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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 7, 1944, Abilene, Texas WAft IOND SCOKI War LMH ll.MIJI Hilt Mew Reporter On TIM _ MORNING i. LXIII, NO, 204 A TBCAS NEWSWn OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKI-'I Cll }'OUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT ABILENE, TEXAS. FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 7, 1944 -SIXTEEN PAUES Auoclattj Prat (AP) vnited Prtu FIVE CENTS at Dnieper WntTtxam in War Ntws- JHREE FROM AREA BAG JAP JUNES IN CHINA FIGHTING AN ADVANCE U. 9. AIR BASE IN CHINA, Dec. K LT. JT. T. GARREIT Texans In MaJ. Claire Chen- nault'i fighter squadrons destroyed 42 Japanese aircraft and probably- downed 16 others In the period be- tween 3 and Dec. 10. Paced by such veterans as Col. D. L. Hill o( Victoria, who had seven confirmed enemy planes since service with the Army Air Forces to add to the 12 counted with the AVG. fighter squadrons for the per- iod totalled 328 enemy planes cou- Ilrmed in the air, 31 confirmed on the ground, and 157 probables. The count did not Include enemy planes destroyed In bombing opera- tions airports, but did In- clude destruction of some planes by strafing. How West Texans scored: Cmpt T. O. of Win- one confirmed In the air, U. J. R. Brown, Star Rouie t, Baird, one confirmed in the air, probable. M. J. T. Garrett, Santi Anna, confirmed on ground. BFC, AIR MEDAL TO TYE FLIER The Distinguished Flying Cross tnd the Air Medal have been pre- to T-6gt. Odle C. Austin, Jve, for achievements tn the South- Pacific theater, of war, a friend, R. J..Parmelly of 2649 Fourth has'been Informed. The medals were presented by Lt. Gen. George C. Kenney. command- tr of the Allied air 'forces in the fcjithwest Pacific. The Plying 'Cross was awarded for "extraordinary achievement while participating In 5t> opera- tional flight missions In the South- west Pacific area during which hos- wac probable, arid ex- troop carrier zijiiidrbri with trie .Fifth. Air The Air Medal was awarded for "meritorious achievement while par- _. ticipating In 25 operational flight Wink. missions In the Southwest pacific- area.1' These operations consisted of dropping supplies and transporting troops to advanced positions at low altitudes over mountainous terrain in transport plane, and olteu ne- cessitated landing within a few miles of enemy bases, the citation read. Sergeant Austin, who !s stationed somewhere In New- Guinea, lias been in service more than a vear. He Is the son of ids. Ollie Austin, for- merly of Tye, but now of Cross Plains. attended, elementary Cross XFlalns and trans- ferred to -Abilene-high school where he One sister, Mrs. Pete Petty, lives at Tye and a brother, Garland, at WERKEL MAN GETS AIR MEDAL MERKEL, Jan. t Air Medal, two Oak Leaf Clusters in Ifcu of additional Air Medals and Conduct Medal have been awarded S-Sgt. Alton tWard) Berryman, son of Mrs. Bpttie Ber- ryman, aerial gunner of the Army Air Forces, serving at Guadalcanal and in the Solomons, according to announcement from the SaF office of the squadron com- mander. ror five heavy bomber strike sor- ties during the period from April 16 to Ju-.e 10. 1943, he was awarded an Air Medal. Oak Leaf Clusters 9 "eu of additional Air Medals were awarded for five heavy bomber itrike sorties during the periods from June 10 lo Sept. 25, end from Sept. 21 to Oct. 4. 1943. respectively. The Good Conduct Medal was re- raved for "having honorably served 9f year of continuous active mili- tary service." S-Sgt. Berryman enlisted July 17, 1942. and trained for- a short lime at Sioux City, la. He went to Ha- waii In the fall of that year and in A. W. BEKRVMAN February. 1943, was sent from Ha- ivaii to the Southwest Pacific. In a letter dated Dec. 7 he wrote his mother that he had six more weeks in the Solomons. tlYES TO TELL OF OWN 'BURIAL' BIG SPRING, Jan. (Spl) he actually was at a hospital the bur body, badly dccom- on a small Island. d, washed ashore on a small Southwest Pacific Island two days after tho sinking of the cruiser Helena, a small group of survivors out of hiding to get a glimpse, jh'en the dog tag was unrecogniz- But Ed Ansen, 31, Helena, Mon- tana, cried out: "It's Hop." So trie rest of the men turned away and jeft him lo bury his closest friend, Gavid Hopper. David Hopper, MM 3-c, for- mer Big Spring high school foot- ball and