Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 25, 1944, Abilene, Texas
WAR BOND SCORE 4th War Loan quota $3,245,000.00 Sales Monday 174,856.25
Ales this month 563,701.25
WIie lHtrilem Reporter
WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR TOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS GOES’-Bvron
VOL. LXIII, NO. 222.
A TEXAS NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 25, 1944 -TEN PAGES
Associated Prest (AP) United Prest (VI*J
PRICE FIVE CENTSVanks Are Half Way to Rome
Invasion Coast Takes Hammering
Yanks Down 21 Germans In Day Raid
^LONDON, Jan. 25.—(API-Thundering out across the English channel for the third successive day, strong formations of Allied bombers hammered the French coast from Dunkerque to Boulogne today as fine flying weather succeeded a windy and turbulent night.
Observers on the English coast “toited large groups of both bombers and fighters launched the new assaults shortly after dawn, and soon the raiders were shuttling back and fO’’th over the channel.
Twenty-one German planes m*cre destroyed yesterday in aerial battles which developed when escorted U. S. Flying Fortresses and Liberators braved bad weather to blast unspecified objectives in western Germany, a communique announced last night.
Nineteen of the Nazi ships were shot down by Thunderbolts, Lightnings and Mustang fighters and the others were bagged by the heavy bombers.
WThe weather was so unfavorable “at part of the bomber force which had been sent out was recalled.
The communique said two heavy bombers, one fighter-bomber and IO fighters were missing from the I day's operations, w-hich included Ai- j ’nd sweeps against the French in-TT.-ion coast. Mac 22d foray *»g|insV targets in this region in 25 days. Both American and British planes participated in these sweeps.
Three additional Nazi planes were shot down yesterday morn-(^ing by RAF Typhoon fighters off the Dutch coast, the communique said.
• * *
There was no announcement here concerning any Allied aerial activity over the contingent last night, but ihconfirmed Stockholm dispatches quoted the Budapest correspondent of the Swedish newspaper Morgon Tidningen as saying that planes flying toward Austria had dropped bombs at two places in western Hungry.
™ DNB the German news agency, said in a Berlin broadcast that Sofia was raided at noon yesterday and reported that a number of planes were downed by Nazi and Bulgarian fighters. Slight damage *^as caused to the city, DNB said.
Five Teen-Agers Leave for Navy
• Five 17-jear-old boys from this area went to Lubbock Monday for formal enlistment into the Navy and transfer to training stations.
filtering the Naval reserve were John Dayton Miller of Hawley, Alford England of Coleman, Donald Kinston Moore of Big Spring and Joe B Simmons Jr. of Monahans. Robert Edward Lee Jr. of Merkel entered the regular Navy.
Pay Your Poll Tax
ITALIAN PATRIOTS IN ROME CONTACT INVADERS
MADRID, Jan. 25—(UP)—Italian patriot groups near Rome have established radio contact with Allied invasion forces and are signaling the extent and direction of “frantic” German troop and materiel movements within the city, reports from German-held Italy said today.
The patriots, operating from hideouts in the city’s suburbs, were understood to have reported feverish German defense measures in the face of the
advancing Fifth army.
* * *
German Marshal Albert Kessel-ring, Italian sources said, hastily was transferring his headquarters from tile area of Frascati, IO miles
south of Rome’s center, to a point at a "safe distance" to the north. All German ammunition dumps and army reserve units also were being rushed out of the city to points of vantage northward, it was reported.
(Stockholm dispatches reported that three important bridges in the Rome area were destroyed by Italian Partisans aided by Allied parachute units.)
Italian reports said the Romans were making no effort to conceal their joy at the approach of the Americans and British despite stem repressive measures by German occupation authorities.
Excited groups several times drew’ out hidden firearms, reports said, but were dispersed quickly by blackshirt Fascist police. The city's German police garrison was understood to have requested a reinforcement of three battalions to quell incipient uprisings.
Authorities at the Vatical City are prepared to face “any eventualities” in the event Rome becomes a battle theater, reports said.
Pope Pius XII, who has rejected German suggestions that he leave the Vatican for a south German city, has been taking his customary daily walks in the Vatican gardens accompanied by Swiss guards, Italian sources said.
Soviets Sever Nazi Escape Line
QUARTER MILLION Of FOE CIRCLED NEAR LENINGRAD
LONDON, Jan. 25.——Russian forces have severed the principal German escape railway leading west from the Leningrad sector and today a Nazi army estimated to number 250,000 wtos facing possible entrapment by two Soviet armies south of Russia’s second city.
