Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - July 7, 1954, Abilene, Texas
/- 5>®be Abilene Reporter ~jfrrtos"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron
MORNINGVOL. LXIII, NO. 383 Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JULY 7, 1954—EIGHTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
Kerr Forges Ahead
POWDER PUFFERS FADED—Mrs. Bonnie Brown, co-pilot, left, and Miss Helen Dick, pilot, crashed in their plane “Li’l Joe” on the outskirts of Amarillo after the plane ran short of fuel. Thev are shown on the wrecked plane just after making the crash landing. The two women, from Hawthorne, Calif., were entries in the cross country Fowder Puff Derbv.
WHO'S TO CONTROL?
Demos Ask Court To Rush Ruling
AUSTIN. July 6 i.F—Hurry-up | preme Court is from the lower action on a Democratic party test j court decisions, case over the method of figuring Since m2 was the first time in strength of convention delegations _ ,. . ... . ...
was souyht today in the State Su- T”as hlstor5r » candlda,e wlth preme Court. dual nomination was elected gover-
The State Democratic Executive nor, there are no party rules ap-Committee’s recent ruling that plying directly to the specific situa-delegate strength in this year’s tion.
important conventions be based on j gUpreme Court was asked
all votes cast for Gov. Shivers m , , .
the 1952 general election was the t0 SP«*1 UP actlon the case slnce original basis for the lawsuit. the precinct conventions must be
The Jefferson County Executive held July 24. the day of the Demo-
- , , . 1L , k ... . , , . * • , *, ?„ I Committee refused to count Repub- cratic primary. The court is also
DALLAS. July 6 (it—The Texas day resolved that it "is obligated lay and to assist these agencies ir votM for Shlvers in ,95J „„ ,h. .„mm.,
executive committee ol the Na-,to comply with all of our present, working out ways and means of , . .. Den,ocratic votP5 on the 'erge 01 tal"ng lls
stale laws and practices providing implemen.ing the court's ruling grant
for segregation in our public school The total resources of he \AMCP j aR order ford (he commltlef l0
svstem” since the Supreme Court will be made available to facilitate count votes
has not yet ruled how or when its this great project of ending artifi-, The Cour| o( cjvU A ls
cial separation of America s chil- ^ Bcaumont affirmed the distnct
court order. The appeal to the Su-
NAACP Hits Segregation Ruling by School Board
tional Assn., for the Advancement of Colored People declared today the State Board of Education was “ill-advised and incorrect” in deciding it must follow present school segregation laws.
Dr. H. Boyd Hall. Corpus Christi dentist and president of Texas' NAACP. said the association s position is that the Supreme Court ruling outlawing segregation auto
matically voids Texas laws.
The Board of Education yester-lto abolish segregation without de
decision must he effected.
Resolution Passed dren on the irrelevant basis of race
The Texas NAACP executive and color, committee, meeting here, said in I ‘ While we recognize that school a resolution: officials will have certain adminis-
“We are instructing all of our j trative problems in transferring branches in every affected area to fr0m a segregated to a non-segre-petition their local school boards gated system, we will resist the
Yarborough Denies NAACP Is Financing His Campaign
WICHITA FALLS. July 6 *-Ralph Yarborough branded tonight * maliciously false'* a statement by Gov. Shivers that Yarborough's campaign is being financed by the NAACP.
He also endorsed a ruling by the State Board of Education on continuing a year segregation in public schools.
“The statement made in Belton by Allan Shivers is a base faftse- j hood and Allan Shivers knows it,” the Austin attorney said in a TV address here.
He declared “Monday's ruling of the State Board of Education that segregation he continued in our j schools for at least another year j was wise and ha* my unequivocal endorsement.
“The Supreme Court has not attempted to say when and how its j decision will be enforced and this will give both state and local school boards needed additional1 time to work out a Texas solution i to the problem that should be worked out in Texas by Texans
use of any tactics contrived for the sole purpose of delaying desegregation.”
