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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 23, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCOR! 4gh War Loon quoto $3,245,000.00 Soles Saturday    303,764.00 Sales this month    606,016.50 Shortage    2,638,983.50 m>t abilene Reporter WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR TOUS WK SM. I CH VO!    GOI±Jy™ SUNDAY SUNDAY MORNING, JANI: ARY ^4-THIRTY-FOUR PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS United Prm» (VI*.) PRICE FIVE CENTS \ UL. L.A1I1, nu.          —-—-   Al* No Major Opposition Encountered in Either Landing or Advancing J    ■    *T    .........    Af    line    and    twisting    up    to    the    bomb    P-51    photo    reconnaissance    pilot    o< BY KENNETH DIXON ADVANCED AIRBASE IN ITALY. Jan. 22</F)—From the air the Allied troops who started the surprise landing far behind the German line on the western coast of Central Italy appeared to be still itfeving steadily forward late this afternoon and as yet meeting no major enemy opposition. I flew over the beachhead shortly before 4 o'clock, riding the plexiglass nose of a Boston Glidebomber on a mission to crumble the buildings of the town of Frosinone into the streets to block highway six—the road to Rome—so that German supplies and reinforcements from the Cassino front couldn't reach the area. As a hitchhiker on the successful mission of these A20'a of the 12th Air Support Command I noted these things: Landing craft were streaming in to the shore in the American sector of the beachhead. No shells were falling in their area as they approached. There were no artillery flashes visible from the inland areas still occupied by the enemy. ♦ The only major movement I I could see wa* friendly forces pushing forward. The skies still were dominated by our planes: the only questionable aircraft we encountered were four unidentified planes which were believed to be ME109s. They did not attack us. Our formations led by Lt. Karl Block of San Francisco was not even shot at up to the time Staff j Sgt. John H Baker, one of our gunners from Youngstown. Ohio, yelled: “On the way! On the way! Everything okay, Everything okay! Lt. John V. Budekiewic*. of Dorchester, Mass., our pilot, and Staff Sgt. Floran Laone, of Zwolle, la., our other gunner, both were amated. Previous missions over the area had resulted in "flak so thick you could walk on it." At the beachhead I saw several landing craft up on the shore. From then on until we went weav ing and twisting up to the bomb ; P-51 photo reconnaissance pilot of run. dodging the flak that wasn't Tacoma, Wash., told of seeing two there, the only activity visible was Focke Wulfs bomb the beach and that of American troops and equip- strafe the landing craft. Spitfire* ment moving forward.    and Warhawka whipped down and I drove them off and believed they The skies were thick    with    knocked down one German plane. Allied planes-    In    addition    the    Warhawks were reported to have shot down at leas* Lt Maurice Nordlund, 20-year-old I six enemy planes. Sidestep Defense Lines OBJECTIVE SIGHTED—Outflanking the German defense lines in Italy, Allied troops are moving towardthtscity, Rome the No. I objective in the campaign of that sector. At last reports there had been little opposition as the troops moved in from the beaches. _________ Magdeburg Blazing from Big Bombing LONDON, Jan. 22 (AP)-The Central German industrial «tv of Magdeburg, twice destroyed by fire centuries ago, fncf more was ablaze tonight after a terrific banimering by the RAF which brought to a climax a mighty 26-hou* aerial battle involving perhaps 3.000 Allied planes. _ Large sections of the city, a - ROY MIGHT WANT ALPHABET CHANGE By LEONARD MILLIAN Associated Press Mar Editor Far-ranging American bombers hit widely scattered strongpoints of Japans outlying circle of defense from frigid Paramushiro to the Equatorial Solomons while Australians resumed their inland drive toward enemy strongholds on Northeast New Guinea. Allied bombers returned unscathed from every raid except on fiercely defended Rabual where, Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported today, 15 Japanese and six Allied planes were shot down. Tile dog fight accompanied a raid Thursday afternoon by low flying Mitchell medium bombers. Liberator heavies followed up with another attack on the Northeastern New Britain enemy base Friday morning. Around 200 Japanese planes and 42 Allied raiders have been destroyed