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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - July 15, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND BOX SCORE Overall Quota .......$3,805,000.00 Juries E Quota  $1,255,000.00 Series E Sales to Date $959,612.25 Abilene Report cr-JBtetos ntvMmtw nn u-rrrj npcpvcir Tri mirvnc OR PDFS WF SKF! CU YOUR WORLD EX VCT LY AS IT GOLS/’-Bvron EVENING FINAL VOL. LXIV, NO. 28 A TEXAS 2mU, NEW SP AP Sit WITHOUT OR    WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WF SKE I Cl I YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, JULY lf 1944-EIGHT PAGES Associated Press MP) United Press IU PJ BRICE FIVE CENTSReds Open Another Offensive By WES GALLAGHER • SUPREME HEADQUAR TERS, Allied Expeditionary Force, July 15.—(AP)—U. S. The Weather Yankees 2,000 Yards From St. Lo Outskirts Ihree •Towns •Taken foe Added lo Nazis Now Hit on Growing Area Casualty List Resistance in Italy Melts, 500-Mile Front Leghorn Near I S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER RI REAL ABILENE AND VICINITY — Partly cloudy thia afternoon, tonight and Saturday. EAST TEXAS -Partly cloudy contin ued warm this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. WEST TEXAS—-Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight, and Sunday, scattered afternoon and evening thundershowers In El Paso and Big Bend country.    ^    . Maximum temperature last 24 hours 95 Minimum temperature last 12 hours: 75. TEMPERATURES Sat-Fri Fri-Thur A M. Hour PM RO 79 78 77 76 76 75 R2 84 87 OO Sunrise this morning Sunset tonight ..... 70 - - S—• 95 71— 8— 95 70— 7-— 92 78— 8— 91 82-    9—• 87 84—IO—• 85 R7_ll— ga 91—12— 81 84 86 90 90 92 92 91 89 85 82 78 78 6:44 .8:48 TODAY’S WAR MAP—German forces retreat along the troops edged to within 2,0110    Normandy    'front    and'early’faU’of    St    Lo    and Periers I BlflZe DdlTISQeS yards—little more than a mile . ._j.__.__, ^____fLL..,.______ omm_____i„ f---♦    n..i*hirtv Anson Buildings yards—little more inan a    indicated.    Doughhoys    were    2,000 yards from the outskirts ^-of thei outskirts of the pi\o    ^ ^ within a mij€ or two 0( pcriers and Lessay. road huh Of St. Lo today amid    Tc,cn,ap). the crashing of a mammoth j *  r    __ artillery duel, and closed    _    _ within a mile or two of the other German road-line bastions of Lessay and Periers. MORE A front dispatch said the Germans fought stubbornly against Doughboys hammering toward St. *Lo. with that battle raging toward a climax under the heaviest shelling from both sides in the five-day-old push. To the northwest, other American infantrymen battled a mile from Lessay, and were two miles from Periers in the center after striking forward four miles to straighten a locp in their lines. Three towns fell in the four-^ mile southward drive from the marshes of Plessis toward Periers, closing in the American line menacing that middle stronghold, in the largest single-day • advance since Cherbourg's capture. Sixteen towns and villages on the American front, have been seized in the last 24 hours. The Germans fought desperately ^♦o hold their line on the lateral road running from Lessay 21 miles southeastward through Periers to St. Lo. A front dispatch said the enemy poured the toughest artillery fire yet encountered against Names of three men killed in action, one mussing and one prisoner of war have been added to the growing casualty list for west central Texas. The dead are: S-Sgt. John A. Von Gruben. formerly of Abilene. T-Sgt. Andrew J. (Jeff) Brown of An'.on. Lt. Weldon ll. Harris of Midland. Missing in action is S-Sgt. Earl E. Smith of Hamlin. Prisoner of war is Sgt. Leland E. Mills of Winters. Mrs. Von Gruben. the former Maxim* Humphrey. 1659 Simmons, has been informed her husband was killed in action in Fiance June 12. Sergeant Von Gruben son of Mrs. G. F. Von Gruben of St. Louis. Mo., was trained at Camp Barkeley and went overseas early thus year. Memorial services for him will be held in the P*rst Christian church at St. Louis July 23. Bv NOLAND NORGAARD ROME. July I.