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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 26, 1954, Abilene, Texas COLDER VOL. LXXII1, No. 224 ®fit Abilene Reporter "WITHOLJT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" — Byron MORNING A »sociated Pres» (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 26, 1954—SIXTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c U.S. Action Brewing in Coffee Case WASHINGTON. Jan. 25 'ffl—Talk of a housewives’ boycott against skyrocketing coffee prices developed today as Sen. Gillette urged multiple federal action to bring the brew down to earth again. Gillette denounced recent price rises as stemming from ‘gambling and speculative’’ coups and he told the Senate the situation is “inexcusable . . . rapidly approaching the intolerable." The Iqwa senator called for a five-way attack by federal agencies. including possible action under U.S. anti-trust laws and legislation by Congress to put a tax bite on foreign coffee traders operating in this country. Trade Restrictions Specifically. Gillette said Atty. Gen. Brownell should seek injunctions against certain contracts on the New York coffee and sugar exchange as being ‘‘unduly restrictive of trade in coffee.” Brownell told newsmen last week ho had already asked the Justice Department's anti-trust division to look into complaints that the price of coffee was going out of bounds. In New York, coffee industry leaders complained they have been caught in a price squeeze — just like consumers — and gave impetus to talk of a housewives’ revolt by suggesting the obvious remedy: drink less coffee. Otherwise, they said, coffee prices will probably jump to as much as $1.20 a pound in a month. Top brands were selling for $1.10 in New York City. In some cities, the brew was reported commanding 15 cents a cup. James M. O’Connor, president of the National Coffee Assn., blamed it all on ‘‘the high price of green coffee from Brazil,” which supplies about half the world's coffee. Cost Has Risen O’Connor said the cost of Brazilian coffee delivered in New’ York had risen from about 55 cents a pound last Dec. 1 to around 75 cents now. He said Brazil experienced a frost last July and a dry spell the year before, resulting in a “tight supply” situation. Industry spokesmen said they see no prospect of curbing the upward price trend for perhaps two years — until the Brazilian shortage eases — if U.S. consumption continues at its present level. In Washington, red-hot letters from angry coffee drinkers continued to bulge the mail sacks of the nation's lawmakers. Among others. Sens. Gillette, Beall <R-Md) and Aiken <R-Vt> were studying methods to bring prices down to normal. One Irate letter suggested: “stage another Boston Tea Party’* - with coffee as the target this time. Ike Asks Overhaul Of Housing Program Unborn Baby Dies as Mother Critically Hurt STAMFORD. Jan. 25 (RNS) — A 21-year-old expectant Avoca mother was critically injured Monday afternoon and her unborn baby was delivered dead after the car she was driving went out of control and struck a bridge abutment between Lueders and Avoca. Injured was M r s. Marvin Raney, who lives it the Hum-ole Camp near Avoca. She wras injured when she lost control of the car as she her 18-old son, cookie. MRS. HANEY The child was thrown to the pavement when the car hit the bridge abutment but suffered only cuts and bruises. The mother was taken to Stamford Sanitarium Monday afternoon by ambulance and underwent extensive surgery to correct severe abdomial and chest injuries, a hospital spokesman said Monday night. She gave birth to the child also. Birth of the stillborn infant would normally have taken place sometime in March, the spokesman said. Mrs. Haney’s condition, though critical, was said Monday night to be “satisfactory.” Mrs. Haney, who w’as Reba Prince until her marriage July 14, 1951, was on route at the time of her accident to visit her parents, Mr. andHlrs. Chester Prince of Lueders. Mrs. Haney’s husband, Marvin, is an employe of the Humble company at Avoca. Hopes for Settlement Battered by Molotov . ; nS handed '* ¿month - 2 Teachers Resign; Board Hires 3 Others Nevertheless he asked Congress *■ a    n i to earmark 950 million dollars for HAVE YOU PAID grants and loans to help cities renovate slums or eradicate them. YOUR POLL TAX? British Bomber Vanishes at Sea BARROW-IN-FURNESS, England, Tuesday. Jan. 26 iff»—A Royal WASHINGTON, Jan. 25 UP — i can best be made by full and ef-| Air Force bomber vanished early President Eisenhower today called j fective ultilization of our competi-l today after radioing that it was for an overhaul of the nation's tive economy with its vast re- j *n distress in a snowstorm and that housing program, putting chief re- sources for building and financing th€” 10 men aboard were preparing liance on private enterprise but homes for our people."    i 10 bale out at sea. asking 140.000 new public housing units in the next four years. In bis fifth special message to Congress. Eisenhower urged a “new and experimental” liberalization of federal mortgage insurance to help wipe out slums and make home ownership possible for millions. He stressed twin goals: “good housing in good neighborhoods” for all Americans; and a continued! “high level of housing construction ' as a bulwark of prosperity, j Against Federal Aid Though he asked for 55.000 subsidized dwellings a year, compared with 20.000 now permitted. F.isen- J hower spoke against any program that would “make our citizens increasingly dependent upon the fed eral government to supply their housing needs.” He declared; “We believe that needed progress Polls Paid Monday ........  480 Polls Paid to Date ..........5.671 Polls Paid Last Year ...... 7.093 Polls Paid in 1952 .......... 18.090 Days before deadline ........ 6 (old Weather Forecast Here Considerable cloudiness with a chance for rain or drizzle Tuesday In the Abilene area was forecast by the U. S. Weather Bureau at Municipal Airport. When the forecast was made at 10 30 Monday, a front extended Just inside of the northern Oklahoma border. The front had been moving southward about six hours, the weatherman said. The possible moisture was expected to fall Tuesday morning. A nigh temperature of 60 sometime after midnight was expected to be followed by a gradual lowering of the mercury. The weather was expected to turn colder by noon Tuesday, lowering to near freezing by late afternoon of the same day. Low for Tuesday night was expected to be about 25. The high Wednesday was expected to be in the 30s. THE WEATHER ®. s. DertiTMSNT or < hmmkri t. wi «finca at «<t «i ABlLrNK AND VIC1NITY OMU d»r-•hU cloudtHf»í witto chañe« for rain er <¡ r k * Tu!•*«•,*' . turnias toldar by noon Turt<1*y; (rmutrittirci lo»«rint to n»*r #;    hj    lat» aíttrnoo» Tu«*i¡*' . Vid* psrOy «Umriv and cottUQUtd coid: ln(h «arly Turailav «0: low T\i«*lajr ntght •b.iut xa hl*h w«dn«*daj tn na, NORTH CENTRAL TF XAS. Showcr», lunung mu oh toldar Turadav; W'«tintada v, partív rloudjr and rathtr cuta WKST TEXAS Hapld fallln* tempera-tur«» tn th« Panhartaia ».th low«ct ¡2 23 *« rurtday momia«; « f** iwtf flurrlea ai l murh coldrr ut th» l’anbandl* *nd SouUt I’laln* and ©loudv wlth «id«)« ac«t. t«r*d nhowi>r» «nd luniln* rolrtrr »!**» wh»r« Tu»adar; W«dn«»dajr. nartlv «toudjr, aHghily a *r¡ti*r in Panhandt« tn aftar* •non SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Cloudy *nd «ntid Tu**!«» w*lh *raU««»d #ho*rr», Wcd-n««day. parltv eloudy and colfl»r; t«r«d thund*raho«*ra n«ar th« coamt. fr«ah aonthrrly «inda on th« ©oaat ahift-tng U» fr«»h lo atronf northerly W'cda«»-day. TíwrKKATt RKS 21 Gis to Get« Dishonorable Discharges WASHINGTON, Jan. 25 Jt-The Defense Department today ordered the Army to give dishonorable discharges to the 21 Americans who refused to come home from Communist captivity in Korea. In announcing this action, Secretary Wilson said It would imme-! *»eniary - school children (grades diately end aU pav and allowances :1 through 6» will be asked whether for the individuals and eliminate j ^ likf th* Preseat “O”, ”S”, them from anv accumulated veter-! ani^ ^ report cards, an benefits.    That was decided Monday night «u * u , , . . i by a citizens’ committee after a J Í J rat»íeh*ad inst:“ct* I lively and lengthy discussion. Secretary of the Army Stev- Thorough studv of available ma-ens to review the case of any of the ! tel1als will ^ made in order t0 ac. -.1 who might at some future time curately predict the future growth n ~lirn ,, I n>ted Mates.    