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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 27, 1954, Abilene, Texas COOL VOL. LXXIII, No. 225 ^iifliene J^porter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKEFCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" — Byron MDRNIIVG Assaciatfid Pres$ ÍAP) ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 27, 1954—TWENTY PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c. SUNDAY 10« Reds Agree to Accept 21 Balky Americans Red Cross Workers To Take Custody PANMUNJOM, Wednesday, Jan. 27 HP)—The Communists agreed conditionally today to accept 21 captured American soldiers who renounced their homeland at a news conference and asked to live as “free men” under Red rule. By radio, Red China and North Korea said they had granted a request of Communist Red Cross workers to take custody tomorrow of the 21 American, one Briton and 325 South Korean prisoners and help them obtain “the right of residence.” RECALCITRANT AMERICANS GRANT INTERVIEWS—This was the general scene as 21 American prisoners of war who rejected repatriation in favor of Communism marched out of their compound at Panmunjom toward the peace hut where they granted interviews to American newspapermen. They carr>^ Communist flags and peace banners. This picture was made by George Sweers, Associated Press Staff Photographer. U.S. Scathingly Refuses To Make Red China Big 5 BKRLIN, Jan. 26 J’-The United State.s scathiiiiily refused today to •crept Red China in a Big Five conference on world problems as propo.sed by Soviet Russia. Secretary of State Dulle.s told the Big Four Berlin conference:; •The United States will not agree to join in a five-power con- j ference with the Chinese Commu- ( ni-st aggressors for the purpo>e of dealing generally with the peace of the world.*' The United Slates refuses, he said, “not because it denies that the regime exists or that it has povt er . .. we do not refuse to deal with it where occasion requires. “We deal with it today at Pan-tnunjom in our efforts to bring about a Korean peace conference. It is one thing, however, to recog-nire evil as a fact, it is another thing to take evil to one’s breast and call it good." Molotov Unshaken Unshaken by the rebuff. Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav M. Molotov .submitted a written motion to the three Western minl.sters that the conference with China be held in May or Juno. Dulles hurled back the charges of menacing world peace which the jut-jawed Russian made •gainst the U.S. government at the opening session yesterday. But Dulles and French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault. temporary chairman, led the West In accepting Molotov’s agenda—with discussion of a Big Five conference ¡ the top point. They did .so in order “not to waste time” Together with Britain’s .\nthony Kden, they had agreed over a , luncheon table ttMlay to a'.cit a long word batMe aiiout the conference work .schedule by letting Molotov talk on China first, then get on to their own objectives-Germany's unification and Austria’s independence.    ! Dulles Hurls Charges Condeming Red China for flagrant aggression in Korea and accusing it of actively promoting ag-grc.ssion in Indochina. Dulles said the Soviet Union chose “this convicted aggressor” as a companion in its quest fiu' iH'ace. Dulles contended that Russia's Big Five proposal revealed a belief that "any so-called 'five great powers* have a right to rule the world and to determine the destinies of other nations.” He rejected this as violating ‘‘principles of justice and fair dealing.” -•kfter Dulles read his 20-minute address. Molotov retorted that the U.N. decision branding of Red China as an aggressor in Korea "did no honor to the U.N.” Dulles lashed into Russia for trying to brand {xistwar Germany worst fire hazard,” the .American said. He said    the Allies'    “cruel decisions” at    Yalta in 1945 for dis memberment of Germany came in the heat of war and Molotov, by attempting to enforce them now, was "evoking the spirit of vengeance and of hatred.” Stoutly defending a proposed six-nation European army including "with the stigma of Cain” and re- German troops. Dulles said that vive    French-German    hate.    