basketball star, Is back home now telling how he was A few weeks after the Incident when he had been trans- irred from a hospital to the re- turning ship, he came face lo face wilh Ed Ansen, "III never forget the look on his said Hopper. "He lust stood there, his eyes bugged out. Finally to cry." Incident, thinks Hopper. rho is visiting relatives In Howard county and his wife's family at Lcr.oray in Martin county, explains hiw he WAS reported missing. Dur- ing the time his "tody was Men Idle PHILADELPHIA, Jon. Union employes of the Cramp Ship, huilding company, which makes war for the Navy, voted late today to remain away front their jobs un- til B dispute involving 42 painters fe settled. The action left approximately r.OOO Mil end halted pro- ftttion, i Although stunned by the impact when torpedoes lilt the cruiser, he made his way out and was promptly picked up. Had it. not been for a shift In hours due to a long tour of duty during battle the night previous, Hopper would have been In the firs room when the first torpedo smashed in and exploded. THE WEATHER r. nr.rARTMFNT or rnwir.nn: WKATHEB 111 Rim- ABir.F.M ANI> YICIMTV: roK- rr HAInM.T partly r'nnil; and nd the Army Air Form Is alloflng a num- ber of Ihe planes to the .Navy for additional trials and experi- ments. The maiden flight of the first experimental model In Ihe United Slates occurred Oct. I, nith Robert. M. Stanley, chief lest pilot of tile Bell company, at tlw con- trols. The next day Col. Laurence C. Craiglc. since promoted to Briga- dier general, became the first Army officer lo llv the new type. Others who have flowa it are Brig. Gen. B. W. ChldlaR', chirr of Hie mater- ial division in the Air Staff, and MaJ. Gen. William E. Kcpner, a veteran fighter pilot who formerly commanded the Air Force. Active Poles Ready H-SU Pledged Aid in Drive Wholehearted cooperation In the Hardin-Simmons university tiulld- ing endowment fund drive, mapped to raise..at" least ssoo.OOO was pledged yesterday by Baptist church leaders of-West Central Texas at a conference at HSU. More than 50' persons atfended (he meeting to hear details of the program and talks by leaders. The opening gun will be fired Sunday, Jan. 23, when all Baptist churchei of Texas will observe Denomina- tional Day, devoting at least one service to the endowment campaign of (he Baptist General Convention of Texas, of which the Hardin-Simmons drive is a part. Rev. Thomas Patterson, pastor of the Evans Avenue Baplist church of Fort, Worth and a trustee of HSCT, presided at yesterday's con- ference, assisted by Dr. R. N. Hich- ardson, acting president, and Dean W. T. Walton. A principal address was made by Rev. Fred C. Easlhnni. pastor of the First Baptist church of Wich- ita Falls, who urged cooperation of all members of the denomination in the endowment, and building fund campaign. "Most ot he said, "owe drbls lo Hardin-Simrnons and other educational injlllutfons See HSU DRIVE Page 15, rnt.7 Germans Forsake Si-Mile Valley LONDON', Jan. 6 Yugo- slav Partisans have driven the Germans mil of the entire 60-mile long valley of the Celina river, which flows into the Adriatic sea at Onil.5. 15 miles below the Nazi-held port of Split, the headquarters of Marshal Josip Broz (Tito) announc- ed toctas'. Tlie communique broadcast by the free Yugoslav radio said "bit- ter street, battles" were continuing in Banja Luka. the Croatian base of the second German tank army. Fighting lor the of Nov- omesto in Slovenia abo l.t continu- ing. TUB bullelln (hat dur- ing Derrmter the irumllias had flain more than 600 enemy sold- iers in Macedonia, wounded sev- oraj hundred olhcrs, and captured or destroyed quantities of war Scattered fighting at points .n Bofnia and Hercegovina also was (icjcribcd. A dispatch from Barcelona said recent arrivals from Northeastern Italy had corroborated current re- ports of an un.succcAsiul revolt by 2.000 Italian snldlrrs 'again.u their German officers nt Fiumc Dcr. SO. Rain, Severe Cold Predicted for Today The weatherman forecast more rain for Abilene today to be follow- ed by a new "norther" due lo send the temperature tumbling to 18 to 2o degrees Friday night. A livestock warning was issued for tonight ha.s brcn forecast 'for the area, INFANTRY IN ITALY ADVANCE MILE DESPITE PILLBOX GUARD ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al- giers, Jan. American and British infantry, plunging