Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 11, 1938, Abilene, Texas
FROM 28,000 TO 34,000 IN 18 MONTHS—
Abilene’s New Directories Indicate Record Growth In PoDulation
Abilene's new 1937-38 city directories, being distributed today, are the basis for a potation estimate of 34,000 here.
This compares with the 28,000 estimate of the 1936-37 directory, published in June, 1936. The population increase over an 18-months period is 6,000, probably the largest for any similar period in the recent history of the city.
Also basis for comparison is the 1930 federal population census, listing Abilene at 23,175. The new estimate shows Abilene making a seven-year increase of approximate 11,000 persons. The increase from 1930 to 1936 was approximately 5,000.
The new directory lists 17,912 Abilene names. This rep
resents a gain of 1,456 over last year’s edition, the ll _ edition of the past, according to the publisher’s records. The population estimate is made on the basis of the number of names listed, public school rolls, and proportionate pre-school population.
Comparable increases were registered in all other departments of the directory. Abilene now has 293 different kinds of enterprises. This is a gain of six groups over 1936. Increases of listings boosted the directory fifty-three pages over its immediate predecessor.
Features of the directory are rosters of government officials, a directory of Texas postoffice!, the designation
of owner-occupied homes, and a descriptive story of the city.
Turning through the new volume:
The first page is, of course, the name plate. This gives the town, date, name of publisher, and similar information. Immediately following this is a section of the copyright law, symbol of publishers’ association and publishers note. Then comes the general index.
On the page is the index to advertisers. Following this, is a two page introduction by the publishers with instructions for use of the volume. The statistical review is prefaced by the title, Abilene “The ‘Howdy, Neighbor’ eitv”
(courtesy Abilene chamber of commerce) A mass of miscellaneous information pertaining to Texas as a whole closes the first section of the book and the directory proper begins.
Sections of the directory proper are: alphabetical list of names of persons and firms, street index, advertising section, and classified business directory.
Ace ’ is high in Abilene this time. Ace Abbott, student at McMurrv college, is the first personal name in the directory. Leila M. Zorns is last. There is still only one Gent listed. Other surnames noted are Gay, Merry,*Happier, Laughter and Goodnight.
John F. Worley Directory company of Dallas are publishers of the volume.
yJjc Sibtlnie Reporter-foetus■WI I HOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKI,TCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES/'-By
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AsMcuud Pr... [APj ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING,[JANUARY 11, 1938—TEN PAGES
United Froes (UP)
Byrnes Leads Lynching Filibuster, In Fifth Day
Barkley Silent On Outcome Of Battle In Senate
House Near Vote On Independent Office Mea sure
WASHINGTON, Jan. ll— (AP)—Senator Byrnes (D-SC), continuing the steady attack from the south on the antilynching bill, charged in the senate today it would “arouse ill feeling between sections.** REACH FARM ACCORD
The filibuster against the bill, going into its fifth day, drew from Senator Barkley of Kentucky, the democratic leader, a reiteration of his intention to hold later senate sessions until there is action on the measure. The leader added, however. he had not decided definitely whether to hold night meetings.
Byrnes, taking the floor when the senate convened, asserted there "has been a steady decline in lynching /or iv years."
"Out of 130,000.000 people in this country," he continued, "only eight were lynched during 1937.’*
A Joint congressional committee, meanwhile, reported agreement on wheat provisions of the "ever-nor-mal granary” program.
Senator Pope tD-Idaho), a committee member, said the wheat agreement was "a direct compromise” between the separate bills passed by the house and senate.
Under it the program will aim at keeping wheat supplies equal to average annual domestic consumption and exports for the past IO
See CONGRESS, Pf. 9. Cot 4
NATION'S CHIEFS HONOR JACKSON
President Roosevelt and Vice President Gamer exchanged greetings in this fashion as they met at the capital's Jackson
Day dinner where the president made the keynote address, heard by radio at many such dinners over the nation.
Minter'! Buyers To N. Y. For Month
Will D. Minter and Miss Myrtle Adams left today for New York City, where they will devote their time for a month to the selection and purchase of spring merchandise for Minter Dry Goods Co.
