Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - July 2, 1944, Abilene, Texas
WAR BOND BOX SCORE
Overall Quota ...... $3,805,000.00
Aeries E Quota ...... $1,255,000.00
Series E Sales Saturday $59,285.00 Series E Sales to Date $670,643.25tEfje ^toilette Reporter -Betas"WITHOUTOR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WF WORLD EXACTLY ,\S GOES.”-Byron
^VOL. LXIV, NO. 16.
A TEXAS NEWSPAPERABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, JULY 2, 1941-THIRTY-SIX PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Press (AP) United Press fV.p.,t>RICE FIVE CENTSDozen Nazi Attacks Hurled Back at Caen
Hitler's Strong Reserve Pool Apparently Cone
Bv WES GALLAGHER
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE. Hilly I—(£*)—The three great battlefronts In Normandv, Russia and Italy took on the nature of a single struggle today with the confirmation that Adolf Hitler has been forced to bring divisions from R issia to meet the British and Americans in the west.
This policy of robbing (he eastern front to bolster the west was taken as an indication that the Germans had about reached the end on their Strategic reserves.
Allied 21st Army group headquarters declared German reserve divisions now being hurled into the battle of Normandy had been brought from Russia despite the terrific Nazi setbacks near Minsk.
Normally the Germans would have a strong pool of “strategic divisions” either in the Reich or some more convenient spot where W they could be sent to any battle area as required. Before the \llird Invasion of .lune 6, this reserve variously estimated at 30 to 40 divisions. Since then, the most conservative estimates from Nor
mandy place German losses at not less than 70.000 men, and many Allied militarv men believe they may be well over 100.000.
The Red army's offensive in White Russia, according to Moscow figures, has cost the Germans upwards of 131,000 men killed and 52,000 captured in a week.
The Italian fighting is estimated to have cost them another 100,000 in killed, captured and wounded since the Rome offensive began.
This would mean roughly 375,000 men chopped out of the German army. In terms of divisions it totals more than 30. This accounts for virtually all of the German pre-invasion reserve. Thus the German high command now must treat all three fronts as one great battle and must decide where the heaviest threats are, then meet them by borrowing from one of the other fronts.
It would be easier for the Germans if they did not have to transfer their divisions such great distances, but for practical military purposes the three fronts appeared as one.
The Allies are treating them as one. also, In the matter of timing.
The Italian offensive started May ll and took Rome .lune 4; the Miles in the west launched on .lune 6 the biggest amphibious invasion in history; the Russians let the Germans get fully entangled in Italy and France, then launched their power drive in White Russia June 73.
The strongest Allied coordination is evident in the air, with the U. S. Strategic Air Forces roaming across Europe from Italy to Russia to England in shuttle service combinations that pound Nan targets vital to all fronts.
It appeared here that the Germans plan to meet their dilemma by ______________
trading territory for men This could prolong the struggle tor a ’wag 7 ' *rooDS cleaning up the northwestern tip of tho Chertime if the Germans could fight rear-guard actions without being caught, * , ,J •) non Gorman boettner Avie Hoad
but with the Americans bagging 40.000 men on the Cherbourg peninsula, bourg peninsula captured -,00 Gem an. o osting . . *
the Russians trapping two armies on the Minsk front, and the Allies in and prisoners on the American front alone to nearly DU,UUU
Italy virtually wiping out the 14th German army, such an enemy program
PENINSULA TIP CLEANED UP BY AMERICAN FORCES
Bv GLADWIN HILL
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCK. Sunday. July 2- (AP)- Britain’s Second Army knocked out 25 German tanks and Hurled back a dozen enemy, counter-attacks southwest of Caen yesterday, while Amer-
has been upset.
The current Nazi ‘ patching” policy should sooner or later leave a weak point through which an irreparable hole can be torn in the defenses.