Molotov’s    "professed    fears” It “Surely    statesmanship can do would be    dominated    by German better than to recreate the world’s»mifttarlsift werts gftnitidless. RAIN GOES EAST Norther Loses Ambition, Idles •\ norther that blew into Abilene Tuesday morning, di*opping temperatures 28 degrees between 7 30 a.m. and noon, had sctllinl down and lost its bluster by Tuesday night. Chances for precipitation, present earlier, were gone by mid-aftemoon, the U. S. Weather Bu-luea here said. Cold air remained here Tuesday $13,884 Paid Inlo Polio Fund; More Pledged Slale Okays U.S. 80 Work The Highway Conunission in Austin approved consti”uctlon of asphalt surfacing of 36.1 miles on U. S. Highway 80 betwiHMi .Vbilonc and the Ka'Uand County line Tuesday. J C Kobert.s, di.strict highway engineer here, said Tuesday night and he had made a reijue.st for the e.stlmated 1.330,000 project to the commission last Friday. Rolierts said he had ri'ccived no official notification as .vet but His | lene’s downtown area Saturday and request called for permanent toy>-^ a benefit dance at the Abilene Couii-ping to be applied on I’. S. 80 from try Club. Cedar Creek east of Abilene to the Collections from Abilene public Ea.stlaiui County line, a di.^tance j schools and tc.st tubes scat-of 36.1 miles.    I    teied    over    the city have not The di.strict engineer explained that tae present .xurfaee i.s of a temporary nature and said he e\-iOur^goal of $45,0(W^thIs yr*C pected the offlcal okay fiom Au.v ' tin Wednesday or Thursday by letter. Tny' • County’s March of Dimes campaign vs as still lagging Tuesday night despite uplifts from two spt'clal events this week. Only 513,884,1.5 had iH'cn deiwsit-ed to the National Foundation of Infantile Paralysis account, Fred Lyhranil, treasurer of the drive, reiHirted. Dr. W. T. Walton, campaign chairman, was quick to point out the Incompleteness of the figures, however. Collections from the KRBC-TV telethon .Naturda.v' tin which over $6.000 was pledged' are ju.st getting well underway. Walton said, and other fund-raising plans are yet to come although the drive ends this week .\bileiie High .SehiHil’s 52-50 victory over the .8an Angelo Bobcats Tuesday night pushed the unofficial total $1.575,60 higlH'r. Pre-game pledges in the ‘Points for Polio ” drive had totaled $30 30 per jHunt .scored by the .Vhllene team to be contributed to the Dimes drive. See sjMUts p.ige for details*. Dther activities this week include the Mother s March on Polio at 7 p in. Friday, the roadhliH-k in .\hi- night, but drx warm air aloft from the west had dissipated clouds. Skies cleared up at 2:20 p.m. Temperatures dropped from 63 degrees at 7:30 a.m. to 35 degrees at noon and then climbed back to 47 degrees about 5 p m. The highest temperature for the day. however, was 63 degrees. TThe weather bureau said temperatures would climb to near 60 degrees Wednesday and the low Wednesday night would be near 40. High Thursday in the upper 60s Is anticipated Snubs Panhandl* The norther more or les.s .snub-lK*d the Panhandle, swished into Wichita Falls and raced southeastward. It began to bog down just north of Waco and Tuesday night it was just north of .\ustin and not expected to go much farther. Earlier predictions by the Dallas Weather Bureau for Icy rains and freezing drizzle in the northern half of the state for Tuesday night faded. What rain fell occurred in Northeast and East Texas and a little in North Texas. l.ate Tuesday night the norther stretched eastward to Texarkana and Tyler, down almost to Austin and westward to San Angelo, Big Spring and .\marUto. The norther had an icy edge. At Wichita Falls the temi>erature dropped from 66 to 28 in three hours and freezing rainfell. The norther hit Denison at 9 30 a.m. and knocked the temperature from 67 to 40 bv 10 a.m. It hit Fort Worth at 11,50 a m. and slid the mercury from 74 to 54 in five minutes It hit Dalla.s at 12 12 p m. and dropped temperaturt'.s 30 degrees in an hour. At 5 p m. it stretched ea.stwanl almost to Texarkana, where rain was falling, down to Wa-CO. westward to San Angelo, almost to Lubbock and encompassed Dal-hart and Amarillo in the Panhandle. But it had lo.st momentum and It fierceness. Widely-scattered thundershowers were forecast for the southern part of Texas Tuesday night and along the coast Wediic.sd.xy morning. ^ffornev Resigns AUSTIN, Jan. 26 T Kerns Tay- But the broadcasts said the Communi.sts still believed the ultimate fate of such war prisoners must be passed on at a future Korean peace con ference “or at any other related international confer ences.” A spokesman for Indian custodial forces said