They planned to make one of the most painstaking surveys of the market in all lines of merchandise that Minter s buyers have conducted in the long history of the store.
What Is Your NEWS I. Q.?
By AP Feature Service
Each question counts 20; each part of a two-part question, IO. A score of 60 is fair; 80 good. Answers on page 9, column I.
1. This grandson of the exkaiser recently became engaged. Who is he? Who is his fiancee?
2. Did Canada’s supreme court call the "stork derby" legal or Illegal?
8. Has Teruel been an important Spanish war objective because (a) it has rich gold mines, (b) it threatened Madrid’s outlet to the sea, (c) or because it was the insurgents* temporary capital?
4. What country has Just been connected with the U. 8. by a new American airway?
5. Does President Roosevelt expect the budget to be balanced in the next fiscal year?
Wallace Cites Relief Jump
Senate Probers Ask Auto Chiefs For Labor Report
WASHINGTON, Jan. ll. (JPh- I Secretary Wallace told a senate j committee today that demands for , rural relief were increasing steadily and that neither local nor federal agencies "have the means to cope” with the situation.
Testifying at the unemployment inquiry he blamed the industrial recession, falling farm prices, increased mechanization of agriculture and drouth for the critical condition which he said demanded expansion of rural relief. Farm income, he said would fall this year five to ten per cent below 1937.
The relief need is greatest, he said, in the great plains region, which has suffered from drouths since 1934.
Without making recommendations for solution of the problem, Wallace s^d:
"At this date it is impossible to
See RELIEF, Pf. 9, Col. 4
Former Dados 'Hot Dog' Mayor Dead
DALLAS, Jan. ll. (AV-J. Waddy Tate, once colorful "blue shirt” and “hot dog” mayor of Dallas, died in a hospital here today at the age of 66.
The picturesque character, who. after his election as Dallas' chief executive in 1929, threw open the doors on his "inaugural” bail at IO cents a head, succumbed after a brief illness.
He was the champion of the working man and earned his "hot dog” title by passing out weiners end buns at all his campaign rallies.
EDR Summons Business Heads
Five Leaders To Confer At White-House On Slump
WASHINGTON, Jan. ll.—(AV-President Roosevelt tsked five industrial chieftains to confer with him at the White House late today on the business recession.
Those invited for a five o’clock conference in the president's study were:
Alfred P. Sloan, chairman of the board of General Motors Corporation; Ernest P. Weir, chairman of the board of the National Steel Corporation; Lewis Brown, president of Johns-ManvUJe; M. W. Clement, president of the Pennsylvania railroad, and Colby Chester, head of the General Foods Corporation.
White House officials said the meeting, largest of its kind since the president, in his message to congress, urged the cooperation of business, agriculture and labor in combating the slump, would discuss the economic situation generally and how to improve it.
During the morning, Aubrey Williams. acting Works Pregross administrator and the president’s first caller of the day, reported between 250,000 and 300-000 persons had been added to WPA rolls since December I. The total on the rolls, he said was 1,760,000.
He added experience shows the “big pressure” on relief rolls usually comes about eight or nine weeks after people lose their Jobs.
Hence, the WPA anticipated a peak demand for help about February.
Roosevelt, Utility Leaders Confer
WASHINGTON, Jan. ll.—(UP)_
President Roosevelt and western private utility operators today discussed elimination of duplicating utility facilities and creation of ln-
See BUSINESS, Pf. 9, Col. 5
Abilene, Area Banks Select 1938 Officials I
Rename Directors For F&M; Citizens Session Underway
The second Tuesday in January is bank election day.
Stockholders in scores of institutions throughout this section r/»re in .session this afternoon to elect the 1938 directors. In many inswd^wco, election of bank officers by the directorates was to follow.
A few institutions held morning sessions.
Notable among these was the meeting of stockholders of the Abilene Farmers and Merchants National bank. Unanimous selection of the 1937 directors to serve again this year was made. They are H. O. Wooten, C. W. Bacon, S. M. Jay, George 8. Anderson and Henry James. F&M officers will be named by directors later in the month, said Fleming James, cashier.
