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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 20, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE 4Hth War Loan quota Tuctday Sales thii month Shortage Abilene WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS-OR FOES WE SKL'lCH WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXIII, NO. 217 A TEXAS NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 20, 1944 -TWELVE PAGES ,AP> VnlM (Of.) PRICE FIVE CENTS ern Rails to Rome Cut THE 'BENDS' SEEM FATAL FOR GERMAN ARMIES JJy this time the German high command ought to fear "the bends" as much as do dccn-sea divers. The big bends Russian rivers make as (hey (wist toward the Black sea seem to have a fata! fascination for German generals, who rush their armies into these treacherous pock- ets and, when threatened on three sides by the Red armies, fail to withdraw before dis- aster traps them, Map above shows "bend" defeats Wchrmacht has suffered in Russia. Reds Advance Twelve Miles At Leningrad LONDON, Thursday, Jan. 20 an all-out'offen- sive to free Leningrad com- pletely from two and one-half years of siege, the Red army smashed 12 miles forward yes- terday, seizing by storm two key fortress towns and bfasl- ing through an intricate maze of steel and concrete foiiifica- ions before running .up against a second line of eqtial- y strong permanent defenses inging the city's suburbs. A second drive, closely co- 3 More Jap Ships Sunk Gunfire, Planes fail to Thwart Bomber Attack ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, New Gui- nea, Thursday, Jaii. 20 (AP) more than 100 Jap- anese planes and, a heavy cur- tain of anti-aircraft fire, tor pedo and dive bombers pounced'on 12 Japanese mer- -chant ships at Rabaul Mon- hitting eight, definitely sinking three and probably getting two others. During the big New Britain raid, announced today, by Gen. Douglas AtacArtlvur's headquarters, at least 13 and probably 33 enemy Inter- ceptors were downed. The loss n! 12 raiders W.K acknowledged. The bombers, flying from Srjlo- bases, went in at Rabaul on IB nth raid there this month at 1 p. m. Monday to lind eight ships anchored on the west side of Simp- son harbor and four more In Ker- Bvia bay a. few miles soulh. Three wiipponese destroyers were circling the bay. Barges set up at the mouth of the bay with anti-aircraft guns were used after the nunncr the Germans use flak the English channel. The Japanese set up more Interceptors than thev had done in other recent raids and a fierce air fight ensued with the lightly outnumbered Cor- sairs, Hellcats and Lightnings. (Prior lo the official Allied re- port, Tokyo radio quoted an im- headquarters communique as "aying approximately 200 American planes look part in the raid and .102 were shot down. The communi- que acknowledged the sinking of two ships.) Today's Japanese air losses in Ratjaul area raised the definite total to 152 with 42 more probables, as announced in communiques Ihis month. Allied losses were 32 planes The sinkings rated to 11 the number of merchantmen stink or probably s-.ink there so far in Jan- During Monday's attack 1.000-and bombs exploded thre: merchantmen which sank in the bay, r idly becoming a graveyard for Japans merchant flecl and wjr- Two others were left burning "lid probably sank. The other three hit were seriously damaged. General MacArthur's spokes- man said the presence of such 3. large Japanese fighter force, despite recent repeated attacks on airdromes al Rabaul, is a icnnri reminder "that we can't be lulled inln Ihc false sense of security thai the Jap Is deter- iorating." Six miles olf Cape Pomas. direct- ly west of RAbaul, an Allied snoop- er plane spotted six ships Monda; night and sank a ton vcsse with heavy bombs. On the western end of New Brlt- the Marines who captured Hil T60 last Friday t'.iwarted an enemy effort to gel It back. The Japanese counter attacked at 4 a. m. Monda; but had to retire leaving 126 dead en Ihe field. dead since the Marines invadeu thai area las J6 exceed REFORM CANDIDATE WINS IN LOUISIANA NEW ORLEANS. Jan. Jimmie H. Davis of Juke box song, hill billy band anil horse opera fame, was top "man in the race lor Democratic nSininailon for gover- nor orLouislana tonight and there- by 'faced with the possibility of mak- ing, good, quicjtcr. than he expected, on one "of "his campaign assertions. "I feel that I can, to a great ex- tent, reconcile the views and coor- dinate the efforts of all political groups." he had told the voters. "I shall do all in my power to bury the hates and distrusts r' the past." At tlie end of a bitter primary campaign in which the ghost of Hucy.