—(AP) — American troops have driven to within three and a half miles of the seaport of Livorno (Leghorn), in the Make of suddenly melting Gorman resistance, and have captured the town of Chianni, 13 miles By VERN HAUGLAND Associated Press War Editor Japanese radio broadcasts today were heard reporting the execution of several captured B29 crew members—and threatened that "any ANSON, July 15.— <Spl>—Anson had its second major fire in about a month when a blaze last night seriously damaged the McKeever Tailor shop and smoke and water badly damaged the Oran Dean jewelry shop next door. The blaze, of undetermined origin, was discovered about 10:30 p. rn and local firemen were able to keep it from spreading to nearby buildings. Amount of loss was not estimated. Mrs. Freeda McKeever. owner and operator of the shop, is vacationing in New Mexico. Last major fire, some months ago. was when a cotton warehouse was destroyed after being struck by lightning. Girl's Efforts Save Camp Corporal’s Life one S. column nearing the Pont-Hebert road north of St. Lo after a 600-yard . advance. Infantrymen fought yard by yard for the big road hub of St. Lo, and were clcsing in from positions at La Barre de Sem-illy, two miles to the east. • British troops have captured more than 7,000 Germans and killed or wounded four times as many—28,-000 to 30,000 since D-Day, a British staff officer at the front declared, as a lull persisted on the ^British-Canadian sector to the east. The whole Allied bag of prisoners was above 54,000. for an American announcement June ll said 46,819 enemy troops had been taken by U. S. forces. This was the position of the • American front this morning: LESSAY—One mile north of the town after the capture of the hamlet of Beauvais, converging on the town from the east where they were two miles away at Pissot, while on the west ® they were about a mile and a half away after advancing from St. Germain-Stir-Ay. PERIERS—A late telephone call from the 21st Army group this morning said the Americans £ had driven to within two miles of the town from tha north. The exact position was not given. Previous information a few hours before, however, recorded the capture of Les Granges and Gonfreville. four ^ miles north of the town and St. Patrice de Olaios, three miles northwest. St, l,o—late information this morning said the Americans had pushed west from la Barre de Kemillv. breaking the deadlock W there, hut did not give the exact distance of the advance. This one pincer was closing on the town while a half-mile advance northwest of St. Lo. down the Vire river through Creterville. ^ placed another American col-^ umn less than three miles from St. Lo in this direction. There were no advances in the Caen sector of the front. Latest reports indicated British forces had withdrawn from Hill 112 north of flsquay, scene of many bitter bat-les. Allied air forces recorded destruction of 27 German planes, against a loss of 14, with bad weather holding individual plane flights to ^bout 1,000. Cpl. A. V. DeMavo. headquarters j com pan 39th medical battalion j Camp Barkeley, probably owes his I life to Jalene Harris, daughter of L. Allied airman who falls or bails out over Japan par”arris‘ mana*er of Abilene state will be executed.;/    Yesterday Corporal DeMavo was .* . ..    .swimming    in    the    park    pool. He sm other Japanese radio speakers, anticipating a possible fered cramps in his ri(?ht side and second U. S. landing operation in the Mananas, reported the was unable to rise to the surface of eleventh-straight daily raid upon Guam by 85 American planes and an attack by two Liberators upon I WO .lima island in the Kazan group. The reported execution of captive Yank fliers was part of a Japanese broadcast from Singapore, directed to Ameri- ____ ^    ______ ______ can forces in the Southwest Pacific. It said several American J charles f. Rutledge and again this j Nsea* dutv. airmen captured in the first Superfortress raid on northern summer. Kyushu a month ago had “met with the same fate which was meted out to raiders of Tokyo some two years ago. One B29 was shot down on that raid, two failed to return because of accidents, and a fourth is missing. Adm. Chester W. Nimitz announced yesterday that a fast American carrier task force raided Guam, 125 miles south of American-occupied