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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 18, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAR BOND SCORE fourth War Loan quota Sales Saturday Sales this month Shortage $3,245,000.00 42.998.7S 137,590.00 3,107.410.00 Abilene sporter EVENING FINAL WITHOUT OR    WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE OUR RLD EXACTLY AS    GPI S'-lh ion VOL. LXIII, NO. 215 A TEXAS 4W4 NEWSPAPER ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 18, 1944-TEN PAGES Associated Press (AP) United Presa (IJJ3.) PRICE FIVE CENTS Soviets Slash to Rovno BRITISH PRESS MINCES NO WORDS OVER RED INSULT' Russians Are Still Mum on Cairo Rumor By the Associated Press Soviet troops fought today pages, emphasizing that the British I read: “Britain kills ‘separate peace’ LONDON. Jan. 18— UP) —The i British press minced no words today in expressing indignation over , Pravda’s publication of a British-German “separate peace” talk rumor. Ute London Daily Mail dc- ; nouncing it as insulting and the! Manchester Guardian calling it a “slanderous accusation.” The morning paper generally dis- j played the story on their front I explanation from Moscow, and in view of the wide circulation given the report yesterday by the Moscow radio, the Daily Mail said the British government “may deem it necessary in the near future to reassert in commons their determination to abide by their agreements never to make a separate peace ” The Da ii j Mail, whose headline QUAKE WRECKS SOUTH AMERICAN CITY—Wreckage fills street iii San Juan, Argentina following four earthquakes the night of Jan. 15 which almost destroyed the city of 30,-OOO. See story on page 3. (AP Wirephoto by radio from Buenos Aires.) ^Winnie Back in london, Plans Report on War A LONDON. Jan. 18- </P)—Prime ^Minister Churchill returned to London unexpectedly today after convalescing from an attack of pneumonia in the middle east and told a cheering house of commons that he ejected to make a statement on •fhe war in the near future. The prime minister, who looked slightly tired but happy, asked the house that he be given “some latitude” about the actual date for discussing the war, thereby indicating he planned a rareful summary of events in Wggtnm i**y»*inn of £urope.    j As for himself, when asked by a member what steps he was taking to relieve himself of some of his i official duties to conserve his health, ^fchurchill replied amid laughter: “I am obliged to you for your i solicitude, but I have no changes to propose at present in my routine.” I Churchill again drew laughter | when he demurred at Commdr. j Cliver Locker-Lampson’s proposal j BR hat “we go off and drink this ; toast:    Death to all dictators and long life to all liberators’ x x x.” “It is very early in the morning,” Churchill chuckled. Coke Petitioned for Soldier Ballot Call AUSTIN, Jan. 18—\.iP)—Thirten members of the house and senate today signed a petition asking Governor Coke R. Stevenson to order a special legislative session to exempt Texans in the armed forces from poll tax payments. The petition, which asked also that the governor recommend legislation extending the time for absentee balloting by soldiers, was circulated at an informal meeting of legislators. The group voted also to poll by telegraph other members of the house and senate on the .special session question. .Senator Karl Lovelady of Meridian and Rep. Jo Ed Winfree of Houston were elected to conduct  -—-  the    poll. Abilene Waler Project Okehed into the thick outer defenses of Rovno, traffic hub 40 milos inside Poland which is essential to the German hold on a vast area of south and southwest Russia. Nearest troops were 13 miles away and closing in from the east, north and northeast. While other Russians ground away at German lines ringing Leningrad and engaged Nazi tank forces in a great slugging match before Vinnista and I man in the southwest Ukraine, Moscow was silent for the moment at least on the “Cairo rumor” that British officials had met Nazi Foreign Minister von Ribbentrop and made progress toward a separate peace. The British foreign office flatly denied the amazing and disruptive “rumor’’ distributed by the official Communist newspaper, Pravda. The London Daily Mail denounced the suggestion as insulting and the foreign office had issued a flat de- j lie.” commented that “the newspa-nial of the truth of the report print- per Pravda must be remarkably ed in Moscow by the communist ignorant of British national stand-party organ. Not one London aft- ards. Tilts is the only excuse we can crnoon paper published the Mos- find for it." cow' story yesterday, although there “To the world at large the story was no censorship ban.    j carriei its