a letter from the Red side, presumably embodying the Communist plan, was delivered last night at Panmunjom. He added that Indian officials probably would permit the Communist Red Cross workers to enter the unlocked pro-Red camp in the neutral zone and escort the 347 prisoners north. The Red side acted quickly after the prisoners held an unexpected news conference yesterday for a few’ Western newsmen in the neu tral zone “peace pagoda’* where the armistice was signed. One by one, the American prisoners said they felt they could not work for peace in the United States, fearing persecution, but hoped to return some day when the atmosphere had changed. Object to McCarthy Sixteen of the 21 singled out as their chief objection “.McCarthy ism”—a reference to the Communist investigations of Sen. McCarthy <R-Wis). A tM>lcal comment w’as that of Pfc. Lowell O. Skinner, of Akron, Ohio: *    - • ■    - "It is impossible under the present United States government, burdened with its McCarthys, to speak out for peace without being thrown in prison or at the very least losing your job.” Allied observers, noting that the statements fitted into a Communist pattern, regarded both the news conference and the quick Communist response as a Red face-saving scheme to get out of an awkward situation. The 347 prisoners have been virtually men without a country since Jan. 23, On that date, the U. N. Command set free 22.000 anti-Red prisoners. The last of more than 14,000 anti-Red Chinese were due in Formo.sa today. The 7,500 North Koreans were sent to South Korea. Families Have Mixed Reaclion Grand Jury Free to Ad, Parr Asserts ALICE. Jan, 26 Political boss George Parr said today it’s up to the Jim Wells County grand jury whether any action is taken as a result of his courthouse scuffle with a Texas Ranger, “As far as I’m concerned, it was over as soon as it happened,” Parr said. “If they (the grand jury) want to do anything it’s up to them. I didn’t come over here of my own accord you know.” Parr and Juan Barrera were called in for questioning by the grand jury today. Parr was with the jurors 40 minutes. Parr and Barrera are free on $1,500 bond each on a charge of illegally carrying a gun. Manuel Marroquin accused the two of packing pistols near a meeting of the Freedom party Jan. 16. The meeting of Parr’s Duval County political opposition was held near the county seat of San Diego, biit ^aside Jinj Wells County. Parr and his nephew, Archer Parr, sheriff of Duval County, got in a courthouse scuffle with Rangers Capt. -Alfred AJlee and Joe Bridge. Parr’s left ear was bloodied slightly. It appeared to have healed. DO-N’T WANT TO GO HOME—Here are four of the 21 Americans who marched to the peace hut at Panmunjom and said they wanted to remain with the Communists. Left to right, they are: Cpl. William Cowart, Monticello, Ark.; Sgt. Andrew Fortuna, Ionia, Mich.; Cpl. Lowell Skinner, Akron, 0.; and Sgt. Lowie Griggs of Jacksonville, Tex., with their dog mascot. Wording on the dog’s coat reads: “Unexplained to.” (AP Wirephoto via radio from Toyko) STUMBLE AND FALTER ON DETAILS Scribe Gets Identical Answers From 21 PWs, Turned Commies “It will t.ikc th.it cxtia bit fiOiiiilur of XuMln ■ ,xid tinlav he is re-every citi/.ui if we are to reach si>;ning as assirt.iiif U S, dl.stri» t he .said. Donation.s in 19.'>3 totaled $39,-OOt). The drive ends Jan. 31. atuirucy for the We.sterii District of Texas Feb. 14 He said he has a “iH'tter opportunity In private employment.” By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Three Texans who decided to stay with Communist captors in Korea told w'hy Tuesday. Their families had mixed reaction. ‘ No comment right now,” said a kinsman of St Howard Adams of Corsicana. “I don’t think he is any Communist,” said .Mrs. Ben Howard, foster mother of .Sgt. Rufus Douglas of Texon and San .