over Rabaul this month. Start of the Australian push up the Faria river vallev toward the. Paramushiro Is Japan s first line Madang area was announced on the of defense against first anniversary of their drive to aion from Alaska,    a possi^ were about 25 miles from Bogad-! times jim. the nearest of a series of strong points in the Madang area. Down the Northeast New- Guinea coast American planes strafed Japanese retreating before a coastal force of Australians almost Into the arms of Americans at Saidor. Northwest of Madang a 7.000 ton tanker was sunk. A Japanese freighter was bagged near the Admiralty islands in the Bismarck sea. Aleutian-based bombers twice attacked the Paramushiro naval base, at the northern tip of the home islands of Nippon, early morning darkness All the planes made the 1,500-mile round trip safely. A single plane and antiaircraft fire meeting the first flight was the only opposition. Five fortified Islands in the Marshalls were attacked Friday, the 19th aav this month that the mandated islands have been hit. Bombers and fighters of the Southeast Asia command marie wide sweep* over enemy land and sea communications in Burma. Ground forces raptured another village in the southwest and cleared the enemy from another stretch of the pathway of the new Ledo road in Northern Burma. Tile strain of war on Japan's in the food, transportation and produc- Friday. I tion was reflected in her record said 70 towns and hamlets breaking non-military budget. Tokyo radio announced the budget of 15.415,000.000 yen. or about $3,545 -000.00 at the pre-war exchange rate, included IO new items. Trunk Rails LONDON. Sunday, Jan. 23 (AP)—Tile Russians, pursuing the beaten German besiegers of Leningrad, have closed to within six miles of the great rail hub of Krasnog-vardeisk controlling the trunk railways to Estonia and Poland while other forces to the east have cleared a second Leningrad-Moscow rail route and are advancing to free the third. Tile Moscow’ midnight bulletin, recorded by the Soviet Monitor, and hamlets were captured and over 2,500 Get mans were killed in the Leningrad area ’ iii junction harboring a wide Variety of war industries, were left in flames by a deluge of more than 2,000 long tons of explosives and incendiaries dropped with saturat-$.ig effect in 34 minutes by CORPUS CHRISTI. Jan. 22—</P) There is only one letter's differ ft.lg CHCVl ll* V* ......  >    !    - ---- ------- planes which flew more than j ence jn names Roy and Ray, 300 miles to reach their tar gets.    A , Tile assault brought to at least f300 tons the total weight of bomb \,rled on Europe by Allied air armadas in two nights and a day. An RAF assault on Berlin Thursday night and an American heavy bomber pounding of the "rocket Aim coast" of France Friday weie Sue other principal raids. While the RAF was pulverising Magdeburg, *3 mi es southwest of Berlin, smaller fleets of four-engined Lancas-« ter* and plywood Mosquitos ' again visited bomb-scarred Berlin, and the Germans unwrapped a new type night raider to make their heaviest assault in a year against London.    , ^ The widespread night operations cost the British 52 bombers, one cf the heaviest losses suffered by the RAF, although a total of around 1.000 planes were ^believed j to have been Involved so that the bosses were probably kept down o five per cent. Hitler sent 90 plane* against Britain in two waves, but only 20 reached London and at 'ea‘>t -    IO were    shot    down by    British w*    night fighters    and ground defenses.    They    dropped    90 tons of bombs on Britain. A German military spokesman quoted by the Berlin radio said i hat the planes used by the Gei-wnians were of a type “so far unknown to the enemy." He add^ that "nothing further can be said for the time being about the strategic and tactical purpose of this new attack.” rn Reliable Danish sources reported ^hat the Germans had requisitioned 10.000 tons of meat from Denmark to be sent immediately to Berlin where a food shortage was adding to the hardships of bomb- but that unit of the alphabet barraged the records of three draft boards. A year ago, a man whose last name was Roy and who had registered with Draft Board No. 3 here, moved to the Rio Grande valley, and a man whose last name was Ray and who was registered with Draft Board No. 4 moved to the same valley town. Board 3 transferred Roy to the valley board for examinations, and Board 4 transferred Ray, who had already had his examinations, to the valley board for