Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 31, 1944, Abilene, Texas
WAR BOND SCORE 4th War Loon quota 39lies Saturday Sates this month Shortage EVENING FINAL LXIIL NO. 228. A TEXAS NEWSPAPER WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GQESr'-Byron Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 31, 1944 -TWELVE PAGES United Press PRICE FIVE CENTS MARS HALLS s Gap Halo Line ULT lighter Pilot Becomes Ace In 15 Minutes DALLIED HE-ADQUAK- ffiRS, Algiers, Jan. (AP) yesterday's spectac- ular air battles over northern Italy Capt. Herschell H. Careen, 23, blue-eyed fighter pfiot from Mayffeid, Ky.5 be- came an ace within the space of 15 minutes or so, by shoot- ing down six enemy planes. He was top scorer in the .Mights in which Fortresses and liberators with their Thunder- bolt escorts shot down 63 en- emy planes, with many more probables and damaged, on their mission to bomb German air- iports in the area, .Six Allied were lost. Green charged head-on and up- ward into -a iormation of JU-88S, shooting down four. Then he swooped down on a Macchi" 202- one of the few Italian planes seen the air in recent months. After- irds he got a Dormer 217. "When we spotted those Junk- ers beneath us I was so anxious get down to them that I dove too fast and passed over Green said. "I turned and came at the first four. "It was like climbing up steps, shooting all the time. All four blew up in my face. "I then chased the Macchi at tree-top level for five minutes be- fore I caught him. dn nay way NAZIS SURRENDER MEEKLY TO By HAL BOYLE .WITH FIFTH ARMY TROOPS NEAR CASSINO, Jan. artillery men pulling a German 75-millimeter gun sur- rendered tamely when surprised on their own battlefield across the Rapido river by a young Texas cap- tain armed only with an automatic pistol. Capt. John Henning of San An- tonio, saw jfche Jerries piled all over a Volkswagen with which they were pulling the gun down a road in the early morning light. Although he realized he was considerably outnumbered and outgunned, Henning, who as a veteran of the Tunisian cam- paign is not exactly unacquaint- ed with the working of the Teu- tonic mind, decided to try a bold bluff to keep them from getting away. And he wanted even more to keep that enemy 75 from going back into action. Henning jumped into a hillside crevice, and as the bouncy little Volkswagen with its cargo of Nazis rolled past, he_ suddenly called out twice from his hidden post in- a loud command voice: The Nazis heard him the-second time and stopped glancing about as if fearing an ambush. When Hen- ning stepped out they had no idea he was the only American between them and a successful dash down the road to liberty. Believing they were surrounded, they climbed off the Volkswagen -and .gave them- selves up. Nazi Colonists Flee nier." Another Thunderbolt pilot who became an ace in the engagement was Second Lt. George P. Novotny of Toledo. Ohio, who had three pre- :iipus victories and who yesterday fit two Junkers transport planes and an observation aircraft? The object of yesterday's mission was to bomb out four air fields north of Venice where the Germans had based a number of big bombers had just brought into the Ital- ran theater from the Balkans and other places to meet the bridgehead" threat south of Rome. The bombers and their escorts encountered enemy bombers, fight- fs and transports in the air in cparation for an air offensive against the beachheads. The bomb- ers destroyed., and damaged many enemy planes on the ground. No'votny's flight knocked down 14 f'anes. The flight included Flight :ficcr Edsel Paulk, Vcrnon, Tex., 10 got three. Boiler Bursts Train FORNEY, Tex.. Jan. 31 Ex- fclosion of the boiler in a, Texas and fecific passenger train brought de- railment of seven cars and injury to three members of the crew to- day a mile and a quarter west of here. Conductor A. R, Hayes, one two crew members unhurt in wreck, said three cars were thrown clear of the tracks and four others were derailed. The injured: Engineer B. H. Will- iford. 54. of Mineola: Fireman Ger- Puckett, 28, of Mineola; Head eman Vester Trumble, about 30. of Naples, Tex. Dr. D. H. Hudgins of Forney, who administered to the injured men, said Williford and Puckett were eriously hurt. There were soldiers on the train but none was injured. A quarter mile of track, torn by the derailment, was being repaired. LONDON, Jan. 