Steel Grip on Minsk
OVER 500 WHITE RUSSIA PLACES TAKEN BY REDS
By TOM YARBROUGH
j LONDON, July *1—(AP)—Red troops closed their steel grip around Minsk tighter today, completing the capture of the important rail center of Borisov and taking more than _________
500 other places in White Russia, as the Soviet summer of- The Nazis have maintained By HENRY B. JAMESON fensive hurtled into its second week with unabated ferocity, their ceasel ess eerie blitz on1 SUPREME HEADQUAR-
16 TERS ALLIED EXPEDI-
England Suffers 16th Straight Night of Blitz
Bv LEWIS HAWKINS
LONDON, July I—(AP) — The Nazis have maintained
Moscow announced tonight.
* The third White Russian army of Gen. Ivan Chernia-kovsky, driving directly toward Minsk along the rail line from Orsha, widened its front Vui the western bank of the Berezina river to 70 miles, the Soviet communique said, and Bv LEONARD MILLIMAN plunged onward even while Associated Press War I ditir
units to the rear wiped out the Beaten on all fronts outside oi
German resistance in: China throughout the costly month
Japanese Open New China Drive
Borisov, a city of 26,000 population 46 miles east of Minsk.
Flanking movements by other Soviet troops were even closer to the White Russian capital, which filed dispatches said was within sound of the approaching battle.
The capture of 12.0^0 more Germans to the south by the first White Russian army of Marshal Konstantin K. Rokossovsky on Friday also Jkas announced in the communique, which said that a Nazi Lieutenant General and a Major General were among the prisoners taken.
The new round-up brought to j 35.680 the number of German captors taken on the southern sector of the White Russian front up until today.
Rokossovsky Is advance northwestward toward Minsk liberated more J,.an 150 places during the day, the communique said.
The Berezina river also was reached ai a point some 30 miles southeast of Borisov near the town of Berczmo and due west of Mogilev This thrust by the second White Kussian army enveloped more than 50 communities, the communique said.
In addition to occupying Borisov after 24 hours of fierce street fighting. the third White Russian army > ok more than 150 other places and farther north in the area of Polotsk, where the Soviet advance already had carried across the old Polish frontier in two places, the first Baltic army captured 150 ocalities.
J The offensive against the Finns n the far northern front between lakes Ladoga and Onezhskoe (Onega) progressed just as steadily. Moscow reported, and during the day more than 30 places on this sector, including the district center of ^ryazha, were taken.
of June, Japan has launched a new drive from Canton designed to complete the conquest of 2,000 miles of railway linking her east Asia garrisons.
The campaign started near the close of the most disastrous month of the war for Japan's air force — at least 1,036 planes destroyed and 50 probably lost against 1880 United States planes lost.
Nipponese columns pushed up from Canton along the winding mountain railway to join other forces. 250 miles away, pressing toward the coast from flaming Hengyang.
Junction of these two armies would give Nippon control of rail lines stretching trom Aigun, on the Siberian border, to Canton, southernmost major port in China. The lines run through Harbin, in the heart of the great Japanese-developed industrial center of Manchuria, and Peiping, former Chinese capital, to interior and coastal strong points.
Operation of the full 2,000-milt stretch of railroads would relieve Japan’s hard-pressed shipping.
Nippon’s battered merchant fleet needs help badly. She has tost more than 1.400 ships since Pearl Harbor. Some 2,476 of her ships have been sunk, probably sunk or damaged. Incomplete reports in June listed 141 ships sunk and 42 damaged Thirteen warships were in each group.
