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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 22, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE •h War Loan quota $3,245,000.00 Sales Friday    78,617.75 Sales this month    302,252.50 Shortage    2,942,747.50 tilje gftulttte porter ~ WITHOUT OR WITH OFFEN SE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE I CH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES'-Bwor. EVENING FINAL rOL. LXIII, NO. 219 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 22, 1944 • EIGHT PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Press (UJP.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Alii ies RAF Raiders Crush Magdeburg Leningrad Rail Lines Reopened LONDON, Jan. 22—(AP)—Soviet capture of Mga, key rail junction 30 miles southeast of Leningrad, has reunited Russia's second city by rail 0th Moscow for the first time since the city was laid under seige by the Germans two years ago, Moscow dispatches reported today. At the same time Leningrad gained a permanent rail link to tap lend-lease supplies coming from the northern port of Murmansk through Volkhov. During the seige Allied supplies had been reaching the northern city over a railway built on Lake Ladoga’s ice and a highway wrested from the enemy a year ago. W Capture of Mga, hailed by Premier Stalin yesterday in a special NAZIS FALL FOR SUCKER'S PUNCH order of the day, liquidated the tip of a salient long held by the Germans southeast of the former Czarist. capital. Reduction of the strategic Juno-in clima xec a new breakthrough on a 30-mile front from the Nerva river southeast to the town of Viu-yagolovo. It freed from German control the railway running from Leningrad to Moscow, 400 miles 0 the southeast, via Volkhov, Vol-ffda and Yaroslavl. Under direct pressure from the advancing Soviet forces was the main Leningrad-Moscow trunk railway a few miles westward. * * » (•The two northern Russian armies were on the offensive along the whole length and breadth of the Leningrad and Volkhov fronts, the Moscow communique reported. Led by Gens. Leonid A. Govorov and «yril A. Meretskov, both of whom hre cited by Stalin for the capture of MGA. “Under continuous blows by Soviet troops the enemy is rolling back In a southerly direction and abandoning one fortified place af-t ?r another,” the war bulletin an-.RKinced. Other units of Govorov’s Leningrad army were driving south and southwest of the city toward Krannogvardeisk, junction of an east-west escape rail actine leading to Narva. Estonia. Capture of this stracgic center would trap untold thousands of German fleeing from the East. * • * The same troops were punching Germans In front of them toward troops of Gen. Meretskov’* u,mv racing west from captured Novgorod. less than IOO miles south of Leningrad. Two thousand Germans were killed in this mopping up operation. j^The Germans also were in trouble rn lower White Russia. Here Gen. Rokossovskv’s Baltic troops lunged out in the Kalinkovichl - Mozyr area and captured Ozarichi. district center 25 miles northwest of Kal-inkovichi, and eight other towms (Vie Germans left more than 1,000 dead. MOSCOW, Jan. 22—i>Pi— Premier Stalin's grand strategy of the north began to take shape^today as the German army commanders discovered they had fallen victims to that old boxing trick—the sucker's punch. As the attack of the Red army commenced to unfold at the far end 55 Bombers Lost; Berlin Also Jabbed LONDON. Jan. 2.2.—(AP) — The RAF’s campaign to flatten German industrial tai gets crushed the city of Magdeburg in Saxony last night under more than 2,000 long tons of bombs as the major phase of a great aerial operation which included a smaller attack on Berlin. The new blows against Germany, following up a heavy 2,-200 long ton assault on the capital the previous night, cost the RAF 55 bombers, one of the heaviest losses suffered in a year. They came while the Germans themselves were stabbing at London and southeast England with two sharp raids by a force of ap- of the long iront It became appar- proximately 90 bombers ent that Stalin—who personally designs most of the Red army's su-troops large numbers ly in one direction, then added another feint which deceived the Germans into believing this was the real blow, and, as the Nazis hurried to cover up, he struck them at Leningrad, the very head of their line. Now it can be seen that his attacks at Vitebsk last month, which drew large numbers of German JU oops to this sector. 