Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 16, 1944, Abilene, Texas
WAR BOND SCORE
flurth War Loon quota Iola* Friday Salat this month Shortage
Abilene porter ~58teto£i
WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE ICI I YOUR W OR LD EXAC I LY AS 11 GOIS -Byron_
|VOU. LXIII, NO. 214.
A TEXAS NEWSPAPER
ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 16, 1944-THIRTY-TWO PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated Pres* (AP)
United Pf et* (IIJJ
PRICE FIVE CENTS
RUSSIANS KILL ON
WAR LOAN CAMPAIGN STARTS TODAY IN CHURCHES
Ministers of Abilene will sound the opening call Sunday for Taylor county people to rally once more to support of their fighting men and oversubscribe the $3,345,000
quota for the Fourth War Loan drive.
The campaign work will be
launched Wednesday morning at a meeting at the Second Street USO to begin at 9 o’clock. Arrangements for the morning kick-off conference, at which coffee and doughnuts will be served, are being handled by C. W. Gill, vice chairman of the county war bond executive committee, and Wilmer Sims.
will be given to the workers by i was in Series E bonds.
Max Bentley, speakers committee chairman, said ministers of Abilene and Taylor county have shown much enthusiasm over the opportunity to bring to the attention of their congregations of Sunday the importance of this Fourth War Loan drive.
Taylor county, said Chairman Caldwell, faces one of the toughest assignments war has tossed into its lap. He referred to the fact that $1,303,000 of the $3,245,000 Fourth War Loan quota is the Series E bonds quota.
* * 0
Taylor county has gone well over its quota in the three other War
The emphasis upon purchases of Series E bonds by individuals is
ly $75,000 will have been purchased by Jan. 18. Tile purchases made in the county since Jan. I are to
the dominant feature of the Fourth be credited toward the Fourth War
Under leadership of Mrs. L. E. Dudley and officials of the City
Throughout last week Caldwell's office In the Mims building was
Federation of Women’s clubs, the a bee-hive of activity, with several
women's city-wide canvas and soli citation for sales of Series E bonds will begin Feb. I, Caldwell announced.
meetings each day of various committees preparing for the campaign.
Tile executive committee consists of Caldwell, * Gill, Sims, Henry All of the $3,245,000 Taylor coun- j james. Malcolm Meek and W J. ty quota is to come from non-bank pulwtler.
buyers, the chairman pointed out. John B. Ray is general chairman There are 25 business days in the for retailers.
Fourth War Loan period—Jan. 18 The wholesalers committee into Feb. 15. To meet the quota, sales eludes O. C. Williams, chairman, must average not less than $130,000 j W. Hoover, H. M. Harrison, W.
The program Wednesday morning will be opened wdth an address
by C. M. Caldwell, Taylor county Loan drives, but in th<* Third drive, daily. This takes into consideration J P wright, O. V. Farnsworth, H. W. bond chairman. Following a short ' when $4,500,COO in bonds of all the fact that, at the rate shown talk by R. M. Fielder, instructions I types was sold, only $700,000 of this I since Jan. I, a total of approximatc-
Se? WAR LOAN, Pf. 6, Col 7
Jap Strongholds Near
./HAT GERMANY MUST LOSE—The vast area conquered by the Nazi war machine since German troops first marched into Austria in March, 1938, includes the heartland of Europe. Allied armies began to nibble at the fringes with the invasion of Sicily and Italy in the late gummer of 1943. Then came the Russian triumphs. Arrows show direction of multiple _blows that will wrench Hitler’s conquests away from him.
P'......... —— ___
Bomb Northern France Again
.Brunswick Hit With 87 Tons ’A Minute Blast
FrenchComeback AUSSIES STORM OUTSKIRTS Hunter, Holman
Scores Two Miles
LONDON, sunday, Jan. 18 —(if)—
The RAF shattered industrial Brunswick in Central Germany Friday night with 2.000 long tons of bombs drooped in 23 minutes, and last night returned to the contin- seventh Airforce, ent to keep its offensive rolling with attacks on Northern France.