0f Abiiene’s scholastic pop- The defense chief said that after ulation and the types and loca-such a review the status of any : uons of needed future buildings, of the individuáis ccLld be | This decision came from another Abilene School Board accepted the resignations of two teachers and elected three new ones Monday afternoon. Leaving the system are Brooks Allen, mathematics teacher and assistant coach at North Junior High School, who will work for a drilling company; and Mrs. Freda-lyn Everett, fourth grade teacher in College Heights School. Mrs. Everett is to join her husband. who is stationed in San Antonio in the military service. Elected were Mrs. Dorothy Glea-ton of Abilene, added to the faculty of Fannin School to form an extra section of sixth graders; Mrs. Esme Glenn of Abilene, to take Mrs. Everett’s place in College Heights; and Charles P. Olson of Overton, who will succeed Allen at North Junior. Mrs. Gleaton has a B. A. degree from Daniel Baker College. Brown-wood, and has taught one and one-half years in the sixth grade at Coleman Junior High School. Mrs. Glenn has a B. S. degree from the LTniversity of Texas. She taught one year at Robert E. Lee School in Austin, teaching language arts in the fourth grade and art in the third through sixth grades, and taught two months of sixth grade in McKinley School at Salem. Ore. Olson comes here from the position of eduational director at the First Baptist Church at Overton. He taught high school math and coached one and one-half years at Seagraves and two years at Overton. Supt. A. E. Wells showed a letter from the Texas Education Agency, saying Abilene High School has been re-elected without reservation to membership in the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. No Concessions Hinted at Talks BERLIN, Jan. 25 (IP)—Russia’s V. M. Molotov fired his heaviest propaganda guns at the United States in the opening I session of the Big Four foreign ministers conference today and battered Western hopes for a European settlement with the Kremlin. Offering no concessions, the Soviet foreign minister lashed American policy from the Yalu to the Rhine, as endangering world peace. In 44 minutes, BUILDING NEEDS PROBED Report Card Panel Will Quiz Parents All parents and teachers of ele- changed by administrative action of the Army. The Army plan was simply to give them “undesirable” discharges - an acUon considerably short of dishonorable discharge citizens’ committee Monday night. The two groups organized and got down to serious work immediately after a dinner meeting with the Abilene School Board, in the Fair Park School cafeteria. They Molotov spoke nearly 5,000 words of oft heard charges. The Russian attack followed opening addresses by France’s Georges Bidault and Britain’s Anthony Eden in which they: 1. Urged Russia to agree to start reunification of Germany with free elections. 2. Refused to consider any abandonment of the Atlantic defense system or European army with German manpower, regardless of Soviet fears. 3. Called for the immediate granting of Austria’s independence, now nine years overdue. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, who presided over the initial session, postponed his own address until tomorrow so he could revise it to answer Molotov's assault directly. "The problem now is to get the conference back on the tracks of its main purpose—Germany and Austria,” Dulles remarked to aides later. The meeting lasted 3 hours 53 minutes in the gray-stone Allied Control Authority Building in the American sector. Dulles frankly admitted-after Molotov stopped talking—that he wanted more time to think over his speech because of the Russian’s criticisms, which he described as not new but impossible to ignore. Molotov protested that it would “not be fair to the American delegation” if it alone stayed silent on a day when all the other powers had stated their case. The conference atmosphere by that time was down to the near-zero chill prevalent outside in snow’y, wind-whipped Berlin. The Russian diplomat pounded these points: 1. American military bases abroad are purposely designed to menace the Soviet Union but are “doomed to inevitable failure." 