Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - January 7, 1954, Abilene, Texas
FAIR AND MILDWi)t Aliene Reporter Retili MORNING"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YO’JR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" — Byron
VOL. LXXIII, No. 205
A$»ocialed Prens (AP/
ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 7, 1954—TWENTY PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS
PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c
Congressmen Back In Friendly Mood
WASHINGTON, Jan 6 ¿1—Congress came back in a back-slapping mood today to an election year session attuned to White House hopes for a peaceful world and a prosperous America.
Today there was no legislative business, only prayers, eulogies for the late Chief Justice Vinson and a sort of birthday party on the House floor for 72-year-old Sam Rayburn, the Democratic leader.
Tomorrow President Eisenhower comes before a combined Senate-House session to deliver his State of the Union message sketching a legislative program for 1951.
From then on, in the clashing cross currents of a campaign year, the air of gay good fellowship may drift away like the mists of the morning.
For Democrats in Congress are almost as numerous as Republi
cans. And they are showing signs of a strengthened unity brought on by lashing Republican attacks and a dislike for many portions of Eisenhower's home front program.
And in the field of foreign policy, Eisenhower may run up against as much opposition from Republicans as from Democrats.
No major legislation is on tap before next week, at the earliest.
In the Senate, the GOP Policy Committee mapped out a program that is likely to set off the first blasts of controversy in the new session. It includes lor next vyeek not only a batch of minor legislation but also a start on either the St. Lawrence seaway plan or a proposal to limit the President’s treaty making powers—a pair of items charged with legislative dynamite.
The policy committee chair-
AFTER CHURC H. V BIG JOB AHEAD FOR THE PRESIDENT — President Eisenhower, coat tails flying, leaves National Presbyterian church after attending a special service marking the opening of Congress. The Rev. Edward L. R. Elson. (right* is pastor of the church where the Eisenhowers are members. The other clergyman is Dr. John A. Mack ay. (AP Wirephoto).
man, Sen. Ferguson (R-Mich), announced that three of the upcoming bills would authorize the coining of 50-cent pieces to comemor-ate the 150th anniversary of the Louisiana Purchase and the 300th anniversaries of the foundings of New York City and Northampton, Mass.
“Looks like a four-bit session.” a smiling reporter remarked to Ferguson.
But plenty of more important measures lie ahead. Eisenhower offers his farm and labor programs to Congress Monday, and controversy already is swirling around them.
Signalling the start of the new congressional session, Eisenhower partook of Communion this morning and joined in prayers—prayers that God will give him “serenity of soul . . . soundness of judgment” and that Congress will go about its tasks in the interests of “the safety and honor and welfare” of the people.
Seek.ng World Peace With emphasis on guarding American property and world peace, Eisenhower set what apparently will be the keynote of the congressional session in an address to the nation Monday night.
Congressional leaders looked for Eisenhower to follow through in tomorrow’s State of the Union message only in terms of general principles and objectives, leaving details to later messages such as those on farm and labor policy.
The budget comes to Congress Jan. 21 and a report on the country’s economic condition a week later.
The President reportedly will ask again in the budget message that Congress lift the 275 billion dollar lid on the national debt. The House approved a boost to 290 billions last year, but it didn't get by the Senate.
On foreign policy and national defense. Congress usually has shown a dispostion toward bipartisan action. This time some Democrats are concerned about the ad-j ministration’s intention of withdrawing two divisions of 17. S.
; troops from Korea and the “new i look" military program stressing ; a reduction in manpower and a buildup of air strength and new ! weapons.
Congress also expects Eisenhow-j er to go down the line, as in the past, for strengthening the West against po sible Communist aggression and for persuading the Kremlin to go along on pooling atomic resources for peaceful purposes. There is heavy support from both major parties for those two ideas.
Soviets Say They Are Ready to Talk Atoms
Washington Named Site For Meeting
WINNAH AND STILL CHAMPEENS!
Stokowski Beats Hasty Retreat Before Irate DARs
Prosecutors May Have Solved Attempt to Mu rder Reuther
WASHINGTON. Jan. 6 <J>-The United States and Russia agreed tonight to hold preliminary talks concerning President Eisenhower’s at-oms-for-peace plan.
First the Soviet Foreign Ministry in Moscow’ announced that Russia was ready to begin the talks— which will deal with such questions as how% when and where negotiations on the President’s idea will be held.