Coastal observers saw searchlights operating in the Calais area Rand heard rumbles across the channel early this morning after th* planes went over.
The Brunswick raid, aided by Mosquito feints on Berlin and * Magdeburg set a record bomb
9 concentration of 87 tons per
In American weights, that equals more than a ton-and*a half per second.
0 The big bombers battled through
skies aglow with Nazi fighters’ flares and rocket shells to hammer the city — one of the five prime targets of the massive American raids on Tuesday — producing Messersch-mitts, artillery, motorcycles, tract-$ ors. and railway equipment.-
It was estimated that the fleet striking Brunswick alone amounted to between 600 and 700 four-engin-ed planes and that a total of approximately 1,000 bombers was out
• during the night.
Relays of RAF fighter-bombers and fighters continued attacks on the so-called “rocket-gun coast ’ of Fiance on a smaller scale Saturday afternoon.
The British press association speculated that at the height of the assault on Brunswick bombs were being dropped at the rate of lot) tons per minute. Fires could be seen for 150 miles by fliers after leaving the city.
Enemy resistance was late forming and the fleet shot down just four German night fight-* era.
The successful Mosquito feints ■o scrambled enemy fighter de-L lenses that they could not c<*n“
centrale on the Brunswick raiders until their lethal loads were gone and the city lay flaming with smoke columns reaching
gee BOMBINGS, Pg. 6, Col. 3
AMERICAN PILOTS FACING GREAT STRAIN IN PACIFIC
By WILLIAM L. W’ORDEN ! to the great distances, the lack of HICKHAM FIELD. Hawaii, Jan. fighter escort and the small chance 15—iAP)—American pilots are flying of survival for crews who lost treir the most nerve-straining missions in aircraft in the ocean between base the world to bomb Japanese installa- and target.
tions again and again in the Cen- Under a new policy of relieving tral Pacific, says Maj. Gen. Willis bomber crews after 30 missions over H. Hale, commander of the U. S. enemy territory, he said the fliers
would have a 50-50 chance of getting
But, he said, the raids have ef- out of the area alive.
fected 80 per cent neutralization of -
two island airports in the Marshalls and caused lesser damage among all of the enemy’s important ba*es now facing newly-won American positions in the Gilberts.
The picture he presented of aerial warfare in the Mid-Pacific sector was of a constant campaign designed to keep the Japanese from using bases they have or to prevent them from developing them.
Hale said in an interview' yester-
Air Base Flier Dies in Crash
An Abilene Army flier, on routine flight, was killed Saturday when his A-36-A ship crashed three
a.,, ^ raile5 north of Lawton. Okla., at
day that Army bombers and fighters .. . ... _ ,
‘ ai,a the pdge The Fort Sill Military
the Associated Press
had shot down or destroyed on the r«prVatinn ground at least 119 enemy aircraft saicl ’
plus another 74 probables, out of 418 '
planes sighted by American fliers The Army ship severed about two-in the constant strike, since early ,h,rds ,of .thc trlephonr lmes belast November. American losses ‘f**“ sncl For' S,“ ln I T'
from Nov. 12 to Jan. 7 amounted to three per cent per mission, he added.
Tile attacks have been so destructive, the general noted, that the Japanese had to withdraw their aircraft n^' oMheViexV'of'kin'of the‘dead from some bases, apparently to hus- y0Uth band them for more dependable -
chash, telephone company officials said.
Officials of the Abilene Army Air Base said they were unable to dis cuss the accident, pending notifica-
The bombing flights were termed Abl levi IQ ll Seeking by Hale as “a greater strain than -
any other flying in the world,” due
Information of Son
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Algiers, Jan. 15—./Pi—French forces staging a comeback on the battlefields of Europe have fought at least two miles forward Into the left flank of the German fortifications in Italy guarding Cassino, capturing Acquafondata and thr-e high points near it. Allied head quarters announced today.
Tile hamlet of Acquafondata lies seven miles northeast of Cassino. American troops stand less than four miles southwest of Cassino.
