Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 16, 1938, Abilene, Texas
W&t %Mm Reporter
"WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES,"-Byron
VOL LYU, NO. 243
ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 16, 1938 THIRTY-TWO PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS
Ametatal Pres* (Ap) l'nH«4 Preu (CP)
PRICE 5 CENTS
IN FRENCH CRISIS
. Socialists Refuse To Back Georges Bonnet
’ Still Sure Of . Forming Gov't
GIRI OF 16, BOY WHO BLOCKED FOR EAGLE RUNNERS LAST FALL TOP WINTER CLASS
Social Peace To Pacify Labor Aim 6f Former Envoy
PARIS, Jan. 15—(A*)—The People’s
front tonight split anew over Fi-nancier-Diplomat Georges Bonnet’s efforts to give Prance a new government.
The socialist group in the chamber of deputies voted unanimously to refuse to participate in cm* support a Bonnet cabinet after the radical socialist premier-designate offered socialists posts in his prospective ministry.
The premier-designate announced he was awaiting a formal letter from the socialist party confirming this stand before taking another step.
The former ambassador to Washington formally accepted President Albert Lebrun’s cabinet mandate as successor to Camille Chautemps.
Bonnet's own party, the radical-socialists, approved his assumption of the task provided he form another People's front government. Communists, socialists and the more conservative radical-socialists composed the people's front.
Bonnet, finance minister in the retiring Chautemps government, apparently was confident he could overcome the socialist opposition and weld a cabinet capable of dealing with Prance's labor and mon-tary troubles which contributed largely to resignation of the Chautemps government early Friday.
He declared he would press efforts for a code of social peace to pacify labor.
Two Painfully Hurt In Highway Mishap
Two persons received painful in-! juries whoa their automobile, con-1 tabling a party of five, rammed $U concrete bridge abutment Saturday! evening.
The accident occurred about i:30 o'clock on the Albany highway, just outside the Abilene city limits.
Those injured were Mrs. J. G. King and R. B. Roberts, both of Dallas. Their companions, Mr. and Mrs. Bill Bloss and daughter Betty Jane, also of Dallas- were unhurt.
The party, riding in a light sedan, was en route to Snyder.
All five were taken to Hendrick Memorial hospital by an Elliott ambulance.
Evelyn Taylor, (right, top) and A. K. Doss Jr. are “tops” with midterm graduates of Abilene high school.
Miss Taylor is valedictorian in the class of 46 seniors, with an average of 95.5. She is being graduated at the end of three and one-half
Blue-eyed and blonde-haired, Evelyn is the 16-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Talor, who live near Hawley. She plans to enter Hardin-Simmons university for the second semester, majoring in English.
Doss, blocking back for last fall’s district champions, is the football player whose grades make him an exception. Young Doss is second ranking in the class and salutator-ian with a four-year average of 94.5. He entered high school in January, 1934.
He is 17 years old -nd the son of Attorney and M.*. A. K. Doss, who live at 897 Elmwood drive. After a spring and summer vacation from the classroom, Doss will enter college next fall. His tentative choice is the University of Texas.
Graduation exercises for the midterm class will be held Friday with Dr. L. Q. Campbell of Hardin-Sim-mons university as speaker. The class sermon will be delivered today by Dr. M. A. Jenkens at the First Baptist church.
SULPHUR SPRINGS, Jan. 15— (IP)—Margaret Guinn of Cumby, Tex., died today of injuries received last night in an automobile accident in which seven ether persons were injured.
One of the cars figuring lo the collision carried students of tpe Willsboro high school, en route lo Mineola for a basketball game.
Photos by Thurman
NATION'S SAFEST CITY—
Citizens Assume Responsibility To Halt Beaumont Traffle Killing
Day Of Grace For Liquor In Howard
BIG SPRING, Jan. 15.—<JP)— Legal liquor had its day of grace here today, but officials announced that dry laws will be in force in Howard county Monday. Validity of an election under which the county went dry was upheld Friday and last midnight was the fixed deadline on legal sales of liquors and beverages; but liquor control board agents permitted package stores and beer vendors to operate today.