The State Department declared that Secretary of State Dulles "experts to proceed at an early date’* with the conversations with the Russians.
The talks are scheduled to be held in Washington with Soviet Ambassador G. M. Zarubin speaking for Moscow .
The President's plan calls for an international pool, to which atomic powers would contribute some of their atomic energy, for research and use on such peaceful projects as medicine, industrial power, etc. I The United States has been earnestly pressing F.isenhower’s atomic pool idea. The President has j taken the stand that, since Russia \ and the United States have been unable to agree to a system for j control of atomic weapons, the practical thing to do is to approach , the atomic problem from another angle—a pool of atomic energy for peaceful purposes.
Plan Should Work The idea behind this is that if j such a plan should work out. the j cooperative effort among nations might lead eventually to cooperation on the issue o. controlling our outlawing atomic weapons.
Although the talks to which Mos- I cow agreed today would be purely \ preliminary, they could be of major importance.
For one thing, they couid pro- ; v.de a tip-off to officials here as j to whether Russia is really interested in making any progress now toward solving some of the international problems posed by the birth of the atomic age.
Others to Be Informed Officials here have said that the United Stales would keep Great Britain and other friendly atomic powers informed about the progress oi private discussions with the Soviets.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 6 * — The famous battle between the DAR and orchestra Director Leopold Stokow’ski over some sound absorbent drapes ended tonight with Stokoski beating an angry retreat.
The drapes in Constitution Hall, owned by the Daughters of The American Revolution, stayed drawn over the back oi the stage. And Stokowski finally put the Washington National Symphony Orchestra through its paces after a 15-minute indignation speech.
Stokowski contended the drapes spoiled the acoustics. He told the audience of 2.500 that he previously had threat-ned not to lead the orchestra tonight unless the curtains were removed.
“I see now I was wrong,” he said, “and I admit it. Theife are conditions for which you are not to blame and I should
not deprive you of hearing the music.
“Do not think we re going back one inch on the principle. We are not.”
Then Stokowski started the group on the orchestral variations on a theme of Paganini by Blacher.
To the average eye. it was hard to see what the fuss wras all about. The curtains, a nondescript blue which hang behind the orchestra, cover a motion picture screen which is used by the National Geographic Society for some of its programs.
Harold Maynard, who manages the auditorium for the DAR, insisted that to draw’ back the drapes would destroy the aesthetic arrangement of the stage. Besides, he said, one of the musicians might poke a hole through the screen.
Discussion Date Has Not Been Set
MOSCOW. Thursday, Jan. 7. (AP)—The Soviet government announced today it is ready to begin atomic talks with the United States in Washington.
A communique from the Soviet Foreign Ministry announced that the Soviet government had appointed G. M. Zarubin, Russian ambassador to the United States, to represent it in the talks.
The communique was published in Izvestia, Pravda, and other Moscow newspapers.
It was issued after Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov yesterday afternoon met for the second time in a week with Charles E. Bohlen. the U. S. ambassador, to discuss procedure for preliminary talks on President Eisenhower’s proposal for an international pool to harness atomic energy for peaceful purposes.
Debt Limit Hike Opposed by Byrd
WASHINGTON. Dec. 6 'Two I Treasury figures—which indicated
DETROIT. Jan 6 4*—Prosecutors today accused four men of conspiracy and assault w ith intent to murder CIO President Walter P. Reuther five years ago. and withheld names of four other persons sought in what they called a •'solution” lo the attempted assassination.
Wayv County Prosecutor (Jerald K. Y) Bncn disclosed names of three men in jail and a fourth still being sought but withheld names of the other four and information on evidence he had before the pre-dawn announcement ami arrests today O'Brien in saying “This is the solution," added, however: “There may be other involvements One of those arrested and the one ■ought figured prominently in hearings of the Kefauver Senate Crime Committee here in February. 1951. Both conceded they had made huge profits on scrap metal contracts v ith two companies, both often the
I scenes of violence in union at-! tempts to organize them.
I One is Carl Hernia. 35. arrested at his home in expensive, subur-; ban Grosse Pointe, and the other \ is his father-in-law. Santo (Sam* Perrone. 56. an ex-convict whose police record dates back to 1920. Perrone is sought. Renda stood [ mute on arraignment and was placed under $25.000 bail.
