They came from far and near for the 22d renewal of the Taylor County Old Settlers reunion at Buffalo Gap, Friday and Saturday. One of the early arrivals was Jim Hurt of Ovalo, llfe-tlme vice-president of the reunion association, shown above. He has lived in the county since 1876. ;