'colonists were reported fleeing from the Baltic states today as the Red army, which yesterday swept up 50 more towns and hamlets between the. Gulf of Finland and Lake Peipus, raced toward Kingisepp, last rail station short of the Estonian frontier on the line to Narva. Gen. Leonid A. Govorov's Leningrad army lunged to within 7 1-2, miles of Kingisepp with the capture of the rail junction of Veimarn, only 17 miles from the Estonian border, a Soviet communique announced. The village of- Kotly, 16 miles above Veimarn on a spur'line to the gulf also was taken. 7hc Moscow afti'dio said Ger- man colonists were fleeing along with retreating Nazi troops. In the Novosokolniki area still farther south. Gen. Marxian M. Popov's Second Baltic army was reported to have driven to within less than 60 miles of Latvia, in thrusts west and northwest of No- vosokolniki. which fell Saturday. Moscow said more than Ger- mans were killed in the fighting for Novosokolniki. tit The Russian units which cleared the final stretch of the Moscow- Leningrad trunk line Saturday al- so continued to forge westward, seizing the rail stations of Kasty- enskaya and Ycglino on the Lenin- grad-Novgorod line: A German broadcast said the Russians had made fresh break- throughs in some sectors below the middle Dnieper river in the Ukraine. The broadcast men- tioned "heavy defensive strug- gles" in areas northwest of Ki- rovograd, southwest of Chcr- kasy and cast and southeast of Belaya Tserkov. Body of Kansas Flier Recovered THE WEATHER U.S. nEPARTMENT' OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE and Vicinity: Mostly cloudy with occasional light rains this after- noon, tonight and Tuesday: cooler this afternoon and toniRht. EAST TEXAS: Partly cloudy in ex- trcmc north, mostly cloudy occa- sional light rain in south and ccntrAl portions this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday: cooler in north portion this afternoon and tonight. WEST TEXAS: Partly cloudy except cloudy with rain in Del Rio-Eagle Pass area this afternoon, tonitrht and Tues- day: slightly colder in Panhandle and South Plains this afternoon and tonight. Highest temperature yesterday: City office. 63: airport. 67. Lowest this morning: City office. 4G: airport. 44. TEMPERATURES Mon-Sun Sun-Sat A.M. Hour P.M. Sunrise this morning Sunset tonight 58 G.T 66 68 68 65 43_ 62 59 56 55 52 After" a search of some 42 hours by Abilene Air Base and Barkclcy soldiers, Abilene policemen and firemen and volunteer boatmen, the body of an air base flier, identified -as 2d Lt. Arthur Dean Rife of Osweko, Kans., was recovered at a. m. Monday irom Ft. Phan- tom Hill lake. Mother of the flier. Mrs. Ada May Rife of Oswcgo, was notified of his death this morning. Death resulted from an accident during a combat training flight Saturday, announcement from tho office of Col. Harry Wcddington, commanding officer of the base where the flier was stationed, said this morning. Lieutenant Rife. 26. was a mem- ber of t.he 408th fighter-bombci group. He was commissioned at Faster Field, Victoria. Tex., last November. No announcement was made as to the probable cause of the ac- cident. The airman parachuted from his plane about a. m. Saturday. The search was started shortly after persons living near the lake saw a plane partially explode in the air and its occupant parachute down. The flier, they said, landed in the lake and cried for help, but, before boats could be moved the spot, both man and parachute had disappeared. Col. Harry Wcddington, com- manding officer of the Abilene Army Air base Monday morning expressed his deep appreciation and thanks to Abilene firemen and police and those citizens of Abileno who together with the organizations at Camp Barkclcy cooperated with the Army in its search for the body of Lt. Arthur Dean Rife at Phantom Lake. Colonel Wedding- ton was particularly grateful to the Abilenians for t.he time and toil they unselfishly gave in aiding Fierce Stabs ALLIED HEADQUAR- TERS, Algiers, Jan. infantry and tank teams, surprising the Nazis with a thrust across the Rapi- do river bottom deliberately flooded by the Germans to form a barrier, have achieved a break through German de- fenses north Cassino, Al- lied headquarters announced today. While American fighters and bombers scored a record bag in Italy in knocking down 63 Ger- man planes in a series of flat- tening assaults yesicrdaj' on four enemy air bases in north- eastern Italy, British Tommies and American Rangers with tanks and tank-destroyer teams fought a string of sharp actions along the perimeter of the An- zio bridgehead and enlarged their grip on the strategic wedge 19 or 20 miles below Rome. The Germans evidently had gain- ed time to prepare a line of defenses through the Alban hills, along the railroad from Rome to Cistcrna. 