Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 23, 1954, Abilene, Texas
FAIR AND WARMER
ls> ^®he Mmt toorter-^etoiii MDMING"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKEFCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" — Byron
VOL. LXXIII, No. 221
Aâtociaud Prea (ÁP)
AMLENE, TE.XAS, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 23, 1954-SIXTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOe
Gl Who Left Captors
To Face Court-Martial
HOPE AND DOUBTS
Big 3 Ministers Arrive in Berlin
By PHYLLIS NIBLINO
After three days of being a public fiaure. Roy Christian Hardin doesn’t e\en blink at flashbulbs any more.
The ear-old Bavarian boy po.sed for his picture Friday night, after reaching hi.s new .\bilene home, with all the aplomb of a ' veteran envoy.
When a reporter and photographer arrived at the home of his new fo.sier parents. Sgt and Mrs. Frn-est Hiriin, filT Kim .‘^t.. Roy stepped up and gravely presented his hand without the least prodding from the Hardins.
Then he nicked up a shiny “comet jet liner, a belated Christmas gift, and rolled it acro.«;s the floor, as it spewed sparks from its wings.
“See there." ho said in German, and Hardin fu»-ther translated, “The lights are coming out."
Sees Familiar Doll
Then he pulled out a toy steam »hovel and a mechanical crocodile *‘\'o. it doesn’t bite." he answered a German question.
He had been in his new home about an hour and kt*pt making <iisco\cries all the time his parents were talking.
He recoyni/ed a little doll which had come on top of a chocolate beer barrel the Ifardins had bought
BERLIN, Jan. 22 The Big Three Western foreign ministers gathered in this war-damaged city today to merge their ideas on how to get more peace for the w’orld out of their meeting next week w’ith Russia’s V. M. Molotov.
All three voiced big hopes of an agreement with Russia to reunite the Germany they jointly defeated and divided, but all three were known to have deep doubts that there w'ill be much real progres.s.
“We hope to unite Germany by giving the German people as a whole the rights which our civilization treats as fundamental.” said Secretary' of State Dulles as he stepped from the presidential plane “Columbine” at Tempelhoi Airdrome.
These rights, he said, include “especially the right of a people, by free elections, to choose for themselves their own sovereign government." I
A band played bright music and j tanks on the edge of the field fired . a 19-gun salute, but the Berlin j skies were grim and grey. cold < wind w hipped at the overcoats of ^ the scores of British. French and American officials welcoming Dulles.
.\n hour after he a r rived. ! Georges Bidault. French foreign Minister, came by special train from Paris.
“On our trip through Germany, we have seen the traces of the i last war still clearly visible ever>’-ce<ient to allow Roy to travel half- i written on it in German waiting for i where." he said. “They should be
fare unaccompanied and had sent him. They were having their neigh- i- — ....................
along .special stewardesses to fake hors. M-Sgt. and Mrs. John Skin-care of him. ^ ner and their children in for a
Mrs. Ruth Bradfield Gay of Cars- ' party Friday night.
Both Sgts. Skinner and Hardin work at the Army - Air Force Re-ciniiting Station here.
Other gift^ were some Hummel ceramic figures, including a small cow boy in a very large sombrero.
Roy picked it up to show it off.
“Das ist ein cowboy," he said. Or something like that. In German, any w ay.
He IS much taken with cowboys, and enjoys wearing western clothes.
But the suit which the Hardins sent just before Christmas was too small, so he didn’t bring it.
“He’s been begging us to buy him another." Mrs. Hardin said.
Roy, a sturdy little blond fellow. said he wished he had brought
HIGH-FLYING S.\US.\GES — Roy Christian Hardin, left, brought his fostei parents, Sgt. and Mrs. Ernest Hardin, four genuine German sausages from Mrs. Hardin’s mother in Bad-Tolz, Bavaria, when he flew to Dallas Thursday. Little brother Ernest Dwayne, 7 months, seems to like them too. (Staff Photo by David Barros)
Flashbulbs Don't Bother Roy After Flight From Germany
a warning and a lesson for the foreign ministers who will meet in Berlin, We have come so that such a tragedy will not be re- j peated." ,
The last of the three to arrive was British Foreign Secretary An- j thony Eden, who whistled into Tempelhof in a British turbojet airliner and declared on landing: “Our first objective in Berlin will be to enable Germany to be i reunited in freedom .so that she j may iive in peace and mutual re-; spect with her neighbors, and I | shall do all in my power to make j this meeting a success.