forward in a new offensive on a 10-mile fro.nt ,in .the- mountain before advanced' an mile .with- thf-frrst momentum of their assault ind are smashing into concrete pillbox defenses guarding Ihe Germans' New -Italian "Sieg- fried headquarters announc- ed today. All along the rugged front from Venafro to Rocca D'Evandro and astraddle the Via Casiiina lo Rome the Nazis fiercely resisted the at- tack which was launched in a cold, driving rain before yesterday's day- break. American doughboys of Lt Geu. Mark W. Clark's Fifth Army bore the brunt of the assault north ol the via Casiiina, while British in- fantry struck south of that main traffic artery to Casslno and the Eternal City, 70 miles beyond. The Nazis poured thousands of rounds of artillery and mortar shells into the advancing Allies and fire blazed from hundreds of enemy machine-gun nests. An Allied ofifcer said the only way to reduce the Germans' con- crete pillboxes the first encount- ered by Allied forces in Italy was to charge inlo them irontally and peg hand grenadei Into gun holes, killing the crew. In some cas- es a single crew was found op- two or three covering.approaches to the heights-. "From noon when. Ihe clouds lifted, of American A-36 invader dive-bombers'roared low over the front at 300 miles an hour, strafing and bombing the ei__ my's emplacements and In some In- stances causing the Germans to scatter wildly. Violent hand-tn-hanrl fighting was in progress through the ruins of (he village of San Vittore, six miles from Cassino, headquarters said, with American troops In pos- session of approximately half Ihe place. Clark's men first probed In- lo this nest of German resistance a week ago after having flattened It wilh artillery fire. The renewed drive toward Rome began after a night of torrential rain which bogged Ihe front and multiplied the difficulties of the foot soldiers. The many mountain streams again were nl flood level. The British Admiralty announc- ed (hut British submarines had sunk eight Germnn or German-control! ed ships, including a large lanker, In recent operations in the Medi- terranean.) RAF BOMBERS BLAZE OVER EUROPE IN TWO-HOUR RAID LONDON, Friday. Jan. 1 RAF bombers roared toward Eu- rope again early today, crossing the moon-lit channel in a staggered two- hour proccKion. Shortly afterward Ihe Berlin Radio left the air, indicating that (he flyers were heading for Ger- many. The new attack came 2 Agrurnenl arming the United Slates and 18 other American nations lo look into the origins of the revolu- tionary regime In Bolivia centered new attention tonight on the whole, question of maintaining relations' with Argentina. The possibility of action against Argentina, Including perhaps both away. The air ministry fatd the Ger- mans seemed hopelessly confused by Ihe Mosquito slab at the capital since the route (alien by (lit main force was such that at almost an.v point it could have been directed at Berliji. "When we turned we could nee a long line of fighter flares Wretch- ing 50 miles nhcad, ton-aid one pilot reported. "There were no flares on our course lo Stettin." The German fighters came racing to Stettin ju.M Ihe last bombs were dropped. SUCCC.W of the itiblerftme was cre- dited with holding the British loss- es down lo 15 in both attacks and in other llghi Mwquilo raids on Western Germany and Norlhem France. Widow of Founder Of H-SU Succumbs DALLAS. Jan. Mrs. Lou Smith, 83, wife of the late Rev. G. W. Smith v.ho organized many churches in Trxa.s and was one of the founders of Hardin-Slm- mon.< university- died tonight at Ihe home of ft son hcrr A native of niln rotvtA IOST n mi Underground Fully Formed LONDON, Jan. Premier Stanislaw Mikolajczyk asserted m a broadcast lo Poland tonight that fully-organized Poliiir govern- ment existi In Poland, headed by a president -deputy -pre- mier answerable Jo, the eillsd cab- inet in London. Speaking in connection wilh tlw Russian advance against the Ger- mans the pre-war frontier of Poland, the premier did not re- fer to the Polish-Russian disagree- ment over where that border may be, but simply treated Ihe whole disputed area If It always had been and still was part ot Po- land. "We should have preferred to meet Soviet troops not merely a Allies of our Allies fighting the same common enemy, but at our oan Alljej ai jald Mo- kola jczyk. Regardless of how the. territorial question Is settled, however, he had Ihis lo say about the Soviet ad- vance: "ft insplrei m with hopes of prompt, liberation and brings near- er the moment of our final reck- teiimg with the Germans, which will come irrespective of the politi- cal situation." ipeech Mokola- jczyk emphasized the theme that Ihe Polish government wai a con- tinuous entity, existing without In- terruption since the German at- tack Sept. 1. 