NO CHANGES EXPECTED
At 2 o’clock this afternoon, stockholders of Citizens National bank of Abilene were in session. No changes, said officials, were expected. The directors are J. M. Wag-staff, W. J. Fulwller, C. M. Caldwell, O. E. Radford. W. O. Swenson, W. J. Behrens, D. T. Laughter, Homer H. Scott, Malcolm M. Meek.
Immediately after the stockholders session, directors were to name the 1938 officers. Here again no change was expected. The officials are Meek, president; W. G. Swenson. vice-president; Homer H. Scott, cashier; M. F. Wilson, assistant cashier; E. E. HoLlingshead. assistant cahier.
Also meeting this afternoon throughout the area were the National Farm Loan associations. The Abilene session opened at 2 o’clock at the county courtroom of the Taylor county courthouse. V. B. Caro the rs is the secretary.
Reports were to be made on 1937 activities. Stockholders were attending and were to name 1938 officials.
Colorado Bank's President Resigns
COLORADO. Jan. ll.—(Bpi.) — Resignation of T. W. Stoneroad Jr., president of the City Nation-
See BANKS, Pg. 9, Col 4
IN IMPERIAL CONFERENCE-
Japs Debate War Policy
Cold Blast Forecast Tonight—
JANUARY PLANS COMEBACK AS WINTER MONTH
AfUr a lapse of eleven days, January has decided to sssert itself av a winter month.
Frigid weather is the official farer ut far the Abilene area tonight; even colder weather is predicted for Wednesday night. By actual figures. January is the coldest month of the year, but by comparison the opening of 1938 has failed to keep up the record.
Od only <me day since the New Yeat made its debut has freezing temperatures been recorded hereon Jan. 7. and then the minimum waa only 31.
This year's opening hss been in marked contrast with the beginning of 1937, where early days brought mercury reading as low as
13 degrees, and such wintry accompaniments as snow and sleet. Here are the minimum tempera-
low temperatures tonight and Wednesday still is a matter of forecast.
This is what the prediction states: "Cloudy and colder, freezing temperatures tonight; Wednesday, cloudy and colder, much colder Wednesday night."
Ifs a matter of official record that on Jan. 8. 1937, there was glassy sleet on the ground in Abilene. There had been snow the day before; more snow fell on the eighth, more on the ninth, and for the next two days there were snow flurries. To make the month s winter record more complete, there was an inch of sleet here on last Jan. 22.
Here’s proof that January is the official winter month here: W. H.
See WEATHER, Pg. 9, Col. S
WTCC Opposes Farm Bill Dairy Proposal
Letters Sent To Lawgivers
letters asking that the dairy amendment to the pending farm legislation be defeated were being sent to West Texas senators and representatives today. The movement was being sponsored by the agriculture committee of the West Texas chamber of commerce.
According to Clifford B. Jones, chairman of the committee, the proposed legislation would "interfere with the feed crop of West Texas and be very injurious to our diversification program.”
Under the provisions of the amendment, benefit payments the farm bill would be denied to any person who raises feed on land retired from cotton production.
The farm measure failed to pass at the special session and will come before both house and senate again this session. It is here that West Texans hope, to delete the amendment. It was sponsored oy Senator McNary of Oregon and Representative Boneau of Wisconsin.
Appeal Is Made For Milk Funds
$1,875 Needed < Fbr Remainder Of School Year
For two months a comparatively few Abilenians have been giving enough money to provide good old nourishing sweet milk to a number of under-nourished children attending the public schools.
Their generos/y already has borne fine results. Teachers throughout the city cite children whose whole attitude toward school, and whoa* actual grades reflect improvement in their physical condition becauw of the milk they have been getting But, the sad side of the situation is this;
The money received by the PT A Milk Fend has not been enough la provide for half of the children who are actually ander-nourished a serious extent.
This is an appeal to all to make gifts to this fund.
Donations should be sent to Mrs. Edith C. 8mith, student councillor, at Abilene high school, who is secretary - treasurer.
Hoer much money la needed?