The Germans were being
Sen Van Nuys Of Indiana Dies
WASHINGTON. Jan. 25—ZP'— Senator Frederivk Van Nuys. 69-year-old chairman of the judiciary committee, died early today at his home near Vienna, Va., after a brief illness.
He had served in the semite since March 4. 1933. taking an active part
WAR AT A GLANCE
County goal ............ 15.000
Paid Monday .......... 240
Paid to date ............ 5,392
a 1.75 qualifies you to vote in
^ this year's elections.
Collector's office, Court House. Fain Pharmacy.
West Texas Utilities office. Branch post office at McMur-rv, Hardin-Simmons, and ACC.
in legislative | flairs and leading Democratic opp aition to some New Deal measures..
Last fall the Fudianan started a sweeping investigation of the liquor industry, introducing a resolution calling for a probe into the shortage of whisky and alleged monopoly of supply. His committee had scheduled a hearing in this investigation for today.
Frequently at odds with the administration, Van Nuys fought President Roosevelt's court reorganization plan in 1937 and was aligned against the administration on many other issues.
A heart attack was believed the cause of death.
The senator's only son, William, is a naval air corps lieutenant, sr *v-ing overseas.
herded west and southwest toward the Estonian border by Gen. Leonid A. Govorov’s Leningrad front forces and Gen. A.
K. A. Meretskov’s Volkhov army based on Novgorod, IOO miles to the south. Junction of these two armies, effected last week, forms a semi-circl® around the enemy which is constantly being squeezed tighter according to advices from Moscow.
Most telling blow against the elaborate Nazi communication and supply system below Leningrad was struck yesterday by Govorov s forces. They stormed down to cut the KrasnogvardeivSk-Narva trunk line near the village of Smolkovo, 40 miles southwest of Leningrad and 16 miles west-southwest of Krasnog-zardeisk. A Soviet communique said the Russians killed 1,500 Germans on the way and captured IO tanks. 27 guns and other valuable war material. Soviet vanguards were reported but two miles from Krasnog-
* * *
Further to the east other units of Govorov's army battled their way through 40 towns and villages, including historic Pushkin (Tsarkoye Selo) and Pavlovsk (Slutsk) important rail junctions 14 and 18 miles south of Leningrad. Eight hundred Nazis were slain iii this drive, said the Russian communique, and a sizeable bag of prisoners was counted as Govorov swept on to capture Ulianovka on the Leningrad-Mos-cow trunk railway.
Moscow made no mention of fighting in the White Russian or Crimean sectors but reported savage German counter-attacks in the lower Ukraine near Vinnitsa, where Gen. Nikolai Vatutin's First Ukrainian army was pushing down toward the Rumanian frontier. All these attacks were repulsed. Moscow said.
By the Associated Press
ITALY—Allies drive 18 miles from rvettuno - Anzio beakhead.
RUSSIA—Soviets push down Leningrad-Vitcbsk railroad.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC—Allied planes down 57 Japanese aircraft.
LONDON — Allied bombers hammer French coast.
Push Inland 18 Miles; 22 More lo Go
By United Pres’
A dispatch from the new Allied beachhead In Italy said today that a correspondent touring the front area was “in perfectly clear view of Velletri, Genzano and Albano"—the latter town only 12 miles southeast of Rome and on the historic Appian Way.
By the Associated Press
The Berlin radio indicated today that American troops had driven within 22 miles of Rome and cut the Appian Way and main coastal railway by capturing Velletri, 18 miles northeast of Nettuno. ON APPIAN WAY “American troops are finding debris and ashes there after their owrn bombs transformed the little town into a hean of ruins.” the radio report said. Velletri Is on the Appian Way and only nine miles from the Via Casilina, the inland highway leading to the Cassino battlefield to the south.
Allied headquarters announced only that American and British troops had advanced 12 miles inland. The Germans were reported shifting their troops from the Cas-sino-Garigliano front In the south to meet the new threat to Rome. A headquarters office said Hitler, desperately needing a victory, “may decide to throw great forces into Italy and tell his generals they must produce a victory at any cost."
OSO Awarded to Texas RAF Ace
BRITISH JOIN IN ITALIAN INVASION—Bren carriers leave the beach to take their respective positions. They carry British troops taking part in the Allied invasion thrust behind the German lines in Italy. (British Army photo from OW! Radio by NEA Radio-Telephoto).