Rulings came from Austin that an appeal on the election contest does not affect the county’s dry status, and agents said that dry status must begin Monday.
Tickets To W.O.W. Benefit Dance For Milk Fund On Sale
Tickets for Friday evening's PTA milk fund benefit dance at WOW hall are on sale at the Lindsey Pharmacy on Pine. Fain Pharmacy at First and Chestnut and Ideal Cafe on Chestnut street, Arch Baum, arrangements chairman, announced last night.
The dance is being arranged and promoted by members of the Woodmen of the World 'and the Woodman Circle and all proceeds above orchestra hire will go into the fund to buy milk for under-nourished children in the city schools.
Tickets are 50 cents each, ladies with escorts admitted free.
Meanwhile donations for the month to this fund reached $95. Mrs. Edith C .Smith, secretary-treasurer, announced receipt of gifts from Ben E. Peak, $5; anonymous-ll.
Although gifts have increased greatly in tile past few days there still is insuffiicent money in the fund to provide milk for more than two-thirds of those needing it this month—and after the first of February there will be only enough to supply about IO per cent of the more than 200 children known to be seriously under-nourished. It is especially essential that monthly gifts be made, or that donations be received much more rapidly and in larger amounts before the end of the month if the problem is to be met.
Donations should be mailed to Un, Smith at Abilene high school
(Editor’s Note: The federal census bureau ranked Beaumont, Tex., first among the nation s principal cities reporting traffic death reductions in 1937. The Associated Press asked W. W. Ward, managing editor of the Beaumont Journal, to tell how Beaumont did it. His story follows.)
BEAUMONT, Jan. IB—<JP)—Citizens of Beaumont stopped killing and maiming each other in 1937.
Of course, the police backed them, but the safety compaign which projected the city into the position of first in the nation in reduction of traffic accidents, orginated with the citiaenry.
Traffic deaths in 1936 numbered 22. Traffic deaths in 1937 numbered six, or a reduction of 72.7 per cent. (Census bureau figures put the percentage of reduction at 63.6, but they included a man as a traffic victim who was killed when his truck fell on him as he worked on it in his back yard).
SAFETY LEAGUE Last January when the citizens of Beaumont were leminded that they had killed 22 persons with their cars in 1936, they decided to stop. Representatives from every civic, patriotic, fraternal and religious organization in the city joined in a
safety league. This league told Chief of Police L. B. Maddox that citizens wanted the law enforced and that they would trying to get oat of paying stop sign and speeding violation fines.
They paid. In 1936, $2,661 was pair on 1.455 stop sign fines. In 1937, $7,018 was paid on 2,410 fines. In 1936, 141 speeders paid $627
while in 1937, 958 paid $5,288 in speeding fines.
The safety league, working with the police department, marked the site of each 1936 traffic death with a large yellow cross that had its psychological effect in slowing down potential speeders.
The safety league maintained a daily chart, prominently displayed on the city hall lawn on the main street, tabulating the number of accidents to date, the number injured and the number killed.
An engineering committee of the league took a hand in the campaign by eliminating bad comers and by the use of signal lights at strategic intersections.
But the safety league is not satisfied. It has arranged to continue its program of rigid law enforcement and expand its activities to include an educational campaign for pedestrians in 1938.
US, Britain May Shun Treaty To Cope With Japs
Nippon's Naval Expansion Will Decide Course
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15.—<*V-High authorities said tonight the United States and Great Britain were preparing to disregard London naval treaty limitations on the size of battleships if reports were confirmed that Japan was building larger dreadnaughts.
The disclosure came while President Roosevelt was drafting a special message to congress recommending expanded naval construction.
One of the principal considerations receiving his attention, it was reported authoritatively, was the possibility that the United States might be forced to build bigger—as well as more—battleships lf it is to retain naval superiority over Japan.
France also was reported to be considering the construction of capital ships in excess of treaty limits as a result of Italy’s battleship building activities.
The London naval treaty, signed in 1936 by the United States. Great Britan and France, established a 35,000-ton limit on the size of dreadnaughts to be built in the future by those nations. Germany and Soviet Russia later subscribed to this limitation through separata agreements with Great Britain.