400 miles south of Lftniajjrad, was the find feint. The second feint, designed to fool the Nazis into thinking that this might be the real blow, came in the direction of Novosokolniki, 90 miles northwest of Vitebsk. The Germans poured troops and tanks and mobile guns into these areas, seeking to prevent a breakthrough towards Riga that might cut off scores of Nazi divisions to the north. When they were properly transferred, the Red army—which was preparing all the time for this —launched its Leningrad and Volkhov offensives. Argentine Held As Nazi Agent BUENOS AIRES Jan. 22.—UPh-The British have seized an Argentine consul as an "enemy agent," the Argentine foreign office has announced, and an investigation is now underway to determine whether a spy ring is operating within Argentina. Several persons already have been detained in connection with the probe, last night’s announcement said. Tile investigation was launched by the Argentine government af- Magdeburg, a city of 300,000 on Doughboys Gape LONDON, Jan. 22.—(API — Hundreds of American soldiers newly arrived in Britain experienced their first air raid last night as the biggest German bombing force in months struck at London and southeast England. People crowded into shelters by the thousands, but doughboys could be seen clustered in little groups in West End doorways absorbed by the excitement of their first air attack. the left bank of the Elbe river, about 83 miles southwest of Berlin, is a junction point for the main railways to Leipzig. Kassel and Hamburg—all previously hit heavily. Probably 1,000 planes took part in the wide-spread operations of the RAF during the night, striking also into northern France and laying mines. This made it the second 1,-000-plane Allied offensive within 14 hours. Approximately that number of American and British aircraft attacked the Pas de Calais area in daylight yesterday. The night's losses were the heaviest since 58 bombers went down during a great assault on Berlin last Aug. 23. Fourteen of the missing bombers were Canadian. Magdeburg itself was bombed exactly a week before by Mosquitos while a big fleet of British bombers concentrated on the aircraft manufacturing center of brunswick, 26 miles away, which some neutral sources now say “ceases to exist.” The Air ministry described last night's blast at Magdeburg as "a very heavy attack" and said great fires were left burning. The RAF force which returned to Berlin, where fires still blazed from iH ** -    .... GERMAN DEAD COLLECTED IN ITALY—At a collecting point somewhere near San Vittore, dead German soldiers and their equipment lie on the ground in an orchard. U. S. army medical corps vehicle is in the background. (AP Wirephoto from Signal Corps Radiophoto). Wage Lid Clamped On Farm Workers WASHINGTON, Jan. 22.—<-P>— In a move unprecedented in all American farm history, a wage control program for agricultural workers, with maximum Collings of $2,* been directed to set up state farm wage boards to hold hearings and establish maximum wages. These groups would function much in the manner of the War 400 a year. has been ordered by War , Labor board in determining the ceil- Food Administrator Marvin Jones Aides of tile administrator, who disclosed the plan, said War Food administration labor offices have Revenue Bill On Final Lap WASHINGTON, Jan. 22—— Congress reached the last lap of its labors on a new $2,275,600,000 added revenues bill today before most taxpayers had sharpened pencils for their March 15 income returns. Eight weeks after receiving the bill from the house, the senate yesterday approved it in amended ffcrm by a voice vote and today it was on its way to a house-senate conference to adjust differences. It carries approximately $130,000,°00 more revenue than the house version and is expected to swell annual treasury receipts to more than $43,500,000,-OOO. 'Principal differences between the house and senate bills involve the treatment of individual income tax ings for industrial workers. Shortly after the 1942 wage stabilization act. stabilization Director James F. Byrnes put farm wages under the supervision of the WFA but officials did not consider it necessary to take any immediate general action toward control. • • • Now however, farm wages have reached the highest point in 20 years. Many workers have gone into war plants. Those who have remained on the farms have repeatedly received what amounts to a blanket deferment from selective service. There are few restrictions on their transfer from one farm to another. Thus they are in a position to bargain; This, it was disclosed, has played a big part