Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 28, 1954, Abilene, Texas
WARMERÄme toorter-intuii MORNING
VOL. LXXlIl, No. 226
Associated Press fAP)
'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" Byron
TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 28T l95~^^ PAGES^I^TtWO^S^OT
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
Russia Refuses Allied 'No' to Big 5 Meeting
SMOOTH SLEDDING—It’s a matter of question as to who is getting the lion’s share of Oiis sleighing venture in Auburn, Wash., but, at least 11-year-old Terry Thayer is enjoying his ride, courtesy of Little Tyke, 7-year-old pet lioness of the George Westbeaus at the M'estbeau Hidden Valley Ranch near Auburn. “We didn’t think she would leave the warm fireplace and television to go out into the cold.” they said.
Spectacular Fire Destroys Theater In Mexico City
MEXICO CITY. Jan. 2? (if'-One of Mexico City's most spectacular fires in years tonight destroyed the Granat Theater. Police said quick action by theater employe.s averted a panic and there were no fatalities.
Only a few of the audience of 1,500 persons suffered minor injuries in escaping from the burning building, authorities stated.
An explosion in the projection room touched off the fire.
The audience escaped through fire exit.s as flames billowed through the theater located in downtown Mexico City in a heavily populated market and industrial area.
LAST ACT BEGINS
Bamboo Curtain Closes oh 21
Man Winning Tea Drinkers by Phone
DETROIT. Jan. 27 - Hall Wil-
ion, 47. is ready to figh’ coffee prices “even if it takes forever.” His weapon—the telephone.
Wilson has converted 200 Detroit coffee drinkers to tea or milk. He has phoned 209 ;>ersons. There are some 700.000 listing.s in the Detroit phone book.
Wilson figures If he makes 20 eaUs an hour during a five-hour daily span, it is ill 'only take me 1.400 days to finish the book.”
PANMUNJOM, Thursday. Jan. 28 '.4^Twenty-one U, S. soldiers, their backs turned on home, today slip back behind the Bamboo Curtain in the last act of the drama of Korean War prisoners.
Ahead of them lies an uncertain future.
The American.s, all disnonorahly i discharged after they renounced their homeland, chose life with the I Communists ai»d said thev would “fight for peace "
I Busy Packing
Peiping radio reported the .Americans and their companions—325 South Koreans and 1 Briton—we^e busy today packing to leave their unlocked stockade
Seven Korean barbers were giving the men haircuts.
“We want to ioox trim when we get back to Kaesong.” the radio quoted Sgt. Richard G Cor-den. of East Providence. R. I.
Communist Red Cross representatives were expected at the camp in the neutral tone to take charge of the men. Indian custodial forces were ready to turn over their records.
The Indian Command has dis-ciaimed any responsibility for the
Mariin Bolls Policy, Wanfs More Tax Cuts
WASHINGTON, Jan. 27 —
House Speaker Joseph W, Martin, Jr., diverging from president Ei-.senhower’s tax policy, called today for slashes in a score or more of excise or sales taxes.
The Republican leader, in a surprise proposal, said all excises above 10 per cent should be brought down to that level, except for liquor and tobacco. Many rates now range from 15 to 25 per cent.
His comments at a news conference promptly drew support from some Democrats and Republicans on the lax-writing House Ways and Means Cxmmlttee.
Wchjidn't Cut Revenua Congressional authorities estimated the proposed cuts would reduce revenue by about 942 million dollars a year at current sales levels, But Martin said increases in sales and employment under the spur of such a tax reduction probably would prevent any actual revenue loss.
He declared excise rates above lu per cent are “exorbitant” and are injuiing many industries.
Martin said he didn’t expect the Eisenhower administration to protone under Indian control while a I excise cuts, but he hoped
Neutral Nations Commission supi‘r-1 ^ financial situation would be
vised repatriation efforts. such that the administration would
not fight such a move by« Congress “when the time comes.”
