Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - July 13, 1944, Abilene, Texas
WAR BOND BOX SCORE
derail Quota .......$3,805,000.00
Aeries E Quota ...... $1,255,000.00
Series E Sales Wednesday $5,381.25 Series E Sales to Date $875,680.50
mt Abilene porter
I \ v; I ’ Pl/nv'il V/'XI ' D \\7KAn in I* \ KC
“WITHOUT OR M
♦vol. LX1V, NO. 26
A TEXAS NEWSPAPER
'ITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WF SKIP Cl I YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS FT GOES.'-Bvron
ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING, JULY 13, 1944-FOURTEEN PAGES
Associated Pre** (API
United Prcts (V.P.i
PRICE FIVE CENTS
YANKS SURVEY U. S. CEMETERY IN FRANCE—Surveyors lay out the first American cemetery in France for the present war, using a plan similar to the one for AHtngton Na tional cemetery, near Washington. Crosses have been placed on rows of graves stretch nj, to backgrounds. (AP Wirephoto from Signal Corps Radiophoto).
fight for St. Lo Rages On British Regain Mallet
.Yankees Drive STH army captures town in
Nearer Lessav PLANKING THRUST AT LEGHORN
I ! _ I inn UA In ’OO nrltnnpM. ar
By EDDY GILMORE
MOSCOW July 13-(APr-Russian troops advanced to a point within 30 miles of the Suwalki triangle of East Prussia today after plunging 19 miles forward in a day and night.
(The Suwalki triangle is a wedge of old Poland between East Prussia and Lithuania, which was annexed to Last Prussia bv the 1939 Ribbentrop-Molotov agreement in the
Bv J. B. KHI EGER Associated Press War Editor Another isolated Japanese army, twice as large as the 20,000-man force wiped out on Saipan last week. today built up an all-out offensive to break free of the Allied deathtrap on New Guinea.
The preliminaries started Mon-1 day with an attack against veteran J American troops 21 miles southeast; of Aitape, one of the jaws of the trap which has squeezed the enemy i into the Wewak area. A second
attack followed Tuesday and Gen. fourth partition of Poland.
Douglas MacArthur reported skim- (Suwalki itself is but ll miles from the pre-war border
of East Prussia. It is 60 miles southwest of Kaunas and 90 miles from the Prussian Baltic coast. A Russian drive to the Baltic might trap two German armies in the Russian-annexed states of Estonia. Latvia and Lithuania.
(An NBC broadcast from Sweden said the Russians were within 12 miles of East Prussia after driving 30 miles beyond Grodno, also an old Polish city. Such proximity would mean that battle echoes could be heard in Germany itself.)
Other Russian columns struck within 38 miles of Kaunas, old capital of Lithuania in a seven-mile advance. Detachments were within 29 miles of Grodno after racing *.< miles in 24 hours. Yet another group was 50 miles from Bialy-stok. strategic rail center leading into Warsaw and Last (Prussia. Brest Litovsk on the river Bug was within 67 miles of forces on the north and 70 of those in the I ripvat Mars t
Bv WES GALLAGHER
£ SUPREME HEADQUAR
TERS, Allied Expeditionary Force, July 13.—(AP)—The Germans in St. Lo. ancient fortress town in the middle I ^>f the base of the (. herbourg peninsula, were being gradually strangled today by the arms of a powerful American tank and infantry offensive which already had passed by ♦he town to the east.
Supreme headquarters announced the capture of seven towns by the Americans in gains along a 48-mile front. *
On their loft flank Lt. Gen. Omar 0N. Bradley’s warriors captured La Boulaye, 2 1-4 miles east of St. Lo They pressed on across the St. Lo-Bayeux road and reached the outskirts of La Barre de Semilly, 2 1-2 miles southeast of St. Lo.
„ St. Lo was plainly visible to the ♦Americana. Fighting only a mile and a half away.
Northwest of the town, the Americans widened their bridgehead across the Tire river by pushing forward a half mile west if of Pont Herberf and a mile south. They were approaching Meenil Durand, three miles northwest of St. Lo.
They also retook the village of Le Desert, which had been in # no-man’s land, and turned back sharp German counterattacks.
A similar squeeze was being mounted against Lessay, 21 miles northwest of St. Lo, where the £ Americans were pushing for-ward on two sides of their objective.
Southwest of la Haye du Putts and northwest of Lessay, they cleaned out a coastal area, advancing a mile ^to Bretteville-Sur-Ay, which was ♦now in American hands, and occupy -ing Beeterie.
