Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 24, 1944, Abilene, Texas
WAR BOND SCORE War Loan quota $3,245,000.00 ales Saturday 303,764.00
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<D^0L. LXIII, no. 221..
A TEXAS NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY MORNING, JANUARY 24, 1944 EIGHT PAGES
Associatea Presi (AP) United Press (VJ’J
PRICE FIVE CENTSAllies Drive Home Surprise "Left Hook” Invasion; Axis Reports Added Landings
Reds Near trunk of Vital Line
By .TAMES LONG
LONDON. Monday, Jan. 24 ^AP)—Russian troops attacking below liberated Leningrad smashed to within five miles of the key junctions of Kras-nogvardeisk and Tosno yes-i^-day, threatening the early capture of those towns through which pei-haps 250,-000 Germans must flee if they are to escape destruction.
A Moscow midnight communique ^id the Gormans were in "discr-derly retreat" a. the Up of the Tosno salient southwest of Leningrad, and werp nnable to stem the Soviet steamroller.
Far to me southeast the broadcast yaulletin. recorded by the Soviet monitor, foreshadowed the early liberation of the 50-mile stretch of the Leningrad-Moscow trunk line held by the Germans between Hos-no and Chudovo.
The Russians were declared to ^ave liquidated the last major German bridgehead on the cast bank of the Volkhov river in the Cruzino area nine miles east of Chudovo. North of Gnizino Gen. K. A. Meret-skoVs troops rolled swiftly west-;ard. toppling town after town on 25-mlle front.
These middle formations of Mere-toskoVs forccs already were far beyond the Vokhov In a swift drive west and southwest of Kurishi. a iunction on a secondary Leningrad-«¡Moscow railway, and were 5.triki]ig close to the trunk line with apparently little effective Nazi opposition.
The bulletin also told of a resumption of Gen. Konstantinc Rok-j^ov^y’s pusli in lower Wliitc Rus-^5a through the pripet marshes toward Pinsk.
Berlin radio reported fresh Soviet landinfT southeast of Kerch on the Crimea peninsula, and said ilie Russians had driv-A cn inland before German troops engaged them in heavy fighting:. The Russians sealed off the Crimea months ago.
Swedish dispatches told of renewed fighting on the long-quiet Kandalaksha front, just above the Arctic Circle, but neither Finnish nor Russian announcement confirmed that
Soviet troops and ^anks striking southwest of Leningrad in the Ras-noye Selo area hurled the Germans 4fiut of Akalovo. 10 miles west of ^rasnogvardeisk, and only five miles from the Nazi escape railway running westward to Narva in Estonia.
More than 1.600 Germans were killed in the capture of Akalovo 5nd other points as the Russians steadily extended their front southwest of Leningrad. A considerable number of Germaas surrendered, and 11 tanks, a number of self-pro-pelled guns, rnd 32 trucks were among the captured booty.
Bulgaria to Form Pwn 5torm Troops
BERN. Switzerland. Jan. 22 —i/Pt — The creation of a new Bulgarian constabulary resembling Germany's S. S. 'Elite Guard) and S. A. (Storm Troop) units to suppress revolt, an-^-government demonstrations and sabotage was announced by the Sofia radio tonight.
'The broadcast did not bring out why such a step should be necessary. but Allied air attacks have rip-A;d heavily at Sofia and the Russians have repeatedly warned Bulgaria to drop her Axis affiliations and get out of the war.)
The special troops are to serve under the Ministry of the Interior Dotsche Christov. appointed. Sept. **4, 1943, who thus will become the most powerful figure in Bulgaria after the regency.
Congressional Medal ^sked for Howard
LONDON, Jan. 23 —(/P)— Re-commendations are understood to be pnroute to Washington for a conpressional medal for Maj. James H. Howard. St. Louis, the “one-^<Sian air force," who shot down ‘ probably six out of 30 German fighters attacking a Flying Fortress formation raiding Oschersleben Jan. 11. Howard, a Mustang pilot, fought Off the enemy all alone.
^FW Selects Site
KANSAS crry. Jan. 23 —r/p)— The Veterans of Foreign Wars today chcse Chicago as headquarters of a campaign to raise $1,300,000 for 1944 welfare fund.
YANKS EMBARK FOR NEW ITALIAN LANDING—Anicr-. German lines in Italy. This is a U. S, Army signal corps ican troops of the Allied Fifth Army board a ship at an Italian 1 photo. (AP Wirephoto via OWI radio from Mediterranean port on rolite to new Allied landings south of Rome behind \ theatre).