Clarence Jacobs. 48. of Tecum* seh. Ont.. was taken in cuslody in I nearby Windsor, Ont., and O’Brien said that the fourth man named in the warrant, Peter Lombardo, 51, is serving five years in the federal penitentiary at Leavenworth. Kan., for possession of counterfeit money.
Jacobs w as arraigned on a Canadian fugitive warrant and re- j manded to jail, pending an extra- j dition hearing Jan. 14 the same date set for ltenda's examination.
A police headquarters source said “You can be sure they didn’t
One Flight Doily Asked for Coleman
COLEMAN, J uv (’> Tran*-1 w as required to request permission
Texas Airways is expected to re- j from the CAB to add new stops at inaugurate service to Coleman the least “0 days before service was Utter part of January on a one j lo start. “1 guess the action Wed-round trip daily bnris. jnesday was part oi their schedule
Trans I Tcx^ Wednesday asked Hhug.” Smith said, the Civil Aeronautic» Board at Trans Texas »aid in it» request Washington for permission to over-i Wednesday, according to an \»»o-flv Coleman on all but one inuml ciated Press report from Washing-dailv, and to overfly Brown-(ton. that Brownwood has excessive
do it on their own, didn't think up the whole scheme if they did it." He also suggested the John Does might turn out to be “top flight” names.
Reuther, then and now president of the CIO United Auto Workers Union, was shot through a kitchen window of his home April 20. 1948.
V shotgun charge crippled his righ* arm.
His brother. Victor, was wounded in a similar attempted assassination May 24, 1949. He lost an eye. Victor now is educational director for the UAW. O’Brien said today's arrests did not solve the assault on Victor Reuther,
V six-year statute of limitations applies to both assault and conspiracy in Michigan, which means j no one could be charged in the Walter Reuther shooting after April. Sam Travis, Renda’s attorney referred to this in asking a icasonable bond, saying the warrant ’ obviously was issued just before the expiration of the statue of limitations.”
More than 1200.000 in rewards are outstanding in the Reuther shootings. The V \W offered $100,-000 in each case for information leading to convict.on, Wayne «Detroit County offered a total of $4.000.
4 Other Fire Alarms Reported Here
trip wood on the
irrving Cole- J service to and from Fort Worth-Dallas because it is a mandatory junction point on route» serving San Antonio and San Angelo • Fort Worth.
Smith said Trans - Texas had »cried Coleman before, discontinuing service in a bom 1949.
Trans • Texas has announced plan» to resume its Coleman service last October. Smith said.
The BCD president »aid the Coleman airport had tiecn inspected and approved for use by the of j airlines.
Duly effort on the part of Celt-Smith said official* here had j man officials ha» m en to try and been given no advance notice uf got service returned here. Smith what the service to Coleman would »aid. adding that tentative ached» b» onlv that it would be resumed ules here had not been <b-ou»»ed. §nme time the litter part of Jan- “Wc are mighty luppy to Have uni-v * 1 ®ir «erviee coming back in
He had been told by the airline» \ here. It will be thr fatly air service Official» he »aid, that the aiiline that we will have ”• Smith said.
K. F smith, president of the Coleman Board of Community Development, said Wednesday night the Trans-Texas action was apparently to allow them to resume service to Colem ut on the San \n-gelo-Fort Worth Rights
He said that city, Coleman Coun ty and Coleman IK D official* would meet at 1 p m Friday with j J. Kichner ot Houston, Trans-Texas general manager of traffic and »ah s, to vvoik out details the service to Coleman.
Firemen were kept busy Wednesday answering five calls, one of which came too late to save the four-room residence of Theodore Lope/, 2026 Bark \vc., at 9 12 a.m.
Other fire* reported Wednesday included;
1. A call to Law n shortly after noon to extinguish a fire that ruined the rear tires and damaged the rear end of a semi trailer belonging to Dow Chemical Co, The fir* originated in a diesel pump oil the rig, firemen said.
2, An electrical short which caused a blower fan on a heating unit to stop at the residence of Dr.
Raymond Wra>. 802 ('range St., at 8 44 a m.
3 A blaie caused by investigation of a gas leak with a lighted mercury ro*« match at 857 Sycamore St p tn. Alton Smith probed
It is realized that, as negotiations I develop, they must at some point involve all of these powers and , come clearly under the »ponsor-! ship of the United Nations. That is a key ixnnt in the President s proposal, winch was made in a j speech Dec. 8 to the United Nations.