To the northeast of Lessav the Doughboys pushed through Vesly
By NOLAND NORGAARD
ROME. July 13—UP) — American troops of the Fifth Army, breaking through German defenses in the upper Era valley some 17 miles inland from Italy's west coast in a flanking move against Livorno (Leghorn) have captured the town of Lajatlco in the bitterest fighting Italy has seen in recent weeks, Allied headquarters announced today.
The doughboys quickly mopped up all enemy soldiers remaining in the town yesterday.
Pilot Husband of Abilene Woman Gets Nazi Over Liepzig
taking 150 to 200 prisoners, and surged on northward. By noon they had closed to a point only 12 miles from the Amo river valley, key to the outer strong-points of the German “Gothic line” defenses — supposedly th^ last strong natural barrier left to the enemy short of the Po
Ishes were continuing. The other jaw is an Australian force pushing up from the south.
A heavy force gathered for the break-through attempt evidently was hoping to clear an escape path for 45.000 troops westward to Dutch New Guinea. This force, the remainder of fiO.OOO men who made up the Japanese 18th army, had to break out or perish.
This resurgence of Southwest Pacific land action came amidst announcement of record casualty figures growing out of the Saipan victory. Adm. Chester VV. Nimitz disclosed 2.359 I . S. troops were killed, 11.481 wounded and 1,213 missing In the 25-dav battle which won this strategic island for the Allies.
The Japanese .suffered more heavily. They lost 11,948 known dead and perhaps as many as 19.000. More than 1.000 prisoners—a record for a single action in the Pacific were taken, in addition to 9,000 civilian internees.
Neutralization of island bases
loft miles of Russian Runs to
river line in northern Italy.
Simultaneously French troops on 0nd other islands were hit to wipe the right of the Americans carved out japanese air strength. Truk also was hit with 50 tons Monday. MacArthur joined in this pro-
SULLI V AN
a path through German defense points and captured San Donato, astride a secondary highway in a mountainous area 25 miles southwest of Florence.
Still farther to the east other French forces repulsed enemy counterattacks against Hill 218, two miles southwest of Poggibonsi and 38 miles inland from the west coast. Clinging doggedly to their positions, the French inflicted heavy losses on the enemy and remained poised as a menace to Poggibonsi, key junction controlling roads toward Florence and the Amo valley.
The only major chances on the Eighth Army front came in the upper Tiber valley. There Allied troops gained as much as four miles, halving the distance to the road junction of Citta di Gastello. East of the Tiber the enemy withdrew from two strong hill positions.
The day brought no fresh news of * the American elements which have taken Castiglioncello and progressed up the west coast to within eight miles of Livorno. Further progress on the coast appeared to depend largely on gains further inland, where it is necessary to root the enemy out of high ground commanding the coastal plain.
Warsaw itself was within the northeast.
Daugavpils, gateway to the Baltic sea and Riga, was feeling increasing pressure of two huge approaching sian armies. Already its garrison was like the one surrounded in W?ilno in Lithuania, bracing for the coming blow*
The newest disaster to befall the Germans was Gen.
..... __ Andrei I. Yeremenkos offensive against the Latvian repuh-
flanking Saipan continued Guam |jc xvhicli in its first two days gobbled up more than l.ftftft
has been bombed and shelled dally | v|||ages \n a hrcak-through which front dispatches said was
now IOO miles wide and 25 miles deep north of Gen. Ivan
Bagramian’s First Baltic army. , .. .
Yeremenko moved to within 18 miles of the border of the Latvian Soviet republic on the main Veliki)' Lukl-Riga railway. . .
• A Reuters Moscow dispatch said Red army tanks had plunged to within 35 miles of the East Prussian border in fighting southwest of the
cess, sending his bombers against Timor, Oram, Baho, Palau. Woleai and Rabaul.
In China the Japanese moved 25 miles up the Hankow-C anton railroad to reinforce an enemy force still attacking in hopes of rapturing Hengyang, key point on the line. The enemy’s southern China army was nearing Yingtak, 190 miles south of Hengyang.
In Burma two Chinese divisions joined forces near Mogaung, effectively guarding a 300-mile cleared section of the Ledo road. To the east in Yunnan province Chinese troops took the last important position outside Tengchung, enemy-held base vital to reopening the Burma-Ledo road.
Missing Abilenian Prisoner of War
TODAY ON EASTERN FRONT The irresistible tide of Russian power continued to roll toward Germany as Red troops advanced 19 miles to within JO miles of East Piussia. Moscow said the farthest westward advance was into the
n*WFront dispatches pictured this latest offensive as well under way and Suwalki area southwest of Kuanas. A Swedish broadcast slid
said the Germans were falling bark pell-mell.
