Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - July 7, 1938, Abilene, Texas
QL\)t Abilene Reporter -fidos“WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS l f GOES"—Byron
VOL. LYM I, NO. 39.
rn>H ABILENE, TEXAS. THURSDAY MORNING, JULY 7, 1938 —TWELVE PAGES
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PRICE 5 CENTS
ON ANNIVERSARY OF JAP INVASIONTerrorism Imperils Shanghai Foreign Settlement
CHALLENGES TVA OUSTER
Arthur Morgan Defends Post By Filing Suit
Deposed Chairman Seeks Judgment Against President
KNOXVILLE, Tenn., July 6 —(AP)—Dr. Arthur E. Morgan filed suit in Knox county chancery court late today challenging the right of President Roosevelt to remove him as chairman of the TVA and asking that he be recognized as a member and chairman of the board of directors of the federal agency.
The tall, gaunt Ohioan asserted in the bill he had never recognized the president’s right and power to remove him.
He asked payment of back salary since his removal by the president March 22. 1938, and a declaratory judgment voiding the president's removal order and forcing directors H. A. Morgan and David E. Lilienthal to recognize him “as a member and chairman of the board of directors of the defendant. Tennessee Valley Authority XXX.” Filing of the suit came on the eve of a congressional investigation of the TVA. precipitated by Dr. Morgan's charges of ‘‘dishonest management" acalnst his former associates.
Dr. Morgan refused to support his accusations with testimony at a hearing called by President Roosevelt and the chief executive ordered his removal as chairman.
Of Suit Certain
WASHINGTON, July 6 —The Justice department withheld comment tonight on Dr. Arthur E. Morgan’s suit challenging the right of President Roosevelt to remove him from the chairmanship of TVA.
It was a foregone conclusion, however, that the govemmenf would contest the suit.
Before the president removed Dr
BOTH WERE OUT ON A LIMB
This, in case you should wonder, is a tree fight It was staged at the damsite town of Disney, Okla. Bewhiskered “Ripper” Davis, man at right in the picture, claims he’s the
champion in this dizzy business. He defended his title successfully this time, knocking “Wild Red’’ Angelo out of the tree shortly after this shot wax taken.
FLOOD ENDANGERS AMERICANS AFTER LAYING JAP CITY WASTE
Cloudburst Breaks Dams To Cause Landslides; Death Toll May Be 1,000
TOKYO. July 7—(Thursday)—(AU—A flood which swept down from
___________ ___________________th* hills cut a path through the heart of of Kobe today, leaving more
Morgan, he asked the Justice de- than 400 dead and endangering scores of Americans, partment whether this was within A cloudburst yesterday swelled tons of water which, previously
his power. dammed by landslides in the hills, suddenly surged into the city, the
Robert H. Jackson, now solicitor Principal port of western Japan, general, but then acting attorney Fears were expressed the final death toll might read 1.000
general, advised "there would appeal lowed inundations last week In | - ........
to be no question that the power of which more than 861 persons were removal is in fact vested in the killed, injured or missing, president.
_ Some 60,000 houses were listed as
Mexico Closes Deal For Oil
MEXICO CITY, July 6.—TA*— The Mexican government has contracted to sell $10,000,000 worth of oil to Davis and Company of New York in a deal described tonight as a broad step toward solution of the nation's problem of disposing of her vast petroleum stores.
About 50 per cent of the oil will go to Germany and the remainder to General European markets, principally those of Scandinavian countries, reliable official and unofficial sources disclosed tonight.
The deal was reported by these sources to have been consummated yesterday. It was approved by President Lazaro Cardenas some weeks ago.
The oil will be obtained from wells expropriated on March 18 from 17 British and American companies and from wells owned by the government prior to taking over the foreign-owned companies.
A possible hiich in the deal was seen in a statement by ousted officials of the expropriated companies that they would start attachment proceedings against any tanker carrying oil from the expropriated wells,
It was pointed out they could file such claims against the carriers, claiming the cargoes as their property when they show up in foreign ports.