Argentina Expected To Pick Side in War
I MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay. Jan. 25—</P Diplomats here said a sen-
Hcadquarters said “hastily organ- sational announcement is expected to be made today in Buenos Aires-
LONDON, Jan. 25—(/Pi—Wing
Commander Lance Wade, native-born Texan and former resident of Tucson, Ariz., who shot down 25 enemy planes before he was killed j ing that enemy forces were being recently in a flying accident in I pulled back to meet the invasion southern Italy, was awarded the flanking threat.
izcd battle groups" opposed Allied spearheads in the expanding Rome front. Americans around Cassino engaged the Germans in fierce battle; the French beat back several Nazi stabs around Mt. Croce; and the British on the GariRliaco near the Mediterranean held their bridgeheads.
The Nazis still were launching fierce counterattacks on that main I front, but these blows have decreased somewhat in number and intensity in the last 24-hours, indicat
Distinguished Service Order posthumously today by the RAF.
The citation said “Wade’s great skill, courage and devotion to duty 1 contributed to the high efficiency attained by his squadron.”
Previously Wade had been aw’ard-1 cd the Distinguished Flying Cross and two bars.
Wade, regarded by many as this war's greatest fighter pilot, was a native of Broaddus, San Augustine,
Texas, but was reared at Reklaw, American sector along the Rapido
The beachhead has been lengthened, headquarters declared. without disclosing the area it covers. Reinforcements and supplies continued to pour in wfth little enemy interference. and the communique said the town of Anzio, bordering Nettuno to the west, had been taken.
* • •
Fierce fighting raged on the
The Texan met death January 12 when a small communications plane he was flying spun to the ground many miles behind the Italian battle front. He was buried with full military honors in a British war cemetery in Italy. •
with a strong possibility it would be a formal declaration by Argentina breaking relations with the Axis countries.
Such a decision ostensibly would be based upon discovery of a pro-Axis espionage ring which led to arrest of an Argentine consul by British authorities at Trinidad, authoritative sources said. They expressed belief Secretary Hull had refrained yesterday from mentioning Argentina
in connection with the wfttvUn coup d’etat, because Argentina had advised the U. S. ambassador of her contemplated step. (See story on Page 2>.
The importance of the statement was indicated by the fact that British Ambassador Sir David Kelly interrupted a holiday in the country yesterday, and returned to Buenos Aires to confer with the foreign minister, Col. Albert Gilbert.
Gilbert also met with U. S. Ambassador Norman Armour, presumably to discuss the statement, and with the German charge d'affaires.
AHS Enrolls 975 For Spring Term
Missing Since Jan.
FORTUNES OF WAR TAB PILOT
BIG SPRING. Jan. 25.—(SpU — War has woven some strange patterns into the life of Jon Beaurold —or Lt. Johnny Nail, as Big Spring •cople know him.
War accoounted for his having been a citizen of the United States. Now he is reported missing in action since Jan. 4, 1944, over Germany.
During World War I, while Cpl. Deo Nail, Jr. oi Big Spring was in France with a local supply train company, he met and married Madeline Beaurold, a French girl of good family.
She had a son. Jon, who was born after his father had been Dllled in action. When the war was over they returned to the states, the four-year-old lad was brought along.
“Shon,' ai he was called by his
mother, had to ‘'unlearn” his native tongue and start all over with English. His grandmother. Mrs. Leo Nail, Sr. took him under lier care and reared him. He was graduated from the Big Spring high school in 1933 and attended a college in Washington, D. C. before enlisting in the Royal Canadian Air Force.
In June, 1943, his wish to return to Europe was fulfilled when he was sent to England. Subsequently he transferred to the U. S. air corps, retaining his rank of first lieutenant.
He, too. met a young woman— a nurse from the states and they w'ere engaged. Sha wrote Mrs. Nail here that a lieutenant on the same attack had seen Johnny “after a German plane, chasing it like wildfire into a bank of clouds.”. That was the last word from Jon Beau-rold.
Approximately 975 students have enrolled for the spring semester which began Monday at Abilene high school, H. S. Fatherree, principal, said Tuesday.
Fatherree also announced the names of two new teachers who began their teaching duties Monday.
They are: J. H. Nail of Beau
mont, who will teach geometry and mechanical drawing in the high school; and Miss Gent Clark of Dallas who will teach Journalism. Nail replaces Mrs. Dorothea Lee, who resigned at mid-term. Miss Clark replaces Katharyn Duff, who resigned to accept a position on the editorial staff of the Reporter-News.