in leading the WFA into the unprecedented wage control program. Nazi Guns and Planes Scarce By KENNETH L. DIXON AN ADVANCED AIR BASE IN ITALY. Jan. 22—(/Pi — Returning pilots who flew a sunrise cover for the Allied landings on the w’est coast of Italy said today they had seen little or no artillery fire from the shore and that there were no fires on the beach. Sweeping back and forth over th* assault area rn F-4Q Warhawks atm OOO feet. the pilots found ncf ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Jan. 22 — '.API — A spokesman for the Allied Mediterranean airforre announced this afternoon that an Allied air campaign had knocked out all “airfields in the Rome area except one.” ter Osmar Alberto Hellmuth, recently named as auxiliary consul at the 2,300 long tor* bombing of the INTERNATIONAL G I R L— The pin-up fad has taken on international proportions, now t'^t a group of soldiers in Imile picked Movie Actress Evelyn Ankers (above), who was born in that South American country, as their favorite pj^i-up girl. (AP Wirephoto). Barcelona, Spain, was taken by British officials from a vessel at Trinidad while en route to his post. Asserting that “as information supplied by the British foreign office may imply the existence of an espionage organization in our country, of which Hellmuth was said to be a member,” the announcement said that “the government has ordered an ample investigation and has given all information to the federal police." « * * < An Associated Press dispatch from Montevideo. Uruguay, said yesterday that the newspaper La Razo n had published a purported photograph of a letter signed by Rup-pert Weilhermer, secretary of the political bureau of the German embassy at Buenos Aires, instructing all Nazi agents in South America to do their utmost this year to break up the Pan-American bloc. (La Razon declared the letter definitely proved a connection be» tween German agents and the Argentin e revolution of last June as well as a link with the Bolivian coup of last month. See AIR WAR Pg. 8 Col. 5 tracts. The two houses were virtually together on increases in tile corporate excess profits tax, estimated to bring in $502,700,000 more than the present rates. Tile senate bill would capture $664,900,000 more from individual income tax payers, through elimination of the earned income credit and the deductions for federal excise taxes paid. However the senators jettisoned the house program for integrating the victory tax with iUS5JI,"r.„,S5r.r7 S'”' "“‘if* to*™*    ™    «>.    ground the east texas parti cloudy. Little machinery was too cumbersome. Inchange in temperature this afternoon, stead, the senate voted to make the t0\vEST *texAS—Generaiiy fair this af- victory tax a straight 3 percent levy tfrnoon, tonight and Sunday. Little on income over $624 a year, regard- Ch5?.‘;„V‘ £SSaS7-y-*ni»-: CH, I lM* °<    rtatu.. Office. SB. Airport. 69 Lowest this morning City office. 37, Airport. Co. Highest Medal To Texas Flier ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, New* Guinea. Jann. 22. —(/Pi—Col. Neel Kearby, San Antonio. Tex., fighter pilot w'ho shot down six Japanese planes In one fight, was awarded the Congees and the renegotiation of war con- signal Medal of Honor today enemy aircraft during their first few patrols. They said weather was ideal for the operation. They reported boats already beached along the coast and said some landing; craft were already going back out to the ships for additional loads. MaJ. Bruce Biddlecome of Phoenix. Ariz., leader of one patrol, said. “I could see boats on the shore and some vehicles on the beach. There w’ere fires or explosions inland— possibly from our naval guns." Lt. Col. Leonard C. Lydon of Stuart. la., who led a flight over the battle field at 6:30 a. rn,, said he could see boats sweeping in from the sea. He added that several Allied warships a few miles out at sea were firing continuous broadsides into targets some distance inland. THE WEATHER ll. S. DSPARTMINT of commerce WEATHER Bl REAL ABILENE AND VICINITY Partly General Douglas MacArthur, in the first such ceremony in his southwest Pacific command, pinned Americas highest military award on Kearby’s tunic before a small group of witnesses. Forts Soften Up Enemy Defenses -*6—48 45—45 41—44 .19—42 38—41 37-39 37—41 37—44 37—47 44—54 —61 .Sunrise this morning. 