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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 8, 1938, Abilene, Texas Cfje Abilene deport cr ~flcui5"WITHOUT, OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES, WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES/-Byron_ ☆☆☆ dyne*® VOL. LVI I. Associated Prats (AP)ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 8, 1938—8 PAGES unit.4 Pf... [up] NUMBER 236 FDR Leads New Deal In I Voters Will Get Monopoly Attack Tonight , Gives Jackson SECOND SHANGHAI FLARE-UP Dinner Speech ' At Washington Cabinet Members And Aides Join In Nation-Wide Drive WASHINGTON, Jan. 8.— (UP)—President Roosevelt, At a $100-a-plate dinner, has top billing tonight in a coast to coast New Deal celebration of Jackson Day at which speak-ers are expected to challenge monopoly on all fronts. ICKES, JACKSON SPEAKERS The president will address the Jackson Day dinner at the Mayflower hotel here. Most of the major figures of the party and the administration will attend the dinner here. While the president speaks at Washington, six members of his cabinet and lesser administration leaders will scatter across the country to participate as speakers * In other celebrations of Jackson r*sy. Secretary of Interior Harold L. lekes, who made a slashing Christmas week attack against concentrated wealth and “America's six- JUSTICE RETIRES WASHINGTON. Jan. 8. Thousands of democrats will pay 825 to $100 for dinner tonight to honor Andrew Jackson—and to reduce their party's $211,295 deficit. Members of the democratic national committee, which entered the new year that sum in the red. said they had hopes the entire deficit might be wiped out. Homeward bound, stepping into full retirement at 75. Associate Justice George Sutherland of the United States Supreme Court is shown above as he returned to his Washington apartment after sending to President Roosevelt his letter of formal resignation, effective Jan. 18. ty families," will speak at the Nashville, Tenn., dinner, near Andrew Jackson's famous hermitage. | Assist "ft AU Wiley* General Rob* J ert H. Jackson, reportedly Mr. Roosevelt s cholee for governor of New York and poesibly to succeed him in the White House, will address the New York dinner at which Postmaster General James Parley will be the principal guest. Politicians are especially interested in the Boston, Mass., address of James Roosevelt, the president’s eldest son, who is understood to have Bay State political ambitions. Two of the conservative new deal bloc will be talking tonight: Secretary of Commerce Daniel C. Roper at Columbus. Ohio, and gee JACKSON DAY Page 7, Cot I Lynch Measure Filibuster Holds Barkley Threatens Night Sessions To Choke Off Oratory Southern Foes Write Substitute Wage-Hour Bill Break In Poll On Parking Meters Commission Rules '36 Or 37 Poll Tax Payers May Vote Japs, F rench At Gun-Point U. S. Official On NOT 'CAVE MEN'; JUST NATURE LOVERS, LEADER SAYS The voters will get a break In a parking meter referendum called by the city of Abilene for Jan. 20. In the special election, which comes under only those rules which city officials may set out, the commission voted yesterday to allow persons Holding either 1938 or 1937 poll tax receipts to cast their ballots. Their decision was prompted by other January elections in which controversy had arisen over which poll tax receipt should be honored by the election judges at the polls. There probably is court ruling on bill at the special session of con- , matter, but since the election Regulation Would Be Restricted To Specific Trades WASHINGTON, Jan. 8.— (A*) — Some southern representatives who played a major part In sidetracking the administration’s wage-hour gress disclosed today they were drafting a labor standards bill of their own. Rep. McReynolds (D-Tenn) said the new* measure might provide a, system under which a majority of operators in any one industry would be empowered to determine whether their standards needed federal regulation. Such regulations, McReynolds suggested, might be restricted to a few major industries just as the crop control bill was made to apply only to selected commodities. Proponents of wage-hour legis- J lation also hailed as encouraging the action of the southeastern gov- ; emors’ conference in endorsing the principle of legislation intended, in ’ President Roosevelt's words of last Monday “to end starvation wages and intolerable hours.” The governors, in session here, took space in Washington newspapers advertising their states’ advantages but warning sweatshop operators they wert not welcome. CALLS LABOR COMMITTEE Chairman Norton (D-NJ) will call her house labor committee into session Wednesday to canvass the situation. The senate passed a wage-hour bill last summer. William Green, president of the American Federation of Labor, which opposed the bill brought out by the Norton committee in the special session, contributed to the discussion yesterday with this statement: “The shortening of hours of work in industry is an essential prerequisite to the reduction of unemployment,” The original house bill proposed creation of a federal board empowered to set minimum