Japan's air losses for the month come close to her estimated monthly production. And the figures did not cover the full moil th nor Japanese air losses over the Asiatic continent. The previous high was last October when 8843 Japanese planes were destroyed and 169 probabl\ lost American Liberators,
southern England for ____ _____
straight nights, hurtling wing- TRINARY FORCE, Sunday, cd destruction across the chan- July 2 (AP) Two separate : nel, and in the face of rumors forces of Allied heavy bomb-and anxiety in this country ers, one British and one Amer-today—especially in the re-|icari' attacked German robot I gions thus far out of the range bomb installations across the ( of the flying bombs—the gov- channel in northern I ranee ' ernment may unfold more of shortly before dusk yesterday, the story of these attacks. beginning a new month of As the Germans continued try- operations after they and ing to counter their battle reverses other planes had flown more with Urn blind bombardment, pres- than 100,000 sorties in June. sure developed in Parliament, for a 1 franker official reporting on the weapon, and one member, Alfred
Bayonets Bring Final Surrender Of German Force
By HAL BOYLE
WITH AMERICAN TROOPS ON CAP DE LA HAGUE, 11:10 P. M.
July I— 'T - Tile last organized German units northwest of Cherbourg laid down their arms early tonight before the pressing bayonets of American troops who completed mopping up the peninsula unsuccessful.” by bagging 5.000 prisoners In the last 48 hours.
(A dispatch filed several hours earlier by another Associated Pro's correspondent. Don Whitehead, said the total number of prisoners taken by the Americans in the peninsula operation exceeded 42,000),
A number of Grrm.in prisoners brought bark after being cornered In their pillboxes were roaring drunk, and it was indicated by one that they kept up the battle of the last few days only under the pistol threats of their officers.
Both the Allies and the Germans were rushing men and material into the line arching on three sides of Caon for impending critical tank battles on the 120-mile invasion route to Paris, and Marshal Erwin Rommel himself was reported to have arrived at the Caen front.
Headquarters Communique No. 52,
I Issued at ll 30 p. rn., said: “No further gains have been made in the strong Allied bridgehead across the Odon river” southwest of Caen.
A local enemy movement in the vicinity of Esquay, two miles across the Odon and six miles southwest rf Caen, was noted by headquarters which also said that enemy infiltration attempts from the east "were
Front dispatches said the Germans also hit the west flank of the Allied bridgehead a dozen times during the day "with no success at all," The»e jabs were beaten off in the Choux, Grain-vitle-Sur-Odoa and Ranray areas, which are from three to four miles northwest of Fsquay and on the north side of the Odon.
Den Ville of Newcastle-On-Tyne, said
MADRID, July I — (IP}—'The Berlin correspondent of the Madrid newspaper Ya today reported on the lastest brainchild of the secret weapon department of Paul Joseph Goebbels' propaganda ministry.
The German flying bomb will soon be used against New York by still another secret device— the crewless submarine—he reported.
See PACIFIC, Pg. 8, Col. 3
15,000 Patriots Fight in Denmark
ROBFRT N. STURDEVANT
was at a standstill. ^STOCKHOLM. July I—Al- Unconfirmed reports lied flags flew tonight from barri- than 700 persons had cades in the streets of Copenhagen, or wounded, while the free Danish where 15,OOo Danish Patriots, band- press service reported that violent
he would usk British Home Secretary Herbert S. Morrison to shorten the siren sound lrr raid warnings and all dear's, or discontinue them, as a step to counteract the inconvenience caused by the steady procession of robot bombs.
Prune Minister Churchill watched intently for more than six months yesterday the fight against the wierd, explosive-laden projectiles. He may make a brief statement to Commons Tuesday. But Indications were that he would not disclose much, and Vernon Bartlett, independent member of the Bridgewater, served notice he would ask Morrison “whether in order to lessen the uneasiness outside southern England, to stimulate confidence inside it and to discourage the German people, he will consider the advisability ol publishing figures showing the average of casualties caused by each j bomb leaving the emplacements in France.”
From the Germans themselves came detailed descriptions of the ( vengeful weapon. The Berlin radio described them as having a "rocket-propelled gear,” giving a speed of 375 miles per hour. The broadcast operating s;ucj Pacp robot was laden with 2,-240 pounds of explosive, that its range was fixed before firing, and that it was launched from undergo and emplacements which are •’indestructible for all practical purposes.”