Approximately 11,875 for the renaJMtaf Avo months of the school term. This would provide enough milk each day for a little mort than 200 children known to bo under-nourished. The creameries sell the milk for this purpose at 104 cents
Beginners' Luck? Abilenian Gets Oil Well On First Try
Beginners* luck for an Abilenian,
Od is Holily, apparently has opened a new oil pool for Brown county, about ten miles south of Cross
Cement plugs were being drilled this morning on his No. I O. B. Gaines, southwest of the Cross Cut pool, after it had shown for an estimated IOO barrels per dav of 43 gravity oil on bailing guage.
Sand, topped at 1,302 was drilled two feet when the hole began filling last weekend. The test bailed 40 barrels in ten hours with approximately 15 feet of cavings in the hole.
Six-inch casing was cemented at 1.302 to shut off water from I a shallow sand. Production in the Cross Cut pool had been found at about 1.620 feet.
The ‘e^t is located near the center of the north quarter of the j W. L. Swain survey No. 145. Owners Hailly, C. J. Thomas and O. W. Gray of Cisco, bolo 290 acres J surrounding the wildcat. Gray was 1 the geologist.
The test is Hailly’s first venture in the producing end of the oil I business. He has been in the wholesale gasoline business in Abilene 36 years.
FUND. Pg. 9, CM. I
Roosevelt Host To Justices Tonight
WASHINGTON. Jan. I WAV-President Roosevelt will greet supreme court justices and their wives tonight at his annual reception for the judiciary'.
Justice Cardoso, ill of heart di-. ,, _ _ . | sease, will not be able to attend.
W ACO,^an ll—up —Eben Joseph The other justices did not indi-last eight cate in advance whether they would be present.
gp&ithall, ii, for the Jr.ws night editor of the Waco Hews Tribune and Times Herald. died here yesterday.
Walthall, a native of Mobile, Ala„ was the son of W. T. Walthill. Who was a member of the staff 0j | of President Jefferson Davis of the confederacy, and co-founder of the Mobile Register.
Japs Ready For Next Operation'
Sino Warfronts Quiet As Toyko Parley Convenes
SHANGHAI. Jan. ll— un-The Japanese army spokesman announced enigmatically today that Japanese forces were "prepared for the next operation if necessary.”
Be gave no hint of the objective of tile “nex operation" or of the conditions implied by "if necessary."
(The spokesman’s statement was made while an Imperial conference met with Emperor Hirohito at Tokyo to decide Japans future policy In China.)
China warfronts, the spokesman said, were quiet. Japanese planes rained bomb* or the Hankow airfield and three newly discovered Chinese airfields in the Interior. Japanese forces in Shantung province pushed westward from Tsing-tao, which they occupied without resistance yesterday, and southward toward the Lung ha I railway in • drive t/ trap thousands of Chinese troops.
(On China’s southern coast, a Japanese cruiser and destroyer exchanged shells with Chinese Boca Tigris forts guarding the river ap-
See WAR, Pg. 9, Cal «
War Office Bill Seeks Changes In Conscription
Japan Believed At Cross-Roads In Orient Clash
TOKYO, Jan. ll—<UP)--Japan’s leaden met today in a solemn imperial conference, fifth of its hind in the country’* modern history, to decide on a long range program of action in China.
National interest centered on the conference In the belief that decisions of paramount importance to Japan, China and the Far East impended.
Emperor Hirohito, generalissimo of the armies, presided. Cabinet ministers, highest officers of the army and navy, and civilian personages attended the conference.
The imperial conference, the fifth held in Japanese history, lasted one hour. Its conclusions vers guarded with utmost secrecy. Speculation covered a wide field including the following:
1. That severance of diplomatic relations with China had been considered.
2. That a formal declaration of war had been discussed, coincident with a drive to Isolate the Canton life line to Hankow.
3. That the declaration of a kingdom in North China was imminent.
4. That "final” peace terms had been discussed.
Even before the conference ended, the war office announced that a bill to revise the conscription law would be submitted to parliament. It was believed that tho bill would provide for inclusion of additional men in two-year train-
See JAPAN, Pg. 9, Col. S
Dunn Funeral Is Held In Ballinger
BALLINGER, Jan. ll.—Funeral for Mrs. E. V. Dunn. 86 who died last week at Fort retook ton, was held today at IO a. rn from the King Holt Funeral home. Burial was In the Evergreen cemetery-.