Vital Jap Base In North Bombed
By LEONARD MILHMAN Associated Press War Editor
Panic - stricken Japanese soldiers were driven from strongholds along the Fari river in northeast New Guinea by attacking Australians, Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported today (Monday.)
At the other extreme of the Pacific war front, snow-covered Para-muchiro Island. Japan’s northernmost naval base, was bombed twice yesterday by United States Navy planes for the third and fourth times in three days.
Four small Japanese freighters were sunk in the Southwest Pacific, another cargo craft left in flames, and a sixth hit.
Tlie Aussics’ renewed offensive through the mountainous interior of New Guinea is directed at the Madang area into which Japanese reinforcements have been filtering. Retreating Japane.se left 100 dead.
On the other side of Madang. strafing Allied planes left enemy Installations and occupied villages In flames and destroyed five bridges in the Ullcan harbor area.
Naval bombers raiding the Kui'ile islands struck at installations on the south and west coasts of Paramus-hlro. Anti-aircraft fire was their only opposition.
Tlie stepped-up offensive agaiiist the Naval base was started Friday morning by Catallnas striking in the moonlight with the first attack on the south coast. Venturas hit the north shore.
All four flichi.s returned unscatch-ed. Paramu.shiro, 1.200 miles north of Tokyo, is an outpost against possible invasion from Alaska where the Tokyo press has reported six divisions of American troops and 1,000 planes have been assembled.
Ground troops of the southeast Asia Allied command made “slight progress" in the . upper Chindwln valley of Northwest Burma and captured another village on the Southwest coast. Combined air squadrons didn’t lost a plane in ex-ten.sive raids on supply dumps, river craft, shipping and other Japanese communications.
HUGE FLYING BOAT MARS GOES ON DUTY IN PACIFIC
PEARL HARBOR, Jan. 23—(/F)—Tlie huge flying bo&t Mars, making her first trip in the Pacific service, arrived In Hawaii today from Alameda, Calif., after a flight of 15 hours and nine minutes.
She carried a crew of 15. 20 passengers and a cargo of 14.000 pounds. The plane circled over Pearl Harbor for nearly two hours before landing at daylight.
The actual flying Ume from California was 13 hours and 18 minutes. The distance is about 2.-400 statue miles.
Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. commander in chief of the Pacific fleet, commented that the Mars would help fill a hole in the demand for needed air trans
portation and that every plane sent out would be put to use.
The ship was taken over by tlie Navy last Thanksgiving day and recenily completed a 4.375-mile trip with vital cargo from Patuxent River, Md.. to Natal. Brazil, averaging around 160 mile.s an liour.
It has the space oi a lo-room liou.sc. Empty. It weighs 37 1-2 ton.s. and nearly 75 ions when loaded.
The largest Boeing clipper weighs 42 tons with nonnal load.
One of the navigators. Lt. L. H. 'Tex. Witherspoon. 34. of Childress, Tex., formerly was with tlie Royal Air Force.
International Air Force Blasts Nazi Installations
Daughter of Pioneer Abilene Settler Dies
DALLAS. Jan. 23—(/Pi — Funeral services for Miss Sadie Hardin Anderson. 55. secretary of Christ Church, Episcopal, for the last twelve years who died Saturday after an Illness of more than a year, will be held here tomorrow..
A native of Taylor county. Miss Anderson, pioneer settler at Abilene. She was an honor graduate of the West Texas State Teachers Coiiege at Canyon.
LONDON. Jan. 23 — -/P —Medium and fightcr-bombcrs officially numbered at "several hundied” and including more tlian 200 American Marauder bombers blasted Nazi mystery installations in the Pas de Calais area and two air fields in PVancc and Holland today while German fighters refused the chal-lege of .American Tliunderbolts sweeping over northern France. Tlie Marauders alone dropped 300 tons of bomb.s.
It was a truly International show, with British. New Zealand. Southern Rhodesian, Canadian and Norwegian fliers participating with the Americans either as attackers or escorts.
The first wave of R.AF and New
Zealand Typhoons and Hurricancs went down to 2.500 feet over Pa.s de Calais without challenge by the augmented batteries which have thrown up such heavy barrages rr- ; cently. Later waves met only scat - I tered fire. Some Marauders, how- ! ever, encountered hoa^’3’ flak. j
Tlic Germans lost five planes, one , clowned by Marauders, one by the ' Southern Rhodesians and three by ' the Norweglaiis; the Allies lost one Marauder and one fighter.