On the other hand, some sources said the oil might be kept in the Mexican government s name until it is discharged, thus averting litigation since governments can not be sued without their consent. |
Unless legal complications develop, a tremendous increase in imports from Germany and a possible imp in like shipments from the Ignited States was seen as a possible result. The United States for years has counted Mexico one of its oest customers.
G-Men Get Fugitive: He's In The Bathtub
ST LOUIS, July 6.—(A*—A two-year hunt ended today w’hen G-
damaged in ’he Kobe disaster. There was a shortage of drinking water.
At least five foreigners were known to have lost their lives, but it was believed there were no American casualties. Most Americans live on the lower slopes of the hills, some of which rise sharply to more than than a half-mile in height.
Rain continued throughout the night and frightened residents sought safety on higher ground.
“The best information shows between 400 and 480 dead, but so many buildings have been smashed that nobody can be certain,” Frederick Taylor, native of Sacramento. Calif, told the Associated Press by telephone. A business man. Taylor has lived in Kobe for 15 years “It's still raining and I am heading for higher ground before morning.” he said. "I will try to get oui by launch tomorrow’.”
Three days of rain brought continuous landslides, he
! Temperature Soars To 102
Hills behind Kobe were described as slipping.
Taylor told of how a solid wall of water, five or six feet high, came down from the hills so fast that few in its path could escape. It smashed houses like matchboxes.
Abileniaris who weakly mopped “perspiration from their brows and complained desperately that it was the hottest day of the year yester-I day were right.
The temperature soared to a new seasons high of 102 degrees at 5 o'clock Wednesday afternoon. It was well after dark before it retreated ] below 90 degrees.
The mercury registered 90 degrees or above for more than IO hours Wednesday, according to weather bureau records. Those sweltering hours were from before ll a. rn. to almost 9 p rn. From 3 p. rn. to 6 p. rn. the temperature stood at IOO degrees or above.
Yesterday's record was climaxing performance of the mercury in a heat wave which began Monday, explained. The previous high mark of 101 de
grees was set then and equalled Tuesday.
It is unlikely the temperature will continue its climb today. Weatherman W. H. Green obligingly promised probable thundershowers.
Cross Plains Group Boosts Reunion
Committee Studies School Problems
Curtain Rings Down On Ninth Cowboy Fiesta
15,000 Attendance Pushes Total Near Record Set In '37
By HARRI’ HOLT Reporter-News Staff Writer
STAMFORD, July 6.—Another grand and glorious Texas Cowboy Reunion—the ninth annual celebration—closed tonight, w’riting finis on I three days filled with drama of the old West.
Happiness and sadness played leap frog across the trampled reunion grounds. It has been a big event and many old-timers who lived around the bunkhouse for the affair went away with heavy hearts realizing many of their ever-thinning rank will not return for the spectacle in 1939. Father Time overtook 25 members during the past year.
But there were smiles of joy and gladness from the hundreds who came and saw the premier fiesta of Texas. Officials were pleased both at manner in which everything ran off and at the attendance. The July Fourth celebration drew 40,-000 visitors, and half that many came back yesterday. Today s attendance of 15,000 brought tile figure neai the record of 80,000, set in 1937.
One of today s features was the noonday broadcast over the Reporter-News radio station, KRBC. conducted by Manager Max Bentley. Gov. James V. Allred, w’ho took turns at the mike during the celebration. extended an official welcome to the Rt. Rev Edward Rodhe, bishop of Lund, Sweden, who is here as guest of A. J. Swenson of the SMS ranches Bishop Rodhe is in Texas to take part in exercises marking the 100th anniversary of Swedish settlements in Texas. Other speakers were Swenson and the Rev. Hugo Haterlua Governor Allred presented saddles, given by the reunion, to three winners at the afternoon matinee before taking leave for the state capital. He arrived at noon Monday and since has been a familiar figure around the rodeo arena The first prize, a beautiful hand carved saddle, went to Elizabeth Miller of the Miller Brothers ranrh, Snyder, for first place in the sponsors’ contest. Other winners were Fern Sawyer. Brownfield, second; Lucille Daniels. Jayton, third; and Mrs. Sybil Prickett, Megargel, fourth.
