Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 12, 1954, Abilene, Texas
®be Abilene í^eporter-BttüESí MORNING
VOL. LXXIII, No. 210
'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKEfCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" — Byron
ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNINGrJANi^^ 1954—SIXTEEN PAGES IN TOO^CT^
Asaociated Pma» (AP)
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOe
By NORMAN WALKER
WASHINGTON. Jan. 11 iP_Pre.*?-ident Eisenhower today proposed that the government give workers a secret-ballot chance to veto union strike plans. It was part of a 14-point program sent to Congress for amending the Taff-Hartlcy Labor Relations Act.
Eisenhower’s program brought praise from Republicans generally and criticism from union leaders and some Democrats,
The President’.s key proposal was that the government hold elections among workers to determine whether they approve of a walkout. Going out on strike with loss ol pay is so important to the individual worker, Eisenhower said, that he should have an opportunity to “express his choice by secret ballot held under goverament auspices.”
Eisenhower’s message to Congress did not specify at what point the strtke-approval poll should be held. However, actual legislation introduced in Congress by Chairman H, Alexander Smith (R-NJ) of the Senate Labor Committee to carry out the administration plan j called for polling by the National j Lat)or Relations Board iNLRB» only after, not before, a walkout began.
This pi-ovision of Smiih'.s bill seemed to surprise Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell. He told newsmen he had read Smith's bill earlier and hadn't understood that the striker poll was to be conducted after a strike was in progress.
Smith’s bill provides that “unless a majority of employes eligible to vote casts their ballots in favor of a continuance, such strike . . .
Flexible Farm Price Supports Asked by Ike
By OVID A. MARTIN •
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11 —
President Eisenhower propased today to build a new fami program on flexible price supports, aiming at a goal of agricultural equality with the rest of the economy and a minimum of controls.
In a lengthy special message to Congress outlining plans for future government aid t> farmers, the chief executive said prosent pix>-grams—by creating surpluses and pricing crops out of markets—arc “hurtful” to those whom they are intended to help.
Little New The Eisenhower program is the result of nearly a year’s study by farm organizations, agricultural . educators, and farm officials. It , shall cease to be a protected con-, dent’s proposals “sound, construe-1 offered little that was new' and it
BOW BUSTER—The Navy oiler, USS Passumpsic dips her bow into heavy .swells while refueling the carrier USS Yorktovvn in the Sea of Japan. The Yorktown is on maneuvers with Task Force 77. Fuel lines from the tanker are connected to the carrier beneath the overhanging flight deck at the top of the pi cture. (U.S. Navy Photo via AP Wirephoto)
Worst Snow in Years Smothers Northeast
At Least 33 Die
In Wintry Attack
Secret Vote Asked Before All Strikes
certed activity within the meaning of this act.”
Under .Smith’.s bill if a strike began in a plant with 5,000 employes, the NLRB would hold an election as promptly as possible. If a majority, or in this ca.se 2,501 of the employes, voted against the strike. It then would be illegaL The 2,501 approving majority would be required even though only 3.500 out of the 5.000 workers took the trouble to vote.
\Miere empio.ves refu.sed to supply the required majority, the strike thereafter presumably could be stopped by court injunction, since it would then be illegal.
*Sound Legislation* Eisenhower said the T-H Act had proved to be “sound legislation
tive and fair to all." ' proposed to keep much that ai-
CIO President vValter Reuther | ready is in operation.
said the administration plans re tained “the anti-labor character of the law.” He singled out the strike vote approval proposal as adding “to the anti-labor arsenal provided by the law.” Richard Gray, president of the AFL Building Trades Department, called Eisenhower’s proposals “meaningless”
Suggests New Steps
Besides proposing tnat workers must approve a strike m a govern-ment-sponsoied vote, the President suggested a new final step for handling national emergency strikes. He said employers should file non-Communist afadavits. These are now required only o' union leaders.
The new step proposed for han^
In Congress it got a somewhat mixed reception. Sen. Aiken (R-Vtt. chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee, said it “forms an excellent basis to work out the soundest farm program we ever had.”
But there is bound to be a fight over the program in the House, and Rep. Hope (R-Kan), chairman of the House Agricultural Committee. was noncommital for the time being.
The major change proposed by Eisenhower relates to government price guarantees for farm products. Where now they are set at a fixed high level by Congress, the President wouM give the secre-
dling national emergency strikes in the more than six years it has . is that the President could, if he i tary of agriculture discretionary
been in effect, but experience had | deemed it necessary, appoint ai authority to raise and lower them,
dictated the need for a number .special board to recommend settlement terms. This has long been
recommended by many labor relations experts.