“In 1952 I expressed my confidence that you (Berliners) would take your place again as the capital of a united Germany in a Europe at peace. I hope that this conference will lead to that goal.” “.A bagpipe band played Eden on and off the field and he headed for British headquarters to prepare for a meeting of the Bi^ Three tomorrow’.
Dickenson Still May Not Be Tried
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22 (/P)—Cpl. Edward S. Dickenson, a 23-year-old prisoner of war who at first refused to leave his Communist captors in Korea and then changed his mind, was arrested tonight on court martial charges.
The soldier from the mountain town of Cracker’s Neck, Va., was accused of holding unlawful ‘intercourse with the enemy” and currying favor with his captors “to the detriment” of fellow prisoners.
If convicted he could face a possible death penalty, or prison term at the discretion of the court-martial and reviewing agencies. But Army authorities, who announced the charges, said it is yet to be determined whether he will actually face trial.
i First there will be a pre-trial examination to determine ¡whether the accusations, made by former fellow prisoners, ¡warrant further proceedings. Details of the charges were j withheld.
! Dickenson was notified of the I accusations tonight ikt the Army’s i Walter Reed Hospital here, where I he had gone to undergo physical examination. He was placed in custody and is being held at the hospital, i No Interviews
TO RUN AGAIN—Former GOP Rep. J. Parnell Thomas, onetime head of the House Un-American Activities Committee, announced he would seek the Republican nomination in the New Jersey spring primaries.
Thom'as went to jail in 1950 | Reporters .seeking Dickenson’s for padding his office pay- | reaction to the charges were told roll. I by Array officers that he w'as de-
22,000 Prisoners Made 'Free Men'
wtdl Travel .\gency here made most of the arrangements.
Going Back ‘Home’?
.\fter they had been together for i awhile, he asked his foster moiher if they were going back home Bad-'folz) next Sunday, she said. “He told me we would hav« to go over the mountains and over the water.” she said.
Roy liked flying fine, he said. He left .Amsterdam Wednesday for New York on KLM and was switched to .American at LaGuardia Field — all to the accompaniment of popping flashbulbs.
‘The stewarde.ss .said he was a wonderful child." Mrs. Hardin said proudly. “He didn’t eat much, though — he liked ice cream but didn’t like his pt‘as."
Hoy hasn’t wanted to eat much ever since he arrived. Mrs. Hardin said. “That’s the only time he started crying.” she said, American food is much different from German, she explained. One of the tirst things he asked was if she liked salted butter — Germans don’t salt theirs.
Roy brought along four pounds of German butter and four big Ger-
Ice Blamed In 25 Wrecks
him once In B.tJ Tolz. Mrs. Har- mau sausages, just in case.
dm. also a native of Bavaria, brought It with her to the S.
Another familiar object was the biu ceramic cuckoo clock which Mrs Hardin's mother “Granny” to Roy sent her la.st year.
Rov was adopted by the Hardln.s l.iNt March, .and it took a groat d«al of arranging for passnorts and tran.sjKirtation to get Mm over here Ornhaned when he was 3. he has been living with Mrs. Hardin’s famitv in Bad-Tcjl/
TV Camera* Grind The little Ik»v arrived hv American Airline- at T.ove Field in Dallas Thursdav night and w.as met at the airfield by his parents, who drove over icy roads to get there.
.A crowd of ncwspap«'!' and television photographers and folks who j just w aqtcd to welcome him to Texas were also on hand
“You should have seen his eyes when he got off that plane.” Sgt. Hardin said ‘ They absolutely lit up like electric lights."