Jess Slaughter of Big Spring, Howard county sheriff, won his second cutting horst contest with the brown horse. Spade. .He also received a saddle. Slaughter was winner in 1935. He and J. L. McCar-sons of Palo Pinto, 1937 winner, were tied at end of final Judging and ran off the tie in the afternoon. The winner stacked up 271 points to 267 for the loser. Judges were Fey Proctor of Midland, Frank Rhodes of Throckmorton and George Humphreys of Guthrie.
Dick Bishop, 11-year-old Winters cowboy, as winner of the Junior cowboy contest, likewise received a saddle. He is a son of Jack Bishop, rodeo performer.
Fred Albright of the Three-D
Sec REUNION, Pf. 3, tot 5
HARD-BOILED COP TOUCHED: TALE PHONEY
DALLAS. July 6—(UP*— Capt. Douglas Walsh was sympathetic with the w’oman standing before his desk at the police station.
Her husband, she said, never would have been a horse race bookmaker if he had not been out of a Job. And now she and their three children faced starvation if he had to serve out a $50 fine assessed against him when he was arrested the day he opened his bookie place. Wouldn’t the captain please give him 30 days to work and raise the money?
The captain was touched. He turned the man loose.
That was three months ago. When the 30 days were up. the woman returned and the captain extended the time again. At the end of 60 days he granted another extension. And today the woman came back again. But this time Captain Welsh was tired. If her husband couldn't find work in 90 days, he said, he had Just as well be in Jail.
The woman looked at the floor a moment, then admitted:
“I was lying the first time I saw you,” she said. “Friends gave me the money to pay my I husband's fine. I had it in my purse all the time.”
"Then where is it?” Captain Walsh demanded.
“I lost it,” the woman murmured, “playing the horses."
Foiled Hijacker Clubs Feed Man
Hits Victim With Gun After Seeing Flat Pocketbook
?tur*ing a bump on his head.
| Walter Capehart, 826 Pecan, told police last night that he foiled a would-be hijacker with an empty j pocket book.
Capehart was out in the cowpen j about 9 p. rn. milking his cow when a stranger approached him and i said he wanted to buy some cow feed, Capehart being owner of the New Deal Feed store, 881 Oak.
They walked over to the store. Without warning, the stranger pulled a gun and demanded money.
; Capehart said he had none and ; pulled out an empty pocketbook ; to prove it. The hijacker hit him over the head with the gun and ran off. Capehart said he heard a car drive off.
All the time Capehart s money was in a shirt pocket almost in ! sight of the gunman.
Police late last night had found no trace of the hijacker described j by the victim as tall, about 35 years I old, weighing about 180 pounds and wearing a dark suit and straw hat.
Escoped Convicts Believed In Denver
Area Guarded After Bombing Assassinations
Four Are Slain; British Soldier Among Wounded
SHANGHAI, July 7. — Exploding bombs and assai-sins’ bullets today ushered in the first anniversary of China’s armed resistance to Japanese invaders and threw the international settlement into turmoil.
Two Japanese and two Chinese were killed.
A British colonial soldier and four Chinese were wounded in the sudden surge of violence.
BLAST SENTRY PAST Three bombs were thrown simultaneously at a Japanese sentry post on Garden bridge, a floating restaurant off the Bund—now used as Japanese gendarme headquarters— and the Yokohama specie bank branch also on the Bund.
One Chinese was killed and another wounded
Police reserves and foreign defense units were immediately railed out to guard against more serious outbreaks of terrorism In China's rommercial capital.
A cordon quickly was thrown around the foreign area blocking all traffic between the international settlement and Japanese-occupied territory.