(The Berlin radio, apparently preparing the German people for news of a large-scale withdrawal along the entire eastern front, said:
• It is obvious that the front cannot remain as It is. There are two alternatives. One Is a large acale counter-offensive and the other the adaption of the entire front to new lines Since we are on the defensive in the east, the second alternative is the one to be ap-
PlAd dispatch to Izvestia said Yeremenko’s offensive began with a heavy artillery barrage that blasted the Germans “permanent fortifications as high as 130 feet in the air.
From Wilno itself • 'correspondent tor Red Star. th, Ajw ”'»•* piper’ reported the centure of the postoffice. He described the Nail garrison as “in a state of agony
The captives testify that the soldiers wanted to surrender, but prevented bv storm troopers who threatened lo kill any who he wrote. “They shot many who sought to give up despite the
The dispatch said the dropping of Nazi parachutists in groups of
tho advance had gone on to within 12 miles of Prussia, 30 miles beyond Grodno. Moscow s report was that detachments were wiihin 29 miles of Grodno after driving 27 miles in 24 hours. (NEA Telemap).
200 to 300 continued. The Russians shot many of them out of the skies.
Gen. Ivan t’herniakhovsky’s Third While Russia^ army continued Its advance north and south of Wilno, rapturing more than 200 places.
Southwest of LidR more than 70 places were captured and more than 50 were taken west and southwest of Baranowic/e by Marshal Konstantin K Rokossovsky’s First White Russian army. Rokossovsky s troops battled closer to Pinsk, Important rail center at the edge of the Pripyat
(The Finnish war communique broadcast bj Berlin radio aat%rteif that Russian gains on the Karelian front were wiped out by counterattacks and 21 Red Army tanks were destroyed.)
AN EIGHTH AAF BOMBER STATION, England—S-Sgt. David C. Sullivan, 20-year old B-17 Flying Fortress tail gunner, of Muncie. Ind., has been officially credited with the destruction of a Nazi fighter plane during action over Leipzig, Germany. late in May.
Delayed confirmation on Sullivan's claim, received from higher headquarters, credited the former Muncie high school student with a Focke Wulf 190.
Sullivan, whose wife, Mrs. Lois Sullivan, lives at 898
Candidate's Name Omitted from List
The Reporler-News owes, and hereby gives, an apology, to W. E. Martin, who is a candidate for district attorney of the 42d judicial district.
More than two weeks ago Martin formally announced his candidacy in The Rcpcrter-News. His name should have been inserted in the political announcement column in Cypress St.,'the classified section at that time. of Mr. Through an oversight this was not
to a point only two miles from the AbUene^Texas.^is the of j done until now Martin, local af
a Farther to the northeast, a four-square-mile salient was wiped out as the Americans pushed forward south of swamplands from captured gorges and St. Germain, 4 1-2 miles north and three miles northeast, respectively, of the road junction of
Eastward across the Periers-Carentan road, Bradley s teams further pinched another salient between St. Lo and Peelers by capturing St. Andre D Bohon
m and Gournay.
• Meanw hile, the s i t u a lion around Caen at the eastern end of the Normandy battlefront remained a stand-off, with the British capturing Maltot, four miles southwest of I aen in tile
- bitterly contested Orne-Odon
♦ triangle, but losing Colombel-les, 3 1-2 miles northeast of Caen, in another of the bloody battles that have marked this sector.
Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's 21st Army group headquarters announced that the "bulk of German panzer strength, amount-lug to more than five divisions, still is concentrated in the Caen aiea.
iThe Parts radio said 32 divisions had been concentrated in the 14-•mile stretch from St. Lo to Caumont to the east, and a Nazi ii cut line coi-respondent reported that the Allied artillery barrage was the heaviest yet encountered.)
The American attack on St. Lo ^again was preceded by a heavy ♦crash of artillery upon German foxholes and hedgerow hiding places A front line dispatch quoted refugees as saying the Germaas were bracing the one undamaged building in St. Lo. apparently preparing to •make a stand in the rubble.
He saw the fire from his1 tornev, currently is working as a
toolmaker in the Consolidated aircraft plant at Fort Worth.
twin 50-caliber machine guns blow up the attacking fighter during a heated battle with the Luftwaffe over north central Germany.
Veteran of a number of Eighth AAI bombing operations, ranging from attacks on German industries at Berlin and in the Ruhr, to assaults on military installations along the French invasion coast, Sullivan holds the Air Medal with two Oak Leaf Clusters for achievement in battle.
\V. C. MARTIN
Abilenian With 36th Missing
Cpl. Robert g. Cecil, 20, son of Mrs. C. W. Cecil of 733 Sycamore, has been missing in action in Italy since June ll, according to a War department telegram.