26 miles southwest of the Eternal City, and the British and Americans were methodically blasting them- out of haystacks, silos, farm building's and villages hastily converted into cam- ouflaged pilluoxcs and forts. r American working In close conjunction with 'units, have sent the German Gustav line backward in the Cassino area and captured new heights bevond the Rapido river bridechead. The .thrust carried the doushboys to about a mile from Cassino. The Americans entered the vil- lage of Cairo, a little more than three miles north and slightly west of Caasino. and occupied Monte Villa, about a mile and half above the Nazi stronghold. Forty-two prisoners were captured. An enemy counter-attack throe miles southwest of the Appian Way town of Cistcrna was repulsed by the beachhead forces. The Germans were reported digging in around this town, northeast of Anzio. in an ef- fort to contain the Allies. Tn adition to the 63 planes knocked from the air. many Sec ITALY Pg. 2 Col. i Nippon Radio Hints Troops Go Ashore By United Press Japanese imperial headquarters reported today that powerful, American forces are attacking the Marshall islands athwart the eastern invasion route to Japan and said "furious fighting is now in prog- ress" between Japanese garrisons and "enemy The implication was plain that United States invasion forces had gone ashore in the Marshalls and had met with at least some initial success in establishing footholds. Even before the Tokyo radio broadcast a communique reporting that "powerful enemy troops since Sunday morn- ing have raided the Marshall American fleet head- quarters in the Pacific revealed that the air-sea assault on the islands had mounted to a pitch of intensity regarded as a possible forerunner to invasion. It was possible, 'however, that the Japanese were fishing for information as to the task force's ultimate objective. The Pearl Harbor announcement told only of shelling and bombing -attacks on Kwajalein, Maloelap and Wotje atolls over the weekend and did not disclose whether the naval armada still was in the Marshalls water. A London broadcast said that American warships were pumping thousands of shells into Japanese installations in the Marshalls from less than 10 miles offshore.. The first Tokyo broadcast referring to the fighting was a communique from imperial headquarters transmitted in English by Dome! and reporting that "Japanese army and navv units have intercepted WAR AT A" GLANCE By the Associated Press RAF rocks Ber- lin again in history's greatest aerial offensive. Yanks and Tommies register gains on both Cassino and Rome fronts. Na- zis against Estonian and Lat- vian borders. SOUTH American fliers and navy guns dump ex- plosives upon Japs' Marshall islands fortifications. the search for the missing flier. Rotary Bids Public To Hear Address Dr. Samuel Guy Inman, interna- tionally recognized authority on Pan American affairs, arrived in Abilene Sunday afternoon and ad- dressed the students of McMurry college this morning as prelude to his address tonight at Abilene high school auditorium. Dr. Inman is here under sponsor- ship of the Abilene Rotary club. His address. The Americas as Con- tributors to a Better World Order, will be the first of four comprising the Rotary Institute of Interna- tional Understanding brought here as a public service by the local club with cooperation of Rotary International. The public is invited to hear Dr. Inman tonight. The program will open at o'clock with a musical entertainment from McMurry col- lege and the address will begin at 8 o'clock. Admittance will be by ticket, for which there is 'no charge. Those who have not secured tickets may obtain them this evening from Her- man McDanicl. Rotary club secre- tary, at entrance to the auditorium. Rally to Honor Vets' Families Parents, wives and children of the armed services arc given a spe- cial invitation to attend a rally at the First Baptist church Tuesday evening at when four men wounded in action in this war will speak. While the soldiers' and sailors immediate families. a.s special guests, will be seated on the main floor of the church auditorium, any HAVE vou BOUGHT YOUR and all other people arc urged to attend and to be seated in the balcony. The four, from McClosky Gen- eral hospital. Temple, will following a concert by the Mcdica Replacement Training Center band The service men, who are pa- tients at McClasky, recovering from battle wounds, arc Lt. Rysscl K. Turner and Lt. George Sparks and two enlisted men. Nazis Clqim Ten Destroyers Sunk LONDON. Jan. Ger- man radio said today Nazi U-boats in an attack still in progress against a Murmanskr-bound convoy, had sunk 10 destroyers and escort ves- sels and five merchant ships in the Arctic. powerful