2. The United States is to blame for Red China being denied its “law'ful rights’* in the world, in- 21 American 61s Ask Reds to Take Them as 'Free Men' BULLETIN PANMUJOM, Tuesday, Jan. 26. !ff> — Twentv-one American prisoners of the Korean War who renounced their homeland today said they were asking the Communists to take them back as “free men.” The POWs now are stranded in the Korean neutral zone, unwilling to come back to the Allied side and barred by the Communists. One Briton and 325 South Koreans joined them in their appeal, made at a dramatic news conference in the Communist “peace Pogoda” at Panmunjom. All 347 captives marched from their camp in the Korean neutral zone to Panmunjom for the news conference. In a prepared statement the POWs defended the Communists for refusing to take them back when India relinquished its neutral custody at midnight last Friday. HEMINGWAYS REPORTED SAFE—Novelist Ernest Hemingway and his wife, above, were feared to have perished in the crash of a charter plane in northwest Uganda. Africa, but were found only slightly injured. They later boarded a rescue plane but this plane also crashed—and again they survived. The couple are shown as they arrived in New York in 1950. NO HEROISM, NO HARDSHIP Hemingway Fine But Wife's Ribs Cracked After 2 Crashes tion of a great second worli mar ket by Russia. 5. The United States is backing unrepentant German militarists who are already planning “aggression and revenge” in Europe. Mop A. M X« ... M ..... M ..... A3 ...... SS ..... M ..... I« ..... N ..... « ....... «I  ..... , 1 so  ......... , I SO ........... ,, I so .......... ,.    4    .10    ......... A 10  ..... • SO .......... . 1 so ........... , « *0  .. ., »SO........ . IO N ......... . 10 SO ............ m    u io High and ln« temperatura» for »4 hour* ending *t O JO i», m 3« *n(t At High and Io« t«mp*ratur«i »Amt «ti k)»i >•«»)    73 am) IS tuoa«t laal night CM» m : toarte« *" dar 7 Sí a ni ;    WOlfflt • OS P |n* 4arom«t*r «aadtn* at • SO ». m n il. R«latht Xuroktlt» at 0:10 p. m. S\ par fant San Angelo Marine's Murder Trial Opens had been appointed recently by the board to survey the respetive matters — reporting methods and futune building needs — and to advise the trustees what to do. Only One Absent Every member of both committees turned out for the dinner and the first business meeting except one. Mrs. W. J. Fulwiler, Jr., of the report card panel, was unaviod-ably absent. Questionnaries will be submitted to the parents and teachers of elementary - school children for the purpose of learning whether a majority favors the present elementary report card and what it wishes. The response will be studied by the report card committee in deciding its own recommendation to the School Board. Paul McCarty is chairman of the report card committee. Bob Kennedy ws« elected Monday night as its vice cnatrman. and Mrs. Stanley E. Smith recording secretary. McCarthy appointed as a subcommittee to prepare a suggested questionnaire for all elementary teachers and to submit it back to the whole committee Mrs. Allen ! Baird, chairman; Charles Romine ! and Mrs. 1. M. Lambert. To Prepare Questionnaire He named as a sub-committee to prepare a questionnaire for elementary • school parents and to present it to the whole panel County Judge Reed lngalsbe, chairman; Mrs. Mason Altman and Mrs. Shelia Thornton. Next meeting of the entire report card committee was set for j Tuesday night. Feb. ?, in the West ! Texas Utilities Co. auditorium. The sub-panels were asked to have their report* ready by then. The committee is to tackle the t problem of reporting methods at all grade levels, but the panel j member* Monday night agreed    .......    ......    ».  . . among themselves that the He-1 Pr»llm“ia? plans for ¡vmodel- mentary - school cards (using “O’ '    J    a.    °uI0.1!*. "S’’ and “N*‘> are the onlv ones ENTEBBE. Uganda. Jan. 25 ff —Novelist Ernest Hemingway returned to civilization tonight with only slight cuts and burns to show for two plane crackups in the wild East African bush. But Mrs. Hemingway, his fourth wife, had two rib fractures and needed a rest. The Hemingway party arrived eluding the United Nations, as the j from a 125-mile motor trip over “only legal representative" of the jungle and mountain roads after Chinese people.    