The Russians have criticized the Eisenhower plan, on the ground that it does nothing to control the use of atomic weapons. In, a Dec. 1 21 note they served notice they want pledges “not to use atomic, hydrogen or other weapons of mass extermination.’*
The I ruted States has taken the position that such weapons can be outlawed only alter safeguards are set up assuring that no nation will violate the ban. This would involve International inspection of atomic facilities.
Hamlin Child Hit by Auto
Douglas Hubert, X son of Mr. ami Mrs. P. (', Hubert of Hamlin, was injured about 4 40 p.m. Wed-iu sday when he was struck by an automobile in a parking lot at the Professional Building. 1101 North 19th st,, police reported.
Driver of the automobile was Jolui D. Jones, 1726 Oak St. who stopped and rendered aid.
\u attending physician stated that the child suffered a fractured pelvis and bruises about the face and arms. He was reported to be “doing pretty good” Wednesday night in Hendrick Memorial Hospital.
key senators said today they would vote for a moderate increase in
! the national debt limit if necessary’. but Sen. Byrd »D-Va» declared anew he would fight any ! hike.
I An administration bill to raise the limit from 275 billion dollar-to 290 hillion was blocked bv an 11-4 vote in the Senate Finance Committee last summer.
Two members of the committee who voted against the increase at that time—Sens. George (D-Ga> and Flanders <R-Vt* — made it known today that they are not ad-adamant against a boost.
While any increase in the debt ceiling is still distastetul to him, George said, he has told the Eisenhower administration that he would go along with a “reasonable’’ increase if it is imperative.
Flanders said in a separate interview that he was now inclined to support an increase of as much as 10 billion, with the hope it would not have to be used.
Byrd, however, held to his position that the administration could stay under tin 275 billion dollar ; ceding by economizing. He led the i fight against the boost in the finance Committee last year.
Byrd displayed a table—based on
the national debt would v»e $271 -700.000.000 and the government's cash balance is $6.2U0,000,000 on next June 30. the end of the current fiscal year.
This, the Virginia senator said, would give the government a 9!z billion dollar “cushion” at the end of the financial year.
But Treasury men have argued in the past that the government s financial position worsens in the first half of a fiscal year because the biggest revenue returns come in the last half of the 12-montb period. March is the biggest revenue month. Byrd’s table esti- } mated receipts for March of this year at $12,700,000.000.
With the national debt now within 500 million dollars of the statu-
The date for the proposed Washington discussion has not been set.
President Eisenhower made his proposal in a speech before the United Nations in New York Dec. 8. He called on the Soviet Union and all atomic powers to pool fissionable material and know-how to develop atomic energy for the use of the whole world.
The Soviet communique said: “On Jan. 6. V. M. Molotov received Charles Bohlen and informed him that the Soviet government had discussed the U. S. government's proposal to an exchange of views on procedure of the forthcoming negotiations about atomiv energy, in particular about the time, place and schedule of the negotiations. The Soviet government, as does the U. S. government, considers it desirable to discuss the above mentioned questions and agrees that the discussions should begin in Washington. From its side, the Soviet government authorizes the Soviet ambassador in the United States. G. M. Zarubin, to take part in this discussion.
Ambassador Bohlen promised to bring the answer of the Soviet government to the attention of the American government.”
Although Ambassador Bohlen first called on Molotov last Thursday and again yesterday to discuss the procedure for the preliminary discussions, this was the first mention of the two meetings with Molotov to appear in Soviet new spapers.
American authorities in Moscow’ appeared to be gratified over the prompt Soviet response and the Soviet government's expressed wil
tory ceiling. Treasury officials have left no doubt that they still favor j lingness to discuss the vital ques-an increase. tion.
(lark Heads Breck (-(
BRECK EN RIDGE, Jan. 6 UN'S lister Clark was elected president of the Breckenridge Chamber of Commerce Wednesday by the C-C Iniard of directors.
Clark, who succeeds D T. Bowles, t> an oil man and past president of the West Central Texas Oil and Gas Association.
Other officers elected by the board were Jimmie Ferrel and Moit Ewing, vice presidents; and Sni Bovvers, treasurer.
The board also discussed the annual chamber banquet which will be held here Monday in the American I .eg ion Hall.
Feature speaker at the banquet will be Dr. \\ R. White, president of Haylor University
Agents Round Up Theft Suspects
Jayton Store Burns; Damage Reported High
JAYTON, Jan. 6. <RNS> — Flames roared through Hall's Red and White Grocery and Market in the business square here Wednesday night, causing several thousand dollars worth of damage.