enemy units which lave been attacking the Mar- shall group since Jan. 30 and fierce fighting is now going on." Several hours later, a Tokyo broadcast in Italian to Italy said the American forces had begun an "offensive" against the Marshalls at dawn Sunday. Both broadcasts were heard bj U. S. government monitors. There was no-explanation of th 'army" units mentioned in the clis patch, but early invasion of th Marshalls has been forecast sine Allied air fleets began bombing th atolls in the island group following the conquest of the Gilberts. A Fear! Harbor communique said a strong U. S, task force had attacked the Sunday, but did not mention any landing or attempted land- ing. It also was regarded as possibl that the U. 5. fleet finally had sue cccded in luring the Japanese flee out for battle. In that event, it was pointed out the army units mentioned in th imperial communique may consi of planes. Pearl Harbor dispatches indica ted the -size of the U. S. task fore apparently was of invasion dimen sions. It included aircraft carriers, cruisers, destroyers and possibly battleships. If an invasion forec was landed, the. United States was hiddinjr for the first time for territory which was controlled by Japan before Pearl Harbor. The were mandated to Japan by the League of Na- tions. BIKARa MARSHALL ISLANDS HAMU AIJ.INCLAPALAP Pacific Oceon GILBERT ISLANDS .NAURU ABEMAMA j. UNDER American naval forces havd attacked the Marshall islands in the Central Pacific, possibly, signaling an early invasion'of the Nippon bases. They are located north of the Gilbert islands which Marines wrestec? from the Japs several weeks ago. U. S. Subs Sink 14 Jap Vessels WASHINGTON, Jan. The Navy reported today the sink- ing of 14 Japanese ships, some of which may have been endeavoring: to reinforce enemy positions in the Marshall islands in the Pacific, now being battered by American air and surface forces. All of the Japanese .ships went down after1 attacks by far-ranging American submarines, but just where the subtnersiblcs struck was not disclosed in the brief commun- ique reporting their latest bag. Tax Offices to Keep Late Hours Tonight The county and city tax collec- tor's offices will both stay open four hours later than usual tonight to take care of late poll and prop- erty tax payments, it was announ- ced this morning. The offices, which usually close at 5 p. m., will remain open until 9 p. m. Branch poll tax offices at Pain's Pharmacy, West Texas Utilities and the three colleges will keep regular hours. Although today is the deadline for poll tax payments, the collec- tor's office reported that business was just a little better than usual. Four hundred and thirty three people paid their poll lax Saturday, bringing the total to The county goal is No Inquest on Death of Pair Inquest previously scheduled to this morning in connection with the fatal .shooting of Mrs. Olga Hai-rclson by her husband, a Yellow Cab driver, who then shot himself, was postponed today. The cab driver fatally wounded his wife and then killed himself with a, shot which entered the right, ear. shortly after 10 o'clock Sunday night at First street and Saylcs boulevard. Officers were told by four sol- diers who were across the street waiting for a bus, that the cab turned south from First .street and traveled as far as Second, where it did a. U-turn and came back. turning- into the driveway of Cities Sen-ice station No. 2. Har- rclson climbed from behind the wheel, walked around the cab and over to where his wife was stand- ing on the sidewalk, a few feet away. He fired a into his wife's head, turned back toward the cab and shot himself. According to witnesses, three soldiers jumped from the cab and ran. A soldier to whom Mrs. Har- rcLson had been talking had al- ready faded away. Bodies of Mr. and Mrs. Harrclson wore taken to Laughter Funeral home. Funeral arrangements have not been announced. Argentine in U. S. MIAMI. Fla.. Jan. Adrian C. Escobar 2-c.sted in Miami today before presenting his creden- tials as Argentina's new ambassa- dor at XVashington. where he will flv tomorrow. Two large transports, which could have been carrying troops for enemy positions in the Mar- .shalls, were included amonjr the 14 ships downed by American torpedoes. The_.total also, included...eigH laden wiil( badly needed supplies for enema bases. The new report of damage to battered Japanese merchant fleej brings to 572 the number of cncmj ships sunk, probably sunk or dani-i aged by submarine action since thq Pacific war started. Of that number. VIZ have been sunk. probably were sunk antl 114 damaged. The text, of the communique: "Pacific