refutation on its face, In the absence of any official i said the Manstester Guardian,” but what Is not pleasant is that such I slanderous accusation against an ally should be circulated among the I Russian people.” * • ♦ i The Dailv Express, owned bv Lord I Beavcrbrock, one of Russia’s be t friends in Britain, carried no editorial. A political correspondent, however, wrote that the rumor had been making the rounds in various forms since Prime Minister Churchill and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden conferred with Turkish representatives at Cairo. “But it was regarded as so fantastic and so obviously intended to make mischief between the Allies that it was ignored,” lie wrote. “When it received publicity in so influential a quarter as Pravda, however, the British government at once decided to deny it officially and to bring this denial directly to the notice of the Soviet government.” I The Yorkshire Post expressed ! hope that “Russian authorities will find themselves able on their part to give assurance that the Pravda story came to be inserted as a result of a blunder.” A Reuters dispatch from Moscow (.said none of today's Moscow newspapers printed the “Cairo rumor** nor did any of them refer to the British foreign office denial. Pravda > does not publish on Tuesdays. Yanks Cross River, Probe Line LONDON, Jan. 18—IAP) — The British foreign office denial of the authenticity of Pravda’s “separate peace” story has been brought to the attention of the Soviet government by the British charge d'affaires in Moscow, it was announced today. 4th Bond Drive Opens in County Tile first war bond speaker for the Fourth War Loan campaign over KRBC. District Attorney J. R Before the meeting Lieut. Gov. John Lee Smith in a formal state-meji-i ^iterated a plea that an extra*. '(.Unary .'ession be called and emphasized that he was speaking as a friend of the governor “and not with any purpose of embarrass- FORT WORTH. Jan. 18—<#)— Presidential approval of an FWA project for the construction of waterworks improvements at Abilene, Tex., was announced by James W Bradner, Jr., regional director for the Federal Works agency. The project includes an increase in the Lake Fort Phantom Hill raw water pumping facilities, increase in downtown filter plant capacity and a new’ discharge main. Major General Philip B. Fleming, FWA administrator, authorized preliminary legal and administrative steps necessary to earry out his project but withheld authorization to build or to make payments to the applicant. He said that all funds presently appropriated were committed for previously approved projects, and that until congress appropriated more money, new projects could not be started. The federal works agency contemplated a grant of $155,617 and the applicant, the City of Abilene, will furnish $79,383. Approval Seen as Important Victory STOCKHOLM. Jan. 18— 'AV-1 Sweden in effect broke off cultural Presidential approval of the wat-and scientific relations today with | erworkx project is an important TO GET THE FIGHTING MEN HOME SOONER. . £ As the questioning proceeded. Sir Herbert William asked if Churchill were aware of any “false optimism" voiced in a recent speech in which , Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery J indicated the probable early capture of Rome. % “I don't know about false optimism,” Churchill replied. "There has been a lot of bad weather.” One of Churchill’s first visitors j is expected to be Gen. Dwight D. •Isenhower, supreme Allied com- | Lander for western invasion. Sweden Breaks With Germany-Culturally You Can Afford To Germany. Q Because of Swedish indignation over Nazi deportations of Norwegian university students, Sweden will now curtail visas to German scientists and cultural experts who have been some of the Reich’s best propagandists. Announcing this, Foreign Buinister Christian E. Guenther told the Riksdag: “They are no longer welcome. Tile round won in the city's five-months fight to provide adequate water facilities. Mayor Will W. Hair said this morning. Two further actions are needed before the project can be started, the mayor said. First, is congressional appropriation of funds as pointed out by General Fleming. Next is War Produ Hon board approval of critical materials needed deportation of Norwegian students hi construction _    ..    “\UDD    n’ill    nnl showed that Germany really is trying to cripple Norwegian cultural Ale and Germany can not longer expect the former generous treatment on visas for German scientists and cultural representatives.” Lady Ashley to Wed m BOSTON. Jan. Widow of 18— */P) —Tile Douglas Fairbanks Sr., the former Lady Ashley, and Lieut. Commdr. Edward John Lord Stanley. R N. V. R., of Alderly, England, have filed marriage intentions in Boston. Pay Your Poll lax! County’s goal ............15,000 Braid Saturday  ........ 