1938. Edward Benes, prtsldcnl-in-extle returned to London today from Moscow. There was some specula- tion that he might seek to helri Poland and Russia arrive some sort of understanding. Whether that can be done remains open to cjues- but pact which Bencs signed In Moscow left a door open for Poland. While Russia and the exiled Po- lish governnent seemed farther apart than ever in their territorial dispute, it was noted that yester- day's Polish Maicmcnt avoided di- rect mention o.' the boundary dis- agreement and indicated that re- sumption of relations would mean Poland underground with the Red cooperation 65 Carriers Built For Navy in 1943 KFAV YORK. Jan. 8-wv-Navy Undersecretary James Forrcstal dis- closed today lhat 65 aircraft carriers and combatant naval planes were built In 19H and said the Navy "noa has in bring forces which con- stitute (he greatest sea and air itriklng power In Ihe world." The carriers were six (on- MO Japs Slain In Jungle War Near Gloucester ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, New Gui- nea, Friday, 7 (AP) Six i hundred Japanese have been slain during heavy fighting now in progress in dense jun- gle country at invaded Cape Gloucester, New Britain, as both sides brought up artil- lery and strafing American planes supported the attack- ing Marines. Bringing lotal enemy lossei to more than 2.000 since the Marines landed Dec. 26. the latest casual- tics were Inflicted during m slow, arduous push against fierce resist- ance in the eastward direction of Borgen bay. A spokesman (or General Mac- Arllnir, In announcing today the preliminary results of Ihe battle, said Ihe bitterest type of lighting lias been going on since the Mar- ines swung lo the offensive In that sector. Previously the Marines at Borgen bay had been on the defen- sive against sharp counterattacks while other landing forces overran Gloucester's two airfields and consolidated their rape position. Covering through Tuesday, the spokesman said the Marines had made some advances against a strong force ot Nippon- ese but that progress was limited and Ihs battling jevere. In the air, todays reporti told f 243-ton bombardment ot Invasion-menaced Midani, New Guinea, th< damailni of two Japanese deslroytn durlnjr the Ihirrl rarrler plane strike Bee. 25 at Kavlenr, New Ire- Ihe downing at be- tween II and IS planet rfarttir' latest liihter New 'Britain. V. Along New Guinea, ihorellnt opposite the Gloucester oper- ation, Japanese positions on the coastal approach lo Madang were deteriorating. At Saldor. where U. S. Sixth Army elemenls landed Jan. 2, contact has been made with the enemy at Cape Iris, 10 to the northwest At that point, the Allies are less than 50 miles froin the shipping and supply _bn-se of Madang. Japanese raujh! between Sal- dor and (he Iluon peninsula lo the southeast squeezed In- to a narrowing trap. On Ihi peninsula, Australian Jurnjlt fllhlm have moved four nove Cape William to within 67 atrtfne miles of thf Amerlcanj at Saldor. The Spi- der Invaders hart helped rut down the dlcUnrr hy pushing eight miles noutheastward. The Kavleng raid Tuesday bj planes taking off an aircraft" car- rier of Adm. William F. Halscy's South Pacific Navy added to an pparenlly growing shortage of ene- my destroyers In the Kavienu-Ra- baul area. RedsPush len Miles In Poland LONDON, Friday, Jan. T Red army swept 10 miles inlo old Poland yes- terday with the capture of Rakilno, killed more of the enemy's retreating troops, and also plunged southward to within 39 miles of the War- saw-Odessa rail lifeline to the German Dnieper bend army. Berlin intimated early to- day that part of Germany's huge Dnieper bend army, esti- mated at between and already was fighting for its life against i Soviet pincers movement hy (he Red armies of Generals Nikolai F. Vatnlin and Ivan S. Konev. A Moscow communique last night announced thi capture ot FUkttno In a fanwise sweep by General Vat- utln's urmy, which Berlin said numbered men besides "ths reserves that still are moving up." But Berlin broadcast! laid the Soviet Army pushing toward renlril Poland mostly wai "mirklnf time." Axu rommen- litors were far more concern- ed. II appeared, with Ihe mas- swlnf southward toward Rumania Inlo the Pnteper bend. Oermtn hr'oadcuU; recorded bj II TAKES MORE IHAN BROKEN ARM WASHINGTON. Jan. t Something more than maps, cold statistics and Involved plans trickles Inlo the War Department's nerve center from the fighting fronts, as witness today a typical one: Prom a North African hosplul- Sgt. John W. Palmer, of Flat, fex., was convalescing with a fractured arm when he learned his division, Ihe 36th, waj pm on the alert for combat. X-rays taken the next day showed his arm had heal- ed miraculously, and he was per- mitted to leave for active duty. The medicos didn't know then that had bandagrs from thf Injured ami to Hit good one iiv. before the examination, so he could join his flghling buddiw. lhe Esscx converted nlne of cniiscr tjpe Smith came to in 1837. Fun- eral will be held tomorrow Burial will br in Abilrnc. Survivors Included Ihe fon. C. W. Bmlett; a brother. J. M. Kiggin- botham. Dallas, and n sister, Mrs. Sue Fry, Dublin. Big Glider Tested DETROIT. Jan. 6 if.__A new- glider capable of carrying 30 troops ._-j_ ui Linking jy trade and diplomatic is ai- and with clearance to transport twc rraay Bfing discussed in diplomatic was Hitrr-ffnllv tested at the in Dearborn today, small ships and have been usrrl to hunt subniarinK In the Atlantic Visifi Moscow MOSCOW. Jan. Brti. Gen. William J. Donovan, director of the U. s. olfice of strategic ser- vices, rtcrntl; visited Moscow it wa6 announced today. American Amlusiiadar W. Avercl! Haniman said toe visit wa.s "a natural" con- --cqinuc of Hie Teheran confer- Ida M. Tarbcll, Woman Author, Dies BRIDGEPORT. Conn.. Jan 6 ijn today rndtd ilic brilliant career In letters of Ida Minerva Tarbeli. 86. rtean of American wom- en authors, authority on Abraham Lincoln, advocate of -socialized democracy.11 trust buMing feminist anri skilled biographer. Arlmnttd to the Bridgrporl ho.s- pital on Dec 27. .she sviccumbcd to pneumonia, hospital officials Mid. Her sLMer. Sarah A. Tnrbell had visited her a short time before. More Shoes Freed DALLAS. Jan. The Of- fice of Price Administration an- nounctd today that from Jan. 19 to 39 Inclusive, 15 per cent of the retail stocks of shoes or, hand Jan. IS retail for SI or le-.s "ill J De ration tret. the Cherkfuy sector now wervfceiny aided by "a new major offensive" begun by General Konev't second Ukraine army Inside the Dnieper Bend. A 65-mile gap two Russian armies, and Berlin aaid the Germans in the upuer part'of Dnieper bend now were being hit from both Ihe east and west. Axis broadcasts also reflected alarm over the rapid Soviet progress to- ward the Warsaw-Odessa railway in the sector above Zhmerinka. Sei- zure o[ that rear supply artery might bring disaster to all Ger- man forces in southern Russia. A miilnUht Moscow bulletin recorded by Ihe Soviet monitor from A broadcast said "advanc- ing Soviet are Inflicting heavy on the enemy1' in dtscuhlnjr the accelerated driv- es into old Pnland anil toward Rumania, anri the wheeling movemrnl bark Into Ihe Dnie- per bend. On the front Kevel anoth- er Soviet army captured "advan- tageous paMtions" in Its offensive uorth and west toward the Baltic and west of Propolsk on the White Russian Ironl a raid by a Red army sky battalion resulted In the killing of many staff officers at Ihe headquarters of a German Infantry division, the bulletin said. In taJtinp Rakitno inside old Po- land, the under General Vatutin drove 17 miles along th5 Klci-Warsan- railway from Olevjlt. The immediale Soviet goal in this thrust was Sarny, only 25 miles away. Sarny a juncllon on the north-south Vilna-Rowne line. DeWoody Case Dropped Here A one worn' sentence freed Jerry DeWoody from an eight-day slay ir. the Taylor coun- ty Jail and he walked from the 41nd District court room absolved of connection with a 120.000 Louis- tana bank robbery. The laconic sentence spoken by presiding Judge Milbum S. Long who said simply. at the end o'. testimony In habeas corpus hearing. The judg? made no other comment. Earlier in the day Louisiana MI- tlioritie.s had told City Detective George Bos ley they no longer want- ed DeWoody. An Associated Press dispatch from Lake Charles. La., also