The Board of Education had said a representative of the NAACP, W. Astor Kirk, professor at Huston-Tillotson College in Austin, told the board yesterday its action was satisfactory but that a state citizens advisory committee should be the Democratic primary to avoid | named t0 work with jt 00 the pro-
unfavorable publicity , blera.
“So back in September Allan; Not Authorized
Shivers made an unwarranted at- Hall said the NAAt P had not . . . , . authorized Kirk to represent it be-
lack upon one of America s most j jQre t^e goanj 0f Education or to
make any statement in behalf of the NAACP. He said the executive committee did not know exactly what Kirk had told the board of j education and had not been able t contact him today.
An NAACP statement said:
“After considering the newspap-
respected citizens for purely poll tical motives.
“And he was told immediately by J. Edgar Hoover that he lied.” Yarborough declared.
“Such tactics can mean only that Allan Shivers has become desperate. that he is losing his bid for a third term in office.”
Yarborough flew to Wichita Falls today from Dallas. He will return to Dallas tomorrow and depart for Lubbock in the afternoon.
Showers Spotted On Radar Screen
Small thunderslwwers were re*
Russia Asks U.S. to (ease Atomic Tests
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.. July S Russia called on the U. N. tonight to order the Unued States to halt H-bomb and A-bomb tests in Pacific Island trusteeship areas.
The Russians deposited a draft resolution with the t N. Trusteeship Council’s standing committee on petitions, charging that the bomb tests were a violation of the
It could refuse to accept jurisdiction, saying as it has sometimes in the past, that it’s a party dispute that the party itself must settle. Attorneys for the losers in the lower court decisions in the Beau- j mont case contend that it is a matter of law within Supreme Court jurisdiction.
Although the suit directly affects only one county, its results are expected to have statewide application.
The Jefferson County Executive Committees position is at odds with the state committee’s ruling, which has been interpreted as being favorable to Shivers' plans to control precinct, county and state conventions.
Strength of county delegations at the state convention is figured on the basis of one convention vote for each 300 votes cast for the party's candidate for governor in the last preceding general election.
Precinct delegations to the coun-
. * ... . ......-.’ww I
PATROLLING THE POLLS—Pfc. Austin Walker stands at Ward 2 in Tahlequah, Okla., as the polls opened in Oklahoma state primaries election against a backdrop of national guardsmen stationed in five counties under Governor Murry’s martial law edict following vote buying and selling charges. Up the steps goes the first voter of the dav.
U.S. trustee agreement with ^ej^y conventions are determined on | Yarborough, an opponent, would do
The resolution was submitted to back up an expected Russian blast
the basis of one delegate for each j the same.
when the committee later this week takes up petitions from inhabitants of the Marshall Islands.
er report on the action taken on The petitions asked that either le
yesterday by the State Board of thal weapons experiments cease
Education . . . the executive com- in the area or that the mittee declared such action to be- States improve its warning j ill-advised and incorrect, in so far tern to island inhabitants when new
as the law is concerned. The Su-1 super-weapons are unleashed,
preme Court has effectively and J Some islanders were burned by clearly declared that public educa- radioactive ash in experiments ear-tion by requiring racial segregation j ly this year that apparently over-
25 votes cast for the party’s nominee for governor in the last general
Thus the state convention's loyalties are actually determined at the precinct level. The Shivers forces United ! are fighting to retain control of the sys.! Sept. 14 state convention, and the anti-Shivers group is seeking to wrest it from them.
Shivers Heels Yarborough's Challenge to Show Income
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS f supposed everyone knew this.
Gov. Shivers said Tuesday night The Governor said he would he'd spread his income tax returns make his tax returns available to before the Texas Assn. of Certi- the president of the accountants' fied Public Accountants if Ralph J Association if Y’arborough would
Yarborough in a speech June 22 said “.. .1 offer for the Governor's inspection and for the in-
,, , . _ , »man munuersiKtwers neie ir-
^arborough recalled a charge by; . . ..... .
i.e. i i. ,i ported southeast of Abilene Tues-
Shivers last Septemtwi in which ^ K„ th- WaI u,-atlw Rltr-ait
the Governor accused the FBI of
“snooping” into state activities.
