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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 31, 1938, Abilene, Texas aestifi wmmm ©WW VOL LYM, NO. 255 Allene Reporter-ifietos “ WITHOUT,OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES,"-Byron AMMtaM PVM (API ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 31, 1938-TEN PAGES. CMM mn (CFI PRICE 5 CENTS Court Upholds NLRB’s Right For Hearings U. S. Districts Courts Without Power To Enjoin Sessions, Opinion Asserts WASHINGTON, Jan. SI.—(AF)—The supreme court upheld today the right of the national labor relations board to conduct hearings to determine whether companies subject to the Wagner labor relations act had engaged in unfair labor practices. Justice Brandeis delivered the opinion in two cases involving the Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Ltd., and the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock company. He announced no dissent. BRANDEIS’ OPINION Brandeis said the court was of the opinion the federal district courts were “without power to enjoin the board from holding the hearings.” "The district court,” Brandeis said, “la without jurisdiction to enjoin hearings because the power ‘to prevent any person from engaging in any unfair practice affecting commerce, has been vested by congress in the board and the circuit court of appeals and congress has declared: ITiis power shall be exclusive, and shall not be affected by any other means of adjustment or prevention that has been or may be established by agreement, code, law. or otherwise.’ "The grant of that exclusive power is constitutional, because the act prodded for appropriate procedure before the board and in the review by the circuit court of appeals and adequate opportunity to secure Judicial protection against possible illegal action on the part of the board.” The Bethlehem Corporation had contended it was not subject to the Wagner labor law under which proceedings were brought, because it was not engaged in interstate commerce. The Newport News company made a similar plea, arguing no labor dispute existed and its business did not “directly, or substantially affect interstate commerce.’’ FALLS TO DEATH A fall from the sixth story window of a Washington. D. C, hotel ended the career of Representative Edward A. Kenney, above, New Jersey Democrat, sponsor of a national lottery to raise funds for payment of the bonus. He had attended a party of New Jersey leaders shortly before he met his death. Senate Shelves Anti Lynch Bill “'Dispute Arises Over Wages In Housing Debate WASHINGTON, Jan. S1.-4JW The senate dropped the four-week the commanding offioer and 30 men of the unit involved in the incident. U. S. Accepts Jap Apology In Slopping WASHINGTON, Jan The United States accepted today Japan’s expressions of regret for the slapping last Wednesday at Nanking of John Ii. Allison, the third secretary in cherte of the embassy there, by a Japan es; sentry. The state department, making this announcement, made    public a i    fll,. report from Allison which    said the ;    bm Japanese planned to court martial    Pl    ernporsrily    toda>    to    consider 1    the    administration s    housing    legis lation. * * Despite general approval of objectives of the housing bill, senators disagreed over its wage provisions. The bill, as originally passed by the senate, requires payment of “prevailing wages” fixed by the labor department cm government-insured construction projects. This section was removed by a committee appointed to reconcile house and senate measures. Senator Lodge (A-Mass>, author of the prevailing wage amendment, led an attempt to reinstate it. The house has approved the compromise bill, designed to hasten the flow of private capital into home construction. It would cut the down-payment on low-cost houses to ten percent and would reduce interest and service charges on government-insured projects. Consideration of the housing bill gave southern senators a rest from their orations against the antilynching measure, which nevertheless remained the unfinished business of the senate. Naval and other appropriations bills are awaiting senate action, as is the administration’s government reorganisation measure. Investigate Death LITTLEFIELD, Jan. 31.