wages in interstate industry up to as high as 40 cents an hour, and to hold the work week to as few as 40 is merely one to determine the general opinion of Abilenians on whether parking meters should be kept or taken out, the commission agreed that either receipt should be good lf the voter lives within the corporate limits. It may give newcomers a break too, it was pointed out. The 1936 poll tax receipts were good on all elections during 1987, but voters have until Jan. 31 to pay their 1937 tax and get their receipts. There is where the question arises. The commission called the parking meter referendum yesterday at the request of Mayor Will Hair. There will be two voting boxes, one on either side of town. Polls will open at 8 a. rn. and close at 7 p. rn. Mark Silverman (right), 38. accused of making other members of his family live like animals in a cave near Los Angeles, is shown with his brother, Joseph, and the tatters wife, when they were found in the canyon by officers. Mark Sil verman, facing a n insanity charge brought by a relative by marriage, denied he believed in nudism or “wrong doing.” that he was a “nature lover.” WASHINGTON, Jan. $-n.P>— Senators waging a parliamentary battle against the anti-lynching bill | hours. Before it was sent back to said today they had enough speech Cooperation Is Cure For Slump, Senate Quiz Chief Says By ALLEN C. DIBBLE WASHINGTON. Jan. 8.—(UP) — Chairman James P. Byrnes, D., 8. C„ of the senate unemployment and relief committee, completed a week's study of the recession problem today with the belief that cooperation of business, labor and government could defeat it. Byrnes contended that cooperation would dissipate a lack of confidence which was described by some witnesses as a contributing cause of the business recesion. He suggested that the various groups get together and confer on general economic conditions. He would commit himself, however, on President Roosevelt’s proposal for controlled production. Other developments in the attempt to alleviate the business recession were: 1. Congressional farm leaders discussed pending bill providing for the creation of laboratories to develop new’ uses for agricultural products. 2. Sen. Lewis B. Schwellenbach, D., Wash., submitted to President Roosevelt a proposal to expand the Texas Works Progress administration to absorb all idle persons. 3 Sen. William Murray, D., Mont., a member of the relief committee, supported proposals by President William Green of the American Federation of Labor that WPA expanded to provide for the idle and that the WPA program be enlarged. Byrnes could not define along what lines the cooperation between the groups should proceed, es on tap to prolong their filibustering tactics indefinitely. Majority leader Barkley of Kentucky held out the threat of night sessions to choke off their oratory, but not even that, they said, could upset their schedule. I Opponents of the bill took heart j 1 from the vigorous attack Senator Borah (R-Idaho> made on the > measure yesterday. They said it | gave powerful support of their contention the bill is unconstitutional and should be shelved. The purpose of the opponents was plain—to continue speech ma king and parliamentary delays until pressure for President Roosevelt’s legislative program would force proponents to sidetrack the anti-lynch-Uig proposal. Upsetting the senate's usual weekend rest, Barkley called a session for today and at the same time made the threat of night session. Borah held the close attention of his colleagues and the galleries. “The race problem." Borah said. “is one which doesn't yield readily to legislative treatment.“ Under present laws, he said, negroes often "suffer discrimination at the hands of the federal government." A negro girl, he said, may win a civil service rating by examination “and when she comes to get a job and they see she is a negro, they tell her the job is filled.” “And they usually are telling a lie,” he shouted. The bill under debate would provide for federal prosecution of local and state authorities in the event of mob violence. CC Managers To 9 Convene Tonight , Plans for the April convention in Big Spring will be made at the Hilton at 8 o’clock tonight when the executive committee of the a Chamber of Commerce Managers assedation of West Texas meets. Tonight's get-together will be the first meeting for the group since the association was organized last September in Sweetwater. The meeting was called by W. A. Wil-• son of Olney, president. Bill Col-lyns of Midland is secretary-treas- commlttee “for further study” the measure had been amended to provide a single administrator within the labor department, rather than a board. Auto Industry Begins Back-Io-Work Move Chrysler Rehires 55,000 Workers DETROIT. Jan. I.