“At that time the FBI director, J Fdgar Hoover, replied immediately that Allan Shivers' accusations were untrue and that the Governor had asked the bureau to delay an investigation at the Gainesville State School until after
Lad Shot in Eye With B-B Belter After Operation
Bruce Edward Sanders, 11, son of Mr. and Mrs. Royce J. Sanders. 27ih» South Second St.. was acn dently shot m the right eye with a B B bullet at noon Monday He was taken to Hendrick Memorial Hospital by his family. Bruce underwent long eye surgery Mon-dav afternoon G. T. Pounds. 1201 Burger St., Bruce s great-uncle, said the boy was doing better Tuesday. He re niained unconscious until U p.m. Monday.
The bullet was fired by a friend as the two were playing al>out two blocks from the Sanders home. Pounds explained After the accidental shooting, the unde added, the friend broke hit gun and vowed not to use another one again.
day by the local Weather Bureau They showed on the weatherman's radar screen to be in the vicinity of Brady, Rising Star, and Santa Anna.
The weatherman said most of the nation from North Texas up into Iowa experienced temperatures of over 100 degrees Tuesday in a real taste of summer
In Abilene, the high of 97 was well below the 100-degree and above mark that prevailed for more than 20 days last year.
is m violation of the 14th amendment to the United States Constitution. This is the law of the land as of May 17, and its effectiveness is not diminished by the setting of the school bases for reargument solely on the question of the mechanics of drafting a decree."
The Board of Education said
flowed foreseen limits.
The Russian resolution, charging that irreparable damage has been done, insisted that the United States should pay heavy damages and should make sure that the islanders get back their lands used in the bomb tests.
Council sources said the Russian
Texas would follow its present proposed resolution was more mild school practices until “they may than expected but that H was be changed by a duly constituted \ largely academic because of the authority of the state.” j steps taken long since by the I nit-
If such changes are made in the ed States.
future, the resolution said, “then each local district should have time enough to work the problem out.”
The NAACP said that legally, once a law has been declared unconstitutional, it is as if that law j and that had never been passed.
They pointed out that the United States had fulfilled all their trusteeship administration obligations b> serving notice in April 1953 that they intended to conduct bomb tests ui the Marshall Islands area, Russia made no objec* I tion then.
BOY, 15, DIES IN PLANE THEFT
Big Like a Man, He Got His Bullet-- Like a Man
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CLEVELAND, July 6 Lfv-Rny mond Kuchenmeister, who was only 15 but weighed 260 and wanted to fie “treated like a man,” was shot to death today by the pilot of an American Air Lines plane he tried to commandeer with an empty gun He wanted to go west and got a job “This is my ticket.” the 5-foot-11 youth told the man at the gate of the Cleveland Airport as he showed a 38-caltber revolver.
He barged out to the loading ladder and brushed past a stewardess, asking where the captain was and telling her to "leave the door open for my brother Na One Intericrred None of the 58 passengers on the flight 'No 153' from New York to Mexico City, made any move to interfere a# the boy entered the pilot's compartment Few of them knew anything was amiss while Raymond pointed his weapon at (he crew* and ordered them *o fly him to Mexico.
Capt. William F. Bonnell of Cleveland grabbed a revolver from his flight kit and fired twice, hitting the boy in the loft chest and hip
Raymond died in Berea Community Hospital a few minutes before the airliner, an hour late, flew on to St Linus with Bonnell still in command.
Detectives found Ray s brother,
Donald, 12, near the passenger
gate after the shooting He told them he and Raymond planned this morning to hitchhike to Montana and get work there, but later Raymond decided on the plane pirating scheme, with Mexico the destma tion
When the Mexico flight was an uounced, Donald said his brother called, “Let's go.“
Rut Donald didn't go He explained to the detectives:
“I was for it at first Rut then
I got scared when we got out to
the ramp ami I toid him I didn’t want to go. I told him to go ahead and I would hitchhike ”
The mother of the Küchenmeister boys was at their old farmhouse in suburban Parma, holding her ld-month-old baby, when she got the tragic news "Why did they have to shoot a kid?" she asked when her first flood of tears abated enough for her to talk.