—{injustice of the Peace M. W. Brewer today conducted an investigation into the death in a tourist camp of Alvin Elliott, 25, of Levelland. Local C Of C Seeks Program Suggestions Large Turnout Seen For Feast A renewed appeal was being made by officers of the Abilene chamber of commerce for suggestions for the chamber's 1938 program and methods by which the usefulness of the organisation could be increased. Questional res on the program policy of the chamber were sent to all members last week and Malcolm Meek, president, this morning urged that the forms be filled in and returned. Duplicate or additional forms are available at the chamber (rf commerce office. According to present indications, the annual membership banquet of the chamber of commerce February 8. will be the best attended such meetings in many years, in the opinion of H. D. Austin, chairman of the arrangement scommittee. The Weather < ABILENE and vicinity:    Fair    and oat quite so cold tonight; Tuesday partly cloudy with slowly ruing temperature. West Texas: Partly cloudy, not so cold In north and west portions tonight: Tuesday partly cloudy, rising temperaturs. East Texas: Fair. not quits so cold in northwest portion, colder in south and extreme test portions with frost, hard freeze In Interior, temperature fifteen to twenty-four in south portion except twenty-six to thirty-two on coast and thirty to thlry-elx In Rio Orandte valley; Tueedity. partly cloudy with slowly rising temperature ea-cept In extreme east portions. Highest temperature yesterday ....33 Lowest temperature this morning ..IT TEMPERATURES 7 p.m. 7 am. 13:39 p.m. Dry therntontefer SO* IT* 3ft* Wet thermometer . it* jr Would Bolt League MIAMI. FIS., Jan. SI—(>P)—A proposal from President William Green, that the American Federation of Labor withdraw from labor’s nonpartisan leage, put a new question before the federation’s executive council today. Reed Takes Seat On High Court Bench Induction Gives Liberal Justices Clear Majority WASHINGTON, Jan. 31.—(UP)— Stanley Forman Reed waa sworn today aa associate justice of the United States supreme court. His assumption of a seat on Ult high bench shifts control of the tribunal to a liberal bloc of five justices. Reed, President Roosevelt’s second appointee to the court, swore the jurist's oath before his judicial colleagues in the quiet dignity of the supreme court chamber. The oath was administered by Charles Elmore Cropley, supreme court clerk. Reed immediately took his seat on the bench at the extreme left of Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes. CARDOZO^ CHAIR VACANT Next to Reel’s seat was the vacant chair of Justice Benjamin N. Cardoso, who with Justices Louis D. Brendeis, Harlan P. Stone and Hugo L. Black comprises the liberal block which Reed's appointment augmented to a five-man majority. Cardoso Is ill. Cardoso's illness Is a possible portent of another change In the court membership. Many persons close to the court believe the ailing jurist may resign his post, thus giving Mr. Roosevelt a third appointment to the bench. Reed assumed his place at noon before a chamber in which every seat was filled. His associates of the justice department—Reed resigned as solicitor-general of the United States to accept the court appointment—were present in full force, headed by Attorney General Homer S. Cummings. Reed entered the court chamber with the other justices of the court and went immediately to the desk of Cropley. There he raised Wa hand and solemnly swore to the oath required of all Judges of U. S. courts. Racovar $10,000 Of Mail Pouch Loot FORT WORTH. Jan. »— CUP)*-Recovery of $10,000 of $31,900 stolen from a railway mall pouch In West Texas last November was announced today by Postal Inspector 7. L. Clampitt. Cl&mpltt said that a large part of the money was found in the back yard of a suspect’s home. Six persons now are in custody in connection with the theft. The money stolen was consigned from the Dallas Federal Reserve bank to the First National bank at O’Donnell. The mail pouch was missed at Tahoka while being transported by train from Slaton to O’Donnell on the South Plains. OFFICIALS SILENT ON OUTBREAKS- Construction At State Hospital Hits Stride Dormitory Ta Be Finished July I Construction work at the Abilene state hospital was getting in full swing this morning as the last of the projects was started. Work on the dormitory building was started last week and is to be completed in 160 working days or approximately by July I. The store room addition, beauty parlor, and physicians’ residence are to be finished within 60 working days. Dr. T. B. Bass, superintendent of the institution expressed himself this morning as being very well pleased with the progress being made on the work. He also stated that he felt the new buildings would add much to the n— and efficiency of the hospital. Dunlap and Coughran are contractors for the dormitory, while McAlister and Tucker have the other building contracts. Both are Abilene firms. The plumbing is to be installed by A. P. Kasch of Big Spring. Expenditure for the improvements will total $63,300. Mexican Troops, Fascists Clash WINTER'S WHITE FURY IGNORES PARKING ORDINANCE Digging out in sub • cero weather after the century Ii worst snowstorm proved a staggering task in Michigan's buried upper peninsula as this re markable photo (rf Ironwood'! Main street shows. Leaving .behind death, suffering, isolated communities, stranded miners . f VMM and school children, the 150-inch snowfall piled drifts 35 feet deep in places. Ironwood battled 12-foot drifts downtown. Plane Victims' Bodies Found Watch On Val tee's Arm Only Means Of Identification FLAGSTAFF, Aril., Jan. 31.