induction. A twist of the “O," sent Roy to the army without any examinations. Records of the Corpus Christi boards showed that Ray was in the army, when he was actually never called, and that Roy was delinquent during the year he was taking Ray s training Now the vowels have bern straightened out and the comedy has come to light. Roy. with a year's I service record, isn’t too amused, but Ray, still a civilian, but with a fine army record, can laugh through every act of it. Many Germans laid down their arms and surrendered In the forests west of Novgorod, I less than IOO miles south of Leningrad as the Russians cleaned out the last pockets of surrounded Naris. The railway station of Tatino, 20 miles north of Novgorod, and two other unnamed stations were raptured after a flerre battle, the communique said. Gains were also made In Southern White Russia where seven communities were taken as the forces of GNI. Konst ant inp Rokossovsky reached out from captured Kalin -kovichi through the Pripet marshes. In the north, after capturing Mag Friday, the Russians opened the railway from Leningrad to Moscow via Mga, Volkhov, Vologda and Yaroslavl. By yesterday’s gains the Russians cleared the Leningrad to Moscow line via Mga Kurishi and Ovinishche, which Is shorter. However, the Russians were now driving for the double-tracked mainline through Kolpino-Tosno and Kalinin, the most efficient route between tile Soviet unions two lai-gest cities. Swinging in from the east, where Mga was raptured, Red army troops were only 12 miles northeast of Tosno with the capture of Voskresenskoye. Resistance Weak on Advance Near Rome By WES GALLAGHER ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Jan. 22 (AP)— American and British troops by the thousands landed practically without opposition on the beaches south of Rome and moved inland today in a daring, successful seaborne blow that completely surprised the Germans and deeply outflanked the powerful ‘‘Gustav’* and “Adolf Hitler” defense lines. The Germans placed the scene 16 to 28 miles south of Rome on a 30-mile flat coast between the Tiber river mouth and the resort town of Nettuno, and they admitted loss of Nettuno harbor. Allied headquarters said the landing caught the Nam by “complete surprise’’ and “constitute a grave menace’ to enemy communications. Troops who splashed ashore met “slight” resistance and are making “satisfactory progress" in their drive inland. ________— I The great amphibious Bond Sales Here Pickup: Leaders Stress E Series Taylor county’s Fourth War Loan drive took on new life Saturday when reports from issuing agents showed purchase of $382,381.75 more war bonds. Purchases reported Friday aud Saturday more than doubled the amount purchased from Jan I to Prida.v and brought the January buying to a total of $606,01650 This left the county $2,638,983.50 short of the Fourth War Loan Quota of $3,245,000. Although approximately $100,-000 of the bond* bought f riday and Saturday were E bond*, and that wa* encouraging, the county wa* wtill more than a million dollar* *hort of ita E aerie* quota of $1,303,000. Wool Growers Ask Price Guarantees DENVER. Jan. 22 —u$»>— Re ports were current today that the National Wool Growers association may formally demand price guarantees from the federal government as protection against the release of vast w'ool stockpiles. The organization will open a three-day convention here Monday. Stuart Hoffman, Montroe, president of the Colorado Wool Growers, said wool men are perturbed by the increasing stockpile of domestic and foreign wool. They fear, he said, that the backlog will be released on the American market, with ‘devastating’’ price results. • WIDOW RECEIVES POSTHUMOUS AWARD TO HUSBAND—Standing r.ki<11v al altin, tion in front of the flag for which her husband died on the field of battle, Mrs. Lloyd J. Bex, Abilene was presented the Silver Star medal at Camp Barkeley Saturday morning, awarded posthumously to her husband for gallantry in aition during the Sicilian campaign. pTnning the medal on Mrs. Bex is Col. Victor W. B. Wales. Camp Barkery eommandor. who lost a son in the service of his country during the successful invasion of North Africa. Capt. John I). Wilson, left, camp adjutant, read the 45th division general ord^ v^ch au* thorned the posthumous award to Captain Bex, w ho w as killed in action in Italy last Si pl. ll. (Rcporter-News photo). POSTHUMOUS SILVER STAR AWARDED CAPI. BEX C. M Caldwell, county war bond cha Irma, i, wa* hopeful that the county would now really get Into the swing of the campaign and eat See WAR BONDS. Pg «. Col. I Coleman War Bond Sales $153,607.50 COLEMAN. Jim 22 — • Spl’ Sale of war bond.