22.000 anti-Red prisoners and the Indians unlocked the gates of the pro-Red camp.
Stayed in Compounds The .147 pro-Reds remained in their compounds. The Communists refused to take them back as prisoners, contending they should be held pending a peace conference.
The prisoners then petitioned the Reds to accept them as “free men.’’ The- Communist Command granted the Communist Red Cross permission to take custody.
For the 21 .Americans the trip north today will mark the beginning of a new phase of life. .All have been prisoners of war for many months—some for years. For the i>Asl five months they have been held in stockades in a neutral
San Angelo Marine Te5*lî»e$ at Trial
S.AX PIEGO. Jan 27 .fi—The de-claimed any responsibility for me i fense rested late today in the court 1 It aisii would applv to pens prisoners since Jan 23 On that | m.rtiaJ frying .Marine Pfc. L. C. , pencUs. lighters. local telep date the U. N. Command freed Kernp_ 33^ ©f San Angelo. Tex., on
CIVIC CLUBS HELP
Poll Tax Payments Less Than in 1953
•Abilene civic organixation* thi^ es paid. .With only three days left
a murder charge. The Texan testified.
Kemp is accused of the shotgun slaying of Irving I^ Fever. 27. civilian gardener, at the San Diego Marine Corps Recruit Depot IVc. 2. Kemp has admitted the shooting, which followed a dispute over the gardener’s failure to observe the morning raising of the colors.
Kemp was asked about his state
His proposal would lower to 10 per cent the present 20 per cent tax on furs, jewelrv-, cosmetics, luggage, women’s handbags, movie and other admissions, photo-prraphle equit>ment, light bulbs, safe deposit boxes and club dues.
and telephone calls, domestic telegrams and leased wires, and personal trans portatkjn. all taxed now at 15 per cent.
Leased Wires. Too
It would slash the long-distance telephone rate from the present level of 25 per cent.
President Eisenhower, in his annual budget message, did not propose any excise changes and asked Congress to cancel one billion dol-
German Peace Talks Stalled
BERLIN, Jan. 27 (iP)—Russia stalled the Berlin rnnferenc® today from taking up the German peace problem and fought to compel the big Western powers to recognize Red Chini as an equal.
Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav M. Molotov refused to accept an allied “No” to a Big Five parley with the Chines# Communists on world disarmament and trade in May or June.
He countered with an 80-minute speech repeating his Big Five proposal in detail andi ---~
uring up a prospect ofi ements in Asia from such I a talk.
Waste of Time
Spearheading the Western oppo- i sition. Secretary of State Dulles I said he declined to “fritter away : ! our time in discus.sing whether I and how to set up a new confer- ! ' ence” instead of getting started on \ : the unification of Germany and , granting Austria Independence, j He emphasized these tw-o prob- ' lems were the whole purpose of the Big Four meeting here. If they are solved “then, and then only, can
Ike Promises Humanitarian POW Action
WASHING’FON, Jan. 27 Pret-ident Eisenhower, who commanded millions of troops In World War we stand before the world as capa- | II, today promised a humanitarian
DELIVERS PETITIONS—Sen. John W. Bricker (R-O’nio) delivers a pile of petitions to Vice-President Richard Nixon in Washington. Signatures on the petitions were collected by women favoring passage of the Bricker amendment to the Constitution.
Substitute Enters Bricker Bill Fight
week added their efforts to increase the voting potentiality of Tavlor County.
The I-eague of Women Voters is maintaining a poll tax booth inside the entrance of Minter s Dry Goods Co. from 9 a m. to 5 p.m. daily the rest of the week and another booth on the mezzanine of the Wooten Hotel from 12 noon to 1:15 p.m.
Both the Jaycees and the Veterans of Foreign Wars are planning dances, with poll tax receipts the only admission requirement. The Jaycee dance is slated Friday at 8*30 p m. at the Windsor Hotel, while the VFW dance is scheduled Saturday at 9 p m. at the VFW Three .Acres Memorial Hall.