The French have in the past three days advanced from two to five miles against stiff opposition.
A,„*trOJif lustres* fer the American rirht flank had bean formed by the success of the French under Gen. Alohonse Juin. Beating off five furious covnterattacks. these troops have spread out through German hill positions. The 5th Army group reported late today that Viticuso, just aouth of Acquafondata, had been bypassed by the French, but it was not known whether the village actually was occupied.
(Yesterday the German radio said the Nazis had withdrawn from Acquafondata).
South and sou Ut west of Cassino Ai ican troops pressed farther into the belt of fortifications which German prisoners refer to as the Gustav Line, made on Mt physical obstacle on the road to Cassino, now less than four miles away.
Allied aviation was active, striking enemy supply dumps and communications ahead of the Fifth Army and raiding into Yugoslavia. American Fortresses and Liberators with fighter escort made a heavy attack on the Mostar, Yugoslavia, airfield and barracks which feed Nazi activities against the Partisans. Light bombers and fighter-bombers attacked shipping in the Adriatic near Sibenik They scored four hits which left a 5.000-ton merchantman in flames. Numerous other smaller craft were hit.
On the Eighth Army’s front there w'as extensive patrol activity.
On both the Fifth and Eighth Army fronts British artillery was active throughout yesterday.
Map Oil Plans
J. C. Hunter of Abilene and Eugene Holman, vice president of the Standard Oil company of New Jer sey and Hardln-Simmons untver sity graduate, have been named members of a special committee of the petroleum industry executives to formulate a national oil policy for recommendation to the government, it was announced Sat urday night.
The program will Include both of Sio. last ^Japanese base on Huon peninsula will open up IOO miles of (jorpi8n arid domestic phases of a
OF SIO; MARINES PUSH ON
By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor The fall of two key Japanese strong points appeared imminent today. Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported Australians were storming into the outskirts of Sio on New Guinea s Huon peninsula and American Marines were battling up thc slopes of Hill 660, dominating Borgen bay at Cape Gloucester, New Britain.
Australians captured artillery and supplies as they pushed into territory trapped Japanese forces have been trying to abandon. Tile fall
Guerrillas Aiding Drive Over Poland
LONDON, Sunday, Jan. 16 (AP)—Soviet mobile units in Southern White Russia dashed westward yesterday toward the old Polish border, 55 miles away, while Red army forces in the Ukraine killed 2,000 Germans counter - attacking against the Red army threat to Rumania, Moscow disclosed today.
Beriin reports, meanwhile, told of a major Russian drive near Leningrad and in two other northern sectors, re-awakening that long inoc-ive front.
Gen. Constantine Rokossovsky’i forces, pushing west and northwest from captured Kalinkovlchl and Mozyr, fought their way forward through the Pripet marshes “inflicting enormous losses on the enemy without giving him a chance to reorganize his forces,” said the Moscow midnight broadcast communi-gue.
The Russians, last reported at Skrigalov, 20 miles west of Kalinkovichi, were headed for Pinsk, 115 miles to the west.
Russian airmen patrolling the frozen marsh area destroyed an armored train with direct bomb hits, the bulletin said.
Work Injuries Hit Record of Decade
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15—</P — More than 2,400,000 persons were disabled bv work injuries in 1943,
Attractive one, two, and three star Service Emblems are available to relatives and friends of men and women in the Armed Forces, free of charge at The Reporter-News Business Office.
These emblems are printed on book paper in colors. If the one you now have is faded, discolored, or torn, one will be given as a replacement.
They will be mailed for only Se.
Mrs. J. A. Christian. 734 Locus, last night was searching frantically for a, sailor na lied Davis, in hope of getting som» word of her son, who has not written for IO months.
Mrs. Christian called the Report-. er-News to seek aid in finding the
the highest number for any year in | sai]or *ho tol(1 a mutUal friend
the last decade.
Declaring that “most of these accidents could have been prevented,”
Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins said today that working time lost! or s last name
last year because of Injuries -
amounted to 56,800.000 working days.