One vacancy on the teaching staff, created by tile resignation of Mrs. Maurine Vander Henst as mathemaitcs teacher at mid-term, has not been filled. Mrs. Vander Henst is moving with her husband, who was stationed at Camp Barkery, to Kansas where he has been transferred.
June in January
Its just that good old January weather that brought yesterday’s high to 72 degrees and today s low to 54.
For the past six years, Weatherman W, H. Green’s records have showfn June readings at the beginning of the year. Last year on Jan. 23, the temperature w>as 89; on Jan. 25. 1942. it was 79; Jan. 25.
1941, the reading was 75; Jan. 13,
1940, 74 degrees; Jan. 13, 1939, 74
degrees; and on Jan. 16, 1938, 84
river near Cassino with heavy fire by all kinds of weapons.
U. S. patrols recrossed the stream to probe enemy defenses, but no counteroffensive was launched by the Americans to keep a force on the western bank. The Germans, who on Sunday hurled the Americans back across the river, made no attempts to cross to the eastern bank.
French troops in the northernmost arca beat back several more enemy counterattacks, and a hot battle swirled for the Mt. Croce area.
British troops kept their bridgehead across the Garigliano river on I the left flank of the Fifth army line despite new Nazi counterblows, and made some gains in the Damlano bridge area. The Germans were reported counterattacking recklessly in the Mmturno and Castelforte
Ranchman Finds Remains of Body
Remains of a body, apparently that of a serviceman, were found on the BUI Drummond ranch, four or five miles west of View between the maneuver arca and View by Drummond late Monday afternoop.
Mostly bones, scattered as though predatory animals had been disturbing them, were found along with GI shoes and clothes, apparently army fatigue uniform. No dog tags or other identification were found, and the only flesh was some in the shoes.
Several months ago, a Mexican working for Drummond found a regulation Webb belt and M-l rifle about IOO yards trom where the body was found Monday, and were brought to the Drummond ranch house.
Army officials, according to Col. Victor W. Wales, commanding officer of Camp Barkery, have launched a thorough investigation and are attempting to establish identification through dental wwk or possibly the gun, although as yet there Is no proof that it is the body of a soldier.
Shift to Leghorn
By REYNOLDS PACKARD
Representing the < ombined American Press WITH THE FIFTH ARMY ON THE BEACHHEAD HOUTH OF ROME. Jan. 23 -(Dela\cd ( .—Brutish and American troops continued to push forward today, the only opposition encountered being a small amount of shelling.
The advance brought two more villages into Allied hands, making two towns and two villages now within the Allied beachhead. At the beaches I visited I found stacks of minr.s with wooden Instead of metal cases, indicating the Germans had put minimum defenses in this area.
Italians with whom I talked said there had been rumors during the past fortnight that the Filth army would make amphibious landings in the areas near Piso and Leghorn and that therefore the Germans withdrew many of their reserves from this sector.
Texas Sales Rise
AUSTIN, Jan. 25 - T -Retail sakis in Texas department and apparel stores were 43 percent greater in 1943 than 1942, the University of Texas Bureau of Business Research reports.
LONDON, Jan. 25— < Pl—Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden told the House of Commons today that Britain did not recognize the new government of Bolivia as legal.
PANAMA CITY, Jan. 25-(UP) — Tile government of Panama announced today its decision not to establish diplomatic relations with the revolutionary government of Bolivia.
Clubwomen Will Open War Loan Home Campaign
Abilene clubwomen will launch their part of the Fourth War loan drive at IO a. rn. tomorrow when they meet at the Second Street USO to organize, get supplies and start their campaiagn, Mrs. L. E. Dudley, president of the local Federation of Women's club said this morning Walter Adams, dean of* A Mien / Christian college, will be the prin-
* Have you
BOUGHT YOUR £^B0NDS
W HOUG*! EXIXX WAX WMS
Special Training May Be Dropped
WASHINGTON. Jan. 25.—(AP)— The house military committee may recommend abolition of a large part of the army’s specialized training program soon in a move designed to save an estimated 200,000 pre-war fathers from military induction.
Committee members made this disclosure privately today as they neared completion of clased hear ings on the extent and value of the program.
cipal speaker at the kick-off session.
Tire city has been divided into districts with each of 21 clubs having a definite assignment. Publio schools will be included in the residential drive with principal of each school In charge of his building.
