Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 8, 1944, Abilene, Texas
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VOL. LXIII, NO. 205
A TEXAS 2mU> NEWSPAPER
WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKE I CII TOI R WORLD EX VC /'LY AS IT GOES
ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 8, 1944 • EIGHT PAGES
Associated. Prc%* (AP)
United Pres* (UP.)
PRICE FIVE CENTSStock Loss Heavy in Blizzard
Through German Lines
MOSCOW. Jan. 8—(AP) — Troops of the First and Second Ukrainian armies poured through great gaps in the German lines in swift advances todav and units which Mad surrounded Kirovograd smashed to within three miles the city in one place in the Dnieper bend country, as the Red army's winter offensive
continued on the up-surge.
Advance units of the force which captured Klesow, at the ^northern tip of the great drive, were plunging deeper into ftovno province (eastern part of old Poland and reached a point within 12 miles of Sarny.
'Varther south from encircled Kirovograd, stronghold for the German forces in the Dnieper bend, some
ALLIES REPORTED LANDING IN YUGOSLAVIA — An unconfirmed report from Stockholm said that Allied specialist troops (flags and poointers) had landed on the coast of
Yugoslavia. It followed a report that American and British
forces were concentrating at Bari, Italy, for a Balkan invasion. Inside Yugoslavia, Partisans (A) were reported to have withdrawn from Banja. Luka, a German base, and to be at-Soviet forces lunged forward to tacking Bosanska Gradiska. On the front in Italy (black
within 18 miles of Dolinovka, west- |ine) Allies continued to push toward Rome.
«-n railway junction which feeds
jfnvm TW * * . *
Troops of Gens. Nikolai F. Vatutin and Ivan Konev, which have j joined south of Kiev, meanwhile were within striking distance of Kanev, 64 miles southeast of the JiKrainian capital.
• The German high command said , in its Saturday communique that ••fierce fighting * is raging in Kiro- , vograd.
(The British Broadcasting Tcompany, in an announcement recorded by C BS, said Kirovograd's outer defenses already were under shell fire with substantial” Nazi forces cut off there.)
Front line dispatches said that
Nazi Invasion Fear Raised by Leaflets
LONDON, Jan. 8--(AP) • Britain's wooden Mosquito, bombers, raiding Germany for the seventh consecutive night, hit targets in the western Reich last night without loss in the wake of a strong American daylight attack which Swedish reports reports said gave the chemical city of Lud-wigshafen a “death blow."
Stockholm’s Morgon Tidningen declared the force of hundreds of Firing Fortresses and Liberators Which drove deep into southwest Germany yesterday bomber the I. G. Farben poison gas works at Lud-wigshafen and that the city ‘‘now looks completely flattened out.” Quoting private reports, the paper said blockbusters and incendiaries were dropped, setting great fires which turned the town into ‘‘a sea of fire.”
Stockholm reports also said the twin city of Mannheim was struck.
A joint British-American communique released today failed to identify the targets. Neither did the British designate where their Mosquitos hit last night.
One U. S. pilot described the daylight formations as “the largest number of American planes I have ever seen on one mission.”
In yesterday's large-scare American operation, 42 German fighters were shot down.
United States fighters, making a ’ round trio flight of some 800 miles, accompanied the Flying Fortresses j and Liberators to yesterday's targets in southwest Germany. American, FtAF. Canadian and Allied j fighters hovered along the return \ route to give additional protection. I
IF YOU THINK IT S PRETTY CHILLY AROUND HERE, how would you like to bo stand ing watch with the U. S. Coast Guard in a signal tower off the Maine coast? That s what Coast Guardsmen John H. Walker, left, of Moline, 111., and James A. Emery, of San Francisco, arc doing in the icy photo at left, above. At right. Guardsman Harry Miller of I hi-cago. with ice encrusting his hair, eyebrows and lashes, is pictured alter a tour of dut> on
cago the icy tower.
5th Stabs at Cassino Defenses
Tile communique said the bombers pressed home their attack through heavy clouds. Twelve bombers and seven fighters were lost.
Enemy opposition encountered in the operation generally was weak, although some bomber and fighter groups Txere Intercepted by numerous Nazi fighters.