Under present law a special in-
of changes Secretary Mitchell said he anticipated “objection.s fi-om both labor and management” on many of the Eisenhower nroposals. Secretary’ of Cofhmerce Weeks called the Presi-
Sec LABOR. Pg. 3-A. Col. 4
AT BRECK C-C BANQUET
Texans Face Tax Charges
D\LI~AS. Jan 11 f The government filed income tax cases today against seven West Texans. Each was accused of filing false and fraudulent returns for 1947.
The biggest case involved J. B Haire. l.itUeficUl farmer. The government .set I947’s gross income for Haire and his wife at $50.711. which called for a $21.255 tax. Halre’.s return for 1947 showed a gross income for the two of $1.293, with no tax due, the g o v e r n m e nt charged.
Frank Jermgan, Pampa farmer, paid a $543 tax on a reiKUted income of $3.674. Actually, the government say.s. Jemigaii should have paid a $8.496 on an income of $25.077.
The government accused E. L Caraway. Spur auto dealer, with evading $3,284 worth of 1947 taxes. The government «aid Caraway and hi.s wife paid $4.919 on a reported Income of $19,462 w'hen they should have paid $6.203 on $29,245.
Others charged Monday were!
W S. Whorton. Dallam County farmer, paid $105 on a retxirted $? 831. The government says he and lus wife should have paid $1,355 on $8.723.
Bruce Gentry Sr., Lubbock wheat farmer, paid $188 on a reported 194T income of $2.982. The goveni-ment says Mr. and Mrs. Gentry should have paid $5.386 on $23.027
H. A.‘Grisham. VVlchita Falls Implement dealer, paid $933 on reported 1947 Income of $7,365. He and his wife should have paid $4.-990 on $22,3M, the go\ernment contends.
W. C. Evans. Hale County farmer, filed a return which set 1947 Income for himself and his wffe at $112 with no tax due The gov-fkrnment »»>’• Evans and ha* wife had an income of $9.924, which called for a tax of $1.840,
Warrant.s have been issued for each of the seven hut none has been jailed.
Asst. C. i' 1^1*1 Warren
laigan said that each has pi'ontiseil to apiwar Ndore the federal grand jury here Monday.
Loss of Local Community Is Menace, Dr. While Says
By KATHARYN DUFF Reporter-New« State Editor BRECKENRIDGE. Jan. 11—'The melting away of local communities is one of the great menaces to .American life today. Dr. W. R. White, president of Ba>lor University. said in a Chamlser of Commerce address here Monday iiight.
S(>eaking on "The Glory ot the Local Community.” Dr. White I>omted out the trend m recent decades toward disapi>earance of local communities. He praised Breckenridge for the spirit which characterizes its .««plrit, shown in a turn out of 600 to the C-C ban
Cushion Fund As a cushk>n against an abupt decline in prices, the President would set aside up to 24 billkxn dollars worth of surplus agricultural products now held by the goveniment. Tliey w'ould be barred from regular commercial channels and rese%'ed for special uses such as disaster relief.
Eisenhower said price supports should be used in a dual capacity — ill to provide price and income protection to producers, and 12» to help guide production, thereby reducing the need for rigid acreage allotments af.d marketing quota control measures. The latter would be retained, however, for all basic crop.s except com.
Under the flexible system—embodied in farm acts of 1948 and 1949—price props for such crops
NEW^ YORK, Jan. 11 'i!^-A rag-ing .snowstorm, the worst in five years, buried the northeast today, and high winds piled up road-blocking, man-killing drifts, Ffeez-ing rain and sleet moved in behind.
Temperatures hit new lows for the winter—a blood-chilling 27 be-
Killing (old Forecast for Lower Valley
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Cold that packed a killing wal-It I lop for citrus trees and young vegetable plants was forecast for early Tuesday for the Rio Grande Valley.
Forecas te r John Hagan at Brownsville w-amed citrus growers a low of 25 was expected for an 8 to 12 hour period—the hardest freeze in the valley since 1949 and 1951, when three-fourths of the citrus trees were destroyed.
W.H. Friend of the Texas Extension Service at W'eslaco said three hours or more at 27 or below damages citrus trees.
WTiile the Valiey braced for the plant-killing cold, nearly all Texas was due to shiver in freezing temperatures for a third straight night.
Cold over the weekend * dropped temperatures to as low as 5 at Dalhart and caused eight deaths.