Rov took right away to his new brother. I rnest Dwayne. 7 month», whom M* has never seen.
“Oh bov, he grabbed him.” Mrs. Hardin .saitl. “They’ve been laughing at each other ever since”
He iHLsed for newspaiH'r pictures and for the TV cameras later he saw his first TV set at the hotel - aud sang his only Knglish song into a radio microphone during an interview.
.American Airlines paid the Har-din:J ext»enses overnight at the Lomo Alto Hotel In Dalla-s, a» a last courtesy to their small pas-aeiiger.
Boih American and KLM Royal Dutch Airlines hail b'oken all pre
The Hardins had a big white cake with “Happy Homecoming"
Women's News ....... 4
Sports ... 6, 7
Business ............... 3
Clossitiod ods ......... 5, 6
Form II Morkrts ........ 7
Rodio t TV ...........•
See FLASHBULBS, Pg. 2-A, Col. i
George Parr Spikes Rumor He's Sheriff
dcnii-'d lonfsh! a'l idcl^pread'u’moi Ihe ' ‘’“'"P“’**'', here that his nephew. Archer Parr, again
sheriff of Duval through 11 38 p m. Irida> police investigated seven traffic acci-
Abilenians have been bumping into people at the most unexpected times the past two days.
City police Friday blamed ice and snow-coatcd streets for a majority of the 25 wrecks reported to them from 8 a.m. Thursday through 9:30 p.m. Friday.
Most of the reported wrecks were just “fender bumpings” caused by cars sliding on the sleet and snow’ No serious injuries were reported here.
The wrecks followed a pattern set by the temperature.
First wreck after streets here became coated with snow’ and sleet was at 8 a.m. Thursday. No more were reported until traffic had churned up the streets. Then, beginning at 1:14 p.m. Thursday through 10 20 p.m.. the officers were notified of 12 on city streets. Beginning at 7:50 a.m. Friday
PANMUNJO.M. Saturday, Jan. 23 iJh—The U. N. Command today proclaimed “free men” nearly 22,000 Chinese and North Korean soldiers who turned their backs on communi.sm. But 347 prisoners In a pro-Red camp stayed on there after Indian troops unlocked the gates and left.
Last midnight after the Communists turned down a final Indian appeal to take back 21 Americans, a Briton and 325 South Koreans in the pro-Red camp. 200 Indian troops pulled out in the light of a cold, wintry muon. They left in the area a token guard of 20 men.
The U. Command lost no time in bringing to a dramatic climax its long effort in months of wrangling preceding the armistice to get written guarantees for prisoners rejecting communism.
Gen. John E. Hull. U. N. Far East commander, announced:
7.000 North Koreans were in South | The Reds replied they “cannot
! agi-ee to your decision and asked The future of the 347 in the pro- | that the Indian troops “continue to Red camp was cloaked in cousld- ^ be respon^ble, erable uncertaiMy. Their leaders ••-•-a
told the departing Indians they would stay on. But when their food runs out, either the Communists must bring in more or they wül be forced to leave.
An Indian source said the 20 guards left behind were stationed out of sight of the prisoners in fulfillment of a promise to the Communists not to allow’ the captives to be “kidnaped” or "dispersed” by the Allies.
Armistice Claim Refusal of the Communists to take them back stems from the Red charge that the .Allies have not fulfilled armistice terms for processing prisoners and India should have held on to captives of both sides.
The Reds contend that the Allies
AS ot 0001 l-ou^ Korean «me
1954 110.01 22.000 and that the Reds
on 23 January Friday EST>, they men.”
14.000 at S«a At the hour their status changed from prisoners to civilians, the more than 14.000 Chinese were at sea on 15 landing ships, under L. S. Navy guard, head^ for Nationalist Formosa. The more than
had resigned as County and that ho. (îeorge Parr, had boon apjwintcd to the office.
dents. In the 35-minute period from
“Oh. no. lhoro’2. nothing to it.” ¡12:15 p m to 12-50 pm were
Parr (old Mr.s. Caro Brown of the called to three more wrecks.