An unidentified Japanese riding a bicycle In the international sector guarded by United States marines was shot and killed. His assassin escaped
GRENADE KILLS S ENTR I
In Japanese-occupied west Hong-kew, a part of Shanghai, a Japanese sentry was hot and killed by three Chinese who threw a hand grenade at a Japanese sentry post on the Yuyaching road bridge, linking the settlement with Hongkew, Three bombs were tossed against a Japanese cotton mill on the settlement outskirts and a few momenta later three more bombs exploded in the mill s living quarters One British Sikh, colonial soldier, was wounded.
The outbursts came as the armies of Japan and China observed the anniversary locked in principal combat far up the Yangtze river.
Japanese reported new gains over Chinese armies defending the Yangtze river approach to Hankow’. China’s provisional capital and goal of Japan s campaign.
Bombers ranging ahead of ground forces were said to have sunk a dozen Chinese troop-laden Junks \ near Kiukiang, 135 miles downstream from Hankow and immediate objective of the invaders. MARINES PATROL Japanese also said their naval craft were clearing the river of mines laid by Chinese between Kiukiang and Matowchen, 40 miles downstream.
Reports of Japanese successes in the land, air and naval drive on Hankow were countered by Chinese assertions that their guerrilla and regular forces were inflicting heavy
HERE'S HOW WAR LOOKS ON MAP
JAPANESE REPORT HUKOW CAPTURE
Japanese announced the capture of Hukow and the dealing of a severe blow to the Chinese air force in a raid on Nanchang, The fall of Hukow brought the Japanese forces to within 116 miles of Hankow China’s provisional capital, and only IOO miles north of Nanchang, where the Japanese said they destroyed 51 Chinese planes and ruined hangars and other buildings, Military authorities > t Hankow expressed belief that the invaders were striving to force the Chinese into a major engagement within the triangle formed by Hankow, Changsha and Nanchang. all indicated cm this map. Meanwhile, occupation of the strategic Paracel Islands in the South China sea by French customs officials and police was disclosed in PariN. At the foreign office it was said they would serve as "un-errened seaplane bases’’ In event of war.
* # aaa
'FORCED INTO CONFLICT'—
SINO-JAP WAR: PRO AND CON
—'WON'T BE CONQUERED'
EDITORS NOTE: Th. fol-lowing statement was written for the Associated Press by Japan s premier on the occasion of the first anniversary of the outbreak of the Chinese-Japanese war, July 1)
By PRINCE FUMIMARO KONOYE
TOKYO, July 7.—(Thursday)—UP) —One year ago today Japan was forced against her will into a conflict with China.
Every possible effort was made to localize the incident,
Peaceful settlement was agreed to but never effected owing ot the failure of Chinese authorities to carry it out. To avoid further possible complications the Japanese government went to great pains to evacuate her nationals froir various treaty porta, xxx They had to quit places where they had lived for many years, abandoning vested interests as w’ell as accumulated fortunes Naturally | there was strong resentment and criticism of the government xxx but the government firmly resolved that no stone should be left unturned to avoid spreading the unhappy clash, xxx Indeed it was not until after more than a month that the Japanese government finally realized that younger officers in the Chinese armies, who had long been educat-
(Editor's note: The following statement was written for the Associated Press by China's leader on the occasion of th* first anniversary of the outbreak of the Chinese-Japanese war, July T).
By GEN. CHIANG KAI-SHEK
HANKOW, July 7.—‘Thursday)— (A*—China will not be conquered!
As the world reads of our great cities levelled, our countryside blighted, the homes of our ancestors destroyed x x x x the world must know that our cause is Just
X X X X .
A year ago the eruel greed of our neighbor forced our government beyond the limit of endurance and plunged our unprepared and peace-loving people into war With tha best of motives friendly powers have sought to end this war to offer meditation which might lead to a compromise.
But we cannot hope for the temporary safety that a compromise might offer. We are fighting for our existence.
We cannot stop midway to seek peace If we should do so prior to the attainment of the object for which we are putting up resistance, it will mean the subjugation of our nation and annihilation of our race.