Tlie da\'s activities were started by Canadian Spitfires which .shot up t.rucks on the Amiens road this
Tlie Pas de Calais attack.^, a blow at Maupertus airlDa.se near Clicr- , gourg. and a Tliunderbolt a-vsavilt on the Gilze-Rijen air base in Hoi-
KANSAS CITY. Jan. 23 —(/P) — Sign over a basket confronting Income tax payers as they present tlieir checks to the cashier of the internal revenue department :
“Throw all old rubber here." No reflection on the customers. insist-«; ihe bureau — it's a feature of (he salvage drive.
Allies Headed for Austria Reported
STOCKHOLM. Jan. 23 —i/Ti— Several waves of Allied bombers crossed Hungary tonight In the direction of Austria, the Budapest-correspondent of Svenska Dagbla-det reported. He .’said Budapest had an air alarm starting at 9:30 p. m. and lasting more than an hour but no bombs fell.
land, followed. Oilzr-Rijcn. rccont-Iv hit in two attnrk.s. oiirred no oppasiiion.
A >laraudcr navigator, (apt. Charles Lane of Baltimorr. callcd the attack on Tas de Calais “the best exhibition of precision bombing: trr rvrr seen,” and he has seen more than 30 others.
Tonight the Gorman home radio service blacked rnit for a time and stations In Budape.st. Bratislava and cl.sewhcre in .southeast Europe went off the air. indicating a passible Allied attack from the .south.
It was announced that good results were obtained in ilir attack on the air firld in HollaiKi. near ilir towns of Gilzc and Rijrn Otlirr Thunderbolt, forma t ions .swept ncrass German-held terniorv looking for a fight but Hie Grnnan air force, following H.s enforced policy of conserving planes for use against major attacks, refused to send fighters up.
The British, Dominion and Allied planes shot down four enotny planes over northern Fiance while one plane of the attacking force failed to return. The Fiench coast raid marked the 18th dayliKht assault of the month on that area.
NEXT 48 HOURS CRUCIAL IN NAZI DEFENSE PLANS
By EDWARD KENNEDY
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Jan. 23 (AP)—Allied forces, exploiting a surprise ‘‘left hook'’ invasion south of Rome, have punched several miles inland, headquarters announced today, while Axis broadcasts told of new landings along ail 80-mile stretch from the Tiber to the Gulf of Gaeta just behind the Germans’ trans-Italian line.
The Vichy radio declared the Allies had landed at Terra-cina and in the Gulf of Gaeta area directly behind the German front. If ti'ue, this represented an extension of Allied landings southward from the points between the Tiber estuary and the Nettuno and Anzio harbors where the Germans yesterday reported the British and Americans had stormed ashore.
Allied headquarters still had not disclosed the location of the Allied beachheads, but if troops had been put asliore at all places mentioned by the Nazi stations the Allies were attacking at places all along the German flank from the Rome vicinity southward. The Tiber mouth is 16 miles southwest of Rome and Ncltuno is 30 miles below Rome.
An Allied officer asserted the .Miles had widened their bridgehead and plunged “several miles Inland in a number of places.” seriously threatening German lifelines to their main forces to the southeast.
(London radio, head by CBS. said a battle "now Is being fought at the very approftches to Rome. ’i
The Gcrman.s apparently were caught completely flat-footed by the bold Invasion thrust of Lt.-Gen. Mark W. Ciark's Fifth Army.
Only last Tuesday, it was disclosed the Germans sped three crack divisions ^rom the Rome area to the battlefront 80 miles southeast of the capital, leaving Rome neighborhood almost wholly undefended.
So far there was no Indication of what, if any, support Italian guer-rilla.s might be giving the assault army.
So great was the sur]iri.se of the landings that the Germans so far have been unable to switch their plans to meet It. and at latest reports their main effort still were concentrated on savage resistance and counter-
(See Page 8 for map showing locations of new Allied landings).
attacks oti the main frotit some 60 miles southea.st and east of Nettuno (Cassino Is almost directly ca.^^t of Nettunoi where Americans. British, and French troops pressed forward in terrific flghthig.
Tlic seaborne Invasion forces struck directly inland toward the vital Appian and Casillan wa>.s—main communication Urios trom Rome tp. the Germans on the Fifth Army front to the southeast. Tiie Appfah highway and a main rall-llne are only 12 miles -from the coast, and the Caslllan way Is 10 miles farther Inland.