.Alice Echo. Mrs. Brown said Parr ihanktd her for her part in stop- j ping a scuffle in the .Alice courthouse Monday between Parr and Ranger Capt. .Alfred Alice Parr was at the courthouse to face a charge of illegally caro ing j a pistol at a meeting the night bo- j fori' of the Freedom party, a group | which oppo.ses Parr’s political pow- j er in this area.
Their investigation business dropped off as a warm sun turned snow and sleet to w ater Friday afternoon with exception of one mishap at 3:55 p.m.
During the heavy traffic caused . by downtow n workers going home ! -from work only one accident was ; reported. 'That was at 5:21 p.m. >-First results of the temperature’s
Snow Melting But Little Runoff Due
ThimajT’a went to the pro-Red camp near the Communist side of the neutral zone last night and told the prisoners the Indian troops were pulling out. Camp leaders told him they would remain behind the barbed wire where they have been since the Reds brought them there last September.
“It would be good if you kept us in custody and looked after us,** a South Korean said.
‘I am helpless," Thimayya replied. "I can’t do it.”
dining to grant interviews or pose for pictures.
The charges are brought under Article 104 of the Uniform Code of Military’ Justice, which covers aiding the enemy; and Article 105, which covers alleged misconduct as a prisoner.
Under Article 104 the penalQf mav be death or a lesser punishment. Article 105 calls for such punishment as the court-martial may direct, but not death.
An announcement by Army authorities said Dickenson Is accused of:
“Having for tlie purpose of securing favorable treatment by his captors, acted without proper authority in a manner contrary to law’, customs and regulations to the detriment of other persons held by the enemy as prisoners.” *1116 action was announced by Col, Norman E. Sprowl, public Information officer of the military district of Washington.
The charges were served on Dickenson at W'alter Reed Hospital. an Army institution in Washington. w’here he had come for a physical examination.
His original decision to stay with the Communists, he told reportp ers, had been made for him by the Red Chinese. He said they “kept me back” by threats.
Later Applied He declared that nevertheless he later applied for repatriation but that the Chinese Communists threatened him by telling him that material they originally forced him to write would be used against
would likewise be guilty of illegal ity in taking back the 34V.
At United Nations Headuarters in New York, U. N. Secretary’
General Dag Hammarskjöld said ne sided with the U. N. Command view that freeing the prisoners was | trust them.” in accord with the armistice. i Nearing midnight. South Koreans
Lt Gen K. S. Thimavya. Indian i shouted Indian language greetingi chairman of the Neutral Nations j to the deparUng troops. An Amer-Repatriation Commission, made | ican voice yelled “goodby. An
The prisoners and Maj. Gen. S. P. P. Thorat, commander of the Indian troops, i to have a glass of w’ine. 'The two ■ Set.Gi TO FACE, Pg. 2-A, Col. 4 officers sat down and drank with them.
Sgt. Richard G. Corden of East Providence, R. L, acting as spokesman for the 21 Americans, told Thimayya:
“The Indians’ work has been admirable and noteworthy. Although we reposed complete trust in the custodian forces, they did not trust us but regardless we continued to
Come on Home, Face Whatever You Must, Mrs. Batchelor Says
one last appeal to the Red side Indian officer thought the Amen- j yesterday to take back the 347. ¡can was Pfc. Clarence t. Adams.
of Memphis, Tenn.
State Weather on Pg. 2-A
..... dropping helow’ the freezing mark
A Jim W’elis County grand jury, i Friday night was a wreck at 9-20 in session here, called more ix'rsons pm. to bring the total to 25 here w ho saw the courthouse scuffle. ' in a little over 36 hours.
LONG AT ODDS
HAVE YOU PAID YOUR POLL TAX?
Shivers, Teachers' Association Agree on Pay Increase Plan
AUSTIN. Jan. 22 .T-The lex.i.s State Teachers Assn. and Gov, Shivers, long at odds on the basis for a te.ifher pay raise, promised toilay joint support of a $402 com-promi.se proposal.