Saipan, and nearby Rota island with bombs and rockets Thursday was the tenth straight day of such Sergeant Brown. Anson druggist, died June 4 when the Flying Fort- i resses on which he was gunner crashed and burned in England. The Fortress was over Allied territory after returning from a European raid but was still in combat, according to news rereived in Anson. Remainder of the crew hailed out safely as the plane went down In flames, hut Sergeant Brown was unable to escape the burning ship. Co-owner of the B and W drug storp at Anson, he went into service early In 1943. Hus first missions were in February of this year and he had participated in a number of the spectacular attacks against Nazi targets in recent months. He was operating from an Eighth AAF bomber station in England. Letters received from him this week, written shortly before his death, revealed he was on his “downhill missions”, past 2a on a goal of 50. He Is the son of Mrs G M. Brown of Jayton. Bn LEWIS HAWKINS LONDON, July 15.—(AP)—The Germans announced today that the Russians have launched a long-awaited offensive in southern Poland—extending to 500 miles a front which in the north challenges the last-ditch string of forts guarding the Junker homeland in East Prussia, now less than 20 miles ahead of the Red army. The German high command said the Russians struck from northwest of Tarnopol, where they last were reported within 30 miles of strategic Lwow and west of Luck. 120 miles southeast of Lublin, which guards from the west coast, it was the southeast approaches to Warsaw.    announced today. A drive from Luck also would pose a southern flanking    threat to    Thp    most    significant gains    in    the Brest- Litovsk, which stands on the main line west to Warsaw and past tw0 wef,ju Qf heavy fighting, anchors the encmVs Bug river defenses.    __ “Some Russian penetrations were eliminated In rounterthrust , the Berlin radio said of the new offensive. Moscow had not mentioned any new drive south of the Irlp>at m ^The Russians kept up their breakneck pace through wavering defenses as thcx struck on in the Baltic states toward the fortified line guarding Last Prussia. The British radio said in a broadcast beamed to Europe that the Germans had begun to dismount installations in the East Prussian fortress port of Ko'us*brr*'    .    . . Pfflin I    assault,    pursued the enemy    north- (CBS recorded a broadcast by London saying the Russians    had begun shelling Grodno, old Polish fortress town guarding approaches    to south-    ^    apokwmj|n rrn MoscowUciispatclies said the Russians were within seven miles of Street barricades were bring    ^    "'ami    't ne' carman* were yesterday. Frontline reports declar- Brest-Litov.sk. keystone, of the defense ^, and the Germans    ^ ^ ^    ^    ^ reported bent on a fight to the death In these cill .. The Paris radio said counterattacks had been launched by ti Germans to the north of Grodno It aas on this sector that the Russians were closest to the East Prussian frontier. The Berlin radio admitted the Germans had pulled out of v ol-kowvsk, on the railroad 55 miles east of Bialvstok, and reported fresh blows bv the Russians south, southwest and southeast of tottering Daugavpils (Dvinsk) rail center In southern Latvia. Another enemy report said the Red army was pounding at the German lines below captured Opochka, northeast of Daugavpils and -4 miles from the Latvian border. Gaping breaches were reported in the German lines on many parts j of the front as the Red forces pushed forward as fast as 23 miles a day.    ___________________ putting the Fifth Army within artillery range of Livorno and nine miles from the Amo river, were made yesterday, with the battered Germans falling back at moat points. The French, who celebrated Bas-; tille Day by seizing Poggibonsi in a combined flanking move and direct said the leading elements of the American f< ices on the west coast were within six miles of the edge of Livorno late Lieutenant Harris, son of Mrs. Birdie B. Harris of Midland, was killed in action Mav 18 over Ro- Doughboys had punched to within three and a half miles of the outskirts at one point and to within five and three-fourths miles at another. In a broad forward sweep, one American column passed Ghiz-rano, 23 miles due east of Livorno. and occupied all the important heights covering the approarh to the Amo river, IO miles away. Another American force raptured Vtllamagna, IS miles west of Poggibonsi, while still other ti. 8. units swept through Chianni and Belvedere, enemy strongholds guarding the Era valley avenue toward the Amo valley. In the roastal sector Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark'* forces moved up three to five miles. Advance elements on highway one. main route to Livorno and Pisa, by midafternoon yesterday were on a line two and a half miles north of ( astiglioncello and still going strong. mc ui  ........... ,    ,    i    ■    nao‘    I Prisoners taken by the Fifth Army Institute of “Public Opinion poll cond    *    8    since    it    started    its    offensive    May    ll Vv,e0k    I    now    exceed    32,000.    while    the    Eighth WALLACE BIG FAVORITE OF RANK AND FILE DEMOS By GEORGE GALLUP NEW YORK, July 15.—Henry A. Wallace continues to bo the popular choice for vice president among the rank and j file of democratic voters, in the semi-annual returns of an | the water. Rescued after remaining under water about two minutes, he was given artificial respiration for eight or lo minutes by Jalene. Corporal DcMayo was finally revived. Jalene took her life saving course a year ago under Scoutmaster Livestock Wallace received more than four times as many votes as j Armv rep0rted prisoners were pour-mania, a War department telegram    1    ,    man Senator Alben W. Barkley of ing into its cages at an average to his mother announced. He had j the next most popular man, aenau    ,    ^    Qf    m    d#Uy    ^ ^°nAmong eight vice presidential possibilities, the popular ranking as of today rn the poll follows; Wallace * .........................percent n    ..... .............14    percent Ti    v Bvtd.........   6    percent Therernaining 16 percent wMdwaH.mongJamesF Sam Rayburn, Edward R. Stettinius ana previously been reported missing. This is the second death mcs-safe from the War department to Mrs. Harris, Another son, LL Temple Harris, was killed last January in a plane crash in Iowa. A third son, Sgt. Truman Harris left recently for over- News came Tuesday to Mrs. Earl Byrnes, Speaker E. Smith of Hamlin, the former (Senator Harry I ruin ail* ■ I WF A i It attacks. The Tokyo-broadcast added that a "powerful American unit, with carriers, battleships, erasers and destroyers, is continuing activities near Guam. The war situation does not allow a moment of optimism.” The Kazan or Volcano islands, 750 miles northwest of Saipan, hitherto have been out of reach of reach of American land - based planes. A strike by Liberators would indicate that Saipan’s newly-won j airfields were in shape to handle! heavy bombers. In China it was disclosed that Capt. Winfree Sordelett, an American P-38 pilot, flew an unarmed photographic reconnaissance mission over the Japanese main islands last October—a 2,200 mile round trip across the East China sea. Two bypassed and starvation-threatened Japanese forces, meanwhile, attempted to join join Nipponese garrisons in northwestern New Guinea, one by stealth, the other by desperate attack. The fierce assault was by forward,    .    ,    B .. elements of the lath Imperial Army, His wife is the tonner Belly seeking to blast a path westward Louise Love of Muskogee, for 45.000 survivors through the Qj^jg w}10 has been visiting * A1Upc' here." War department notice There were some penetrations but He was missing came early in in general the Americans held their July. lines. “The initial effort of the enemy’s advance elements, failing of surprise, has dwindled.” Cen. Douglas MacArthur reported. Along Dutch New Guinea’s Ma ffin bay, 300 miles west of Aitape, Americans occupied Sawar airdrome without opposition. Enemy garrison long confined there had taken to the swamps and thick jungles of the interior, apparently in suicidally hopeless flight westward. American Liberators bombed Yap and Truk in the Carolines, and shot down eight intercepting enemy fighters. In China. Japanese pressing northward from the coast along a main rail line, capture of which would bisect China’s defending forces, crossed the Pei river 58 miles above Canton. Chinese units checked the advance 12 miles south of Yingtak. At the other end of the rail gap. where the Japanese again have encircled Hengvang, counterattacking Chinese recovered a number of strong points on the approaches to the city. FORT WORTH FORT WORTH July 15.