—{*>) —The burned bodies of Gerard F. Vultee, aeronautical designer, and his wife, Sylvia, were brought to Flagstaff early today from snow-covered Mount Wilson, where their flaming plane fell Saturday. Twelve men of more than IOO who set out reached the ship after struggling for hours through deep snow, Sheriff Arthur Vandevler reported. Members of the party said the bodies were so badly burned that they were identified only through a wrist watch onVultoe’s arm. The small monoplane plunged to the ground In flames as Vultee sought to pass through a blinding mow storm while en route to his home in Glendale, Calif. “The only things we found around there that we could recognise were part of a woman’s shoe and a man’s hat,” said Edward L. Robinson. CCC youth and one of three persons who fought their wsy ahead of the posse ently caught fire in the air and was and located the wreckage. Robinson said the plane appar-an inferno as it plunged to the ground. Vukee, 36, and his wife appeared to have been locked in the cabin as it burned from around them. WINTRY BLAST SETS SEASONAL LOW OF 17 DEGREES FOR CITY Frigid Winds Drive Deep Into Toxos; Rising Tempore tyro Forecast Tuesday , Fighting Rages Near U. S. Line Reports Indicate Clashes Limited To Four Cities In State Of Tamaulipas MATAMORAS, Jab. 31.—(UP) —Clashes between federal soldiers and "rebel'’ bands, identified by the Matamoras pollee chief as Los Dorados, Mexican fascist organisation, broke out today in four cities of the state of Tamaulipas. Center of the fighting was reported to be the village of Bemires, approximately 20 miles from the United States border, and 25 miles south of Mercedes, Tex. Unconfirmed reports said that a desperate struggle was underway for possession of the town. Eighteen men reportedly had been killed in the fighting. Reports from other border paints indicated that the fighting was local. It had not spread to the states of Nuevo Leon, 0 o a h u i I a and Chihuahua, which are separated from Texas by the Rio Grande river. BATTLE ARMED BANDS Gen. Gabriel P. Cerverm, commander of the Matamoras army post, said that police, troops and agrarian reservists had met “armed bands” in a number of skirmishes in this vicinity this morning. Four men were killed and a quantity of arms and ammunition and two trucks were captured by the troops. No cause for the outbreaks could be determined immediately. Array authorities were silent concerning the identity of the “armed banda.” Police Chief Miguel Cardenas, however, said that members (rf the “rebel” group which encountered soldiers in the streets of Matamoras had been identified as members of Los Dorados, known also as the “Gold Shirts.” Officials in several border cities were attempting to locate Gen. Nicolas Rodiguez, leader of the fascist organization, who is known to have been operating during recent weeks in the Lower Rio, Grande valley section of Texas. The search for Rodiguez indicated that high authorities In tbs border cities believed his organization to be Cold Waothar Slows Payment Of Taxes Cold weather Monday morning apparently had slowed city and county tax payments, at least both city and county collectors reported at noon that payments during the morning had been only slightly heavier than during the past week. Both offices will remain open until midnight if the demand warrants. At noon today between 6,000 and $,506 had paid their poll taxes. Total payments are expected to I be nearly $.000. NETHERLANDS CELEBRATES— Heir To Orange Throne Giv es Birth To Daughter EOE8TDYK, Netherlands, Jan. 31 —(UP)—Princess Juliana, heir to the throne of the House of Orange, gave birth to a girl today, her first child. The baby, provided there is no future male child, was destined to carry into the third generation the line of queens of this sturdy nation of 8,500,000 people. With the pretty, pink cheeked princess in the semi-circular white palace here were her mother, Queen Wllhelmina, whose heir she is, and her husband of a year, Prince Bernhard, himself a scion of the ancient German house of Up-pe-Biersterfeld. Princess Juliana wanted a girl; Prince Bernhard a boy. It was announced officially that the child was born at $:30 a. rn. (3:10 a. rn. CST# Fen* weeks, its nation and its fm-—Malty mom af aha HMjUSS JULIANA birth. When the official announcement was flashed, waiting batteries of artillery and cannon of