Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 29, 1954, Abilene, Texas
MILDWí)t Obtiene Reporter -iBlrtttë MORNING'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SK ETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" — Byron
VOL. LXXIII, No. 227
Associated Press (AP)
ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 29, 1954—TWENTY-TWO PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
Russia, in Surprise Move,
Asks for World Conference
Weapons, Atoms On Red Agenda
MEXICANS SEEK ENTRY—Mexican laborers seeking entry into the United States as contract farm laborers, mass at the entry gate in Calexico, Calif., as 500 were admitted before the gates were closed for the day. More are scheduled to be admitted later. At one time Mexican officials used fire hoses to halt attempts of the workers to storm the border.
Don’t Up Base Wage Now: Ike
WASHINGTON, Jan. 28 Lffî — President Eisenhower today asked Congress to wait until economic conditions improve before boosting minimum wages above 75 cents an hour. He said an increase in the wage level now might bring about more unemployment.
Eisenhower's position, set forth In his economic message to Congress, came as a surprise since Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell told the CIO convention last November the administration was "working hard te raise the minimum and extend its coverage to millions more workers."
Expressed Concern The President expressed concern that any higher minimum might drive low profit firms out of business and said:
"We should undertake adjustments of a minimum wage at a time when economic activity can take them in stride, thereby mini-miiing the risk of unemployment of the less productive workers
Murder Acquittal Clears San Angelo Marine's Record
whose welfare the minimum wage seeks to aid.
Labor union leaders had regarded Mitchell's CIO speech as a vir-tual promise of a higher minimum.
Sen. Murray (D-Mont) comment ed that Eisenhower's decision to retain the present minimum wage for the time being was "another example of his failure to perform on a promise."
Lehman Disappointed Sen. Lehman (D-NY* said this particular phase of the econpmic message "surprised and disapoint ed me very much.” He added: •‘I had every’ reason to think he would ask an increase to $1. In the event of an increase In the present economic recession, a continuation of the present rate is going to cause dissatisfaction and lessen purchasing power."
Only about 24 million of the nation’s more than 60 million workers are covered by the present 75-cent minimum. Although Eisenhower said a higher minimum and broadened coverage are "desirable” at the proper time, his report seriously questioned the value of any "wage floor” in reducing poverty.
HAVE YOU PAID YOUR POLL TAX?
SAN DIEGO. Calif. Jan. 28 IF— ^ Polls Paid Thursday A general court martial acquitted polls Paid to Date
Marine Pfc. L. C Kemp. 23. today Poils Pai(f Last year
of murder in the shotgun killing Pois paid in 1952 Dec. 2 of Irving lat Fever, 27. ml-' jyays before deadline lian gardener.
Kemp admitted he shot the gardener, after a dispute at the San Diego Marine Corps recruit depot over respect to the color*.
"I didn't intend to kill I* Fever,
but I did intend to hit him," he
The eight officers of the court martial ruled after 14 hours.
Kemp, of San Angelo. Tex., heard the verdict with evident relief. He is restored to duty with a clear record. Conviction could have brought up to life imprisonment.
The veteran of Korea fighting was guarding brig prisoners when he took I* Fever, a Navy veteran, to task for failure to come to attention at morning raising of the colors.
UN Says Nine of 21 POWs Had Squealed
PANMUNJOM, Friday, Jan. 29 (£)—The U.N. Command charged last night that 9 of the 21 Americans who took up life in the Communist world had squealed on fellow prisoners during captivity.
In a generalized statement which omitted names, the Command bared the records of the 21 shortly after they had joined a Briton and 325 South Koreans in quitting a pro-Red prison camp for the Communist version of life as "free men.”
The statement said four of the nine alleged stool pigeons feared punishment, if they went back to the United States, for currying i'a-vor with Red guards by informing on fellow prisoners.
No Real Beliefs Five really had no sincere Communist beliefs but stayed with the Reds for such reasons as falling in love with Chinese women.