If future economic losses due to 18,400 deaths. 1,700 permanent total disabilities, and 108,000 permanent partial impairments are included, she said, the equivalent loss would amount to 274,000.000 days, “or a
day’s work by 914,000 workers.”
the Northeast New' Guinea coast for the push toward Madang, major enemy stronghold.
Caught between the Australians and Americans, who are 40 miles up the coast near Saidor, the Japanese on the Huon peninsula have horn trying to fire for a week. But American planes awd PT boats have been steadily picking off their barges, some while they were still being loaded at Sio.
Fighting intensified on the wet. Jungled covered slopes of Hill 660, studded with Japanese pillboxes. Tile hill, on the eastern flank of thc Marines holding at Cape Gloucester, overlooks Japanese defenses of Borgen bay. It Is so vital the Nipponese have sacrificed more than 1,000 lives in an attempt to hold it.
In the Central Pacific U. 8 Se\enth Airforce bombers made four
attacks on the Marshall islands, sinking a number of ships and leaving
shore installations on fire. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz announced last night at Pearl Harbor.
Raids started with a bombing and strafing attack on Mill in the southern Marshalls were ground installations were left in flames and then moved on up to the less frequently hem bcd bases in the center of the island chain.
Several small craft were damaged at Watje Thursday and a medium cargo ship sunk In a repeat raid the next morning. Air bases at Rot and Their advance was j Namur on Kwajalein atoll were attacked Friday and installations left in
Trocchio. last big ; flames.
Over Burma. RAF pilots shot down at least 15. and perhaps 21. Japanese fighters out of a large formation over Allied positions on the Mayu peninsula. Two RAF planes were lost.
China-based United States Liberators sank a gunboat and a small freighter off the South China coast while fighter-bontbers destroyed four pack trains Just north of the Burma-China border.
long range program. It was announced by the Petroleum Industry War Council.
William R Boyd. Jr., chairman of PTWC, slid John A Brown, pres »dent ol the Botony* Vacuum Oil company,’ New YWk, will serve as chairman. Others on the committee are: George A Hill, Jr.. president of the Houston Oil company of Texas; W. Alton Jones, president of Cities Service company, New York; and Charles F Rocser, president of Roeser and Pendleton, Fort Worth.
Judge Hunter Is president of the Mid-Continent Oil and Gas association.
Gates of Alexandria See Rommel-Once
Democrat Leaders Protest Patronage
Marines Give Over
GUADALCANAL, Jan. 16 - J5
CHICAGO, Jan. 15 —iTP— An of- WASHINGTON. Jan. 15—f)— A fleer of the British 8th Army said group of Democratic leaders from
Far to the south. wher» Gen. Nikolai Vatutin’s left wing bas been beating back ceaseless German thrusts since Ja. 12. the German* continued their attacks in a dogged effort to bar the Russians from gaining the Odessa-Lwow railway— the main German communication* line into the Dnieper bend.
The fighting was located as east of Vinnitsa and for the first tim* aa “north of Uman” by the Russians wrho said the Germans wer* using large forces of infantry and jliks. Unr„ is 85 mile* southt * of Vinnitsa.
During the day 70 German tank* were burned out as well as ll self-propelled gpns and 15 armored troop carriers.
Guerrillas in the Rovno province of old Poland were aiding Vanillins right wing which was 46 miles across the frontier past Sarny. The guerrillas struck an unexpected blow at the retreating Germans, routed a battalion of infantry and "captured several populated places,** tho communique said. Thousands of Russians the Germans wero taking back to forced labor were rescue in the coup.
Berlin’s announcement said that the Red Army had struck out with major forces in ./hat appeared to be another full-scale Soviet offensive.
The German communique told of the new onslaught In the north, declaring that the Russians had attacked “w'ith major forces’’ in th* Oranienbaum area, about 20 mile* wrest of Leningrad, in the are* north of Lake Ilmen and In th*' area northwest and north of Nevel. The bulletin said initial attack* were repulsed.