warships at aaa, began firing salutes of 51 guns. It would have been 101 guns lf the baby had been a boy. People ran from homes and offices into the streets to ask whether the baby was a girl or boy and to begin a celebration that, aided by national holidays, was expected to continue for dsys. Bight groups of medievally dad heralds, two trumpeters and a crier In each, started out from the Hague to inform the country formally of the birth. Coincidently airplanes took off from royal air force fields to drop leaflets all over the country. Sextons climbed to church towers to ring bells. Town and village bands were ordered out to head parades. Choristers made ready to Sea JULIANA*. Es* I. Cai. J Sat Roosevelt-Clark Wadding Juna 18 BOSTON, Jan. 31.—(UP)—John Roosevelt, 21, youngest son of the president, and Miss Anne Lindsay Clark, 21, of Boston, will be married June 18, in the little Nahant Episcopal church, according to Mrs. F. Haven Clark, the prospective bride's mother. Lay Blast to Error ROME, Jan. 31.—(UP)—An official communique said today that the explosion Saturday in the powder plant at Segni was caused by a foreman who used an iron instead of copper chisel to open a clogged tube of compressed air, thus causing sparks. Eighteen were reported Service Station RobberSought Manager Reports Kidnap Attempt To Local Police Police today were seeking a young man who early Sunday morning robbed the Humble service station. 643 Pine street, of $35 in money, attempted to kidnap the manager, stole a pick-up truck and despite a collision aith two automobiles at North Fourth and Cypress, managed to escape. Johnny Billingsley, manager of the station, recounted to officers the night * events. He said he went to town for a cup of coffee, and that when he came back the man was sitting in a pick-up truck which belongs to the station. Billingsley said that when he went over to the car to force the man out, a gun was thrust in his direction, the intruder going Inside and scooping up the money. Billingsley said that he was then forced into a car and told to drive off, the hijacker getting into the pick-up truck and following. At Cypress and North Fourth, the pick-up swerved around the corner too fast; it ran into two automobiles, the front wheels climbing on top of one of themachines. Looting Reported By Texas Paper McAllen, Jan. 31.—(AP)—The McAllen Monitor today said it had an unconfirmed report 18 men were killed in a gun battle at Ramirez, small Mexican town 35 miles east of here. It said the fight reputedly took place early today but no light was thrown on the nature of the fight. The paper said it had reliable information that small bands of Mexicans had been looting in the small Mexican villages along the border for several weeks. The poor condition of agriculture was cited See MEXICO. Pg. 9, Cel. I Wintry weather marched through Texas to the sea today, connected with the outbreaks, kicking up a storm in the gulf of Mexico and leaving behind the year's severest temperatures. Freesing weather extended deep into South Texas, touching Houston with 38 degrees but missing the Rio Grande valley, as usual, by several degrees. PREVIOUS HIGH ti Tho cold wave brought Abilene 17 degrees, the season's lowest temperature. Previous winter minimums were 22 degrees on Nov. 20 and 21 on Dec. 9. However, the frigid snap here is not expected to be of duration that would cause damage to water pipes or other similar casualties. Tonight is to be fair and not quite so cold; Tuesday, partly cloudy with slowly rising temperatures. STORM WARNINGS ISSUED In the panhandle temperatures dropped as low as IO degrees. Some north Texas readings were: Wichita Falla 14, lowest since Jan. 23, 1937; Borger 12; Amarillo ll, three point* above yesterday's record season low of 8 degrees; Lubbock IO degrees and rising; San Angelo 19, coldest of the year. The New Orleans weather bureau announced storm warnings from Pensacola, Fla., to Brownsville, advising coast points that freezing weather waa advancing beliing a low pressure area out of the Rocky mountains. Dallas shivered in the coldest weather of the season, 18.8. Other readings: Denton 16. seasons low; Paris ll; Palestine 23; Tyler 20. which meant a 45-degree drop since Sunray noon; Corsicana 20, season’s low; Austin 24, seasonal low; McAllen, 40 and no damage to valley cigua and vegetables Corpus Christi 36 and warming up. Corpus Christi source reported freezing temperatures went no farther south than Beeville, just below San Antonio. The Dallas weather bureau said no snow fell In Texas during the night and that skies generally were fair. Its forecast for tonight and tomorrow was for slightly higher temperatures but still cold enough for extra blankets. Pleads Guilty On 44th Drunk Count A man whose name was on