-P. Long demonstrated that it had not been laid in Louisiana poli- tics. Davis had to consider the pos- sibility that he might find himself governor with an executive family inimial to the group which support- toml Advances Policy WASHINGTON, Jan. line-point postwar fiscal policy- ailing for reduced taxes, a balanc- ed budget and a planned program f public advanced to- lay by Beardsley New York nerchant-banker and author of the say-as-you-go tax plan. He submitted it to the House com- mittee on public buildings and grounds, now studying postwar 'laniilng. with Ihe preface lhat if t "makes sense, there are no con- .titutioual or technical reasons' vhy it cannot be adopted now. 1. No public spending for Its own ake and no projects merely be- they support purchasing pow- er In general. 2. Lower tax rates "to point where they will balance the budget at an agreed level ol high employ- ment. 3. Then stabilize taxes "except as ihere are major changes in national policy. 4. Retention of the princ" 's of irogrcssive income taxes and estate .axes "as the best way of reversing Ihe tendency of purchasing power :o come to rest." A planned works pro- gram "not to balance Ihe whole economy, but to help toward stabil- izing the conslruction Industry." 6. "Let w neutralize the social se- curity programs as far as their fis- cal influences are concerned. Since their beginning they have been hinhly deflationary x x 1. Retain "important excise tax- for the time being "and get rid of the rest." 8. "Let us arrange our lending abroad, whether for stabilization, relief or long-time reconstruction, so that It will support rather Irian contradict fiscal policies adopted to strengthen our domestic economy." 9. Reorganization of Ihe parts ot the federal government that have to do with fiscal policy and admin islration. ed him. Forces of the long faction piled up an impressive vote for Earl "jOiig. the late senator's brother, and 'or nearly all the state office can- didates backed by the "Old Regu- lar" Long group. Although the Democratic, nomination In Louisiana amounts lo election, the lead Davis attained did not assure his nomination. There was still a runoff to consider. In It, vis would come to frips with the "Old Regular'' candidate, Lewis L. Morgan, on a straight two-man basis unless the "Old Regulars" adopted an unusual device possible under Louisiana could decline the run- off by withdrawing their guber- natorial candidate and thereby seat, without risk, their whole slate tirket or such part of I! as had a simple majority when all votes were in. Leading at the halfway mark in the vote count were these candi- dates for state office: For Lieutenant Earl K. Long.- brother of the late "King- Fish." "Old Regular." For Secretary of Wade Martin. Jr. "Old Regular." For Atlomcy General T Can-thorn. "Old Regular.'1 For J. Bourg. "Old Regular." For B. Datgle "Old Regular" closely pressed, how- ever, by A. P. Tugwell. incumbent For Superintendent of Education E. Frazar. "Old Regular." For Register of Land cille May Grace. Incumbent en- dorsed by "Old Regulars." Her vot: assured her reiioniinatton. For Commissioner of Agriculturi -Harry D. Wilson, endorsed by both 'actions and leading his only op wncnl so far that his nomination could be conceded. Sentence Affirmed AUSTIN. Jan. 19 The death sentence assessed Bruce Elton Jordan in the salving of Tom Dype a. produce dealer, in Colorado coun- ty in April 1943 was affirmed by the court of criminal appeals to day. Jordan did r.ol testify it trial. with the first, miles across three Strikers Ordered Up for Induction SEATTLE. Jan. OT, Stale Selective Service Director Col. Waller J. DeLong disclosed todiy that 40 men who "walked out" during a dispute at the Rayouier Pulp and Paper company. Ho- am. have tccn ordered up for Induction Saturday. Colonel said 40 Rayo- nler employes liad been rcclasst- tied. He said (he action was tak- en because the men were no long- er engaged in war work. ordinated ripped 19 trategic railways in the Volk- lov river-Lake Ilmen area :75 o 100 miles south of Lenin- grad in a broad outflanking movement. Reporting (hat the Leningrad hrust had captured the fortresses if Krasnoye Selo and Ropslia and n live days had killed Ger- mans, the Soviet communique dwrlt it length on the German fortlfi- :alions. Soviet Infantrymen, tanks nid mobile artillery, it said "broke hrough heavily-fortified permaii- mt German defenses made up of concrete pillboxes, arm- ored domes, blockhouses and Inter- communication trenches covered by nine fields, barbed-wire entangle- ments and anti-tank obstacles. "These fortifications, built in the most up-to-date manner, was interspersed by firing po- sitions. "Our advancing troops hive yoiie li.'