The Weather Bureau forecast a low of 15-25 In the Panhandle and South Plains; 18-26 for North and Central Texas; 20-30 in East Texas. 22-«> In South Cwitral and 28-34 along the Gulf Coa.st.
vi.sion, the ability to see beyond the drab; veracity, a good reputation and honesty m service; variety, or freshness; and veneration. a sense of values. ^ ,
“ rhe onlv way to see the real t cotton, wheat, com, rice, and value of things is to see them in ■ peanuts would vary between 75 and God’s light. ’ he said. ‘America ; 90 per cent of parity, depending on is still the greatest nation because the size of supplies !
our churches with all their short- j ‘Ptir Standard'
comings have grown more rapid-j parity is a standard for measur-j
Weak Cold Front Moves into Abilene
More freezing weather for the Abilene area was forecast as a weak cold front moved in from the Wichita Falls area .Monday night.
The low about sun-up Tuesday and Wednesday was expected to be 25 degrees, the LT. S. Weather Bureau at Municipal Airport said.
The mercury touched 19 degrees just prior to sun-up Monday.
The chief effect of the Monday night front was expected to be a delay in the warm-up of this area. The high Tuesday and Wednesday was expected to be 55.
low zero in Maine, for instance.
At least 33 persons died in the storm from New England to Pennsylvania. Many toppled with heart attacks as they bucked the snow afoot or tried to shovel it. Auto accident.s and sledding mi.shaps also took lives.
Freezing Rain The storm, the Weather Bureau said, will continue into tomorrow. Snow' up to a foot or more was in prospect in some areas. Others faced the hazard of icy rain frez-ing atop the snow blanket.
The great arterial highways that snake along the coast from New England south lay lonesome beneath a restless sea of drifting snow.
Airlines fought a stubborn but losing battle against the storm as their planes were delayed or grounded.
Schools closed tight in many areas.
At Farmingdale and Port W.ish-ington, N. Y.. Republic Aviation Corp. shut down, affecting 29,000 employes. General Motors Corp. shut its Linden, N, J., plant when few' of the 2,000 employes showed up.
Telephone systems along the coast bowed under record burdens, as housewives and school children, marooned in their homes, turned to phones for shopping and gossip. Eleven million calls were anticipated In New Jersey alone—half a million above the previou.s record.
PhUadelphia was hardest hit of the major cities with some 10 in-che.s of snow'—heaviest in seven years. All city schools closed and many offices and factories limped along with skeleton work forces.
New York took on a strange small - town look as the storm dumped 8.8 inches on the city in the first 24 hours—the worst since the 15-inch fall of 1949. Then rain and sleet punched the city anew.
Sections of the broad Pennsylvania Turnpike leading to the west were as .slippery as a skating rink.
A link in the Garden State Park-way in southern New Jersey was to be opened today. But the ceremony was put off indefinitely because of the storm
In the nation’s capital. Washington police evoked an emergency embargo and fined motorists who ventured out without chains or snow tires and then stalled.
Snow’ fell as far south as Georgia. Freezing rain extended into portk)ns of North Carolina.
This New Yorker marching
NEW YORKER IN SNOW
along with his head in a plastic sack is trying to keep his ears warm and dry as a driving snow storm hit the East. Near blizzard conditions were expected to pile more than 15 inches of snow on the New York area. (AP WirephotoJ
Board Names Heads Of 2 Study Groups
Paul F. McCarty, 817 Rivercrest site of the joint meeting will b« Dr.. and Sam S. Hill. 725 EN 14th announced later.
St., were chosen by the .Ablienc Other action taken by the board Board of Education Monday night was;
as chairman of the two study 1, Hiring Donald McDonald as groups which will work with the new Curriculum Director at a tne school board on the sub- < salary of $7,000 per year, jects of RejKirting to Parents i 2. Passed over until the next and Future Growth and Develop- meeting a change of order amount-ment of .\bilene Public Schools. ing to $337.53 on the new high McCarty was named head of the school building. . . c *
Reporting to Parents Committee 3 Heard a letter read by Supt.
chairman and four school person-
^ _ ... The school per.sonneI will be
Rain or showers extended farther I up of one elementary teach
Wells from the Texas \ssociation of School Board stating th^t Jan. 31 is the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the Texas Public School System.
4 Heard a number of letters teachers thanking the School ,'5 .Board for the Chrlrtmas cards the
while Hill will be chairmen of the Project Growth Committee.
Members of the committee will be announced within the next few’ days.
Each committee will be com-
ly than our population. Churches are the light of a community."
D. T. Bowles, retiring president, wa.s master ot ceremonies at the dinner which was held in the ; .American l.z'gion Hall George R.
ing farm prices, declared by law to be fair to the farmer in relation to basic prices he pays.