Of the 42 enemy planes down, the
LONDON. Jan. 8—(UP)—Increasing signs of Nazi invasion jitters bombers accounted for 33 and the
were reported today as Swedish reports told of British bombers sop#- fighters nine.
tering leaflets over Germany warning that mobilization has been com- While the big American formation
pleteri for the final defeat of the Reich and hinting that the zero hour was penetrating into Germany, j whitehead, his dispatch from the
SAN VITTORE SEIZED IN BITTER 40-HOUR FIGHT
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al-. day In the headquarters communi-
WAR AI A GLANCE
giers, Jan. 8—(VP>—Victorious American troops massed around captured San Vittore today forming a spearhead which stormed at tho outer defenses of Cassino, 70 straight-line miles from Rome.
The fall of the fiercely-defended little mountain village of San Vittore alongside the Via Casilina was disclosed yesterday by the Associated Press Correspondent Don
for the opening of a second front was not far off
Tile existence of the warning leaflets was disclosed, a London Daily Mail dispatch from Stockholm said, when some of those dropped during
Rocket Plane to Spear Invasion
NEW YORK. Jan. 8 — tJ?) — Jet propelled aircraft, with terrific
the fate of the German garrison cut Hie heavy British raid on the Nazi off at Kirovograd was already de-.. Baltic port of Stettin Wednesday . cided. night accidentally landed in Sweden.
They said the Germans were now mobiUzatio„ against Ger-
batthng desperately to halt the •
"westward drive toward Nuvoukrain- manj is now finished the leaflets Mi. junction on the next to last es- were quoted as saying. “Germany for cape railway left open to large Ger- a time faces ruin. Shall the
man forces in the Smela ai ca be- , Germans escape the last minute between the Kirovograd and the Kiev r
offensives. Ifore midmeht? Time is short. The
In the Kiev offensive, the Soviet J hands of the clock move on cease-juthwestward drive in which new iessiy. The time is exactly quarter speed and proven efficiency at great
Soviet successes were reported west j lwelvc •• j altitudes, will be “a highly import-
and south of Berdichev and along . . • ant tactical weapon” against the
the Shepetovka railway was tight- : diQ Berlin in what appeared 1 Axis and may even be used in the
empg a noose about Vinnitsa from I t expected invasion of Europe from
three sides t0 1)6 an attempt to Persuade the the West. Major Alexander P. de
Gen Konev’s tanks were report- Allied command of the folly of at- Seversky predicted today.
‘ft in front line dispatches to be tempting to invade western Europe. Simultaneously with de Seversky s
creating panic along the rear of the asserted that 7.700 heavy guns had statement, the Army Air Forces dis-
Nazi Ukrainian forces, with Ger- been mounted along the Atlantic man communictions reported to coast from Narvik to the Pyrenees,
have bren reduced to congested in addition, the broadcasts said,
bottlenecks. more than 3000 heavy anti-tank
IiThe entire German position was, guns have been set up from Dcn-escribed as shaping up as one of i mark to southern France
more than 750 other Allied warplanes were delivering day-long attacks on the French invasion coast.
It was the 16th day of heavy attacks on this sector in the last 18.
the most disastrous in Hitler s Russian campaign.
J Nippon Troop Barges Blasted
The Berlin correspondent of a Madrid newspaper said the Germans were not excluding the possibility that the Allies have no intention of landing in northern Europe, but instead will ship 2,000.000 to 3,000.000 American soldiers to Russia for action on the eastern front.
British warships which sank the Scharnhorst last month, the newspaper said, were escorting the larg-^\DVANCED ALLIED HEAD-1 est convoy that ever plied the Arctic QUARTERS. New Guinea, Jan. 8— route t0 Russia. The convoy was i/p —At Rahaul's Blanche bay. so carrying troops, especially fliers, in huge it could accomodate battle- addition to arms and othei war ma-
ships and ocean liners, two barges, terial, it was said__
loaded with Japanese troops have
Ken sunk by Allied fighter planes om the Solomons.
This humiliating blow, announced todav bv Gen. Douglas MacArthur^ ■ . . f *»
headquarters, is in sharp contrast |)A|jh|pC in with reports of last October when | 1/vUUlVj III I GUI 3e enemy’s New Britain stronghold rited the attention of big bomb- WASHINGTON. Jan. 8 — (X* —
ers which had such choice targets America's war planes left the as-
Ballinger Man Hurt In Action in Italy
BALLINGER. Jan. 3 — (Spl>-Staff Sgt. Steward Johnson, recently cited for gallantry, was wounded in his left leg while in action in Italy Dec. 16.
His wife, the former Dorothy Caudle, received the War department message Sunday and a letter from the sergeant later stated he would remain in a hospital for some time.