.setoni. bs'ttt- line f or tif leaf Ions." All. this was on a front 25-miIes wide, from south of Oranienbaum to Pulkovo across battlefields strewn with German dead and smashed equipment. The Soviet booty Includ- ed 36 of the huge artillery pieces that have been shelling Leningrad for 27 bitter months.' Tlie second drive, oil a 31-milc- brcak-through in the German lines north and west ot Lake Ilmen, Ihrcatencd Vj let the Russians in behind Ihe Nazis who face Lenin- grad, and already hut) outflanked the important city of Novogorotl both to the north and the south. The -ush immediately before Leningrad, however, was by all odds the day's most signal vic- tory. There, the Russian com- munique said, Germans have been slaughtered since Saturday. In addition, said the communique and an order of the day by Pre- mier Marshal Stalin, that 5-day offensive of Gen. Leonid Gorov IMS: Stormed and captured the heavi- ly-Iorlificd towns of Krasnoye Sclo and Ropsha; retaken Pcterhof, sum- mer home of the Czars; captured more than Germans, smash- ed seven German divisions: and taken many of the great 16-inch guns with which the Nazis lituc constantly shelled embattled Len- ingrad. In all. 195 guns were raptur- crl, including of 152 lo 106- millimeter calibres (6 to 16- which had been shelling the city from 15-mile range. Seventy-five to 100 miles soulh on the Volkhov river front north of Novogorcd and on Lake directly of thai city, (he Rus- sians that Gen. K. A Mcrctskov's forces had cut the Len- ingrad-Novgorud direct rail llr.e At Bolotnaya, a more easterly lir.c at Podberecliyc. and both the high- way and railway between Novgorrx and ohimsk to the southwest. This left Novgorod isolated except for he new railway running through the marshlands due west Highways, Air Only Supply Routes Open By LYNN HE1NZKRUNG A U. S. 15TH AIR FORCE BOMBER STATION IN ITALY, Jan. 19 bombers have cut (He railways carrying the bulk of supplies into Rome from the north, air force experts said today after examining recon- naissance photographs of the area. Of (lie three major lines down the Italian peninsula, only one is open at present. This is the cast coast line from An- cons to Pescara, which supplies the Germans opposing the British Eighth Army. Recent raids have at least temporarily blocked the others and the effects of these disastrous bombings will be more acutely felt by the Germans when supplier now being used arc exhausted, experts said. Supplies still, may be brought in, however, via bomb-scarred highways. (London reported a Rome ra'dio broadcast saying the capital's waterworks were "destroyed" in an Allied nir attack today on the outskirts of the city. Residents, were urged to use water sparingly.) ALLIES BATIER APPIAN WAY, POUR SHELLS INTO CASSINO 15 Ship Builders Injured in Blast HOUSTON. Jan. 13 brown shi'pbuilding corporation workers were injured today, two ser- iously, by a pas explosion In a men's wash room, the company public re- lations office announced. Walls of thf room were Injuring the ir.en at work in A near- by pipe shop. The injured received eir.rrscncy treatment in the yard hospital. Saboteurs Wreck Train, Kill 25 ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al- giers, Jan. 19 Loosing i strong an- offensU'C along tlie an- cient Appiaii way to Rome. British :roops have smashed across the .ower garigliano river and establish- ed bridgeheads at three points in he face of furious German resist- ance. Allied headquarters announc- ed today as American artillery rained shells into Casslno prepara- tory lo an assault on that Nazi stronghold. Latest reports said the British were holding firmly to their tool- holds on the western bank o! .the Garigliano desplte_ repeated Nazi by tanks and heavy artillery lire. An official German broadcast heard here said the Fifth Army had launched "several divisions" against positions east of the Gulf of Caeta, and that "fighting Is In full swing." The GariglUno empties into the Gulf of Gacta 80 miles cast of Rome. Tills was the first important ac- tion in the coastal area of the Record High Paid For Auction Cattle DENVER. Jan. 19 Two hundred thirty-four head of cattle were sold lor in the two- day auction of Hereford breeding stock at the National Western Stock show. When the sale ended today breeders had paid for 169 bulls ami for 65 females. The bulls averaged S1.450 each, (he females and all animals In the sale Stockmen said the averages were the highest on record for the Denver show. Heaviest consigner in the Here- ford breeding stock auction was Dan Thornton of Gunnlson, Colo. who sold 12 bulls and one female for a tola! of more than His 'IT Triumphant 16th. granr champion Hereford breeding bull o the show, sold yesterday for the