The flexible system has not been i allowed to operate because of congressional action extending war
quet, spirit demousU’ated by its j joi-dan, manager of the C-C. in- born, mandatory. 90 per cent of
football teams; and spirit «¡hown in its schools, churches and business life. He described this as an “interesting community “The future of the world depends on what hapj>ens in the United States, and the future of the United States depends on what happens in local communities.” he said. "Keep your communities attractive enough to keep your young people in them. Prevent their going to cltie.s which are already over-crowded.”
The C-C makes an inestimable contribution toward keeping communities interesting and attractive, he said. The educator-mimster gave this proscription for keeping the local commtiniLv alive. Vital
troduced vi.sitors. J. D. Sandefcr, Jr.. Breckenridge oil man. introduced C. .M. Caldwell of AbUene, who made the formal introduction of Dr. M’hite Lester Clark heads the list of
j>arity supports for the major crops though 1954.
Under the flexible system, price guarantees would be high when supplies were nornvil or short, to
incoming officers. New v;ce presi- ¡ maintain or encourage greater
dents are Jinume Ferrel and Mort Kvvmg. S, F. Bowcr.s is secretary-treasurer.
Two s|>ecial award.s were presented, one to J. L, Brewster for ULyears service as chairman of the C-C.S finance committee, and one to Bowles, for his work as president.
Guests from Abilene included Guy Caldwell. John A. Wright. Mr. and Mrs. Leroy White, Ralph E.
Ity. the spirit to build a town; I Duncan and Fred Husbands.
production and lower in times of surpluses to encxnirage consumption and to discourage over-production.
But the “key element" of the administration's new program, the Pivsident said, would be a “gradual adUistmeid” to new conditions. In other words, he said, then' would be iv» abrupt reductions in price guarantees. H i t “freeze” proposal is part of this plan.
New Director ol (urriculuni Named lor Abilene Schools
Donald McDonald, as.sistant pro^ssor of education at Texa-
Red Note Asks Resumption OFTolkson Korean Parley
By WILLIAM C. BARNARD
I’ANMUNJOM, Tuesday. Jan. 11 i.f' Commumsts ye.sterday
hvrmally asked foe lesumptioii of talks to set up a Koroaii peace cxMrference their first official move here s i nee negr>tiatnms broke up IVc 12
The brief note was handed over in Panmunjom to a U S State Department repre.s?*ntaUve who relayed It to Washington and said he wa.v awaiting ir.xtmictions.
The Reiis* actum came amidst a swift series of developments, including a bul by India to ivco»*; vene the U.N. Gem ral Assembly over the Koroan que.sUtm.
The Reds' note was handed to the U. S. State Department ropre-sentatlve. Kenneth Young, under unusual clicumstaiu’e.s Young had not been advlstnl to expect such a message hut weivt to tha area itrlctly on a "hun^Ji.”
“I ha\e sent the request on to Washington and am waiting official roactiim.” he Mud * Any decision will have to come through the State Department."
The request from the Chinese ami North Korean negotiators nude no roferonce to their charge of pcriuiy again.si the U S government which figurtHi in the Dec. 12 breakup of the talks.
U, S Envoy Artl.ur H. liean callt d the charge lui insult, w alked out and said he would not be back uidil -ftte charge was withdrawn. Then he left 5\umg. hi.s aide. In?-hind just in case
peace conference couUi he set up In lime to pass on the fate of 22.-000 Clvinese and North Korean prisxmers before Jan. 23. That i.s the date wi which the .Allies iusht that the prisoners. Ih>w held in an aiUi-Hed camp. nui.st he allow>ed to go froe to Siwith Koroa and Formosa. The Reds want the prl.son-ers held until a v»eace conference i deals with them.
There were other developments related to the Korean crtsLs
India y e s t e r d a y formally called for the U N General .\s-scmblv to meet Feb. 8 and 9 <m the Korean que.stkni but an In-
Secrecy Cloaks Atomic Talks
W.\SHlXGTt>N. Jan. 11 >#—The United States and Rus.sia today launched “private-as-can-be” talks on how to go almut discussing President Eisenhower’s plan to put atomic iKJwer to work for peace.
Secretary of State Dulles received Soviet .Ambassador Georgi M. Zarubin at his oifice this morning. They talkml, through an inter-pretor, for half an hour. But what they said or what written Tech. was hired Monday night by memos they exchanged, if any. was the .\bilene Board of Education as their .secret. director of curriculum and instruc-
This was in accord with the Pres- j tion for the Abilene Public Schools, ident s Dec 8 proposal and w ith , He will receive $7.000 y early sal-a^ Nov. 18 resolution of the United j ary.