With all major elections scheduled this year, except the Presidential race, this year’s poll tax payments totaled le^s than they did a year ago in an off-elecilon year.
In 1953 there were 7.093 poll tax-
for the county tax asses.sor-col]ec-tor’s office to remain open before the Jan. 31 deadline — Thursday. Friday and Saturday — there have been only 6.669 poll taxes paid.
Requests for poll taxes may be mailed to the tax collector s office
of mind as Le^Fever approached j lars in excise cuts set automatical-him. Witnes.ses had testified the i ly under present law for April 1.
gardener came at Kemp with clenched fists. The .Marine was guarding three brig prisoners at the time.
’i thought the man was going to attack me. thus endangering the
along with $1.75 .Although the tax of my prisoners.” Kemp
office clo.ses Saturday, poll taxes i ‘Had 1 let him reach me
requested in letters postmarked be- i *here would have been difficulties fore midnight Sunday night will he | far beyond my control in keeping honored .xnd poll taxes mailed out (custody of my prisoners. There next week. A poll tax blank ap- was nothing to do but shoot him;
pears on Page 2-.A.
I couldn’t drop my weapon fight the man
HAVE YOU PAID YOUR POLL TAX?
Polls Paid Wednesday Polls Paid to Date ., Polls Paid LmM Year . Polls Paid In 1952 ..
Das s before deadline .
TV Tower Topples At LaFerio, 2 Hurt
WFSTACO The top of a 709-foot television tower fell at I.41 Feria Wednesday, injuring two steeplejacks and putting Rio Grande Valley TV Station KRGV out of commission indefinlteb.
•Any cuts by Congress, he said, should be offset by increases so that over-ail revenue from the excise field is maintained at present levels of about 10 billion dollars annually.
Ike Says Government Liberol, Conservotive
WASHINGTON. Jan 27 .f—Pres-ident Eisenhower said today his administration is both liberal and conservative — liberal toward human beings and conservative in handling economic affairs
He bristled a bit in rejecting any idea that his legi.slative program is merely an extension of the IVmocratlc “New Deal.”
The budget offers the best comment on that. Eisenhower said at hks news conference. He said former President Truman’s budget was heading further and further Into debt and at an increasing rate, whereas his own budget seeks to reduce government spending.
WASHINGTON. .Tan. 27 T—Sen. George (D-Ga> entered the battle o\ er the Bricker amendment today with a substitute, stating that any international agreement is invalid if it conflicts with the Constitution.
George made his unexpected move as the Senate plunged into debate on the controversial plan of Sen. Bricker < R-Ohiot to put a rein on the Presidents treaty-making powers by constitutional atjiend-ment.
fective as internal law in the United States except by act of Congress.”
Knowland indicated that he was doubtful whether the administration could accept this. But he said he did not anticipate any trouble with the other section of the George substitute, which deviares: “.A provision of a treaty or other international agreement which con-
ble of assuming other and heavier tasks,” he concluded.
France’s Georges Bidault. backing up Dulles, said the Big Five parley would seiwe no good so long as Peiping was “Indirectly supporting” the Vietminh rebels in Indochina.
He frankly told Molotov, who was his dinner host last night: “You disapprove of the regime I represent, but I in turn disapprove of yours.”
Bidault added, however, that If the facts and situation of the Red Chinese rulers were to change, a Big Five meeting might ultimately be considered.
British Foreign Secretary An- !
attitude toward former Korean war prisoners whose actions are being questioned.
He told his news conference that sympathy and humanity will enter into consideration of their cases.
The President said he was so disturbed by news of court martial charges against Army Cpi. Edward S. Dickenson that he got in touch w'ith Secretary ^f Defense W’ilson about the case.
But Eisenhower said he did not think the charges were fUed Just because the corporal chose to remain with the Conununists for a while. He indicated there was moro to the case than that.