I spending the night near the Al- 3. The United States is res pons-; be rt Nile, tributary of the Victoria ible for “gross violation" of the Nile River. After the second Korean armistice agreement on crackup. all they had to worry prisoners of war.    about was the herds of elephants 4. The United States’ economic j and other unidentified wild beasts boycott of the Soviet sphere has | which howled around them and the seriously damaged international swarms of mosquitoes from the trade while failing to halt the crea- [ river. A camp fire kept the beasts and insects at bay. “I feel wonderful,” Hemingway said as he arrived, “but my wife has to rest as she has two cracked ribs. No Heroism j “There has been no heroism, no hardship, no lack of direction at f any time.” Coming from a man who has ; described death on    Italy’s World ! War I battlefields,    in the moun- _    _    f tains of civil war Spain, and in the SAN DIEGO,    Calif., Jan. 25 ff»-- j Chicago gang w ars,    that appeared A Texas Marine went on trial to-; to be a conservative account of his day before a general court martial latest real life adventure. all aboard had braced themselves for the shock. One wing broke into flames. Hemingway opened the door with his head and shoulder and suffered cuts on the head and slight burns. His wife and the other occupants left through the front of the plane and were not burned. Mrs. Hemingway’s ribs apparently were cracked when the plane swerved off the runway and into a plantation before catching fire. Hemingway and his wife, the former Mary Welsh, well-known magazine correspondent, are making a five-month safari through East Africa. Clutching Bananas Hemingway was clutching a bunch of bananas and a bottle of gin as he and his wife climbed painfully from their automobile here. The novelist's shirt was torn, his arm was swollen, and there was a big patch of adhesive tape on his head. He said the first crackup was caused when the sightseeing plan« dived to avoid a flight of ibises— black and white birds big enough to smash the pilot’s window. The party had to choose between landing on a sandspit in the river where several crocodiles lay basking or on an elephant track through the thick scrub growth, and they chose the scrub. They spent the night around the campfire surrounded by an elephant herd “attracted by my wife’s snor-ing.’* Luck 'Vtry Good* Asked about his luek. he said: “I think she is running very good.” He explained the trip was his wife’s Christmas present but added he plans to write a book about it. He said he will complete it after finding another plane. The Hemingways lost their gear when the second plane burned. on a charge of premediatated mur dor of a civilian gardncr. Pfc. L.C. Kemp of San Angelo allegedly shot the gardner Dec. 2 after an argument over respect to the national colors. Kemp has admitted shooting Irving Le Fever. 27, at the San Diego Marine recruit depot, where he was guarding brig prisoners. Kemp told an inquiry* he shouted at Lefever for not coming to attention during the raising of the colors. Kemp said Lefever advanced on him in a threatening manner. The first crackup occurred Saturday when the Hemingways were flying in a chartered sightseeing p’ane near Murchison Falls, noted Uganda beauty spot. Hemingway said the river was full of crocodiles and that when the plane got Killer Falls Before Bullets Of 4 Slate Highway Patrolmen TEXARKANA. Tex.. Jau. 25 J*— the kul were H.E. Ray and Lacy A man who went berserk and shot Thommason, both of Tyler, and his wife critically and killed a state G.O. Cooper and R.L. Dorough, highway patrolman was shot to bo h of Carthage. death tonight by four other highway patrolmen. He w as Jack Strachan. 