Never in history has any nation worthy of the name survived without sacrifice, or enjoyed peace without a struggle, xxx
We have lost cities, but the foundation, the hope of our pro-
DEN’VER July 6 — (Ab — Acting see CHINESE WAR. Pg. S. Col. 6 pd trained in anti-Japamsm. jonRe(;| resistance Is not to be found
Detective Capt Charles J. Burns
said a car used by three of the five fugitives from the Kansas state reformatory was found in Denver to-1 night.
He asserted at least three of the escaped convicts were in Denver and 1 he said he “had reason to believe” they were met here by the two others.
Sentences Fixed In Albany Robberies
Ward Draws Two 17-Year Terms
tSILKSK «nd \tclnlt>: Tartly rlnady
with trnltrrrd t bu nile nth nu em today.
1U'«T TKV4S: (irnrralty fair today
and Friday except *r»ttrrrd thunder •himrr< In north portion today.
KAST TK A AM: Tartly cloudy, arat-
tered thundrrahowrra In north portion today and in norihraM portion Krtday.
NMI MKN ICO and ARIZONA: i.rnrral-ly fair today and I rlrtay . Utile chance In temperature.
OKI ABOMA I nettled, probably nrat-ter«M thumb r*hoyyrrs today and in cant portion friday,
Kanfa of temperature yesterday
were firmly determined to fight Japan and were deliberately working toward that purpose. Only then did Japan reluctantly, but at the same time resolutely, decide to accept the inevitable, xxx We take strong exception to the malicious methods of the Kuomin-tang (Chinese government partyi government, which, under the leadership of Chiang Kai-Shek, singled out one particular nation for the target of its anti-foreignism. We believe no nation in the world could
in metropolitan centers, but in the country, x x x x We have lost territory. bid we have lost it fighting, and by so doing have made to bum the spiritual flame which is the spirit of China, the spirit which will emerge from the ruins Japan has created to erect the structure of a new China.
I Abilene chamber of commerce’s BAIRD, July 6.— (Spl.)—Seventy bond refunding committee Wednes-peraons, including a 17-piece muni- day switched lls attention from gen-cipal band, visited other Callahan eral financial problems of the city county towns Wednesday to invite to a study of school needs.
t0 i^r?.S P!?in?‘ 571 h Meeting with the city commission I, , I'L.hfT, » t x? * SPt^ and the sc*1001 the committee
Tup rf * n Monday and discased needs for new’ biddings to
accommodate the increasing scho-Chalrman of the Cross Plains iastie population and investigated trippers was L. C. Norman, who di- proposed bond issues to finance such I reded the band. Also in the party, buildings.
which traveled in ll automobiles, A sub-committee was appointed
to further investigate needs of the school system. It is composed of W.
HOI R I
I OI IOO OO SS
ENID, Okla.. July 6.-hA*>—Peace officers of three states .searched un- ALBANY, July 6 —Manuel Ward, successfully today for five Kansas alias; Buster Roberts, was assessed
state reformatory convicts after the two 17-year sentences in prison have tolerated such a car in which they escaped at Hutch- Wednesday by a 42d district court xxx
Jury here Japans objectives are to remove
Ward pleaded guilty to robbery by obstacles blocking everlasting peace firearms of two Albany filling eta- in this hemisphere by destroying tlons, belonging respor’ivelv to Mor- these < anti-Japanese I leaders and gan Harris and Sam Moberley. their followers, to win the minds of He is also under 10-year sentences the Chinese people away from antiin both Eastland and Stephens coun- Japanism, and to fre China from ties on similar complaints. the menace of communism which
Trial Of O. L. Jones. Dee Griffith the Kuomintang government and L. D. Williams on indictments ELMIRA. N. Y.. July 6 ~t/P,—A charging robbery and theft from
lnson was found here Belief the five separated was strengthened by reports two of the men drove the car here and three of them drove a couple to Colorado.
Sailplane Soars On 202-Mile Hop
Burkett Ready For Old Settlers' Picnic
45th Reunion To Last Three Days
BURKETT. July 6 — (Spl ^Burkers 45h annual old settler’s re-
has union will begin Thursday morning,
utilized, xxx with rodeo events in the spotlight.