The croup included Mrs. Kate Bell of Hou.ston. TSTA president, and Supt. J. B. MoNiel of Wiehit.x Falls.
The governor tiaii indicated his endorsement when the compromise
The approximate date of a spe- was recommended Wednesday by j
Polls I’aUI Kniia\ Polls l*ald to Dale Polls I’auf Last Year I‘oU» Paid in 1952 Day» before dcadltii#
290 , 4.9.'^ 7,093 18.090
cial Legf.slature to consider the matter wU’ be tndicaled tomorrow Shiver« said.
The second or third week of March mluht he a probable starting lln.t of the 30-day ses.slon.
A TS’FA delegation reiHuted to Shivers shortly after their F.xecii-tlve Committee unanimously endorsed the compromise.
Bittntrne»» Ab»»nt Bitterness and rancor on P'Sst exchanges wer«' absent Shivers chuckled when Snpt Henry Stilweli of Texarkana promised he would supi>ort the $402 proposi-tlon as stubbornly as he did an unsureessful $600 bill last year.
“Certainly,” »aid Shivers, “the governor’s office 1» going to be as stubborn as anyone tUe In pushing thl» through.'*
a committee w hich Shivers and Ihi TSr.\ aptminted in September to iixm out differences.
’r.S’I'A’s executive group accepted the plan after .Stihvell commended It a« the best that could be done.
• There’s no reservation in my thinking.” Stillwell told his eol-leagues.
“It is my eaiaext conviction that no principies were compromised or .sacrificed by either side. As the 25 member committee worked, it
deals with the problem of how the .state and local school dLtricis fhould divide the cost of a public school sy.steni.
.As urged bv Shis ers. the plan would change local contributions to the minimum foundation program from a lived 45 million dollars a year to 2(1 per cent of the total. The .state would pay 8(1 jver cent.
To meet the plea of school people that local districts can't pay higher operation.sl co.sts and still pay all the building eost.s. the state for the fimt time would help meet construction expenses The stale’s contribution would be In-dirt'ct. taking the form of a SliiO vea*' credit per teacher unit tor each .sohiHil district.
The cost of a $40'i aeros« the
would ha\e been difficult to tell board increase h estimated at 2S»s
who was appointed by tlie governor ami who was .npiM'lntcd by TSrA.”
Co»t Diviiion Aside from the question of how’ much to raise teachers’ minimum »alary scale, the compromiit
million dollars. IN here the money will come fixmi remains unanswered. Shivers is hopeful the Supreme ('ourt will uphold the state’s natural gas pliieline tax, freeing mort ihan enough money to pay the higher salaries the next school year.
Sunny skies will continue Saturday to melt Abilene area snow, the U. S. Weather Bureau at Municipal Airport predicted Friday night.
Runoff from the melting snow* isn t expected to bolster the water supply in .Abilene’s three lakes, Curti.s ” Harlin. Jr.. city water superintendent, said Friday.
Nearly all of the snow water will soak into the ground as the thaw* progresses, he believed.
The Weather Bureau fixed precipitation which fell early Thursday at .65 of an inch.
Good news for gutter-struck, w heel-spinning motorists in .Abilene came Friday night from Elmer H. Finch, city street sui>erintendent. who re|>orted that a grader working aher midnight Friday likely will have 99 per cent of the ice cleared from gutters hv morning.
A four-man shift, which normally works at night sweeping streets and cleaning alleys, was instructed to work elearmg away ice and sanding and salting frozen ai'eas. Finch said The gutter-clearing work wa.s to he done with a road grader blade.
No fronts vvei’« in sight for this area Friday night, the Weather Bureau reported High temperature for S.’itimiay w as expected to be 45. .A possible freeze was seen for Saturdav ni.ght, when the forecasted low 1.« set at ¡^3.5. High Sunday is expected to be 5.5
Harlin reportevi on the lake situation after Uking a vtiive to l^ke Fort Phantom Hill Friday afternoon. Some water generally stands in Cedar Creek near the lake. No nottceabli tnci^ase was seen by Harllii.