\ngelo. The third Texan is Pfc. Lewis Griggs of Neches. Thl.s is what the Texans said in an interview ; ‘ Adam.s; "Like the rest. I am determined to fight for peace but I cannot fight for j>eace where there Is no freedom of speech. That Is what exists in the Uniteil States totlay under the McCarthys.” Grigg.s: “My reason is very simple. No one can speak up for pt'ace in a nation whc’-e the government Is run by men like McCarthy, .Mc-Carran and Smith” INniglas “1 want to fight for world peace, loo. but it is not possible in the United States. That was proven by what happened to Dickenson *Cpl. Edward Dickenson of Cracker’s Neck, Va * and probubly what will happi>en to Batchelor tUpl. t'laudc Batchelor of Kermit, Tex., who like Dickenson refused to come home and then changed his mind'. Me were as-1 sured that no charges would be | pi c*ed against us if we returned I but what alHJUt Dickenson" Now he { is being court martialed and faces lieath or Ilf# imprisonment. Peace I in the U S. today is put on trial | becau.se the men who fight for it | are on trial.” Mrs, Howard, Douglas* aunt, adopted him when he was 11 when his mother died It doe.sn’t sound like him to me.” she said. Secretary Wilson Says Dishonorable Discharge Is Just WASHLNGTON. Jan. 26 IF—Secretary' of Defense Wilson said today that divShonorable discharges were a "just sentence” and the least that should happen" to the 21 Americans who refused to come home from Communist captivity in Korea. Wilson told a Pentagon news conference he took full responsibility for ordering the .Army to discharge the men dishonorably, he added he did not think anyone could “judge .Americans by 21 men who got so deluded that they disgraced their countrv'. ’ He said the dishonorable discharge w as a “punishment’’ for the men's failure to come back and said it was none too harsh considering “all of the hundreds of thousands who bled and the many* who died in Korea.” On another prisoner of w ar issue, the .secretary announced that Cpl. Edward Dickenson, who changed his mind about staying with the Communists, would undergo a pretrial investigation this week on the court-m a r t i a 1 charges filed against him. THE WEATHER By FORREST EDWARDS PANMUNJOM. Wednesday, Jan. 27 lP—Twenty-one captured .Americans who have refused to return home paraded out of their unlocked stockade yesterday for a news conference Their words appeared as regimented as their marching formation. The news conference at w'Kich they denounced conditions in the United States and asked to return to the Communists was arranged through the Indian command as custodian in the neutral rone where the stockade lies. Talks to 20 Americans .As one of two .American reporters to attend the press conference. I personally talked to 20 oi the 21 .Americans and the one British prisoner of war. .Andrew Condron. To each I put the same question: “Why did you decide not to go home.’” I got 21 almost identical answers. They were staying because they wanted to be “peace fighters.” They could not be “peace fighters” in their homeland because they would be “peraecuied,” “suppressed” or “silenced.” Sixteen of the 20 .Americans used the word “McCarthy” or “McCar-thyism,” sometimes in identical tonal inflection. Yet they stumbled, faltered, re mained silent or repeated themselves W’hen asked for further details. The onl.v .American not interviewed was Cpl. Otho G. Bell, Olympia. Wash., who \%as overlooked by correspondents in the confusion. To Be ‘Free Men» Sgt. Richard G. Corden of East Providence, R. L, read the general statement asking a return to communism as “free men.” Later Corden told me he was “hopeful” the Communists would agree, and somewhat iater a Peip- NEWS INDEX SICTION A Women's News Po§e 4 Oil News ......... S Sports .    . .    10, 11 SECTION B Edttoriois ......-    Pet«    2 Comics .      3 Classified Ads ....    5.    6, 7 Perm li Rpnch News .....7 Markets      7 Redto & TV Logs .......t ing radio announcement said they had—with a few variations. When we reached the prisoner compound, the Americans, the Briton and the 325 South Koreans began singing and falling into pa-ratto formation. The Americans marched jauntily. They laughed and called to one another. All carried flags, peace banners, slogans, or peace doves made of cotton. AH appeared in good spirits and health. The 20 .Americans told me later they were in sound health and were receiving good care. Oklahoma Approves 3 New Turnpikes OKLAHOMA CITY', Jan. 26 .A 150 mUiion dollar toll road program linking Oklahoma with Texas and two other states was voted today. With only 457 precincts of 3.375 unreported, the proposal for three new turnpikes led by 26.957 votes. The precincts out were scattered. Gov. Johnston Murray, who supported the proposed 309 miles of toll roads thro^h the bitter, yearlong fight, said he will name a majority of the new’ turnpike authority tomorrow so it can begin work immediately. 