Reports such as these continued
to pour in:
Two women were killed in a dentist's office; five persons trapped and one killed in the wreckage of a house; one was killed and several | hurt in the demolition of houses at ! breakfast time; six were killed in said more other smashed homes, been killed — ———--------
Tile American formation was composed of less than 250 Liberators, and escorting fighters shot down eight Nazi fighters, sprayed 29 barges, three locomotives, nine railway cars, three anti-aircraft cars and five trucks with machinegun bullets.
Allied losses were one bomber from each force and two American fighters.
The bombing of the concrete chutes from which the Germans are hurling their rocket bombs at Britain was done by instrument because of a heavy cloud cover. Bad weather earlier In the day had cut air activity to one of the lowest points since D-I)ay, June 6.
The only other operations during the day were 300 sorties by scattered units of the RAF based in Normandy. Spitfires aw op’ under low clouds end raked enemy transport in the vicinity of Conde, Harcourt. Argentin, and Falaise. while Typhoons wrere called in by the, Here's I army to attack stubborn gun and mortar posltioas near Carpiuet, Shackelford three miles west of Caen. Eastland
Two RAF planes were lost in this Runnels operation, making announced Allied losses for the day four fighters and two bombers against IO German aircraft downed.
Unfavorable flying conditions have hampered the British-based air forces for much of the past month, but nevertheless they managed to fly more than 100,000 sorties during June. in a series of powerful onslaughts chiefly in direct support of the Normandv invasion, a summary of the past 30 days showed.
KITLER STILL HAS PLENTY—Responsible Allied authorities have warned against over-optimism stemming from initial success of Allied invasion of France. Map above shows French territory now in Allied hands as small dent in vast expanse of Hitler's Europe.
The officers paid a for this "do or die” stand.
SHACKELFORD, HOWARD OVER THE TOP COUNTIES
Shackelford and Howard counties Saturday topped their overall quotas as the Fifth War Loan drive in West Central Texas moved down the home stretch.
In all, four of 13 counties in this territory have surpassed the overall goal—Callahan and Taylor previously having bettered their quotas.
Fisher, which is right at its overall goal, apparently is the first in the sector to reach the Series E quota.
Tho destruction of 25 more Nazi tanks made a total of 167 demolished by the British since D-Day and a total of 347 destroyed or disabled.
All organized German resistant on Cap de La Hague, northwest of Cherbourg, collapsed yesterday, said a late dispatch from Associated bitter price Press Correspondent Hal Boyle, who
0np reported Am< rican troops in the
, area had captured 5,000 Germans in
captured officer said tortes among 48 hf)Ur? ln<a adlng ,htll command*
them ran on a much higher per- ers, Lt. Col. Mueller and Lt. Col.
rentage bash than among the en- Kieht.
listed men nim were fed up with A dispatch from American headline hopeless Struggle. quaiters on the peninsula said tho
Feeling ran high among Ainerl- Americans had buried 44,212 Ger-ran front line troops I met. They man? and captured more than 42.00(1 felt that the stubborn Nazis had for a total of at least 46.212 in th® ms' needlers lives in a battle a1- overall Cherbourg peninsular oper-ready lost. ation.
Driving up to the front I passed U. S. troops, backed by artillery two vast fields crowded with prix- and using bayonets, grenades and oners huddled miserably together flame-throwers, wire .swiftly mop-ln the rain under camouflaged ping up the last bit of resistance on shelter halves and met IB trucks the peninsula. Dispatches from lammed with scores of others who < herbourg said they had wrecked had just cast snide their weapons, German railway artillery which had Tlu> seisure of the last defend- been hurling occasional shells into ers raised the prisoner toll of oil* Cherbourg in an effort to slow victorious American division during American engineers working on the the Cherbourg campaign to more dynamited harbor instalations, than 20,009. "These include 566 I .eld reports from the British sec* offlcers, and 414 non-com miss ion* tor told of German troops going ed officers," said MnJ. J D. Brad- into battle .straight from the march.