Japan does not want an inch of The reunion will continue through
s . ..........
lll(hriil and l««r*t temp*- tat ii re* p. rn. >e»terit«\, Itti and 74: xanie dal* a xrar ago ll and 7ft.
Sun*fl 7:49; mnrlw today,
S:SS; annxet today. 7:4ft,
202-mile flight by Stanley Corcoran person was postponed until next Chinese territory. When hostilities Friday and Saturday.
Hollywood, Calif. topped perfor- Wednesday at request of their at- have ended, the Chinese people will Amateur rodeo performers will
mances at the national soaring meet torney. have the helping hand of Japan, have competition to themselves,
today as the race for naional sail- Settlement was reached in the but not her governing hand. Only they are eligible to perform
plane honors tightened up. case of Owen Cook as next friend Vested rights and interests of j in the steer riding, bronc riding, calf
Robert Auburn, Buffalo, narrowly for Geneva Lively, a minor, and third powers in China will be fully roping and wild cow’ milking,
escaped injury in a 23-mile flight to Geneva Lively, individually, against respected, xxx A carnival, baseball games, and
Athens, Pa , when he was forced to the Carson P. Scott company, a suit Japan U bound with an iron de- political speeches are other attrac-
land his glider on an island in the for damages growing out of personal terminatior to settle the matter tions slated. Invitations have been
middle of Susquehanna mer.
once and for all, x x x
was Mayor c. S Martin.
Towns visited included Cottonwood Atwell, Scranton, Putnam. Baird and Clyde.
PRESIDENT INFORMED OF BIG SPURT IN HOME-BUILDING
Twenty-One Slain In Jew-Arab Clash
JERUSALEM. July 6.—(ZP)—A bomb explosion in Hie business center of Haifa followed by a running gun battle between Jews and Arabs totter* got their man—in the bath riav killed at least 21 persons and
I wounded 60 others.
J. Fulwiler, chairman, C. M. Caldwell, O. D. Dillingham, C. W. Bacon and C. L. Johnson.
WASHINGTON, July 6.—(A*)— i double last year's figure.
Fail To Pick Prexy
President Roosevelt received some cheering business news today on the eve of his departure for an ambitious transcontinental speaking tour.
The Federal Housing adminls-
leave the president free tomorrow to work on speeches for his trip.
DALLAS. July 6.—iJP) The trus tees committee of Southern Metho
dist university met today without trator Stewart McDonald, reported seelcting a new president of the in- to the chief executive that new
stltution to succeed Dr. Charles government-insured home con- r _______________
Selecman. who was recently named struction would total about $1,000,- wage-hour program tomorrow a Methodist bishop. ( 000,000 this year, or move than I Today's schedule was designed to
The president, holding a round of last-minute conferences, had a fi- . ... . ,
na! word of advice for official* ad- I The ,,rst ^ M Mar1'
ministering the spending-lending btl*. Ohio, Friday morning, program, discussed the monopoly McDonald said small home mort-investigation with Chairman William O. Douglas of the Securities
He said the construction increase would have beneficial effects in many lines and would
commission and made ready to appoint an administrator for the new
help reduce unemployment.
Feeding PW A money into a new gages selected for appraisal totalled channel. Roosevelt allocated $13,-$96,000,000 in June, 75 per cent 000.000 for construction of veterans higher than in June, 1937. hospitals. The chief executive urged
.McDonald interpreted the Brig.-Gen. Ftank T. Hines, the vet-building statistics as a favor- erans administrator, to have pro-able economic sign. , jects under way by August 15.
extended candidates of the area to attend.
Large crowds are expected to throng the reunion grounds. Santa Anna. Coleman and Bangs will be honored on the opening day. Coleman will ha\c a special delegation present, in addition to its high school band.
Quiz Spy Suspects
NEW YORK, July 6.—(A*>—A special federal grand jury investigating espionage today questioned two officials of the Hamburg-American steamship line, whose ships have been used in surreptitious departures by several of 18 persons indicted on spy charges last May,