* in the Fourth War I .oh n drive totaled $153,607.50 in Coleman county Saturday at noon. the county war bond committee reported County goal is $802,000. stroke that ended the Italian deadlock was timed perfectly with a new general Fifth Army offensive on the land front which fully occupied the stubborn German Tenth Army. I Tile NRC correspondent In Naples reported the German* facing the old front in the Liri valley "hava started to break, and enemy vehicles now are reported moving northward.* Kenneth Dixon Associated Pre** correspondent who flew over the beaches south of Rome said German anti-aircraft fire at a road junction town was so slight that the Nazi* either were dispersing their weapons or retreating. Don Whitehead, Associated Press correspondent who accompanied the amphibious fore* a* representative of the combined American press, wrote that the 2 a. rn. landing "was so easy and simply done and caught the German* so completely by surprise that as I write this dispatch si* hour* af-the landing, American troops are literally standing with their mouth* open and shaking their heads in utter amaiement ” "I still don’t believe it,” a Fifth Army infantryman, veteran of other amphibious operation* told him. Attractive Mrs Lloyd J Bex, the former Mary Frances Tittle, daughter of Mr. and Mrs G. B. Tittle, •2041 North Third, Saturday morning was presented the Silver Star medal which had been awarded posthumously to her husband, a captain of infantry. Col. Victor W B Wales, commanding officer of Camp Barkery, made the presentation after Capt. John T. Wilson, camp adjutant, had read the general order which authorized the award to Captain Bex erations and training officer, served as personal escort for Mrs, Bex during the ceremony. Captain Bex was killed in action in Italy. Sept. ll. 1943, only two days after American troops stormed the beaches at Salerno to launch the current Fifth Army drive toward Rome Captain Bex came to Camp Barkeley with the 45th division early in 1941 and he and the former Miss Tittle were married about two Jng. Phone Surcharges Being Eliminated WASHINGTON. Jan. 22 fbUl surcharges will be eliminated February 15 on interstate long-distance telephone calls made from hotels, apartment houses, clubs, and similar places, the Federal Com* munication* Commission announced . today. J Bolivia Announces It'll Fight Axis WASHINGTON, Jan. 22 —oT — The new Bolivian government disclaimed any link with forces unfriendly to the United States by announcing today that it would declare war on the Axis. The position of President Villar-’roel’s regime was made known by Fernando Iturralde, sub-secrq uiv [of the Bolivian foreign office. This general order No. 27 from headquarters of the 45th Infantry division follows: “Lloyd J. Bex. 0-409.336, Captain, infantry, for gallantry in action on xxth July 1943 near XXXXX, Sicily. Enemy forces composed of infantry and supporting tanks launched a strong attack in the zone defended by Company K Captain Bex while under rifle, machine gun, and 88mm gun fire, personally, conducted the successful defense of his company s position, and immediately launched a vigorous counter-attack causing i the enemy to withdra v in confusion with great loss in personnel and tanks. Tile determination, perser-verance, and aggressive leadership of Captain Bex set an inspiring examble to his men, contributing materially in the success of the action.” By command of Major General Middleton: James C. Styron, Colonel, G. S. C., Chief of Staff Dated 19 October 1943. Presentation of the medal to Mrs Bt* was made on the parade j years ago grounds in front of camp headquar- Capta.n Bex was ters. Band of the Military Police Training Center at Barkeley provided music for the ceremony and the guard of honor was the 1370th Military Polite company, commanded by Capt. Earl F. Sherman. Lt. Col. B Ray, commander of the MP TC. and Lt. Col. H Ft Noack, acting commander of the MF PC, and other officers from the MP center and camp headquarters, attended the ceremony. Lt. Col. Leslie V Lyng, camp op-neth Walter. State Sales Reach $22,918,027 Mark DALLAS, Jan. 22 —</P>— War bond sales to individuals in Texas reported officially for the first four days of the Fourth War Loan drive totalled $22,918,027 the state headquarters for the d»ivf disclosed today. That amount represented 10 9 per cent of the