Japan, which previously had denounced earlier international treaties limiting the number of vessels In the world's navies, refused to adhere to the new accord.
Unconfirmed news reports have been published in Europe recently, saying that the Nipponese empire began the construction of two 49,000-ton super men -o’-war last year and that work on two more of a similar size is to start soon.
Clergyman Wants Privacy In Fest
MEMPHIS. Term., Jan. 15—6F>— Dean Israel Harding Nee reiterated today his belief he should be left alone to continue his search for a “new way of life.”
The dean of St. Mary’s Episcopal cathedral made these points clear:
1. He has made no public claims concerning his fasting and prayer
; in search of immortality. He Is I not thinking in terms of fasting I but in terms of working out a philosophy of life.
2. He does not feel concerned about the opinions of others, either in the medical profession or the clergy, respecting his attempts to work out a program to which he has given many years of study, especially since he feels others have no real idea of what he is doing.
3. He does not intend to tell his story until he has worked It out and tested IL
4. He is working out his program from a purely personal standpoint
Nominate Reed To Court
RECOGNITION FOR CHINESE GOV'T WITHDRAWN BY JAPS
Statomont Follows Imperial Conference; Offer Cooperation Toward Developing New Regime
TOKYO, Jan. 16— (Sunday)—(AP)—Japan today an-nounced withdrawal of recognition of the Chinese government.
The announcement said Japan looked forward to the estab-- liahment and growth of a new
Meter Verdict Due Thursday
Two Boxes Open For Marking Of Briefest Ballots
Thursday is “election day."
Voters of the city of Abilene will “elect” to keep parking meters, or to do away with them.
The ballots, perhaps as brief as any ever used here, had been printed yesterday, and all was set for the referendum. The ballots read: FOR: Parking Meters.
AGAINST: Parking Meters.
The polls will open at 8 o’clock Thursday morning and remain open until 7 p. rn., as in regular elections. There will be two boxes, one at the Butternut street fire station and the other at the Cedar street fire station.
Judge and assisants at the north side box are to be A J. Leighty, Dr. J. G. Dodge, Mrs. J. P. Stinson and Jim Littletone.
In charge of the south side box will be Z. D. Hailey, W. 8. Daniel, Mrs. E. filius and C. C. Sellers. DIVIDING LINE All voters living north of the Texas A Pacific railway will vote on Cedar street; those living south of
Hoover Pointe Peace Policy, Says Our Strength Must Be Respected
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. IS—(JP) — Former President Herbert Hoover today suggested an eight-point peace policy for America, based on moral force, economic remedies and a determination to face the realities in a disordered world.
The former president spoke to the annual meeting of the women’s national republican club in New York.
1. “We must fight for our independence to the last shred of our material and physical strength. And the world should know that if we are to have peace.”
2. Preparedness for defense. "We must be respected not only for our Justice but for our strength .*•
3. Limit our arms “solely to repel aggression against the western hemisphere.”
4. “We must preserve our neutrality.”
“We should not engage ourselves to use military force in endeavoring to prevent or end other people’s wars.”
6. “We should not Join in any economic sanctions or embargoes or boycotts in endeavors to prevent or end other people’s wars.”
7. “We should cooperate in every sane international effort to
advance the economic and social welfare of the world.”
8. “We should by every device and on every opportunity cooperate with other nations to exert moral force and build pacific agencies to preserve peace or end conflict in the world.”
ABILENE AND VICINITY: laerMotos timid In*** Honda) .
WEST TEXAS: Portly rtondy to inift-tlad Hand** nod Monday, »omewfeat colder la north portion Monday.
EAST TEXAS: Cloudy to partly cloudy, warmer la extreme east portion Sunday; Monday cloudy, aomewhat colder la nerth-areet portion. Moderate to freak southerly winds on the roast.
OKLAHOMA: Partly cloudy, warmer ta extreme east portion Sunday; Monday partlycloudy, somewhat colder.
Range of temperature yeeterdoy:
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Sunset yesterday Silt:
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Plane Mishap Is Fatal To Cadot
SAN ANTONIO, Jan. 15.—<JP>— Injuries sustained in the collision of two primary flying planes at Mowtnckle field, an auxiliary landing field one mile from Kirby, brought death this afternoon to flying Cadet Glen I. Kronkhite, 22, Randolph Field student.