A later Berlin broadcast, adopt-
Lf. John 5. Cook,
Breckenridge, Dies In Crash at Pampa
Lf. John S Cook of Breckenridge, instructor in the Army Advanced Flying school at Pampa, was killed in a crash of a twin-engined combat training plane IO miles north of Pampa Friday night, officers of the field announced Saturday. Also killed W’ere two student pilots. Cadet Raymond Joseph Pierick of Des Moines, la., and Cadet Edward J.
Pinchak of Cleveland, O.
Lieutenant Cook’s body will be taken to Breckenridge for burial, it was said there last night. His parents-in-law, Mr, and Mrs. W. H Rhodes of Breckenridge were in ing a tone usual for the German*
today that Marshall Erwin Rommel’s Africa corps broke through the El Alannen line on a seven mile front on July 3, 1942 and rolled “almost to the gates of Alexandria” before the British stopped him.
Addressing the Young Men’s Jewish Council, Maj. Peter W. Rainir, chief engineer in charge of the water supply for the Eighth Army
several midwestern states are coming to the capital Friday, a day In advance of the Democqptic National committee meeting, to organize protests against administration appointments in their areas.
Headed by National Committeeman James C. Quigley of Nebraska, the group includes national committee members and state chairmen Party sources here said to
wline enroute to Abilene, that he knew her son, Kenneth Christian and that he was doing well.
The friend diin’t know the sail-
in North Africa, said.
“On July 3, Rommel attacked the ; night they understood the western-
The last combat units of the Third El Alamien line and. something cis’ ire is aimed largely at Marine division have completed their that has never yet been published, ments of s*cre,ar> °f J- ure
mission of establishing a strong he brokr through it on a sevrn-milc Wickard and A. G^ Black, cnleloi beachhead on Bougainville island front. Through this gap. Panzer di- the Fin rn Credit Administration. in the Solomons and have been re- visions roared on toward Alcxan- In particular. Quigley is repre-
lievcd by an Army division. dria. only 50 miles awa', across the seined as ready to complain aboil
Marine combat correspondent open dr.rert. Rommel was stopped the appointments of blank I Rob-Theodore C. Link. St. Louis. Mo., by a few tanks and some very tired ninon of Kearney, Neb . and Je s reported the Marines are now re* men almost at the gates of Alexan- Alton of Mondamin, la, ss farm laxing at another Island base. I dria on July 4.” I credit bank directors._
Pampa arranging for the transportation.
The officer was 23 years old. a graduate of Breckenridge high school and former student at John Tarleton college and Oklahoma university. He entered service in 1942 and trained at Kelly, Oarner, Randolph and Ellington fields.
He is survived by his wife, living in Pampa; a sister, Mrs. John R. Jones of Russell, Kau . and a brother, Hibbert, of Breckenridge.
in disclosing a major Soviet offensive. said:
"German military quarters believ* that the enemy is preparing to extend his attacks to other parts of the same front xxx German military quarters refrain from expressing opinion as to whether the increase of attacks on the northern sector may be reckoned with or not.”
Chennoult Named Home Game Warden
BATON ROUGE. La.. Jail 15
Jack Nelson Waggoner of Breckenridge and Everett Emmett Pruitt of Munday have been given temporary promotions from second to first lieutenant, the War Department T't—Gen. Claire Chennault said he announced Saturday. The former is would rather be a Loui.-iana game Rn engineer, the latter *n the in-
WEIRD TEXAS WEATHER CONTINUES; MERCURY UP
warden than Governor or U. S. Senator — and he got his wish, the governor s office announced to- I day.
Asked in a letter from Ben Chase of Waterproof. La., the general’s home town, if he would consider running for governor or senator,
Bv The Associated Press
drop In the Waco temperatures,, and snow.
Rays of sun beat down on snow- however, it was reported.
Nazi Planes Pay Visit to England
LONDON. Jan. 15 — if* —The Germans sent about a dozen planes over England tonight, a few of which reached the London area causing a brief alert and provoking heavy gunfire along the Thames river. One of the Nazi planes was shot down.