Four daughters, four sons, 27 grandchildren and 25 great-grandchildren survive. Mr. Dunn died in 1910.
UTILITY, CHAMBER LEADER—
L. B. Denning Of Dallas To Give Addr ess For Stamfords C Of C
HILL APPOINTED TO POST—
Alabama Senator Drops Title for Just Plain 'Mrs.'
STAMFORD. Jan. ll.—(Bpi.)—L. B. Denning, president of the Lone Star Gas Corporation and presi-. J* ***** Cloudr; much colder dent of the Dallas chamber of com-
WMwso^mnS *£*1 *23X2* Xoni*M mevce, Will be principal speaker for “ * cloudy, nroh.b v r. n in I the annual banquet of the Stamford
chamber of commerce Friday eve-
?£££ 722* tonight: Wednesday
*K>r,lon t°"Urht W ed n eat ay ids IS -ach co.dsr
■ yesterdsv .52
Bj^jSjjSpraturs this morning ..si
By 8IGRID ARNE
WASHINGTON, Jan. ll.— —Dixie Bibb Graves of Alabama Is dropping her title of "senator” for one she likes much better: Just plain “Mrs.”
She resigned from the senate late yesterday to make way for Lister Hill, appointed to the post after he won the democratic nomination.
Mrs. Graves said she wouldn't “have missed the experience for Anything” but ehe’s glad to be
going back "to the best state in the union,” where she’s known to everyone as "Miss Dixie.”
Her husband, Gov. Bibb Graves, appelnted her senator in August when Hugo L. Black went to the supreme court. The understanding was that she would hold the seat until Alabama democrats could nominate a regular successor.
Hill’s election Virtually keeps the seat "in the family," for he was the "baby next door” when Mrs. Graves waa growing into
her teens just outside Montgomery, Ala.
Mrs. Graves retires with a bouquet for her fellow senators, one Job incomplete, one bridge for Alabama approved, and (me speech marked up to the credit of the women in congress.
Her bouquet: "Of course, I expected courtesy from a select group like the senate, but I was unprepared for the helpful friendliness of republicans and democrats alike.”
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ning, L. W. Johnson, program chairman, announced. Mr. Denning accepted the invitation while receiving hospital treatment in Dallas but he was confident he would make the trip.
R. E. Sheppard, former mayor of Wichita Falls, now connected with the federal housing administration, Dallas, will sing several numbers during the evening. The report of Dr. A. D. McReynolds, president, ‘5 J and Mrs. Steve Bennett, secretary *8 of the local chamber, and new offish cera and four new direction will be 32 announced during the business sca
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*7:<1 Chamber of commerce executives from Abilene, Albany, Haskell,
See STAMFORD, Pg. 9, Col. 3
See Application Of Neutrality Law On War Declaration
WASHINGTON. Jan. ll. MWIf Japan formally declares war on China, state department officials said today, it would be difficult for President Roosevelt to refrain from invoking embargo provisions of the American neutrality act.
The act bans shipments of war supplies to both belligerents whenever the president decides a state of war exists. Some observers contended its invocation would aid Japan, which has greater facilities than China for making munitions.
Officials studying the Far Eastern situation said they were encouraged by house refusal to consider the Ludlow war referendum proposal, which President Roosevelt had declared "would cripple any president in his conduct of four foreign relations.”
House leaders said the 209 to 188 vote had strengthened the administration’s foreign policy and at the same time augured well for any new naval construction which the president might recommend.
Anson PO Receipts Gain 25 Percent
ANSON Jan. ll. (Spl)—A twenty-five percent gain in postal receipts was made here last year as compared with 1938. Gain in receipts was over $2,500. Bank deposits are also far in advance of 1936 The repart of Dec. 31, 1987 showed deposits Of $772,243.78 as compared with $500,549.19 in 1938 at the same date.
Recording of chattel mortgages, long considered a good indication of business conditions, ha* bean greater this year than for the past nine years, including IMS when they reached a total cf 8,651. This past year there were 7,804 recorded.