Denver record high of Top price in the auction of In- dividual Aberdeen AIIKUS breeding stock, which began today, was the Robert Walton of Raton. N M.. paid L. R. Kcrshaw of Musko- Sce, Okla., for the two- year-old bull. Edinlib. ll Army front since Lt, Gen. Mark W. Clark's forces reached the asfcrji bank of the Garigllaiio over wo months ago. At that time the winding stream was swollen and horlly alter broke Its banks for a width of a mile, but It since lias receded. Three British assault torccs struck in darkness early Monday light. Its right wing fought its way across the river near the vll- !3ge of Suito. seven miles Inlanc troni the coast, where It still was locked In hard combat. A.iec'oii'd force lilt at-a point About four miles from the sea, where a railroad from Capua to Rome reaches the GariglUno and turns southward seeking an easy crossing of the stream. Still a third bridgehead was es- tablished at the Tillage of gento, almost on the coast 11- self. The Applan way at this point is only two miles from the wa. The Nazis l.ishtil back trlth a-strong but futile tank attack at Argenlo. (For the past week Allied account, of the fight for Cassino. 20 mile, from the GiiU of Gaeta, have men- Lloned only American And Prencl troops among the attacking forces possibly Indicating that British units were withdrawn from that seclo: and massed lower down the Gari- gliano for the blows announced lo day.) Primary objectives of the new coastal drive are the Nazi-held ports of Formla and Gactn. appro- zimstcly 9 and 12 miles, resviecthc- ly. from the point where the Ap- plan crorses the Garigliano. In establishing bridgeheads nl three points the British appeared to have made the first breaches in the Nazis' so-called GnstAV line. With unrler almost Point blank artillery fire, American and French patrols probed vigorously at its defenses. An official military commentator said there was nothing to supnort published reports that American patrols had clashed with German troops inside Casino, through they had made quick thrusts across the Rapldo north of the Toln to feel out enemy positions. The Germans still are hoMlne tlie town firmly and have It surrounded with strong defenses. tOMK defense of Rome has Ijccn dealt al shattering blow, it was Announced yesterday, by having vir- ually nil rail lines from the north shattered'by Allied bombs. Without supplies in large quantities the enemy may find it difficult to hold out as long as if would like. Bond Sales, Pledges Hit Quarter Abilcniatis opened the Fourth War Loan drive Wednesday with pledges and sales bettering a quarter- million dollars, a big gain on the home front push to meet the county's quota of A total of in war londs was pledged in an auc- tion at the Kiwanis club when ilmost 100 individuals pur, chased scarce articles at high prices in bonds.at the call ot IIacls- loeal auctioneer. While al Norm Junltf Shore Signals On Coast Gone Mosquitoes Attack Planes in Norway LONDON. Jan. lO-'.V.-Scvcral large German Hying boats were attacked at Stavanger. Norway, by Mosquito on of- fensive patrol today in (he first to Luga. The Russians announced i aerial activity reported Irom Brlt- they "forced" the upper neck Lake Ilmen. directly below Nov- gorod. The German garrison in Nov- gorod thus is placed in a precar- ious plight. Still farther south. 300 miles be- low Leningrad in the area north of Novosokolntki. the Russians an- nounced capture o( several more po- pulated places in a continuing of ain in three days. The big German planes. cnglncd. long-distance Blohm and Voss I33s, suffered several cannon hits. One was Jes.rojcd, the .lir ministry announced. An informant reaching Britain recently from Germany Oils Iden- tity was not riisc'.owd) reported the manufnoturiti! city of Hannover King Emphosizes Bond Importance WASHINGTON. Jan. 19 Admirnl Err.eM J. King. Command- er-in-chief of the U. S. fleet, said today lhat "hi 1941. more than cur before, the money we invest in nor bonds Is of supreme importance." In a statement calling for support of Ihe SH.000.000.000 fourth war loan, King declared lhat "In this year of attack" tlie importance of the drive "cannot be loo greatly stressed." WASHINGTON, Jan. 13 Signals from (lie shore aided the Japanese, in attacks, on the west coast early in the wnr. but after the evacuation of Japanese from the area the signaling was "virtually eliminated." Lt. Gen. John L. De- Witt says In a report Issued to- day. In three esses specifically cllcd In the general's report to General George C. Marshall, chief of staff, he snltl that all Ihrcc attacks by airplane or submarines were aimed al spots where there were no de- fenses lo catch Ihctn. Cessation of the signaling, De- Wilt