EVENTS TO COME IN WEST TEXAS
BIG SPRING.— Annual meeting and convention of Scouters of the Buffalo Trail council will be held in Big Spring January 18.
COLEMAN.—Coleman post of the American Legion will hold its annual banquet at Hotel Coleman Friday evening. Criminal trial areek opens Monday in 119th district court.
WINTERS. — Vocational agriculture project show and rodeo will be held in Winters February 18 and 19.
SPUR.—Old settlers will gather at a campfire meeting at the Ed Dorth farm two miles northeast of Monday evening.
MORAN.—A business men’s banquet will be held Tuesday evening in the Club cafe.
RISING STAR. — Farmers will meet here January 24 to form a watermelon growers’ organization.
MERKEL.—Annual Merkel poultry show wil be held February 3, 4 and 5.
BALLINGER. — Balinger chamber of commerce will add its annual banquet January 20.
Hill Country Firemen’s association will meet in Ballinger February 8.
HASKELL. —Haskell chamber of commerce annual banquet will be held February 15.
SWEETWATER — Sweetwater’s board of city development will hold its annual banquet January 24.
MOZELLE. —Mozelle high school will stage an invitation basketball tournament January 21 and 22.
ROBY.—Fisher county boys’ livestock show mu be held January 96.
at Butternut All persons voting must reside within the city Umits. They must have either the 1936 Or 1937 poll tax receipt. This ruling was made by the city commission to avoid corfuslon—since voters have until January 31 to pay their 1937 poll tax. To have limited the voting to those who paid their 1936 poll tax last January would have cut out many newcomers, it was pointed out. In an unofficial election, the city can make its own rules anyway.
Chinese regime with which, it declared, it would cooperate gladly.
The government’s statement was issued as the result of decisions taken last Tuesday in the fifth imperial conference in Japanese history.
Emperor Hirohito on that occasion presided over a meeting of the highest army, navy and poUtical leaders of the empire.
Chinese Claiming Gains In Shantung
SHANGHAI. Jan. 16-(8unday)— (JP)—Chinese report* today insisted the tide of battle in Shantung province had swung in favor of Chinese defending the fertile region.
Spurred to new activity by the presence of Generalissimo Chlang Kai-Shek, they declared the Chinese not only had stopped the Japanese advance but had recovered IO miles.
The former Chinese commander of the “sacred province,” General Han Fu-Chu, was reported to have been courtmartialed and executed, tm Chlang’s orders, for “dereliction of duty,” charged with having retired with his army of 150,000 men virtually Intact before the Japanese advance.
Cruiser Steams To Aid Cf Americans
The father of Marian Shadier (above), 16, beauty contest winner, sued Chicago’s Ogden Hill Businessmen’s association for $1,000,000 for “shame and humiliation” he claims she suffered when presented with a prize—a certificate tor liquor— in a contest sponsored by the association.
SHANGHAI, Jan. lg-(Sonday)-the railway will cast thtir ballote H United Mates cruiser
Marbithead *prepared today to pro-(^ quickly from Tatngtao to
More Tax Changes May Come Later
WASHINGTON. Jan. 15 — </P>— The treasury’s chief tax expert told a congressional committee today further extensive tax law revisions might be proposed “at some later date.’"
Roswell Magill. treasury undersecretary, made that assertion to a house ways and means committee at initial public hearings on a subcommittee’s recommendations for changing the tax system. «
He said additional revision might touch on such matters as:
Personal tax exemptions, repeal of all “temporary” manufacturers’ excise taxes, tightening the relationship between federal and state taxes, and taxing interest on future issue of federal, state and municipal securities.
Chefoo for protection of American lives and property from possible danger from disorders.
(Chefoo, northeast of Tsingtao, is on the north coast of the Shantung peninsula.)
United States consul Stuart Allen reported there was “considerable disorder” in the city.