Sergeant Johnson is the son of Mr and Mrs. Roy Johnson and a brother of Mrs. Charles Cheatham, all of Ballinger. He was with the Ballinger National Guard unit when It was mobilized in 1940 and has been serving with the 36th division. His wife and young child live here.
front said that San Vittore had been seized Thursday after a violent 40-hour battle from house to house. The village is six miles from Cassino.
The capture was confirmed to-
Legion Chief Urges Bonus
HOUSTON, Jan. 8 - <4*) -—Tile American Legion will urge payment a “reasonable bonus” to veterans of world war II to equalize the pay of servicemen and industrial w a r workers, National Commander Warren H. Atherton said today.
The bonus, labeled by Atherton as adjusted compensation would be in addition to other veterans benefits being urged by the Legion, he said. Til esc Included mustering out pay, more adequate hospitalization for injured veterans, disability compensation for war injuries, federal financed educational aid and vocational training, Job assistance, and federal loans at low interest rates to buy farms and homes.
"Why shouldn’t the fighting men and women get as much pay as war workers?” Atherton asked in an interview.
He stressed, however, that the
que. which said that the Fifth army had advanced all along a ten-mile front in the jagged hills on both sides of the road.
Even before this official announcement of the taking of San Vittore, the Americans had smashed on in the direction of Cassino and were fighting in the streets of Giusto, a tiny vilage more than half a mi I lo the north.
Across the peninsula, the Eighth army engaged in strong patrol activity, todays communique said, while Allied bombers pounded tho airfield at Perugia in central Italy, blasted an aircraft factory at Mari-bor in northern Yugoslavia, struck at the railway yards at Flume in northeastern Italy and lashed at shipping off the Yugoslav coast.
The ground communique, reporting that the Fifth army advance continued along the 10-mile front, said that in one arca troops fought their way to the top of a 4,000 foot peak.
• * •
American troops pushed north
MOSCOW Rod <Hrmy tflops unchecked, fan out In Ukraine toward Bug river.
LONDON — American airmen wipe out German plant center.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC—Jap troop barges sunk In Rabaul harbor.
ALGIERS—Fifth army pushes forward from San Vittore.
By The Associated Press
Reports of heavy livestock deaths in the Panhandle filtered out today as that section dug itself out after the worst blizzard in 52 years. The mercury was down to four above zero at Amarillo.
North of Amarillo at Perryton, Tex., one farmer said he counted 159 head of dead cattle along a 10-mile stretch of highway.
The Amarillo Globe said cattlemen today are "most apprehensive over the lack of emergency feed.”
A special train was sent from Amarillo to pick up motorists stranded at Jerico. Tex., 60 miles to the east. State highway patrolmen at midmorning traveled southward on highway 287 to rescue three motorists, stranded as the snow piled in drifts four to six feet deep.
Maximum snowfall in the Panhandle was approximately 12 Inches.
At Dalhart ail electric transmission lines were reported out of operation.
Highways throughout the Panhandle were blocked—trains were getting through, behind schedule, by the use of snowplows. and no airline flights were being made out of Amarillo.
The Globe said no estimate of damage was available, but that It would run into thousands of dollars.
Army personnel assisted the highway patrol anti city and county officers last nlg^it in refccuinr drivers trapped in the drlffing miow.
Skies were clear today and the wind—which reached a 42-mlle ve-Tocity j esterdav—had subsided.
Much Colder Due Tonight
Temperature reported from the Abilene airport station at IO a. rn. today was 18 degrees, one degree under that recorded by the downtown bureau from 5 a. in. through 9 a. rn.
Weatherman W. II. Green estimated snowfall at slightly over a half inch, f orecasts show little relief with prediction for today mostly cloudy and colder, with clearer and much colder tonight with the temperature ranging from B to IO degrees. Sunday forecast fair and continued cold.
All roads in state highway dls-
from San Vittore and are now , trict No. 8 were opeti today but snow fighting for the village of Giusto 1,000 yards beyond, while other units reached Monte Porchia, tw >
miles southwest of San Vittore, dominating the road to Cassino.
In other air operations, strong forces of medium bomb-
See ITALY. Pg. 8. < ol. 2
Wtih the exception of the Panhandle, snow fell today throughout North Texas as far south as Waco.
The Dallas weather bureau sent out warnings to North Texas that bitter weather will continued, with tonight colder than last night, and advised that all precautions be taken in the protection of livestock.
Snow covered the ground today at Big Spring, Lubbock. Wichita Falls, Amarillo and Texarkana.