the police blotter for the 44th time for the same offense pleaded guilty to drunkenness in corporation court this morning. He and the judge came to an agreement by which he went out of the courtroom under a S25 suspended fine, promising “I will stay sober until next January." It was his third appearance bef re Judge E. M. Overshiner, who uses the suspended fine system in an effort to curb the h&bituals. The court assessed $35 in other fines for drunkenness. Case of a negro charged with drunkenness and disturbing the peace was passed until 5 p. rn. A man charged with assault, in connection with an affray with his wife and a woman bystander, was transferred to the justice of the peace court. FIVE DIE IN ABILENE— Taylor Adds 8 To State Traffic Toll Of 2,043 For Black Year' Taylor county added eight traffic deaths to the 1937 toll in Texas, records released today showing that the state’s automobile deaths last year reached 2.043. In Abilene, five persons died as the result of traffic mishaps; three others lost their lives in the county. This Is a reversal of the average over the state, most accidental deaths occuring on the highways rather than In the urban areas. The state department of public safety in its report called 1937 the “black year ” Traffic deaths and injuries reached the highest figure in the history of the state. In reviewing the expert* pointed out that 897 of the 2,043 had suffered their fatal injuries within city limits; and 1,124 were killed on open highways. The remaining 22 death locations were undetermined from the reports. Speed, state safety officials declared, was blamed tor most of the fatal crashes. December bm a typical month. There were 710 accidents in cities, and 957 on highways, with 36 fatalities resulting in the cities and 133 on the open highways. Abilene's roll of automobile deaths last year; J. L. (Cop) Anthony, February 21; Mrs. J. L. Lindsay, March 24; James Gray BlMsoe, October ll; Mrs. Nora Street. October 19; Ray Jones. November 19. Deaths from accidents in the county: J. B. Toombes. Merkel, January 36; C.' D. Camp Jr., Merkel. March 17; Guy Kell Guffee, June 4. Last year, 15,055 accidents were reported to the state department. There were 16.183 persons injured. Records show that 2,684 pedestrians were struck down, 529 of them fatally injured. Two of Abilene’s five death* were pedestrians. One youth wa* killed while riding a motorcycle. In the county, there wa* one pa destrian death; two other persons were fatally hurt while automobile Count FDR Fete Receipts Today Gross Revenue More Than $1,000 Chairman Says County executive committee for the celebration of the president’s birthday wa* to meet at 3 o’clock this afternoon to make toe first complete check of the revenue from toe celebrations held in Abilene Saturday night. Malcolm Meek, chairman of tho committee said that already mara than $1,000 in gross receipts had bom accounted for and more was to come In. A full report of the re* ceipts and expenditures of the com* plete program will be issued to the public at the close of the meeting; Members of the committee which sponsored the record breaking demonstration are Meek, chairman: Ana O. Smart, C. 8. Henning. Taal Joans, treasurer, Daw Rankin. Howard McMahan and Mrs. Florence CH lf tort. Contributions Pour In at White House WASHINGTON, Jan. SI.—(AV— President Roosevelt’s 56th birthday anniversary is over, but the Whit* House staff is going to be counting dimes—and larger coins—for several days. Thousands of letters bearing contributions to the new national foundation for Infantile paralysis piled up in toe executive offices during the week-end. The gifts will be added to race i pts from birthday bails held in every state Saturday night. Mr. Roosevelt, voicing his thanks in a radio talk, saki: “It is glorious to have one’s birthday associated with a work Uke this.” Proration Hearing Sat February 18 AUSTIN, Jan. 31.—(JPh-1The next statewide oil proration hearing will be held February IS, the railroad commission announced today. Th* Sunday shutdowns throughout Texas will continue until March I, however, unless the commission decides otherwise after the hearing. What Is Your NEWS I.Q.? By AP Feature Service Each question counts 20; each part of a two-part question, IO. A score of 60 is fair; 80 good. Answers on page IO. 1. Who is this sandwich-munching Louisianan? How did he make headlines? 2. Does Prime Minister De-Valera of Eire want Northern Ireland (a) to become part of his country (b) to retain its present relationship with Great Britain, or (c) to become a republic? 3. Why did the navy recently fly 18 bombers to Hawaii? , 4. Dean Noe of Memphis was permitted to continue his test. True or false? 5. What did President Roosevelt do to relieve civilian sufferers in Gdoa2 ;