-Nations General .Assembly, stress-' He replaces Myron Cunningham ing privacy. who rosignetl the position this past
Both sides, while evincing mu-; summer to accept a job as asso-tual cordiality not always evident ciate professor of education at the in Ka.st-W’est talks, were ket'ping University of Florida, their own counsel as far as the i Prior to becoming a member of public Is concerned. It resembles the faculty at Texas Tech, Mc-a two-handed poker game, played j Donald was principal of an ele-close to the chest ,■ mentary school in Denison from
The Russian Embassy said it had j 1942-43, principal of an elementary no statement at this time,” and * school in Beeville from 1943-48.
15N8 he went to Texts Tech The State liepartment issued a »s an assistant professor of edu-statenient saying simply that the , cation.
Dulles Zarubin talks had been held and would be held again .«oon. '
board sent each teacher in .Abilene school system.
southward through the Soutli At-' an elementary principal, a see- ^
lantic states. widary teacher and a secondary *"“ lu ........
Light snow’ flurries also fell ( PUncipal.
through the nortliem Plains States j Superintendent A. E. Webs and ^¿ation
and the Great l^kes region The one member of the Board of Edu---
cation w'lU act as ex-officio »non-voting* members on each of the committees.
.At the suggestion of Supt Wells
6. Received handbooks published bv the Texas School Board Asso-
only other procipitation reported was rain in coastal California.
Cold air also covered the north central portion of the country’. Be
low’ zero readings were reported the two groups w ill meet with the at mid-day in Minnesota. Zero or school board on Monday night Jan. belovv was predicted for Monday 25 in a dinner meeting in one of night as far south as Illinois. * the school cafeterias. The exact
GOP to Control All Senate Panels
He was granted a leave of ab-
miMO i Tech during the wm-
i»ne dep.-iitmcnt spokeMuan, asked , terms of 195A.\1 and 1951-5'» so if the secrecy rule will continue. said the conversations will be “.xs . . he might
Drixate as ran Iw “ .w<»rk toward his
Eisenhower suggested the talks Kducaliuu degic .
1.. ... ..Id,-e» 1» the Vnltfd N.- *"• »■" «mpWe ,h.s
tiou.s on Dec. 8 He said they should *I'*ing
There have been hii.ts since th.st diaii government s|wikesman said the United States might not lii.sist! this was not intended to delay ns-mi a formal aimlogy if the Red.sj lease of the prl.soner« lieyoiui Uie
U.N. officials in New York made plans to iwll members immedi-itely on wh^liei to recoaveoe.
tcok the initiative in re.sunUng the talks and shooed wiUingness to negotiate.
There was little chance thi^ a
lie urivate talks into which the United .States would carry a “new conception."
tICTION A W«m«n» Naws F«ta 6
SECTION B Editaríais ... 2
Oil Naws J
Earm and Markats 7
Radia-TV Lag ........... •
, . . raplaces Myron Cunningham
and Curricalum Devciopmeui a MclKmald. 37, was bom in Pilot membs'i* of the Texa> State Teach-Pomt where he graduatinl from ers .As.sociation. and a member high schiwl in 1936. He received of the Methodist Church
his bachelor of scieiwe degree in This past year he served as
the field of evlucation from North treasurer on the Hoard ot the Texas State College at Denton in Camp Fire Girl.* in Lubh*Kk ami 1940 also was a member of the Board
111 1944 he finished his master of District 11 o the rexas Par-of science degre«' at North Texa.s eut-Teachers .Association, and during the summers of 1945 Whil*» at the University at Texas
and 1946. attended George Pea- he .served as coordinator for the
fir.st two years of a three year statewulo study of home-school co-
hoily V ollege for Teavbers in Nash ville, Tenn
WASHINGTON. Jan. 11 '.f^Re-publiean and Democratic leaders ] today agreed on a formula whereby the tiOP would control all ma-J jor Senate committees in the 1£54 ‘ session.
The plan approved by Sen. Knowland of California, the Repub-' lican leader, and Sen. Uvndon B.
Johnson of TTexas, the Democratic ; leader, give.s the Republicans an ' extra four 'bonus” seats on committees for the 1954 session.
These seats are posts which Senators can hold as a third committee a.S'Ugnmenl. L'nder present ! rules, the majority part is abowed 14 such bonus” places, the minority three Each Senator automatically gets two committee places.
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MclAonald is marriiHl and has ' operation. sii6ri«orod jomtiv by the
three chiktron. He is of the Kiwanis Hub. of tha Board of Directors of the Texai Association for Supervision
a member 1 Texas Congress a member
of Parents and
Uki !•«( «4 and as
Teacher* and the Texas Associa- ^. tion for Supervision and Curiicu- «*ÎÏÏTii^ *. ¡Í
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