100.000 Men in Enormous Pocket
The German situation on that front already is awkward and would become extremely untenable if those highways are cut. The next 48 hours probably will determine whether the Nazis will make a desperate effort to beat back the flank attack, or withdraw their forces numbcrljig possibly 100.000 men from the enormou.s pocket below the landing area.
On the bitter Fifth Army front. American troops have enlarged their bridgehead over the Rapldo river near Ca.sslno despite the fiercest enemy opposition.
British forces north of Garlgliano river met tough opposition and repeated German counterattacks In the Castelforte and Mlnturno areas, but made .some gains.
The French in mountains north o! the American sector likewise ran Into heavy resistance, and threw all their strength into beating back counterilirii.sls.
The German divisions moved from the Rome area to the Fifth Army front early last week were the third. 29th. and 90th armored grenadiers, all high-quality outfits rested and newly refitted, and especially strong in vehicles.
Thus there were nine divisions on that front, making perhaps
100.000 men. facing the Fifth Army and ready to smash It back toward Naples, when the Allied blow fell to the north.
Movement of the three divisions fitted in perfectly with Allied plans.
Preparatioiis for the invasion below Rome were made while po.s.sible Allied plans to strike acras the Engli.^h cliannel were being advertised to the fullest with generals, air mar.'^hal.s. and admirals arriving in batches in Enigland from Africa. The Nazis apparently were paying more attention to the chaimel than to what ml«ht happen In the Meditcrran-
As late a.s Fridnv night—when troop carriers already were tinder-way for the Rome area—Propaganda Minister Jo.seph Goebhels as-.serted "we can no longer be taken bv .surprise. We are jjrepnred against invasion anywhere and at all times."
When the Allir.s landed at 2 a. m , Saturday, tlie enemy was not around Tlie onlv ob.-:tarles encountered at first were minefields.
The German Sunday communique broadcast bv Berlin said Allied troops had landed on both sides of Nettuno, and
See ITALY. Pg. 8 Col. 7
5th Ferrying Pilot Killed in Crash
SHREVKPOnT. La . Jan. 23—^/r, --Lt, Lloyd B. .Johnson. 23. of Dallas. was in.stantlv killed today when the P-38 fighter plane he was flying crashed about eight miles we.st of Waskom. Tex., about a quarter of a mile off Hichway 80. He was a pilot of the Fifth Ferrying group at Dallas.
Eye-witnesses said the plane exploded in the air and caught file, then a second explasioii occurred as the plane lilt the ground.
LIB CREW WORKS 4 HOURS TO RESCUE MATES FROM INFERNO
A U. S, BOMBER BASE IN ENGLAND. Jan. 23—— Flak-torn and with three of Its engines gone, the Liberator "Liberty Bell" crash-landed near a southeast England to^-n after the Friday raids on the French coast and for three hours the pilot and four fellow-crewmen battled to save three others trapped in the blazing wreckage with the bodies of two dead officens.
Thirteen men went out on the
Liberty Bell, Bight returnod alive.
A half-dozen flak bursts struck her over Dieppe, starting a fire in the bomb bay, igniting No. 3 engine and knocking out the controls of No. 1 and No. 2 engines.
Pilot Lt. Keith Coogus of Bonham. Tex., ordered the h:sh explosive bomb load released. Bombardier Lt. Woodrow C. Cole of Hollywood. Calif,, liad to hang on to the bomb bay to release one bomb which had stuck because the cat-
walk was blown away.
The blazing engine exploded near the English coast and was still burning wlien at a 50-foot height Cookus veered to avoid hitting a hou.se and the plane crashed In a field.
Trapped on the flight deck but finally saved were the nose turret gunner. Sgt. Eugene K. Siefried Philadelphia; Navigator Lt, Franklin A. Campbell. Detroit, and tlie top turrcnt gunner Sgt. Herman Becker, Woodbury, N. J.
"Drspitc Hi'’ great danger thrv nevrr uttered a complamt dtiring the three hours we hacked at the wreckage.” Cookus said. "High octane gas could have blown up. They stayed calm—showed the greatest courage I have ever seen.’* Cookus’ mates told how he dug desperately with a shovel brought by a farmer to build up an earth wall to keep the fire In the en-glne.s from the trapped men and how he tried futllely to lift a section of the plane.
yers Provide Huge Canopy
nr WF.S (¡ALLAfiHER
ALLIED HEAIX3UARTERS, Algiers. .htn. 23 —</|‘p— Allied planes. ,‘.wnmpiiig thr Oerman.s 1.3 to 3. threw a powerful protecting catiopy ovrr tho new invasion bridgehead ^ 1 .struck disruptivoly ommimication.s in the
yesterd a at enen Rome a
The air command .sent out 1.300 sorties, or indnidual fiictiUs. again.sf 100 mustnod by tlie C»ermans In jitternpt^ to .strike the invasion armada and troop.s.