Episcopal Dis't Conclave Begins
Sterilized Heiress, Bridegroom Aport
SAN FRANCISCO, aJo. 15.—Ann Cooper Hewitt, sterilised heiress, and her bridegroom of three months. Ronald Gay, 8200-a-month garage foreman- were living on opposite sides of San Francisco Bay today and friends said “to much interference” had disrupted their married life.
Intimates of the two disclosed Gay had left the fashionable Nob Hill apartment of his wealthy 23-year-old bride and returned to the home of his mother, Mrs. Josephine Gay, in Oakland.
Friends of Ann said she was “crushed and broken.”
Gay. who is 30 years old, said “I hope and pray Ann will call me and tell me she cares.”
Thompson Wo ms Of Overproduction
KILGORE, Jan. 15 —(/Pi—East Texas oil mer. and citizens, entertaining for the Texas railroad I commission employes, tonight heard Commissioner Ernest O. Thompson warn that production had outstripped consumption and that excess of gasoline in storage threatens to unbalance the crude ol market,
Thompson said regulatory authorities have kept the balance between production and consumption and must continue to do so to protect the best interest of oil men.
Austin Judge In Att'y-Goneral Roc#
HOUSTON, Jan., 15—(A*)—Judge Ralph Yarborough of the Austin district announced today he would be a candidate for attorney general.
Yarborough did not announce his platform but said “the best platform is performance rather than promise.” He said he would issue later a statement “on every question of public interest.”
Teachers Pick Dallas
FORT WORTH, Jan. 15.—<*>— Dallas was selected today as the 1938 convention city of the Texas State Teachers association. El Paso. Austin, Amarillo and Fort Worth had also extended invitations.
Delegates, clergymen and church members of the Episcopal church bogan arriving yesterday for the 28th annual convocation of the North Texas missionary district of the Protestant Episcopal church. U. S. A. , lf
The Rev. tahiti P.TJeNtajrt, rector and host to the convocation, was unable to greet the delegates due to Illness. Yesterday he was taken to the Kendrick Memorial hospital suffering from a severe cold and nervous exhaustion. His doctor said his condition was not serious and that possibly he could attend the Monday sessions of the meet.
Last night at 7:30 the first meeting of the convocation was held in the parish house. Members of the committee of the department of religious education gathered to hear annual reports and an address by Miss Avis Harvey, field secretary of the women’s auxiliary national council. New York.
Sessions of the convocation will continue through Monday with Corporate Communion and breakfast at the parish house in the early morning and then at 9 a. rn. separate meetings of the women's auxiliary and the mens divisions of the convocation.
Today at 7:30 a. rn., Holy Communion will be held. The church school will meet at 9:45 and at the close of the school, confirmation will be conducted by Bishop E. Cecil Seaman of Amarillo.
At the ll o’clock service, the Rt. Rev. Robert Nelson Spencer, D, Da of Kansas City, Mo., bishop of the Western Missouri territory, will deliver the convocational sermon.
Lunch for delegates, clergy and church members will be served at the Wooten hotel at 1:15.
The young peoples service league will meet at the parish house at 2.30 p. rn. and at 7:30 the Rev. Seaman will preside for a joint meeting of the convention.
Soviet Payments To Italy Stopped
MOSCOW, Jan. 15—(JPh-Russia today suspended all commercial payments to Italy in what diplomatic circles said was a disagreement over delivery of Soviet oil to the. Italian navy.
Selection Liked By Solons, Who Hold Final Word
Many Demands, However, For Public Hearings
WASHINGTON, Jan. 16 — (AP)—A clear majority of administration supporters of the supreme court appeared assured today when President Roosevelt nominated Solicitor General Stanley Reed, veteran defender of new deal enactments, to succeed retirinf Justice George Sutherland.
FOES JOIN IN APPLAUSE
Senators, who must paas upon the the selection of the Kentucky lawyer and dairyman, even some bitter foes of the president’s defeated bill to reorganize the high tribunal Joined in expressing approval.
But there were numerous demands that public hearings be conducted before the senate votes on the appointment, in view of the public furore caused by belated revelations that Justice Hugo L. Black. President Roosevelt’s only other nominee to the court, once was a member of the Ku Klux Klan.
It was apparent the nomination had a better chance of being confirmed quickly than if it had involved the name of someone whose known views were more radical than Reed’s.