Twelve of the 21 showed pro-Red leanings immediately after being captured and one had defended communism in talks with other soldiers before his capture.
Five had been sent into Red China during captivity for special training.
Over half of them never got through high school and the only two who went to college were "easily swayed.”
The 347 prisoners yesterday boarded 35 Russian Molotov trucks, decorated with "peace doves,” and rolled north out of the pro-Red camp to nearby Kaesong under escort of Communist Red Cross workers.
Free at Last
Peiping radio said that Chinese and North Korean generals wel
corned the men "to live as free in Kaesong” and that Sgt Richard
Corden, of Providence, R.I, responded by exclaiming “We are free men at last.”
The Communists contend it was a violation of the armistice for custodian Indian troops either to give up the 347 or the 22,000 anti-Red prisoners set free by the Allies. The Communist Red Cross statement fitted into this stand.
Some Western newsmen were allowed into the neutral zone to the pro-Red compound to talk with the prisoners before they got on the trucks.
Typical of the interviews was one with Cpl. Lowell D. Skinner, of Akron, Ohio:
"I am going to China to further peace. ..."
"How’, exactly, do you fight for peace?”
"You speak out for it.”
"What do you say*"
"You oppose war. You support peace.”
“How do you support peace?”
"You speak out for it.”
ON WAY TO COMMUNIST LAND—Some of the twenty-one singing Americans and one Briton who renounced their homelands to stay with the Communists are shown on a truck as it pulled out of the neutral zone headed for Northern Korea. All of the Americans, vho now face life behind the bamboo curtain have been given dishonorable discharges by the U.S. defense department.
300 at Industrial Meet Hear Ways to Prepare for Future
By DON NORRIS
The way was pointed Thursday by nine men. whose vast experienc covers industrial development from the business and community phases, as to how West Texas can best insure its future commercial development.
The men were speakers at the first West Texas Chamber of Commerce Industrial Conference attended by more than 300 leaders from over 55 towns.
Concluding the conference at the Wooten Hotel here Thursday j the delegates gave wholehearted approval to conference Chairman Eldor L. Buelow’ of San Angelo when he suggested it be made an annual affair.
Buelow is vice-president of the WTCC and chairman of its industrial committee.
Fred Husbands, WTCC general manager, was the first speaker. He challenged the group to.bring industry to their communities, citing climate, industrial - management laws, comparatively few taxes, and a "good atmosphere for business” as incentive.
Fred A. Elliston, manager of the area development division of Texas Electric Service Co. at Fort 1 Worth, urged towns to see where
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they stand as a town before seeking industry. He explained the fundamentals of survey of schools, wat-e4. local industry, civic leadership, resources and similar facts.
Need Balanced Towns
Frank W. Cantrell, managing director of the Arkansas State Chamber of Commerce, extolled the virtues of w’hat a community should offer industry with emphasis on a well-balanced community.
C, C. Whitney, Jr., personnel director of the Celanese Corporation of America at Pampa. urged the ! deaders to offer industry a pleasing enviroment which includes good housing, hospitals and shopp-. ing facilities, and community ser- j vices adequate to compensate the employes.
Heading up the slate of five speakers Thursday afternoon was S. C. O’Neal, traffic manager of the Waco Chamber of Commerce, who explained to the group the mysteries connected with setting freight rates and how they may be changed.
Ted Clifford, supervisor of reports and statistics of the Texas Employment commission at Austin, cited how prospective industry lw ays looks at the potential market for its product at the point it settles.
He said growth in West Texas,
which has only one-third of the state's population, has shown a marked increase in non-farm employment actually 2 per cent more than the other sections.
Industry’s interest in the labor market was shown, he said, when a 10,000 person error was made in the TEC labor bulletin for Abilene. The error showed 10.000 more people working here than was a fact he said.