Etfrlier, several high flying Nazi raiders crossed the Southeast English coast and some of th^m darted inland. Some bombs were dropped in rural areas and along thp coast, but there were no report* of casualties.
filled streets a;id countryside of Texas yesterday as weird weather conditions continued
The Dallas off ce of the weather bureau reported that a cold front, by-passing the Dallas area, was moving into the Waco section early todav. a bureau forecaster explained that while Dallas had a northerly wind, Waco’s wind w’as coming from a southerly direction and that at the juncture in that area, the cold mass of air was being forced earthward. Early in the evening the temperature reading in Dallas was 43 degrees, while at Waco the mercury stood at 31 degrees. Much of the temperature drop, however, was due to the ice and snow in the Central Texas region.
There will oe no further marked
From the Panhandle to deep East I cold. with some reported dead, af Texas thence across the Louis-1 ter Hie coldest night of the winter.
reported cattle suffering from tne Chennault, an enthusiastic hunter,
I. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER Bl RT VV ABILES* INO Vll IV IT V: PartlT
answered that the only office to1 cloudy and warmer e*.-ept in extrema
Snow turned to slush and sub-freezing temperature'* had climbed to a comfortably warm mark In Abilene Saturday afternoon as a low temperature of 36 for the day was recorded This was in marked contract to the previous 24-hour period, when the mercury dipped to 9 degrees. Forecast for Sunday was for even warmer weather.
In the tall timber country of East Texas. Lufkin was recovering from the most damaging blows from the
I iana line the sun was shining terdav after snow’ had laid a heavy I over highway 31.
14 degrees. Bus service was resumed
mantle over wide areas, skipping other sections. Snow- flurries reached as far south as Houston, bu* Dal-
Other points reported:
Wichita Falls, clear and 27 degree^ at 7 30 a. rn.; Laredo got
las and much of Northeast Texas | freezing temperatures for fifth
morning during first half of January. minimum at 30 degrees, but
which he aspired was that of game warden.
The State Department of Conservation has mailed to Chungking a commission and badge making the general a full-fledged game warden in his native Tensas parish.
Weather men described it a'
a tug-of-war between a gulf storm and the mass of cold air from the north.
While the sun shone over most of the Central Texas plains area, the mercury was at 26 and slightly
weather in years. Telephone and i above during the day. Longview in telegraph communications, cut off East Texas slogged through a five-most of the day. w'ere gradually
being restored. But a $5,000,000
inch snow', heaviest in a decade, but it was melting fast. Six inches fell
damage bill w as left by ice, sleet | at Corsicana and nearby Malakoff
Spanish Units Give Aid to Nazi Force
NEW YORK. Jan. 15—/P>—Gen. Francisco Franco "has a secret since 1940. recorded at Houston, but agreement with Hitler's headquar-
onions were expected to survive; traffic disrupted at Shreveport after three and one-half Inch snow, but the sun was shining through yesterdav; scattered flurries, first
south and extreme north portions Sun (Its; Monday partly cloudy and slightly colder in north.
Vt e st TK \ AS: Partis clouds sunday 4 n it slighti' colder in Panhandle tat* in afternoon or Sunday night: Monday partly cloud' and slightly colder iii Panhandle and south Plains and eat! of the Pecos river.
TI MPI a ' TI RI '
SM Tri HOI R Sal PM
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sun was out aga;n :or the first time in a week; and snow was melting fast in the winter playground area around San Antonio with minimum temperature for last night predicted at 30 degrees.
ters providing that new Spanish units, considerably exceeding hi size the blue division recruits, are
19. , IO
to be sent to Russia.” the Moscow is and ss
High and low temperatures to 9 p. na. 39 and St.
High and low same date last year!
radio reported tonight, quoting dispatch from Lisbon.
Sunset last Right: *>:S1, Sunrise thia morning. 8.40. Sunset tonight. 6.SS.