sairi. also brought a reduction In Ihc number of submarine at- tacks on ships sailing from west const ports. DcWitl save the account of (he ship-to-shorc communication in a 6CO-p35C final report on the cva- cimilon of the Japanese residents a movement he supervised as com- manding general of the western defense command and fourth army in 19i2. DeWilt said that (he decision to evacuate all persons of Japanese ancestry from the ivcst coast was not taken immediately on the out- break of war. h-.it grew out of a series ol'Intermediate steps. Signaling was observed fron. buildings that could not be enter- ed witlio-.it obtaining a search war- rant, radio messages vccrt intercept cd and a "fix" obtained on thi .scndln; station within an area o a city block, but the Justice DC partiuent was not willing to make "ma.ss raids" and the nrmy stil lacked Jurisdiction. De-Witt said. For several weeks after Pearl Har boi. lip rriiortcd, every ship leaving a'we.'jt coast port was attacked b> an er.rrny submarine. "This seemed conclusively t_ point to tlie cxls'cncc of hostile shore-lo-sliiji 'submarine) com munlcalion." he said. Principal sid Pass reported his stu, ''-Us participated 100 per ccnt ond and stamp buying jpree thai tensive, while on the first Ukraine j bmi destroyed" front they took Gashcha. 18 miles am] the industry cast of Rovno on the rr.am highway IM Schwcinfurt had been thorouah- to that trcatcnecl Nazi rail cer.ter jv by (fit American in old Poland. The Germans continued to ccun- Icr-attack in the far soulh. around Khristlnovka. but all their attempts were reported reputed with hcaiy losses. IHE WEATHER r. s. nrrATnMi NT or roMMv UF..VTTIIR ABM I.M: Irid.J. lilllr .li. j Four Reasons Bond sDrive Should Go COI.EM.VN. Jan. 15 'Claude White. Colcman, purchaser of the lirM Fourth War Loan Drive bond tnthiscounty. has a more passing interest In seeing that plenty of war hones arc bought to further the war effort. She has: a son. I. A. White, a piboucr of another son, Lt. Ted White. in action in Italy: a third .wi. f.t. Leo White, son-.euherr a fourth son. Ssl. Fred Wlr.ic. Ehcppard Field. Tex. British bonibliig.v Red Ships Help TKX.W 1101 B PH In Sterling Better HOUSTON, "Jan. 19 NEW YORK, Jan. 19- Moscow radio said tonight that Russian warships of the Red Ban- ner Bailie fleet. Including at least one cruiser, shelled German posl- on the Leningrsrl front TO help open the new Red army of- tensive, dasial baiters joined led fie Pan-Toulo'.ifc express In, since Dec. 23 with double pi'.eii-'in and two Important objectives his I Southern Fiarce, killing 25 per-, monia. will te released ibis wee' HOUSTON, "Jan. 19 For-' Vichy radio snid In a broadcast; mer Gov. R. S. Sterling, who has tonight that saboteurs had wreck- been confined to Hermann htspilal ___n... 1 tons Mid injurinj 150. u end, his office announced today, j broadcast. the i lllch and la nv and 30 llleh and IAI FI-IT: It V Snarilc Ihii n trmptralart! ilwo Jap Ships Hi! Mines and Go Down NEW YPRK. Jan. Chungking rartlo s.iid tonight that two Japar.fse warships "hit ex- ploding miJ'.rs and sank off Hsia- ki.ing-Kow near Ttmgliu" on the Yangtze river Jan. 4. The "enemy suffered considerable (he broadcast said. Tungliu is 200 miles fro.n the of Hie Yangtze. "alcr set ror each Ihelr club tell them {hat the jromer Scoa chair. Lions eliib members will their pledges al the weekly con today nt lne Hllfon Howard McMahon. chairman of the Lions war conimittp, mailed pledge cards earlier to all members and totals will be an nouneed at Ihe close of the lunchl The Lions in the Third War [.oin drive raised S927.H8 In Plcdfts al opening ol Ihe campaign. Speaker for the program will tie Joe Jordan, a pasi of Lions International. Another war bond pledge of 000 wa_ announced by the Praetor- ians Life Insurance company of See WAR liOXDS, rage U, Col. Colemon Clubs Sell in Bonds COLEMAN, Jan. 19 tal of in war bonds were sold at a Joint meetiiig of Hie Ltoni and Kiwanis at noon Tuesday giving the Fourth War Loan Cam- paign a good start in this county. The Joint meeting of the two and approximately a dozen other business men. was held at the American Hall. Rob OHai.. Kiwanis president, presided at the- meeting and in- troduced Wiliiar.j O. Leach, prtsl- dent of the Colo-nun junior cham- ber of the latter serving then as master ot ceremonies. Mills First County In Area 'Over Top' b (he first county In the 59- Fort Worth Region to go "over the top" In the Fourth War Loan quota of Earl T. Fairman. county chair- man Rich headquarters tn Golct- thwalte, reported a total sale of S180.800 on the opening of the 14 billion dollar national campaign. report was turned into regional manager Clarence Hendrlcks. ;