Mid-morning temperatures included: Amarillo, 4: Clarendon
(Panhandle) 9; Pampa, I; Dalhart. 5; Abilene, 19: San Angelo. 23; Big Spring 15; Midland. 14; Lubbock, ll; Wichita Falls, 16: Fort Worth. 21; Dallas, 23; W'aco, 25; Austin 29; San Antonio, 30: Corpus Christi, 39; Brownsville, 47; Galveston, 42; Beaumont, 39; Houston, 37; Tyler,
26; Texarkana 30.
• • •
Both Braniff and American Airlines grounded their planes in Texas because of low visibility and Icy conditions, early snow stopped highway travel in the Panhandle and bus schedules north and northwest out of Dallas were cancelled.
The Amarillo weather bureau said officially the blizzard considering its aspects of snow, high wind and
ROBERT M. STANLEY
closed that Rob'it M. Stanley, chiel test pilot of the Bell Aircraft cor- j poration. made the maiden U. S. j flight of an experimental rocket fighter plane. The flight was made Oct. I, 1942.
“Before this war is over, jet propulsion of aircraft may be very much in use by the Allies ” the
WASHINGTON. Jan. 8.—</P>—
The justice department has obtained subpoenas for the records of 85 large distillers, vintners, processors and wholesalers in a broadening of the liquor shortage investigation j program would “have to be modi-originally confined to four major fled by the nation's allblty to pay.” companies—Schenley, Hiram Walk- “We don't want to bankrupt the er, National Distillers and Seagrams, country,” he said. t
WAR STOPS FOR IOO PILOTS ON NEWS SKIPPER DIDN'T RETURN
w j&O; rn
Jlster on Northwestern New Britain, I Last month 8,802 planes were pro-265 miles southwest of Rabaul, the j duced, 13 more than in November jungle fighting which rose to such , Production had been scheduled at
noted aeronautical engineer, designer and air warfare strategist said in I ADVANCED SOUTH PACIFIC Lt M B Miller then saw Boylng-
an interview in which he explained BASES. Jan. 4.— 'Delayed)—(A*— ton and Wingman Capt. G, M Aphtha principle which sends craft The skipper didn't get back. mull dive on a formation of Zeros
sembly lines at a r*te of 339 foi streaking through space without The news spread like the chill below'. They disappeared below a
propellers above the atmosplrre. wind from revetment to the “ready cloud, he said. ' I don’t see how
De Bove realty discussed jet pro- room” to the tent camp on the hill. Greg could have missed getting one ALLIED DRIVES IN ITALY foundations and parts of the butld-
Flags and arrows indicate be more .saturated with
1 cold by nightfall. No houses in
as cruisers and big cargo vessels
The barge sinkings are esti- each working dav In December, the
mated to have cost the enemy ; aircraft production board reports
IOO dead and wounded soldiers. J in announcing that 1943 production ■ puislon vvhen asked to comment on The war stood still for a hundred or more but I never saw him after ^Aground at invaded Cape Glou-j nearlv doubled the output of 1942. J tPe announcement Thursday by the pilots and 500 ground crewmen. ward
' IA Tuft Mitts > - ^ // -V
^tJ"\ J . si**')
and Ice made driving difficult, prompting a warning from the department for careful motoring. .. .__ .____ .. ... . » .
County Anent Elmo C.toH Mid this £w »« the wont In
morning that the icy covering on the grass required more teed which is not easily available. Scarce water supply and low temperature was expected to seriously affect livestock.
Last night shortly after 8 o’clock
Jap Navy Not Afraid To Fijiht, Warns Knox
WASHINGTON. Jan. 8.—(AA— the electric service in Abilene was I Don t get any Ideas about the Jap-disrupted when city distribution anese fleet being afraid to fight, feeder lines from the West Texas saVR NaVy secretary Knox, just be-
Utilities company's local plane were ca‘use they haven’t stuck their neck whipped together by the high winds, j out 0f Tokyo harbor or wherever
\ L. Santa Maria
Mlastol \ f * di SangrqAAoi /
rn . - if ii m
\ V.ticuso CASSINO^
I San V,ttoie>£
Power lines were dossed, burned and cut service to mast of the city for periods ranging from a few minutes to .several hours. Street lighting off the remainder of the night will be in operation tonight. R M. Fielder, local manager, said this morning.
they may be hiding.