Campaigning clubwomen are seeking to equal the record they made during the Third War Loan drive when their sales totaled some $272. MW.
Thorough coverage is a campaign aim. Mrs. Dudley says, but in case some one misses the caller, a telephone message to any of the carnie WAR LOAN Pg. 9, Col. 7
Long War Feared
LOS ANGELES. Jan. **-<*>—If the Allies wait one year more to crush Japan, three more years of war may be necessary, Mine Wei Tao-Ming, wife of the Chinese ambassador to the United States, said here.
Super Destroyer Taussig Launched
NEW YORK. Jail. 25 — /Pt— A 2,-200-ton super-destroyer, the U. S S. Taussig, was launched today at the Bethlehem Steel company’s Staten Island shipyard.
The ship, twice as heavy as a World War I sub-chaser and with the striking power of a cruiser of
the last war was named for the radio at Terracina (2) and in the Gulf of Gaeta (3). Strong p -The newsprint mills commit-
late Rear Admiral Edward David German counter-attacks forced American troops back near tee of the Southern Newspaper Pub-
Taussig Who served in the navy Cassino but British forces held their bridgehead toward the
from the Civil war through 1918 and , , „ , „ ~ . at least seven proposed sites for an
I in 1899 claimed Wake island for Nvesf coast and French troops continued to press forward in additional high-capacity newsprint
i the United States. . the northeast. (AP Wirephoto). I plant in the South.
ALLIES ADVANCE INLAND—Allied forces (I) uhuh landed behind German lines captured Nettuno and Auzio and advanced 12 miles inland in their drive on Rome. Other Al- Paper Plants Planned lied landings (broken arrows) were reported by the Vichy i BIRMINGHAM. Ala., Jan. 25.
U.S. DEPARTMENT OK C OM MERI E WE A1 111 a Bl REAU
ABILENE and Vicinity: Cloudy with rain this afternoon and tdnight partly cloudy Wedne»day. Cooler tonight and Wednesday Fresh to strong winds.
EAST TEXAS -Cloudy this afternoon and tonight, partly cloudy Wednesday, rain this afternoon and tonight and in east portion early Wednesday. Cooler northwest and extreme north portions tonight and in north and central portions Wednesday. Fresh to strong winds.
WEST TEXAS—Cloudy with scattered light rains except in Panhandle, and considerably cooler except In Del Rto-Eagle pas* area this afternoon: partly cloudy and colder tonight and Wednesday, Fresh to strong winds.
Highest temperature yesterda> : City office 72, airport. 71
Lowest this morning: City office. 54; airport, 53.
Tr MPI RATI RF %
Tue-Mon Mon Sun A.M. Hour P M
Jurors Indict Letter Writer
WASHINGTON. Jan 25—*n—
George N. Briggs, suspended assistant to Interior Secretary Ickes, was indicted by a federal grand Jury today in connection with the celebrated “Hopkins letter affair."
The 55-year-old Briggs, a former newspaperman, was charged with forgery, false pretense and use of the mails to defraud.
The grand jury said Harry L. Hopkins, presidential adviser: Dr.
I mphrey Lee and Frank Phillips. prominent members of the mystery thriller’s cast, had no knowledge of the letter.
Three indictments containing a total of ll counts were returned against Briggs, who wfas suspended from his position In Ickes* office when his name was brought into the case recently.
The letter, signed with the purported to give Hopkins’ prediction that Winkle would be the Republican presidential nominee tills year.
Oklahoma Autos Need Texas Tags
56 55 54 54
55 55 54
57 59 63
56— I— 63 56 _ 2— 65 56— 3— 66 56— 4— 71 Se— 5— 71 54— 6— 70
54— 7— 67
55— 6— 63
56— 9— 39 56-lo— sa
Sunrise this morning .............. H 3< i stat*
Sunset tonight ....................7 06 i nome state.
Under Texas state law', automobile license plates are honored for members of the Armed service from anv state with the exception of Oklahoma. Tax Collector Pat Patterson said today, stressing that all Oklahoma cars operating rn Texas
54 must be registered in this state, 38 within 30 days.
^ Because the state of Oklahoma 63, will not recognize and honor Texas ll1 license plates by expiration, th® ss Texas highway department bulletin advises the necessity of registering ss J Oklahoma cars in Texas, regardless
55 j 0f the date ot rcgisterat ion in th® Patterson said.