Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 17, 1962, Abilene, Texas
"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE to FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD 81ST YEAR, NO, 214 ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 17, PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS .LLLLLML THE MACHINE KNOWS Hero's a graph from a lie detector test. Note the "normalcy" at the first to such questions as "Do you Then, "Did you kill your and the scratches give the answer. In this icase, not from Taylor County, the fellow, questioned has already been found guilty and electrocuted. (Graph courtesy Garland Ellison) PAGE ONE By Katharyn Duff The re's a tiny room, an over- sized closet-like cubicle, on the third floor of the Taylor County Courthouse. A desk and Iwo chairs :fill il. Behind the desk sits a level- eyed, soft-spoken depuly sheriff, a "polygraph for- mer AP Master Sergeant Gar- land: Ellison. The other chair is againsl the fronl of the desk, set at right angle to it and in it sits the "sub- face lo face with the blankest wnll you .ever saw. On the desk between Ihe two, set in a hole cut for it, is a machine, technically a poly- graph machine, better known as that silent seeker of fibs, lhat gadget unshakable in ils integ- rity, a lie-detector. Ellison iiscd the machine 50 times in 1958, At that time op mili- tary: diity'al' Pyess. The' next year he used it on 100 police Then, in I960, he went fulltime with the sheriff's de- partment and he used the ma- chine 123 times. Last year he made 150 tests with it OH police business. And already Ihis year of 19G2 he has tested 4D persons. That wns all police work. In addition, he has used the lie de- tector for a number of private businesses. Ellison does testing, loo, for officers over a 100-mile area. His is the only machine; he is the only qualified polygraph man in Ihis section of (he slale. Since trial courts won't use lie detector information unless both defense and prosecution agree, the gadget is used pri- marily in investigative work. Grand juries give Ellison real workouts. Jurors will be ques- tioning somebody and will won- der If he's Idling the Irulh. They'll ask him to take the lie detector test. The. subject "suspect" agree, for unless he co- operates Ellison couldn't give he test in the first place. How reliable are Ihe records the machine scratches on graph paper? "The machine can not tnal- 'unction and say a person is .elling a lie when he's telling Ihe Ellison says flatly. On the other hand, for some strange medical reasons, some persons can lie and Ihe machine won'l catch it. Pathological liars may not show their falsehoods. And persons with very low IQs or with very scant educations are difficult to test. For the .machine to work, you must "care" about question with which you are confronted. If it's important to you person- ally, a normal person reacts when he lells a lie, science has proved. So Ihe machine keeps Irack of pulse, blood pressure, res- piration. Ellison's questions are stud- ied. He starU off with some lo which he knows the "control" questions to determine normal reactions. "Around GO per cent of. Ihe people Ihe machine says are ly- ing will come across and admit it, immediately or sometime be- fore or during the Elli- son says. People have varied reactions to the machine. Some fear but the only elec- tricity about it is in the liny motor thai lurns Ihe graph pa- per. Some try tricks, to beat the machine. All these reactions are carefully calculated by Ellison in his examination. The machine's purpose is as much to clear the innocent as it is to trap the lying. West Move Apparently Startles Red GENEVA (APl-Tn an abrupt move that seemed lo catch the Soviet delegate by surprise, Ihe United "Slates and Britain an- nounced Tuesday they are ready to break off-three-power nuclear test ban talks. They said that in line with So- viet demands, the test ban issue should be. referred lo the general disarmament negotiations due to open in Geneva in March'. As Ihe nuclear Inlks reopened after a yearend recess, tlie Soviet delegate, Semyon K. Tsarapkin, apparently had expecled some protracted negotiations. Conference sources said Tsarap- sin lold Ihe U.S. delegate, Charles C. Stclle, and Britain's Sir Mi- chael Wright that he would submit eir proposal to Moscow. Tsarapkin later lold newsmen e was "not pleased but puzzled" wilh the Western move, He did not elaborate. Western dipiomals expected (he: Soviet Union lo agree that the lest )an issue be negotiated within the wider issue of disarmament. .'After all it is their own pro- one diplomatic source add- ed. The Soviet government proposed merger ot the test ban and dis- armament issues last summer at- er the two Western powers sub- mitlcd a complete draft of a test tan treaty. This draft included :ar-reaching Western concessions on the international control ma- chinery the West feels is neces- sary to ensure observance of-an agreement to ban nuclear weap- ons tests. The Soviet government then withdrew all previous agreements worked out in'more than Iwo years of negotiations in Geneva. II said in view of the worsening political type of in- ternational controls would be tan- lamount to Western espionage on Soviet soil. Associated Preis (ff) President Requests Streamlining .