—<lrP» —Livestock: Cattle 250, calves IOO. compared close last week all classes steady to strong, some steers and cows 25 higher Week5s tops: slaughter steers and yearlings 14 SO, heifers 13 75. cows 1125. bulls 9 50. killing calves 13.00 Stocker calves 11.00. Week s hulks:    Grass    steers    12    00-14 25, low grade grass steers and yearlings 7 00-11.00. beef cows 7.00-9 00. canners and cutters 4 00-6 75 bulls 6 00-9.00 canners and cutters 4 00-6 75. bulls 6.00-9.00, slaughter calves 7.50-12.50, culls 8.00-7 00. stocker calves and yearlings 7.00-10.00. About 30 percent of receipts for week cows. Sheep 3000, compared with week ago. Spring lambs steady to 25 lower, shorn lambs and yearlings 75-1.00 lower, aged sheep steady; Week's tops spring lambs 13.00, shorn lambs and yearlings 10 50, shorn two year old wethers 7.00, shorn ewes 5.50 Closing bulks medium and good spring lambs 11 00-12 25. medium and good shorn lambs and yearlings 8 50-9 50, shorn two year old weth-I ers 6.00-7.00. Common to good shorn ewes 3.75-5.00. feeder demand narrow Hogs 250. steady to IO lower than Friday's average. Top 13.65 paid for most good and cRoice 180 270 lh butchers. I Good ISO lh weights down tn 11.25 Cows mostly 1075. Compared with week ago good butcher IO higher lighter 25-LOO higher. Craigolene Elmore, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Craig Elmore of Hamlin, that her husband has been missing in aerial action over Germany since June 29. Sergeant. Smith, son of Mr. and Mrs. Wood Smith of near Hamlin, was an employe of the Farmers and merchants hank at Hamlin when he volunteered for service in February. 1943. He left May 27 for England. The sergeant is missing on either his first or second mission, it is thought, since a letter from him dated June 27 reported his crew was “ready to go” on its first raid. He is radio operator on a bomber. Sergeant and Mrs. Smith have a 3-months-old daughter. Mary Louise, whom he has never seen. He is a 1942 graduate of Hamlin high school. • • * Mr. and Mrs. Hallie Milk "bf near Winters have received word from the War department that their son. an air force sergeant, is a prison^ Government Hits New Spending Peak WASHINGTON. july 15. tJ’)— War spending by the government reached a new monthly peak of $7,-957.000,000 In June, an increase of $29,000,000, or one half of one percent over May outlays, the War Production board announced today. The average daily outlay vc as $306,000,000. This made June the second month in which the rial y rate topped the $300,000,000 mark. Expenditures per day reached $312,-300.000 in February Armored Division's Commander Killed CHATTANOOGA. Tenn.. July 15 —<*»>--IIM. Gen. Paul W Newgar-den, commander of the 10th Armored division; two colonels, and at least two other persona were instantly killed near here last night when an Army plane crashed and exploded during a heavy storm. Capt. Lester M. Nichols, public relations officer for the loth Armored division at Camp Gordon, Ga , announced the fatalities. He said Gen. Newgarden, Col. Renn Lawrence. commanding a combat unit. MISSING ON B-29 KAID— Second Lt. William Arnold Pruitt, son of Mrs. T. E. Turner, 726 Sunset, was reported missing in action on the June 15 B-29 raid on Japan. He is the only Abilenian known to have taken part in tile raid. CHINA 0_IOO StATUU Mins .    