8 38. Sunset tonight: 7:04. TEMPERA TI RES Sit-Iri Fri-Thurs A. M Hour I*, ti. 49—47 I 63—62 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Lunar Event Viewed Folks who were up in time to see I the moon this morning might have 68—701 wondered why the dark part was ejZ™ I illuminated. Paul Atchin&on, local t»«—701 astronomer, says it was only the 62-i>3 result of a little extra reflection from the earth which occurs every 53—52 month. 54—50 The moon was very close to Venus 52—4» | thjg morning, too. another monthly i occurrence. YANKS WIPE OUT NAZI GHQ HIDDEN NEAR POPE S SUMMER PALACE AN ADVANCED AIRBASE IN ITALY, Jan. 21—(Delayed) — fP —A German frontline air corps’ headquarters. carefully hidden in what was previously considered “neutral” territory because of its proximity to the summer residence of Pope Pius XII, was reported destroyed today by dive-bombing A36 Invaders from the 12th air support command. Returning pilots, who had been painstakingly briefed for the special mission, said the Pope’s summer home and surrounding area of Castel Gandolfo. south of Rome, “never felt a thing.” The German “flicker corps" headquarters was housed in a villa near Frascati, south of Rome and only about five miles from Castel Gandolfo. The entire area had been voluntarily restricted by the Allies and our planes forbidden to fly over it. Apparently the Nazis learned of the restrictions and slipped in a headquarters t o take advantage of it. Two flights of eight Invaders each peel out of a formation ten minutes apart shortly after noon and scored 26 direct hit* on the headquarters villa. Two bombs landed on the west wing of the building, causing a tremendous explosion which the pilots said enveloped the entire villa, sending up coluds of black smoke. • • ♦ “Most of our bombs hit the target and I’m sure we knocked out the whole building,” said Lt. Marin J. Snider of Elkton, Mich., leader of one of the flights. “There was no activity around the villa and no flak. It looked like we surprised them." “The Germans thought they d AT A U S. 15TH AIR FORCE BASE IN ITALY. Jan. 22 -'/Pi—A large force of Flying Fortresses at-\/P)—A 1 tacked two important German air bases in France north of Marseille yesterday and gave the creaking rail system in northern Italy another stiff Jolt. These and other widespread air operations helped to soften up enemy defenses for this morning's new amphibious landing on the west coast of Italy. Twenty German fighters were knocked from the sky during the day, fighter planes of the 15th accounting for seven. Five American planes were lost during the operations. Liberators attacked railroad targets at Pisa, Pontedera, and Prato-all In northern Italy. The French airdromes hit by the Fortresses were those at 1st res Ie Tube, 31 miles northwest of    Mar seille, and Salon de Provence in the same area. The Germans threw up a heavy flak barrage over both fields and approximately a dozen Messersch-mitts and Focke-Wulfs came up to battle. The Fortresses shot down five pull a    fast    one    when    they    put    their    Me-109s flncLlJirf,c PW-190s    while headquarters    so    near    the    Pope’s    escorting P-38 Lightnings got    three Bulgaria Bolstered STOCKHOLM, Jan. 22-Budapest dispatch to the newspaper Dagens Nyheter reported today that German troops reinforcements “in great strength" have arrived in Bulgaria. Pay Your Poll Tax! County goal ..... 15.000 Paid Friday  ........142 Paid to date .......  4,990 $1.75 qualifies you to vote in this year’s elections. Pay at: Collector’s office, Court House. Fain Pharmacy. West Texas Utilities office. Branch post office at McMur-ry, Hardin-Simmons, and ACC. * a * DEADLINE—January 31. Rome Cassino Hit From Front ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Jon. 22— (AP)—Powerful American and British forces of the Fifth army striking by sea toward Rome landed on the west coast of central Italy before dawn today in a heavy attack to smash the Germans' flank and turn their winter fortifications in the Gustav and Adolf Hitler lines. The first landings were successful, winning a beachhead several miles long, and "the situation is developing favorably," Allied headquarters announced at noon. The announcement did not locate the invasion point. (Berlin declared the landing was made between the mouth of the Tiber, 16 miles southwest of Rome, and Net-tuno, about JO miles southeast of the Tiber and the same distance from Rome. The harbor of Nettuno has been occupied, the broadcast added.) The hold thrust was commanded by Lt. Gen. Mark W. C lark under the direction of the new commander of central Mediterranean forces in Italy, Gen. Sir Harold Alexander. Ending the slow process of frontal attack alone, it was supported by blistering air and naval bombardments, and