Gouzenko's Masked Appearance Out
TORONTO. Jan. 22 J?—Hamilton Boulter, president of the Royal Canadian Military Institute, said tonight plans for Lgor Gouzenko to address institute members next week have been canceled.
It was reported earlier this week that Gouzenko, former Russian F.mbassy code clerk in Ottawa who exposed a Soviet-sponsored spy ring in Canada in 1946, would speak, possibly wearing a mask and perhaps under RCMP guard. The institute is an organization of former military men.
Woman Hurt in Train Crash 'Improved'
SWEETWATER. Jan. 22 (RNS) —The condition of Mrs. Joe Conners, who received a fractured ^ull and a severed right leg just above the ankle, in a taxicab-train accident here, was reported by attendants at Sweetweter Hospital Friday night as being “a little improved." , .
The other two occupants of the automobile also remained in the hospital. .Mrs. Mattie Whisenhunt who received a broken collarbone and broken ribs was reported as resting ”fairl.v well.” Malcolm White, the driver, was “resting well " He was only slightly Injured, suffering cuts and bruises.
SUNDAY HEADLINERS IN REPORTER-NEWS
What will the compromise teacher pay hike proposal, agreed on by “both sides” this week in Austin mean to
Tavlor Countv teachers?
An analvsi's of the new plan, expected to go before a special session of the Legislature soon, will be ill the Sunday Reporter-News. It will be written by Kath-arvn Duff, state editor, who covered the 1953 legislative session for The Reporter-News. .
This is just one of the special features coming to you in the Sunday paper. Others are designed to interest all members of the familv—dealing with such varied subjects as West Texans’ stake in the public housing program, an Abilene firm which makes soap for Puerto Hicans, the first in the series for your civil disaster scrapbook pictures and stories from Saturday’s heavy slate of livestock shows, and the latest in sports events and so on and on.
Editorials bv Frank Grimes will, as usual be one of the outstanding features of the Reporter-News. The big Sun-dav paper will bring vou the latest news, specialty news and general news, from local and territorial writers and from The Associated Press.
KERMIT, Jan. 22 UB-The mothtr of Cpl. Claude Batchelor, who changed his mind late about staying with the Reds in. Korea, said tonight she hoped he’d come on home "and face whatever he has face.”
Mrs. O. L. Batchelor said that when told tonight the army had filed court martial charges against Cpl. Kdwand Dickenson, the other American prisoner of war who at first refused to leave the Reds then changed his mind.
“I hope it’s nothing serious," Mrs. Batchelor said.
“But I hope whatever it is, that Claude will come on home and face whatever he has to face and get It over with.”
Batchelor is still in the Tokyo army hospital.
His mother said they had a letter from him last Saturday and that he seemed in good spirits—“more like himself than he has been In a long time.’*
Batchelor s father is an oilfield wxirker in this West Texa.s town. Six of his eight brothers and sisters live at home.
His mother said Claude wrote that he was coming home “soon” and would bring his Japanese wife.
r. a. DfrA«TMENT or commebci
ABMJENI and vicinity F»ir sn4 wurmir Saturday aad Sunday. hifh Saturday «5 low Saturday night jS-35, high Sunday 6S NORTH CENTRAL AND WEST TEXAS Partly cluudy t«> cloudy and warinar Saturday and Sunday
EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS Incraaaing cloudln**t and warmar Saturday and Sunday with occaalonal rain baainntng In th# aouth Sunday.
tt . tt . It . It IT
4 JO » 30
T 30 I 10
II JO 13 it
Hi*h and low Umparaluraa lor Ivhoura tnduii at t JO p m 3» aMl It High and luw ttmpaiaturaa aawt data laat yrar St and 33 Sunatt laat ni«M t M P m ; SuAflM I» gay T at a m Sunaat umUhi t 04 f m. Saromatar raadJng at i 10 P-li. IS 14 Ralattva humtditi •» i li »4S. HH.