During a brief stopover at St Louis. Bonnell, 46. told reporters he didn't know what else he could do
"I had a maiuge on my plane We had w omen and children | When the plane landed at Fort Worth International Airport. Ron-nell gave reporters a brief written statement It said;
"1 feared lor my life and that of my passengers and crew. I shot to protect myself and them I feared he would kill the crew in flight.”
On Reds in CIA May Be Released
WASHINGTON. July 6 .tb-Sen. McCarthy iR-Wis) said today he may turn over to a Hoover commission "task force” the evidence on which he has based his charges i of Communist infiltration of the i super-secret Central Intelligence 1 Agency.
McCarthy’s statement, on his return from an 18-day vacation trip about which he still made mystery, sounded like a move to let the task force, headed by Gen, Mark Clark, handle the whole inquiry, although McCarthy carefully refrained from going that far in talks with newsmen.
The senator s recent threats to investigate the CIA. a clearing house for American espionage work, had threatened to become a new sore point in relations between McCarthy and the Eisenhower administration.
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The Governor said this at Dallas in a speech prepared for delivery over a TV and radio network.
While Shivers took the air to broadcast his reasons why he should be elected to a third term, Yarborough conferred with supporters in Dallas. He had no speaking engagements.
In his speech, Shivers talked
speotion of the public, sworn copies of my personal income tax returns mary. for the last 10 years. If the Governor has nothing to hide, I challenge him to do same."
Shivers spoke in Denton before coming to Dallas Tuesday night.
C. T. Johnson who seeks nomina-
Governor's Field Led By Gary, (oe
OKLAHOMA CITY, July 6 d»— Sen. Robert S. Kerr <D-Okla> forged a small but steady lead tonight in his bitterly contested bid for a second term in Oklahoma’s primary election.
The Democratic governor’s race was a two-man show with State Sen. Raymond Gary. Madill, and William 0. Coe, Oklahoma City attorney, far ahead of the o^" -14 in the race. A runoff appeared certain.
Unofficial returns from 391 of the state's 3,155 precincts gave Kerr 22.357 votes to 16.421 for former Gov. Roy J. Turner, his principal opponent.
Seven other candidates are in the primary and it is a question if they will get enough votes to fore'' a runoff July 27 between Kerr and Turner.
Returns from 444 precincts gave Gary 18.354 votes and Coe. making his third try for the gubernatorial nomination. 15,412. State Sen. Bill Logan, Lawton, was third with 5,339 votes.
Today’s election was held in the hottest day of the year with 100-degree temperatures over the state. Five counties were under martial law declared by Gov. Johnston Murray after reports of election law violations.
There were no reports of trouble in any of the counties under martial law or five others where Murray assigned plainclothes officers.
Murray cannot succeed himself but his wife. Mrs. Willie E. Murray. is in the Democratic race. In the early, scattered returns she was running sixth with 1,137 votes.
Four congressmen with primary contests were all far ahead of their opponents for nominations. The other two—Rep. Page Belcher, 1st District Republican, and Rep. Ed Edmondson. 2nd District Democrat—were unopposed in the pri-
about personal finances, saying he tion as lieutenant governor, spoke
in Waxahachie. He devoted most of his talk to criticism of the Southwestern Bell Telephone Co. and what he termed its method of increasing rates.
did so because Yarborough “injected personalities into campaign.”
He said he and his wife operated their private business With the idea—“at least the hope of making a profit.” He said he had always
New Mexico Wreck Injures Abilenians
Two Abiiens residents and their grandson are hospitalized in New Mexico from accident injuries received Tuesday.
They are Mr. and Mrs. E W. Blake of 1142 Elm St.. Abilene, and their grandson, Gene Blake, os Los Angeles, Calif They left Abilene Tuesday morning to return the boy to his home The accident occurred near Carrizoto, N M. sometime Tuesday afternoon.