Result: One eastern company
scheduled $150.000 more advertising in this area; an oil company looking at nine locations for expanding retail outlets scheduled a
See INDUSTRIAL, Pq. 3-A Col. 4
BERLIN, Jan. 28 (/P)—Russia startled the Western Big Three today with a proposal for a world conference this year, including Red China, to deal with the East-West arms race and atomic weapons control.
Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov agreed to sidetrack temporarily his bid for a Big Five conference seating the Chinese Communists in the spring, then offered a resolution embodying the new proposal for a world parley on disarmament.
The resolution was presented while the three Western foreign ministers were again de-1--*
manding that the Berlin conferees go on to the problems of Germany’s unification and Austria’s independence.
It would pledge all four “to take measures within the framework of the United Nations to convene in 1954 a world conference on general reduction of armaments with the participation of both the members of the United Nations and the non-member states.”
As If Adopted Phrased as if already adopted, the resolution added:
"Full agreement (by the Big Fouri has also been reached that the plan of measures for the general reduction of armaments would be linked up with a simultaneous solution of the problem of atomic weapons.”
There was no debate on the resolution. Introducing it was almost Molotov’s last act as chairman of today’s fourth session of. the Berlin conference.
He agreed to waive further discussion at this time of point I of the agenda—measures for reducing international tension and a Big Five conference.
But he got his Western colleagues to consent to return to point I in secret session later and possibly to appoint a committee to seek an | understanding on it.
Wrangled With Dulles For four hours, he wrangled w’ith Secretary of State Dulles,
France’s Georges Bidault andj Britain’s Anthony Eden over his pet project—Red China in a Big Five.
The Westerners steadfastly re-
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GOES TO POLIO FUND
Ike Predicts Fast Recovery By Business
WASHINGTON, Jan. 28 (^-President Eisenhower today predicted a quick recovery from the current business dip, and pledged a vast pump-priming program backed by the government's “formidable” arsenal of economic weapons in the event of a serious recession.
But Eisenhower told Congress In his annual economic message that the nation is “marvelously prosperous,” despite some unemployment, and the prospect is bright for new progress toward ever higher standards of living.
The President warned against complacency, however. He noted that periods of economic adjustment "alw’ays carry •isks” with them.
Keep Level Heads
In general, the President eoun-* seled U.S. businessmen and consumers alike to keep a level head— to avoid any drastic cutbacks— so as to ward off any "psychological repercussions” which might become "impediments to smooth adjustment.”
... . . _ , On Capitol Hill, Republicans ap-
fused to go into a conference with piauded the President’s message.
i Initial reaction among some Democrats was that the "dip” is al-1 ready serious and tne government should act promptly w stave off the thieat of a major slump.
"It is too late to start after a depression is upon us,” commented Rep. Spence (D-Ky), a member of the House Banking Committee.
House Majority Leader Halleck (R-lnd) said Eisenhower had given Every form of conversation which I "a devastating answer to the
Peiping on sweeping world problems. But Bidault and Eden made it plain they would welcome "goodwill" by the Chinese jn solving the problems of divided Korea and the Indochina war. In such case, a conference on .-pecific issues would be in order, they said.
"We are always ready to seize any chance to conclude peace in Indochina,” Bidault said.
“I am ready to go even further.
makes progress to peace possible on this specific point will be welcome to France. But how can France believe in Chinese goodwill when daily on the battlefield she shows just the opposite?”
But the French foreign minister told Molotov "1 search in vain' for an indication in the Russian's statements that would be an assurance of such conversations.
In a speech loaded with sarcasm, Dulles called Molotov a diplomatic magician who wanted to bypass and replace the United Nations
shameful whispering campaign of reckless partisans who are trying to stampede the country into a depression for their own political advantage.”
Shows Confidence Eisenhower’s 35.000-word report was liberally sprinkled with expressions of confidence in the nation’s immediate and long-range future:
“A great opportunity lies before the American people . . . our economy is basically strong . . . our
Drink That High-Priced Coffee at Cafes Today
Friday is a big day in Abilene for the March of Dimes.