-.EXPLOSION SCENE This is the scene after a gas line in a housing area near 1 the" Texrox .Gasolines-Plant of :Borger exploded ,Tuesday.morning' and the flash fife that follow'edspnlfoiir critically burned'persons to the hospital. (AP Wirephoto) AMID RIOTING Domini High Command Target of Plan WASHINGTON (API-President] Kennedy sent Congress a six-' point plan Tuesday for drastic streamlining of the Army's high command. "The primary purpose of this reorganization is to develop an Army with the best possible com- mand structure, management, raining, doctrine, weapons, equip- ment and Secretary of the Army Elvis J. Stahr Jr. said. This first major Army reorgan- ization in nine years affects the '.op headquarters level but leaves .mdisturbctl the Army's combat structure and Ihe headquarters of its field commands. It involves creation of two new op-level commands under which will be concentrated research, de- velopment, procurement and other "unctions now performed by such individual technical services as ihe ordnance, quartermaster and Signal Corps. The services will continue lo exist, hut Ihe posts of chief of ordnance, chief chemical officei and quartermaster general will be abolished. Some other technical service chiefs will be downgraded. At present, Ihe chief chemica officer is Alaj. Gen. Marshal Slubbs, the -chief of ordnance is LI. Gen. John A. Hinrichs, an cial staff and operating agencies :o reflect the changes. Four jobs will be the chief signal officer, the ad- jutant general, chief of trans- portalion and chief of finance. Stahr said the functions, however, would be performed by officers with the same titles. The Army staff, including the technical services personnel, now totals officers, enlisted men and civilians. The plan is to cut this by with the people in- volved being shifted lo the new material and combat develop- ment command. The Army General Staff now numbers 3.000. Officers said the total would not be cut by more than a few hundred. 20% Tariff Cut Okayed Jy U.S., Europe Market iiy AI.FRKO BRUSSELS, Belgium (API The United Slates and the Euro- pean common market have agreed on a mutual cut of 20 per cent in tariffs on industrial pro- ducts and some reductions on ag- ricultural products, a common market spokesman announced Tuesday night. The arrangements were com- pleted at a 20-minutc meeting winding up four days of negotia- lions between Howard Peterson, President Kennedy's as sistant for trade mailers, and Joan Rey, n member of the Com- mon Mnrkcl Executive Commis sion. However, some polishing was reported slill required. The concluding session was at- tended by W, Walton Bullcrworlh, U.S. ambassador to the common European Economic by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands hnil Luxembourg The regulations of Ihe General Agreement of Tariffs nnd Trade which sponsored the lalks, provide lhat iletnils must be kept secret until the agreement Is .signed. A cottinmnlquc announced It would bo signed within the next few days at GATT's headquarters in Genera. The document then will be submitted to the common market council in February. Approval by the U.S. Congress is unnecessary. Kennedy has the authority under existing law to WEATHER U.S. BKVAllTMKXT OF CO.MMEHCE WKATIIKR RURKM1 IWealtirr Map. 8-A> AniLENt: AND VICINITY (Baclluj miles) Clear to partly cloudy, Httlt warmer Wednesday anil Wednesday nlsnl cooler Thursday, mxh Wednesday 50 to W Low Wednesday nlflhl 30. Hliih Thursda> In the MONTH CENTRAL TEXAS Clear lo partly cloudy Wednesday through Thura [lay, Colder Thursday. IllRh Wcdnesda) 5060. NORTHWEST TKXAS Clear lo partl> cloudy Wednesday through Thursday. A little warmer Wednesday. Colder Thurs day and extreme north Wednesday nlRhl Mich Wednesday ii-ss. TKXAS Partly cloudj lo cloudy Wednesday through Thursday "'ednesday nljlht and ilncsday generally in manner Ilijih We UFI, a.m. Tuel. Q.r M 33 -13 33 _____....... -15 33............ 47 37 45 35............ 35 37 33 36 38 ........___ M M 38 40............ High t andJtw for ending 9 dale last year: ft Sunset tail night! sunrise today lui'ifl Ionian! SArtJnteler reading It 9 p.rri.j uraldity it p.m. M ftl CtnU p-m.E 47 and 33, Illjth and low j make the cuts covered in the Tgreement, Negotiations between Ihe two luge trading powers started Sept. 1, A common market delegate (o ATT, T. Hijzen. said the talks were prolonged because Ihe com- mon market offered a general 23 per conl mutual cut in industrial' tariffs while the United States in- sisted on negotiating ilem by item, 'It is the first lime thnt one delegation has negotiated tariff cuts in the name of six coun- a common market spokes- man said. Informed sources reported the French were reluctant to grant tariff reductions on certain Ameri- can chemicals anil that this was about the only restriction in the agreement. HiJ7.cn explained: "There were two different negotiations: One imposed by a GATT regulation which lasted unlil May, 1961, and a multilateral negotiation based on Ihe EEC offer to cut tariffs by 20 per cent. "In these negotiations, those with the United States were most important since they dealt with an enormous number of products, It could have been very damag- ing for the world hail they foiled"