Series E Sales
70 percent (
Over top Over top
Finn nee rhairm
3,805,000 00 rn. in---
ley Jr., of Glennville, Ga.
ishmg machine-guns and rifles, were reported ready to tight to the 'J'Snish against a German garrison ol 3.000 being bolstered hourly by other troops rushing in from Zealand.
After a night street fighting, dur-
street fighting had sent 400 persons to hospitals.
The Germans closed the harbor of Copenhagen today, the press service said, and the last ferry departed from Sweden at noon With Denmark almost completely
Convict Slayers Face Murder Count
HUNTSVILLE, July I—(/Pi— The Walker county grand jury today indicted three of the four convicts who escaped from the Wynne prison farm on June 20 charged with murder in connection with the si tying of guard George L. Preston
Indicted on the .slaying charge wore: Eugene Padgett, 28-year-old man who was serving 99,years from Bell county for murder; Leonard C. Stockton, 42, under a 15-year robbery with firearms .sentence from Palo Pinto county, and James McLemore, 42, sent up from Caldwell county for 20 years for robbery with firearms.
most instances, were confident that goals would be reached before the end of the drivi' and some expected to go over the top during the week.
Series E sales—which have been lagging throughout the drive — boomed yesterday in Taylor county with the addition of $59,285. It was pointed out by Chairman
“Most organized resistance had ceased bv noon and then it was only a question of chopping up a few isolated units,” said Colonel Rohb. “We made a spectacular break - through last night along the Beaumont-Hauge-Grevtlle line with our doughboys after shaking them up with artillery.”
The Germans had an unexpected quantity of artillery 75s, 105s. 155s, and about five huge railway guns. They had been shelling the Americans with two of these biggest guns, but the three others were unmanned.
Overnight the Americans flushed out two German commanders. Lt Col Mueller and Lt. Col. Kiehl, from their pillboxes. Kiehl, a fanatical Nazi. insisted 24 hours ago that the Germans keep on firing despite heavy casualties, apparent-oak, $20,4 W 50, SlfiJ’OO; hustings, iv believing they could tir up the
One German officer drove furiously all the way from Paris to help di-rect German counter-blows. “Ha i drove straight into our lines and
See INVASION. Pg. 8. Col. 7
goal and that mort of triunities had met their quotas.
Sedwick listed the communities, their sales and goals as follows: Berry hill. $20,006.25, $20,000; Post-
$6,425, $6,000; Rockhill, $1,518 75,
C. M. Caldwell, however, that, all $*».500; Moran, $18 342, $54,000; and
of this total was not cleared Saturday. Some issuing agencies in the county had not been checked through the week and represented the full weeks sales at some places.
The county’s F, securities sales advanced to $670,613.25 against a quota of $1,255,000.
From Albany came the rei>ort of Chairman John F Bed wick that Shackelford county had topped the
ing which one unconfirmed report cut off, it was difficult to obtain a 'aid German planes machine-gun- clear picture, and most of the re-zi'd the demonstrators, the patriots ports came from the underground
broke out United States, British, Russian and Danish flags and hung them defiantly above their impoverished "fortresses.”
The Swedish newspaper Afton-l'ladet quoted a report from the IfAderground that the demonstrators—who began a general strike yesterday—now were 15,000 strong.
The general strike was described
or from the few refugees who managed to get to Sweden.
A report circulating in Malmo said the Germans had threatened to shoot hostages and bomb the capital unless the Danes called off the strike.
The Danish press service declared, however, that the disorders would continue until curfew and state-of-
l. S. DEPARTMENT Or COMMERCE
ABILENE AND VICINITY: Consid-
rrabh- afternoon (gaudiness Sunday and Mond.iv Continued hot
arkansas and WEST TEXAS
Partly cloudy Sunday and Monday.
EAST TEXAS: < onsiderable cloudi
ness Sunday! scattered thundershower in southeast portion in afternoon
Monday partly i loudy scattered thundershowers near upper coast in afternoon.