Corporal Cecil has been with the 142d infantry, 36th division, throughout Italian action. Last letter from him was written May 26, shortly before the fall of Rome The young corporal was mobilized with the local National Guard in November after his graduation in June from Abilene high school.
Mrs. Cecil has two other sons. Col. C. W. Cecil Jr., Orlando. Fla., is a meteorologist with the Army air forces. A graduate of MIT at Baston, he Is back in the United States after duty in Puerto Rico and the Panama Canal Zone. Keith Cecil, a Dallas accountant now awaiting his Army call, has been visiting in Abilene.
Bailey Johnson to Head Clyde School
CLYDE. July J 2.—In recent election of Bailey Johnson as superintendent of Clyde public schools, the town Is getting back its former principal. Several years he held that position until going to Baird as principal of the high school there He succeeds W. D. Raley, head of schools here five years, who has become superintendent at Dublin.
LL William C. Martin Jr., missing in action since May 31, is a prisoner of war of the Romanian government, his wife, the former Helen Marie Martin, 1158 Lilius, was informed yesterday.
Co-pilot of a Liberator bomber, Lieutenant Martin entered service in September, 1940 and was commissioned Nov. 3, 1943. He was graduated from the Sulphur Springs high school in Oklahoma.
Mrs. Martin is residing with Imr parents, Mr. and Mrs. Forest Wallace.
Barkeley-Trained Officer Missing
I S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU
ABILENE AND V‘CIN ITV-Partly
cloudy this afternoon, tonight and r ri
* WEST TEXAS—Partly cloudy this afternoon tonight and Friday. Isolated afternoon and evening thundershowers Warmer in the Panhandle R"j*South Plains this afternoon and tonight i-act TEXAS—Partly cloudy this at ernoon tonight and Frida>. serve commission in the Army, en-
Maximum temperature last i 'iu tered active service in July 1941 and
90 -------last 12 hours: i came to Camp Barkeley in March
1943 for training.
Mrs. Disbrow, the former Lt. Ella
Mrs. H F. Disbrow of Fort Worth has been informed that her husband. Capt. Frank Herbert Disbrow, has been missing in action in France since June ll.
Captain Disbrow. who held a re-
Circus to Aid Bond Campaign
Taylor county, still lagging $379,-319 50 behind its Series E bond quota for the Fifth War Loan drive, will attempt to push the $1,255,000 goal with a war bond circus set July 18 at the Camp Barkeley field house. Series E sales will count through July 31.
The county at the official close of the Fifth drive July 8, tied with Wilbarger for last place on percentage cf E sales in the 59-county Fort Worth district with a record of only 68 percent of the goal.
A military war bond parade in Abilene beginning at 5 P- m. Monday afternoon will launch the final push toward the E quota. Army equipment, military personnel and members of the circus troupe will make up the parade. Ll. Thomas J. McDermott, Barkeley war bond officer said this morning.
No marching units will take part, but from 60 to 65 Army vehicles— tanks, jeeps, anti-aircraft equipment, artillery, ambulances and half-tracks—will be exhibited. The Taylor county Sheriffs Posse will lead the parade. Circus performers, including Clown Ernie WLswell add his Funny Ford, will give samples ol their wares.
Parade route will be announced later by Jack Simmons, chamber of commerce manager.
The war bond purpose is presented for a double purpose, Lieutenant McDermott said—to promote sale of E bonds and to give civilians an opportunity to see a top-flight show.
The circus, now playing a two-weeks engagement at Barkeley, is under the auspices of the War department and is booked and handed through the Army .special service section.
Cost ll. S. I Ships
LONDON, July 13 —(A*) —Six American and British destroyers were last in landing operations in France, the U. S. Navy department and the British Admiralty announced tonight.
The former grace liner Santa Clara, renamed the transport Susan
Alarm Voiced in Nazi Broadcast
71Only trace of precipitation hours.
TEMPERA I IRIS
Thu-Wed Wed-Tue A M Hour P M
74— I— 85 96
74— 2— 86 98 76— 3— 88 102 76— 4— 89 103
75—— 5— HI 92
76— 6— 79 91
74— 7— 78 71
76— 8— 76 78— 9 - 75
Rhe Ely, was an Army nurse stationed at Camp Barkeley before her marriage to the captain May 16, 1942 at Barkeley chapel. They have a year-old daughter, Diane.