Dickenson, the Cracker’s Neck, I Vs.. GI who first refused and then asked repatriation, was placed un-
The George substitute got in | flicts with this Constitution shall
fhooy j£d«Ji, chairman for the day, advised Molotov that Peiplng i should first prove its sincerity for world peace by enabling the Korean political conference to get started.
If the German and Austrian ques-
tal here last week as he was undergoing final physical examinations preparatory for di-schiHge. He will be held until a board determines whether he should face court martial on charges that he tions were solved here. Eden said. ; dealt illegallv with the enemy to
ahead of another being drafted by Sen. Knowland of California, the GOP floor leader, and may cause the Knowland proposal to be withheld.
President Eisenhower has declared his “unalterable opposition" to the Bricker amendment, which he contends would hamper seriously American relations with foreign nations.
Gallierics Jammed 'The public galleries of the Senate were janyned as the debate
THEY SPREAD INFDRM.NTION ON RESERVE BANKS—This quintet was responsible for the program at a joint meeting of the Hamlin Rotary and Lions Clubs Wednesday noon at which Dr. Carl H. Moore, center, agriculture economist of the Fedehal Reserve Bank, Dallai. was the speaker. Others, left to right, art Wesley Nall, president of Hamlin Rotirv Club; M. T. York, retired Hamlin merchant and Rotarían; Clarence Bailey, prtfIdent’of Hamlin Uong Club, and Tate May, Hamlin banker and Rotarían. (Story on page 3-A. (Staff Photo by Bob Cooke)_
1'. ». mcPAKTMI^NT or rOMMKRCt W P. XTHSR IH'REAl ABILENE AND VICINITY - Cloudy b^con\tn( partly rtoudy and UUla warmer Thuraday aftrracawi and Ervdas : hlpfi Thursday SS, lew Thuraday nlghl ao hifh Frldar »
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tomperaturea for ta-houra aiurtni at • 30 p m i) and M
Hi«h and tow lamparaturaa aama data laat yaor Tl and Ü Sunaat Uwt *l*ht « « » aa : »tnrtaa to-dae Iri aw tunaet toaUihl • Ot p w laromatot raadtnt at • il » w MIS Ratattva htwittdtty at f M pa 93%
Knowland told newsmen that he \ w as going to submit George's pro- * posal to the White House at once to see if it was acceptable to the administration, and also to ask the State and Justice Departments for an opinion.
He said he w.as certain the administration would go along with at least part of the substitute.
George, senior Democratic member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, told reporters the amendment he proposed would leave untouched the present division of state and federal powers, a |»oint of hot dispute in Bricker’s plan.
I Give States Powtr
I One clause of the Bricker amend-; ment says “a treaty shall become : effective as internal law in the I United States only through legislation which would he valid in the absence of a treaty.” Eisenhower says this would give indlvidiul i states the power to repudiate trea-I ties. Bncker disputes this, though I he says treaties on some subjects, such as divorce, could not go into : effect without action hi .st.ste legis-' latures
(«eorge propo.sed the following as , a substitute for the d s-nited i clause
not be of .any force or effect.
3 Hurt as Madrid Riots Continue
MADRID. Spain, an. 27 <.fL_
Three students were reported wounded by gunfire and an assault guard was badly hurt today in the third day of street fighting touched off originally by demonstrations for return of Gibraltar by Britain tc Spain.
the Big Four would be better situated to look at other questions.
All the Western arguments for taking up the German settlement without further delay rolled off Molotov’s hlack-suited back. .Although
h> b>d «.ived jt th» outset of tc> J ¡ ^ ^ol.
day s session the H. Sehusble of Arlington,
again on Peiptng s behalf, he launched into a carefully prepared address as soon as the West rested.
Molotov hinted the French might get a settlement of the seven-year-old war in Indochina by playing ball with Red China.
Clossihed eds .........
Form & Markets.......