I. s. DKP\RTMKNT Of 4 O MMT! KCE WKATHt.lt Kl HK. XI
ABILENE AND VICINITY: Mostly
cloudy nod colder, clearing and much colder tonight with a severe freore predicted with temperature* ranging from 5 to to degrees Sunday fair with continued cold. First strong winds diminishing Sunday. Continue ot protect livestock, automobiles and plumbing. EAST TEXAS; Mostly cloudy; colder lenians to cut Off water from their this afternoon, snow flurries n north ast houses tonight if temperatures re-I and extreme north portions; dearie* and
much colder tonight, free-mg In
Plumbers Warn to Avoid Pipe Freeze
Plumbers here today advised Abl*
main as low as yesterday’s thermometer readings, or leave faucetts dripping to prevent freezing o f pipes.
Houses where water was permitted to run last night without freefing will probably be more severely affected tonight because lh*
in north and mpcraturcs IO except 5 to IO ta to 20 in tantra!. upper coast, and Uth, except 24 to Ic valley: Sunday Fresh to strong Interior Sunday.
a high pitch earlier in the week has subsided, with the Marine front line at Borgen bay virtually unchanged. ^jaOn nearby New Guinea, Australians moved up Huon peninsula to join forces with American Invaders of Saidor occupied Kelanoa village. The Saidor forces moved south to gel. That left a gap of 65 miles, in which some Japanese troops are fjcketed.
IU UC UU. I uua.u i propellers
for failure to reach ! y
9.0 0 for the month but Executive Vice Chairman Charles E. Wilson of the War Production board hinted at the reason
the goal with the reference to a lac w.g.,
“lag in deliveries xxx over the|3J /VDSGriTGG VOiCS
December output brought the Thirty-five absentee voice were year’s total to 85.946 military planes cast for the special election of the of all types, compared with 1942 chief of police Tuesday, Jan. ll, at production of 47,873, 1 the deadline Friday,
U. S. Army Air Forces and the RAF For Major Gregory Boyington, ••• *
that British-American engineering leader of the Marines “Blacksheep Search planes sighted neither the trout (black line), in inc
laboratories had turned out a new squadron," had failed to return wreckage of Boyington’s Corsair nor south, Americans completed j in the past,
plane capable of enormous speeds from a mission during which he the life raft that pilots carry. conquest of San Vittore, and
at high altitudes without standard sh0t down his 26th enemy plane Marine Maj. Gen. Ralph Mitchell t B ;tj ^ attacked on their
Abilene are considered freeze-proof and covering has proved little help
to tie the all-time American record.
Three accompanying pilots saw the 31-year-old Okanogan, Wash., ace send his 26th spinning down yesterday in a ball of fire into St. George’s channel, the gateway to Rabaul, New Britain.
Yugos Fight for Reds
.... . MOSCOW. Jan. 8—cPt—The army
ue as a pilot but his instructional Tommaso. Allies are driving! newspaper Bed Star said today that
of New Britain, Conn., commander of the Solomons airforce, said “not only was Boyington of immense val
flank. In the north, British Indian troops gained near San
ability was almost unmeasurable. | f peSfara and Cassino, key We need men like him to read the
a Yugoslav unit has been formed in the Soviet union to fight along-
we* Hccu men imr nun tv irnu m*. . * • « _ ■ ^ .
Bible to the kids back home who points on highways leading to J sUJe the Red army against the Gordon t know it yet.’ 1 Rome. (AP Wirephoto) mans.
!>outh and srvsr* frees* ventral portions; lowest to 15 in extreme nortii,
• \!reioe northwest. 15 rxrept 20 to 25 near VO ’n 25 in extreni so 28 In lower Rio cir*no (air. . ontlnt? i cold w inda diminishing in continue Uvettock protection,
WEST TEXAS Fair this afternoon, tonight and Sunds> colder except in th* Panhandle this afternoon, colder tonight, lowest temperatures near aero in P*n* handle. 5 to IO in South Plains, 15 to 20 In Del Rio-Eagle Pass aren and El Paso area, and IO to 15 elsewhere; continue liveatock protection.
Precipitation for 24 houra anding a rn saturday, .18 Inch.
Total since first of year, to 7;30 a. m. Saturday, 1.35 inches
To^t amount for same period last year, .20 Inch.
Normal amount ainee flrat of the >*ar,
18 Inch. w .
Airport precipitation for 24 hour* end-in* 7:30 a rn. Saturday. Inch
Highest temperature yesterday; City office, *4; Airport. 44
I,ow*'.«? th.* mo-ning it© 7:30 a. in M City office. I*: Airport It.