163 raid to date ............ 4,280 • • • 51.75 qualifies you to vole in this year’s elections. ray at: A Collector’s office, Court House. W Fain Pharmacy. Branch post office at Me-Murry, Hardin - Simmons, and ACC. * * * DEADLINE—January 31. WPB will not approve use of critical materials for projects unless they will contribute to the war effort,” Mayor Hair said Because the proposed facilities are needed to supply local military establishments it is thought WPB approval will not be difficult to get. Presidential approval confirms a telegram to Mayor Hair yesterday from Senator Tom Connally in which the senator said action was expected. The Fort Worth district FWA office approved* the project some three weeks ago. ing nim, out rather to save embarrassment." Gov, Stevenson was in Dallas. * * * I “I ani astounded at the governor’* i statement in his contention that! a free ballot can not be given the soldier because section I, article 71 of the constitution allocates $1 of the poll tax to the public free school fund,” Smith's statement said. “While insisting this to be a levy of the poll tax by the constitution he seems to forget thai the constitution in section 3, article 8, specifically clothes the legislature with exclusive power to levy taxes: ‘Taxes shall bt levied ane collected by general law, <tc as distinguished from constitutional law. "Moreover, the governor seems to forget that the legislature has been exempting c i ta in classes oi ner-sons from payment of a poll lax 'or more than 40 years Article 2959 exempts the blind. Indians, persons having lost a hand or a foot, and See SOLDIER VO I E Pf. 9, Col. 6 Manchester Guardian called it a “slanderous accusation.” Spanish sources denied that von Ribbentrop had been in Spain where the “peace talks" were rumored by “Greek and Yugoslav” informant*, 2.000 miles away, to have taken place. There still was no plausible explanation of how the 'rumor” came to be printed in such a closely supervised newspaper as Pravda • • • Fall of Rovno. junction of the Bcrdivhev-Warsaw' and Sarny-Lwow railways, inevitably would imperil the German grip on a vast area of southern and southwestern Russia, already threatened by Vatutins left wing driving toward the Rumanian frontier. Gen. Nickolas Vatutin's center, based on Novograd Volynski, 50 miles east of Rovno, was driving on the rail hub from the cast, northeast and north, constituting a triple threat which made its early capture a possibility. One column moving in from the northeast already has occupied Tuchin, 13 miles away, and is steadily beating down savage enemy resistance, a Russian communique said. Soviet engineers were called in to provide equipment for the crossing of the Horyn river, which flows westward through Tuchin s outskirts, and which has not frozen sufficiently for transport on the ice. * • * The five-day-old Russian offensive on the Leningrad front, meanwhile, continued to roll forward with the occupation of five See RUSSIANS Pg. 2, Col. 3 WAC to Answer Conduct Charge WASHINGTON. Jan. IR V — Attractive, red- haired Virginia Wight, WAC first lieutenant who is charged with insubordination and THC WEAIHFR Nips Admit Loss of 2 Ships at Rabaul NEW YORK, Jan. 18-Tokyo radio quoted in ! headquarters communique today as i saying that approximately 200 American planes had raided the Japanese base at Rabaul. New Britain, yesterday and acknowledged the sinking of two ships in the harbor. Tile broadcast, recorded bv, the U. S. foreign broadcast intelligence service, ended with the characteristic claim that 102 of the raiders had been shot down -a fantastic rate of loss foi such an operation. U.S. DI; PA RT.WK NT OI (OMMEECE VVI VT Hi ii 111 111 VI ABILENE and Vicinity: Partly cloudy this afternoon. tonight and Wednesday and cooled Wednesday. EAST TEXAS "ast of lOOth meridian' Partl.\ cloud' this afternoon, tonight and cloudy Wednesday. lion Wednesday WEST TEXAS Mostly cloudy this afternoon tonight and Wednesday. Warmer iii Del Ri«> Eagle Pass area tonight. cooler in Panhandle and South Plains Wednesday. Fre^h to strong winds I Panhandle and South Plains ■Lh—The I High temperature yesterday City ot-imperial fice 81 * ““port ss LT. VIRGINIA WIGHT lowest this morning: City office airport. 32. 33; other violations of good conduct routine, faces her accusers todav at 11 MPI rat iris a hearing before an armv reclad bittie War depart- Tue-Mon Nfon-Sun , pot inn hoarfi in am n»ur pm L&Uon **>ara in 4o .14 I— vt 4h meats Pentagon building in Arling-ton. Va. 53 At the closed hearing, the 24-year sa yid Philadelphia girl will be given 1 an opportunity to reply to charges 43 hat she was insubordinate, wore 4!rl non-military garb while on duty, fraternized with enlisted personnel, j* and giving Incorrect information to 32— 2— 57 32- 3— 59 31— 4— 39 31— 5— hi 32— ti- 59 .