No details of the accident were available Tuesday night. Their car was demolished.
Mrs. Blake has a compound fracture of her left leg. broken ribs, and a broken shoulder blade. Blake and the boy are suffering from shock and bruises Authorities at Carrizozo Hospital would make no comment on their conditions
Shivers Asks Drought Aid
Money Sack Stolen From Front of P.O.
Three thefts were being investigated by Abilene police Tuesday R N. East us Sr., contract newspaper dealer for the Reporter-News, reported to officers, late Tuesday afternoon that a money i sack containing (25 50 in change 1 was stolen from in front of the Post Office, 300 block of Pine St.
Officers quoted East us as saying he placed the sack in front of the Reporter News paper machine and that he was gone only a tew minutes. When he returned, the money was gone C. B Osburn, 758 Vine St . told police that his air paint spray gun was stolen from a job at the First Christian Church. 0>burn said the theft had taken place since Fridgy
Related story on Pg. I B
AUSTIN. July 6 JB—Gov. Shivers asked federal aid tonight for nine Central Texas counties still gripped in one of the state's worst droughts.
In a telegram to Secretary of Agriculture Benson. Shivers urged extending the protein feed program beyond July 15, the date it was due to end in Texas.
If the program could not be extended. Shivers then asked that the federal government set up a new drought relief program for the nine counties to allow them to purchase livestock feed at reduced costs.
The Governor also wired Texas senators Lyndon Johnson and Price Daniel asking them to do everything possible to get the program underway immediately.
Counties on the critical list are MeCulloeh, San Saba. Lampasas. Mills. Hamilton, and parts of Erath. Burnet. Mason and Llano.
WHO'S TO BLAME?
Only scattered precincts had been counted in the races of the four incumbents: Representatives John Jarman, 8th; Carl Albert, 3rd: Tom Steed. 4th: and Victor Wickersham, 6th, all Democrats.
The total vote was estimated at 500.000, about even with the 1950 primary but well under the record total of about 950.000 in the 1952 presidential election.
On the Republican ticket, which will attract only about 50,000 votes, the U S Senate race was between Raymond H. Fields, Guymon publisher. and Fred M. Mock, former U.S. district attorney.
The count from 77 of the 3,155 precincts gave Fields 677 votes to 477 for Mock.
Reuben Sparks was far ahead of four opponents in the GOP governor’s race.
Returns from 101 precincts gave the Woodward attorney 1.264 votes to 361 for Joe Barber, Bartlesville, his nearest opponent.
Under martial law were Pittsburgh. Sequoyah. Cherokee, Adair and Le Flore counties, all in eastern Oklahoma. Plainclothes officers were watching scattered pre-cints in Oklahoma, Tulsa. Pottawatomie, Creek and Latimer counties. Oklahoma and Tulsa counties are the most populous areas in the state and will cast about one-third of Oklahoma's total vote.
Kerr and Turner, both oil millionaires and former governors, have waged the hardest kind of fight There are seven other Democratic candidates in the race but none is expected to draw heavy votes. The big question is whether they will get enough votes to keep Kerr or Turner from getting more than 50 per cent of the votes and escaping a runoff election July 27.
Term Out for Judge Of Busted Martin County
STANTON, Tei. MN-Tueeday was the last day m oil ice for Martin County Judge James MeMorries, 34, who resigned because ‘T am being blamed for the financial crisis in the county.”
I The grand jury and a special committee of auditors criticized McMorrtt's after learning the coun ty was so broke on June 1 it could compression n't meet its semi monthly payroll McMornes said it wasn't true that he was to blame but said we have spent a lot of money— money that some may Hunk was
not spent wisely, yet to me it
seemed W> be in the beet interest of the county.”
McMorriee submitted his resignation Saturday, effective at midnight Tuseday. Also on Saturday, he asked that his name be remov ed from the Democratic primary ballot and said he would not run for reelect ion The grand jury began tnvesiiga ting finance* erf this West Texas county after the county treasury was found on June 1 to be unable le meet the semi monthly payroll