Chief Clyde Jackson of the Jayton Volunteer Fire Department said the blaze apparently broke out in a storeroom in the rear of the one - story structure. burned through a door and spread into the rest of the building.
Jayton firemen began fighting the blaze soon after it was discovered about 7:45 p.m., just after Earl Hall, owner of the business, had closed up for the night. Tom Jones. Jayton. owns the building.
It was the biggest fire here since Dec. 30. 1952, when Lewis Drug and Cafe burned.
A light southerly breeze fanned the fire, which for a time threatened the entire square. The Spur Volunteer Fire Department, 24 milts away, was called, but Jayton firemen had the fire under control by the time Spur firemen ar-! rived. They fought the blaze for an hour.
j Hall was unable to make an accurate estimate of damage Wed-J nesdav night, but said it would run j into thousands of dollars. More damage was caused by water and smoke, than by the fire itself, he believed. His stock suffered heavy damage.
Before being controlled, the fire got between the ceiling and roof of the structure.
share of the money expressed fear that he might be “bumped off.’ and another man told police he had been savagely beaten by two men who accused him of "squealing” that they had spent some o’ the stolen monev.
Irving Grant. 43. Negro chauf-feur-butier on a palatial 340-acre tonight two other ‘sta!* near Middleburg. Va.. told
See AGENTS. Pg. 2 A. Col. 5
Weaiher Hottest Since Dec. 2
Summer - like temperature» eon Untied Wednesday to make winter seem a long way off as the mercury climbed to 70 degrees for the warmest weather here in more than a month A 68-degree high on Tuesday was the warmest since Dec 8. The 70-degree high Wednesday w as the warmest since Dec. 2, when the to 73 degrees, at 6 17 i balmy weather is expected
a teak *>N U. S Weather Bureau at
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under the rear of the house when the fire began, firemen said.
4. A false Alarm at 512 Cvpui» St. «t 10 14 a.m. $
Municipal Airport to continue Thursday and Friday with temperatures similar to those of Wednesday.
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WASHINGTON. Jan 6 ^-Secret Service agent» continued to round up and question all persons who might lead them to the $31.700 still missing of $160.000 stolen from the federal Bureau of Engraving — the nation’s paper money factory—on New Year’s Eve.
During the day four oersuu» were quizzed and two of them held in custody. Then persons were brought in.
Secret Service agents saul a middle-aged, heavy-set Negro woman questioned tonight apparent1' was not implicated in the theft. One of the agents who accompanied her carried a long. fi»hing tackle box which the Secret Service said was empty. Asked If it had once contained part of the stolen money, spokesman said “We don’t actu-ailv know that.”
At about the same time the woman was brought in Roger Patterson, sought throughout the day, surrendered to police The Secret Service said he was too drunk to be questioned tonight Patterson is a friend of Charles Nelson ami a cousin of Jemes Ru-fu» Landi* Nelson. Landis and his wife, Mamie have been held in custody since the anguished father of Mrs. Landis broke the case to police yesterday.
Authorities »aid some of the money believed spirited from the heavily guarded plant in "false pockets” worn by a $3,460-a-year Negro employe was passed in a whirlwind »pending spree in Washington and Babfmore,
Bought 3 Car»
At least three automobile», liquor and other luxuries were *v |v>rted to have ' een purchased with stolen $20 greenbacks as the suspects tried desperately to get rid of the “hot” money fresh from the govermeafa printing presses T*’e partial succt »s oi their efforts was attested by’ the fact thr.t police found about $7,000 in old money in one of the three srp. a’ate caches of loot totalling $128.-} 000 »o far recovered The officers figured the $7.0t» had ht-en received in change for new 120 bills j Meanw hile, the man w ho tipped j off poAce where to fiud the major 1
SECTION A Women's Newt Paqes 4, 5 Sporta News 10, 11
Oil News 12
Editorials ...... Page 2
Radio A TV Logs . 3
Classified Ads 5, 6, 7
Farm & Ranch News 7
Markets ..... 7
HELD IN MONEY THEFT—James Rufus Landis, 29, ami his wife, Mamie, sit close together in an automobile as they were taken from the Treasury Department in Washington, D.C, for arraignment before a U.S. commissioner. They were arrested in connection with the theft of $160,000 from the Bureau of Engraving, (AP Wirephoto) *