{2— 7— 53 31— ft— 47 30— 9— 44 3.3 IO-- 43 39- 11—42 .»?_.12- 41 GUSTAV LINE—Shaded area indicatess Gustav line, new German defense set tip in Italy. Arrows indicate points of major assaults by American and French troops of tile Fifth army. (AI* Wirephoto) Coleman Woman Loses Second Son COLEMAN, Jan. 18— (Spl.)—Mrs. Violet Audrey Smith, 717 North Neches street, has been notified by the War department that her son, Cpl. Garland Coleman Smith, 26, member of the old Coleman National Guard company, was “killed in action in defense of his country” on Dec. 16. 1943, somewhere in Italy. Garland is the second of Mrs. Smith's sons to die in action. Pvt. Lloyd Earl Smith, 24, brother of Garland and a member of the same outfit, was killed in action on Sept. 15. 1943. Tile two brothers wore together when Fail was fatally wounded. The War department has made posthumous awards of the Purple Heart and the Silver Star to Private Smith. Mrs. Smith has been notified that Corporal Smith had received a commendation from the commanding general because he had risked his life to rescue a wounded comrade. • * * Corporal Smith was a member of Company B. 142nd Infantry, 36th division, 5th Army, and had been a soldier since February, 1937. He received his training at Camps Bowie, Blanding and Edwards; went to Africa on April 1. 1943 look part in the invasion of Italv on Sept 9. He was born in Coleman on Feb. 13. 1917. and had resided here most of hts life. He and the former Florence Harness, who lives here, were married June I, 1937, in Coleman. They have two children, Betty, 5, and Jerry, 2. Other than his mother, v if# and children, Corporal Smith Is survived by two brothers. Donald Glen. IO, and Jackie Wayne, 7, both of Coleman; and five sisters, Mrs. Helen Griffin. Dorothy. Ruth. Wilma Jean and Joan, all of Coleman Russians Make V Stand for Vodka WASHINGTON, Jan. 18 AV-Few visitors to Russia havf returned minus stories of the dinners given visiting celebrities there—and the amounts of vodka consumed in toasts. Lord Halifax tin British ambassador. evoked a gale of laughter last night when, speaking at a dinner honoring Donald Nelson, chairman of the War Production board, he alluded to Nelson’s travels to Russia and elsewhere, and said: “He traveled so far that he hardly knew what ‘V stood for—for victory, or for vodka.” Downs No. 21 ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algins, Jan. 18- (AP) —An American patrol crossed the Rapido river north of Gas- Black, last night reminded Taylor r    i__,    \T    countians    that    the    responsibility of smo and pi ohed    Nazis    >    winning    the    war    belongs    not    only strong Gustav line posi-1----- _____- tions, headquarters annotine-' ed today. French troops occu pied Sant’ Elia, three miles lortheast of Cassino. The doughboy patrol found the Germans entrenched in fortified positions 3,00 yards beyond the western bank of the Rapido. and withdrew across the river after a skirmish. French forces advanced 1,000 yards to seize Sant’ Elia, and also captured the hamlet of Valvori two miles farther northeast as the Allied arc tightened on Cassino, sentinel of the valley pathway to Rome. Patrols were active elsewhere on the Fifth army front, and the Allies continued consolidating recent gains. The Germans meanwhile quickly put last minutr touches on their new line which from < assino to Sant’ Flia runs along the west side of Hie Rapido, in some places considerably back from the river’s hank, on the slopes of Mt. Castellone. • * • Canadians supported by tanks launched an attack on tile Adriatic flank on a 1.000-yard front in the Tommaso area about a mile inland from the coast. Despite stiff opposition from German* holding high ground, they made some gains which included a foothold across a stream flowing into the sea. At last reports, the fighting was continuing with satisfactory results. Aloft, Allied heavy and medium bombers smashed at enemy communications, and RAF Wellingtons early today bombed the Pisa railway yards In bright moonlight. I'. S. heavy bombers struck at rail lines at I’rato, I’ontassieve and Arezzo between Florence and Rome, medium bombers pounded railway yards at Chl-aravelle, Viterbo, and Orte, and fighter-boinbers hit docks at Anzio and rail yards at Palo. Fighter bombers lashed German positions in the battle area, while other planes crossed the Adriatic to bomb Sibenik harbor A vessel was exploded in the harbor. No Allied aircraft were lost Buy War Bonds, Smoke Out Nips —ADMIRAL NIMITZ PEARL HARBOR, Jan. 18—'4V-Japanese strongly entrenched in their