—(AWA back-to-work trend in the automobile industry was under way today after holiday layoffs. The Chrysler Corp. announced last night the 55.000 persons who were working in its plants at the time of the curtailment Dec. 23 will return Tuesday. The Hudson Motor Car Co. said this week it would “put money and men back to work” in announcing the expenditure of $11,000,000 for materials and equipment to begin immediate production of a new car in the low-price field. It said it would increase its workers from 6.000 to 12.000. The Ford Motor Co. said that fewer than 25.000 of the 87.000 workers at its mammoth Rouge plant in Dearborn are idle now. and that it “hopes” to have all of them back around Jan. 17. General Motors Corp. has not revealed when it will recall the 30-000 employes it announced on Dec. 28 would be laid off because of “the recession in business." HAVE YOU PAID YOUR POLL TAX? These persons have: Jan. 8. 1938 ..........1.480 Jan. 8. 1936 ..........1.287 Taylor county apparently is on tfie way to another all time record on poll-tax payments. The honors to date are held by 1936, last general election year. Watch 1938 climb. Colorado Woman's Condition Critical COLORADO, Jan. 7.—(Spl.)— Slightly improved, but critical, was the hospital report today on the condition of Mrs. J. D. Williams, Sr. She was discovered rn her home Friday afternoon, unconscious and with her clothes ablaze. Apparently unconscious from a stroke of some kind, Mrs. Williams was sitting slumped in a chair directly in front of a small gas stove. The gas hose had burned in two and the fuel was flaming from the open end. Mrs. W. E. Wirtz, a neighbor, noticed smoke coming from around the door of the house and called her father-in-law, E. W. Wirtz. Together they forced the door and discovered Mrs. Williams’ plight. Mr. Wirt* smothered the flames with a wet towel. BRABHAM CALLS FOR DRIVE— McMurry Students Asked To Sign Pledge Of Temperance Hope Wanes In Hunt For Plane Students of McMurry college are being asked to sign a pledge that they will not "under any conditions drink intoxicating liquors or beverages.” Announcement of the program came yesterday from Dr. Thomas W. Brabham, McMurry .president, who -declared that “after having made Investigation among several bundle-* young people of the city of Abilene, of both the high school and college groups, I have come to the conclusion that during the last several ' months drinking, among certain groups, has been and is increasing. forces of this city to band themselves together for a united fight against the liquor traffic in our very Cutter Reports Finding Patch Of Oil On Pacific midst,” Brabham declared. “For that reason, th* president of McMurry college has and i« calling upon all students to sign a temperance pledge, binding themselves together to stamp out any drinking, if any. among the students of McMurry college.” Brabham has announced to Mi* Murry students that any boy or girl charged with drinking and proved of th.    on    or    off tho    J"™*'"*    th* Shanghai Board Protests Attacks Nippon Soldier Strikes Guard In French Section SHANGHAI, Jan. 8.—(AP) —Japanese guns were trained on French troops within the French concession for an hour today as an American official of the Shanghai municipal council protested repeated Japanese assaults on settlement police. SINO WOMAN BEATEN The international incident was the second in two days in which Japanese forces attacked 'police in the foreign areas. A French concession policeman, of Russian nationality, was struck in the face by a Japanese soldier. The policeman had intervened to prevent the soldier from beating a Chinese woman attempting to escape from Nantao into the French concession for water Other Japanese soldiers tried to drag the policeman across the boundary into Nantao. When he fled, the Japanese ranged rifles and machine guns along the concession border. Frencn armored cars were brought up to reinforce the frontier. The municipal council s strenuous protests were lodged with Sue-masa Okamoto, Japanese counsul-general, by Cornell S. Franklin, its American chairman. After two British policemen were beaten yesterday the British commander. Major General A. P. D. Telfer-Smollet, protested to Japanese authorities, warning that a recurrence might lead to “gravest con-seuenc es.” CONSIDER PROTEST French officials were strongly considering a formal protest against guilty campus, will be sent home. He further stated: “I have reasons to believe th**re are several bootlegging Joints in the city of Abilene that are doing a thriving business and perhaps playing to See MCMURRY Page 7, Col. I SAN PEDRO. Calif., Jan. 8.—(AP) —The coast guard reported today a floating patch of oil and a broken life preserver weep found by the crew of one of its cutters near San j today’s incident. i (In Paris, however, a ./reign of-i flee spokesman said France wa* Clemente island, giving rise to an Sub-Freezing Blow Spreads Over South I By The Associated Press i Sub-freezing weather spread over most of the south today moving in from the Great Lakes region. Lower temperatures generally were ! forecast for tonight. The cold wave extended as far south as Pensacola. Fla., Shreve-| port. La., and Dallas, Tex., where the minimum readings were 32. I Snow’ fell in Montana and North Dakota. Some sections of the east escaped the freezing weather, but it was 26 below at Winnipeg. Canada; 24 below at Huron, S. P., and 20 below at Morehead. Minn. I-- | Sends Farley Broom 1 KEENE Jan 8.