54, of near irto trouble it was a choice be- > Simms, in southwest Bowie County, tween crashing In the river or the Strachan had been the object of bush.    a massive manhunt since critically Rod* Tourist Launch    wounding his estranged wife, Mrs. A tourist launch took the Hem- J Josephine Strachan, 44, and then ingway* and their pilot to Butiaba. shooting patrolman W.O. Hanna The second crackup came there ; dead w hen the latter came to ar* when another plane failed to ne- j rest him. gotiate a takeoff. Hemingway said State highway patrolmen tn on Remodeling of Courthouse To Create 12 More Offices CAK CLIMBS IIOl SE—Deputies examine the wreckage of an auto in Grand Rapids, Mich., that leaned up the con* crete porch and smashed into the side of John Dewey’s home, shoving the house six inches off the foundation. The car hit the side of the living room where Dewey, his wife and two sons had just left to go to bed. on which they have heard complaints, Romine, principal of Abilene High School, said numerical grades are given In high’school. Fannie Se* PARENTS, Pg. 3A, Col. 4 NEWS INDEX SICTION A Women’s mm    4,    S Sports .,    ,    ., . 6, 7 O.I      8 SECTION > Kd.toRol*    ......    2 C*mi*«      4 CU««iti*4 od»    S,    6 form A Mork*ts    .........    7 submitted to the Commissioners Court Monday afternoon would create space for about a dozen additional offices in the second story of what Is now the district courtroom. During a lengthy discussion between architects H. I^o Tucker and Paul T. Undberg revisions were made for the proposed changes and the architects requeste.! to redraw the plans in accordance with the revisions. County Judge Reed lngalsbe said that when the new plans are submitted members of the commissioners court and at least one of the architects will confer with the various officials in the courthouse to get their \iews on the suggested changes. No new construction or addition to the present building is contemplated. lngalsbe said the remodeling is to be held to revamping of office arrangements to make more efficient use of the space now available. Commissioners unanimously expressed themselves as opposed to issuing bonds or borrowing money to finance the modernization. The county’s permanent improvement fund, which had a balance of $37.-821.31 on Dec. 31, is to be used for thU purpose. Under Ttxas law this room and space for a library. Activities of the two dis trict courts which serve Taylor County frequently are slowed because the two courts must share the same courtroom. The plans as submitted Monday would create • smaller courtroom which could be used for court hearings or trial of divorce suits or other suits which do not attract large numbers of spertstors. This courtroom, according to present plans, would be located in the northwest corner of what is now known as the second I art of reinforcements called in to press the hunt, the four had been told by a Simms wife she had seen Strachan in trees about 200 yards from her home. The four advanced on the trees. When they were about 50 yards | away, the officer* said, Strachan arose from the clump, leveled a *¿2 caliber rifle, and fired once. AU four patrolmen returned the fire. Strachan fell and crawled away. Thommason advanced on ! him. found him propped up, hit back against a tree, stiU trying • to level the rifle. Thommason cut ; him dow n. Simms is about 32 mUes west of ) Texarkana. Searched Since Noon { The search for Strachan had been on since niKvn m the heavily-wooded ■ Sulphur River bottoms. An area five miles long, bordered on one side by Highway 67 and on the other side by the Cottonbelt Railroad, had been combed is the only type of expenditure for    building which it can be used. N*w Courtroom Due In addition to adding needed office space in the courthouse, two of the foremost needs which the remodeling will answer are the creation of a second district court- After the remodeling project the floor now' known as the basement! will be designated the first floor and the upper floors numbered la accordance with this. Abilene lawyers have for several COURTHOUSE, Pg. JA, Col. S FOR CONVENIENCE Reporter-News *ub»crti>*r$ con pay by th* w*ek. Morning, Evening and Sunday is only 30c a v,erk, Morning and Sunday or Evening ond Sunday i| only 35c a week - delivered by carrier boy in Abilene. If not convenient tor you to pay $2.15 or $ I 50 per month, pay your carrier by the week. He ha. receipts to conform. ;