Sat. - Erl. AM
by the free Danes as IOO per cent: emergency orders were lifted and effective, and as a lesult food sup- the Nazis withdrew the 2 000 mem-» a°s shrank, water and electricity hers of the Schalbuvg Korps who wfre cut off, and alf ti asportation had been sent to enforce them.
, . . I .
Sat. - Eri. P W.
01 OI 03 #3 93 8* 81
High and low temperatures to 9
OI and OO, last year;
High and Low 91 and 09,
Reporter-News Will Observe July 4th As Full Holiday
Tuesday, July 4th will be observed as a full holiday by The Reporter-News.
No Morning or Evening papers will be published on July 4th.
Publication is being skipped so that Reporter-News employes may have a holiday, and to conserve newsprint under the paper rationing program.
The Business Office will be closed all day, but the Editorial Department will be open after 3 P. M.
Albany, $302,704, $257,500 Pat Bullock, Mitchell countv chairman, announced at Colorado City last night that the goal should be reached this week. The county is only $60,000 shy of its quota and there’s a big rally coming up Tuesday. A rally at Loraine Friday night netted $17,500.
Runnels county’s figure stood only a fraction over the $504,-000 mark, but VV. J. lf em bree of Ballinger, drive chairman, said Saturday's figures —which should run $100,000 over the county—had not been added.
There was a downtown rally at Ballinger Saturday afternoon in which Maj. David Evans of the AS FTC at Camp Barkery sold $38,025 in bonds. Major Evans and the ASFTC band moved on to Winters Saturday night for a .similar rally.
At Snyder Saturday bond sales were brisk as the county's overall total was pushed to $280,000 or 66 per cent and the E sales advanced to 70 per cent of the goal. The bond *booth at t he square was open all day with M. E. Stanfield in charge. Women helping at the booth were Mrs. W. E, Holcomb, Mrs. Wilmeth Wade, Mrs. R C. Miller Jr., Mrs. Lee Smyth and Allene Curry.
Americans enough to wait an expected German counter - attack from the south.
Texas Bond Quota 85 Percent Reached
DALLAS, July I—fjp» Texas War Finance Committee Chairman Nathan Adams predicted tndav that Texans would enter the last week: of the Fifth War Loan with fresh determination to crack wide open the three chief quotas of the drive.
He said he had cause for confidence after scanning latest official tabulations of bond sales through June 30. They 'hewed, he said. that Texans had answered Uncle Sam’s call for temporary loans in the amount of $394,277,121. or 85 per cen' of the $461000,000 over-all state assignment.
Nazis Fall Back On 165-Mile Line
ROME, July I—‘ I’ —The German toward a line along the Mas ne riv-iines fell bark tonight all along the er. IO miles from the Adriatic port 165-mile Italian front under blows of Ancona.
of the Fifth and Eighth army While U. S. troops fought for marching on the prize cities of Liv- Cee Ina, other American units cross* (Leghorni, Florence and An- ed the Cecina river three miles to
The Fifth Army beat back a tank-led counterattack and fought into the outskirts of Cecina, on the Tyrrhenian sea coast only 20 miles below Livorno.
The French o' the Fifth Army fought, a mile through the mountains to within six miles of Siena, a highway center 31 miles below Florence British. South African and Indian troops in the center moved up both the east and west shores or Lake Trasimeno against sporadic resistance
the northeast, partly outflanking this town of 10.000 population Advance elements were only 17 miles from Livorno.
Another column coming around on the town from the southwest, reached the Cecina river where it flows into the sea and was met by mortar and small arms fire.
The British on the west shore of the lake advanced up almost its entire length, and took the village of Gracciano.
On the east shore, Indian troops captured Monte Del Lago, halfway
The Eighth on the east crossed up the lake, and cleared the enemy the Chienti river—a barrier which from the town of Machine to the had blocked its advance for several, east. A number of prisoners were I days—and the Germans fell back i taken.