state quota for $210,000 -OOO for sales to individuals The Treasury has asked only sales to individuals be reported officially H. a son of Mr. Bex of Mangum, and Mis. J Okla. Members of Mrs Bex’s family and friends attending the presentation ceremony at camp included: Her parents. Mr. and Mrs. Tittle; MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay, Jan. 22 ^—Uruguay and Cuba announced today they would not recognize the month-old revolutionary regime in Bolivia, topping off a series of widely-separated developments in connection with allegations of Nazi activities in South America. Argentina ll the only American republic to recognize the Bolivian regime and, with Bolivia, is the only one which did not participate in recent exchanges of information concerning the Bolivian coup last month. Uruguay’s announcement said Bo- ------------ livia would not be recognized “while J through January 31 present circumstances persist In La Paz, Bolivian capital. Foreign Minister Jose Tomayo said non-recognition "finds us serene because we have expected the news." The Argentine government itself was meanwhile in the midst of an inquiry into a possible spy ring as a result of Hellmuth’s arrest by the British. Oscar Ibarra Garcia, undersecretary of the Argentine foreign office, had uncovered compromising evidence but that nothing could be disclosed at present Hellmuth has been fired. Montevideo police announced that a letter of purported instructions to Nazi agents in South America to sabotage pan-American unity had been delivered to a Montevideo IHE WEATHER iT. a. Sal. I* I* IS ll TM TS s- *7 K r I. three sisters, Mrs O. II Cannon, newspaper by a German who was Juanita and Rebecca Tittle; a bro- kicked out of Argentina for forg oer, Jimmie Don Tittle; a nephew William Cannon; Mrs John D. Simpson Jr., Mrs. Leslie French, Eloise Elmore. Mr*. Rh hard Ha- good, Bonnie"Church and Mr?- Ken- sued » statement dmyim- know- 1 ledge of the persons mentioned. dkfabtmint or commerce VI I ATHIH HI Kl Al ABILENE ANO VK IN IT 7 Parti* cloud' tonight,    tole,    little chang* In temperature. I AST TI X '* Cloud' in south portion fair in north sum!*'. Mood*' parti' announced'that police J J;;-* — ••>»■—«    •llM* W I *T TIX'' r*rtl) cloud' '■linda' and Monde': III I lr temperature rhang-1 I MPI K 'I I Kl * % M    lr,    HOIK Sat TM — 4*    I    -Vt — _ a .......... am — —    I *    ......    I  Bt    — _    it........ S    M    — —    II    ...... «    ...... *• *    “ —    it:    ::::::    *      •»    — 517 —    It....... »     91    ~* *7    —    17 ...... I*      — M    —    M ...... H      — U    —    Si    17    —    . High and low temperature* lo * p. m. K4 md in High and low tom* dote UM year IS and 47. Sunset lost night 7 MI >onri«e tim ntor-iin* * Sunset tonight. 7 Oh inR anti-German e\idence. In Argentina authorities kept mum on the affairs, but the German embassy in Buenos Aire* is- RU 47 44 4*i an SH sn Si SI Allied airmen said German air activity was practically non-existent. The battle-wLse British and American troops lost no time in taking advantage of the situation bv smashing straight inland toward the Appian way and the roads leading to Rome. Severing of these routes, 12 and 22 miles from the coast, would trap the bulk of the German Tenth Army, 13 divisions strong, and leave the path to Rome itself virtually undefended. Firm establishment of the beachheads below Rome was apparently far easier than at Salerno last September, and allowed a quick drive inland. The Fifth Army erupted all along Its front to the southeast in * furious all-out assault from French positions in the mountains above Sant’ Elia to British lines along the coast. It was apparent that the Allies had side-stepped the easily-defended Pontine marshes and driven onto the solid beaches farther north. Only a few scattered hills bar the route to Rome, in contrast with mile after mile of towering saber-toothed mountains on the cross-Italy fronts of the Fifth and Eighth Armies. It ha* been estimated there are 12 to 13 German divisions engaging the Allies below the scene of the landings. Cen. Sir Harry Alexander, commander of Allied forces on the Central Mediterranean front. thu> used the Allies’ best developed technique of warfare —the amphibious landing—to break the Italian stalemate and See ITALY. Pg. 6. Col. I Missing in Action PVI. Walter W. Baavk of Knox City was listed by the War department Saturday as missing in action in the Mediterranean area. Next of km is Mrs. Billie L. Baack, "lie. ;