HankowJ lchango I Tungti " / Liuyang j Changsha^, , . Hengyang \leiyang Kweilin Kukong pr^__Fengtsun {Canton BL HONG KONG ihp Hailv figures, supplied by the nn(j the others had been en route Treasury department, are based on I from Fort Knox. K\ , to Augusta, the number of days in each month Ga., where a troop review was plan-on which checks were cleared. The , ned at Camp Gordon today to cele-total ‘-pending figure also includes Prate the second anniversary outlays of the Reconstruction Fi- Gen. Newgarden* command. „an„ corporation and it., aubaidla- ^    wj|| Open in August of the defense program on BAIRD, July 15- Eola school expected to be the first in Callahan county to open after the summer holidays according to B. C. Chris- art o f july I, 1940, totalled $199,900,000,000. Texan to Graduate From FBI Academy Among the 38 law enforcement officers who will graduate fiom thf 25th session of the FBI National academy on July 22 is one Texan. He is Forrest E. Keene, .sergeant of detectives, University Park, Dallas. The graduation exercise will be held in Washington. D. C. where diplomas will be awarded to the police officers who have successfully completed thp 14-week training course. Shackelford's Bond Quota Is Exceeded ALBANY, July 15—(Bpi)—John F. Sedwick, war bond chairman for Shackelford county reports that the county exceeded it* Filth War Loan quota by $08,729 50. Sales through July ll were $428.-Gulfport. Miss., and Grand Island, 1729.50. Of this amount IIOJJOWJO Neb. His wife and thnr 17-months- was in E bonds. wh*rh old son live at Clyde.    I    E    bond    quota    by $1,300.00. SGT. LELAND I). of waJ of the German government. He had been missing in aerial action since last April. Sergeant Mills went overseas last January for duty as waist gunner on a Flying Fortress. He volunteered for service in September, 1942, and trained al Goodfellow field, man, county superintendent. Eula will begin its fall term in August and run four to six weeks, then shut down until the cotton picking season is over, he said. W. T. Gasiat Is superintendent. USO Expanding BAIRD. July 15—The USO head quarters near the T&P passenger station here, opened about thiee months ago, continues to expand its facilities and conveniences for the service men, according to Mrs r. l. Edwards, supervisor. Many new books, magazines and other reading matter have recently been donated. Soldiers crowd into the USO from trains stopping at this division point. sivo began. This would add a total of more than 10.000. The possibility was seen that th! Germans plan to fall back on the Amo river. Recent aerial reconnaissance showed the enemy digging gun emplacements along the Ame between Florence and Pisa, anc evidently the Germans intend tc make It the outer edge of the deep Gothic line fortifications, extending back into the Apennine range. The Eighth Armv occupied the village of Santa Lucia In the uppei Tiber valley and advanced to within two miles of Citta di Custello, » road junction Heavy fighting continued for hills dominating thai junction. Suburbs of Paris Hit by Lancasters LONDON. July 15— uP— British Lancaster bombers hammered ai railroads in the suburbs of Parii early today. This was a climax tc widespread night air assaults ir which other heavies hit flying bomi: Installations in France and Mosquitos ripped into German position* in Normandy and objectives lr Germany. The important Villeneuve-St Gorges railroad yards en the southeastern outskirts of Paris gave th# Lancasters their target for this morning. Reconnaissance had disclosed large concentrations of rolling stock there, loaded with supplies for the battle area. Seven bombers were missing front: the attack on Villeneuve-St. Gorges A communique said one failed tc return from the operations during the hours of darkness. The yards at Villeneuve-St. Gorges are a distributing point for traffic from the south of Paris. Robot lairs were attacked twic# in daylight yesterday by RAF heavy bombers. Flying bombs fell in th# southern counties during the night causing damage and casualties. Manfredo B. Martinez, charged with the possession of automobile tires without certificate from the ration board, has been transfened from the Jones county jail at Anson to Austin where he was delivered to the U S. marshal of the western district. Dallas-Ft. Worth Road Crash Kills Three DALLAS, July 15. — (/P> —Thre# persons were killed and nine wen injured last night in the collisior of two automobiles on the Dali asport Worth highway near the North American aviation plant The dead were: George Manus, 50. of Grand Prairie, and his two-year-old son. Lloyd Manus. Mrs. Jack Roper, also of Grand i Prairie. ;