A large number of cafes will turn over all coffee sales for the day to the drive. This is known as "Coffee Day.”
Then Friday night at 7 approximately 2.000 Abilene mothers will start the Mothers’ March on Folio by going from door to door of Abilene homes with porch lights burning, picking up donations for the Marcn of Dimes.
Families who desire to give to the drive can signal the mothers
by turning on porch lights.
First signs of the ’’march” began Thursday night when members of the National Guard pasted stickers on business wind«nvs, reminding people of the Mothers' March.
The drive this year will also feature about 200 fathers taking part by taking up collections, mainly in drive-in theatres.
Officials in the drive hope that the event will give a needed ltft to the lagging March of Dimes campaign. Last year’s "march” netted a total of $6.256.
with a Big Five conference includ- j financial system was never strong-lng "a proclaimed aggressor,” Red er
Would Be Incredible
“It would be incredible that the four of us, even with the addition of the fabulous Mr. Chou En-Iai : (Chinese foreign minister», would be able quickly to solve the political, economic and military problems with which the United Nations has wrestled unsuccessfully for the past nine years," the American declared.
Under the Russian scheme, Dulles said, the Big Five powers would assume authority to rule the world, and the United Nations would be virtually scrapped for having refused to admit a Peiping regime that “gained power by bloody war, liquidated millions of Chinese and committed aggression in Korea and Indochina.”
The President and his three-man Council of Economic Advisers emphasized that the outlook today has not been jeopardized by "dangerous speculative” ventures such as marked the stock market boom on the eve of the last great depression.
Files on Reds Ordered Destroyed, Jenner Says
INDUSTRY FOR SWEETWATER?—Four
Industrial Conference here Thursday scan a West Texas lalior market report during a "leg-stretching” at the afternoon session, manager of Lone Star Gas Co.; Dwight Me the Industrial Manufacturing Co. of T dau Distributing Co. (Staff Photo)
Sweetwater delegates to the first West Texas
Pictured from left to right are: J. D. Holbrook,
B ide of McBride Cleaners; T. E. Wideman of exas; and standing, Bill Sheridan, manager of Sheri-
WASHINGTON, Jan. 28 dH Sen. Jenner (R-lnd) «aid tonight that in 1944 "the White House" ordered the Navy to destroy the files of a Navy counter-intelligence unit in New York which has amassed much information about Communist activity.
The files, Jenner said, "had the basic information on Communists In the maritime units, Communists on the waterfront, and Com-munisU in the convoys that went to Russia itself."
In 1944 Franklin D Roosevelt was President and Russia was an | ally of the United States in the war agauist the Axis,
Jenner, chairman of the Senate j Internal Security subcommittee,
I told of the incident in a talk pre
pared for a testimonial dinuer for Robert Morris, former counsel of the subcommittee and now a New York City municipal judge.
Morris was a World War 11 naval intelligence officer.
The senator quoted Adm. Ernest J. King, chief of naval operations during the war, as telling Adm. Chester Nimitz. then commander of the Pacific Fleet, that "the White House” gave the orders to destroy the files.
Jenner made plain that his Communist-hunting subcommittee intended to investigate the matter.
Jenner said that in May, 1944, Morris was a lieutenant in the counter-intelligence section of naval intelligence In the New York
district, and one of his undercover agents had succeeded in penetrating the Communist organization.
One night, he related, Morris got a telephone call from a New York Times reporter saying that Victor Kravchenko, an official of the Soviet purchasing commission, had fled his Soviet masters and wanted to talk to Morris.
Morris and Kravchenko, who later wrote the book “1 Chose Freedom", had a talk, Jenner said, and shortly thereafter Morris’ superior ! asked Washington ter authority "to i get the many more details Kravchenko could supply."
But word came back from Wash-! ington, Jenner said, to "let Kiav-cheuko alone.” j
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