He has contended In public addresses that the flexibility of the constitution makes it “as adequate or the problems of today as time has shown it has been adequate to meet the difficulties of the past,”
Administration men count on the nomination to assure Roosevelt measures generally the support of at least five of the court’s nine members in the future. Four present members of the court—Justices Branded JCardpao, Stone and Bleck—have favonKr,feast administration enactments in the pest Chief Justice Hughes and Justice Roberts also have upheld Room-velt measures in a number of instances.
Justice Sutherland, a member of the court group which had voted moet often against the new deal, has announced his retirement, effective Tuesday. If confirmed. Reed therefore could take his place on the court immediately after that date.
Since Justice Cardozo is gravely IU of a heart ailment, some persons in the capital believe he also will I retire shortly and that the president thus will have an opportunity to make a third appointment.
City Without Popor A* Printers Strike
PORTLAND, Ore, Jan. 15—imprinters on Portland's three daily i newspapers, the Oregonian. Oregon Journal, and News-Telegram, walk , ed out on strike today, throwing out of work 8,704 full and part-time employes and leaving the city without a regular newspaper for the first time in its history.
The walkout occurred promptly at I p. rn., ten minutes after the executive council of the Multnomah Typographical union notified publishers that a strike would be called.
The strike order came after more than a month of negotiation over a working contract for 1938.
Start Made On Fund For Second Incubator
This may be the machine age, but to one tiny patient of the Hendrick Memorial hospital a machine is more than cold artificiality.
Cradled in the steel arms of this hulking rectangle of metal and glass and motors, the infant clings to life —life made possible by the only baby Incubator at the hospital.
Born three months prematurely, the babe has lived in this incubator almost constantly. Weighing only two pounds at birth last Nov. ll, the baby now weighs nearly five pounds.
interruption The one break in its occupancy of the machine came this week. A baby bom Thursday night, about two months prematurely, took its place for a short time. There is only one incubator at the hospital and th# emergency necessitated
I the change.
Despite the extra care, the baby bom Thursday died the next day. Hospital attendants said it was no fault of the incubator, however.
The baby incubator is * boxlike machine of metal about three feet high. It is three feet long and about 18 inches wide. In the top is a crib for the baby. Beneath the crib are the heating elements and a pan of water that gives the humidity required. A thermostat keeps the temperature at the required degree and windows on the side and top permit attendants to view the child.
GIFT 4 YEARS AGO The Incubator was given the hospital four years ago by Mrs. W. J. Behrens and Mrs. C. W. Cowden. It has been in almost constant use tinea then, according to E M. Col
An average of six premature ba-1 hies per year has been raised in It. j Still more infants could have been given a better start in life if anoth- , er machine had been available for ' use. Hospital authorities deciare at least one more should be installed as soon as possible. Prices of the machines vary from $225 to $425.
Since appearance of the article in the Reporter-News, two contributions toward purchasing of another incubator have been made. Dr. N. A. Moore donated $1 as did another person who preferred to sign his letter “A Little Earlier Friend.”
Anyone wishing to contribute to buying another machine can send their donations to the Reporter-News and they will be turned over to the hospital
Merchant Marine Discipline Lacking Says Shipmaster
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15 — CZP)— An American shipmaster, who said he was “liable to have a bullet in my back” if his name got out, told senate committees in testimony made public today disciple had broken down completely in the American merchant marine.
His charges were made before the senate commerce and labor committees.
The shipmaster, whose name was kept secret, saki “our ship* are infested with thugs, thieves, gamblers, drunkards, and racketeers of all descriptions ”
He said these constituted one of three types of seamen.
“The second type is the man whose only aim is to cheat the ship out of an honest day’s work, whether it be for his safet. or not —constantly complaining and demanding overtime pay for almost anything he does,” the witness continued.
“The third type is the old type of seamen, be he a sailor, steward. or fireman. It is this pitifully small group which keeps our ships running in any semblance of order at all.”
He suggested putting “the entire merchant marine under a division of the coast guard, with enlistment, retirement and other benefits * would “insure discipline necessary to the safety of passengers at sea.’*