2 MEN IN GREEN AUTO SOUGHT Moran Woman Kidnaped After Stopping to Offer Aid About two miles out on the highway the man turned off on a dirt road and headed west. Mrs. MOR.AN, Jan. 26. (RNS) — Stopping to help two apparently stranded motorists didn't pay off Mon-, day for Mrs. Jack Moore, about Moore had noticed before the turn-45. of Moran.    ! off that the other man in the Mrs. Mix>re told this stor> Tues-i supposedly - stalled auto w as fol-day to the Reporter-News Moran i lowing close behind. After travel- Mrs. C. C.    Cady.! ing down the    dirt    road    for    about cense plate, m. Monday    Mrs.! a mile,    the man    stopped the car) Mrs. Moore    then got back into a and the    other    car    pulled    up    along-' her car and    attempted    to    turn I iriend. Mrs. l>oa Hallmark,    who side    I around but got stuck in    a    deep »n.i *^T^.urU*y    PxnLfciuiu    \nd    '    on    the    cemetery road east! Mrs. Moore was told to get out , ditch on the >ide of the road. r. ». nrrvRTMKNT ok roMviiracE wr VTHFR HI RI SI ABILENE AND VtCl\ITY - Cloudr and riK>:    W>,^n«»d*,v    morning,    P»rilv f’a'udv W'»dn<*>d»y and Thuridâj High ii-intxratur« Wecr.rsdav near #0 de L.n Wedn.'»d*> d»v In th«> upiw. —.    i    .    ,    . No th Cent!*1 T«\«î> C.er.eraUy f»lr Wed-i Moore was Oil her way to Visit :»y *na inurictgy Hign ;    ....... »cr.fsdav neer #0 dejiee' ; correspondent. rr’lÄ    3    p. already a cripple.” Mrs. Moore is partiaU>* crippled from arthriti.s. She was left unharmed and the two men sped away west toward Itotnam in their late model green automobile bearing a Louisiana 11- of .Moran. When Mrs. Moore was of the car and the two men took. She t.hen got out and began walk ^ SouUi Plain* Thu- i and*Tii/rliiy i‘sd«r    i    about    a    müc    east    of    Moran,    she' her purse. Finding no money in i mg and > elling. noruirt.v aind* toa^t btcomlr.g mod-j «rat« ncrUiia»« Thur»day. I SU>uth C#ntra! Texa» Partlv cloudv J W>dr.«*dav and Thur*day Cv'o:«r W>an«»-I dav Modfiat« tv> frfib s.iutn«r.y atnd* on coa«t Ahiftirs t. rotili*!;' Tt.wri R.ATI RES Ta«* (d A M. îtiur* day T»«», e M. 3« t .10 «1    ..    3 30    4d .....3 .ta....... as K3....... 4    50       41 gj .......    9 50    ,      a «5    •    JO    , , . ....... 4.5 «1    .......... 3 30    ......    41 4*    ..    . . .    • .30 ......  .    .    3i 4j    *30..... ?• :»    10 ae ....... »a    ..    n »0 U Xl High and U'w t«mi>«ralur«g for 34-hdari tmtirg at Í 30 p m Wl and 35 Htgh and Urn t«mt*«raturft »am« da!« U»i >«ar to and 49 Sun*«t U»l mg hi »30 pm . »uixn« t,'-d*.» at t 3# a m : »un»«l tPRtght g 04 pm nais'matvr rvadlng at » 3# p m >f 3A R«!altra humidity at 1.30 pm Ü p«r c«nl noiiced an automobile Slopped with her purse they .searchevi her and;    Her calls    were    heard by Chip the hood up and two men who still were unsuccessful    in finding j    Wood, who    lived    nearby. Wood appeared to be plagued w ith en- money.    I    carried her    to .Moran where »he glne trouble.    I The two uumi began    to argue [    was treated    for    shock and ner- ' She stopi>ed and one of the men j among tht'mselves as    lo what j    vousness. approached her auto and asked it they .should do w ith Mrs. Moore. Shackelford Count.v Sheriff Jack One of them wanted to knock heriMoberly was c;iHed from Albany, out but the other one who had'Moberly said Tue.sday night that foUowett m the other auto said, he and AUtert Grt*y of Moran were she would drive him back to Moran to a garage. The man walked artnind the car to the driver’s side *Nt3 use to knock her out. .she’s where Mrs. Moiwe was sitting and told her to move over. He got un- - der the wheel, turiuHt the luto: HAVE YOU PAID around, and headed back toward._ , „    — . M r,„    j    YOUR    POLL    TAX? W hen they got to Moran, the    ..................... middlc-agetl man didn’t stop but, drove through Moran and on toward Cisco on U S. Highway 380. Not a word wa* spoken after the man got in the car, .Mrs. Moore said. or Polls Paid Tuesday Poll* Paid to D.Hte , Polls Paki Last Year Pi>lls Paki In 1952    . Days before deadline unable to locate the two men the described autmnobUe. The sheriff reported a nuniboe of persons had noticed the car In the Moran area a couple daye before. It was believed to be a 1949 or 1950 Ford. .Moherly said * Mrs. Moore wa.s not too sure alvo it the motlel or make, but »he did know it was green and had 18,090 l/3ulsiana license tJates,” the »her 4 4ff said. 433 6.154 7.093Only 4 Days Left to Pay Poll Tax--Deadline Saturday ;