—./Pi—C. D. Grady, i postmaster here, sent his chief, ! Postmaster General James A. Farley. a broom for Christmas. Farley, in a note of acknowledgement, wrote: "I will keep it around my office to sweep the republicans out.” The gift was a whisk broom, representing Keene's largest industry. Rail Rate Boost Problem Talked WTCC Official Neutral On El Paso Hearing While maintaining strict neutrality regarding the Interstate Commerce Commission rate hearing at El Paso. E. R. Tanner, traffic manager of the West Texas chamber of commerce discussed freight rates, differentials, and their effect on West Texans and West Texas development yesterday. Regarding the proposed rate increase. he said. “The desire of the West Texas chamber of commerce is simply that if the rate is granted it be made on a cents per hundred pounds rather than a percentage basis. Our further desire is that the increase shall apply to the nation as a whole, not West Texas alone. “A flat fifteen per cent mcrease would greatly penalise West Texas farmers. "For instance, Abilene's rate on cotton is 41 cents per hundred Blaze Destroys Melvin Schools Brady Firemen Rush To Scene; Loss $100,000 BRADY. Jan. 8.—<P>—A $100,000 fire early today destroyed the nearby Melvin high and grammar schools. The blaze, of undetermined origin, destroyed all equipment as well as the buildings, which were situated about 20 feet apart. The Brady volunteer fire department rushed to the scene but the flames had consumed most of the inflammable portions of the brick structures. The loss was in part covered by-insurance. A small school for Mexicans was the only remaining school in the McCulloch cc mty community. navy s bomber with seven aboard crashed into the Pacific. Samples were taken of the oil and the piece of preserver were turned over to naval authorities who said they were uncertain that the discovery might point to the fate of the huge plane and its crew, which have been unreported since Wednesday. The navy’* greatest search for a missing craft had entered its third day with waning hope Collie Candidate? EASTLAND, Jan. 8.—<P —State I w    .    I    Senator W. B. Collie today said he pounds while other sections have a j    -seriously considering ’ making * twenty-cent per hundred pounds thf rac<? for U,utenant gover- Thlrty-five fighting ships which pierced the darkness last night with searchlights were Joined again today bf 284 navy planes, scanning an j urea of 80.000 square miles between San Luis Obispo and Ensenada, lower California. Giver, up for dead was Cadet j Scott P Hawkins. 29, of Jefferson City, Mo., who fell from his plane Thursday while engaged in the search. His parachute opened but he disappeared after striking the ocean. On the hopeful side was the fact that the missing 25-ton, twin-en-gined bomber was capable of landing in and riding heavy seas for > days, and that there were emer- j gency rations aboard. Against this was the fact the bomber had an auxiliary radio and nothing had been heard since it reported all well late Wednesday when ; about 200 miles northwest of San j Diego. U..S. 'Housewife' Not Sticking to Her Job • WI% I WASHINGTON. Jan. 8.—(AV- [ The “housewife’’ is not sticking to home as closely as her designation might imply. Statistics on passports issued in 1937 d^losed that more of these not alarmed" by the “incident.”) The belligerent show of force began today after a Chinese woman crossed into the French zone from the native district. Nantao, to obtain water. Japanese prohibit departure from Nantao. and a Japanese sentry ran after the woman. He seized and struck her. said the French. A policeman in the concession, of Russian nationality, intervened. He was struck in the face. Other Jap-I anese soldiers rushed in at once. and started to drag the policeman across the boundary into Nantao. The policeman slipped loose, whereupon nearly IOO of the Japanese troops gathered at the con* cession boundary and pointed rifle* and a machine gun at the armed and indignant French troops Two armored cars rushed reinforcements. While the potential fighters faced each other tensely, French Consul Pierre Auge took up the matter with the Japanese counsul. They reached an agreement which for the moment ended the incident with withdrawal of the troops. The British policemen were slugged by Japanese soldiers in an asserted invasion of the British defense zone of the international settlement. WARNS ARMY CHIEFS Telfer-Smollett was reported to have warned Japanese military officials that a recurrence might See SINO-J AP Page 7, Col. I See RAILS Page 7. Col. 2 'MECHANICAL BRAINS' SECRET- U. S. Developing Superior Defense For Air Attacks NEW YORK. Jan. 8—<P>—'The United States, whose air force is described as the most efficient in existence by James’ “AU the World's Aircraft," has a second deadly answer to attacks from the air. It is the army's anti-aircraft artillery, which, while lacking badly in numerical strength, has displayed such technical progress that experts believe it capable of making important military areas invulnerable to raids by hostile aircraft. Military observers watching the modern units shatter aerial targets at extreme ranges with an uncanny skUl unmatched—at least publicly—• by foreign forces, rate