followed air attacks that have severed the Home area from communications to the north. This left the Germans there with only their immediate resources on the spot, air officials declared. It was coupled with a general assault from Gen. Clark’s Fifth army front farther south along a 15-mile line. American troops forced their way across the Rapido river near Cassino against “withering fire,” French troops seized two mountains in the same arca, and British forces captured more villages on the north bank of the Garigliano. The Nazis launched several fierce counterattacks on this front, an indication that the great amphibious flank attack apparently had taken them by surprise. American Rangers and British Commandos of the Fifth army spear* headed the new leapfrog landing, the biggest sea-borne attack In Italy since the Invasion ramming ashore near Salerno in September. First reports did not indicate the strength of German resistance. All t)ie experience of Iatlian and Sicilian invasion jumps strengthened the new sea-borne plunge. The first wave spread over the beachhead, and the invading fleet sped supplies ashore. (Berlin’s account placed the Allies within 30 miles of RomeJ THRUST CHANGES HALO PICTURE The invasion changed the entire picture in the battle of Italy, placing Allied troops behind as well as In front of the enemy in thai area, and the next 24 hours will probably make the Germans decide whether to stay in the pocket and fight it out, or withdraw northward. Apparently they had no great force in place to oppose the landings. As soon as the first troops swept ashore, the whole invasion machinery, so often battle-tested, began moving at top speed. Reinforcements waded to the shore and the task of getting guns, ammunition, and supplies to the beach started. The Allies were in the rear of the “Gustav line” along th* Garigliano and Rapido rivers, against which the Fifth army has been haltering for IO days, and the “Adolf Hitler” line thrown up soms six miles behind this. The smash into the Liro valley came from the Cassino area. where American and French troops have been pressing against the German Gustav line. American troops crossed the Rapido river “under withering fire.’’ a communique said. French troops converging on Cassino from the northeast seized an important height. HOP CATCHES NAZIS BY SURPRISE By RICHARD G. MABROUK WITH THE FIFTH ARMY IN ITALY, Jan. 22—(TP— American and British amphibious forces lunged ashore on the west coast of Italy before daybreak today and planted a beachhead wedge between the German armies to the south and their bases in the north. The amphibious assault has been in preparation for weeks. For days the waters off the Italian coast along the Fifth army front have been black with huge concentrations of ships which gave the boys a busier appearance even than New York harbor in peace times. It seemed the Germans were unaware of these preparations. As far as is known here no attempt was made by Nazi planes, submarines or Mosquito boats to attack the shipping at anchor waiting for the night when it would carry the assault to the enemy. Ten German divisions have been identified on the Fifth and Eighth army fronts In recent weeks, with at least three more in the rear. The greater number of these forces presumably has been defnding the roads to Rome on the Fifth army side of the peninsula where the fighting has been the heaviest. more Messerschmitts. Nazi U-Boat Sunk In Convoy Attack LONDON, Jan. 22.—(UP)—American and British warships supported by Royal Air Force planes sank one U-boat, probably destroyed another and damaged several in fend- home,” said Lt. William M. Fox of 2.000 37th St., Washington, D. C., the other flight leader, “but our bombs were right on the target and Castel Gandolfo never felt a thing.” Lt. Col. Harold E. Kofahl of Fellows, Calif., the Invader group commander, aid the pilots were carefully briefed for the mission and that they carried photographs of the German headquarters villa an Allied convoy in the Atlantic ai—.    .    , to make doubly sure their bomos few weeks ago, it was announced    h»    not    shown on the map.^would he near terminus ROAD TO ROME—Allied troops were taking the short road to Rome today after landing on the near-by Tryhennian coast. Berlin placed the landings between the mouth of Tiber, 16 miles southwest of Rome. and Nettuno, about 30 miles mg off a major German attack on sout beast of the Tiber and the same distance from Rome. hit the right target. today. of the road drawn southeast of the Eternal City. ;