and Far East: "1. U. S. submarines have ported the sinking; of H enemy vcsi scls in operations against the en-t cmy in these areas, follows: "Sunk: "Two large transports. "One medium transport. "One medium tanker. "One medium naval auxiliary. "One small freighter. "One medium cargo transport. "Seven medium freighters. "2. These actions have not bccrj announced in any previous Navj department communique." Rep. Flewellen of Eostland Resigns AUSTIN. Jan. nations of six members of the Tex- as house of representatives, thrcs of them conditional, were on Gov. Coke R. Stevenson's desk today. Representatives who have n> signed unconditionally or in cases the conditions have occurred arc: L. W. (Pete) Harris of Wnit- ncy, L. H. Flewellen of Eastland ant} Cal Huffman of Eagle Pass. Flewellen has accepted appoirit> mcnt as an assistant attorney gen- eral, and Huffman as division chief of the insurance department. Civilians Get Less Buffer During '44 WASHINGTON. Jan. Civilians will receive about one-half pound less of butter per capita this year than last under the War Food administration allocation for 1944. This year's per capita supply of 12.1 pounds compares with a, 1935- 39 average of 16.8 pounds and with 16 pounds in both 1941 and 1942. Great A led Aeria w Chunks Off German Cities Jan. dreds of big RAF bombers smashed at Berlin again last night with a holocaust of fire and explosives in history's greatest sustained aerial offensive, which left the Nazi capi- V VI and three other great industrial cities aflame and heaped with nibble. It was the third terrific blow in four nights upon Berlin, and Mosquito bombers darted A in after the heavy bombers to Jfldd to the spreading- ruin. An ominous silence fell over the whole of Germany in the wake of four days of night-and-day bomb- ings, including powerful American raids Sunday on Brunswick and and the first dispatch reaching Stockholm said last night's attack caused "great damage." The RAF said "a very strong Jan. States Liberators, escorted by Thunderbolts, bombed military objectives in the Pas-dc-Calais area, of France today, army headquarters announced. Hannover and a record U. S. bomb-1 force" of bombers struck Berlin. er blow at Frankfurt Saturday. Communications between Sweden and Berlin, broken Sunday, were not restored until midday today. still flaming from assaults on Thursday and Friday nights-. Thus Germany today her 12th year under Nazi rule the homeland strewn with debris and death. Smaller forces of night raiders stabbed at other objectives in cen- tral and western Germany. The entire work which also in- cluded mine-laying operar.ion.s, cost the RAF 33 smallest loss in the last four Berlin attacks. This indicated that the sustained assaults were proving a heavy drain on enemy fighter forces. The first British announcement last night's Berlin raid failed to give the tonnage dropped but it likely was at least long tons, which is about average for the heavy assaults .since the battle of Berlin began ia.sr Nov. IS. That would menu lhat, approxi- mately 21.000 long tons of bomlj.s have cascaded on 'he city in actual bombing timr of less than 10 hours. Large fleets of Allied bombers and fighters kdpt '.he air battle roaring on ioday. striking out to- ward northern France. I The German-controlled Scandi- navian Telegraph bureau said the RAF bombed large areas ol Berlin last night, and indicated the center of the city was hard hit. German by a record American daylight as- sault Saturday, in Stock- holm reports as mortally wounded. In attacking Brunswick and i Hannover yesterday, hundreds ot LONDON. Jan. S. Army hcadquartters announced today that heavy bombers of the American Strategic Asrforces based in England and Italy had dropped more than 3.900 tons of bombs on the German war machine in the 48 hours ended Sunday. fighters met the raiders at. the American Flying fortresses and const, but many of the bombers; Liberators rumbled throughout one ,mnT vnntnc ir n? tVip h.invilv nir took new routes added. Meanwhile. Frankfurt, Berlin, it pounded of the most heavily defended air regions in the world. The bomber gunners and escorting fighters downed 91 Nazi A joint British-American com- munique said 20 U. heavy bomb- ers and five fighters 'aiieri to return yesterday from ail operations, in- cluding- sweeps by British and dominion light bombers and fight- ers over northern France and Holland. Four of the missing fighters were American. Allied guns knocked down .an. additional dozen enemy planes during these side forays, bringing the total bag for the day to 103. DO YOU VALUE YOUR CITIZENSHIP RIGHTS WORTH? PAY YOUR POLL TAX BEFORE FEB. 1st!