Hie United States among the world's leader, in the development of ground defenses against bombing planes. Outstanding among the units of thlf invaluable branch at national defense is the 62nd Coast artillery whose mission is guarding metropolitan New York from bombing raids. Capable of hurling more than three tons of flying steel per minute from its mechanical controlled guns, the regiment’s practice operations drew from observers the report that “in material, training, and tactics, it is equal to or superior to similar units of foreign countries." The secret of the anti-aircraft artillery’s startling efficiency is in its closely guarded fire control equipment, $30,000 “mechanical brains" which compute from basic observations the position of enemy targets, and automatically aim the fast-firing cannon. Through their use, skilled gun crews, relieved of the necessity of aiming their 3-inch guns manually, mb able to fire them at the rate of 30 or more shots a minute, hurling 15-pound high explosive shells which literally blanket an area under fire with their deadly pellets of steel. At night sound detectors and searchlights coupled to the “mechanical brains” give the regiments equally deadly striking power. Fully mechanized, the modern anti-aircraft regiments move swiftly at speeds of 25 or more miles an hour, traveling in special trucks which carry the guns, men, and equipment. Such forces, equipped with the new type guns and fire control instruments could, observers declare, under normal conditions protect any assigned area by destroying attacking aircraft, or forcing them to such See DEFENSE Face 7, Col. I Non-Stop Globe Hop Plonned By Matt em LOS ANGELES. Jan. 8. (A*—A non-stop flight around the world beginning probably next April is planned by Jimmy Mattern, his fellow-aviator and close friend, Garland Lincoln, said today. The take off and landing will be in Paris, France, to avoid possible objections by the United Sites similar to those encountered when he planned a flight to Moscow last spring, said Lincoln. The projected flight would require four refuelings in mid-air. Japan Soaking To Extend War 4 Years TOKYO, Jan. 8. —(AV- Dome! (Japanese news agency) reported today Premier Prince Fumimaro Konoye had sought an understanding with his cabinet to continue the war against China for four more years. A four year replenishment plan, Domei said. was being worked out along that line for presentation to parliament. norship of Texas. He said he would make a definite announcement this month. necessary documents for travel abroad went to houcwives than any other classification. GLOBE-GIRDLING PACT— ll. S. And Great Britain Put Final Touches On Commercial Accord WASHINGTON. Jan. 8. (.Pi—Tile I Secretary Hull made public a United States and Great Britain [ long list of imports upon which the ( moved today toward the final! United States will consider grant-stages of a significant commercial accord climaxing Secretary Hull s foreign trade program. The proposed pact which Hull formally proclaimed last night his intention of negotiating with the United Kingdom, will involve a globe-girdling market. It will embrace not only Britain but her far-flung colonial empire and Newfoundland. Only India, the dominions and Ireland will be excluded. Actual negotiation of the agreement, designed to achieve mutual tariff concessions, will begin as soon as American interests have made known their views concerning specific Items of commerce. ing concessions. Accompanying it was a notice that public hearings will be opened here March 14 for interested parties The list of potential American concessions includes whisky and other spirits, dressed furs, tin, i rubber, boots and shoes, gloves, leather goods, woolen and cotton textiles and certain types of salted and pickled fish. In exchange for better customs treatment of such British goods as these, the United States hopes to obtain concessions from the empire which would widen the market there for American agricultural products on which it will consider tariff concessions. Judge, Declining To Retire, Gives U. S. Pension Savings SALT LAKE CITY. Jan. 8.— 'Prone of the nation's oldest federal district court Judges, who declined to retire when he reached the age of 70, gave as his 80th birthday anniversary present to the government today an $100,000 pension saving. The saving probably will be far in excess of $100,000 when Federal Judge Tillman D. Johnson steps down from the bench because, he said. “I have no intention of resigning.” “I ll retire when the lawyers who practice before me believe that I am no longer able to keep up my nd of the work." His saving to the government, he said, Is one of his “little jokes.” but IO years ago he w'as eligible to retire on full pay of $10,000 a year. The government would have been required t oappoint a successor at the same salary. Just how capable is a man at 80 years of age? “The poorest judge of one's self is one s self,' Johnson said. He added, however, that through his long experience, needed in court work just as it is needed in business, he is better able now to keep his docket “clean” than when he assumed the bench in 1915. * ;