Pacific Island strongholds will bf' -moked out” when and w«—>-the. Allies choose to strike, Adm Chester W. Nimitz said In urging .support of the Fourth War Loan TO PAVE THE ROAD TO TOKYO. . You Canc Aff ord To New York Editor At Wile's Bedside Stanley Walker, noted New York newspaperman, arrived Monday by plane to be at the bedside of his wife, critically 111 at the home of her sister. Mrs. E. T. Compere. Mrs. Walker and Mis. Compile arc daughters of Mrs. J. D Sande-fer Sr., and the late Dr. Sandefer. who was president of Hardin-Sim-monx university 31 years before his death. J. D. Sandcfn Jr. of Breckinridge. older brother of Mrs. Walker, was here over the week-end Mrs Sandefer’s younger son. Oilton, is In India as an American Red Cross representative. Walker, a native of Lampasas, has been recognized a numbed of years as one of the most able of metropolitan newspaper editors in this country. to youth, but to those at home. •tin the day our boys left for war. there developed an obligation for us at home to make their pack a full one," Black said. “Too many of us are taking free rides and putting the war effort in second place. “When we say we cannot buy bonds, we mean we cannot buy bonds without sacrifice,” he con-ended. “But before the war we bought automobiles, and today we can buy war bonds just as easily.1* The father of six sons in the service, Black said he felt confident that by backing the attack. "Hitler * back can be broken in Europe this year." Formally launching the drive for which preliminary details have been underway all week, a breakfast is to be held at 9 o'clock in the morning at the Second Street USO. Doughnuts and coffee will bo served by Red Cross Canteen members, In an effort to begin reaching the quota of $3,245,000, three speaker* will be presented at the program— Horace Condlev, C. M. Caldwell and Bob Fielder. A special showing of a film of actual war scenes Is to be given. Already this year, a total of $137,-590 in war bonds has been sold and will count on the county’s quota. Of that amount, $14,712 wa* raised Monday while on Saturday the total for the clay was the highest f*»r any single day in    1944—42,998 IS. The totals are obtained from th* two banks and the post office, and it the present, the shortage stands at $3,107,410, the amount to ba raised by the drive. Caldwell, chairman of the drive, calls this campaign the toughest of all. in that $1,303,-000 of the total must be in series F bonds. That means that more people than have participated in the previous drives will have to take part in this one if the goal is reached. Maximum amount to be invested in E bonds is $5,000. No campaign ofifce is to be maintained this time as has been in the past. Each team captain will shoulder responsibility that goes with the drive. Caldwell’s office will continue to be a clearing house, however. drive watch starts today, “The Japs are thoroughly entrenched in island archipelagos that remain to them in the Pacific,’ said the ( omniandei -in-chief of the Pacific fleet in a broadcast address last night. "They are a vicious and resourceful for. But we will smoke them out, at times and places chosen by ourselves.” . Hemen ta of American land, sea md air power are “fused into a deadly disciplined fighting team." he said, and "to carry the fight to AUSTIN. Jan. 18— <UP> — Lub-thr enemy in tin c ocean areas in- bock independent school district velves long distances over which we must tarnish same transportation must continuously send supplier facilities to negro children as they "To guarantee our success requir- 'do tl) white children, an attorney es our continued purchase of war general s opinion today held, bonds," Nimitz declared.    ___ Rides for Negroes Six Give Skin to Save Life of Boy I Sunset tonight ...  W.*too superior officers. ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, New Guinea. Jan. 18. — 'UP)—Col. Neel E. Kearby of San Antonio, Tex., has shot down his 21st Japanese plane to tic the Southwest Pacific record of Captain Richard I Bong of Poplar WLs., it was revealed today. HOUSTON, Jn. 18 six volunteer donors, Dr. William P. Ramsay today took little strips of skin that may save the life of 12-year-old Tony Miller. Tony’s legs were denuded of flesh early In November. 1942, when he backed into an op;n stove and his clothes caught fire. GENERALS’ WIVES APPEAL FOR BOND PURCHASES— up> From Mrs. George C. Marshall (left), wife of the Chief of Staff of n    the U. S. Army, and Mrs. Mark W. Clark, wife of the com mander of the Allied 5th Army, sample doughnuts at dedication ceremonies in New York Jan. 17 of a “Donutmobile which will tour Manhattan during the fourth war loan drive* Boxes of doughnuts will he given to purchasers ut war stamps. (AP Wirephoto). ;