While in Abilene they lived at 330 Mockingbird Lane Their Fort •iii Worth address is 1909 Grand ave-
: Snn r> if: i Sunset
RI—IO 7*5 74
B3—ll— 74 74 Mrs. Disbrow is the niece of Mrs. 84— 12 74 75 Rowdl, 1825 South 5th, Abi-
thiv morning ........ * ipnp
tonight ...................6 47 ienei
Formerly Barkeley Officer Wounded
Second Lt. Elmer E. Fipps, who was formerly stationed at Camp Barkeley was seriously wounded in action June 23 in Italy, Abilene friends learned today from Mrs. Fipps, 618 Sycamore, who Is visiting his parents in Kokomo, Intl.
Mrs. Fipps, the former Maxine , Clemmer, was informed earlier in the week by the War department that her husband had been wounded in the right ann and shoulder.
LONDON, July 13.—(A*)—One of the gravest broadcast ever to come from Nazi Germany declared tonight that “terror grips the hearts of many of our people" and that “Germany's fight for life and death is on.”
The broadcast warned:
“Before the peril can reach the heart of our beloved country, we will turn this continent into a maelstrom of destruction where only one cry is heard—the cry for blood.”
Thf* utterances from the enemy’s military radio said further:
“All now is at stake. Th- Russian flood Is .surging ag..inst our eastern frontier and threatens to spill over our holy German land.
“No wonder terror giips the heart of many of our people. We soldiers know this terror for we have experienced it a thousand nights. But we are determined to xeep it from our o/v.o ones at home ”
“This holy war must now become a really total war. Everyone capable of drawir bree th for forging or psi a weapon must ow be in it. We must have the very lar„ man.
Th i came the thre to destroy ’ rope, and the broadcast conclud-ed:
“We will stand and hold fast till our hour strikes. I^et our enemies not think that, now that they stand before our frontiers, the task will be easier for them,”
B. Anthony, also was lost by American Naval forces along with the minesweeper Tide, the destroyer escort Rich and the fleet tug Partridge.
The American destroyers were the Corry and Giennon, built in the 1940-41 program, and the Meredith President Roosevelt announced soon after the landings that two destroyers had been lost He did not name them.
Three British destroyers announced lost by the admiralty were the Boadicea, Swift and Svenner. The British also announced the loss of the frigates Monroe, Blackwood and Lawford, the trawler Lord Austin and the auxiliary Minister.
Total naval losses anncnced were vessels, seven American and
eight British. Several thousand. ships wpre involved in the landings.
Ex-Barkeley Man Wins Silver Star
First Lt. David D Andrews, a field artillery officer who trained at Camp Barkeley has been awarded the Silver Star for gallantry in action in Northern France
On June 14. Lieutenant Andrews, according to the citation, was serving in the capacity of field artillery forward observer In the at lac k, when after an artillery preparation on the prepared positions, the infantry attack was impeded due to loss of front line leaders. Lieutenant Andrews percieved the situation, seized the initiative and although not an infantry officer, himself, hastily organized and led the forward elements to drive oppasing forces from several strong points before the enemy could recover from the effects of the bombardment. Mrs. Andrews and their two chil-
West lexas Gets Spotted Showers
A light sprinkle fell last night
I in Abilene bringing relief from tho high temperature which reached 90 degrees in midafternoon, spotted showers fell over West Central Texas also.
Fore) ast for today is partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Friday.
Merkel received three-quarters of an inch last night, first rainfall there of any significance since early June.
Heavy rain was rereived near Albany yesterday with the fall measuring I 3-4 inches at the Guy Caldwell ranch 16 miles northeast of Albany.
Coleman and Brownwood received light showers. Moran did not receive ain although rain was expected Farmers report that tho rain is Hooded badly there since the late maize will not make without it and the young cotton will burn up.
Wind and rain storms In North Texas last night caused damage to buildings and injured at least three
At Waxahachie, the only casualty vias Mark Smith, former county judge, who suffered cuts about the arm when wind shattered the plate-glass window in his law office. Several buildings were damaged and numerous houses unroofed.
Two persons were injured at Dallas in more than a dozen traffic accidents attributed to slick streets after a 2.22 Inch downpour. Mind as strong as 70 miles an hour was reported at Fort Worth but there was no damage.
Rain rn the Panhandle ranged
from a half inch to four inches, with the heaviest near Claude.
Wichita Falls and Electra each had a half-inch.
Rochester Baptists Have New Pastor
ROCHESTER. Julj ll —The Rev, J s Tierce, who has been pastoi of the First Baptist church al
dren Scott, 2, and Suzan, 6 months, J Kn a City for several years, has
resided at, 2404 South 5th until May accepted a call to become P^oto*
when they returned to their home the Baptist church h^ «nd ha*
in Wausau, Wis I already moved to Rochester.