Rodio * TV
Spanish Ship Rips Into London Bridge
leONDON. Jan. 27 F-The Spanish cruise liner Monte Urquila ripped free from her tug escort in the gale-lashed river Thames tonight and crashed broadside into ! historic London Bridge, i Chunks of masonry from the old ! stone-built bridge fell on the liner's decks and pedestrians ran in fear the bridge was falling down.
-As the 7,Ti3-ton ship continued to buffet the bridge, police stopped traffic across it. The Thames was closed to traffic.
The bridge withstood the buffeting and 24 hours later the .Monte Urquila was pulled free by seven tugs and returned to her dock.
get better treatment for himself.
Eisenhower said sympathy will be used in the cases of those who made germ warfare confessions under Communist pressure. The Marine Corps has ordered an in-
who said he signed such a confession while he was held and toi> tured as a prisoner but repudiated it after he was repatriated.
But the President said he concurred in the decision to give dishonorable discharges to 21 U. S. service men captured by the Communists who refused to return to American custody.
DRINKS MIXED; TROUBLE BREWS
Coffee prices must be skyrocketing!
When arrested Wednesday for investigation of shoplifting and drunkenness, a ^year-old -Abilene man had tw-o pounds of coffee *n his possession.
The coffee had been reported taken from a grocery storo near where the arrest took place, eity police said.
Opens Probe Coffee Prices
“On Jan. U they started a preliminary investigation to see what
“Of course, the commission wHl maintain liaison with the Depert-
”No international agreement oth- . the high price of coffee is due to er than a treaty .shall become ef- ^ spexnilation and monotxily.
W ASHINGTON. Jan 27 .F-The Federal Trade Commission, with
t^b, bl...Mng of Pn-sKK-nt I w,, m,%r<H.bir.hiu't coWprlce^'' m
ho»er lod.y l.unchod . ,h„ ..ou,„ry," E|„„ho»er ».id, ------------
inve.stigation to find out whether
i FTC Chairman Edward F. How-••ind they discovorod .nooih th.t ,h, comrrl.-
they t ought a full-scale investiga- ‘ ^
Warmer Weather Forecast Here
The Abilene area is due to have slightly warmer weather Thursday than what it has had for the past few days, the I S Weather Bureau at Municipal Airport predicted
The aun ia expected to break out Thursday afternoon as clouds dlsalpate eomewhat. A low of 40 degrwea waa forecaat (or Thure-day night by the weatherman.
Two Senate committees also .said they also are ItHiking into the situa-^ tion w hich has put retail coffee price.s above $1 a ixjund and threatens even higher prices ... -
But there was no immediate In- 1 trading in coffee futures on the dication the price would come back i t'oiie« and augar exchange is redown. Trade sources have insisted **Dcted to certain types of coffee, there just isn’t enough coffee to ‘ domestic coffee prices
tion was ino.cated, and la going to take place.
“Now the chairman said that the commission wUl give particular attention to the charge that domestic
mt'et the demand Tiie supplj* shortage, not speculation, has brought on the increa.se, they said.
PiTsident FIsenhower brought up the subject of coffee near the start 'of hit news conference, and the White House later authorized direct quotation of hta remarks aa-nounclng the F'PC study.
are tied in in some ways to the exchange price ”
“What it all means and it comes down to.” the President aummar-Ued. “is that Uiey are going to try to determine whether, (tret, whether the law has been violated and, •econdly, to pubUah all the faeta in an eeooomle report.
sion has reason to believe the price rises ’may have resulted from unfair methods of competition and monopolistic practices.”
Chairman Capehart R-iiid> aald the S nate Ranking Committee may take up tomorrow a resolution directing it to investigate the price increases Capehart. who vi.xitcd Brazil on a recent trip, said he understood toe coffee ahurtagr re-suited frov a drought and a frost in Brazil in the last two years. But he added:
“If there's a thortage and a few fellows have control and art making it wore«, that's a different story."Big Golden Cloves Tourney Opens Tonight at 7