Fifteen j)liinrs were .sent down durinK the da\ against loss of nhie Allied aircraft
1 hr Allied superiority was rrrrlitrd to «rek.s of bombings of fierman airfields In Italy and Franre. In ta<-tics developed by the RAFc Air ( hlef Marshal J<ir Arthur Tetlder and U. S. Lt. Gen. Carl A. Spaatx.
Bomber.s of thr tactical air force concentrated on Lscilaling the new battlr area, wifi V. S. Mitchells and Maraudor.s lUfinK the road between Rome itnd Velleiri. southeast of Rome. Mitciu'll.s bombed the Valmotone road lunrtion. 25 miles .southea.'^L of ftome. and Marauders .'ma.'-hrd a bridge at Ceprano. '^0
Srr Fl.VKKS. Pg. 8. Col. 7
15 Die in Train-Bus Collision
ST. LOUIS. Jan. 23 CAP) — Fifteen persons were killed and nine injured tonight in the collision of a Wabash crack passenger train and a city bus near a suburban railroad station.
Five victims died in the bus which caught fire after It was dragged block before the train came to stop. The bodies of three othera ?rc found along the right-of-way. catLsed by burns.
The Wabash train, enroute to St. Louis from Detroit, was delayed 90 minutes at the crash sccne before it proceeded to the suburban station. None of the train pas5> engers was Injured.
The victims were taken to St. Louise county hospital. Attendants said most of the deaths were caused by burns.
The bus was cut In half by the Impact. Bystanders assisted flre-
Dr. F. R. Bradley, superintendent or Barnes haspltal. authorized Transfer of 15 pints of blood plasma from the hospital's blood bank to the county hospital for treatment of other burned passengers« Train Engineer F. L. Dolson. Decatur. in.. said he did not see tho ' bus until an Instant before th'ei cra.sh. s:
Eleven-year-old Ouybert Barnes I crawled through a broken window ' of the bus and was burned slightly as he pulled liis brother to"Safety, “ As tJie bus apiiroached the crossing. Barnes related, some of th« passengers noticed the headlight of the oncoming locomotive and screamed. The train smashed Into the left side of tiie bus. Fire broke out at It was carried down the right-of-way. clipplnc off two switch posts and scattering the flajning bodies of the dead and injured.
Added Duties Are GivenEisenhower
LONDON. Jan. 23 —(fl»)— Gen. D. Dwlglu D. Elsenhower has assumed command of all United States forces In the European theater of operations In addition to his duties as supreme commander of the Allied Expedillonnrj’ Force, Allied head-quarters announced today.
The European theater headquart--s .statement said that Gen. Elsen-howcrs action in taking over the past lormerly held by Lt. Gen. Jacob I.. Dever.s wa.s to ■ streamline" head-quarter.s in order to free officers nri enh.sted men for immedlata field duty.
Gen. Etecnhower appointed Ma].-Gen. Joiin c. H. Lee his deputy commander In th ^ European theater of operations In addition to his du-.s a.s commanding general of tha ■vice.s of supply, and named MaJ. n. \v. B. Smith as chief of staff the European theater in addition to iil.s po.st as chief of staff of the .supreme headquarters of the Allied Expeditionary Force.
Among the responsibilities now as-ligned to Gen. Lee Is the operation of all the admini-stration and .supply set-up for American forces In the United Kingdom.
Col. Royal Lord has been appointed deputy chief of staff for the European theater.
Jewishi Refugees Are Bound for Palestine
LISBON, Portugal. Jan. 23 —(>P)— The liner Nyassa, the first Portuguese passenger vessel bound on a trans-Mediterranean voyage since the war beg«n. left here Monday with 180 Jewish refugees, the majority of whom are going to Palestine. They will be Joined at Cadiz. Spain, by r'tO others who also are bound for Palestine.
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llich and 0 and Sunset last nisht: "i:* Sunrise this mornln Sunset tonlxbt: 7:05.
low temperatorea to 0 ow aame date last year: